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FARM AND GARDEN.
A WORD ABOUT HIVES.
Those Made at Home Are jut Good h
More Expensive Ones,
For the ordinary bee-keeper, and for
most bee-keejwrs. for that matter, no
hive :s better than a phiin.simjileLansrs-
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The insurance upon St. FauFa e
dedral is about $475,000.
The newly elected president of Ken
yon college.at Gambier.O., W. F. Pierce,
ia but 22 years old.
It is said that Trince Arthur of Conr
uaug-ht, who has just been entered as a
scholar of Eaton, will never reflect
plory upon the school by his brilliant
Dr. O'Donnell, bishop of Enphoe,
has directed that Irish be used in
preaching sermons by all priests wher
ever in his diocese the population is
Ilonjr Wo Sing is at 0G probably the
oldest professor actively emjnfrrd in ed
ucational work in the world. He occu
piestheehairof physiology in the school
for the sons of the empire at Ttkinar,
which is the most ancient university m
The total enrollment at the Uni
versity of Michigan is 2.917. exclusive of
the summer school, which has 07 en
rolled, making; the total 2.014. There
ure 173 names on the faculty roll. The
heaviest enrollment by far is in the de
partment of literature, which carries
Xot many years ago tin Fiji island
ers were considered inca-jr.ble of civili
zation, but hist year these same men ; of wood nailed ariund the hive near its
gave nearly $25,000 to the cause of for
eign missions. Orders have just Ix-en
Kent 1o London for 5.000 Iliblcs, 5.000
hymn books and 5.000 catechisms, to be
sold in the Fiji islands.
Dr. Kliza M. Mosher, of lirooklyn,
who will enter uikui her duties as pro
feor of hygiene in the University of
Michigan in the autumn, has had a
thorough medical training in this coun
try and Europe, and for some years lma
had a successful practice in Brooklyn,
f-he is the first woman professor to be
railed to the University of Michigan.
GOOD SUBSOIL PLOW.
Bow to Slake One Which Does Perfectly
The following description of a home
made subsoil plow said to do perfectly
satisfactory work when made strong
enough-is condensed from the Country
Some IS months ago I had occasion
troth hive. It is simply a plain box j to visit a brother gardener in the west
without top or bottom, with rabbets
cut upon the upper inside edges of oppo
site ends for hanging the frames. To
the hive there must be added, of course,
a bottom board and a cover, but thes
are not nailed fast as a rule. Sometime?
the bottom board is nailed fast. If this
is the case the board composing the
front end is three-eighths of ;ui inch
narrower than the other boards ceni
posing the sides. 'I his gives an entrance
the whole width of the front of the hive.
If the liottoni board is loose, a rin.
three-eighths of an inch high is nailed
around its outer edges on the upper
side, e.-ept in front. The leaving oil
of the rim in front makes an entrance
In either case, small blocks are used,
when necessary, for contracting the en
trance. If the bottom is nailed fast a
j cleat will be needed on the front end oi
j The bottom board to keen it from warp
' ing. If it is loose a cleat will be needed
! at each end on the under side. A rim
ern part cf the county late in the fall,
and found him using a home-made sub
sciler that exactly met my ideas of
what such a tool should accomplish.
It was a straight beam of hard wood
three by four inches in size and about
si feet long, supported with an ordi
nary plow-wheel at each end. and carry
ing on cither side between the wheels
a st iff steel shank, which in turn carried
a steel wedge-shaped shoe. The shanV
THE TIP CUSTOM.
Works Hardship on Those Who Are Tick
One of the most painful results of the
lavish expenditures of money by those
w ho gather it easily is the growth of the
"tip" habit in all parts of the country.
This giving of a dime or a quarter or
half-dollar, for little trifles, officiously
rendered (by those who have no claim
whatever upon the gratitude or the
generosity of the individual receiving
the scrice) is entirely the result cf
thot-e who have money in abundance.
It is entirely the result of that pompous
magnanimity which those who possess
splendid resources may easily exercise.
It is nothing to a millionaire to "tip"
a waiter 50 cents or more for little at
tentions rendered during the progress
of a meal. To a man with a comfortable
income, or whose money comes rapidly,
this is one of the methods of showing
that he is not close-fisted in his hour of
prosperity nor unmindful of the hope
less struggle maintained by others in
their efforts to live decently. Original
ly "tips" were the fruits of generosity
and well meaning, as in the beginningof
all things, all was good. It is imitation
Jong continued without rhyme or reason
that is bad.
For instance, "tips" given in imita
tion of the wealthy by a host of nobodys
who are dying to be somebody are in
variably bad. Thev are bad because
they are not the fruit of sincere pener- i must
osity. They are given because, in the
bright enfe where men of influence are
wont to lounge the giving has come to
be considered the proper thing. They
ere given because in a public parlor
men of evident social standing are seen
to put their hands into their pockets
and gracefully acknowledge slight serv
ices. They are given just as everything
is given by those who npe what they can
rot hope to be. i. e., out of deep-seated
desire to do the proper thing handsome
ly, and so the seeds of evil nre sown.
Once given and imitated, "tips" he
came the habit, then the fashion, then
the rule and necessity and finally the
tax and the hardship, which all must
endure who would "njoy any of the
con. forts of metropolitan life. All
menials get the"tip" fever and the most
frugal workers are mad.' to f"-l the ef
fect of the extortionate practice. Citi
zens. who would ordinarily bi able tc
patronize a respectable dining-room or
bath or Varber shop are compelled tc
Feeic the less pretentious and more
homely places. They are compelled tc
endure the "second-hand" and the ' sec-or.d-grnde."
and to put up with impolite
ness and the many little rudenesses
which in the better grade of resorts
the "tip" does away with. Only thosf
who are compelled to do such things
can appreciate the galling misery of j
the necessity. It is perhaps needless I
to suggest that the "t;p" should bf
tabooed. Every Month.
upper edge helps to keep the hive iu
shape and is very convenient lor han
dling it. The cover is simply a plain,
fiat board with a cleat nailed on each
?nd. Lang:itroth frames are 'J' j inches
Jeep and 17';, inches long, and the hie
should be of such a size that there is a
space cf three-eighths of an inch be
tween tiie frames and the bottom, top
and sides of the hive. In this climate
there is no necessity for halving, lui
tering. or dovetailing tlio corners. .lust
a plain lap-joint well nailed is sufficient.
The frames are made of seven-eighths
lumber, pieces of boards of the right
length being cut elT and then three-eighths-inch
strips being sawed off the
ptiges. The top bar is nailed on with
l1,;. inch wire nails, and seven-eighths
will answer for the other joints. All
these pnrts can be cut out at any plan
ing mill, or if the bee-keeper has a foot
power buzzsaw he can cut them out
After the hive is made give it twt
good coats of white paint. White is
preferable because this color does no
absorb the heat as is the case with dark
colors, and such hives can usually bt
used in the sun with no shade boards
over them, and there will be no danger
of the combs melting down. Such hives
can be made by anyone who is at ail
handy with the hammer, and they an
swer every purpose for which a hive is
needed. With such a hive as ibis ex
tracted honey can be produced by sim
ply setting one hive on top of the othtr,
or they may be tiered up three high ii
necessary. In producing comb honey
a super will be needed. This .s made
of half-inch lumlier and is just about
the same size as the hive except that it is
not so tall, it lieing three-eighths of an
inch deeper than the size of the sec
tions used. The usual size of section is
4Viby 4'4, and the super should, in that
case, be ;B deep. There will need to be j
three partitions crosswise of the super, j
and to the bottoms of these partitions
and to the bottoms of the end pieces j
be tacked some strips oi tin oi
snch a width that they will project he- j
yond the partitions about one-eightl.
of an inch, thus forming a sort of ledge
that will support the sections when
they are slipped down between the par
titions. The ordinary hive cover will !
also cover the super. W. Z. Hutchin
son, iu Prairie Farmer. j
of each shoe was a piece of mowing-!
machine cutter-bar, about five-eighths
of an inch thick and three or four
They were attached at the upper end
by a bolt, one being on each side, and
about two feet apart, and a sl.intina
brace made of wagon tire was bolted
to the shank about a third of the way
from the lxittom and to the beam some
1 inches ahead. The shoe was a piece
of inch-steel about three inches wide,
and in a finished condition about seven
inches long, the back three inches be
ing full size and the front drawn down
to a tapering chisel-edge with a slight
inclination down just sulpcient to mnke
it draw into the soil and rest upon the
wheels. A clevis and handles attached
like cultivator handles completed the
At the time I saw the plow work there
had been a prolonged drought, and it
was lieing tise! in an unoramed. heavy
clay ioani. ar.il it did its work perfectly,
with a not very heavy team drawing it.
The surface plowing wis nine inches,
'ind the subsoiler went seven inches
lower, making a total of 10 inches. I
COST OF PATENTS.
A caveat may be filed in Canada just
as in the United States, the entire ex
pense being $20.
A Spanish patent covers Spain and
all the Spanish colonies that are not
held by insurgents.
In Russia a patent may be taken out,
at the pleasure of the patentee, for
three, five or ten years.
A German patent must be worked in
that country within three years from
its date or it becomes void.
Any new or originnl design for the
printing of silk, cotton, woolen or
other fabrics may be patented.
All patents are issued in the name and
under the seal of the United States
and of the patent office.
All patents are assignable by law,
and an interest in a patent may be as
signed as easily as the whole.
The cost of an application for a Brit
ish patent is $30. which includes gov
ernment tax and all expenses.
The fee in design cases for three
years and six months is ten dollars,
for seven years $15, for 14 years $30.
A new and useful shape or configura
tion of an article of manufacture en
titles the inventor to patent right.
All specifications and claims must
lie signed by the inventor and attested
by the signatures of two witnesses.
Any new or useful improvement upon
a machine, manufacture or device not
previously known may be patented.
IN THE STATES.
could not find any lumps bigger than a
The entire iron work of the outfit
was made by a country blacksmith,,
and the cost was quite small in propor
tion to the usefulness of the tool. Fig.
1 shows the plow as my friend had got
it up. He had a hook clevis, and
changed from one plow to the other
every time round. The subsoiler ran
as steady as a mud sled, keeping right
down to its work without any exer
tion on the part of the driver. Its only
w?ak point was the side strain on the
shank, which, having only a three-inch
bearing against the beam and a 20-inch
leverage, was liable to be bent sidewise
and run either nearer or farther from
its partner man was fest to insure
On a farm 12 miles from Lititz, Ta.,
the custom still prevails of carrying
grain to the mill slung over the right
shoulder of a horse, with a big stone on
the left side to balance it.
It is more costly to beat a mule than
to beat a wife in Clay county. Mo. A
man there was fined S35 for beating his
mule, and another man. for thrashing
his wife, got off with a fine of three dol
lars. A bounty of one cent is paid for each
squirrel tail in Spokane county. Wash.
One man recently brought to the com
missioner 1,::?.4 tails and another 1,05G.
The squirrels there are playing havoc
with the crops.
A seven-acre tract of muck on All
Oottsball's farm in Harrison township,
u-nr Logansport, Ind., has been burn
ing for more than a year, and even the
recent heavy rains have failed to extin
guish the fire. Holes have been burned
to a depth of eight or ten feet The
tract is a perfect honeycomb and the
ground is almost ruined.
POINTS ABOUT CLOTHES.
Black petticoats are made of taffeta
silk, alpaca, sateen and moreen.
A plain black satin duchesse is the
most fashionable material for a black
Stiffly starched white petticoats are
no longer considered good form for
The underclothing worn in travel
ing depends entirely upon where one
is going. Heavy winter flannels are
not too warm for an ocean trip.
Suede kid gloves are always pre
ferred for evening wear, and are also
worn for day occasions, though the
glace kid is preferred for the latter
1 For a nice woolen gown for all oe-
i casions have a black mohair or finely'
equality of work As height of beam twilled serpe. Then wear different
is necessary to c ear furrows w.th the co,orp1 t.rush of ve,vet Qr r;b.
double tree, this fault car. only be rem- j bon hh it.Ladies- Home Journal.
edied by putting anotliT and shorter
beam below, bolting each shank tc each. ' FOR
I give a drawing. Fig. 2. sho-.viin' the i
construction after such a ulan
THE HOME DRESSMAKER.
An Excellent and Simple Device for Rid
Uinc Hens f l.ice.
In making a fumigating box for rid
ding hens of lice I did not take !:
pains to provide it with a1! the conveni
ences ;:l times described.
Mine was a tt nip-'rary affair, made
out of a cracker box. but it :u.s er c
.he purpose perfectly, ind sMi-h a fis- ;
Juigaiing box anyone can tix iiji'ii hail I
ail hour. Take any fairly tight box ;
oi suitalile s:ze. say aiiou; -i ir.cuvs
high, and remove a portion of em:
In Mr. Xehrling's treatise on Xor'.h
American birds, now being published in
Miccessive parts, he calls attention to a
singular arrangement of bird songs, a
lind of daily musical programme,
w hich nature, seems to have fixed. The
robin, he says, opens the music from
the earliest daybreak, singing in a se
rious and solemn strain; but the bobo
FnU. with its cheerful and rollicking
ro'es. does not begin until sunrise,
when the robin has almost ceased. The
morning programme thus proceeds
from grave t.i gay. In the evening, ac
cording to Mr. Xehrling, this order is
reversed, "and after the comedy is con
cluded nature lulls us to repose by the
r.icllow notes of . the vesper sparrow
end the pensive and still more melodi
ous strains of the solitary thrush.
Women are acknowledged to be really
braver than men. The anticipated
pain or peril they shrink from is femi
nine timidity, but i they are plunged
into the midst of a great danger, you
seldom find one that is not brave and
helpful. The woman who has hysterica
ct sight of a mouse will be the last one
to leave a sinking ship, or will with
dogged courage defend her home
ngaiusl burglars, her child against the
fury of a mad dog. Albany Argus.
buard (one end only) as shown at A in
tie cut. Put in a slat ph'tform about
eight inches above the bottom. as
shown at P. !i. Next remove p-irt of the
top. and hinge (leather straps tacked
on will answer) as shown at C. At
1) trim out a hole of suitable size to
lit snugly around the hen's neck. Stand
the hen in on the slat platform, and
shut the lid down tight, leaving her
head protruding. Xow take a pan with
a shovelful of live coals in it, sprinkle
on the latter a tablespoonfnl of sul
phur, slip it under at A. and let the
hen remain (if not hot. it need not lie
directly under her feet) until the sul
phur has burned away, and the work
is done. If the hen is well fumigated
in the evening, the sulphurous acid will
not only kill the lice on her own body,
but the feathers will be so saturated
as to also elrive them from the little
chicks, as she c-overs them. Try it. G
W. Waters, in Journal of Agriculture.
Root Crops for Stock.
I'.e sure and fit a piec? of good lane
.'or the root crojis that are so nourish
ing and healthful as cattle feed. The
sugar beets and the ma: gels will yield
immensely on good land, if put in ir.
good time and well tended, and no farn:
crops are more valuable. Cattle thrivt
on such food in winter, when it forms
a large part of their rations, and every
stock owner should have a good sup
ply. Carrots are particularly desira
ble for horses, keeping them in gocd,
rarnierK Should Raie More
There are not nearly as many turkey-:
grown as there should be. There is
never a year that turkeys are iMt more
prolitabfe. than hogs, for thev alwavs
bring a good prie-e in the markets, aim i
the supply is rarely equal to the de- i
The bronze turkey is the favoriie wit! j
i.;ist breeders, as it grows to a large j
size, and is about the hardiest ol all tin j
varieties. Tlie only rival it has that i
amounts to much in the west is the j
white ariefy. hich is growing in favoi i
because of its beautiful appearunc" j
when dressed, and the line quality o! i
the meat, it (iocs not grew as large a
l he bronze turkey, at the same :ge, but
is preferreil by many consumers, am
they arc often willing 10 pay something
extra to get one.
Young turkeys (poults is the prope.
name) are somewhat tender nt first, and
must be carefully looked after for the
first few weeks of their lives, and kept
from being exposed to rains or early
They should le fed for the first few
days on bread dampened (not soaked)
in sweet miik. With this may hr given
cottage cheese made in the same man
ner as for the table, hut with less sait
and more pepper in it. After they get
started and begin to show the red cor
rugations about the neck ("shooting
the red" this is called), they may be al
lowed perfect freedom, and they wii!
roam widely, searching for insects
which is their favorite food. Farm and
Never gore both sides of the widths
of a thin cotton gown.
Gteam the rain sots on your velvet
cajic and brush up the pile with a whisk
while holding the wrong side of the
material over a steaming tea-kettle.
When a petticoat pushes toward the
front it shows that it has fullness
there which ought to be in the back,
and it may also mean that the back of
the skirt is too long.
To take the creasr.s out cf your black
silk skirt either dip each piece in a
bath of naphtha (remembering always
that naphtha is very explosive) and
hang out-of-doors to dry. or lay a wet
sheet on the right side of the silk, and
:ron until dry. Unfortunately, this
latter rasthod ia aut to remove the
Xbw York. June If. IS9
TTTiK Native .steers $ 3 .ill ?rf 4 30
. 2 6 (.9
Separate Troughs for Youne; Stock.
It is not a great undertaking to pro
vide a small trough in some convenient
corner, where thev can eat their soaked
corn anil nniK unmolested Dy older ! oats No. -
stock. They learn at an early age tc
visit their sideboard and their appre-
K I -O I .' I W i m li r W li eat
D ATs - No. -
FOKIv-OM and New Mess....
UEE KS steers....
Cows and Heiters.
HiXiS-Kair to Select
SUKKP K:ur to ( lioice
(".itny to Extra do.
WHEAT N". j Kcd Winter. .
COliN No. -4 Mixed
Oats No. -i ...
KVK No. 2
HA V Clear Timotav
111. TTi:i-( lioice- u.iiry
POicK standard Mess (New .
11ACON Clear Kil
LAKU Pnuie Steam
H i. is 1'iiir toCitoice
t'LUU IC-Winter Patents
WHEAT No. -i .-prini!
Or 12 0U
a is ii
ciation of its contents increases daily
As time goes on they will become more
dependent upon their side ration, un
til, as yeu go the round with the feed
buckets, you are reminded that you
have another regular lot en your feed
roll. Fy the time they are ten or twelve
wecks oil you le them weaned with
but little e-eremony. They have become
so attached to their feed trough that
they miss their mother but little, and
the sow v.-i'l have reduced in the flow
of miik, making weaning a very im
fie matter. Pacific Rural Press.
CATTLE .'.hipping Stee-rs. ... 3 25
I ll'Xi. All i.-a-.les 2 ."5
WHEAT Nu 2 Hed
MATS No. 2
COiCN No. 2
3 'J I
FLOL K-Hlifh Urade
HAY Choice :
I'OKIv Old Mess
WHEAT-No S Iteil
COKN No.2 Mixed
OATS No. 2 Mixed
POKK New .Mcs.
BACON -Clear ICi Q
i 25 4i
, .. 46
6 1 1-4
Three for a Dollar!
Three what I Three charmingly executed
posters in colors, drawn by W. W. Dens-
low, titUel Keen ana Kay iirowu, wiu oe
sent free of postaee to any address on re
ceipt of One Dollar. All who are afflicted
with the "poster craze" will immediately
embrace this rare opportunity, as but a
limited number of tne iost?rs will be is
sued. The scarcity of a pood thin en
hances its value. Address Geo. H. Heaf
foud, General Passenger Agent cf the Chi
cas Milwaukee & Su Paid Railway, Old
Colony Buiiding, Chicago, 111.
Brows "I am going to challenge that
man who ran off with my wife." Jone
"Why, that was six months ago." Brown
"I know it, but he has sent her back."
X. Y. World.
Tne CoMi-osmox eP Max. Dollie "Do
you believe that man is made of dnst!"
CiioUie "He has to be to pet any nutice
from you." Detroit Free Press.
An Iinportait Difference.
To make it apparent to thousands, who
think themselves ill, that they are not af
flicted with any disease, but that the system
simply needs e'leansing, is to tiring coin fort
home to their hearts, as a costive condition
is easily cured by using Syrup of Figs.
Manufactured by the California Fig Syrup
Company only, and sold by all druggists.
There is a third silent party to all our
bargains. The nature and soul of things
takes upon itself the guaranty of the ful
fillment of every contract, so' that honest
service cannot come to loss. Emerson.
Fraxkstown "Hot weather is appro
priate to the be-ginning of the baseball sea
son." Homeivood "Why !"' FranUstown
"It pives appropriateexercise to the 'fans.' "
A bitter and perplexed "What shall Idof
is worse to man than worst necessity
Fits stopiied free and permanently cured.
No fits after first day's use of Dr. Kline's
Great Nerve Res.orer. Free f3 trial bottle)
& treatise. Da. Kline, U33 Arch st. Phila JP.
A sallow skin acquires a healthy clear
ness by the use of GleniTs Sulphur Soap.
Hill's Hair an J Whisker Dye, 50 cents.
Th at which history can best giveisth
enthusiasm which it raises in our hearts.
Piso"s Cure for Consumption has saved
me many a doctor's bill. S. F. Harot, Hop
kins Place, Baltimore, Md., Dec 2, "Ji.
Hard to Beat. A wet carpet. Mel
bourne Weekly Times.
Hall's Cat&rrh Core
Is a Constitutional Cure. Price 73c
Oi'R humanity were a poor thine but fox
the divinity that stirs within us. Bacon.
The coolness is rcfrcsJnng;
the roots and herbs invigor
ating ; the two together ani
mating. You get the right
combination in HIRES
M arte q1t Tit Tfie Charte R. Him Co.. PriiTftdrtpMAl
A 2jc aefcage nkea a fcitoa. Sold eijw bcrm.
tub ITETTilT tA to
urn EVERYWHERE U
m i unt ILL Ur
STiRK Trees. Outfit, PURE. No Money to Invest.
(to Risk. STliUL BRITS, Louuuu, flo aocApart, im
flDISlM ""'WHISKY TuAlta cored. Bok trmt
U rill til run. ur. s. . woolui. Arum, a.
Rome Wasn't Built In a Day,
Neither arj the obstinate maladies, to the
removal of which tiie preat corrective. Hos
tctter's Stomach Bitters, is adapted curable
in an hour. To persist in the use of this
RKtnuaru rcnieuy is no more uiua jusi. tsu- . uc vft T rj 1 r r, VliniTlU
iousness, constipation, malaria, rheuma- HAVt TUu InltU TUbAIANr
limn, jkiiiir, ufiiiiijiiut JUU IK 1 1 t:uuiillt; I
among tne complaints which it eradicates.
rXAliX THIS PAKE
Gayett pleases more when we are as
sured that it docs not cover carelessness.
Jlmc. tie Stacl.
A. X. K.. 15.
WIIEX VVRITIXO TO ADVERTIIFK
pleae ltile thnt you saw (he advertlM
nnl In this paper.
j Pill Clothes. H
(flj The good pill has a good coat. The pill coat B
The good pill has a good coat. The pill coat
serves two purposes; it protects the pill, en
abling it to retain all its remedial value, and it
disguises the taste for the palate. Some pill
coats are too heavy; they will not dissolve in
the stomach, and the pills they cover pass
through the system as harmless as a bread
pellet. Other coats are too light, and permit the
speedy deterioration of the pill. After 30 years
exposure, Ayer's Sugar Coated Pills have been
found as effective as if just fresh from the labor
atory. It's a good pill with a good coat. Ask
your druggist for
Ayer's Cathartic Pills.
More pill particulars In Ayer's Curebook, 100 pages.
Sent free. J. C. Ayer Co., Lowell, Mast.
i &IM i s Lni
"It's a Good Thins. Push it Along."
zm &m vv
EK-.i fJSK -! ST. M jnHK 53 fff
Why buy a newspaper unless you
can profit by the expense? For 5
cents you can get almost as much
"BATTLE AX" as you can of
other high grade brands for JO cents
Here's news that will repay you for
the cost of your newspaper to-day.
9SO,000 ACRES FARM LANDS ; 4,000,000 ACRES GRAZING LANDS IN
K&HSAS, NEBRASKA, COLORADO, WY0SH3G, UTAH. ;
JEXCCItSIOV RATES far Haaeaeekerat FAKE REFCXDZD tm Parekaaera. '
REDUCED PRICES-IO YEARS TIME ONE-TENTH DOWN. !
H. A. MtAUIiASTETt. AJTS COM MISSION EX.