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LINCOLN DAY DINNER.
The Ohio State League of Repub
Celebrate: Lincoln's Bithday liy a llanqnet
at Zanesville at Which Factional 1)1 f
farancea were Laid Aside Mark
Hanna a the Uueat of Honor.
Zanesville, 0-, Feb. IS. The dining
ball of the ClareuJoa hotel presented
a scene of dazzling beauty when it
opened at nine o'clock last night for
the annual Lincoln Day banquet of the
State League of Republican clubs.
The furnishings were superb.
The senatorial question in which
danger lurked had been kept out of
the proceedings of the league conven
tion and everybody felt like offering
The wise old heads of the parly had
rushed into Zanesville, and, quietly
working with the more combative of
the delegates, they succeeded in rele
gatiug the senatorial question to some
other tribunal for debate and decision.
It was 10:30 o'clock when the guests
sat down. Gov. Busliuell occupied
the post of houor, as toastmaster, and
was flanked on the right by lion. M.
A. lisnna, Senator Thurston and lion,
ii. L Everett. On the left by Presi
dent Leach of the State league, D. D.
Woodmansee, president of the Na
tional league; Congressmen McCleary,
Van Voorhia and Xorthway. The
banquet occupied two hours and a
half. At 13 President Charles F.
Leach arose and made a short ad
dress. lie then introduced Gov. Buslmell
as the toastmaster, who in a few witty
remarks presented Senator Thurston
of Nebraska, who responded to the
toast 'Abraham Lincoln."
Congressman Jauics T. McCleary
spoke to the sentiment: "The Amer
Then came the toast of the evening,
"To the Chairman of the National
Committee," which was drank stand
ing, lion. M. A. lianna arose and in
a brief speech thanked the members
ol the league for the honor accorded
him and complimented the work of
n-:i:: .... .
iiiiiam Alien v nue, ol ,mpona,
Ivas., spoke to the toast: "What's the
.Matter with Kansas."
Mr. White said:
I have been Invited here to tell you what is
tbe matter with Kansas, and I nave c. u:e
nearly a thousand miles in the middle of ivin
ter to say that there is absolutely nothiiiK the
matter with Kansas. For six or seven) ears,
however, Kansas has been under the spell o(
the don:aiogues.FroiulSJ(UolmHall parlies vied
with one another in pulling tommy rot into
tueir piatiorms. oa gentlemen here in Ohio
have doubtless noticed with consternation
what tads, what foollstus. what rank nonsense
hare passed current for republicanism at one
time or another out in Kansas. When Jerry
Simpson ran for congress the rtrst time the re
publicans In his district stole his platform
bodily, and then absolved the republicau nom
inee from the duty of abiding by It.
The people could not vole as thev Dleased.
They had to choose the less violent of two
lunatics. For years a crowd of fellows domi
nated the republican party in Kansas whose
motto was "molasses catches more ilies than
vinegar." As a result the state platform was
more of a fly trap than a declaration of repub
lican principles. Tbese gentlemen say that
Kansas was built on the installment plan, to
be paid for In small monthly payments. They
preached a bogus way out of debt, because
they believed that it was a sure way into
office. These political economists of tbe soft
soap school would stand proudly on a platform
recommending moonshine as a legal tender,
indorsing astrology, declaring for blue glass
and the barefoot cure, pledging the party to
vegetarianism and cooping it up fur the free
and unlimited coinage of aapdoouie. Think of
what Kansas escaped with these ghost
danocrs leading the conservative party for
half a dozen years. The wonder Is not that
the state went for Bryan, but that it did not j
for itev. Irl It Hicks end George Francis
The people were so glad to get a chance to
vote as they pleased, to see the slimy old bar
nacles scraped off tbe republican ship, that
they piled uu a republican vole which v. us de
feated by a narrow margin only by the triple
alliance of anarchy, greed and colic.
In that great battle whose lino is forming,
between patriotism and anarchy, Kansas may
oedicate to her country's service men worihy
to light beside the patriots of Ohio Ameri
cans as fearless as John Sherman, as dauntless
as Foraker. as powerful as Marl; Manua. And
one day Kansas may giva the world a kniuht,
without fear and ivituuut reproach worthy to
stand in the nation's history beside Wni. -Mi
Kinley, of Ohio.
Prut Booker T. Washington, of
Tuskegee, Ala., spoke eloquently on
"Solving the Negro Question in tiia
Black Belt of the Sou III." lie said:
The negro problem in the south is fast pass
ing from a question of sentiment into one of
business into one of industrial and commer
cial values. At no time since the scourge of
American slavery beun to tear our country
asunder has any national administrator had
such an opportunity to set in motion forces
that will result in the blotting out of racial
and sectional difterences.
The key to the solution of the race problem
tn the south is in the commercial and indus
trial development of the negro -a development
along this line that shall rest upon the broad
est and highest culture. Friction will disap
pear and the two races in the south will be
as one. one in all their civil and com
mercial relations, just in proportion
as the nogro, by reason or skill
and educaieu brains products something tuat
the white man wants or respect. When a
black man has the best farm to be found in his
county every white man will respect him. A
white man honors the negio that lives in a
two-atory brick house, whether he warns to or
not. When a blacK man is ihe largest tax
payer in a community bis neighbors will not
object very long to his voiing and having his
Tote honestly counted.
I propose that the negro take his position
on the nigh and disputed ground ot geuerosily.
Usefulness, forgiveness, honesty in all things
and that he invite the white man up and oc
cupy this prouud Willi him; if the white luau
in every partol our country cannot accept this
Invitation, we will thus prove that tbe prob
lem ia a white maa' problem rather than a
President D. D. Woodmansee re
sponded to the toast: '"Tue Nation"
Maj. C. F. Dick spoke on "The Work
of tae Las'. Campaign."
MiKiiDS Mary M'Ca!!uui Helleved to Have
Keen Taken to Clevrlan-J.
Cleveland. O., Feb. 13. Mary Mc
Culiom, tlie youug woman whose dis
appearance from lier home in Brook
vilie, lnd., a week ago, caused a sensa
tiou. is probably in Cleveland, ller
father, Thomas McCullom, had a long
couference with Police Superintendent
Two trainmen were present and tiiey
told .he police that the young woman
came to this city. A depot employe
also said that he had seen her and that
she was accompanied by a man about
Ss years old.
DUN'S COMMERCIAL REVIEW.
The Most Important Event of the Week
was the Collapse of tbe Steel Xail Fool
A Decliue of Ton Dollars a Ton Since
December Has Resulted lu Enormous
Orders, Equal to Those of All Last Year.
New York, Feb. 13. K. G. Dun &.
Co. say in tneir weekly review of
No other event of the week ap
proaches in importance the disruption
of the steel rail pool. In two days,
after it a greater tonnage of rails was
probably purchased than the entire
production last year, reported as tjOJ,
000 tons, and instead of S-d in Decem
ber and $25 in January, S17 is now the
price at which works east and west
are seeking orders, the Carnegie Co.,
even selling at 817, Chicago delivery.
The sales will employ many thousand
hands, with an important increase in
the item of track laying or renewals
Even more important is the result
that reconstruction of the billet pool
will be impossible as long as the con
test over rails continues, and the uiau
ufacture of structural forms, bars,
rods, wire nails, tin plates, and many
other products, has a chance to secure
cheap material. In the near future,
also, is the struggle between the two
great companies producing Messaba
iron ore, one allied with the Illinois
Steel Co. and the other with the Car
negie company, which is expected to
bring about lower prices for ore, and
to push many mines to their utmost
capacity. But iu the war of rival in
terests wages are already reduced by
some large concerns.
Another event of influence is the
purchase of 750,000 pieces of print
cloths by il. C. D. Borden, at 2.56
cents, which has already caused an ad
vance to 2 6!l cents, with a stronger
tone for prints and other cotton
goods. The moral influence of
such a purchase, manifesting con
fidence in the future, is apt to
he great. As the contract to shut
down part time many mills producing
print cloths is now going into effect,
the productive capacity and wages
will be for a time reduced, but if a de
mand sullicient to replenish stocks is
started, it may be altogether benefi
cent. The wool industry also means an in
creased demand for new and medium
goods, and a dozen more mills have
started against three stopping lor
various reasons. Speculaliou iu prod
uct has hardly been mure active than
of late, and prices generally teud
Wheat rose a cent to Tuesday, but
has since declined 2.37 cents. West
ern receipts are increasing, but for
two weeks have been only 3,191,305
bushels, against 5,823,213 last year.
While Atlantic exports, llour in
cluded, have been for the week about
a quarter larger than for last year,
and for two weeks 3,Si.",'J(Xj bushels,
against 3,fCS, 1-5 last year. About
every week some new speculative
guess by somebody impresses many
traders more than the current rec
ords of actual movements.
The cotton inurket has becu de
pressed in like manucr by Mr. Elli
son's estimate, that the American crop
would prove H,C50,000 hales, but the
quantity coming into sight has also
surpassed previous guesses, and indi
cates a larger crop than most specu
lators estimated. The curtailmeut of
consumption in the mills is not a
guess, although some over estimate
it,siuce probably not more than a fifth
of the spindles will be stopped a third
of each week for a quarter of the year.
The price declined only au eighth foi
spot, but over a quarter for the May
The mouey market continues easy,
with money accumulating here rap
idly. Kates are not materially
changed, but commercial offerings are
Failures for the past week have been
2U7 iu the United States, against 321
last year, and 61 in Canada, against
67 last year.
GUESSING WENT WRONG.
1'lie Dynamite Cruiser lil Not Attempt
tu itun the Islockade.
Charleston, S. C, Feb. 13. The
battleship Indiana and the dynamite
cruiser Vesuvius arrived off Charles
ton bar Thursday night. Contrary to
all expectations the cruiser made no
effort at all to come into the harbor
or to run the blockade. She came to
anchor near the other ships of the
squadron and is still lying there. The
Indiana had an uneventful trip down
The Newark and the Masssachusetts
are hourly expected to join the fleet.
It is now believed that the actual at
tempt to run the blockade will be
postponed until all of the fleet are
here, though no otlicial information
whatever ou this subject is obtainable.
It was so rough and foggv outside
Thursday night that little work could
be done by the ships and so strong a
sea is runniug off the bar that the
gun practice of the fleet is materially
MEDICAL INSTITUTE BURNED.
One rhysieiau Loses Ills Life and Another
Columbus, O., Feb. 13. A Press spe
cial from Lancaster, O., says the Lan
caster Medical iustitntc burned yes
terday. Dr. Julius Simou, of Jackson,
W. Va., a pailieut, lost his life iu the
dames, aud Dr. J. 11. Bellerman, the
proprietor, was badly, though not fa
BOLD BANK ROBBERY
i;v a Colored Man, Who ot Captured by
SaitsBUUO, Pa., Feb. 13. A bold
daylight bank robbery occurred here
yesterday afternoon. A colored man
entered the First national bank and,
covering Teller Kliugensmith with a
revolver, demanded the money lying
ou the counter. The teller handed
over $500, aud the mau ran ont of the
bank aud through the town, lie was
followed by a posse and captured near
the county line. A few shots were
fired before the mau surrendered.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON.
The Eloquent Alabama Negro Talks oa
the Negro Problem at tbe Republican
League Llneolu Day ISanqaet.
Zanzsville, O., Feb. 14. Booker T.
Washington, principal of the Tuskegee
Normal and Industrial institute,
Tuskegee, Ala., the most brilliant col
ored orator of the south, was one of
:he guests at the Lincoln day banquet
jf the Ohio Republican league Friday
ivening. He spoke to the sentiment:
"Solving the Negro Question in the
Black Beit of the South," and said,
iinong other things:
"The negro problem is passing from a ques
tion of sentiment into one of industrial and
commercial business. Little can be gained
Tor the negro by abuse of the south. Little
can be gained for tbe white man by abuse of
the negro. That negro that loves a white man
is ten-fold greater than a white man who hates
a negro. The key to the solution of the race
problem in the south Is in tbe commercial and
Indu trial development in the negro that
shall rest upon the highest and broadest cul
ture. We have 850 students at Tuskegee from
K stales, 31 Instructors and a
jolony of 1,100 persons. Together with lit
erary training we train In 28 differ
ent industries. Of the 37 buildings all except
three were erected by students. They have
sawea the lumber, made the bricks, done the
masonry, carpentry, plastering, painting and
insmlihlng. The property is now valued at
fcieo.ooo, and is the work ot the students of the
past Id years.
"We have a great object lesson in the civil
ization of the negro, and hope to make it
felt all over the black belt. The negro
was tied to the white taan in slavery
through the bill of sale. In freedom he
must tie himself to the white man through
tbe bonds of commsree and the cultivation
sf the sympathetic good will of his neighbors.
When a black man has the best farm in his
souuty every white man will lespecthim. A
white man honors the negro that lives in a
two-story brick house, whether he wants to or
not. In all history can you find a race that
possessed property, industry und intelligence
that has long been denied its rights? If tbe
possession of these elements do not bring to
the negro every right enjoyed by other citizens
then the Bible and the teachiugs ot the great
Jehovah are wrong."
AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL
Products, Invading the Home Market of
Great Britain, Create Consternation.
Pittsburgh, Pa., Feb. 15. British
makers of iron aud steel products are
alarmed at the invasion of their home
markets by American manufacturers.
It is stated that tin plate bars have
been exported to the Welsh tinned
plate mills for several months and that
some of the tin plates imported ro
cent'.y were made ont of American
steel, Bessemer steel billets have bjen
exported and one Pittsburgh firm is
reportsd to have been recently ship
ping ou an order for 20,000 tons of
billets which have been landed on t!i-j
west coast of Euglaud at a price of 12
shillings below the local price. Other
forms of iron aud steel exported ex
tensively are hardware, mechanical
tools aud various forms of machinery.
Wages in American mills are more
than double the wages paid in En
glish mills for similar work. It is
claimed that the higher cost of labor
in the United States has given to em
ployers a greater incentive to use labor-saving
machinery, and that the
labor cost per ton iu American mills is
so low, as compared with the cost in
England, by reason of the larger out
put per day, that the cost per ton is
actually below what it is at the most
favored mills in Great Britain, and al
most as low as iu Germany.
Taken Suddenly III, Is Sent South by Ills
Chicago, Feb. 14. Much alarm was
created and sensational rumors circu
lated yesterday because Seuator-elcet
Wm. E. Mason suddenly fainted in his
library at home while surrounded by
a group of visitors, mostly politicians
and otlice seekers. Mr. Mason has
been showing the effect of mental and
physical strain occasioned by his sena
torial campaign, aud when he col
lapsed the thirty odd men who
crowded the warm room spread the
story that he had been stricken with
apoplexy or nervous prostration, after
they were hurriedly dismissed from
The unconscious senator was car
ried to his bedroom and Or. A. W.
Gray, who was summoned, quickly re
vived him. The physician advised the
immediate departure of Mr. Mason
southward or the consequences would
be serious. Accordingly, Mr. Mason,
accompanied by members of his fam
ily, left at once for Florida.
for tbe Congress Just Ending the Appro,
priatinns Will Exceed a Million.
Washington. Feb. 13. The follow
ing is pu blished as an approximate esti
mate of the appropriations which will
be made by the present congress:
Post office I 95.61 1.00C
Sundry civil 50.6W.'H
District of Columoia s.&K.U
Military academy 474.0X
Diplomatic and consular .07'i.O
Kortiiicatious 8.17X, Out
Legislative, executive and judicial. 21.60M.U0il
Naval (estimated) 34.ij,o(
Urgent deficiency tfel.lh.
General deiiciency (estimated).... lS.uoo.mK
Total i 4nt.nlH.uuC
Permanentannual appropriations..! 1-U.UUVet
Appropriations, first session 513.s4o.0UC
Grand total for the Fifty-fourth
All the bills reported to the house
at this session carried larger appropri
ations than the year before. In addi
tion to this the senate will add a per
centage of increase to the above fig
ures. Speaker Keed and Mr. Cannon
are consequently said to be disposed
to view the situation with some alarm.
fhe Venezuelan Roondary Treaty Will ba
KatlOed at Caracas.
Washington, Feb. 14. Satisfactory
assurances have been received from
Caracas that the Venezuelan bound
ary treaty has been compeletly ratified.
The government is in a position to as
sert this confidently after the careful
canvass that will be made among its
supporters. The opposition is de
clared to be confined to an insignifl
cantjrainority which has weakened in
stead of gained strength in its effort
to upaet the work of the negotiator.
A REIGN OF TERROR
to the Counties of McMina and Monroe,
Tennessee, Caused by Deeds of Law
lessness by Desperadoes who for Month!
Have Keen Kobblng and Murdering Peo
ple and Destroying Property Portions
of Three States Terrorised.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 14. Al
most a reign of terror prevails in the
adjoining counties of McMinn and
Monroe in east Tennessee. This state
of things has been brought about by
the lawless deeds of several desperate
characters who have been robbing and
murdering people and destroying
property with impunity for mouths.
When pursued in Tennessee, the out
laws cross the line into North Carolina
and, hidden in the almost inaccessible
mountains of Upper Tennessee and
North Carolina, defy arrest. The ring
leader of this desperate band is Kich
ard Derrick, who was arrested last
fall for the murder of United States
Deputy Marshal Lumsteel at White
Cliff Springs, but broke jail at Athens,
Tenn., and has since terrorized the
mountain counties of three states.
They were recently followed by a
posse of Tennessee officers into Ken
tucky. A reward of S'J.000 was of
fered by the North Carolina officers
for Derrick's capture and a price has
been also put on his head in several
Fuel to the fire was added a few
months ago by the fearful stabbing
of Taylor Miller, a prosperous farmer,
by George Jack, since which deadly
feuds resulting in many bloody en
counters have existed between the
Miller and Jack factions. Several
persons have been shot from ambush
and farm houses fired into. As a con
sequence the citizens of McMinn and
Monroe counties have organized into
a vigilance society to protect their
Last night Sheriff Burke left Athens,
the county seat of McMinn, with ten
deputies, heavily armed, in search of
Derrick and his raiders. At a farm
house they were halted by u party of
men with guns concealed behind a
fence. They proved to he farmers on
the lookout for trouble witn some of
the Miller faction, who had threat
ened the owner of the farm house.
People are afraid to leave their hom:s
at night, and most of the farmers gu
A DESPERADO CAPTURED.
ISetrayed by Ills Hrother, Who Says lie
whs ati Unwilling Acvotnpllce to Many
DKJiVKR, Col., Feb. 15. Harry Davis,
a member of a Stratton gang of rob
bers, wanted in North Baltimore, O.,
for the murder of Night Watchman
Joseph Baker, on the 21st of last June,
was arrested here Saturday, having
bueu betrayed by his brother.
Davis was not one of the original
Stratton gang, but was admitted
after the first breaking up of the out
fit by the arrest and imprisonment of
several members. His qualities of
toughness and his experlness in all
kinds of crime led Bob Curry and Doc
Lee, two of the men who had escaped
incarceration for a long period, to pick
They were operating, through Ohio
and oue night tried to rob the post
office at North Baltimore. Discovered
by Oilicer Baker, they killed him in' at
tempting to escape. The three were
taken to the Toledo jail, whence
Lee aud Curry were sent last Decern
ber, to the Ohio penitentiary for life,
but Davis had previously bribed two
of the guards and was allowed to es
cape November 11. Going to Cincin
nati he was joined by his brother Gus,
aud the two went through Tennessee,
Alabama, Texas and into Mexico, theu
back into Arkansas and up into Colo
rado. The brothers arrived here last Mon
day and engaged a room iu Arapahot
Saturday afternoon Gus, who is a j
mere lau oi so, quarrcieti witn iiarrv
aud, fearing violence at the hands oi
his brother, decided to betray him tc
the police, aud lie was promptly placed
The Ohio authorities have been noti
fied of the capture and he will be re
turned to Toledo at an early day.
A BIG JAIL DELIVERY
frustrated by the sheriff on Information
ruruished by a Trusty.
ColA'UBCS, O., Feb. 15. A jail de
livery, by which 65 prisoners confined
in the Franklin county jail here were
to have been liberated yesterday
afternoon, was discovered just in time
to prevent it, through the friendliness
of a trusty prisoner who had been
taken into the plan.
All the prisoners are released from
their cells ou Sunday afternoon and
allowed to go to the chapel on the
third floor. It was arranged that as
soon as they were released yesterday
they should overpower Wm. Suockley,
the turnkey, take his keys, aud, after
letting themselves out, lock him and
Deputy Sheriff Ed Phclan in.
Among the prisoners are some noted
criminals, such as Si Morris, burglar,
the mctnbctfs of the McVey gang of
highway robbers, and J. W. Stiles,
Sheriff Young had a large force of
deputies on hand when the prisoners
were released, and going out on the
balustrade he told the prisoners that
they could uiake their break now if
they wanted to. Jim Anderson, the
leader in the gang, announced that he
was ready to make the break if he
could get anyone to second him.
None volunteered, however.
WENT AFTER DUCKS AGAIN.
The President Spends a Day Among tha
Itlinds Near Wide Water, V:i.
Wins Water, Va.. Feb. IS. The
lighthouse steamer Maple dropped
anchor off Wide Water station,
Bichmond, Fredericksburg & Po
tomac railroad, at 3:30 a. ra.,
with President Cleveland and
Col. Lambert on board. The president
came to shoot dncks from the blinds
off the famous Arkedale farm, three
miles south of Wide Water. The pres
ident and party went immediately to
the blinda and commenced shooting.
PASSENGER SERVICE FIGURES.
Oslaloa of Iowa State Board of Kail
W. W. Field, of Odebolt. president of the
state agricultural society of Iowa, anx
ious to enlighten Its members on the mer
its of the railroad question, sought for
information from the state board of rail
road commissioners as to the average rate
of fare In Iowa; the cost to railroads of
carrying a passenger a mile; how the agri
culturists may ascertain what rate would
be fair to both sides, and asking for the
opinion of the commissioners on the sub
In reply an open letter has been written
by W. W. Ainsworth, secretary of the
commission, sayinj.- in part:
The questions scsaested by you have
recently been considered by the board of
railroad and warehouse commissioner? of
Illinois In response to an inquiry made by
the state grange of that state. Its con
clusion was that it "would be unwise, un
warranted and unjust to the railroad inter
ests of the state to comply with this re
The matters suggested by you have re
ceived our long and careful consideration,
and. unless the questions were presented In
a more formal manner, we doubt the pro
priety of expressing our own opinion with
freedom. We will state some of the more
salient faci3, and these will aid you to form
your own conclusions in the matter.
From the statistics given in the report
of this commission for 18!'5 it appears the
average amount received by the railroads
doing business in Iowa for carrying one
passenger one mile during the year was
The returns from which these results are
obtained do not include any passengers
carried free. The large number of passen
gers who have traveled upon reduc
tions or rates as permitted by our statutes
ministers of the Gospel, organizations of
our military, excursions on holidays, .spe
cial rates to meetings of many organiza
tions, state and county fairs are factors
that reduce the average fare to the amount
above stated. It is obvious, therefore, that
the average must always be lower than th
rate fixed by law. The character of the
business renders it impossible to make any
rate that will be absolutely uniform.
In arriving at the cost of carrying one
passenger one mile, as above given, noth
ing is charged on account of the expenses
of the railroads for interest, rents, taxes
anil miscellaneous fixed charges, and, of
course, nothing for dividends on stock. The
passenger traflic should, of course, bear Its
proportion of these expenses, which con
stitute part of the cost of doing the busi
ness. From statistics compiled by the in
terstate commerce commission It appears
that to charge the rassengcr business of
the railroads with its proportionate share
of the fixed charges, not including anything,
hrnrever, on account of dividends and cred
iting it with mail and trtress earnings,
would give us as the actu.il cost :.57 cents
The statement of the Illinois commis
sion that there has been a general reduc
tion of passenger business is undoubtedly
confirmed by the statistics. For the whele
United States the number of passengers
carried one mile for each mile of railroad
In IS) was 75.TJ1: in 1SS5 It was 6S.57J.
Though the number of passengers carried (
was less, the passenger car mileage-wa s
greater in 1SP3 than in 1S90, which, of course,
increased the cost rer passenger In IK'l
the total number of miles run by passen
ger trains in the United States was
Sj,57i;.80I: In IS95 it was 317.565.G15. In 1SW5
the revenues from passenger service In
the United States decreased $S3,1C3.37S as
compared with though the figures for
:-:: include 2,055.29 miles of road more than
The foregoing statements, which are
based upon the most accurate statistics ob
tainable, at this time indicate:
1. That at the present time the average
fare charged in Iowa is less than the actual
cost of transporting the passenger.
2. That within the last three or four years
passenger earnings have decreased without
a corresponding decrease in the cost of do
ing the business.
Some of the considerations tending
throw light on this subject are the rates
of fare elsewhere, the density of popula
tion, the earnings per mile of road derived
fiom the passenger service, and whether
a decrease in the rates would increase traf
fic so cs to render it practicable to per
form the desired service at the decreased
Unless changes have been recently made
that have not come to the notice of the
commission the following are the rates
prevailing in the countries named:
England First class, 4.2 cents: second,
3.2 cents; third. 2 cents.
France First class, 4 cents; second, S
Cents; third. 2 cents.
Italy First class. 3.C cents; second, 2.J
cents: third, I.S cents.
Holland First class, 3.2 cents; second,
2.! cents: third, 1.6 cents.
Belgium First class, 2.4 cents; second,
1.8 cents; third, 1.2 cents.
Except in England no baggage is carried
free, an-! the accommodations in the small
er foreign countries are in every respect
much interior to those furnished in Amer
ica. The density of population also affects
the volume of passenger trafric. Where the
population isdense there will be more travel
than in sparsely-settled districts. In Iowa
the population per square mile is about ?A'
in England, 541; Belgium, 514; Holland, 250;
Italy, MS: France, 1S7; New York, 129;
Ohio. 3i: New England, S3; Illinois, 75; iiis
scuri. 43: Wisconsin, 34; Nebraska, V;
Kansas, 19; South Dakota, 5.
The population per mile of railroad In
Iowa is about 247, in Illinois It is about 3!i5;
New Ycrk, H3; New England, 719; Mis
souri, 447: Wisconsin. 3v6: Nebraska, 2(9;
Kansas, 10S; South Dakota, 129.
The average passenger earnings per mile,
as shown by the last report to this com
mission, of the roads operating in Iowa are
$!-90. The Kansas report for 1S?5 show
JM4, the Illinois report 11,5X2, and, as shown
by the report of the interstate commerce
commission, they are $4,422 in New Eng
land, $4,513 in New York, and in Ohio $1,951.
It appears frcm the report of this com
mission for 1S95 that the average distance
traveled by each passenger over the Iowa
roads during the current year was 31.12
miles. The average fare therefore paid
ty each passenger was 70.64 cents. If the
fare was two cents a mile the average pas
senger would save 4 cents. Whether and
to what extent this difference would induce
people to travel more than they do now on
account of business, necessity or pleas
are, you can determine for yourself.
Other matters worthy of consideration
In this connection are the present effi
ciency of the passenger service, what ef
fect, if any, a decrease in passenger earn
ings would have upon the passenger service
generally, and especially upon the num
ber and character of the local trains.
It Is evident that as yet the Iowa rail
roads have not Iieen brought up to a pronor
physical condition. With 3cargely an ex
ception, ever:.' line in the state demands
large expenditures, and some of tlrni in
the very n.ar future, for ballast, ties new
steel, changes in grades, double tracks and
WOMAN'S WORLD OF FASHION.
Feathers tiro lavishly used in basr
dressing; also stilt bows of lace em
broidered with iridescent beads or
The divided pompadour Is considered
a very becoming style, and, with the
roft rolls of waved hair on either sKle,
is a pleasing fashion for those whose
face it suits.
There is a steady demand for hosiery
with black ankles and feet and colored
tops. Tbe hose arc for the most part
ribbed, and some of them have ajsea.
Is what everyone should have at this Blood
season Therefore purify and enrich, yon
blood now with a thorough course of
The best In fact the One Trae Blood Partner.
Hood'S PillS eSe18"
Stack to Ills Lines.
An actor, while playing in a small
village, was representing- the part of
a persecuted guardian of an orphan
heir. Of coarse the pursuers are on
his track and bent on killing hira in
order to secure the inheritance. For a
long time he escapes; at length he is
seized and thrown into a room, the
three doors of which are locked and
bolted. On recovering himself he runs
to one door and shakes it. "Locked!"
he cries. He then runs to the second.
"Locked!" He runs to the third, which
opens readily at the first effort. The
actor shuts it again with a bang and
then exclaims in a tone of yet deeper
despair: "Locked!" Thundering ap
plause. London Tit-llits.
l.OO FOR 14 CENTS,
Millions now plant Salzer's seeds,
but millions more should; hence offer:
1 pkg. Bismarck Cucumbers. ...... .15c
1 pkg. Bound Globe Beet 10c
1 pkg. Earliest Carrot JOc
1 pkg. Kaiser Wilhelm Lettuce.... ..13c
1 pkg. Earliest Melon 10c
1 pkg. Giant Yellow Onion. ...... ...15c
1 pkg. 14-Day Kadish 10c
3 pkgs. Brilliant Flower Seeds...... .15c
Now all of above 10 packages, in
cluding our mammoth plant and seed
catalogue, are mailed you free upon
receipt of about 14 cents' postage.
25 pkgs. Earliest Vegetable Seed.. $1.00
1 Brilliant Blooming Plants S1.00
John A. Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse,
"Ta you rectify mistakes here?" asked a
gentleman, as lie stepped into a chemist's.
"Yes, sir, we do, if the jvntient is sti'l alive,"
replied the urbane clerk. (ilasgow Times'.
State op Ohio, Citt or Toledo, t
Licas Cot; sty. (
Frank I. Cheney makes oath that he is the
senior partner of the firm ot K.J. Cheney
& Co.. doing business in the citv of Toledo.
County and State aforesaid, and that said
firm will pay the sunt of tine Hundred Dol
lars for each and everycase of catarrh that
cannot he cured by the use of Hull's Cntnrrn
Cnre. FRAN K J. Cll EXliY.
Sworn to before me antl subscribed in my
presence, this 6th dav of December, A. D.
ISST.. A. W.OLKASOX,
Seal Notary Public.
Ilall'sCatarrhCnre is taken internally and
lets directly on the blond and mucous sur
faces of the svstem. Send for testimonials,
free. F. J. CH EXEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
She "Do you love me for myself alone,
dearest?" lie "Of course, I do. Y'ou don't
suppose I want your mother about all the
time, do you?" Judy.
So-To-Bac for Fifty Centa.
Over 400,000cnred. Why not IctXo-Tc-Bao
regulate or remove your desire lor tobacco?
Saves money, makes health and manhood.
Cure guaranteed, 50c and $1.00, all druggists.
Famous Author (who hps been invited to
dinner, to himself) "What a wretched
menu! I shall take care not to make any
witty'remarks." Fliengende Blatter.
Fits stopped free and permanently cured.
Xo (its after first day's use of Dr.'Kline's
Great Xervc Kestorer. Free $2 trial bottle A
treatise. Dr. Kline, 933 Arch St., Phila., Fa,
Mother (impatiently) "I don't know
what will ever ltecome of that child; noth
ing pleases him." Father (Rerenely) "Well,
we'll make an art critic of him." Tit-Bits.
Any ache, from toothache to backache,
St. Jacobs Oil will cure.
Nothing creates quite as great commotion
its a woman who has lost her pockethook.
What was in it had nothing to do with the
case. Washington Democrat.
A LETTER TO WOMEN
From Mrs. James Corrigaa.
For seventeen years I have suffered.
Periods were so very painful that I
would have to go to the doctor every
He said that I had an enlargement of
the womb, and told my husband that 1
must undergo an
operation, as I had
tumors in the
womb, and it
was a case of
life or death.
I was ope
twice, but it
did not seem
to do me any
good, it made
me very weak.
I was troubled
with the leu
I also suffer
ed with the
ache all the
time, terriblcpain in my left side.ehHls,
loss of appetite, and could not sleep
nights. After taking several bottles of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound, some Liver Pills, and using your
Sanative Wash, I recovered.
I can eat well, and every one that
sees me tells me I am a different per
son. I can do all my own work, sleep
well and feci welL I am growing;
stronger every day, and am able to go
out and enjoy a walk and not feel all
tired out when I return, as I used to. X
doctored for sixteen years, and In all
those years I did not feel as well as I do
at the present time. I wish taat every
woman that is troubled as I was, would
try that medicine. Oh I it Is so good
to feel well, and it is all owing to Mrs,
Pinkham's kind advice and medicine.
Mrs. Jaxu Cobbioajt, 294 Center Si.
'Jamaica Plain, Mau.