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A GREAT STKUCTDEE.
tt Spans the Harlem River at New
Completion of the Kev York C-n-tral'a
ad u laiDwiu Steel
One of the mot remarkable feats of
engineering on record is just com
pleted, aDd tlic passenger entering
i'ew York from the north now rides
over one of the grandest examples of
Bteel railway constructiot. jet accom
plished in this age of marvelous results
in that direction.
Going south, at One Hundred and
Forty-ninth street, the tracks of the
JCew York Central begin to rise gradu
ally, and at One Hundred and Thirty
Fifth street they cross the Harlem river
n the new four-track steel draw
bridge, at an elevation of 24 feet above
This massive structure is remarkable
in beicg the Cist four-track draw
bridge ever constructed, and is the
largest bridge of the kind in the world.
It is 400 feet long and v.eighs II.jiMJ tons.
The draw-bridge is 5S feet C inches wide,
from center to centeruf outride trusses,
and is carried on three very heavy
trusses. Between the centra! and each
of the two side trusses is a clear space of
20 feet, which permits the p:i,-age of
eminent Teasels, the hours named cov
ering the great businesa traffic ia and
out of the city, the important through
trains as well as the principal suburban
trains arriving and departing during
those hours. This will avoid delays,
which have been, at times, very annoy
ing, and permit of much faster service
than could have been maintained under
the old arrangements; and. as speed is
one of the principal factors in travel in
this age, this feature will prove an im
Quite a cumber of the great improve
ments which have recently been made
in the northern part of the city can be
seen from the trains as they pass over
the new viaduct. Among them are
Grant's tomb. St. Luke's hospital and
the buildings of Barnard college and
Columbia college, on Morningside
Heights, and very soon the grand struc
ture of the Cathedral of St. John the Di
vine will be observed. Further north,
and on the west side of the Harlem
river, the now famous speedway is un
der construction and approaching
completfon; the magnificent High
bridge, Washington bridge. McComb's
dam bridge and the viaduct leading to
it from the north are works of art, as
well as of great utility, under which the
trains pass, and on the right may be
seen the buildings of the I'niversity of
the City cf New York. Webb's Sailors
home, and hundreds of other new build
ings cf less importance. North of the
Harlem river, on the Harlem division, is
Bronx park, which is to contain the
FARM AND GARDEN.
STATE OF GOOD ROADS
A, 1 -rkTfT, .... 25Si .-. VV' --r-A
E.ND VIEW OF THE NEW YORK CENTRAL S NEW FOUR-TRACK STEEL
rRAW-BRIIX;E OVER the haklem river at one hundred
AND THIRTY-FIFTH STREE1, GREATER NEW YORK. THE
LARGEST STRUCTURE OF ITS KIND IN THE WORLD.
two sets of double tracks. The floor is
corrugated, and the rails are bolted to it
on steel tie plates. The trusses of the
draw-bridge span are 64 feet high in
the center and 25 feet high at each md.
At the highest part of these trusses is
situated the engine house, which con
tains two oscillating double-cylinder
ngines, which turn the draw and can
be worked together or separately, so
that if one should break down at any
time, the other can do the work.
From One Hundred and Thirty
eighth street south the four new tracks
run over the steel viaduct to One Hun
dred and Tenth street, and thence by
the stone viaduct to One Hundred and
Sixth street, where they strike the level
o the present four-track line.
The work of building this massive
structure, which is here illustrated,
began September 1, 1S93, and hss con
tinued without cessation until now, and
will cost when completed considerably
great botanical gardens and zoological
gardens of Greater New Y'ork, and w ith
in a few years this portion of the city
will offer attractions which will be un
surpassed iu thfir character by any
city in the world.
Greater New York, which is 19 mile
wide by 33 miles long, certainly offers tc
tie tourist and seeker after knowledge
or pleasure more inducements than ant
other American city, and few cities ir
Europe can equal it.
Marked Improvement of New Jersey's
In his annual report just issued, Henry
I. Budd, state commissioner of public
roads in .New Jersey, says: "The state
aid law has stimulated the property
holders of many counties to spend hun
dreds of thousands cf dollars upon
their roads, to meet the state appro
priation." Under this law the state has paid
since 1S1I2 S4CG.595 for the improve
ment of the highways, which, added to
the amounts spent by counties and in
dividuals, makes an aggregate expendi
ture within six years of 51,400,000 for
permanent roads in New Jersey. There
are 20,000 miles of roads in the state,
end about 300 miles of the most fre
quented highways have been improved
peimanently, on modern lines. Tempo
rary improvements are being made in
every county. Many good roads
leagues and associations have been
formed. Through the agitation which
they induce they have brought forth
money and labor from tbeir respective
Smooth, hard roads, beautified by
trees and shrubbery, have developed
under the stimulus of these local
roads leagues. Foot paths and cycle
paths have been created, and tie sp
pearance of various communities have
been so changed that th'-y have be
come attractive centeis of settlement.
"Too much stress cannot be laid upon
the importance of the.e associations,"
j cays Commissioner Budd. "There is no
jiower so useful as that which per-
sundes each and every person or com
j muuity to do their best to help theiu
i selves bv their c.vn labor and contribu
! lions." "
A novel feature of the good roails
i movement in New Jersey is the preposi
' tion to introduce instruction on road
building into the common schools. The
j need of elementary instruction in that
I direction is seen every day. The ttate
I report says: "The ignorance that prc-
vails among the average rural residents
regarding the proper manner of repair
! ing even the common roads shows a
striking necessity for some kind of
j technical instruction, guided by which
our ordinary township authorities wili
be able to make the best use of the
ever-present materials for keeping the
roads in projer repair. In traveling
over the country we often see men re
pairing a miry roadway by throwing
mud from the ditches into the middle
of the roadbed. In all our communities
it is a common practice to scrap the
wornout material, that has been re
peatedly washed from the center of the
road, back into the middle of the road,
only to be again washed out by the rain
I or to be waded through as deep sand.
I Upon our macadam highways there is a
prevailing spirit of neglect; instead of
immediately repairing the little breaks,
i our countv officials leave them until
BRACING FRUIT TREES.
4a Explanation of the Tripod Method aad
In the accompanying sketch, which
represents a nevviy planted tree, ten
feet in height, there is shown one of
the most effective braces that can be
provided for a subject of this size. It
consists of three light oak or other
stakes, about five feet in length, driven
into the soil, tripod-like, each two feet
away from the tree, and with the right
slant to just meet the trunk with the
end. as at a in the engraving. Here
a piece of matting i? wound around the
The Spartaa Vlrtae, Fortltnde,
I severely taxed by dyspepsia. "But "rood
digestion will wait on appetite, and health on
both," when Hostetters Stomach Bitten ia
resorted to by the victim of indigestion.
Heartburn, flatulence, biliousness will cease
tormentingthe gastric region and lirer if this
genial family corrective meets with the fair
trial that a sterling remedy deserves. Use it
regularly, not spasmodically now and then.
It conquers malarial, kidney, nervous and
Appropriate. "What gum do you think I
ought to pnt up in front of my place of busi
ness?" asked a man who had opened a
morgue. " 'Remains to be seen,' " sug
gested the friend who had dropped in.
Miss Dimples "Well. I'm glad to begin
the new rear right." Miss Passav "And I
hate to begin it left." Cleveland Plain I s
Just try a 10e box of Cascarets candy ea
tharticnest liver and bowel regulator made.
Many a boy's first step towards the peni
tentiary was being irregular at school.
The pain of sciatica is cruel. The cure
by St. Jacobs Oil is sure. It penetrates.
Let a lot of men get together, and it is
remarkabie how socn they will go to talk
ing about good things to eat.
When bilious or costive eat a Cascaret,
candy cathartic, cure guaranteed. 10c, 25c.
Some women buy books because they look
pretty in the book case.
5 The papcri are faS
E3 of drains from
Bad feet from frost-bites are made sound
by St. Jacobs Oil. It cures.
First Burglar "Hist! Here comes the
janitor!" Second Burglar "Well, we wiped
our feet, didn't we?" Detroit Journal.
I can recommend Piso's Cure for Con
sumption to sufferers from Asthma. E. D.
Townsend, Ft. Howard, Wis., May 4, 'W.
It comes as natural to a woman to know
dry goods as it does to a man to tvrear.
W ashington Democrat.
hi v ia I
g-nr-j-iMi'1. .'".'Mia Of count
DAUGHTERS OF PRESIDENTS.
Oldest Fresident at the White lionet
Over Half a Ontnry Ago.
There are eight surviving daughters
of presidents of the United States, in
addition to the three of President and
Mrs. Cleveland. Mrs. Letitia TyJer Sem
ple is the eldest of the group and Mrs.
Philip Pendleton Dandridge is the next.
The former is the daughter of Pres-
IV r- ix Vu AVIS- W rv' r Nv.Pitfi?33sw
SIDE VIEW OF THE NEW FOUR-TRACK STEEL DRAW-BRIDGE OVER
THE HARLEM RIVER.
more than $3,000,000. The completion I ident Tyler, and is living in the Louise
of the new work will permit the ojen- home. Washington,- D. C. Mrs. Dan-
ing of all cross streets unaer me ran- j unuge is iae oaugier oi iTe:aent iay-
ior, anu presiaea at most ot ttie wnite
house functions during her father's
brief occupancy a little over a year;
she lives iu Winchester, Ya. The only
surviving daugter of President JoLn
ton, Mrs. Martha Johnsou Patterson,
lives in the old Johnson homestead at
Greenville. Teun. Mrs. Ellen V. Grant
Sartoris. the only daughter of President
Grant, is now living in this country
tiiK-e the death of her husband in
Washington, D. C. The only daughter
of President Hayes. Miss Fanny Hayes,
passes much of the winter in travel,
and spends her summer at the Hayes
homestead in Fremont. O. Mrs. Mary
(iarritld Stanley-Brown, the "little . Moi
iie"of the Garfield family. lives in Wash
ington during the winter and at the
old family homestead in Ohio in the
summer. The only daughter of Presi
dent Arthur, Miss Helen Ilerndo.t Ar
thur, lives in Albany, N. Y., with aii
aunt, aDd spends much time in traveL
Mrs. Mary Hnrrison McKee. the only
daughter of President Harrison, livesat
Saratoga, N. Y and the Cleveland chil
dren, cf course, ire at their borne in
the white house. Ladies' Come Journal.
wav and so permit a perfectly free
passage for street traffic.
One Hundred and Thirty-eighth
etreet, which has become a great thor
oughfare, will be entirely free, as the
trains which heretofore crossed it at
grade will pass over it at an elevation
that will allow street cars and all traf
fic perfect freedom. At One Hundred
and Twenty-fifth street the tracks will
cross the street 14 feet above the level
of the street, and at this point a mag
nificent passenger station is to be built,
extending from One Hundred and
Twenty-fifth to One Hundred and
Twenty-sixth street, under thi four
This improvement will be of immense
value to the entire state in fact, to the
whole country as the bridge, being so
high above the water, will never have to
be opened except when large steamers
or vessels tvith masts are to pass
through: all tugs, cacal boats, barges. :
etc will have ample room to go under
the bridge while it is closed.
The Harlem river, having been de
clared by congress a ship canal, the sec
retary of war bas issued orders that all
tugs and barges shall joint their smoke
stacks and flag-poles, to enable them
to pass under the bridge while it is
closed. He has also ordered that the
bridge ahall not be opened between the
houra of seven and ten o'clock in the
morning, and four and seven in the
afternoon, except for police, fire or fov-(
"Papa, what is a bicycle built for
"Your ntt-thtr, my child. She ride it,
and 1 have lo take tare of it." A. X.
IMPROVED NEW JERSET ROAD,
rods of the stone become unraveled,
necessitating, at times, the expenditure
of several hundred dollars per mile for
repairs, where a few dollars would
have been sufficient."
Education is to conducted along the
lines of draining, and the prevention of
earth and water frcm mixing on the
roadbed; also to give knowledge of the
proper admixture of suitable earth
materials, clay, sand and gravel, in the
proportions that will make an im
pervious roofing and form a perfect
roadway for light traffic. People are to
be taught how to utilize the seashore
shells, and the shales and slates that
abound iu many sections.
Satisfied by the experience of the past
that no system of permanent road build
ing can be uniformly successful unless
fostered by the state. Commissioner
Budd pleads for an annual state appro
priation of $r00,C00. He says: "Such
an appropriation would give to each
county each year a healthy mileage, the
taxation to meet which would not be
burdensome, probably no more on the
average than one-eighth per cent, on
the ratables, and would result in an an
nual expenditure of more than $1,000,
D00 for improved roads, a rate that would
soon place us in a position to attract
millions of capital for investment and
thousands of progressive citizens for
permanent residents. Im
proved highways give new life to the
country through which they pass, as
they are often thronged with bicycles
and other pleasure vehicles."
Interesting phases are developed in
the construction of new roads. For in
stance, Monmouth county is building a
road of bog ore four miles long, and
Salem county is constructing a high
way of oyster shells three miles long.
Atlantic county in 1S9C-97 opens a new-
era in road building, inasmuch as that
county presents the first road in the
state constructed under the state aid
law out of any other material than
stone. Twenty-two miles of gravel
road are being laid from Absecom to
Uammonton, and Camden county will
also build 12 miles of gravel to connect
with the Hammonton road. Burlington
county has begun the construction of a
road of stone two and a half miles long,
with slag foundation.
Here is the motto of the New Jersey
public highways improvement advo
cates: "Good roads decrease taxation, de
crease living expenses, increase prop
erty values, increase farmers' incomes,
increase railroad business, promote
prosperity, promote civilization."
HOW TO STAKE A TREE.
trunk to protect it frord the ends of
the several stakes, which are then se-
cured to the trunk, and to one another
by means of tarred cord or by wire.
Such a tree is held perfectly secure.
Surely it is giving the subject the ra
tional care which is its due in the crisis
i of transplanting.
! To make this lesson of the tree's
i security the more impressive, I show a
I side sketch at b which indicates the
j bad predicament into which newly
! planted trees not rarely get. When I
j say that I have seen unstaked fall
; planted trees literally blown from the
j ground before spring, this present
i sketch need not be looked upon as
j fanciful. It represents, in fact, quite
j a common 6tate. Not only does the
j injury come from a general loosening
i up of the roots and their displacement,
but an opening is made around the
trunk which will fill with water, which
I may cause damage in one of two ways;
I fiist. water that follows readily down
j the root hastens the softening process
of the soil, and further aids the loosen
ing of the roots; second, to have water
stand i:et to the bark, which in case
of sudden freeze up is turned to ice,
ma v. ork serious harm to the bark
The advantages of this tripod method
of staking trees over the single stake
plan are several; first, the tree is held
more firmly in place than is possible
to be done with the use of but one
stake; secondly, these stakes are not
driven into fresh earth, but into that
just outside of the hole that was ex
cavated and filled in during the plant
This method of staking is suited to
trees in almost any situation. In the
street, for instance, by having two of
the stakes enter the soil at tne curb,
and these spread a little farther apart
than the distance to the other stake,
the tree may be brought within a foot
and a half of the curb (and it should
never be closer). It is at once apparent
how easily the tripod may be made
to serve as a tree-guard against horses
and dogs by running wire, held in place
by staples, horizontally from stake to
stake around the tree. The first wire
may be a foot above the ground to ad
mit of the lawn mower passing under
neath; above this they might be three
cr four inches apart.
The plan here illustrated is best suit
ed to trees ranging from six to twelve
feet in height. In the case of trans
planting larger trees (except in the
street) the same plan may be modified
by substituting the use of wire for
the stakes. In that event the stays
may be attached higher up in he tree
than when stakes are used; even among
the branches, say at two-thirds the
height of the tree, provision being of
?oure made for attaching the wires
both in the tree and at the ground. In
the tree two iron half-bands fitted with
L ends and short bolts should be made
to tightly encircle the trunk at the
proper height. To this completed band
the wire stays are attached, extending
to the ground. Here they are made
fast to three stout stakes driven into
the ground at equal distance apart and
some feet away from the tree. Ordi
nary fence wire will answer very well
for the purpose. If the trees are quite
large the wire may be doubled.
Some one may say that the stakes,
wires and the work involve expense.
This is true, but the outlay is a mere
trifle as compared to the cost and value
of the tree. Ellas A. Long, in American
Years of rheumatism have ended with
cere by St. Jacobs Oil. Cures promptly.
"Do you like cabbage?" "Well, I never eat
it, but I smoke it sometimes." Chicago
Slipped and fell: bad sprain. Xevcr
mind. St. Jacobs Oil will cure it.
Generally, those who know the least arc
the ones who are always giving you advice
just for your own good.
Cascarets stimulate liver, kidneys and
bowels. Never sicken, weaken or gripe. 10c.
We have never yet seen a man too poor
to own a gun and a'dog.
Made worse by cold. Xeuralgia needs
St. Jacobs Oil to cure. It cures.
Every man thinks he never was as foolish
as tua boys he sees around hint.
Xew YoiiK. February r. I -37
CATTLE Native Steers S 4 00 Tt 4 fS
8 15 u
4 .V u
4 W it, 12 i
12. u 16
.... It 13
it 9 10
.... ki 4fc
.... U 3l
COTTi X M : . I . I i iu'. . . .
VVHKAT Xc HUrJ
PUUK New Me-.-
Cow and Heifers.
Uikis-KaT to Select
Kar;ey l' KslraUo..
WHEAT Xo KeJ Winter..
C H.'-X. a Mined
O ATs Xo. 2
L-uf Bi;rley .....
HAY -Clear Timothv
BCTTEK Choice Dairy
PuitK Staudanl (Xewj
BACON Clear Ki
LAKD PriUie sieam
CATTLE Native Steers
Hi ;s Fair lo Choice
SHEEP Fair toCnoxe. .. ..
FLOL'H W inter 1'uteuts.
WHEAT Xo. 2 spring
No. 2 iic-d
CORN" -No, 2
OATS NoTS. -
POKK Mes (new i
WHEAT No. 2 Knl
OAT Xo. 2. White IT
FLOrit-HithGrade 4 30
Cl'ltN-No. 2 30
OATS Western ail
HAY Choice . 1 J
F'lltK N-ew Mess
BAC IN Sides
WHEAT-No 2 Ked
COKX No. 2 Mixed
OATjs Nil 2 M:J- d
POI.'K New iirss
BACON Clear l!.b
i.l ui, 3 75
4, 12 2.1
iS, 3 45
lii, 4 Oil
' 60 tt
the heart fails to act
what a man dies,
but "Heart Faitce," so called, nine
times out of ten is caused by Uric
Add in tie blood wfcich the Kidneys
fail to remove, and which corrodes
the hr.irt until it tVcomes unable to
perform its functions.
Health Officers in many cities very
properly refuse to accept "Heart Fail
ure," as a cause of death. It is fre
cpenlly a sign of ignorance in the
physician, or may be given to cover
up the real cause.
A Medicine with 20 Yeas of
J . . Success behind it .
S will remove the poisonous Uric Add
by putting the Kidneys in a healthy
condition so that they will naturally
MAPS OR PLAY1S3 CARDS.
Seed 15cts. in postage
to the undersigned and
you will receive either
a splendidly mounted
map of the UnitedStatea,
or a pack of best quality
U. V. V. AKr.r.KY, Gen. Pass. Agt.
"Burlington Route." St. Louis. M&.
in fta ebrtd Coavt Country. Ctarap and on r
tnutble trrra, frnit. vermaM mnH fltld crop farm,
Grrat pr4Mftlon. Iiirret mnrketi. iNvent
fled crop. Trarrl via Krla- llne frm
Bt Lul ITKor lnari literature, ttp,ucai
ttoartt-ud fult intrmtiun. write
THE AMERICAN LAND COMPANY.
SOS ltlcg., T. IOVIA. MOw
CDCC SHQBTHAII-TTFEWIfTIPS- WflltEWNft-
f nFP e itiorwuzhly taaf&t. SlTTATltjJSS TV mi
i sn trx Mfu Hhitiwl CaiAlnrue
FpE. ldlrrD. UMU8SELMAN,Pr
Got Crrr K lb ism College. QO.SCY. ILL.
I.GCO SALESMEN WANTED
EMJIJKK XTKUKT CO..
. St. M .
Ft for incremw 3. Rejected cla'm reopened.
All Uwi free. 31 yrm. practice. Boccem or do fea.
VI 9VlilcIrrl I, LutlllW Pe. till
CirH. DR.J.L. STEPHENS, LKBAS.iu
nDflDCV5" PISTOTKBT: Kim
WJ V. J 1 1 I quirk n-li.(n rrnrr.worrt
cjm-. bnil for book of l.timofn.1 .nd lllterr
Ireatmil Free Pr.a. H. kUin Mils, ulaia, tit
Stick to the Directions,
if you want to get the most good out of
Pearline. Otherwise, you'll be putting
in too much, and wasting the Pearline,
and calling it expensive. Or you
ivon't put in enough, and so you
won't get as much help from it as
you expected, and you'll have to
do more work. Directions on
every package for hot and cold
water washing, with and without
boilinp;. These simple, easy directions
have revolutionized the work of washing.
ORCHARD AND GAROE.N.
Give young trees good protection and
When not mulched, the winter is a
pood time to manure all kinds of small
In the winter when the ground is
frozen hard is the best time to trans
plant large trees.
.Feed the trees and fruit plants wit o
an application of manure or wood ashes
The demand now is for quality
rather than quantity in all kinds of farsj
products, especially fruits.
Use wood ashes in the orchard or
coal ashes on heavy clay land. Both
are too valuable to be allowed to go ta
There are few if any kinds of frnit
more easily raised or more highly pVized
than the different varieties of rasp
berries. By planting in rows sufficient
ly far apart to cultivate they can be
grown with Tery little trouble. St.
REASONS FOR USING
f Walter Baker & Go.'s
Because it is absolutely pure.
Because it is not made by the so-called Dutch Process in
which chemicals are used.
Because beans f the finest quality are used.
Because it is made by a method which preserves unimpaired
the exquisite natural flavor and odor of the beans.
Because it is the most economical, costing less than one cent
Be sore that jom get the " articte wh by WALTER
BAKER & CO. Ltd., Dorchester. .Haa. Established 1780.
CZii ItHUE all ELSE itMS.
t. TMMUOOO. usa
t Coach arras.
USE NO OTHER THAN YUCATAN.
A. H. K. B
wrat WlmjB T UTUTDUI FUASS
mtam thas jwm mw tiM Him Hi s am Umm