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A Review By the Secretary of State of the
Negotiations Culmlnatinc to the Treaty
A Free and Independent State Seeklng
Aanexatlon to the United State.
Washington, June 18. Accompany
ing the president's message and the Ha
waiian treaty, assent to the senate, waa
the following report from Secretary
To the Prttidrnt:
The undersigned, secretary of state, has the
honor to lay before the president, for submis
sion to the senate, should it be deemed for the
public interest to do so. a treaty signed In the
city of Washington on the lth Inst by the un
dersigned and by the duly empowered repre
wntatives of the Republic of Hawaii, whereby
the islands constituting the said Republic of
Hawaii and all their dependencies are fully and
absolutely ceded to the CDited States of Amer
It does not seem necessary to the present pur
pose of the undersigned to review the incident of
Mtf when a treaty of cession was signed on
February 14 and submitted to the senate, being
subsequently withdrawn by the president on
tne wn oi March following. The negotiation
which has culminated In the treaty now sub
mitted has not been a mere resumption of the
negotiation of 1893, but was initiated and has
been conducted upon independent lines. Then
an abrupt revolutionary movement had brought
about the dethronement of the late queen, and
set up, instead of the heretofore titulary mon
archy, a provisional government for the con
trol and management of public affairs and the
protection c. the public peace, such govern
ment to exist only until terms of union with,
the United States should have been negotiated
and agreed upon.
Thus self-constituted. Its promoters claimed
for it only a de facto existence until the purpose
of annexation in which It took rise should be
accomplished. As time passed and the plan of
union with the United States became an uncer
tain contingency, the organization of the
Hawaiian commonwealth underwent necessary
changes; the temporary character of its first
government gave place to a permanent scheme
under a constitution framed by the representa
tives of the electors of -the Islands, administra
tion by an executive council, not by suffrage,
but self-appointed, succeeded by an elective
and parliamentary regime; and the ability of
the new government to hold as the Repub
lic of Hawaii an Independent place in the
family of sovereign states, preserving
order at home and fulfilling international
obligations abroad, has been put to the
proof. Recognized by the powers of the earth,
sending any receiving envoys, enforcing respect
for the law, and maintaining peace within its
island borders, Hawaii sends to the United
States, not a commission representing a suc
cessful revolution, but the accredited plenipo
tentiary of a constituted and firmly-established
sovereign state. However sufficient may have
been the authority of the commissioners with
whom this government treated in 193, and
however satisfied the president may have then
been of their power to offer the domain of the
Hawaiian islands to the United Stales, the fact
remains that what they then tendered was a
territory rather than established government,
a country whose administration bad been cast
down by a bloodless but complete revolution,
and a community in a state of political transi
tion. Now, however, the Republic of Hawaii ap
proaches the United States as an equal, and
points for its authority to that provision of
article 33 of the constitution promulgated July
"The president, with the approval of the
cabinet, is hereby expressly authorized and
empowered to make a treaty of political or com
mercial union between the Republic of Hawaii
and the United States of America, subject to
the ratification of the senate."
The present negotiation is, therefore, as has
been said, not a mere renewal of the tender of
Hawaiian territory in l!-93, but has responded
to the purpose declared in the Hawaiian con
stitution, and the conference of the plenipoten
tiaries have been directed to weighing the ad'
vantages of tho political and the commercial
union alternative proposed here relatively
considering the scope and extent thereof. It
soon appeared to the negotiators that a purely
commercial union on the lines of the Ger
man Zollverein could not satisfy the prob
lems of the administration in Hawaii and of
the political association between the islands
and the United States. Such a commercial
union would, on the one hand, deprive the
Hawaiian government of Its chief source of
revenue from customs duties by placing its ter
ritory in a relation of free exchange with the
territory of the United States, its main market
of purchrse and supply, while on the other hand
it wouldTntail upon Hawaii the maintenance
of an internal revenue system on a par with
that or the United States, or else involve the
organization of a corresponding branch of our
revenue service within a foreign Jurisdiction.
We have had with Hawaii since 1875 a treaty of
commercial union which practically assimi
lates the two territories with regard to many of
their most important productions, and excludes
ether nations from enjoyment of its privileges;
yet, although that treaty has outlived other less
favored reciprocity schemes, its permanency
has at times been gravely imperiled. Under
such circumstances, to enter upon the radical
experiment of a complete commercial union be
tween Hawaii and the United States, as inde
pendently sovereign, without assurance of
permanency and with perpetual subjection to
the vicissitudes of public sentiment in the two
countries, was not to be thought of.
Turning then to the various practical forms
of political union, the several phases of a pro
tectorate, an offensive and defensive alliance
and a national guarantee were passed in view.
In all these the independence of the subordi
nated state is the distinguished feature and
with it the assumption by the paramount state
of responsibility, without domain. The dis
parity of the relative Interests and the distance
separating the two countries could not fail to
render any form of protective association either
unduly burdensome or illusory in its benefits,
ao far as the protecting state is concern-d.
while any attempt to counteract this by tribu
tary dependence or a measure of -Incor-trol
would be a retrograde move'
feudal or colonial establishm'
pedlcnt and incompatible T
There remained, thereto
the islands and their cor
the pollcal system of tr
only solution satisfy'
tions and promisin
benefits. The pre
on this basis, ti
the original pr
merit. As t
foreign nations snd the extension to the Island
of the treaties of the United States. This
leaves congress free to deal with such especial
regulation of the contract labor system of ths
islands as circumstances may require. There
being no general provision of existing statutes
to prescribe the form of government for newly
Incorporated territory, it was necessary to stip
ulate, as in the dominican precedent, for con
tinuing the existing machinery of the govern
ment and laws in the Hawaiian islands imtil
provisions shall be made by law for the govern
ment, as territory of the United Stats. of th
domain thus Incorporated into the Union; but.,
having in view the peculiar status created in
Hawaii by laws enacted in execution of treaties
heretofore concluded between Hawaii and other
countries, only such Hawaiian iaws are thus
provisionally continued as shall not be incom
patible with the constitution or the laws of the
United States, or with the provisions of this
It will be noticed that express stipulation is
made prohibiting the coming of Chinese labor
ers from Hawaiian islands to any other part of
our national territory. This provision was
proper and necessary, in view of the Chinesa
exclusion acts, and it behooved the negotiators
to see to it that this treaty, which ;in turn is to
become in due constitutional course a supreme
law of the land, shall not alter or amend exist
ing law in this mot important regard.
Department of State. Washington, D. C. Jut
In Council at St. Paul, Mlna. Congrega.
tloas Adopted and Committer Klrcted.
St. Paul, Minn. June 18. The con
ference of the United Norwegian Lu
theran church was held to-day at the
Swedish Lutheran church. Ths fol
lowing congregations were adopted by
Immanuel congregation, Sutton'a
Bay, Mich.; St. Paul congregation. Nor
man. county Minn.; Our Saviourjs con
gregation. Republic county, Kan.. Deer
Creek congregation, Furnas county.
Neb.; Zion's congregation, Carreston,
S. D.; Big Stone congregation, Clinton,
Minn.; (ilea Flora, Ulen Flora. Minn.
The different committees werj elect
ed, and consisted of the following mem
bers: President's Report Rev. T. II.Ejrger.
Madison, Wis.; Rev. II. C. Holm, Eagle
Grove, la.; Rev. K. O. Eidhal, New
hope, Wis.; E. 1$. Jorlee. Xorthwood;
II. O. Berg, Ruseford. Minn.
Secretary's report Rev. E. A.
Wright, Wigdahl, Minn.; Rev. O. M.
Savig, Wiouta, Wis.; Rev. E. T. Rogne,
Austin, Minn.; Mr. Elleuy Ellcnxsou,
Treasurer's and board of trustees'
report Prof. Y. T. Yetterboe. North
field, Minn.; C. A. Larden, Fargo, X.
D.; Rev. I. M. Dahl, Rntna, la.; ). O.
Norduold, Zumbrota, Minn.; Iv. As
serson, St. Augur, la.
Educational Institutional Report
Prof. Thomas N. Mohn, Northfield,
Minn.; Rev. Saetherlie. Osakis. Minn.;
Rev. II. O. Fjclstad, Granite Falls,
Minn.; Mr. Schauberg, Langboro,
Minn.; Mr.Stangeland, Eagle Grove. Ia.
The important question: "Our Mis
sions; What They Are; What We Have
Done and What We Can Do for Thera,"
MRS. NETTIE CRAVENS
Again on the Stand, but No New Evidence
San Francisco, June 19. Mrs. Nettie
Cravens spent another day upon the
witness stand yesterday, but in spite
of the efforts of her counsel in that
direction, she was not permitted to tell
the whole story .of her relations with
the late Senator Fair, the court hold
ing that she could only be cross-examined
at this time upon such matters as
had been brought out by the plaintiffs
attorneys, by whom she had been
called as a witness against herself.
Consequently the same straw which
had been threshed out time and again
since the case came to trial was again
gone over without any other apparent
result than the wasting of much val
TO SECURE UNIFORM LAWS.
Resolutions Adopted by the American
Detroit, Mich., June 19. The
American Fisheries association at yes
terday's session, adopted a resolution
authorizing the chairman to appoint
one representative member of the
society in each state bordering on the
great lakes to form a commission to
bring about if possible enactment of
uniform fishing laws in all the lake
Papers were read on "Vertical Dis
tribution of Lower Plants and Animals
in Inland Lakes," by Prof. Birge; on
"The Fish Food Supply in Fresh Water
Lakes by Prof. Reighart, of Ann Ar
bor, and other papers on technical sub
jects were read and discu"" "
Omaha was -mc"
WATCH YOUR CALVES.
Feed Them Well to Obtain Si
tory ICesnlts Quickly.
The calf's foot is golden now. Calves
which went Ijegying for buyero a few
years ago are now worth ten dollars
almost us soon us they are dropped.
There is a great shortage of feeding
steers all over the corn and grass states.
This shortage is temporarily supplied
by the enormous importations from
every point in the country. It is, how
ever, only a shifting of cattle from one
poiut to another, and there is no addi
tion made to the cattle stock by such a
movement, except to the extent that
they come from Canada, and even this
is no real addition, for the reason that
the beef from these cattle is supplied
ii the United States instead of Canada,
and has no effect whatever on the beef
markets of the world. Any increase
of cattle stock must come through the
growing of calves, and the farmer has
a dead sure market at a profitable price
for his calves for a year or two to come.
Hence, the calf should be watched not
for the sake of watching and thinking
of the pleasing prospect of a good price,
but for the purpose of securing as much
thrifty growth and as good a form as
possible, for the better the form the
higher the price per pound it will bring,
and the larger the calf the greater num
ber of pounds there is to sell at a price
fixed by the quality. How to feed that
culf to produce the best results is out
of the important questions just now
Here, as in everything else, it pays tt
take lessons from nature. Dame Na
ture feeds the ctlf often, feeds the milk
sweet and feeds it warm. The calf that
has a bellyful of cold milk in the morn
ing and another at night, with no drink
during the day, mid is exposed to the
hot sun, will not bring a big price.
Nature feeds the calf a balanced ra
tion. If it is fed skim-milk that ratior
is unbalanced by the withdrawal of tin
butter fat, and this must be supplied ii:
some way. The cheapest substitute foi
the first few weeks is a jelly made b
boiling oil meal. After the first three
or four weeks oat meal should be sub
stituted gradually, and corn meal as
gradually substituted, in part at lea.st
for the oats. Corn at 12 cents per bush
el, and oats at the same price, wili
furnish the proper balance at a inilil:
lower rate than butter fat. There are t
thousand little things in connectioi.
with calf growing that can be Icai nn,
only by experience, but the man who
observes, thinks, reads and practices
will ery soon catch on and become aa
expert. There is a very solid bottom
under this business now, and the farm
er that has astiainof native cattle com
bining milk and beef forms is the man
who can fill the demand to the best ad
vantage. Journal of Agriculture.
FOR BREACHY BULLS.
A Preventive That Has Never Fnlleil
to En'eet n Care.
For the benefit of those who may
have breachy bulls or other kind ol
cattle that throw the fence, I will state
what I have found to be a good pre
ventive, and I have hud one of the
worst animals I ever saw to experiment
I had a ring, something like the no
RING FOR BREACHT CATTLE.
eompanying cut, made of one-fourth
Inch iron, 3 inches wide. I attached
a short piece of trace chain to each skis
of the ring where holes are shown,
crossed the chains over the animal'i
nose, and fastened them to opposite
horns close to the head, making the
chain as tight as the animal can stand
It without pain. When the animal put
his nose against the fence the chair,
rolls or presses to one side, giving the
animal instant pain in the nose. One
or two attempts to throw the fence
after this ring is on will satisfy lii
and he will stay whe .
McCoy, i- "
- - -jihj mm tiMi t M J"gejaBWweaapwMsweaa
THE NEGRO IN DEMERARA.
Sleeps All Day and Dances and Sinn's
. The negro has undoubtedly a very
ttrojig inclination to sleep in the day
and to spend the night in gossip, danc
ing or singing. On this account lie is
often a nuisance to his neighbors, es
pecially when he is awake. As his home
is nothing more than a single room about
eight feet square, the funeral party is
conducted in the open yard. Here con
gregate 50 to 100 people, who begin the
entertainment with hymns, going on
after midnight to songs and games and
often winding up toward morning with
a free fight. Then there is the cumfoo
dance, one of the finest institutions in
the world for producing nightmare.
Two men beat drums with their hands,
the one instrument producing a turn
tum and the other a rattle-rattle, al
most without intermission during the
whole night. At intervals of about a
minute the- party utters a weird cry in
some African language which startles
you as you lie in bed vainly trying to
sleep. As hour after hour passes your
house appears to vibrate, the bed shakes
and your spine feels as if made of loose
segments. How can the drummers
keep this up for ten hours? And the
dancers? With the latter exhaustion
alternates with the renewal of the
orgy; one set falls down and another
takes its place. This and other dances
are connected with obeah, the witch
cult of the African.
Every negro and most of the colored
people have an innate fear of the obeah
man, however they may deny it to the
whites. One of the latest developments
of this superstition was brought to my
notice a short time ago in connection
with a cricket match. The East Coast
Invincibles and the Admiral Creolians
were to play a match, and from a lew
words dropped by the captain of the
latter it appears that he was sure of vic
tory to his side because a notable obeah
man had oiled their bat. Saturday Ke
HE DIDN'T CO.
$noliblah AmbnNMAdor Rebuffed
an American Woman.
There isa diplomat in this town of the
very highest rank whose keen percep
tion of the niceties of official life leads
his friends to suspect that he might, if
put to it, tell a camel from a clothes line
at a single glance. He recently received
an invitation to dine at a private house.
This dinner, he was told, was given in
honor of a certain high official of the
United States. He accepted promptly
enough. About 24 hours before the
dinner was to come off he must have
been seized with a horrible suspicion
that behind the invitation lurked a deep
and wicked plot to compromise his dig
nity as the representativeof tier majesty,
the queen of Timbuctoo, for forthwith
he sat down and wrote a note to inquire
of Us prospective hostess whether if he
came he would be accorded precedence
before the United States official re
The hostess replied, with a spirit that
tloes honor to her as an American and a
lad-, that this dinner was given in hon
or of an American official, was in no
sense official, and she could, under no
circumstances, concede precedence to
the representative of the queen of Tim
buctoo. "Then I shan't play," replied the dip
lomat, or words to that effect.
"And little I care, answered the
Thus the dinner was eaten, without
the envoy from Timbuctoo, and if any
indigestion resulted therefrom the
hostess and her American guest of hon
or were not the victims of it. Washing
Fortirnes from Gambling;.
The reigning grand duke of T
burg, admittedly one of th
sovereigns in Europe, is 1
the major part of his
percentage paid to h:
of the public gam'
baderr. the cn
. KVjJf.VA 1 v & w'
Am Od Oealaa.
The papers are full of tales just now of
how the late composer, Brahms, treated
pianists and singers who were eager to get
his criticism. It one of these aspirants for
his favor was fortunate enough to find him
at home and be received, Brahms' first con
cern was to seat himself on the fid of his
piano, a position from which he rightly
deemed few would have the temerity to
oust him. If this failed he had recourse to
the statement that the instrument was out
of tune. "Oh, that does not matter," re
marked one courageous individual. "Per
haps not to you, but it does to me," replied
the master. On one occasion he was just
leaving his house when a long-haired youth,
with a bundle of music under his arm, "hailed
him wfth: "Can von tell me where Dr.
Brahms lives?" "Certainly," answered the
master, in the most amiable manner; "in
this house up three flights," and so saying
he hurried away. San Francisco Argonaut.
Summer Tours Via Bis Four Ronte,
To the Mountains, Lakes and Seashore.
Special Low Rates will be in effect to Put-in-Bav.
Islands of Lake Erie, Lake Chautau
qua, Niagara Falls, Thousand Islands, St.
Lawrence River, Adirondacks, Lake George,
New England Resorts, New York and Bos
ton. To the Great Lakes, Cleveland, San
dusky, Toledo, Detroit, Benton Harbor, Mt.
Clemens, Mackinac and Michigan Resorts.
To the Northwest and West via St. Louis
rod Chicago. For rates, routes, time of
trains and full particulars apply to any
agent "Big Four," or address E. O. McCor
mick, Passenger Traffic Manager "Big
Four," Cincinnati, O.
His Banker. "That boy of mine has an
inordinate craving for money." "Takes
after his father? "Yes, he always does
when the craving comes on." Cleveland
Young Spendthrift "I didn't get you
any birthday present, dad thought you'd
rather keep the money." Tit-Bits.
Ere the Farewell la Spoken
On the deck of the steamer, or on hoard the
train that is to bear you away from those
dear to you, you will, if you are wise, have
safely stowed away in your luggage a suffi
cient supply of that safeguard against ill
I'ess Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. Com
mercial travelers, tourists and pioneer emi
grants concur in testifying to the fortifying
and saving properties of the great tonic.
Use for constipation, biliousness, malarial
and kidney complaints and nervousness.
People who say they cannot write a
plain hand because they are so nervous, talk
as if they expected to be believed. Wash
Shake Into Your Shoes
Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder for the feet.
It cures painful, swollen, smarting feet and
instantly takes the sting out of corns and
bunions. It's the greatest comfort discovery
of the age. Allen's Foot-Ease makes tight or
new shoes feel easy. It is a certain cure for
sweating, callous, hot, tired, aching feet.
Try it to-day. Sold by all druggists and
shoe stores, 25c. Trial package FREE.
Write to Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy, N. Y.
"I took a tramp in the woods yesterday
said Miss Frocks to the new arrival at D
Park. "Did you ? Oh, well, I suppose
men are so scarce that even a tramp is
ter than nothing." Life.
Interesting illustrated booklets
ing to Massaehusetts Seashore, Ocee
and Inland Resorts, are issued by
senger defiartment of the Fall B
the famous route between New
Boston.Newport, Cape Cod, Ma
yard, Nantucket, Bar Harbor.
Mountains, etc., etc., etc. List
lets will be mailed upon rr
cent stamp. Address O. H.
Pass'r Agent, Fall River L:
She "Did you run 80
friends in town today?
wasn't in town on my
We have not been
Consumption for 21
Camp St., Harrisb
If there's on
some people liv
, , richest
.'Ine to the
-A- H - I
Sf too- rfOl fcw?
WOMEN! D02iT WATT.
If You Have Any of These Symp
toms Aot at Once.
Do yon know the reason why yon will
go to the hospital, my poor friend?
Because yon have allowed yourself
to go from bad to worse. You did noa
know that that heat, swelling and ten
derness in your left side were all sign
of congestion of the ovary.
Any intelligent woman could have
told yon that congestion is fata to Vi
an ovary I
ed leads I
to tumor I
in awful I
yon will nave
to undergo the operation of ovariotomy,,
the cutting out of the ovary.
Yes, you will recover, at least I hope
you will; hut you will never he quite
the same woman again. Congestion ol"
the ovaries is fatal to health. If yoo
have any such symptoms be advised
in time ; take a medicine of specifle
powersl You can find none better
than Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound, prepared especially to meet,
the needs of woman's sexual systemv
Yon can get it at any good druggist's.
Following we publish a letter from
a woman in Milwaukee, which relatee
how she was cured of ovarian trouble:
" Dear Mrs. Pinkham: I suffered with
congestion of the ovaries and inflamma
tion of the womb. I had been trouble '
with suppressed and painful mens'
tion from a girl. The doctor"
the ovaries would have to v
I took treatment two
an operation, but s"
erable health in
pectin g to -coming
" "" fir '
& VL V iW ill