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WOESE I'HAN SIBERIA.
Americans Have No license to
TCh Contract Convict Camp of Georgia a
Foul Blot Upon Oar Civilization
Got. Atkinson Will Take Ac
tion In the Blatter.
St. fiOUis, Aug. 21. A special to the
St. Louis Republic from Atlanta, Ga.,
The special commission which Got.
Atkinson appointed last spring1 to in
vestigate the condition of the convict
camps in Georgia made a report Fri
day which astounded not only the gov
ernor, but even those members of the
legislature who thought that such an
investigation was needed.
It declares that the convict camps of
lUt-stale are worse than Siberia, and
its Endings show a condition so horri
ble, revolting and inhuman as to be
almost beyond belief.
It deliberately charges that the con
victs in the misdemeanor camps, most
of whom are leased by the state to pri
vate contractors, have been handled
without mercy by their keepers. The
report accuses the contractors of rob
bing the convicts of the time the state
allows to them for good behavior; of
forcing them to work from 14 to 30
hours a day; of failing to provide them
with clothes, shoes and beds; of giving
them no heat in winter; of forcing
scores of them to sleep shackled in
single, boarded-up rooms; of giving
them rotted food, and of failing to care
for the sick.
Instances are quoted showing the
horrible treatmeut of women and exact
names, times and places are affixed tc
a charge that men were actually beaten
to death by the brutal guards for fail
ing to comply with insignificant regu
lations. The report says that in most of the
tamps the men are provided with but
ode suit of convict clothes, which they
are compelled to wear the year round.
In the matter of food, it says that on
the return of the convicts from 16
hours' continuous work they are given
-chunks of raw beef and horse, which
they have to cook on little fires while
hhackled together on the grouud.
In the matter of buildings, the re
port is no less severe. In the Glynn
county camp the commission found 61
men sleeping in a room 18 feet square
and sevi-o feet from floor to ceiling,
with uo window in it, and absolutely
no means of means of ventilating.
Most of the camps had neither bunks
nor mattresses. The couvicts were
compelled to sleep on the grouud. The
death rate in one camp was one in
our. In the others it averaired about
one in seven.
Men and women of both colors were
forced to sleep together in outhouses,
and women were compelled to don
men's clothes and work in the ditches
with the men.
The report's description of the treat
ment of women is unprintable. In one
camp the commission found 1 colored
men and a white woman quartered in
a. barn with cows, and with a guauo
store-room above them.
In the Pulaski county camp the
guards had beaten a convict to death
aud buried him with his stripes and
shackles on. In another case the com
mission tells of an 18-year-old negress j
named Lizzie Boatwright, with an- j
other young woman, being stripped j
naked in the presence of the men and :
Kulnected to treatment that is inde-!
scritiabie. The exact language of the
report in another case is as follows:
"The facts in the murder case afa inst
Guard Cannon as sworn to before the
commission are these:
"Cannon whipped the aged negro a
number of times, and so unmercifully
that, almost uuconscious and helpless, j
the old man looked up from the ground,
where he lay, and asked: 'Boss, is you
gwine to kill me?' Cannon angrily re
plied: 'Yes, , I am.' The negro
then begged to be shot aud spared fur
ther tortures. After the last whipping
Canuon dragged him to a tree and
chained him up so that he could not lie
down. Half an hour later, when the
gang got back, he was dead."
The report quotes in full the state
ment of Dr. John Hill, of Washington,
who performed an autopsy on the old
negro. It is a detailed statement,
showing that the man was beaten lit
erally to a pulp before his tortured
soul left his torn and bleeding bod I.
In conclusion, the report says: "God
n1y knows just how badly the convict
camps need reform."
Gov. Atkinson will report the matter
to the legislature at once with a red-hot
message, and there is no doubt tiiat
prosecutions will follow. The report
Bays that the contractors leasing con
victs have grown rich during their 23
year lease, and have built up a trem n
dous influence, but it is doubtful if this
will stand in the way of aroused public
Vive Hundred Dollars for the Capture of
the National Park Stage Robbers.
CiiBVENNB, Wyo., Aug. 2L United
fttatcs Marshal McDerinott was ad
vised by the attorney general to-day to
double the amount of the reward of
fered yesterday by the department of
justice for the capture of the stage
robbers in the National park. Five
hundred dollars will now be paid for
the arrest and conviction of the hold--tps.
THE SANTA FE HOLDUP.
Kobbors Located and Ar.-ea Soon to Fol
low. Kansas Crrr, Mo., Aug. 551. A spe
cial to the Star from t-'uthrie, Okla.,
"United States Marshal Nagle said
yesterday that the bandits who 'held
up aud attempted to rob the Santa Fe
passenger train near EJmoiid, have
been located and that arrests will fol
low as soon as certain additional evi
dence is secured. The robbers are said
to be Cklahomians, aud regular clesDer
WORLD'S GRAIN CROPS.
'yninir of Advices Beeelved by thi
Agricultural Department Deficiency In
the Koropean Crop The Aggregate Con
tribution to the European Supply Will
be Materially Curtailed by the Drought
and Beaultant Famine In India.
Washington, Aug. 2L Advices to
the agricultural department from pri
vate and. indirectly, official sources,
confirm the predictions of a consider
able deficiency in the European wheat
crop, while rye, which is the chief
bread grain of eastern Europe, ia
also short This fact, a special
report of Statistician Hyde of the
department says, as well as the
wheat deficiency, will tend to restrict
the exportation of the latter from those
European countries which usually have
a surplus of that grain. As to non
European countries other than the
United States, their aggregate con
tribution to the European supply will
be materially affected by the fact that
India, denuded by the famine, will
have practically no wheat to export.
Agricultural conditions in foreign
GliEAT BlUTAIN AXD IRELAND.
Returns from every county In England and
from many districts ia Wales, Scotland and
Ireland, published by the Agricultural Gazette,
July 2P. indicate the wheat crop would be con
siderable, oats and potatoes in a less decree,
and barley only slightly below the average.
Hay was largely, peas considerably and beans
somewhat above. Barley had suffered an un
favorable change in quality: and as part of It
will be unflt for malting purposes, the returns,
which make it nearly an average crop, must
apparently be somewhat discounted.
Wheat harvest began in some of the southern
and south m.dland counties during the week
ended July 31, and was progressing favorably
up to the end of the month, but taking the
country as a whole, the bulk of the crop is har
vested in August. The different cereals were
ripening more nearly together than usual.
Conservative commercial estimates put the
wheat crop as low as 100.000.0tw hectolitres,
making it about one-seventh lesi than
the heavy crop of 183ft. Reports up to near the
end of July represent that the weather was un
favorable for harvesting, and espjcially In the
north. So fur as the harvest has yet advanced
the results are said to be far more satisfactory,
both as to quantity and quality, and do not tend
to encourage any expectation that the crop will
exceed the lower estimates.
An official report, dated July IS, in whicl
the figure "I" denoted superior, "2" good
and "3" middling condition, puts wintei
wheat at 2.3, rye at 2.4. barley at 2.7, oats at 3,
potatoes at 2.7 and hay at 2.4. Thus none of the
leading cereals are rated as 'good." Accord
ing to a report from Hamburg, rain was sadls
interfering with harvesting. Barley was look
ing well, but the wet weather menaced
its quality. The United States consul at
Bremen reported indications that there would
not be more than half the usual apple, pear and
plum crops in northern Germany tuis year.
Advices from Nicolaiefl, of July 25, report an
average yield of wheat, but the quality of spr.ng
wheat had suffered from hot weather, and much
of it would be light. Rye was un
satisfactory in quality and quantity
Barley was unsatisfactory in yield, but
its color had suffered from the rains. Othei
mail advices from Russia spsak unfavorablj
regarding tae wheat an 1 rye crops, tne recent
great heat having caus -d premature ripening.
Prices of whe it at Vienna are reported to be
the highest In ten years, and foreign wheat is
being importe d The weather is wet.
The yield of wheat is reported as satisfactory,
but that of rye deficient.
The weather in the latter part of July was
somewhat unfavorable for harvesting.
Advices from Copenhagen, dated July 27,
stated that rye had suffered from storms, bul
wjeat was a fair average crop, and barley good;
The wheat crop is described as "very disap
pointing." and parcels of new irrain received ii
London are said to show irregular and verj
According to reports for near the end of July
the wheat crop had suiTered seriously fruit
Crop prospects wre improved by rains ir
mum districts, but in llomoay and Punjab muob
more rain was needed.
Crop prospects in Victoria had been improved
by rain and. according to latest mail advices,
were fairly gooX
Telegraphic reports to London represent thi
weather as O-'in f.ivjraulu for the crops.
wlias. Krey llil Been Ithbiilff the Pacldtt
Express Co Fourteen Years.
St. Louis. Aug. 2L Charles Krey,
S3 years of age, for 19 years a trusted
employe of the Pacific and U ted
States Express companies in this city,
has been arrested, eliarged with grand
larceny aud embezzlement.
Krey was transfer money clerk, and
in that capacity handled large sums of
money every day. He was trusted im
plicitly. Two warrants were issued
against Krey, that for embezzlement
names the amount at S1.U47.83. The
grand larceny warrant charge is S4,
500.30. Krey confessed his peculation to
Supt. Luther A. Fuller, in charge oi
the express offices, which are main
tained jointly, lie explained that he
commenced to take money nearly four
teen years ago. lie was never sus
pected of wrong until proof of hi?
crime came suddenly upon him.
An Indiana Town Burned.
Indianapolis, tnd.. Aug. 31. Stew
arts vi lie, Posey county, lost its entire
business section yesterday be fire.
Nine business houses lost buildings
aud stocks. The total loss is $1(0,000,
with S10.000 insurance. The heaviest
loser was Henry Demberger, dry goods.
The public hall aud Odd Fellows'
building were partially destroyed.
The residences also burned.
And Soon to bs Built Leading to the
Northern Gold Field.
Sax Fbaxcisco, Aug. 2L A special
correspondent of the Bulletin writing
from Juneau, Alaska, under date oi
August 11, says that railroad communi
cation between Juneau and Dawson
Will bo one of the things of the near
futuit. Next spring '.,000 men will be
at work and the road will probably be
completed before next fall.
The proposed road is to start from
the head of steamboat navigation ii
Takn rivar and ran to Lake Lealin
The United States Minister to the
Charged with an Important Message If
Spain Doea Not Speedily Pnt Down the
Rebellion in Cuba the United State
'Will Intervene Gen. Grant Idea.
Washington, Aug. 21.- Officials ot
the state department were very reti
cent yesterday when asked concerning
a report in circulation that definite in
structions had been given all our for
eign ambassadors and ministers tc
European countries to sound and as
certain the attitude of European goT
ernments in case the United States
should interfere in Cuba. While gen
eral denials were made by some ol
them, others intimated that the United
States was ready to assume the posi
tion taken by Gen. Grant in 1874, as
shown by the instructions of Secretary
Fish to Minister Cu'shing.
Although it never appeared that these
instructions were carried out, and there
is no knowledge what Spain would hav e
done in the premises, it is possible that
Minister Woodford will have a different
report to make.
It can be stated, on information re
ceived, here that there is no truth in the
report that Lord Salisbury has sent an
unfavorable answer to a suggestion
that the United States would interfere,
the fact being that he has not replied at
all to the attempt of our ambassador to
sound him on the subject, and that his
attitude gives reason to believe he will
not oppose such action as our interests
may make neccessary.
Minister Woodford's instructions are
to intimate to Spain that the United
States will intervene unless the situa
sion in Cuba speadily improves. This,
in effect, was the instructions which
were given Mr. Cushing by Mr. Fish,
and, it is understood, that the attitude
of the United States is almost identical
with the position taken during Gen.
Grant's administration. Then, as
now, the good offices of the United
States had been tendered to Spain to
bring about a settlement of the war.
"But," said Secretary Fish, "the well
intended proffers of the United States
were unwisely rejected by Spain."
The secretary reviewed the situation,
which presents many similar phases to
that which exists now. President
Grant, said the secretary, regarded in
dependence as the only certain and
necessary solution of the Cuban ques
tion. The attitude of the present ad
ministration is said to be on the same
lines, and it is said Minister Woodford
will make it clear to the Spanish au
thorities that our interests will make
intervent-ou by the United States im
perative unless something is done
speedily by Spain to improve the situa
tion, disastrous as it is to our country.
A TERRIBLE SMASHUP.
A Dozen Persons Injured In a Collision Be.
tween a Freight ami Passenger Train.
Toledo, O., Aug. 21. A special to
the Commercial from Lima, O., says:
A terrible sinasliup occurred here at
10:30 last night at the junction of the
Lima Northern and Lake Erie fc West
ern railroads in tiie eastern portion of
the city. A Lake Erie freight crashed
into a Lima Northern passenger train,
larryiiig a large number of excursion
ists on their return from Toledo, the
traiu being a special excursion given
by a tea store of this city.
The Lake Erie engine was knocked
off the track and badly demolished anc
two coaches of the Lima Northern
were overturned, badly injuring a
large number of Lima's pro iiincnt peo
pie. lielief trains hurried in the injured,
all physicians being pressed into serv
ice. Neither train stopped at the junc
tion, the Lake Erie engine dashing
into the second coach, overturning it.
It was filled with passengers. Tlu en
gine was sent into a wheat field 50 feet
from the track.
Che Asftassin of Senor Cmiovas del Castillo
Pais the Forfeit or 111 Crime.
San Sebastian, Aug. 2X Michel
Angiolilii, who shot and killed Senot
Cauovas del Castillo, the premier of
Spain, at the baths of Santa Aguera,
on Sunday, August 8, was garroted at
11 a. in., according to the sentence of
the court-martial imposed upou him
on Monday last after his trial on the
previous Sunday, which sentence was
confirmed by the supreme council of
Angiolilii heard calmly the news that
he was to be executed to-day, but he
appeared to be surprised at and bit
terly complained of the frequent visits
of the priests, declaring they would
obtain notiiing from him. He de
clined to enter the chapel, saying he
was comfortable enough in his celL
An executioner from Bourges per
formed the garroting, just prior to
which a priest exhorted the anarchist
to repent, to which Angiolilii re
sponded: "Since you canuot get me
out of prison, leave me in peace. L
myself, will settle with God."
ARTHUR B. CONNELLY DEAD
Was for Sixteen Years Chief or Police ol
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. stl. Arthur B.
Connelly, for 1G years chief of police ol
Atlanta, died at his home in this city
at 4 a. in., after a long illness. Ue began
his career on the force as a patrol
man, rose to be captaia, and was
finally elected chief, which post ha
held through eight successive terms,
until hi3 death, lie was a prominent
member of the National Association oJ
Police Criefs, and known throughou
the co-" m aa able official
DUN'S COMMERCIAL REVIEW, j
The Host Encouraging Reports for Man
Years, Showing an Uniform Improve
mentThe Coal Strike, the Only Impedi
ment to a Fnlt Resumption of HaaineM,
Show Sign of an Early Collapse.
New York, Aug. 2L R. G. Dun &
Co. in their weekly review of trade
Not for several years have the tele
graphic reports from various cities in
all parts of the country been as en
couraging or show as uniform improve
ment as this week. The markets are
called crazy by some, but fairly repre
sent the people whose confidence in the
future is strong and increasing. Noth
ing appears to check it
The demand for money improves,
taking from New York to the interior
about $500,000 more than was received
during the week, and offerings of com
mercial loans are much larger, includ
ing considerable iron and steel paper,
and the course of foreign exchange is
generally in terpreted as an indication
that specie imports cannot be long de
layed. The greatest gain has been for agri
cultural products. Corn has advanced
a little in price, but is moving very
largely, so that the last year's surplus
may soon be marketed unless the new
crop turns out better than many now
expect. Cotton declined an eighth be
cause of an estimate promising the
largest crop ever grown, but the dry
goods market is decidedly improving
and some of the large mills, after a
few weeks of suspension, have resumed
Other farm products are doing well
also, but wheat has advanced 11
cents for the week on actual transac
tions, with heavy purchases for export
Western receipts for the week were
3.844,544 bushels, against 3,874,775 last
year and for three weeks 11,340,267
bushels against 10,097,137 last year,
while Atlantic exports are about
double last year's. 3.705.2S7 bushels,
against 1,80S,347 last year; and for
three weeks, 9,819,818, against 5,102,601
last year, flour included for both
It is well to notice that corn exports
continue more than double last year
also, in three weeks 8,516,544 bushels,
against 4,119,241 last year.
The iron and steel industry is push
ing forward in spite of the still un
settled strike of bituminous coal min
ers and the enormous purchases of ore
at Cleveland, and also of billets at
Pittsburgh,show the utmost confidence
in the future. Many additional estab
lishments have begun working during
the past week and while no material
change in price has occurred, the re
ports indicate fewer concessions to se
cure business and a much steadier
The sales of ore at Cleveland have
amounted in two weeks 400,000 or 500,
000 tons, and of billets sales reported
at Pittsburgh have been in three
weeks about 3J0.000 tons. Tin is firmer,
with full consumption and there is
larger business iu copper.
The old difficulty remains in the
boot and shoe industry, dealers being
unwilling to buy largely at the prices
which manufacturers now ask, though
during the past week the only chauge
has been a slight advance on calf
The market for hides at Chicago is
again much stronger, prices having ad
vanced with very narrow transactions.
In the woolen business a constant, in
crease appears in the number of estab
lishments at work aud the demand for
goods has much increased.
Failures for the week have been 223
in the United States, against 2S9 last
year; and 30 in Canada against 27 last
Che Event Celebrated on tlie Min.ieapoll
Produce Exchange by a tfautl.
Minneapolis, Aug. 20. Cash wheat
to-day sold at a dollar in Minneapo
lis, tiie tirst time since the summer of
IS'.U. Predictions to-day were that
futures would follow within a few
:lays, iu view of the advance of s x
cents to-day. On thj chamber of com
merce lloor, there was a shout of ex
peetency from tiie pit as the price ap
proached a dollar. The market was
strong, opening three cents higher
than yesterday's close, supported by
strong foreign news and bullish north
The price of cash wheat had just
passed the dollar point, when from
dowu the hallway came the sound of
martial music. There was a rusli for
the door, and the crowd broke into a
cheer as up the corridor came C. A.
Pillsbury at the head of a band of mu
sic which was pounding out a dollar
memorial march. Mr. Pillsbury led
his band through the doorway and
onto the floor, while hats went up and
cheers proclaimed the entire satisfac
tion with which a majority received
the news of dollar wheat.
The market whirled away and very
few attempted to keep up with it.
The advance was steady from the
openirg. At one time over six cents
gain from yesterday was realized and
September wheat closed in Minneapo
lis 5 cents higher than yesterday,
and December closed a full six cents
September wheat opened Zli cents
higher this morning at cents,
dropped to 88 cents and advanced to
Jl cents, closing at 91 cents,
against 853 cents yesterday. Decem
ber opened at 84 cents and closjd at 90
to 90 cents, against 84 cents yester
day. GREAT BRITAIN AND MEXICO.
Treaty Relating to the U or the tVaten
of Belize by Mexico.'
Washington, Aug. 2t. The text of a
new treaty between Great Britain and
Mexico relating to the Mexican use ol
the waters of Belize, the British col
ony of Central America, has been re
ceived here. It was concluded by Sir
Henry Neville Deering and Senor
Mariscal on August 3, and grants in
perpetuity to the merchant vessels oi
Mexico .bsolute liberty of navigation
of the waters of the British posses
sions in that locality.
Rapidly Tending to Extermination mt the
Seal Herds Result of the Latest Investi
gation by the Joint . Commission Ap
pointed by the British, American and
Canadian Government Cruel Slaughter.
Portland, Ore., Aug. 23. Dr. David
Starr Jordan, commissioner-in-chief of
the fur seal investigations, with George
A. Clark, secretary of the commission,
arrived in Seattle on the revenue cut
ter Rush, and passed through Portland
yesterday en route for San Francisco.
The party left Unalaska on the morn
ing of August 3. Dr. Jordan reports the
satisfactory completion of the sum
mer's investigation by the two commis
sioners. Mr. Macoun, the Canadian commis
sioner, had already left the Pribyloff
islands, and the British commissioner.
Prof. Thompson, was about to leave on
U. M. S. Amphion.
Mr. Lucas, of the American commis
sion, remained for a week or ten days,
and will go direct to San Francisco on
the Del Norte. Dr. Jordan said, speak
ing directly regarding the result of his
The breeding grounds show a shrinkage ot
about 15 per cent, over the conditions ot last
season; the hunting grounds a shrinkage ot S3
per cent. This is about what was predicted by
the American commission last year, and the
conclusions are fully vindicated in all impor
The primary cause of shrinkage of females
on the breeding grounds is the pelagic catch
of last (all and this spring. To this is added
the loss due to starvation of orphaned pups in
18W. which should this vear have lived to irive
birth to their first pups. This starvation ia I
1CSH, affecting, as it did, in like measure the
male herd, is the cause of the diminution of
killable seals on the hunting grounds.
The decline of the herd is everywhere more
distinctly marked than It was last year, owing
to the effects of the resumption of pelagic kill
ing in Behring sea after tae modus Vivendi ot
isai For leitt the shrinkage will be still
greater, through the destruction, in 1894, of un
born pups with impregnated females killed.
Thus the evil effects of pelagic sealing in any
year are still more clearly felt three and four
years after. Even if pelagic scaling should be
stopped at once the decline of the herd must
go on until after 1W0 because of the after effect,
due to the destruction of nursing and unborn
The pelagic fleet in Behring sea numbers
about 2 vessels, against 68 last year. The re
ported catches are unprolitable. No seizures
have been made.
The only new fact discovered this year has
been that a parasitic worm infesting the sandy
rookery areas is the cause of a large part of the
early mortality among pups, which was
ascribed in a general way last year to tram
pling. The early mortality, as a whole, shows a de
crease relative to the decreased number of ani
mals Branding of young female seals, which will
be begun after September 1, will be carried on
by Col. Murray, cuief agent on the islands, and
Mr. E. K. Farmer, electrician. The skins ot
the branded cows returned this year to the is
lands show clearly the permanency of the mark
aud its ellicieney to render the skin unsaleable
wituout injury to the animal or to the herd.
Branding has the same effect on the fur s ml
herd that branding calves or saearing sheep
has on those classes ot animals. The idea tnat
the seals might be driven away by branding is
The catch of the schooner from the Japanese
coast, reported to have taken branded skins
there, was examined in Unalaslta by Capt.
Hooper and no such skins were founJ, nor
were any branded skins kniwn to have been
taken on the Asiatic coast. The seals fre
quenting this coast are a distinct species.
The salt lagoon on SL Paul island has been
fenced, and the males too young to be killed
this year will be herded there until the close of
A NEW INNOVATION.
To lse Petroleum for Fuel for Torpedo
Washington, Aug. 23. The secre
tary of the navy has ordered Lieut.
Nathan Sargent to proceed at once to
the oil fields of Pennsylvania, where
he will make a careful investigation of
the various grades of petroleum pro- .
dueed in that region with a view to its
use as fuel for marine engines. Upon
the conclusion of this work he will re- :
port to the authorities in charge of
the Newport torpedo station, and
plans will be drawn up for an oil
engine which will be placed in one of I
the new torpedo boats now being j
built by the lierushoifs. This will bs i
the firot attempt to use petroleum as
fuel for the torpedo fleet, but from the
success that has been attained with !
this motive force in swift steam
launches owned by private parties, !
both here aud abroad, the navy depart-
ruent looks very favorably on the ex- !
perimenL Some of the ad vantages ex- j
peeled from the new fuel are economy
of machine space, and conse
quently great fuel carrying capacity;
in the cost of fuel and the ability to
develop extremely high steam pres
sure under forced draught. The plans ;
for the new engine are not yet laid, I
and will depend largely on the report ;
on the various grades of petroleum ut i
command. It is possible that with this j
innovation in iuei win oe comoinea
the use of the steam turbine engine
whose success in the English torpedo
boat Turbina has been a decided epoch
in the development of these fleet de
LAST FOR THE SEASON.
The Last Boat From California for tat
Alaska Gold Field This Tear.
San Francisco, Aug. 23. The last
expedition this year from California
for the Alaska gold fields will leave
here on August 25. The steamer Na
varro has been charted by the Cali
fornia Alaska Navigation & Commer
cial Co., and will tow the river
steamer Thomas Dwyer to the mouth
of the Yukon river. The Navarro will
have accommodations for 75 passen
gers, and the managers of the expedi
tion calculate on reaching Dawson
City in about 33 days. Two physicians
will accompany the expedition to look
f ter the health of the prospectors.
THE SPANISH PREMIER.
Ue Proclaims Hlmvelf the Head of the
Government, Hat a Party Leader.
San Sebastian, Aug. 22. Gen. Azcar
raga, the premier, and minister of war,
has decided to convoke the cortes
in November. The premier an
nounces that he is in accord with
Gen. Weyler, but he reserves the right
to make a farther examination of the
In conclusion the premier proclaims
himself as being the head of the gov
ernment, and not the leader of any
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
The trap- locks of New Jersey wmI
t& dolerttes of States Island are the
strongest stones in the United States,
their crushing resistance being 24,000
pounds to the cubic inch.
There are certain varieties of moun
tain plants which have a singular pro
vision of nature for perpetuating their
6pecies. The duration of summer in
those elevated regions is too short to
permit of the ripening of the seeds, and
the top buds fall off and take root as)
would the seeds.
A chameleon from the Cape of Good
Hope was seen by Mr. Blakiston to turn
white with fear, haviirgbeen saved front
the attacks of a cat. . The most extraor
e!iuary thing about this lizard is the
wonderful way in which the two eyes
work quite independently of each other
and "enable it to survey comfortably
cbjects in quite opposite directions."
Some recently tabulated statistics
quoted in a scientific journal show the
relation between one's gas bill and the
choice of adecoratingcolor. According
to these figures, the different values of
fabrics and finishes in the way of light
needs are in the following proportion:
Black cloth, 100 candle power; dark
brown paper, 87; b'ue paper, 72; clean
yellow paint. 60; dirty wood, 86; clean
wood, 60; cartridge paper 20.
Nature provides a series of hooks on
the front edge of the hind wings of in
sects, each hook fitting into a groove
on the hind edge of a front wing. The
front and hind wings are thus fastened
together on each side while the insect
is flying and are unfastened at other
times. This explains why you have oc
casionally noticed one of the specie
flying, apparently with two wings, a no!
have seen him display fonrnpon alight
ing. It is asserted, though we do net
know the authority on which the asser
tion is based, that our senses fall asleep
in a definite order. First the eyelids
close, and the sense of sight is lost,
then the sense of taste follows, and
after that smell, hearing and touch go
in the order named. Touch is said to be
the lightest sleeper of all, and the first
to be aroused. The reader who is curi
ous about such things might test the ac
curacy of these statements by experi
ments with his friends.
DANGER IN GETTING SHAVED.
Barbera Oaght to Wash Their Hand
and Their Implements.
The proposition to make a more care
ful man of the tonsorial artist, in so
far as relates to the transmission of dis
ease from his infected to his well
clients, is not a new one. The subject
has been written upon by several ear
nest men before Heic rich Berger,whose
"Hygiene in den Barbierstuben" re
cently appeared in Leipzig. No writer
has, however, seemed to go so deeply
into the question and lay down such
strict rules for the knight of the shav
ing knife. We are told that he must be
a person free from epilepsy and all man
ner of seizures, drunkenness and infec
Being free from these affections him
self, he may give professional attention
to all persons, including those under
the influence, or those likely to have a
fit In the chair, provided they are free
from skin, hair and sexua! diseases of
an infectious nature. Otherwise they
ere to be treated at home with their
own implements. The author gives a
number of other rules which are in
themselves and so far as they go good
if barbers could be prevailed upon to
follow them but he does not sufficient
ly insist upon the necessity of boiling
to the point of sterilization his instru
ments, towels, sponges and especially
his own hands.
There are many things besides the
oo-called barber's itch which may be
transmitted in uncleanly shaving and
hairdressing, and of which the public
knows littie or nothing. Favus is de
cidedly on the increase in this coun
try, and the number of children turned
away from the cities' schools for this
cause since the inspection innovation
went into effect would greatly sur
prise those who think of favus as
European or foreign affection.
Attention has recently been called by
a member of the New York Dermatolog
ical society to the danger of the ep
ilating tweezers used in barber shops.
Ingrowing hairs and those attended by
suppurative inflammation, as in syco
c!s, are extracted, and the next comer is
operated upon without adequate and
usually without any cleansing at all
of the instrument. Certain rules should
be adopted, if possible, by barbers in
general to protect their patrons from
dangers which are more real than im
aginary. Above all, they should remem
ber that scrupulous cleanliness of Im
plements and hands is the first requi
site, and the advice now being given to
surgeons to "boil their hands" applies
almost equally to them. At the least
they could give a little wash between
each "next for the mere sake of ap
pearance and in the interest of busi
ness. If for nothing else. Medical
Cream Can dr.
To make cream candy place over the
fire a vessel containing two large enp
fuls of granulated sugar and half a
dozen tablespoonfuls of water. Let
the mixture boil until, when a little of
the sirup is dropped Into a cupful of
cold water. It will harden. The moment
It will do this add two teaspoonfuls of
cream of tartar. Then turn into a but
tered dish, and when cool enough to
hnndle with the hands pull it until
it is white, cut into short lengths and
set away to get cold. N. Y. Tribune.
To Prepare Bam.
Try ham fixed this way once and see
If you do not like it: Slice the ham for
broiling and put it to soak over night
in buttermilk, or if you have no butter
milk sweet milk is a fair substitute.
Lift out of the milk bath and rinse in
cold water and then wiped dry on
clean towel. Broil or fry as usual. Chi