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THE FARMING WORLD.
LETTUCE IN POTS. ,
s. Method of Forcing That Has Drca
Practiced with Success.
The method of forcing lettuce in pott
may be of interest to those who grow
lettuce under glass either in the ama
teur way or as a commercial product.
The preparation of soil for lettuce
should not be too heavy. It should be
composed of three parts by measure
9f loam, -tne of manure and one of sand.
Ths seed is sown in boxes about 12
by 10 inches and three inches deep, or
on the bench. Benches are six inches
deep, the lower three inches being1
filled with well-rotted manure, and the
upper three inches with potted soil pre
pared as described above.' ...
When the plants are about two inches
high they are transplanted to two-inch
pots. The benches are filled with soil,
in which the pots containing the let
tuce are plunged, so that the tops of the
pots are covered with about half an
Inch of soil. A little drainage material
Is put in the bottom of each pot. The
plants are usually set on the benches
.bout ten inches apart each way. The
LETTUCE GROWN IN A POT.
roots soon fill the pot and grow out into
the soil of the bench through the drain
age hole in the bottom of the pot. l!e
ing thus buried in the soil the little pots
do not dry out as rapidly as they would
do were they exposed to the air.
The moment a pot is removed from
the bench another may be set in its
place without waiting to clear the
bench, or any portion of it, of the rest
of the lettuce. The method thus proves
economical, both of time and space.
Grocers and other retail dealers readi
ly appreciate the advantage of having
lettuce grown in this way. It permits
them to keep the lettuce on hand for a
considerable length of time and stiil
present it to their customers crisp,
fresh and attractive, instead of wilted
When the plant is ready for market
it may be knocked out of the pot and
the ball of earth and roots undisturbed
may be wrapped sungly in old paper
The earth will thus keep moist for a
long time and furnish moisture to the
plants through the roots which are im
bedded in it. Local customers may be
supplied with lettuce in the pots, and
the pots returned after the plants are
taken from them.
While the subject of forcing is thus
under consideration, a few bints on the
care of a crop may not be amiss. (1.)
The temperature should be kept down
to from 50 to 60 degrees during the day
and from 45 to 50 degrees during the
night. Plant lice become more trouble
some in a high temperature. (2.) As
much ventilation should be given as
possible, but still keep the temperature
within the range mentioned. (3.) So
far as possible water only on bright.
sunny days, preferably early in the
The varieties of cabbage lettuce ar
Big Boston, Salamander, Drumhead,
Henderson's New York (curled). Golden
Ball (dwarf). Golden Queen (dwarf)
The variety of loose heads are Grand
Rapids (curled), Hanson (curled). New
Iceberg (curled). Prize Head (curled),
Ella M. Hess, in N. Y. Tribune.
ALL AROUND THE DAIRY.
A dirty milker will injure the flavor
of the butter.
Milk that is drawn in an unventilated
table cannot escape taint.
Let plenty of fresh air into the churn
after it is used and cleaned.
Boiling, and not warm, water should
be used in cleaning the churn.
Bran and shorts should be bought a!
once. They will not be lower.
The patron should do his full part
to make the creamery a success.
Whistle when you milk, if you can
whistle well. The cow likes music.
If your butter is only fit for the cou n
try store barrel, don't make butter to
The dairy barn ought to be a con
venient structure, built so as to save
steps and labor.
The cow that eats a good deal give
good deal of milk, as a rule. Feed
ber all she will eat.
The little things, such as brushing
on the cow before milking and mak
ing her contented, are what pays in the
dairy. Western Plowman.
Harvesting; Weedy Potatoes.
That sins of neglect will follow
a man until he is duly punished is never
more conclusively proven than when
the neglected potato field comes to be
harvested. Not only is the crop greatly'
lessened, but the labor or harvesting
bas been increased. As a matter of
fact, the farmer who can and does keep
his potatoes free from weeds saves la
bor by the operation. Sooner or later
the weeds have to be uprooted. It costs
less to do this while they are small. If
done then the yield of marketable tu
bers is so much increased and the ex
pense of harvesting is decreased, to
that it really costs less to harvest a
large crop kept free from weeds than
to harvest a crop failure made so be
cause overrun with weeds.
OLD FRUIT TREES.
! Is the Best Season In Wnlck
.to Renovate Them.
In the fall is one of the best times
to begin renovating trees that have
been neglected and are not too old. In
I majority of cases feeble growing and
unhealthy trees are as a rule the re
sult of starvation, bad soil or unfavor
able conditions. In many cases remed
ial treatment will convert into turilty,
One of the surest signs of debility in
a tree is the pushing cut of adventi
tious growths from the truu-.s and
main branches, and the dving off year
j by year of the small, twiggy, terminal
When the land has been seeded to
grass for a considerable time and es
pecially when no manure has been ap
plied, trees will begin to show sigus of
Plowing the ground in good season in
the falU giving the trees a good prun
ing, and then before severe cold weather
sets in applying a good dressing of ma
nure; scattering broadcast as far out
under tne trees as the branches extend.
When the tree is healthy the top is
luxuriant, but if the tree gets weak or
old the top makes but little grow th if
it does not die.
In pruning all of the dead or decay
ing limbs should be cut out. and suf
ficient growth to leave an open head.
In many cases proper pruning and ma
nuring will be all that is necessary to
revive a reasonably young tree. When
a tree is dying of old age very little
can be doue to sustain the lowering
la some cases trees are unthrifty for
want of proper drainage. If water
stands around t!ie roots the tree will
not make a healthy growth and provid
ing proper drainage is, of course, the
A iittle needed work in the orchard
done in good season in the fall will
often mane an orchard that has been
in a great sense a failure, a source of
profit. N. J. Shepherd, in Farmer's
Working; Convicts on Roads.
North Carohua's system of working
convicts on the roads has, it is alleged,
rid the state of tramps, as well r.s proved
profitable to all who use the roads. The
late law gives magistrates the option
of sentfrcics- prisoners to rut id-Dividing.
How to ;ron the Toothsome I-'uiikI in.
!laK!it or 1Eo.in.
Mushroom growing in summer re
quires as indispensable conditions a
cool, moist atmosphere and a dark p!::ce
from which Hies may be excluded. The
breeding of maggots in the mushrooms.
rs soon as summer weather begins, ren
ters the culture unprovable under or
dinary conditions. A cool, dark under
ground cellar, however, may be used for
mushrooms, and the basketful depict
ed in the cut, reproduced from the Lon
don Gardening Illustrated, was grown
under these conditions. The basket
was filled with prepared manure, firm
ly packed, mounded up in the center.
covered with loam, and then spawned
like an ordinary bed. Amateurs grow
ing mushrooms in small quantities
MUSHROOMS GROWN IN BASKETS.
would find baskets or boxes very con
venient for handling and an economy of
space. The general treatment is the
same when grown in ordinary beds.
About four years ago, scientific at
tention was given, for the first time,
to a very distinct variety of mushroom
raised for market by a Long Island
grower, who found it especially suitable
to summer culture This mushroom,
Agaricus subrufescens Peck, was rather
coarser in appearance" than the variety
ordinarily grown (Agaricus campestris)
and different in color, the gills being of
a rusty-reddish tint. The new mush
room proved to be of au excellent qual
ity, a heavy yielder and very easily
grown, flourishing in open frames out
side. The only drawback to its cul
ture was the fact that many purchasers
objected to its unfamiliar appearance,
(earing that it might be an unwhole
some variety. Rural New Yorker.
Don't Blame the Weather.
Don't blame the wet season for the
condition of many of your roads. See
tha jour candidates for local offices
favor good roads, and then supply them
with the information that will enable
them to know how to get and keep
them. Most people are all at sea on
these subjects. The heavy rains of
the summer have given startling object
lessons to road-builders and superin
tendents in some sections of the coun
try. Roads that were nearly flat and
which lacked proper drainage were
swept over by the water. In somespots
the surface was torn away; in others it
was covered with stones and earth.
This did not happen where roads were
suitably crowned and drained. L. A
GraTltr Creaming; la Kansas.
Gravity creaming in the private dairy
,oses more fat than most farmers dream
of. If ice is used at once after milking
to reduce the water round the cans to
about 40 degreesTahrenheit the fat will
rise, leaving not more than one-fifth of
one per cent., and if the water is at CO
degrees or above one per cent, or mors
will be left in the skim milk. This one
cr lucre per cent, is a third or a half of
all the fat in the milk. This suggests
the putting up of ice by the private
dairyman. The climate of Kansas pro
vides for this and is a greater boon than
Own the best dairy implement.
A sew pocket-inhaler is shaped like a
watch and- has two outlets, fitted with
screw stoppers and filled with an ab
sorbent material, to be saturated with
the medicament. A semi-circul3r ther
mometer is set in the front of the case
end tubes are provided by w hich medi
cal vapors may be applied to any part of
For the purpose of agingliquors arti
ficially a Kentucky man bas invented
an apparatus by means of which the
liquor, after being-placed in an air-tight
receptacle, is brought to a temperature
of about 145 degrees and then cooled to
the freezing point of water by means cf
a refrigerant gas which is forced
through the pipes of the receptacle.
To accurately determine the duration
of dyeing, cooking, photographic
printing, etc., a new clock Is set in a
frame to suspend trays ovr the vessel
used. The material to be treated is
placed in the tray and held in the bath
until the proper time has elapsed, when
the clock releases a sprrog, which winds
np a cord on a shaft and lifts the tray.
Pneumatic tires can be kept inflated
even when punctured by a new auto
matic pump, which is mounted on the
rim of the wheel, and has a piston rod
running through the valve and attached
to a plate inside the tire to be depressed
and operate the pump at every revolu
tion, the length of the piston stroke
varying as -the tire is hard or soft.
A single overhead wire is used todrive
the cars on a double-track road by
means of a new trolley-pole consisting
of a base set in the roof of theear to sup
port the pole ct an angle with the roof.
The other end of the pole carries a
vertical contact rod. having rotatable
disks at the top and bottom to guide
it on the wire, w ith a projection oi the
inurr pole to allow the outer pole to
slide over it when the cas pass each
One of the newest governors for
steam engines is mounted in the infer
ior of a casing on the steam pipe and is
composed of a shaft iournaled in the
casirg. with a spiral flange on one end
to cause the shaft to revolve as the
steam parses thronch the pipe. A
J yole is attached to the shaft at one end
I and fastened to a sliding collar at the
! other end. w ith a weight in the center
I to -spring outward as thshaft revolves
nr.d regulate the size of the steam inlet.
FACTS' AND FIGURES.
It. is estimated that Australia, con
tains nearly 7,000 species of plants r-.ot
Glass was early known. Glars beais
were found on the bodies of mummies
over 3,000 years old.
The distance of the earth from the
sun is about 3.000.000 miles less ia De
cember than it is in June.
The Bible was writtcd by degrees
during a period of 1.G00 years. It was
anciently called "the Books," but for
the past 700 years the "Bible."
Quinine is made from Peruvian bark
the outer part of a medicinal plant
called cinchona. It was so named
from the wife of Count Cinchon, of
Peru, in the seventh century, who, by
its use, was cure of intermittent fever.
The scent of the camel for water ia
paid to be very keen. He can smell it
a great way off, and oftentimes the
travelers who ore suffering for water
will let the camel take his own way,
and he will take them to a place where
wctcr may be found.
The eyes of bees are made to see great
distances. When absent from their
hive they go up in the air until they
6ee their home, and then fly toward it
In a straight line and with great speed.
The shortest line between two places ia
sometimes called a "bee-line."
If any one were to undertake to walk,
one way only, through the streets of
London, he would be obliged to go a
distance of 2.C00 miles, or as far as it
Is across the American continent from
New York to Saa Francisco. This will
give an idea of the distance one would
have to go to sec thoroughly eveu the
greatest part of the city of London- -the
largest city in the world.
The Jucklins, dramatized for Stnart
Bobson, comes out in a German edition
& 1 OIS
New York, October 28. 1W.
."ATTLK Native Steers ( 4 10 fat 5 10
FLOUK Winter W neat. 3 15
WHEAT No. S lied
COHN No. 2
FORK Ne Mess. 9 23
BKEVKS Steers IS
Cows and Heifers.. 2 SO
CA LVES (per 100 lbs) 5 00
HOUS Fair to Select S 40
SHKEP Fair to Choice 2 73
FLOUB Patents 4 80
Clear and Straiifht.. 4 10
WHEAT No. 2 Red Winter
CORN No. 2 Mixed
OATS No. 2 - 9
KYE No. 2 42 to
Leaf Burley 4 50
HAY-Clear Timothy 7 00
BUTTER Choice Dairy W
POHK -Standard (new)
BACON Clear Rib
LARD Prime Steam
."ATTLE Native Steers 4 00
HOGS Fair to Choice S 25
SH E EP Fair to 'oice. 2 25
FLOUR Winter Patents 4 80
Serine Patents 4 SO
WHEAT No. 2 Spring
No. 2 Red (new) 5Vi'4
CORN No. 2 to
OATS Xo. 2
PORK Mess (new) 7 75 to
CATTLE Native Steer 4 00 Q
HOGS All Ur-irtei 3 40 is
WHEAT No. Z Hard tCHto
OATS No. 2 White 19
CORN No. 2 22
FLOUR High Giade 4 .V) f&
CORN No. 2 30 it
OATS Western 23S"(
HAY Choice 13 00 to 13 50
PORK-Old Mess to
COTTON Middling to
WHEAT No. 2 Red- 93
CORN Na 2 Mixe 1 S3 to
OATS No. 2 Mixed 20
POHK-Nfw Mess 9 00 to
BA 'ON-Clear Rib 6!Ti
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward
for any case of Catarrh that can not be
caret" bv Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheney & Co, Props, Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe
him perfectly honorable in all business
transactions and financially able to carry
out any obligations made by their firm.
West ct Truax, Wholesale Druggists, To
Walding, Kinnnn ' & Marvin, Wholesale
Druggists. Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Price Toe. per bot
tle. Sold by all Druggists. Testimonials
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Pfher is furious."
"What's the matter?"
"He was arrested on suspicion of being
"Well isn't he?"
"Xo; that's a baby-buggy stoop he wears.'
Detroit Free Press.
SJlRhtlr Marked Down.
"Does she really belong to the 400?"
"Urn well, I should call her about three-ninety-eight."
The feminine intellect is prone to subtle
distinctions. Typographical Journal.
Try Graln-OI Try Craln-Ot
Ask your grocer to-day to show yon a
package of GKAIX-O, the new food drink
that takes the place of coffee. The children
mav drink it without injury as well as the
adult. All who try it like it. GllAIX-O
bas that rich seal brown of Mocha or Java
but it ia made from pure grains, and the
most delicate stomachs receive it without
distress. 1-4 the price of coffee. 15c and
25 cts. per package. Sold by all grocers.
Lady Are you willing to do some chop
ping for your dinner?
Jaded Jerry What kind of pie is it,
mum? X. Y. Journal.
In muscle, joint or bone, anywhere
Rheumatism is cured Ly St. Jacobs Oil.
Every man thinks his credit is good.
. u i
All claims for Dr. Pell's Pine-Tar-Honey
are pul'Staiitiate.i uy tiie reports trom those
who have used u. loughs, colds, incipient
consumption, and all bronchial alie lions
are the diseases lor which it is guaranteed.
She He's such a Door stick of a mun!
He What's your idea of a good stick of
"One that will bend and cot break."
Do Yon Piny Whist. Enctare or Other
The F. F. V. playing card is better than
anv 50 cent card on the market. Send 1
cents for one deck or 25 cent" for two dorks
(stamr-s or currency) to C. B. Ryan. Ass't
Gen'l Pass r Attf. C & O. Ky Cincinnati, O.
Mr. Hicks A burned child dreads the
fire, vou know. Melissa.
Mrs. Hicks Well, that's where a burned
child has the advantage over a man who
bets on horse races. Cleveland Leader.
Crippled, on crutches, from a sprain.
Used St. Jacobs Oil. Well again.
Some folks eniov nothini? so much nn on.
ing around talking suspiciously about their
uciguuurs. tvasiiingion uemoerat.
Good Old Granny Metcalfe,
88 years old, living at Paducah, Kv., says
that Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey is the best
grip cure, cough, lung, and bronchial remedy
mat nas Been sola during her lite.
Into the Secret.
She Why do vou never compliment me
on my complexion now that we're married?
1 ve got it stiil.
He Yes, but now I know where you got
it. 1 enow ma Magazine.
The muscles stiff; bodv sore, a sure
Cure for it in St. Jacobs Oil.
A boy is never too trifling to learn to
whistle real loud through his hngers.
To Core a. Cold ia One Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
druggists refund money if it fails to cure. 25c
A woman is unhappy all summer because
she can't buy every pretty- shirt waist she
sees. Washington Democrat.
After six years' suffering, I was cured by
Piso's Cure. Mary Thompson, 29J Ohio
Ave, Allegheny. Pa, March 19, '94.
Lots of men would like to get a pension,
but not nearly so many want to go to war.
To Cure a Cold In One Msnt
take Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey. It clears
the throat, soothes the bronchials and ex
hilarates the lungs. 25c at all druggists.
At a Disadvantage.
Browne I can't see that he's distin
Towne But his wife is with him now.
It penetrates the sciatic nerve St.
Jacobs Oil, and cures the pain.
There are people who know what has be
come of every cent they ever had.
Exp ailed by Lydia R Pinkh ana's
Interview With Mrs. B. A. Lombard.
I have reason to think that I would
Hot be here now if it had not been for
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound. It cu-ed me of a fibroid tumor
in my womb.
Doctors could do nothing- forme, and
they could not core me at the hospital.
I will tell you about it:
I bad been in my usual health, but
had worked quite hard. When my
monthly period came on, I flowed very
badly. The doctor gave me medicine,
but it did me no good. He said the
flow must be stopped if possible, and
he must find the cause of my trouble.
Upon examination, he found there
was a Fibroid Tumor in my womb, and
gave me treatment without any benefit
whatever. About that time a lady
called on me, and recommended Lydia
. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound,
said she owed her life to it- I
said I would try it, and did. Soon
after the flow became more natural and
regular. I still continued taking the
Compound for some time. Then the
doctor made an examination again,
and found everything all right. The
tumor had passed away and that dull
ache was gone. Mrs. B. A. Lomjiaiid,
Box 71, Westdale, Mass. '
If you care for pleasure, health and econ
omy, chew Star tobacco, the leading brand
of the world.
Aw rcj; features in the new plav?"
t ell, the lady answered. "John had his
mouth full of cloves." Indianapolis Journal.
Fits stopped free and permanently rarest.
No fits after first day's use of Dr. Kline'a
Great Nerve Restorer. Free $2 trial bottle at
treatise. Dr. Kline, S33 Arch st, Phil-, Pa.
Culture's Coadjutor. "What n air of
well-bred repose young Kewrich haa."
" es; but he was naturally lazy to begus
with." Chicago Record.
that kill are not distinguished by any mark or sign" from
coughs that fail to be fatal. Any cough neglected, may Bap?
the strength and undermine the health until recovery is ;
impossible. All coughs lead to lung trouble, if not stopped.
Dr. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Cures Coughs.
"My little daughter was taken with a distressing cough,
which for three years defied all the remedies I tried. At
length on the argent recommendation of a friend, I began to
give her Dr. Ayer's Cheery Pectoral. After using one
bottle I found to my great surprise that she was improving.
Three bottles completely cured her." J. A. GRAY, Trav.
Salesman Wrought Iron Range Co, St. Louis, Mo.
Ayer's Cherry Perioral
Is put up in half size bottles
at half price 50 cents
St M'l W. TtT-bsj KM mm r nT WssWsWsW-wsTsr"lir---T-SM
There is the secret" of a comfortable,
pleasant, healthy life for women. Don't
stand up over the wash-tub, doing that
grinding hard work, that isn't fit for any
woman. Use Pearline. Soak the clothes
over nicrht. while vou sleeo : boil them a.
LzSvti li; ti11 there's no work to do but to
JT vM rinse them. Don't make a slave of vour-
self trying to scrub things clean in the
ordinary ways. Use Pearline, and make
all such wcrk easy and quick and more economical. ssr
GET THE GEXCIXE ARTICLE I
Walter Baker & Cos
Pure, Delicious, Nutritious
Costa leas than ONE CENT a cap.
Be sure that the package bears Our Tradcvltarlu
Walter Baker & Co. Limited,
(Established 1780.) Dorchester, Mass.
DESNOYERS SHOE CO.,,
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Makers of Reliable Footwear
FOR MEN AND LADIES.
ASK YOrm DEATiKR FOR TZTBM.
sv x a Jmv a
l Nfew CURE CONSTIPATION
i Pleiad sookletfree. Id. STESLuu BEX EDI CO., Chics., HostroO, tM..r ftOT Isrk. I
I "TO SAVE TIME IS TO LENGTHEN LIFE."
1 DO YOU VALUE LIFE?
IS STAMPED OH
OF SHOES VOW BUY. -
IT IS POSITTTK eCAKUTII
Ask Your Dealer for Them.
UfUWUI CITY. J
SCHUH'S HOItlE-mADE PILLS
Tni TAvtW Stfmafll.Tb,7sct directly s lb RILE bjmnorlst l TJffllALTI V
1 SI A I I'CKUom IklWHKl. O.tK UOE Will 4
XOIoMaoalWULilUi iwPilli. For uj br ftil 4nuML Writ
COOKS BTTUO. TS6MS UOOO.
te tltrm. Sold hr drosclftii.
nnnoov hiw discotuti
lrlWW I alck nltefaad csras
cum. Bend forbooK of testimonials sn. 1 . tsy
U-emtpsent t rw. Sr. M. m. uutMM-9 AOmtmAm.
A. W. K.-B 168Q
nHU WKIT1KO TO ADVstTIBVI
leme sle that fn SsW (Ss A4TtM
scat la Skis ,.,ss .