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The Greatest Naval Achievement of Any Aere Graphically and
The Story of the Battle of Manila Bay Told by an Officer of the Flagbirip
For Consummate Daring, Skillful Tactics and Astounding Results the Battle Stands Without a Parallel in the
World's Annals of Naval Warfare.
The American Squadron Came Through the Fiery Ordeal Without the
B Went J. L. Stickney. U. S. N., staff corre
spondent of Su Louis Republic and Now York
Herald, with the Asiatie Squadron.)
On Board the Flagship Olympia,
Manila, Philippine Islands, May 1, yia
HonOtKoko, May 7. Not one Spanish
flag flies in Manila bay to-day. Not one
Spanish warship floats except as our
More than 200 Spanish dead and 500
to 700 wounded attest to the accuracy
of the American fire.
Commodore Dewey attacked the Span
ish position at Cavitethis morning. lie
a-vept fire times along the line, and
cored one of the most brilliant suc
cesses in modern warfare.
That our loss is trifling adds to the
pleasure of victory without detracting
from its value. The number of hits our
vessels received proved how brave and
stubborn was the defense made by the
Miraculous as it may appear, none of
our men was killed, and only eight
were wounded. Those who were
wounded suffered only slight injuries.
Commodore Dewey arrived off Ma
nila bay last night, and decided to en
ter the bay at once.
With all its lights out, the squadron
steamed into Boca Grande, with crews
at the guns. This was the order of the
squadron, which was kept during the
whole time of the first battle:
The flagship Olympia.
It was just eight o'clock, a bright
moonlight night. But the flagship
passed Corregidor island without a sign
being given that the Spaniards wer
ware of its approach.
Not until the flagship was a mile be
yond Corregidor was a gun fired. Then
one heavy shot went screaming over
the Raleigh and the Olympia, followed
by a second, which fell farther astern.
The Raleigh, the Concord and the
Boston replied, the Concord's shells ex
ploding apparently exactly inside the
bore battery, which fired no more.
Our squadron slowed down to barely
teerage way, and the men were al
lowed to sleep alongside their guns.
Commodore Dewey had timed our ar
xival so that we were within five miles
f the city of Manila a daybreak.
Ye sighted the Spanish squadron.
Bear Admiral Montejo commanding,
off Cavite pronounced Kahveetay,
with ancent on the "vee." Here the
Spaniards had a well-equipped navy
jai-d called Cavite arsenal.
Admiral Monte jo's flag was flying on
the 3,500-ton protected cruiser Reina
Cristina. The protected cruiser Cas
tilla, of 3.200 tons, was moored head
and stern to the port battery, and to
seaward were the cruisers Don Juan
5e Austria, Don Antonio de Ulloa, Isla
de Cuba, Isiade Luzon, Quiros, Marques
del Onero and General Lezos.
These ships and the flagship re
mained under way during most of the
With the United States flag flying at
all their mastheads, our ships moved to
the attack in line ahead, with a speed
of eight knots, first passing in front of
Manila, where the action was begun by
three batteries mounting guns power
ful enough to send a shell over us at a
distance of five miles.
The Concord's guns boomed out a
reply to these batteries with two shots.
No more were fired, because Commo
dore Dewey could not engage with
these batteries without sending death
and destruction into the crowded city.
As we n eared Cavite two very pow
erful submarine mines were exploded
ahead of the flagship. This was six
intimites past five o'clock.
The Spaniards evidently had mis
judged our position. Immense volumes
of water were thrown high in air by
these destroyers, but no harm was done
to our ships.
Commodore Dewey had fought with
Farrugut at New Orleans and Mobile
"bay, where he had his first experience
with torpedoes. Not knowing how
many more mines there might be ahead,
lie still kept on without faltering.
No other mines exploded, however,
and it is believed that the Spaniards
iad only these two in place.
A few minutes later the bhort bet--tery
at Cavite Point sent over the flag
hip a shot that nearly hit the battery
in Manila. But soon the gunners at
Cavite got a better range,and the shells
began to 6trike near us or burst dose
board from both the batteries and the
The heat was intense. Men stripped
off all clothing except their trousers.
As the Olympia drew nearer all was
as silent on board as if the ship had
bees empty, except for the whirr of
blowers and the throb of the engines.
Suddenly a shell burst directly over
From the boatswain's mate at the
after five-inch gun came a hoarse cry:
'REMEMBER THE MAINE."
It arose from the throats of 500 men
at the guns.
This watchword was caught up at the
turrets and fire-rooms, wherever sea
man or fireman stood at his post.
"Remember the Maine"' had rung out
for defiance and revenge. Its utterance
seemed unpremeditated, but was evi
dently in every man's mind, and, now
that the moment had come to make ade
quate reply to the murder of the
Maine's crew, every man shouted what
was in his heart.
The Olympia was now ready to begin
Commodore Dewey, his chief of staff.
Commander Lamberton, -an aide and
myself, with Executive Officer Lieut.
Rees and Navigator Lieut. Calkins,
who conned ship most admirably, were
on the forward bridge. Capt. Uridley
was in the conning tower, as it was
thought unsafe to risk losing all the
senior officers by one shell.
"You may fire when ready, Gridley,"
said the Commodore, and at 41 minutes
past five o'clock, at a distance of 5,500
yards, the starboard eight-inch gun in
the forward turret roared forth a com
pliment to the Spanish forts.
Presently similar guns from the Bal
timore and the Boston sent 250-pound
shells hurtling toward the Castillaand
the Reina Cristina.
The Spaniards seemed encouraged to
fire faster, knowing exact y our dis
tance, while we had to guess theirs.
Their ship and shore guns were mak
ing things hot for us.
The piercing scream of shot was va
ried often by the bursting of time-fuse
shells, fragments of which would lash
the water like the shrapnel or cut our
hull and rigging.
One large shell that was coming
straight at the Olympia's forward
bridge fortunately fell less than 100 feet
short. One fragment cut the rigging
exactly over the heads of Lamberton,
Rees and myself.
Another struck the bridge gratings
in line with it. A third passed just un
der Commodore Dewey and gouged a
hole in the deck. Incidents like these
Our men naturally chafed at being
exposed without returning fire from all
our guns, but laughed at danger and
A few nervous fellows could not help
dodging, mechanically, when shells
would burst right over them or close
aboard, or would strike the water and
pass overhead, with the peculiar splut
tering roar made by a tumbling rifled
Still the flagship steered for the cen
ter of the Spanish line, and as our
other ships were astern, the Olympia
received most of the Spariard's atten
tion. Owing to our deep draught. Commo
dore Dewey felt restrained to change
his course at a distance of 4,000 yards
and run parrallel to the Spanish col
umn. "Open with all guns!" he said, and
the ship brought her port broadside
The roar of all the flagship's five
inch rapid fircrs was followed by a deep
diapason of her turret eight-inchers.
Soon our other vessels were equally
hard at work, and we could see that
our shells were 'making Cavite harbor
hotter for the Spaniards than they had
made the approach for us.
Protected by their shore batteries
and made safe from close attack by
hallow water, the Spaniards were la
a strong position.
They put up a gallant fight. The
Spanish, ships ware asiliaf baok aad
COMMODORE DEWEY'S FLAGSHIP, THE OLYMPIA.
Loss of a Man, and Not a Vessel
forth behind the Castilla, and their fire,
too, was hot.
One shot struck the Baltimore and
passed clean, through her, fortunately
hitting no one. Another ripped up her
main deck, disabled a six-inch gun and
exploded a box of three-pounder am
munition, wounding eight men. The
Olympia was struck abreast the gun in
the wardroom by a shell which burst
outside, doing little damage.
The signal halyards were cut from
Lieut. Brumby's hand on the after
bridge. A shell entered the Boston's
port quarter and burst in Ensign
Doddridge's stateroom, starting a hot
fire, and fire was also caused by a shell
which burst in the port hammock net
ting. Both these fires were quickly put
Another shell passed through the
Boston's foremast just in front of Capt.
Wildes, on the bridge.
After having made four runs along
the Spanish line, finding the chart in
correct, Lieut. Calkins, the Olympia's
navigator, told the commodore he be
lieved he could take the ship nearer
the enemy, with lead going to watch
the depth of water. The flagship start
ed over the course for the fifth time,
running within 2,000yardsof the Span
At this range even six-pounders were
effective, and the storm of shells poured
upon the unfortunate Spanish began
to show marked results.
Three of the enemy's vessels were
seen burning and their fire slackened.
On finishing this run Commodore
Dewey decided to give the men break
last, as they had been at the guns two
hours, with only one cud of coffee to
sustain them. Action ceased tem
porarily at 35 minutes past 7 o'clock,
the other ships passing the flagship and
Our ships remained beyond range of
the enemy's guns until ten minutes of
11 o'clock, when the signal for close
action again went up. The Baltimore
had the place of honor in the lead, with
the flagship following and the other
ships as before.
The Baltimore began firing at the
Spanish ships and batteries at 19 min
utes past 11 o'clock, making a series of
hits, as if at target practice.
The Spaniards replied very slowly,
and the commodore signalled the Ra
leigh, the Boston, the Concord and the
Petrel to go into the inner harbor and
destroy all the enemy's ships.
By her light draught the little Petrel
was enabled to move within 1,000 yards.
Ilere, firing swiftly but accurately,
she commaded everything still flying
the Spanish flag.
Other ships were also doing their
whole duty, and soon not one red and
yellow ensign remained aloft, except
on a battery up the coast.
The Spanish flagship and the Castilla
had long been burning fiercely, and the
last vessel to be abandoned was the
Don Antonio de Ulloa, which lurched
over and sank.
Then the Spanish flag on the arsenal
staff was hauled down, and at half
past 13 o'clock a white flag was hoisted
there. Signal was made to the Petrel
to destroy all the vessels in the inner
harbor, and Lient. Hughes, with an
armed boat's crew, set fire to the Don
Juan de Austria, Marquns Ducro, the
Isla de Cuba and the Correo.
The large transport Manila and
many tugboats and small craft fell
Into our hands.
"Capture or destroy Spanish squad
ron," were Dewey's orders. Never were
instructions more effectually carried
out. Within seven hours after arriv
ing on the scene of action nothing re
mained to be done.
Was Seriously Damaged, While the
later Details Admiral Montejo Won n tied.
I find that in my previous dispatchet
I underestimated the losses of the Span
iards in Sunday's battle.
The surgeon of the Castilla tells me
that Admiral Montejo was wounded.
The captain, chaplain and 90 others
were killed and six were wounded on
One hundred and fifty were killed
and 90 wounded on the Reina Cristina,
Admiral Montejo's flagship.
It is impossible to open communica
tion between the shore and the fleet;
therefore news about events ashore is
very scarce on board the American ves
sels. The little that has leaked through in
dicates the probability that tne insur
gents will soon attack the city. Span
ish residents of Manila are very bitter
against the governor general and are
threatening to depose him.
Five were killed and 20 wounded on
the Don Juan de Austria.
Four were killed and 50 wounded on
the Don Antonio de Ulloa.
As I am leaving the harbor the situ
ation in the city of Manila is very crit
ical. The British consul reports that
the city has been entirely cut off from
outside communication both by sea and
land, and has only enough provision!
left to last a few days.
The more I recall the events of last
Sunday's battle the more miraculous it
seems that no American lost his life.
The she U tbat entered the Boston's
wardroom was going straight for Pay
master Martin when it exploded with
in five feet of him, yet he was not
Aboard the Olympia the surgeons'
operating table was placed in the ward
room. Chaplain Frazier, who was as
sisting the surgeon, had his head out
of one of the six-pounder gun ports
when a shell struck the ship's side less
than a yard away. The chaplain pulicd
his head in just in time to escape hav
ing it blown off, as the shell instantly
Three fragments of one shell struck
the Olympia within a radius of 15 feet
from Commodore Dewey.
The armor-piercing projectile that
exploded the box of three-pounder am
munition on board the Baltimore
passed between two groups of men so
close to each other that it is difficult to
see how all escsped.
To add to the horror of the scene,
several lean. wolQike dogs had discov
ered the bodies before we had.
The British gunboat Linnet entered
the bay Monday, but, some of her men
having the plague, she did not come
near our ships.
The French armored cruiser Bruix
entered the bay to-day. The British
cruiser Immortalitc is understood to be
on her way to Manila.
Eighty Spanish bodies were found un
buried Monday night, and we gave
them burial Tuesday morning, calling
in a Roman Catholic priest to read the
burial service over their remains.
The bodies presented a horrible
sight. One had the head almost whol
ly 'carried away. Another had been
struck in the stomach by a large pro
jectile, cutting everything away to the
One very large man, apparently an
officer, was not only mangled, but
burned, and all the bodies were fright
Probably there were nowhere a more
interested or more thoroughly happy
set of persons than the group of wives
of American naval officers who have
been living in Hong Kong in order to
be near their husbands.
Having heard but little except alarm
ing rumors since the squadron left for
Manila, they are now recovering their
normal serenity with the certainty that
their husbands are safe. There are
about a dozen of these officers' wives,
forming a little navy colony here.
Ruh Order for Rubber Poaohaa.
Cleveland, O., May 9. The Cleve
land rubber works has just received a
rush order from the United States gov
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the volunteer army. The ponchas are
light rubber blankets. 72 by 45 inches,
and are adapted to three uses. They
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four of them may be laced together and
made into a tent.
I'olltical Situation Unchanged at Madrid.
Madrid, May 9. The political situa
tion here is unchanged. The consulta
tion between the queen regent and
Senor Uamazo, the liberal leader, as
well as her conference with Senor
Monterorios, the president of the sen
ate, have been without result.
The St. Paul Uone to Sea.
Delaware Breakwater, DeL, May
9. The auxiliary cruiser St. Paul, Capt.
Sigsbee commanding, put to sea this
morning. Her destination la not
8ores Broke Out and Discharged
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