Newspaper Page Text
A WARM HOG HOUSE.
Structure Ur(t Enoogk far Three
Sows mm Lifters Pescrtbed for
The accompanying, cut should fur
nish what you wish. The size can be
charged to suit your own notion. If
you do not raise corn, the crib can be
dispensed with and the alley can be
made a little wider, with bins and
boxes for bran, middlings and peas, etc.
To make warm, it should be double
boarded, with building paper between.
The two partitions between the brood
pens should be made to slide in like
granary boards, so they may be taken
out and all thrown into one room for
fattening purposes. Yards can be
made at back for runs. The door
R : ' X2
c c C j
PLAN OF HOGHOUSE.
TTT, Feed Troughs; AAA. Places at
Bottom of Crib to Scoop up Corn; B, Nest,
with False Floor; three or four inches
above Level of General Floor, to keep It
try; CCC. Outside Runs; DDD, Doors In
Alley, to change hogs from one pen to an
other. l. opening into the alley from the pens
are very convenientin changing, hogs
from one pen to another.
The brood pens should have a south
ern exposure, with, a large window for
each pen, made low down, so the sun
shine can reach the tittle pigs. Notice
the temporary floor, in' the nest part,
to keep 'bedding dry. This can be re
moved when you-wish to fatter, hogs.
The' partition boards, etc., can be laid
on brackets or pins above, where they
will be out of the way and always
handy to-get when needed. The floor
should slant back from the ' feed
troughs about four inches in the 12
Don't be afraid to have plenty of
windows,' for hogs need lots" of light.
If you wish to raise early pigs and
are afraid of their . freezing, build' a
': .temporary house over the nest about
five by six feet. This should be made
tight and warm, with a door.in front
5 . large enough for the sow to go in and
3ut easily. If the weather is cold,
" keep this door shut at farrowing time,
and when the pigs are four or five days
old remove the temporary pen from
over them, so they can get sunlight
und exercise. Don't neglect doing this,
for upon this may dejjend your sue.
cess. -Country Gentleman.
ANIMALS HAVE SENSE.
They Rnpoid Readily to Kladneaa
and Are Snre to Resent Cruelty
The farmer cannot too fully under
stand that all the live stock on hit
farm with which he. is brought in
daily contact will partake more or less
of his personal moods. If he kicks
open the barn doors in the morning
and thumps the old mare with the
shovel or pitchfork to let her know
that he is boss of that ranch, even the
hens will be nervous and out of sorts
all day. . It is the placid, even tem
pered farmer who has docile stock. If
he leaves the kitchen door for the
barn3-ard singing ."The Sweet By and
By," he will find his cows placidly
Chewing their cuds and his hogs grunt
ing contentedly in the morning sun.
A horse understands when he is
sworn at, and it embitters a cow to
threaten to break her back with a
straw cutter. A pig in the pen which
receives a cheery "Good morning"
from the owner will fatten twice as
fast as the one which climbs up to re
ceive a blow from a club. It is so with
the fowls. The farmer who puts on a
benevolent, fatherly expression as he
scatters the grain will find every hen
ueing her best that day to lay an egg
to prove her gratitude and confidence,
while the one who scowls and mutters
and tries to knock some hen's head off
with a clothes prop will find himself
teared and detested. M. Budd, in Ne
ROOTS FOR LIVE STOCK.
On account of the large amount of
water they contain, cows on roots are
never as thirsty in winter time as they
otherwise would be.
If roots have not been cleansed ol
all particles of dirt when placed in
storage in the fall, they should be
cleansed with plenty of water prior to
The dairyman who feeds roots to his
cows in midwinter is always a wise
one. no matter how plentifully his
silo, hay mow and granary may be
A neighbor of mine had a ecu tc
which he fed a bushel of turnips daily,
and, although on a hay diet besides,
lie said she never drank any watar in
three weeks, although offered it daily.
George E. Newell, in American. Cultivator.
It la Claimed Jfow That the Cm
Be Profitably Grows la the
There has been frequent mention a
to the importance of thoroughly test
ing the adaptability of alfalfa to cer
tain soils in Missouri, Kansas and Illi
nois, and various instances cited where
it has been grown successfully on a
small scale in these states. The writer
was shown recently a field neat
Charleston, 111., owned by Mr. Gaiser
that had produced three crops of alfal
fa hay each season for several years,
besides furnishing considerable pas
ture during the time. This field bids
fair to hold well and produce better
yMds in the future. Another fielj in
bangamon county. III., was examined
last year. It had growing upon it
whenseen a fine crop of hay, and the
owner had cut two good crops previ
ovsly that season, and the same results
had been obtained the two prev'ous
years. While I do not claim that equal
ly satisfactory results can be secured
cn ail kinds of soil in the state's
named, yet I do claim that in many
localities alfalfa can be grown and
that it will prove a very profitable
crop. If patient, pr.instaking experi
ments are made by farmers in differ
ent sections, in many instances a good
stand will be secured and the results
will abundantly reward those who Iry
it, and others will be induced to do
likewise. These first experiments can
be made npon a small scale at very lit
tle actual cash outlay. Land with a
rich porous subsoil should be selected
and the soil well prepared. Low. wet
or poorly drained land will not do.
Xeither will it grow well upon land
that is underlaid with rock, especially
if the rock comes near .the surface.
The writer selected a plat of ground
upon his farm in eastern Illinois in
the spring of 1897, had it prepared by
disking thoroughly crosswise and har
rowing, then sowed alfalfa, which
came up nicely, grew well during the
summer, but a mistake was made in
not cutting it several times that sea
son, and the next spring the stand was
considered too thin to leave. Yet if it
had bc-en left another season and more
seed sown upon it in early spring and
mowed several times during the sum
mer, possibly it would have been a
success. Rural World.
CLEANING THE PLOW.
Directions Which Will Alio Apply to
Other Farm Tools Made of
Iron or of Sterl.
The department of agriculture thinks
that having' a plow clean and bright is
of sufficient importance to warrant it
in publishing directions for cleaning
It, which will also work well for other
tools of iron or steel. Slowly add one
half pint of sulphuric acid to one quart
of water, handling it carefully and
stirring slowly, as considerable heat
will result from the mixing. When
cool moisten the surface of the metal
with this, and then rub dry, after which
wash off with pure water. This appli
cation should clean any surface not
too badly rusted, but if the tool has
been long neglected it may require
more than one application. After they
are thoroughly cleansed we would ad
vise a thorough coating of grease be
fore putting away, and when they are
taken out to use give them another
greasing, and they will go "one horse's
draft easier," as tke old farmer used
to say his scythe did after it had been
properly whetted. Xot only is it much
easier for the team but for the plow
man if the plow is clean and bright,
as the adhering soil makes it handle
hard when the plow is rusty.
How to Apply Power to the rtrst
Advantage and WHIiout Exhaust
ing Man or Horses,
Attach a t'lut picoe of timber to the
stump of a chain and twist it around
in a circle until the chain is taut.
Then hitch a pair of horses or a yoke
HOW TO REMOVE STUMPS.
of oxen to the outer end of the tim
ber and twist the stump out of the
ground. It will be necessary to stand
by with an ax and chop off the roots
as they appear when the earth is dis
turbed in the twisting process. Enor
mous power can thus be applied to
stumps, and for this reason the chains
and timber must be stout. X. Y. Trib
une. Sheep Running- in Fields.
In an article from the Ohio Experi
ment station it is suggested that when
sheep run out in the fields in the win
ter they destroy many insects, as well
as weed seeds. There are places along
theftr.ee corners and hedgerows where
the grass is too green to be burned,
being thick and matted down, and the
sheep will feed that closely, and any
insects which are harbored there,
which is such a place as many choose,
are either trampled to death or left
so much exposed to the weather as to
cause them to perish. We usually
burned such places as clean as we
could to get weeds and dry brush out
of the way, and then trusted the sheep
to do the rest, when we kept sheep.
Given twice or even once a day
through the latter part of the winter
crisp, succulent roots form a valuable
addition to the rations of milch cattle.
... .. SsxSSTJ
I FACTS ABOUT THE CENSUS.
A "farm' is all the land cultivated or
held for agricultural purposes under
one management, whether in a single
bocy or separate parcels.
Tax assessors, collectors and equaliz
ers cannot serve as enumerators, or
have access to the census returns, or to
the information therein contained.
There are more than 5,000,000 farms,
plantations, ranches, stock ranges and
market gardens in the United States,
all of which, for census purposes, will
be designated as "farms.
The first really valuable census of
agriculture in the United States was
taken in 1S50, of the crops of 1S49. The
next enumeration of agriculture will
be taken in June, 1900, of the products
Instead of recording several farms on
one schedule in the twelfth census, aa
heretofore, eacli farm will be accorded
a separate blank, the entries on which
will not be known to any save sworn
officers of the department. No names
will be published in connection with in
formation secured from the people.
The enumerator will ask for the num
ber and value of the live slock on the
farm June 1, 1900, which will be report
ed under a number of heads, such as
horses, colts, mules, asses, cows, heifers,
steers, calves, bulls, ewes, rams, lambs,
swine, goats, chickens (inoludingguinea
fowl) turkeys, geese, ducks, bees, etc
The .enumerator will ask for the
quantity and value of milk, cream, but
ter, cheese, raisins, prunes, mciasscs.
sirup, sugar, eggs, beeax, honey,
wool, wine, cider, vinegar, dried and
evaporated fruits, forest products, poul
try and meat products, and, generally,
all articles made at home, or for the
home, from farm materials in 1S09. . '
The enumerator will ask for the size
and value of each farm, the value of
buildings, and the aggregate value of all
machinery, implements, vehicles, har
nesses, etc., used thereon; and the
amount of land owned and leased, re
spectively, by said occupant. He will
also ask for' the acreage and value of
each crop, and the acreage ofirriproved,
unimproved and irrigated lands.
BITS FROM PARIS.
An international congress of etnA
nology will be held at Paris in connec
tion with the exposition from August
26 to September 1, 1900. , : " . . J , .
Among the sights of the; Paris ex
hibition will be the "Horrors of War
building which XI. de Bloch is fitting
up with pictures, models and other
means of exciting feeling against war
There' will be over 7,000 exhibitors
at the Paris exposition, and the UoiuJ
States is in the-first rank of the ex
hibitors: ' The display will be strictly
representative, and will show in an
adequate manner the 'excellence of our
productions. In 1873 we had less than
a seventh as many exhibitors.
A map of France in stone, which is
being prepared in Russia for the Paris
exhibition, is a wonderful example of
the lapidary's skill. It shows each de
partment in colored jasper, the sea ia
represented by lapis lazuli, the river
ffy platinum and the 106 towns are
represented by precious, stones. The
neighboring countries of France are
shown in gray jasper, and 14 islands
are represented in the same color as
the nearest mainland. The map Is
mounted on a marble slab about three
feet square, and it will be inclosed in a
Illinois monument dealers want a
law enabling them to seize tombstones
for bad debts.
Judges of the South Carolina su
preme court have adopted a rule that
so member of the bar shall be heard
unless dressed in a black coat.
New York. Fob.
CATTLE Native Steers....! 4 SO ?i a
M.Ol R Winter Wheat.... 2 75 Ui 4
WHKAT No. 2 Red 'thWf
ColiN No. 2 ti
OATS No 2. (a
FOKK Mess New 10 50 11
BKJiVES Steers 4 W 6
Cows and Heifers. 2 50 fa 4
CALVESiper li 5 50 H 7
HUGS-Fair to Choice 4 25 t 4
SKEEf Fair to Choice.... 4 50 a 5
ELOUK Patents (new).... 3 40 it 3
Other Grades 2 75 v 3
V HEAT No. 2 Red Winter 70H'i
COF.N No. 2 rt
OATS No 2 24'4
RYE No. 2
TOBACCO Lurs 3 80 st 8
Leaf Burley.... 4 50 &r 12
T I r-lAdr Timnttiv Ini-B't 9 5ll tl 12
lil'TTEK Choice Dairy.... 15
liAvtJiN Clear miu
FCRK Standard Mess'tnew)
I , - ' L'
.. W 11
LAK1 iTime Bieam
CATTLE Native Steers.... 4 73 6
vjir;a h'nir to Choice 4 60 (a, 4
SHEEP Fair to Choice 4 25 at 5
FLOUR Winter patents... 3 40 fr 3
Spring Patents... 3 20 H 3
WHEAT No. 3 Spring W14f
No. 2 Red 6
CORN-No. 2 - t
O.T.TS No. 2. 234'tt
POKE Mess 9 70 10
C'VTTLE Native Steers.... 4 50 5
Hl-GS All Grades 4 35 u 4
WHEAT No. 2 Red W
OATS No. 2 White kt
CORN No.. 2 23 t$
FI.OUR-Hish Grade 3 45 4
CORN No. 2 if
HAY-Cholce 17 50 tg 18
FORK Standard Mess 11 00 S 11
HACON Short Rib Sides... 7Va
COTTON Middlir.ff U
WHEAT No. 2 Red 73
CCFN-No. 2 S44W
OATS No. 2 Mixed 25
PORK Now Mess 10 00 11
BACON Short Ribs
I " ' ' lanwwnwnwnan, ,
hsbib miT mmam nnn nm nnra
Tells How He Escaped the Terrors of Many
Winters by Using Peruna.
Hr. Isaac Brock, Born in Buncombe
" Says l I attribute my extreme
- sajsssssissiasi"sisssssiaasti spap sas '
., Bora befors United Ststet
was formed. -,
Saw 22 Presidents elected.
Pe-ru-na baa protected him
from all sudden changes.
. Veteran of four wars.
Sboda horse when 99 years
Florida. TTeat ladles' and Central America.
The facilities of they Louisville & Nashville-
Railroad for handling tourists and
ti-avelpra destined for all noints in Florida.
Cuba, Porto Kico, Central America, or for
Nassau, are unsurpassed, .uoume daily
lines of sleenins cars are run from Cincin
nati, Louisville, Chicago and St. Louis
vnrougn Jacksonville to interior rionui
points, and to Miami, Tampa and New
Orleans, the ports of embarkation for the
countries mentioned. For folders, etc., write
Geo. 3. Horner, D. P. A., St. Louis, Mo.
Hicks "I wonder how the Tollers manage
to get along. Why, I believe they owe every
body in town." Wicks "That s why they
get along so well. Toller has a big mad
every morning. They are all duns, to be
sure; but the impression upon the neigh
bors is just the same as if they were invita
tions to first-class society functions. It is
the quantity, not the quality, that does the
business, you know." Boston Transcript.
Aa All-Tear Resort.
The Crescent Hotel, Eureka Springs, Ark.,
opens March 1, 1900. A most desirable, at
tractive and convenient resort for health
and pleasure seekers. Ideal climate, pure
sparkling' water, best accommodations.
Through Sleepers via Frisco Line. Write
for particulars to Manager Hotel or to any
representative of Frisco Line.
"Bridget," said the mistress to her sick
servant, "would you take a little medicine?"
"Faith, ma'am," said she, "I'd take any
thing to make me well, aven if I knew
'twould kill me." Philadelphia Record.
To Care a Cold la Oae Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
druggists refund money if it fails to cure. 25c.
The promises of a lover are ss unreliable
as those of a politician. Atchison Globe.
The Grip of Pneumonia may be warded off
with Hale s Honey of Horehound and Tar.
Pike's Toothache Drops Cure in one minute,
The baker gets crusty himself when his
bread doesn't pan. out well. Golden Days.
I have found PIso's Cure for Consumption
an unfailing medicine. F. R. Lots, 1305
bcott St., Covington, Kyn Oct. 1, 1894.
WILL KEEP YOU DRY.
Don't es fooled with a
or rubber cost. If yoawantacost
that will keep you dry m the hard
est storm buy ths Flab Brand
Sucker. If not for sale in your
Iowa, writs for catalogue to
A. J. TOWER. Boston. Mass.
VV ,A Boy it of yonr storekeeper.
Hair Restorer is a Perfect Dressing and. Restorer.
Co., North Carolina, March 1, 1788,
old age to the use of Peruna.
Always conquered the grippe
Witness In a land suit at age
of 110 years. '
' Believes Pe-ru-na the great
est remedy of the age for Ca
Bows all kinds of grata
and cleaned graas seed
flTStlmesas fist as It
can as done by band
with aeHhli-4 less
seeaV and does tba
work better than It eaa
be done m anyotner
war. Can Ton al
ford to set alone
without ft? Costs
bnt little. Lasts a
lifetime. Anj ont
can operate 1
Kewara of cnea? ssbatltntes. Bend for free ckroa
lar. and name of nearest dealers. Address
30OJDEU. COMrjrr, Aatrlsa, If. H
Cures stl Throat and Lang" Affectiooa.
Gettbeseuuiiie. Refuse substitutes.
Dr. BulTt PUU cxrt Djnpepiia. Trial, x Jorge.
HMt smoked In s few beers with
KRAUSERS' LIQUID EXTRACT OF SbTOKK.
If ads from hfekorr wood. Cheaper, cleaner,
sweeter, and sorer than tbs old way. Bend f os
encalas. H. sUtAtsjUt 4, Bat P.. Milt , fs
RXADKBS OF THIS PAPER
DESIRING TO BUT AHYTHUTO
ADVERTISED IN ITS COLUMNS
SHOULD INSIST UPON HATING
WHAT THBT ASK FOR, RKFUBUfO
ALL SUBSTITUTES OR IMITATION a
I fi E3999 Throat Candy, one of the
LnrlJ Aim Confections far Voealnrt,
StHlHBf fat public Speskers.ete. Send Wets,
as LARS MWO. COt Ottawa. Caaada. for sasmsls has.
nDODCV HEW PISCOTERTi gives
1 I 9 I ejalekrellefsaeleanewent
eases. Book of taetlsMmlal. sad le dare traataMst
s-rsm Dr. B-a.Uk SOKS, Sol D, AUuU,U.
Isaac Brock, a cttlzea of McLannam
County, Texas, baa lived III years.
He now lives with Us son-la-law at
Valley Mills. Texas.
In speaking of bis good health anal
extreme old age, Mr. Brock says:
"After a man has lived ia tba
world as long as I have, hs ought
to have found out a -great many
things by experience.
"One of the things I have found
out to my entire satisfaction is the
proper remedy for ailments that
are due directly to the effects of
'During my long life I have
known a great many remedies for
coughs, colds, catarrh and diar
rhoea. I had always supposed
these affections to be different
diseases, but in reading Dr. Hart"
man's books I have found out that
these affections are the same and
that they are properly called ca
tarrh -I bad several long sieges with
the grip. At first I did not know
that Peruna was a remedy for this
disease. ' When : beard that la
grippe was epidemic catarrh, I
tried Peruna for ' la grippe and
found it to be Just the thing.
"As for Dr. Hartman's remedy, .
Peruna, I have found It to be the
best, if not the only, reliable rem
edy for these affections. It has
been my standby for many years,
and I attribute my good health and
extreme old ags to this remedy.
. - Very truly yours,
'fa, I (famft.
For a free book oa .catarrh, addrtma
The Peruna Medicine. Ok. Columbus,
SUCCESSFUL SHOOTERS SHOOT
Rifles, Repeating Shotguns, Ammunition and
Loaded Shotgun Shells. Winchester guns and
ammunition are the standard of the world, hut
they do not cost any more than poorer makes.
AH reliahk dealers sell Winchester goods.
FREE s Send name and address on a postal for 1 54
page Illustrated Catalogue describing all the guns and
ammunition made by the
WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO.,
180 WINCHESTER AVE., IEW IAYEI, COSX
FOR 14 CENTS
We wkih to gala this year RSlM
ists. sad h net mam
1 Pke. Cltr Oardea Baat.
" La Orseaa Market L etlsos, las
Htiawbarrr Males. las
1 " UD.fRsdI.lu Us
1 " Rwlr Rips Cabbage, S
I Rsrir Dinser Oaloa, loe
S " Brilliant flower Saeds. lto
Worth SI., fee 14 casta. 113
Abore Is Pkgs. worth fLOD, we will
mail roe free, together with ear
grest Oasalog, telling all abort
SallEI S MIUWI istUI rsTATe
apoa rvoaipt of t hie aetice Side.
vwhaavea ease are afaaiaevB
feeds roa will aster do wtthoss.
bos Prises sn Sajur. laea raav
If 70a tasasjpyoar I
in wssiern inaoa, tae.
or plenty, lllos-
w bo have beeoeM wealthy
In growing wheat, reports,
of delegates, ete. and faUt
Information as to redness;
railway rates eaa be bsaV
on application to (he)
Bnuei Intendwnft of Inmleration. rjanartment
Interior. Ottswa. Canada, or address tba Uadse
signed, who will msll you stl. us. pamphlets, eta
free of cost. f. PBDLKT, Bunt, of Immigration.
Ottawa, Canada, or to C. 1. BROCOUTON. 1Z
Monad nock Blk., Chicago, snd 1. 8. Caa wtobd, as.
West th Street. Kansas City, Mo.; Rtskxtt aa
Basis, fort Wayne. Indiana.
Dr. Williams' Indian P11
Ointment will cure Blind,
Bleeding and I toning
Piles. Tt absorbs tba
tumors, allays toe itch
lag at once, acts aa a .
Braltiea.g'.Tss Instant re
ef . Prepared for Pile
and I toning of ths srrrata.
slot of price. S cents and fil.aaw
UfQ. CO-, Props., Cimvelamo. OSDaV
mall on recall
w 1 1.1.1 ana
-1 : 'V
Tastes Good. TJsa I I
by diwsaThaa. I I
jmrhBrraB. Tastes Good.
m time, gold
A. N. K.-B
WBiajf wkitixs to adtrktis
at la sabs paper.