Newspaper Page Text
ITEMS OF CURRENT INTERES7
GATHERED FROM EARTHS
ALL THAT IS GOING ON
Gilt f Week's Newt Stripped of Un
necessary Verbiage and Prepared
lor Quick ContUrrotion by
Wu Tir Fans;, for joars t i.i . ii r
lo t !ir United States iP'tn the on! Oil
HH' Umpire, was nominated by Yuan
hl Kal, president of Hi" Chlm-M- re
public, to repi csont th new guw-iu-raonl
In the United S'.i'es.
At l'-ait a m ore of prisons are b".
lievi'fl to have perished In un o.p'rv
sion anrl firo In Vlllar.;, rnnntal.
Ignition of explosives i-s,!m i the cuti
narration which destroyed twlv.i
Time thousand s'lidctils of Valpa
raiso university rioted in tin- streets,
driving the police and lire cl part,
meet before ihrm, smashing win
down, firing revolvers and c.wsin;;
A private Ji.patli, raid to have
been sent by an oftlcial of tti" war
department at Washington, was re
ceived at Kort I). A. Husseil, il"lat.
ing that Frederick Funston, niitr
brigadier general, would succw d Maj.
Gen. Frederick D. Grant.
The indignation of sta'e department
rffleials over the execution of Thomas
Fountain, the American punner, who
ts captured by the rebi Is ut Farral,
i believed to be certain to prejudice
iny a'tempt on tho part 'of the Mex
ican rebels to hecure any recognition
( belligerent rights, so necessary to
a successful conduct of t'iclr cam
Negotiations for the dlti-olutlon of
the harvester trust have licen virtu
ally completed and Edgar V Bancroft
and John P. Wilson, atto- neys sr thf
International Harvester company, left
Washington with the details of ln
New York state Republicans went
oa record as f.ivorin; the renoiuina
tion of President Taft. b'Jt absolutely
declined to instruct its delegates tc
Chicago to that effect, contenting it
self with requesting; the delegates t
werk toward that end.
An American newspaper man who
returned frim Parral with American
refugees from the battle-sv ept district
brought news of the execution of
Thomas Fountain of Las C'ruces, N.
M . by the rebels.
Town elections held throughout Cal
ifornia, with prohibition nr the main
issue, and with women vctlng for the
Erst time la most of the townships,
apparently resulted In a victory (or
the "wets," although the margin will
Thousands of persons have been
killed and whole Indian villages swept
a ay by the eruption of Chirlqul peak
in Panama, according to the state
ment of Capt. Olsvey of the United
States ' Fruit 6teamer Fort Morgan,
which arrived at Mobile, Ala.
Ninety persons, making up the pas
senger and crew of the steamship On
tario of the Merchants' aud Miners'
line, bound from Norfolk, Va., to Bos
ton, had a narrow escape from uVath
in a fire which burned the ship to the
The creation of a federal adminis
trative office to supervise Interstate
industrial coiporations is strongly
urged by Herbert Knox Smith, com
missioner of corporations, in his an
The supreme court of the United
States denied a rehearing fa the fa
mous "patent monopoly" cases, de
sided recently, and refused permis .ja
for the attoiney general to intervene
in the matter.
John Walsh, U. S. A., retired, 01
years old, claims the record of 170
days for the walking round trip from
San Francisco to New York, having
arrived at the Presidio. The previous
record, held by Edward Payson Wes
ton, was 18 days longer.
Lewis F. Elosser, 5? years old, died
at Cumberland, Mr., from grief caused
by the tragic end of his daughter
Grace, who was found dead with her
fiance in the parlor of t?ie Hiosser
home December 31, 1910.
Representative 8. A. Roddenbery of
George, who exhausted himself two
weeks ago in a useless right against a
pension bill reported by the Demo
cratic committee on invalid pensions,
Is said to have since Buffered a nerv
Henry Perman was rescued from
Ihe Manitou mine, twenty miles from
Globe. Ariz, after having been en
tombed by a cave in for ninety seven
Taking present flood conditions in
the South as an example, Senator
Newlands of Nevsdti addressed the
waterway conference of the'Southern
Commercial Congress, atliing that the
organization go on record in demuud
ng J500,000,OUO from co-i ;ress in the
next ten years for river improvement.
Every six minutes day and nigh: a
railroad employe is killed or injured,
and every two hours one is killed.
Tina was the calculation made by Sen
ator Chamberlain of Oregon in ad
dressing the senate in behalf of the
Cew employers' liability bill
Word was sent by Pi evident aud
tiirs Taft accepting an Invitation to
attend the Cincinnati May lestival,
Mrs. Phillips and her daughter were
burned to death in a fire which de
stroyed Uieir borne at Bixby, Okla.
A neero man, hla wife and 'heir
thre? ibildTn were I.Wod with no
ax at San Antonia. Texas The
method of killing was tmilar to
that employed in the murder of
more than two wore negroes In Texas
and Louisiana In the last to dajs by
the so railed "ax atl "
Ki.glners of fifty eastern railroads
hao oted o erwhelmlngly for a
i-lrik.v Of the 25.70(1 englneerK who
responded to th referendum vote on
the question of a strike, ;t3.1 per rent
voted In favor of the walkout.
The political situation in the repub
lic of Panama is again critical. He
cause of the fear of trouble, It was
Miggrs'rd by I'-idcrst of both factions
that the United States undertake tho
supervision of rriniing elections.
'1 iu thousand Iowa women, mem
bi.n of 4" women's tlubs ill half ui
many ritus nml tow nr., wi.l demand
suffrape the trt time of the Legis
lature ti ,t w inter.
Kpeiitni'i.ts to aboiirh cms from
.he lei t of I'uile S im s soidieis are
Jctng made by direction oi Secretary
if W.ir Siimson. A new type of shoo
'or the military service is being d';
. i'!o "il.
l ope Puis X. Is not dead, as waa
uti'.i n d In all parts of t'ie civllUcd
vorld. Instead, his la 'ini ss Is cti
cy.n:: Ui; titnil heal h r.r.d coiiiinues
daily audi 'li' i'S.
N' well Sanders, who hai. been up
xiliited senator from Tet.i'csece to fill
i vacancy taiisol by the d'-ath if
;. na'.r Itoh 'i! I. T.iyloi, took the
iil. of f.flice. Sand'Ts Mas appoint
d by (1'iv. Hooper and will sene un
il the legislature Ineets a.al elects.
The most unliiie washing in the
rorld hung on a line in a sunny room
f tie engraving Imreati In WaMiing
on. It consls'ed of hundreds of
hoiisands of paper hills. This was
he first "v.aih day" of Uncle S-im's
lew machine lo rehabilitate currency.
H. ('. Wynne, former tiresldent of
he defunct Night and Day bank,
nrhlch failed In Little, Hock, Ark., last
. ijiriiiier, was committed t' 'ail after
k tempor.fry healing befcrc Circuit
.Miss Clara Barton, founder of tile
National Red Cross Society, died it
her home near Glen Echo, Md. S'iC
had been in poor health for months.
A serious situation for Americans
was created at Chihuahua, Mex., when
.Im. Pascual Orozco, commander in
chief ol the Liberal forces, announced
he would no longer recognize Mu.ion
Letcher as American consul.
Gen. Frederick Pent Grant, who
died suddenly in New York city, will
have a full military funeral In New
York and will be buried at West Point,
where military services will be held.
Another division of th; supreme
jourt with the new Justice, Mahlon
Pitney, holding tho deciding vote, la
-umored. Tho "intermountaln rato"
;ase is tho rock upon which tho court
is said to have split.
The rebel forces were routed from
;hc city of Jojutla, More'os, an impor
tant commercial center, and 600 of
'.heir number were killed In the bat
tle, according to dlspaVhes.
Newell Sanders, a wealthy manufac
turer of Chattanooga and chairman of
th Tenessee Republican state execu
tive committee, was appointed United
States senator to All out Wie unexpired
term of the late Robert L. Taylor.
An Interstate commerce commission
ruling makes it possible for a pas
senger to get off tho train before
reaching the destination printed on
bis ticket and to collect the price of
the unused part of his ticket.
Canada is to have the largest dry
dock in the world. The dock is to be
built on the St. Char'.is river, the
Beauport Flats or a St. Jor.eph de
Ltvis. It will be 1,150 f-et long, 137
feet wide and 37 feet deep.
At Logansport, IaQ., because she le
fused to marry" him. Otto Gleen Brown,
19, on of a farmer near Macy, Ind.,
went to the borne of L. R. Moore, shot
Leona Ehlinger, aged 15, then shot
bimeelf through the heatt and died
Taft carried all but one of the con
tested wards in St. Louis primary
election to elect delegates to the Re
publican state convention tnd the con
gressional conventions ir. the Tenth,
Eleventh and Twelfth districts.
In a speech at Peru, Ind., Col.
Roosevelt said: "If, after hearing me,
you decide against me, very well. Ml
try it again another time and try to
Eight revolutionary cannon were
Ji6covered In Battery park. New York,
by laborers making an excavation.
Ibe guns were buried Irom eight to
ten feet deep.
Roy Day and Joseph Hubbard were
'ound guilty by a jury at Watseka, III ,
of the murder ot Melvin Bradick.
Their punishment, was fixed at four
,ten years each.
The British miners' federation ac
;epted the recommendation of the ex
tcutive committee that the men should
.esume work as the result of the re
cent ballot, and the miners were or
Jered to return to the pits forthwith
The Pdirbanks Times' Mount Mc
Kinley expedition, w hicfc left Fair
banks February 5, returned, having
been unsuccessful in the attempt to
tcale the mountain.
There was an advance of more than
$1.60 a bale in the cot tor. market on
an excited general buying movement,
with new crop positions selling at
11' cents, making a new high rtcorc"
for the season.
ItoaUl Amundbcn, who recently dis
covered the South Pole, will make an
effort to refath the North Pole next
The Mexican offices of the Friaco,
Rock Island and Southern Pacific rail
roads w ere closed on act ount of thu
prospective strike amoig the em
ployes of the National Hallways.
AMERICANS AGAIN FEARFUL FOR
THEIR LIVES OAOZCO DE
FIES UNITED 8TATES.
OUTBREAK IS THREATENED
Mexico City Residents Declare Spat
Ish Newspapers Are Trying to In
cite Riots Mitsourian
Killed by Rebels
Mexico City. With a strike on
Ihe National Uiillw.ts certain, which
may mean the tying up of near
ly all railroad lines In Mexhei, and
(!"n. Orozco rifin-ing to rerognize Ma
rlon Letcher, United States Consul at
Chihuahua, together with serious de
velopments at AKxico City, AmerJcais
here aie again fearing for their safety.
President Mailero has Issued un or.
der forbidding Americans to bring
more arms Into C'e capital. Baying that
be considers the arming of foreigners
dangerous to Mexicans Of the 1.0IM)
Krag Jorgessen rifles shipped he;e
few have been taken out by Ameri
cans, owing to the prohibitive prlco
at which they aro held, and the mass
of foreigners aro unarmed. The Amer
icans cbarge that the Spanish papers
here are uniformly against them and
through published articles are endeav.
oring to Incite lighting.
Should the United States have to
take any action in Mexico, Americana
in this city believe there would be an
uprising against them. Talk of Inter
vention has been revived, and rumors
were spread that an invasion may be
A concession Involving $15,000,0("j
has been granted by President Maileio
to Christian Schetman for the estab
lishment of a Mexican Monte Carlo
ou an island in I-nko Chapola.
Moberly, Mo. Zack Farmer, for
nerly a resident of Moberly, was
hot and killed by the rebels near
Irapu.ito, Mexico, according to a mes
sage received by his Bister, Mrs. W.
J. Sluslng, of Moberly.
Farmer was an engineer, employed
on a Mexican railroad.
Homestead Bill Signed.
Washington. President Taft signed
a bill permitting a years' extension in
time of payment when auch applica
tions are approved by the land office
to certain homesteaders on the Chey
snno River and Standing Rock Iudiun
Robber Hold Up Cafe Guest.
New York. Four men armed with
revolvers Invaded a restaurant on
East Fourteenth street and robbed
Morris Last of Jewelry and money ag
gregating $7,000. Thirty persons were
in the restaurant, but the robbera
made no attempt to molest them.
Ticket Scalper Gets Two Years.
Kansas City. Bert Boehm, a ticket
aroker, was found guilty of forging
games and dntes on railroad tickets
and sentenced to two years In the
Finds $5,000 Diamonds In Shoe.
Chicago. David J. Winder, a North
Side cobbler, found diamonds valued
it $5,000 in the toe of a shoe he was
ibout to repair. Winder refused $1
Church and Posteffice Burn,
Fonda, N, Y. Fire destroyed the
Vfethodist church, the postoffice, two
usiness blocks and several smaller
oulldlngs, with a loss of $50,000.
Flood In Arkansas and Louisiana.
Greenville, Miss. The Mississippi
taking Its tirhe In southern Arkan
ias and northern Louisiana. It is es
timated that 1,000 square miles in
East Carroll and Madison parishes,
and Chicot and Desha counties. Ark.,
Murder Is a Mystery.
Lynn, Mass. With failure at tr-e
end of etery clew, the police' of this
illy and the state police admitted that
:he murder of George Marsh, a mil
lionaire, 73 years old, was the most
mysterious in history.
Powers Ask Turkey to Quit.
St. ePtersburg. It Is officially an
louDced that the powers havo made
proposals of mediation to Constanti
nople, with a vl)w to bringing to on
nd the war between Turkey and Italy
Fall Kills Army Aviator.
Bar Le Due, France. While recon
joitering In a monoplane, Lieut. Bon
jourt lost cortrol of his machine here,
Jropped 200 feet to the ground and
was killed instantly.
Aged Woman Burned to Death.
Hopklnsvllle, Ky. While burning
'.rash in her garden. Mips Lydla Jen
Kins, aged 80, was burned to death.
Her sister. Miss Alice Jenkins, aged
78, tried to jtmother the flir.-.eg and
was badly burned.
$400,000 Fire in Omaha, Neb.
Omaha, Neb. One of the most val
uable blocks or retail property la
Omaha was seriously threatened, and
lamage amounting to nearly J400.00C
was done by a fire which destroyed
'be Anjus & Tate building.
A scathing denunciation of mem
bers of the house committee on ex
penditures in the Interior department
was delivered on the bouse floor by
Mr. Mann of Illinois, the minority
The senate passed the army appro
priation bill carrying $95,314,710, or
$7,537,453 more than when It passed
the house arid $2,726,925 more than
lar.t year's bill.
Thero are excellent prospect for
a pood roads mix-up among house
Democrats. The committer on rules
favorably reported Lender Under
wood's resolution providing for tbn
appointment of a Joint, committee of
three senators ami three representa
tives to lnestigate the question of
roads In general ami make recommen
dations touching possible federal aid.
With the approval rf the hoime lead
ers, Representative Oldfleld of Arkan
sas, chairman of the house committee
on patents, Introduced a bill Intended
to prevent the "untold evils" which
Chief Justice Whitt, In his dissent,
said would follow the recent supreme
court decision in the "patent monop
Joseph Sellwood, an ore mine es
pert of Duluth, told the house steel in
vestigating committee that the Lako
Superior ore region contains 1.4(i0,U00,
fHW tons of available ore, of which
about. 655,Oon,noo tons, including tho
Hill lease ores, aro controlled by tbo
United) States Steel corporation.
The senate knocked out the house
proposal to reduce the cavalry from
fifteen regiments to ten at the close
of a debate which took a wide range.
The senate probably will amend Its
rules soon so as to permit less than a
majority of committee members to
constitute a quorum.
President Taft by executive order
modified the so-called "gag rule" upon
civil service employes, which practi
cally forbade them to petition con
gress except under certain restricted
The house committee on agriculture
gave a hearing on the twenty eight
pending bills aimed at so-called gam
bling in crop "futures." Representa
tives of the Association of Grain Deal
ers finished their arguments opposing
bills preventing speculation In grain.
Representative Rroussard of Louis
iana (Deiu.), representing a cane su
gar state, testified before the senate
committee on finance that the Demo
cratic house free sugar bill was based
on ignorauce. He contended that the
United States would lose $150,000,000
If the bill were enacted.
With every prospect of long debate,
the house began consideration of the
postoffice appropriation bill carrying
$259,827,749, provisions for a rural
parcels post, steel mall cars after
1917, an eight hour day for clerks and
carriers in first and second class of
fices, increases in pay for rural car
riers and other bard fought reforms.
A charge that Wall street and the
big corporations were controlling the
house money trust Inquiry was made
by Representative Lindbergh of Min
nesota, Republican, In a resolution
which would compel every member to
disclose his business and corporation
A favorable' report on the Petexs
bill for the incorporation of the Rock
efeller foundation "to promote the
well being, and to advance the civil
ization, of the peoples of the world,"
was ordered by the judiciary commit
tee of the house.
The workmen's compensation act,
framed by the federal employers' lia
bility commission, and recommended
by the senate judiciary committee,
rutne up in the senate for the first
time, when Senator Chamberlain of
Oregon spoke in advocacy of it.
The fight to eliminate from the In
dian appropriation bill the proviso
requiring the payment from tho funds
of the five civilized tribes of the sala
ries of tribal officials and attorneys,
broke out in the house again. Repre
sentative Miller of Minnesota (Rep.)
sought to have It stricken from the
jill, but was defeated.
Full publicity of contributions and
expenditures in the nomination of
president and vice-president at regu
lar intervals before the nominating
convention and a final statement w ith
in thirty days after each convention
re proposed in a bill introduced by
Representative Henry of Texas, who
prepared It In collaboration with Rep
'esentative Rucker of Missouri.
Huntington Wilson, assistant secre
tary of state, testifying before the
senate finance committee, said the
free sugar bill would mean the abro
gation of the agreement between the
United States and Cuba, which gives
'he United States an advantage of
20 per cent preferential in Cuban su
gar exports; that It would seriously
tffect the Cuban market, to which the
United States now exports $60,000,000
if products annually, American flour
eing the principal Item affected.
The nomination of George L. Town
lend to be United States marshall of
Delaware was ordered f ivorably re
Mirtcd by the judiciary committee.
The administration of Secretary
rt'ilson of the department of agricul
ure was neveroly criticised In the
louse of representatives In a speech
y Representative Batbrick (IVm.) of
Jhio. Uathrick asserted that Wilson's
nanagement ot tha department "baa
een a scandal and a disgrace."
A ruling from the department of
us i ice as to whether the electoral
-ollege that will choose the next pre.
dent of the United States shall, con-:
list or 490 or 531 member has been
tsked for by members of the house.
.-ommit.ee on judiciary.
l MISSOURI STATE NEWS
Mayor It Missing.
Mayor J. A. Clark of Sheldon has
mysteriously disappeared. He left
home some time ago to visit his sis
ter, Mrs. Elizabeth Graham of Wal
ker, and after a few days there start
ed back home. He was seen and
talked with at Nevada, saying he was
on his way home. He never went
btuk-'o Sheldon, however, and hla
relatives have instituted a search for
Stolen Jewels Found.
David Crecly, 19 years old, who ad
mitted he acted as go-between for
Dnnlol Callahan and Arthur Milter,
held ns suspects In the Columbia the
ater robbery nt St. Louis, February
;7, when $4,900 was taken, led three
detectives to three widely separated
sections of the city and pointed out
spots where Jewelry worth more than
$1i00 wns hidden.
Made Sure of His Aim.
When n mad dug attacked Clyde
Evans' three-year-old child nt Jericho
the father ran to the rescue, carry
ing n shot gun. The weapon, how
ever, was unloaded, but Evans carried
p.mmnrificn with lilm. After thrust
ing the barrel of the gun Into the
throat of the dog and firmly Impal
ing the animal. Evans calmly loaded
the gun and pulled the trigger.
Carthage Dark After Fire.
Carthage was In darkness, more
than 200 te'ephones were out of com
mission, 20 horses burned and one
fireman injured as a result of the
destruction by fire of the Tanger &
Ttrosius livery born. The property
loss Is $25,000. The blaze was the
work of incendlarb'S and Is the sec
ond time the barn has been fired with
in one month.
Pours Oil on Fire.; Burned.
Mrs. Frank P. Hlair of Lee's Sum
mit was badly burned In attempting
to pour coal oil on a fire in a stove.
The prompt action of a neighbor In
wrapping bedovers about her, prob
ably saved her life. Two small chil
dren were uninjured.
Bar Meeting at Rolla.
The Har Association of the Nine
teenth Judicial Circuit of Missouri
convened in Rolla in their first an
nual meeting. Lawyers from Pulaski,
Dent, Crawford, Phelps and LnClede
counties were present. Officers were
elee'ed for the ensuing year.
Montgomery Farmer Wounded.
While in the act of taking ei.rn from
the field of Mrs. Lucy Norman, near
Montgomery, Arthur ' Mitchell, a
young farmer, was shot by C. D. Huff
and Alex Hawkins, two neighbors who
were watching In the field. The
wounded man was arrested.
Honors for Dtad President.
Announcement was made that the
alumni of Christian college at Colum
bia will present the college a me
morial gate dedicated to the late J. K.
Rogers, the former president. The
gate will be ready June 1 and will
Playgrounds at Hannibal.
The successful termination of ef
forts now being made will result in
Hunnibal having its first playgrounds.
A. T. Campbell of Chicago has placed
a proposition before the commercial
club which it is expected will be ac
cepted. More Missouri Seed Teats.
More than one-fourth of all the seed
corn planted in Missouri this year
will be tested, according to estimates
made by the state board of agricul
ture. This Is much more than ever
A Cave Man's Estate Saved.
The case of David M. Jones against
the estate of John. G. Jones, the mur
dered hermit of the Chariton valley,
a claim for $630 for board and lodg
ing during the winter was disallowed
by a Jury in the probate court at
Macon. The estate put on witnesses
to show that the cavS mnn worked
to pay his board, and that be had
never owed anyone.
Three Plead Guilty.
Oiver Slants, Chaiies Amos and
Frank Coro pleaded guilty to burglary
and larceny In the circuit court at
Hartville aud Judge Sklnker sentenced
Slantz and Amos each to four years
and Coro to two years In the peniten
tiary. This Is the trio that broke
Jail and were later captured about
fifteen miles north of Hartville.
Savannah Man to Mexico.
The Mexico board of education
elected George F. Nardln of Savan-
Lnah, superintendent of the city's pub
lic scnoois. .Mr. .Nnruin is a a years
old and is a graduate of Missouri
Taft Delegates Elected.
The Republicans of the Ninth con
gressional district, In convention at
Mexico, adopted resolutions Indorsing
President Taft and elected delegates
Instructed for Taft to the national
Dynamite Kills Two.
A premature explosion of dynamite
In the Kramer zinc mine near Jopltn
killed Fred Odim of Cave Spring,
and Samuel Staley of Galena, Kan,
nd severely Injured Harry and Ar
thur fXIng. also of Galena.
WELLERS on Cape Cod and
elsewhere on the Massachu
setts coast are sometimes sur
prised to learn that many of
their ' Portuguese neighbors
sever taw the mainland of Portugal,
but are Azoreans of Island ancestry
sometimes centuries old, F. N. Vallan
ligham writes In the Boston Evening
Transcript When the Portuguese re
public was set up Its enemies were
not slow to annoy the new govern
ment by stirring dissatisfaction In the
Azores, and some Azoreans here fall
'ng In with the movement, suggested
that the time bad arrived for the
United States to annex the Islands.
Nobody treated the suggestion very
eriously; perhaps It was hardly
.tected that anybody would, and after
t few mild demonstrations of discon
tent, the Azoreans seem to have ac
cepted the Portuguese republic with
resignation If not with satisfaction.
As a matter of fact the Azores will
:elebrate this-, sptlng the seventeenth
anniversary of their attainment of lo
:al self-government In the winter of
1894-6, Portugal, while Bttll maintain
ing the islands as a province of the
kingdom, yielded to an oft repeated
demand for larger local autonomy, and
granted permission for the official dis
play of an Azorean flag in honor of
In designing that flag the Islanders
took a letsoa from us, but the Azor
ean banner, even more than the stars
and striper,' symbolizes the history
and political relations of the land. It
Is a blue flag bearing a white hawk
and nine stars, an emblem that pro
claims the group to bi of nine chief
islands lying in the main blue ocean,
and bearing a name derived from the
Portuguese word for hawk, "acor,"
with the soft "c," which in English be
comes "i." As a matter of fact the
Azores are our nearest neighbors on
the east between this coast and Eu
rope. Corvo, the nearest of the Isl
ands, Is about two-thirds the distance
from Boston to Lisbon. The aummer
iBOtherm of 70, which cuts Boston,
runs only a few miles north of the
Azores, though the Islands are about
In tho latitude of Baltimore. The win
ter Isotherm of 60 almost touches the
most southerly of the group. Caged
between these two isotherms, the
Azores have an equable climate. Ly
ing In the track of vessels bound for
the Mediterranean, these islands are
visited by many liners bound for the
Italian ports, and tnouaands of Ameri
can tourists have touched at Fayal,
but hardly one In a thousand of such
tourists knows any others of the
Islands Acquired by Portugal.
Durlns some centuries all knowl
edge of the Azoret was lost oven to
Europe. An Arabian geographer of
the twelfth century described them as
densely peopled, and hazarded the
guess that they had been known to
the Carthaginians. Upon a map
made in 1351 the three groups con
stituting the archipelago appear as the
Goat Islands, the Dove islands and
Brazil island. One of the puzzles of
geography is found In the legends of
Brazil Island, which was variously lo
cated, and which finally gave name to
tho vest American empire of Portugal.
It Is said that a Dtitcil merchant ad
venturer, driven out of his iy.fse,
chanced upon the Islands In 1032, and'
reporter them upon touching at Lis
bon, with the result that a Portu
guese expedition was sent out to take
possession of them In the name of the
crown. Another story Is that Dora
Henry of Portugal, surnamed the
Navigator, mousing over the maps
that be loved so well, found the Isl
ands laid down, and dispatched an ex
piufias expedition to find them.
. At any rate, one Cabral, a Portu
guese navigator, did reach the Azores
tt" 1432, and some time. lafer San
Miguel, the Island that he visited, was
Officially proclaimed Portuguese terri
tory. , Soon after the middle of the
ae-UUTr all nine of the Islands had
been rediscovered, but nobody guess
ed that they were ore-third the way
to a vast unknown continent By the
time Columbus made his first voyage
to America the Portuguese had made
fair start at colonizing the Azores.
In the nearly BOO years since the
Portuguese began rediscovering the
Azores the Islands have had a ur
esque and varied history. On tVv
were given away by a Por .j
king, Alfonso V called "The Aim an."
to bis aunt, the duchess of l'.ii jt r.jy
This happened In 1308, when tin. ! .kf
of Burgundy wns Philip th ::,. h.
vorite boh of John II. of Frar.' i- la
due time Philip became rn:.r of
Flanders and many of his l 'l
subjects went to help colon:.-..- bu
duchess' new Island possession Vr
a time the group even bore the ,:,ae
of the Flemish islands, and tln'v still
have traces of the Flemish oci i:;.i;i,)i
and colonization. loiter Portun.i! to
covered the Azores and thvy Ml
with her under Spanish rule frmn i:(i
to 1640. As possessions of Sputa 'iter
were fair game for the English r.uy.
and many a battle occurred in thot
waters between English and t-'iMtnih
ships, while the Islands suffered from
tho ravages of the British victcrs.
When Cabral reached the A.or.-s in
1432 he was astonished at t In- inn.
ber of hawks on the Islands TNeir
presence was explained by the ttiout
ands of small birds which iinnlc the
group their permanent home or t!;r
resting place In migration. Whi n ;b
islands became settled It was fottoj
necessary to offer a bounty for the
destruction of birds, they wctit so
ravenous In their attack upon crnpi.
For years thousands of birds of many
varieties were killed annually by far
mers and gardeners. In some yp:in
as many as 600,000 are said tu hav
been destroyed. It Is hard fi r the
newly arrived Azoroan to understand
our protective policy toward bin!.- To
the native Azorean a bird Is a iicvious
Climate and People of the Azores.
There was va time when a aool
many Americans made long visits to
the Azores for the sake of their mild
and even climate, and J. Pi'-rimnt
Morjan, as a youth of seventeen,
passed many months tbore. An Kng
ilshman, In urging his countrymen n
make use of the group as a hitiltti
resort, instanced our example, b.t
Florida now serves our purpose even
better when we r.eek a mild win'er
climate, and the Adirondack nnj ota
er high, dry, cold climates have been
found excelleut for some who .m'.J
once have been advised to wi::vf In
the Azores or the south. As a mtitter
of fact, the climate of the Anres Is
extremely damp. It Is hard . keep
paper on the walls, anil veneen ! .md
varnished furniture suffers great dam
age. Pico Is the coldest M tin I-1'
ands, for the mountain that -Iws it
name and forms most of the i land
rises 7.000 feet above the sea.
Azoreans, with their deeply em
browned outdoor complexion an J ra
ther low stature, seem all of one race
to the casual American observer, but
many of them must be of cmup'ex ra
cial origin. Portuguese constitute
large majority of the quarter of y
million inhabitants, but lliero are de
cendants of the Flemish colonic".
Spanish colonists who went to the
Islands when Spain rulod the i-rnup.
negroes. Moors and a few Kn.ltsb.
Scbtcb and Irish. Emigration M
been constant for many yearn rait be
cause land is extremely scan and
wages are consequently low M"0'
while there are few cheaper pin"'' "
Ilvo than the Azores, anil n -,,re
courteous people than tho a .'"ream
In this country they are apt to i' ion
fused with the Cape Verde i: . iers.
...k A. 11 VlnHu nt hnrd tti"k ''! t
WlIU MKT Ail Auus . "
Massachusetts coast and wh. -i
lion and mode of life have ' i
tie understood by their n-i-Cape
Cod that a cruel loc.il ;
against them exists. The 1
are a more mixed race '' '
Bravans, as the Cape Verb'
are usually called in this '
have less negro blood that !
whose home lies In the
only a few miles off the t. '
Just to be good, to k- r
from degrading element m . '"
constantly helpful .In li''
those who are touched hy ;'
one's spirit always i" - ,rn(t.
all manner of petty acg.r ' , lt
blllty that Is an ideal as '
Is difficult. Edward Howard r