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IMPORTANT FACTS REGARDING PRUNING
AND OTHER NECESSARY WORK IN VINEYARD
First Trimming After Planting May Be Done Any Time During
Winter When Vines Are Dormant and Ntt Frozen Va
rieties Require Different Methods.
,py CTOROB C. I IUFSM ANN, Pomolo-i-t-t,
United States Department of At
rlrulture.) In vlucyard grafting, many opera
tors, a month or so before grafting,
cut oil the stem of the vine an Inch
0r two above where I. In to be grafted
o that the atock may bleed profusn
j. Water sprouts that otherwise
would appear are thus to a great ex
In cleft grafting, the vines arc cut
o!T ut a smooth place near and pre
ferably a little above the Burfuce of
i!,r ground, unless It la desired to
have the Krafts establish themselves
on their own roots, as It makes the
n mnval of water sprouts and roots
starting from the scion much easier
end lessens the danger of Injuring the
Vines headed back for different systems of training: A, The spur and
fjn iystem; B, the four-arm renewal eystem; C, the two-arm Knlffin,
Munton, umbrella, and overhead systems.
scion before it is thoroughly knitted
to the stock.
The first pruning after planting may
be iloue any time during the winter
when the vines are dormant and not
frozen. The extent of pruning will
d.'pi'nd on the growth made. If the
prowl h has been small, all the canes
esci-pt the strongest should be re
moved, and this one cut back to two
(yes. If a strong 3rowth has been
made and there is ono straight well
ripwird cane, all other growth should
bo removed and this cane cut back to
Die height ut which It is Intended to
it ad the vine. The cane should be
tied securely and, as it is to become
and remain the trunk or main body of
the vine, should be kept as nearly
wet and straight as possible.
Where the vine was cut back to
two buds only ono should be allowed
to grow. All other young shoots
should be removed, preferably when
quite young and not more than three
or four Inches long. This concen
trates all the force and growth of the
plant Into the cane, whloh Is to be
come the trunk of the vine. The
hoot left to grow must be kept care
fully tied to the stake to cause it to
row erect and also to protect It from
being broken by the wind or other
agency. When a shoot has grown to
V J nM'i V )
A vine pruned according to the four-cane Knlffin system: C, Cane,
tailed shoots when green and canes when mature; Sp, spurs, canes cut
back to one to four eyes; T, trunk, the stem or main body of the vine; a,
c, d, arm.
TRYING A SMALL
FLOCK OF SHEEP
For Ail-Around yid General Pur
pose Animal None Better
Phi ep raising on a small scale is al
most universally profitable on almost
"'ry farm, but whon more than a
small flock is kept quite a different
"ropoeltlon is involved, says the l'ro
WKsive Farmer. With a small floik
o special pastures are required, they
ha housed In buildings and used
f"r the other stock without crowding
i"l require little feed and practically
o Rl)i!ciul attention. When a larger
""'It ig jjppt two or more pastures
"'"mid be maintained, ample houses
tor keeping dry without crowding
provided, and an abundance of sult
nlile f,,,.d supplied.
For (he south wc are Inclined to
tovor the Shropshire. Southdown and
Hornet. For an all-round and gen
r purpose sheep there is probably
gibing better than the Shropshire.
The Uorsets produce early lambs
a foot above where It is intended to
head it should be topped slightly
above where the bead Is to be, caus
ing laterals to grow where they are
desired. Only such shoots should be
allowed to grow as are needed for
shaping the vine for the following
season. All suckers should be prompt
By the third year all vines, should
have erect, straight stems with two
or more canes growing from the prin
cipal part, out of which the head or
crown 1b to be formed and from which
the growth of the vlue is to be re
newed from yenr to year.
The vine, when permitted to do so,
bears Its fruit on shoots from the
last year"s wood growth; therefore,
the cardinal point underlying all cor-
rect pruning, be the method of train
ing what It may, is first to grow and
shape or adjust the main body or
permanent part of the vine to the
method of training deeircd. After
this has been done the growth on
this, the fruiUbearinc part of the
plunt, should be so pruned that it will
he renewed from year to year, never
allowing the plant to overbear but
making it bear to its full capacity. If
this is done the body of the plant
gradually becomes stronger and its
fruiting capacity increases corre
spondingly, no wasteful plant growth
is allowed at the expense of fruit
age, and the vines are easily kept
clear of insects and fungous diseases.
The manner of renewing the growth
on the body of the vine so as to leave
the body permanent Is illustrated.
Not only do different countries have
different methods of pruning and
training, but methods often vary in
the several districts of the samo
country. The inherent peculiarities
of the varieties themselves often re
quire special methods to obtain the
best results. No attempt is made to
describe methods other than those
that appear most applicable and hare
proved most satisfactory for the grape
species grown In various parts of the
and being good milkers, the Iambs
grow rapidly. As a matter of fact,
however, any breed of sheep will
prove satisfactory if given the care
and feed which they need. It Is
probably a fact, however, that ex
cept on the highest and d est lands
sheep are more likoly to suffer from
parasites and not do so well In the
south as in the dryer and colder
climates of the north. We are not
inclined to give livestock as much
care us they receive in the north, and
really to raise sheep successfully we
believe they require more care, es
pecially if kept In large flocks.
We advise the beginner In this line
of stock raising to procure the best
native ewes obtainable In his locality
and then buy a pure-bred ram and
with this small flock learn the busi
ness thoroughly before attempting
to raise sheep in large numbers.
Method of Hoeing.
In hoeing a long, slow movement
should be made, If the soil is in good
condition. Simply "scuffing half an
Inch of the top soil is enough to kill
weeds and one can go over a lot of
ground In one day If the hoe Is sharp
and bright and the strokes long and
It was a vasrom winter wind.
Came nowllno; up tlie hill:
With puffing rhecks he wildly dinned
Ills way whero all v. us Ftlli;
He shouted through the forest deep.
And stnrtled nil the leaves.
And warned them of the romlng sleep
When stricken summer grieves.
lie swept across the level field.
And seared the lowly sod;
Yet one therA was who would not yield
The I.iidy CJoldenrod.
She flnunted still her crown of gold;
A sly coquette she swayed
And tren-bled nt his hearing bold
Hut she was unafraid.
Us came careening o'er the land.
And sang:: "Afar I've come
To place the scepter In the hand
Of Queen Chrysanthemum!"
Ills was the gnyewt crowning blast
That ever yet was blown,
When Queen Chrysanthemum at last
Went proudly to her throne.
It wns a vagrom winter wind,
Went shouting down the hill;
A wild buffoon, he madly grinned
At his face, In the rill.
He threw a kiss to all the leaves.
Who fled, surprised and hushed
And there, where stricken summer
They Bhyly bent, and blushed.
The Necessary Signs.
"I wish," says the stranger who en
ters the slgn-palnting establishment.
to secure a bunch of window cards
for my auction sale of Oriental cu
rios." "All right, sir," answers the sign-
painter. "I will send you Just what
you want In half an hour."
When the man departs, tbe sign
man selects the following:
"Sale Now On."
"One More Week."
"This Is the Last Week."
"Positively the Last Week."
"Only One More Week."
"Sale Ends Wednesday."
"Tour Last Chance."
"One More Week Only."
"Sale Ends Tomorrow."
"Safe Ends Today."
"We Close Saturday."
"This Room for Rent."
"There," muses the sign dealer,
"that bunch will run him for about
four months. I guess that will do
"It Is a very handsome banner,"
says the chairman of the Prohibition
"You bet," says the painter. "I re
gard that as the best piece of work
I've turned out this fall."
"Rut the colors seem rather dim,
don't you think? The banner doesn't
look durable to me."
"Well, you see, considering that It
is a Prohibition banner I felt that It
would be more fitting to do it in wa
The Honest Coal Dealer.
"No," declared tho honest coal deal
er, "I shall not increase the price of
coal from my yards a penny."
"Ah, noble man!" exclaimed the
listeners. "You are a true friend to
humanity. You may take our orders
"I will take your orders If you so
desire," said the dealer, "but I havo
no coal in my yards."
Get One of Them Right.
"I wonder why so many men live
double lives," says the earnest student
"It may bo." ventures the equally
earnest student of human nature,
"that they do so In order to correct
in one of the lives the mistakes they
make in the other."
Reason Was Plain.
"ily husband has deserted mo and I
want a warrant," announced the large
"What reason did he have for de
serting you?" asked the prosecutor.
"I don't want any lip from you. I
want a warrant. I don't know what
reason he bad."
"I think I understand his reason,"
aid the official feebly, as he proceed
d to draw up a warrant
Painful, Knotted, Swollen
Veins, Milk Left, Mam
mitis, Old Sores, Ulcers.
s healing, soothing,
strengthening and invig
orating allays pain and
inflammation promptly. Germi
cide and antiseptic.
Mrs. R. M. liemk-r, R. D. No. i.
Federal, Kan., had enlarged veins
that finally broke, causing con
siderable loss of blocd. Used
ABSORBINE, JR. and reported
Nov. 5, 1910, veins entirely healed,
swelling and discoloration gone and
has had no trouble with them since
July, 1000. ABSORBINE, JR.,
is invaluable a9 a general house
hold liniment, for the cuts and
bruises that the children get, croup,
decp-scated colds, stiff-neck, sore
throat. Removes fatty bunches,
goitre, enlarged glands, wens,
cysts, weeping sinews, etc. Ji.oo
and $2. 00 per bottle at druggists
or delivered. Book 3 G free.
Quite the Thing.
"I told you that if you came tomor
row morning I would give you the
money for my wash. Why did you
come tonight?" said Miss I'hilis to the
daughter of her laundress.
"I know you sold tomorrow morn
ln'," responded the girl, "but me moth
er she told me to come tonight, "cause
the was afraid you might be gone
away by tomorrow mornin'."
"I certainly should not go wltlu.ut
paying my laundry bill," said Miss
! hills sharply. "No rcspi clable wom
an would do such n thing.''
"Oh. yes, ma'am, they would," re
plied the child knowingly. "There's
Iota c respectable ladies does.-'
THE RIGHT SOAP FOR BABY'S i
la the care of baby's skin and hair,
Cutlcura Soap is tho mother's fa
vorite. Not only is it unrivaled in
purity and refreshir.p; fragrance, but
its gentle emollient properties are
usually sufficient to ailny minor Irri
tations, remove redness, roughness
nl chafing, soothe sensitive condi
tions, and promote fkin and hair
health generally. Assisted by Cutl
cura Ointment, it is most valuable In
tho treatment of eczemas, rashes nnd
jther itching, burning infantile erup
tions. Cutlcura Soap wears to a wafer,
aften outlasting several cakes of ordi
nary soap and making its use most
Cutlcura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Sample of each
free with 32-p. Skin Book. Address
(ost-card "Cutlcura, Dept. L, Boston."
No Strangers Allowed.
Frank H. Hitchcock, the postmaster
general of the United States, takes the
deepest interest in even the smallest
details of the postal service. One eve
ning he was at the Union station in
Washington, when he decided to go
into one of the railway mall-service
into one of the railway mail-service
cars to see how the mail matter was
being handled. Being a tall man and
very athletic, he easily swung himself
from the platform into the car, but he
did not find it an easy matter to stay
put. A burly postal clerk grabbed
him by the shoulders, propelled him
toward the side door, and practi
cally ejected him to the platform be
low. "What do you mean by that?" ask
ed Hitchcock Indignantly.
"I mean to keep you out of this
ear," replied the clerk roughly. "That
fellow Hitchcock has given us strict
orders to keep all strangers out of
these cars." Popular Magazine.
Paid Minister in Tinfoil.
The meanest man in the world has
been found. He is tho man who gave
the Uev. Thilo Gore, pastor of the
German Lutheran church, an envelope
filled with tinfoil for marrying him.
The bride and groom rang Dr,
Gore's doorbell lato one night and
asked him to marry them. As they
had a license, he did so. After the
ceremony was performed the man
handed the minister an envelope
which was supposed to contain the
fee. He found it contained nothing
but several pieces of tinfoil. Chicago
"I see where Smith went to the
"How did that happen?"
"lie's a bill poster."
"There is nothing in this place but
"Just my hard luck."
Constipation causns and approvalm many
serlout dlneaxes. It la thoroughly cured by
Dr. I'lerco's Pleasant reikis. Tho fovorluj
family laxative. Adv.
Perhaps a man can't be married
against his will, but many a poor man
discovers later that he was married
against his better judgment.
Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing- Bjrnip for Cbildren
tmhlng, softens tbe gums, rluc-es Inflamma
tion, allays paln,cures wlud colic, Sc a buttle. Mi.
Unfortunately charity (doesn't seem
to possess any of the qualities cf a
NOT A BOOM, BUT DUE TO NAT
One of tho largest hanks In Holland
has born doing a bi buriness In
Western Canada, and -Mr. W. Wester
man, the lTesidunt, on ft recent visit
Into the Provinces of Manitoba, Sas
katchewan and Alberta, expressed
hltuself ns being much impressed with
present conditions and propped, and
was convinced that the treat pros
perity of the Dominion was not a
boom, but merely the outcome of nat
Not enly has money been limited
largely In Western Canada by (hit
Holland Hanks, but by thono of Ger
many, France, as well ns Great lirlt
ain. Not only are these countries con
tributing money, but they ar.i rtl-o
contributing people, hard headed, in
dustrious farmers, who ure helping to
produce the two hundred million bush
els of vhent nnd tho three hundred
million bushels of tho other email
grains thut tho Provinces of the
West hnve harvested this season.
During the past fiscal year there
came Into Canada from tho Vmted
States 133,710; from Austria Hungary
Sbl.-il; from Belgium l.C.OI; Ilulhind
1.077; France 2.0H-1; Germany .Cfi1;
Swvden 2.334; Norway 1.092; nnd
from all countries tho immigration to
Canada m that, year was ?:4,237.
From the T'nited States and fotelijn
countries the figures will be Increased
during the present year.
Mojt of these people have gone to
tho farms, and it is no far look to tho
time when the prophecy will be ful
filled of hnlf a billion bushel crop of
viheat in Western Canada. Advcrlisiw
Was Fun to Choose.
A number of drivers of racing cars
who were in Ixmtsville to participate
in the motor races were present at a
luncheon in honor of one of the lead
ing contestants, who told several au
"But my best story," said the race r,
"is about a taxlcab chauffeur. This
man was discharged for reckless driv
ing and so became a molorman on a
"As he was grumbling over his fall
en fortunes a friend said:
"'Oh, what's the matter with you?
Can't you run over people Just as
much as ever?'
'"yes," the ex-chauffeur replied, 'but
formerly I could pick, and chooHe.' "
Important to Motnere
Examine carelully every bottle ot
CASTOIUA, a safe and sure remedy for
infants and children, and sco that It
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Changed Its Species.
"Wasn't tho forbidden fruit an
"Yes, but at the time Hve handed
it to Adam it was a lemon.''
Borne folks calculate to get on In
the world upon the shoulders of other
people. Christian Herald.
Mnny have smoked LEWIS' S'infilo Hind
er ciprar for thn past sixteen yMin. Always
found in reliable quality. Adv.
A voice used too much In scolding
is not good to sing with.
v heat in Western Canada. Adveriiscw YQ
-. . - . i ITfl
UKLW int LIP4L-. 1JJ
Mrs. Wood B. Swelle Do you care 1 '0fe'&&
I for pate de foio gras?
Old Man Newrlche No, laa'am, I Ldfl t r?P',,V'i; '"i'i".''
oraw me line on grass. iiaien-nay vj.
breakfast foods are my limit! KSI
g rri: U ((sm
us me jL argct y 1 j
Aim to make that strong and digestion good and you I
will keep well I No'chain is stronger than its weakest fl
link. No man is stronger than his stomach. With 3
stomach disordered a train of diseases follow. I '
Pr-Plr Golden Medical Discovery j
mAem-C stomach healthr. th liver act! and the blood tmr. Mad from H
forest roots, and extracted without tho UN of alcohol. Soki by druggists, la B
liquid iona at SL0Q ir bottle for over 4X1 jrsars. glvuur sanaral aaUaiactioa. H
H M rem prefer tablets as madldee! y v. Pferw..M. fhea can B
K fca4 of anedlctne dealers ar trial bex ky laail OB recalal sf SOc lmatanavs. Bj
Bousof thoM ugly, srUzly, gray hair. Ua "LA
for Duke's Mixture
Good tobacco nnd n pood reel ! Tlint's surely a lueky
combination for the anglei and here's the way you can
have them lioth.
All smokers should know Duke's Mixture in.ide bj
Liggett , Mtirrt nt Durham, N. C.
I'ny what you w'.W, you cannot pet better frranulatreV
tobacco for 5c than the ng ounce en J a half sack cf
Duke's Mixture. And with carh of these hig sacks yoj
lct a book of cigarette papers FRl',1'.
Get a Good Fishing; Red Free
by saving the Coupons now packed in I.igffett , Mijtrn Duke's
Mixture. Or, if you don't want a reel get nny one of the hundred
of other art eles. In the list you will find something for every
member of tho fmiily. Piprs, rignretlp cases, e.iti lier's gloves,
Pray always; tut
don't let go
A CURB FOR PILES.
Cole's Carboltaslve stops Itching- and palo
and cures piles. All drusgists. 25andl0c. Adv.
Patience I see the suffragettes
have come out against the secret bal
lot. Patrice Yes, women, as a rule, pre
FOLEY KIDNEY PILLS
For Backache, Rheumatism, Kidneys and Bladder
nrninnr '"""' riohistin cubativs oualitics
UtljAUXt CONTAIN NO HABIT rOKUINd DSIUCS
" " ASK BAPE. SUHI, AND bV( YOU MONCV
3.00 3.50 M.00 4.50 AND s5.00
FOR MEN AND WOMEN
Daym W. L. Doualmm 2.tlO.
internet, Aeoauaa ono paf will petmltlvmly ewtmemr sn
natrs mf ordmmry aAosus, mmme) mm the mem'm mhoetm.
W.UDouglss makes and sells mora $3.00,$3.50 & $4.00 shoes
than any other manufacturer In the
THE STANDARD OF QUALITY FOR OVER 30 YEARS.
The workmanship which has mado W. L. Douglas shoes famous the world
over is maintained in every pair.
Ask your dealer to show you W. L. Douglas latest fashions for fall end winter
Wear, notice the ehort vamps which make the foot look smaller, points in
boa particularly desired by young men. Also the conservative styles which
I isve made W, L. Douglas shoes m household word everywhere.
If you could visit W. L. Douglas large factories at Brocktin, Max., tno e
for yourself how carefully W. L. Douglas shoes are made, you would ji - an
derstand why they are warranted to tit better, look better, hold "heir shape and
wear longer than any other make for the price. s(t Cdtr Zyettt.
CAUTION. To protect eu atainst inferior iboes, e.L. Douslas itaaipt bi. aaan la trie 'xt
torn. Lm for the staanp. Beware e aubtKutee. W. l boanlaa shoes are aold ia 78 own
stares aad shoe dealers every where. No matter where you live, their era within your .-each.
Ir wour dealer caaaoc uoolv vou. write direct In f.riim fa, r.uln. l.
KysaaU. AbaeasaaavavywfiMo.aWbveracaaeepraMud. V I lniaiai. -srlilt-B.Mass
CREOLE" HAIR DHE68INQ. . PRICE, SI.OO, retail.
. i ...1. -&yfc
Ciinirrns, watehes, todet articles, etc.
These hnntlsomo presents cost you
nothing m;t one rent. They simply
expre.is our appreciation of your
Remember vou still get tho same
big one and a half ouneu sack for&a
enough to roll many cigarettes.
Daring November am J Decern'
her only, we will tend car meio
HUirf rated catalogae of preientm
FREE. Simply send us ycur
namo and address.
Contort frttm Oulr'i fifitiurf mtv he
Uiurlrtl ntt lael Irtm HOK3t.
SHOli, J. T..11NSIXY'S NATURAL
LEAF. C.KANC.LK TWIST,
Iiom FOUR k()SFS(Wh ..,
im"!), PICK Pl.Utt c:ut, FIKIV
M()NT ir.ARLiTTtS, CUX U
CARtTlKH. end other tail or
cvwtffu Mitd by hi.
St Louis. Mo.
Gsf a Canadian Homo
In Western Canada's '
Free Home stead Area
ti.w..na. ittautcta Um.
ivffont it.w opportunity
to .tttcorf) Mscrof
el lent kr.uu.Uicu
For Grain Growing
and Cattle Raising
ttria nmvtnea hajrtan saoerlor nod
In printable asrttialUiro abow sn j
DDbmkrn pertuoVox over a quarter I
of a Oonuirj. I
PoifeFtcllmatot rood aiarket-u
railway otioTiilentifill ttici vi-f I
bat, and social ouoaiUoaa nuat I
Vacant lands adjacent to P-ea
Itomesuaila may he uurahaftiHl
and also In too nlitor district
emends can ba booabt at rvaaou
tot further DarUeoJars write t I
Q. A. COOst.
its w. Mb m sum r,, aa axi e a.
Canadian Ooremmenv Atienta, rr
aldre Hiiuerlnleiident nt
luiiulh'ruUuu, Ottawa, casaas.
IniUm. !.!. Houkeltae. lllsIM
an rafersuoes. Hast reaullaJ
N. U., ST. LOUIS, NO. 46-1912.
S2.KO A $3.00 Sohoe,