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THE DULY JOURNAL.
O. CLEMENS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1853.
TI&X1 CI Tfls DlIirTO&fiJiE;
laAJraaa, 93 for six mwtka.
NOTICE. Having ft Urge amount ef busi
ness demanding undivided attention, and which,
in addition to my editorial Ubort, it more than
I can welt attend to, and ai this will probably
continue to be the caie for three or four weeks
to come, I have engaged the servioos ef Rev
D. EMtaioir, for the time named, and who will
take charge of the editorial department of to
morrow evening's paper.
Wtdneidav Evening, Sept. 7M, 1853.
LATCH 0 k 00B5IB RONS.
On Wednesday, the 14th of thii month, the
Corner Stone of the new Christian Univeriity
at Canton will be laid with appropriate ceremo
nies. President Shannon of the Missouri Uni
versity and Elder Jacob Creath, of Palmyra,
will be present and deliver addresses. Hon.
Lewis Cass, Hon. Edward Bates, and Mr. O
If. Browning, of Quincy, have also been invited
to attend and addrress the publio on the ocea
ton. The "Columbians," among the sweetest
singers in the country have promised to attend.
Ample arrangements have been provided for
me entertainment or strangers, ana a genera
invitation is extended.
This college will be an imposing structure,
situated on a beautiful eminence, about a mile
from the river. It will be 120 feet front, in
eluding the wings, and the main building will
be 120 feet deep.
Canton is handsomely situated ; is a flourish-
ling town, and is improving rapidly.
Nxw Papeh. The " Central Missourian" is
the title of a new paper, te be published weekly
in the city of Boonville, by Benjamin F. Buie.
The paper will be independent in politics, and
chiefly devoted to literature, temperance, mis
cellany and general Intelligence. The first
number will be issued this month. Price, one
dollar and fifty cents, in advance. The editor
was for sotne years past connected with the
South-Western Flag," at Springfield, Mo.
Fall domino at Wholesale. See ad
vertisement of Webster, Marsh & Co., of St.
From ins Western Journal.
Hannibal aod St. Josspb. Railroad.
The survey of a route for the Hannibal
ind St. Joseph Railroad has placed the min
eral resources of North Missouri before
the people of the United States in a new
light, whilst the fact that this line of road
traverses a coal field for the distance of
seventy miles is calculated to make it one
of the most important improvements in the
Mississippi Basin. Coal may be regarded
as a necessary element for modern civil
ization, and the imagination can scarcely
grasp the extent to which its consumption
is destined to be carried in this broad region.
To give some idea of the growth of the
coal trade east of the Alleghanies, where
ffooa is much more abundant than in the
vast, we extract the following statistics
from the Railroad Journal:
In 18-21 there were 1,071 Tons con
sumed in the U. S.
1841 888.000 "
1851 4,285,730 ...
At the same ratio of increase for the next
decade the consumption- will be in 1861
seventeen millions of tons."
No apprehension need be entertained on
the part of the Hannibal and St. Joseph
Railroad company, that there will be little
or no demand for coal; it will not ke many
years after their road shall have been com
pleted before it will be taxed to its utmost
capacity to transport this one article. And
traversing, as it does, one of the best ag
ricultural district" of this great valley, it
will not be loig before a double track will be
f eeuired to do the business of the line. We
ract cordially congratulate the company and the
citizens of North Missouri in general, in view
of the brilliant prospects oerore them.
rangement of our Journal, we trust some other
occasion may arise which will enable us to do
more ample justice.
rjQ"The Daily News, an evening journal
issued at Newport, Ky., Is essentially a fam
ily paper." It is edited and published by
VV. S. Daily, and every type that goes into
its columns is set by his laughters. The
little girls set type with very great facility.
The paper is jjot ready, put to press and
worked off bv the familv in a matter of
course kind of way, just as the dishes are
washed, or any other job of house-work
Published by request.
Bsfars tta " Hannibal City Llqsor Lav Safsrai Atsetia-
Uoa 1H Sapc S, ISM. By O. Cisxim.
People often tell us that they confess freely
that intemperance is a great evil, but that it can
never be banished, and broadly assert, but with
out giving any reliable authority, which they
cannot do, that all attempts to suppress the
liquor traffic by law have entirely failed ( that
there is more drinking in Maine and other
States which have adopted prohibitory laws than
there was before their adoption ; that drinking
is done in a secret, underhand manner, and that
men "drink for spite!" If it is driven into
secret places, it will soon beoome disgraceful
in a greater or less degree in the estimation of
publio opinion ; and when that is the case, re
spectable men will not be in (Linger of becom
ing drunkards, and the sooner those who "di ink
for spite" kill themselves, the better it will be
for the community in which they live. So that
if the evil is driven out of sight, where it can
not tempt the unstable and unwary, it is a great
good accomplished. Wc have seen the most
favorable accounts from Vermont, of the oper
ation of the Maine Liquor Law in that Stole.
The Mayor of Portland, Me., in answer to o
letter of inquiry from a gentleman of Cincinnati,
(who is in favor of a prohibitory law in Ohio)
as to the operation of the Maine liquor law.
writes as follows :
Citt or Portia kd.
Mayoh's Orrict, AuZ. 12, 1853
Dtar Sir : The liquor law has been and is siill
enforced in thiso ity. We have no publio drink
ing houses or shops where liquor is publicly
sold, and our city is very quiet. But few rases
of intemperance ore seen, nuclease of crime be
fore our last court were much less than for some
years previous. Liquor van on purchased tree-
ly in our neul.borinir state, JNew Hampshire,
and in the city of Boston. Any of our citizens
can purchase there and take it to their houses
for use, but not for sole. I have no doubt there
is much drinkii'g in private, which the law can
not and does not attempt to control. So far a
meets the public ej e, there has been a very grvat
improvement in our city under the operation of
iours,&c, James B. Cahoot, Mayor,
Prof. E. Pond, of the Bangor, Me., Theolog
ical Seminary, in answer to the question, "What
effect has the law already produced?" any.:
"It has put an end to rum-selling for drinking
purpose, except in the lowest places, and in the
most private, sneaking, contemptible way. It
has greatly diminished drunkenness. I have
not seen a drunken man in our streets for the
last six months. At this season of the year with
all our lumbermen from the woods, our Irish and
Indians, I have not seen one intoxicated. The
law has made our streets quiet through the night.
Very few, comparatively, get into the watch
house. The House of Correction has been at
times, almost empty; I know not but it is so now.
The expense of paupers is greatly diminished;
also the expense of litigation. Hundreds of
thousand throughout the Slate, who but for the
law had been miserable drunkards, and whose
homes had. been the abode of the extreinest
wretchedness, are now industrious, sober citi
sens, and their families are living in compara
The Detroit, Michigan, Tribune says, "It has
been a source of universal remark that the
Fourth of July was never known to pass off in
this city as quietly and with as little "noise and
confusion," rioting and drunkenness, as did
Monday last. The beneficial influences of the
Maine Law appear to be working in advance,
and we are pleased to be able to record the fact
that there! were not half a dnxen drunken
men seen about the streets on the Fourth. Law
and order prevailed throughout the day, and
We are conscious of the iniostioe whioh we, when the larre crowd that had flunked into the
- it . ? mm T i ,. l . . . . .
o we cuiei engineer, J. u amenun, xq., oy wty rrom all parts or toe country, is taken Into
copying a part of his very able report without consideration, the universal sobriety that har
puUiahing tbe whole document; but as that was acterixod the whole celebration is remarkable,
not practicable without doing violence te tbe errand augurs well fer tbe upholding of the liquor
I am not quoting these testimonials for the
purpose of upholding the Maine Liquor Law,
out to show that it is possible to effect a vast
umount of good by the operation of lav, and de
ducing the the conclusion that if law can effect
so much in those States, why should an ordi
nance in Hannibal be expected to increase the
amount of liquor drinking? Why may knot be
expected with more reason that H will very
much diminish theomount of drinking, and force
the little there is to hide itself from publio gaze
like a guilty criminal P But if it will really
increase the amount of traffic in liquors, why do
liquor dealers so vehemently oppose the ordi
nance? If they could sell more, and that too,
without paying any license, their own interest
should lead them to petition for the ordinance.
Somejiiquor sellers in Maine impoverished them
selves, and actually be came bankrupts, by their
determined efforts to oppose the law; yet all the
time the cry was raised, or at least it is raised
here, that laws to suppress the liquor traffic
only increase the evil. The New York Her
ald, the'most scandalous, unscrupulous sheet in
America, has busied itself with publishing false
reports of the effects of the Maine Liquor Law,
and these have circulated faster than the truth.
Several towns in this Slate have succeeded in
suppressing the liquor traffic. I believe Fulton
is among the number; I am certain that New
London is. You cannot find a more peaceable,
quiet town than New London. It is said that
there is now more drinking now in Palmyra
than before the attempt to suppress it. I have
lieard tins denied; but, granting that it is so, who
is prepared to assert that any efforts arc made in
Palmyra to enforce the law? Perhaps they ore
like the people of Boston, who have the law but
do not try to enforce it. We intend to lunc offi
cers in this city who will perform their duty in
Bat wo arc happily able to produce still
more conclusive testimony that prohibitory laws
do not increase the evils attendant upon the hq-
uoi traffic. In a communication of Neal Dow,
Mayor of Portland, to the citizens of that town,
dated September, 1S51, he says:
There were in our Alms-house, June 2,1851,
(the law was approved on that day ) one hun
dred and sixteen persons; on the tirst Monday
of August there were eighty-live, and on the 1st
Monday of September, twenty one.
The Maine Law was passed June 1st, 1851.
From the Annual Rep.irtof the Mayor of Port
land, March 25, 1852, we take the following:
"At the commencement of the year, 1 expres
sed the opinion that the construction of a new
Alms-house establishment, to cost at leant $50,
000, would be iudispensible. If the pres
ent course of policy shall be steadily persevered
in, our alms-house will probably ufford abundant
and comfortable accommodation for all its in
mates, until the city shall be three or lour times
as populous as it now is. At the commence
ment of the year the number of open rumshops
of all grades, in lull operation, was supposed to
from 300 to 400; three hundred was its lowest
estimate; at present there is nut one. The re
ceipts of these places per day, at the lowest fig
ures, may be reckoned to average three dollars;
this for 300 days, would give two hundred and
seventy thousand dollars per year. This
amount will purchase 50,000 barrels of flour al
$5 each, or about five barrels of flour and five
cords of wood to every family in the city, esti
mating the number of families at 4,000. A
great many families destitute a year since, are
now comfortable and happy.
The following is t iken frosa a report made at a
meeting of the citizens of Bangor, in the City
Hall, Nov. 14, 1851, on the operation of tbe
Maine Temperance Law;
"We have obtained from the proper sources
the following statistics, whioh will illustrate
the matter in detail:
Commitment to tbe county jail, quarter ending:
Sept. 30,1850 Drunkenness, 12 Assault, 7
June, 30, 1851 do. 11 do 3
Sept. 20, 1851 do. 3 do 5
Showing a difference in favor of this quarter
of 6, as compared with the one previous, and
of 11, as compared with the corresponding one
Commitments to the city watch-house quarter
June 30. 1851 154 Cost $558 80
Sept. 30. 1851 61 " 375 73
Difference in favor of
this quarter 103" $18307
Number of plaoes where liquor is sold:
Last spring 106 1 Al present 66
Clinwirt m xtiminnfiAn at intni flA riv itant
'while the quantity told is estimated te be re-
. i J.. .' -J-i L- -jgjt.,ifflaQP3r?
duced 75 per cent. Moat of these are Irish
duelling of the lower clawhich cannot be
searched without express proof ef toie where
liquor is kept in very small quantities.
Quantity of liquor seised and condemned,
about 4,000 pilous, and a still larger amount
reshipped to Boston.
The state of the streets and city, according to
the City Marshal's statement, is "Improved
75 per cent." as compared with the previous
As concerns pauperism, -an overseer of the
poor says: "The applications for aid, for the
last three months, have 'not been half se mime
rous as the three preceding months. We tin
derstand that the extra help during haying on
the City Farm is all hired. It haa heretofore
been performed by persons comtoitUd to the
House of Correction for drunkenness, ef whom
there has never been a deficiency. Tkt rouse
of Comchon it now mpty."
The operation of the law will be te add sons
400 or $500 to the amount of the poll taxes ef
this city. In other words, it creates a body of
some hundreds of new citizens, in place of an
equal number of degraded and burdensome pau
pers, or of men who for charity's sake were
spared the tax.
Do you hear that? you who tell us thst to
suppress the liquor traffio will drive awsy
trade, impoverish our treasury, and exclude
Out-door expenses of the Pauper Establish
Quarter ending June 30, 1850, CO supported,
Do. Sept. SO, 1S50, 40 do. 406 43
Do. June 30, 1831, 49 do. 470 5
Do. Sept. 30, 1851, 28 do. 213 08
Showing a reduction of more than fifty per cent.
for tho last quurtcr, against twenty per cent.
Expenses of Alms House, resulting from in
temperance, in 1851 :
Quarter ending June 30, . $161 58
Do. Sept. 30, 5 02
Showing a reduction or $156 51, or ninety
seven per cent.
Cost of support or common drunkards in the
House of Correction, for Penobscot fount v. in
1851 : '
Quarter ending June 30, - $147 84
Do. Sept. 30, - . 40 67
Showing a reduction of $107 14, or 72 1-2 per
We have the Marshal's testimony that "en
sidcrable improvement" is manifest in tbe eon
dit ion of the intemperate classes, and that the
comforts of many families have been greatly
There arc attached to the above report some
arguments showing the comparative advantages
of the Maine Liquor Law. These I omit, be
cause I am not trying to vliow that the Maine
Law i better than any other kind of liquor law,
but merely that prohibitory laws diminish, in
stead of increasing the evils attendant upon tbe
We are said to be leagued with the abolition
ists. Last Wednesday an abolition convention
assembled at Syracuse, New York, at which
John Jay, John P. Hale, Senator Chase and
Garrett Smith figured prominently. An attempt
was made to engraft the Maine Liquor Law
among their resolutions, but they voted tbe pre
position down. The suppression of the liquor
traffio is a principle by itself, which has never
been, and probably will not be, engrafted into
the platform of any party, whig, or democratic,
or abolition, or freesoil, until it becomes very
popular, as it is now in Ohio, where both whig
and democratio candidates find it necessary te
convince the people that they are sound Main
It is said by some that the clause in our char
ter conferring the power to suppiess the liquor
traffio in this city is unconstitutional. It is well
known that the United States Government it
self prohibits effectually the sale of liquor ta
Indians, on account of the mischief it works
among that people. But this is not all. Her
are the opinions of several Judges of the Sit
preme Court of the United States.
Chief Justice Taney said :
" If any State deems the retail and Internal
traffio in ardent spirits injurious to its eitixea.
and calculated to produce idleness, vice and de
bauchery, I see nothing in the Constitution of
the United States to prevent it froea regulating
and restraining the traffic, or from prohibiting
it altogether if it thinks proper
" Every Slate, therefore, nay regulate Its)
own internal traffio aoceruing te its own jadf
ment, end upon ita own views e the interest
and well being of its citizens. (5 Srare,