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THE DULY JOURNAL.
O. CLEMENS, KDITOK AND PUBLISHER.
TU ESDA Y7s EPTE M BE 111 31 853."
TE&MS of the daily jockjul
laAdvauce, ...... W for six month.
NOTICE. Having a large amount af busi
net demanding undivided attention, and which,
in addition to my editorial Inborn, in more than
I can well attend to, and as this will probably
continue to bo tbe case for three or four weeks
to come. I have engaged the .services o Rev.
D. EutMos, for the time named, and who w ill
take charge of tho rditcriul (Irpartment o to
morrow evening's prpcr.
WtJnrsday Evening, Sj. Ilk, 1S53.
N. B. Mr. F.Mr.o is not responsible for
any political article or any expression of poli
tical sentiment that may appear in tho paper.
tenant for our jails, we have honestly supposed
that the number of such tenants vus a pretty
tood criterion by which to judge of the effects of
confirmed by tho fact that in our examination of
10 or is ol our jails in Western INew V ork, we
, , . ,r i ... loumi, ns we nave ollen stated, mat me law oi
ndon, last Monday week the 1845 rcdllced tho colnmitmPnU in 0H of them
mt and Mr. . was roboed cn,i(ierbly, in oi
Ne understand thut as Mr. ardeman of j prohibition. In this we were the more fully
Ralls county, was staying over night at Mr
Wilkerson Crawford's, half way between Han
nibal and New Lond
house was broken
of 250. and another srentlcman w ho was also
stopping there, was robbed of $50. The per
son who committed the robbery wus tracked to
the second ford of Bear creek, and then the track
was lost. We also understand thai there are n
number of runaway negroes in that section of
country who are alarming the people by attack
ing and robbing other negroes ut night, and by
inducing other negroes to run away.
Mr. Clsme-s : Willi miny thanks to the
members of the Hannibal Liquor Law Associa
tion, I beg leave to decline being a candidate on
their ticket, for Councilman.
Sept. 13, '53. FRANCIS SCHNEIDER.
Bax-CIkg House. Mr. Sclmcs has obtained
a license to open a Banking House in Hannibal.
Corbectio.t. We are authorized by Dr.
Morton to say that Elder D. 1. Henderson is
not the President of the College at Canton, as
has been stated, but only President of the Com
mittee ol Trustees.
Dthcrs one-half, and in a num
Jf" Barnum's great American Menagerie and
Museum are in town to day. The crowd of
people in attendance is about as well w orth see
ing as the exhibition itself.
For tbe Journal.
The 30th anniversary of the Salt River An.
ciation of Baptists was held w ith the Mt. Pisgah
church, Pike county, Mo., commenciii;
Peace and harmony characterized their pro
ceedings throughout. There were a number of
minister; present, and several able sermons
preached. A large sum was raised for home
missionary purposes; also, resolutions were
unanimously passed in favor of Sunday Schools
There was one incident, however, which oc
curred on the second day of the meeting, thut
spread gloom over many countenances. The
house, with its contents, of Mr. James Fryer,
a respectable farmer living near the church,
was entirely consumed by fire. The family
was at preaching when the sad accident occur
red; it was a new and large two story frame
building; several guests who had nut un with
him, had their satchels, trunks and clothes also
A subscription was immediately set on foot
for his benefit, and the congregation showed
great liberality. The amount subscribed and
paid in hand, is not correctly known by
JOHN M. JOHNSON.
September, 13, 1853.
Cottow. Mr. Stewart, Cotton Broker, of
New York, says, in relation to the coming crop,
in his circular to go by the Liverpool steamer;
"The crop prospects continue on the whole
favorable. The season so far has been a wet
one, and in several sections the plant has been
thrown, iroin tins cause, too much into weed,
ber of cases entirely emptied them, leaving them
without a tenant for months. Jails too, that had
never before exhibited such a spectacle. And
when we sec the same thing said of the jails in
Vermont, we suppose that (he same cause is
producing the same effect, and that where crime
and intemperance arc actually diminishing, there
cannot be an increase in the use of strong drinks.
Some time since, it was announced that the
jail at Burlington was empty, and now the same
is said ol that at Chelsea, ana we conlidently
anticipate that others, in the course of the year,
w ill be added to the list. '
And here we will make the remark in our pa
per, which we have often made to individuals,
that if vc had the pecuniary means, we would,
as the best possible thing to promote the passage
of a Maine Law in this and in all other States
where they are agitating it, take the most thor
ough measures to get the exact guage of poverty
and crime, us exhibited by the statistics of the
Jails mid Poor Houses of the States where that
law is now in operation. We can hardly find
language to express our regret that it should not
be done. It might be done in two months,
f To be continued.
Prutn tbe F-vlaiyr Whir.
The Marion county Temperance Society met
in convention, pursuant to adjournment, in the
Presbyterian Church at Philadelphia, on Satur
day, the 3d of September, 1853, at 10 o'clock,
T. H. Tatlow, President, called the Society
j to order, when it was opened with prayer by
try is attributable to intemperance, growing ou
of our license system.
Resolved, Thut all laws permitting the sale of
intoxicating drinks, except for medicinal and
mechanical purposes, is now considered pre-eminently
the scourge or the world, without one
redeeming qualification, and should at once be
repealed, and driven from the statute oook.
Resolved, That the friends of temperance
should make no compromise ask for no modifi
cation in the present license law, but demand
at the hands of our legislators, the adoption of
the Maine Liquor IjSW, or me enure promo
tion of '.he sale of intoxicating drinks as a beverage.
Resolved, That we, as members of this con
vention, believe that we are engaged in a work
of humanity, and that nothing should induce us
to flag in our zeal; but that we should quicken
our efforts, and continue our exertions m ad
vunuing the interests ol the cause, una use ev
1 1. ', ..' , :.i. r., ''I.
UVlMie till! IU1IIM9 VI lld-Wlt.
Resolved, That the next meeting of the soci
ety be held at Houston, on tho first Saturday in
December next, at 11 o clock, A. M.
Resolved, That the proceedings of the con
vention be published in the different papers in
the county, and that the different papers through'
out the State be requested to give them an in
Resolved, That the convention now adjourn.
T. II. TATLOW, President.
A. Steed, Secretary.
For the Journal.)
Mr. EoiTem :--As by request you published
the bane yesterday; will you be so kind as also
to administer, also by request, an infallible an
tidote. In denunciatory epithets' and cowardly
and silly insinuations the advocates ol pure
temperance cannot participate. They must leave
to the Hannibal anti liquor prohibitory city or
dinance party, all such weapons, as in exact har
mony with tho cause of drunkenness and de
bauchery, which they so jealously advocate.
Pase publish this note a:ul the accompanying ex
tracts. They are
from the Albany (X. Y.) Courier snl Journxt.
Just as much liquor sold as before prohibition,"
is slill the cry.und we have no doubt is honckt-
ly believed by some, but as the sale and use ofjery proper means to bring temperance reform
strong drinks produce drunkenness, and drun
kenness produces crime, and crimo furnishes
Rev. A. Greenlee
The Secretary, R. E. Anderson, Esq., being
absent, A. Steed was appointed Secrejjtrv pro
lem. 1 tie president being called on, stated
briefly the object of the formation of a county
society, viz: to unite me lricnds of the temper
auce cause, whether sons of temperance or not,
Aa Outllaa at Ssaator Atchison's Speech
Ang. 6th, 1853.
the Col. informed the people in his Kansas
speech, that the Osage and Kansas tribes in 1825
and the Pawnees in lbdJ ceded all their lands
south of the Platte and out to the Red River
and up to the head of the Kansas, &.C. Well
this is true and everybody knew it before th
Col. told them of it. Hut for what purpose
was the cession made? Did such treaties open
the IjikI for immediate settlement by white men
at that time, or at uny time since? This is the
question. I say no. Col. Benton says yes. The
terms of the treaty with the Pawnees in 1S33
are in these words: "Art. 1st. The confedera-i
ted bands of the pawnees aforesaid hereby cede
and relinquish to the United Mates all their
right, title and interest in and to all the hnd ly
ing south of the Platte river. Art. 2d. The
land relinquished and ceded hereby, o far as
the same is not, and shall not be assigned to any
tribe or tribes, shall remain a common hunting
ground during the pleasure of the President, for
the Pawnees and other friendly Indians w ho shall
b permitted by the President to hunt on the
Surely there is nothing in this treaty with the
Pawnees which favors Col. Benton's views.
On the contrary every thing is against it. All
the land ceded by the Tawnecs which "is not
and shall not be assigned to any tribe or tribes,
shall remain a common hunting ground, &c."
The land was granted, not for the purpose of
settling white men in it, but for ather purposes.
The treaties with the Osages and Kansas ce
ded their lands, after making certain reserva
tions to theaUnited States, without reservation
on the face of the treaties, it is true. But I will
venture to say, without having access to the
documents at this time, that the object of the
in discussing uie "Maine Liquor Law before purchase or those lands by the United States
rrf ' ii r i i irom me Kansas, usages una rawnees, was lor
i ne loiiowing ueicgaics were present, ana
handed in their names:
Palmyra Division, J. L. Flanagan, T. II.
Tallow. Round Grove Township, J. McCul
lough, Rev. T. II. Tatlow. Union Township,
Dr. J. Tipton, Israel Johnson, Rev. A. Green
lee, A. Steed. Several brief addresses were
then made before the Convention, and, on mo
tion, a committee of five was appointed to pre
pare business for the Convention.
Whereupon, I. Johnson, Dr. J. Tipton, J.
McCullough, J, L. Flanagan, and A. Steed,
were appointed said commiUtee.
The convention then took a recess until 2
o'clock, P. M.j at which time the convention
re-assembled, and I. Johnson, chairman of the
business committee, reported a set of resolutions.
the purpose of locating other Indians; and that it
was by both parlies so understood, and not for
the purpose of settling white men. And in
pursuance of this understanding and purpose,
very many tribes ol Indians were removed from
the Northern, North-western and Southern
States and settled on those very lands. Such
was then the avowed policy of the Government
me ouieci oi me uovcrnmeni ana me Indians
both, was to get the latter peaceably and oniet
ly from the midst of white men, and to settle them
West of the Mississippi river in a country
where they would be remote from white men,
and where they could indulge their ancient man
ncrs, customs and habits of living. But the
wave has followed them; they are about to be
swallowed up. I think I may venture this
But you declared this man crazy; and tht officer
of the Government threatened him with th
penalties of the law. But now all it chanced.
do not mention Sutherland's nam for th pur
pose -of depriving Benton of th glory ot be
ing the discoverer of this new doctrine.
Col. uenton admits that there are aets of Con
gress forbidding settlements on the United State
lands. But he says they are dead letter on
the statute book. Now this I deny, not for th
purpose of contradicting him, but because h is
mistuken; for these laws are every day enforced
by the courts. I will not ssy he is either igno
rant r jrwe. I also deny that any person
can under any law of Congress obtain a pre
cmption right by settling on any land in Nebras"
ka. 1 deny that Col. tfenten a map proves any
thing for him. His position it that there it Ter
ritory in Nebraska open to settlement by whit
men. I deny it. He msy be right, ana I may
be wrong. But one thing I cannot be wrong in.
and that is, his map proves nothing for him.
Col. lienton says that 1 hate mad "a great pa
rade of paint and penalties, military and civil.
which cm zens wouiu incur oy acung on my
(B.'s) representations of the state of tho coun
try. Now, I made no parade about the matter.
"Parading' is the peculiar characteristic-of the
gentleman himself. He has "paraded" map
which 1 say proves nothing for bim. Instead
of calling on the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
for the mip, why did he not simply ask him or
the Secretary of the Interior lor bit opinion
whether any country west of Missouri or- Iowa
could under the existing lawt and treaties be
settled by white men? If so, what country?
This would have settled the matter with me,
and would have been more satisfactory to- our
people who uesire to emigrate to Nebraska.
But the Colonel has a map which is of but' little
service in settling the question at issue. The
dav after I read the Col.'s letter to th citizens
ofM onroe, I addressed a letter to the Secretary
of the Interior asking him his opinion to wheth
er any portion of the Nebraska Territory's open
to settlement by white men.' And if so, what
portion.-' if the secretary can consistently with
his duty answer me, then the question' is settled.
lie is the officer of uovernment who hat
charge of the administration of our ipublio-lands
and Indian relations. The very man- whoso
opinions are to be respected in relation to thbs
ubiects. They are to be observed unless -the
President orders otherwise, or thevwre reversed
by the decision of the Courts. I expect an an
swer from the Secretary in a few weeks.
When I receive it, I will ask the favar of friend
Park to publish it in his very respectable paper,
for the information of all concerned:. I have no
pride of opinion in the matter.- I 'car not
whether Col. Benton should be right or 'wrong.
ii.neeii i raiuer nope ne may be riint. Many of
our citizens are anxious to go into that country.
i trust mat mey may be gratill.: IttK-iJbl.
Benton says that the opinion I expressed. -dis
senting from him was calculated "to-do treat in
jury to the people of the Slate." Now I do not
see how my opinion can do the least injury to th
people or the Slate. If they act upon it theytan
sustain no injury, whether it be w right or wrong.'
But if they act upon Col. Benton's opinion and
ne suouiu oe misuwen in me law, ineomeyHnll
sustain great injury. For it is no small matter
for a poor man to leave hia home in Missouri
anJ travel hundreds of miles into th Indian'
country and then be driven back. I bava wit
nessed such scenes; and would be veryiinwtl- -ling
to bear the weight of all the curses of men,
women, and children, which will be heaped on
the head of the honorable gentleman if be should
be mistaken in his opinion. I, therefor, again,
at the risk of doing "great injury to th people
oi uie oiaie, aavise uiem not to act upon the
opinion of our old Senator until they hear fur -ther.
To b continued.
which being thoroughly discussed by Wm.inuuk without shedding an Indian tear, nr being
Va ker, Eq., Rev . A. Greenlee and T. H. under the necessity of drying it up.
Tatlow, Dr. J. Tipton, J. McCullough, A.l Now Col. Bent
on says that since 1S25 and
Steed, and others, were amended and unani- 1S33, the dates or the treaties with the Osages,
mously adopted as follows: KwiM Bnd pa.vnee!li mucu the iargest porlion
Resolved, T hat the organization of county of that country has been open to settlement by
Temperance societies is one of the best means White men and is still so. Is it not strange then,
.vK..w i .ssvUa n me vnujg in IIICILIVC are liIInw rili7n if I Kontnn tm viarlit in
a its .... I " . 7 jJ w I a iKiia ai ill
ana paruai compiainis oi uie lorms shedding and e"g"K. mroug.ioui uie oxaie; anajve recom-" opinion thus expressed that the discovery has
of worms are heard or. Should we have dry mend the formation or such societies in the dir. for the first time been made by him within the
wuicuiuni iuis u.r, unu laie irosi, we snail jiticunuumii;. picaruuuy 10 mus oiaie con-1 lust tew months? Is it not strange Uiat all tin
venuoiu ! country in the boundaries of Nebraska has been
c.u,cu, noi un mwi licensing men io sen deemed and treated as Indian country, by
intoxicating liquors as a beverage, is wrong in; our Government and by our citizens. But now
principle, at war with the best interests of aoci- ; all at once our old Senator hat broken out, as
eiy, ana ceieais ine oojeci ii is intended to ae- J we say, in a "fresh place." He haa found
compusii: lor while government builds penilen-; "mare's nesL" But now in what I have just
uanes, ir, licenses men to nil them with crimi-'aid,I may have done one General Sutherland
rials; it builds poor houses,. and licenses men to' (commonly called old Nebraska) injustice; who
fill them with paupers; and then unjustly taxes as I am informed, was among you a year or two
the innocent and unoffending to support such in- since beating up recruits to settle Nebraska, de
stitutions. It is an undeniable fact that three- claring that this country which will bo designa
fourths of the rrimx and munrri.a l ili -..i... j rv i rt . ... .
... . , , , lcu on urmen s map, is open lor seuiemcm.
have a good and possibly a very large crop.
From the character of the weather which has
prevailed, speculation of injury from worms, or
an early frost, haa at times been the current be
lief, but not sufficiently to start a speculative
A woman whose weight is stated to be 764
pounds, and whose age is 37 years, is on exhibi
tion at No. 410 Broadway. She is claimed to
be th largest woman in the world. She cer
tainly is a great curiosity. N. Tribune.
AIixnesot. The climate and airrienlttrral
features of Minnessota are similar to Vermont,
isew Hampshire and Maine, with this differ
ence, tn wit : In place of the rumnA hill nf
New England, Minnesota abounds in ferula
and easily cultivated lands, level or slightly un-
The New England man ha marked charac
teristics, and he loves the steady cold wtatert,
with uniform sleighing in its season, at well aa
the genial rays of a summer's aun.
This characteristic of New England's laooriau
and energetic tons constitute! them th fit dwell
ers in Minnesota.
Accordingly, the result of out inquiries ahow
that the majority of the citizens and inflimnna in
Minnesota has come from New England.-
n . i. r .i i . . m - V m-.-
ii.rt inn irni lull Mr rv. r wnmni m . n a imam.
- - - " . a ii v-mi. w v
England of the West, rapidly flow th tide of
humanity, liberty-loving, truth-searching, phi
losophy-applying, equiiy-vindicatitjr, and law
abiding. As with the Puritans, th achool hoot and
the house of God were among their first provi-
ions so in xuinnesouu lnteUigeg
'CHEAPER THAN THE CTTEAPEST,
" KITES THAH tHS SECT."
h out Rult for Book and J Printing.
oxidxi for Cm Hiauu at a mM