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I N PRINTING CO., Publisher*.
WILLMAR~ I I I N N
Th German mails have been closed
to sausages so will be no longer
able to write to your friend in Berlin:
"Inclosed find four sausages."
Mark Twai certainly is a delicious
humorist. must have been laugh
ing to himself when he gave out an ex
tended interview in order to assert
that he would decline to he interviewed.
A London magazine has been discuss
in the question: Should literary men
a A contemporary suggests
at the point is of no more impor
a than these: Should publishers
prosper? Should critics keep cool?
Should poets sleep on mantel pieces?
Should electors keep hens
Train robberies have become so
frequent in the that one rail
road, the Oregon Railroad & Naviga
tio company, regards an investment
in bloodhounds advisable. A litter of
he puppies has been distributed
a the agents along the line, it
instructions to rear for the sole
purpose of man-catching.
According to the N York papers,
Charles Alvord, the man stole
$700,000 from the First national bank,
as one of the committee of three ex
pert appointed by the directors of the
bank to devise a system of bookkeeping
at would make stealing impossible.
would be much more capable of
writing a book on "Stealing Made
Th cotton crop of this country
amounted to only 5,000,000 pounds in
1793 last year it was about 5,500,000,
000 pounds, representing about three
fourth of the entire crop of the
world, and valued at $350,000,000. I
filled 9,500,000 bales, and the loss by
a incidental to the process of
taking samples as not less than $7,
The census shows that the United
States stanas fourth in population
a the great peoples of the world.
Th following table shows the relative
China, 386,853,029: India (British). 221.172,
952 Russia. 118,014,187 United States of
America, 76,295,220 Germany, 52,279,901
Austro-Hungary, 41,231,342 Japan, 40,435,
461 France, 38,343,192: Great Britain and
Ireland. 38.104,975 Italy, 28,459,628 Turkey,
27,694,600, Spain, 17,565,632.
Devotees of golf are fond of referring
to it as "the ancient and royal game.
I is probably more royal and certain
ly far more ancient than most of them
have any idea of. A all events a pic
tured tablet was recently unearthed
at Carchemish, the old capital of the
Hittites, whereon are dlepicted
and engaged in a pastime,
which, if not exactly golf as played at
present, is something extraordinarilv
Charles K. Flint's Arrow, under
contract to be he fastest ship ever
launched, has been pushed into the
water at N York. I has been guar
anteed by the builder that the boat
will easily make 43 miles an hour, and
in an emergency can be pushed up to
50 miles an hour. This seems to be
about he limit in speed at sea but
we at limit as
reached 15 years ago an 18-mile
an-hour vessel as built.
Ther are millions of people in
China do not yet and a
never that he Americans and
he powers drove he Chinese horde
before in retreat and captured
he imperial city of Peking Th late
mails from China brought copies of a
Chinese poster has been tacked
up in conspicuous places in of
he Chinese towns in which the rep
resentatives of he various powers are
praying to Princ Ching for
he cessation of hostilities.
he total cost of the Pan-American
exposition to be held in Buffalo, N
Y., year is estimated at $10,000,
000, and N Scatcherd, is
chairman of the executive committee
a that he resources in sight
a to about $6,000,000. Progres
on he work of construction is pro*
ceedin rapidly, nearly 5,000 work
being employed. he "Mid
a at he exposition will cost $3,
000,000. Th exposition grounds will
be half a mile wide and a mile and a
quarter long, and will comprise 350
acres. I will open Ma 1. 1901.
According to he recent census
he population of is $750,000,
for its 11,378 square miles of ter
ritor gives 593 inhabitants a square
mile, a in Belgiu the thickly
populated country on the globe. Hol
land's population is 5,145,000, which
gives for the 12,582 square miles of
territory 408 inhabitants a
square mile, a in the land of dikes
a windmills the second densely
populated country. I 1875 Holland
ad 3,767,000 inhabitants. Th
present population shows a steady in
crease of 55,120 inhabitants a year.
Molten is a invention by
Mr. Gall, inspector of forests at Le
mur France a of dry distil
latio and high pressure the escape of
developing a is prevented, reduc
in he wood to a molten condition.
A cooling off the mass assumes the
character of coal, it in
trace of he organic structure of that
material. Thi body is hard,
an be shaped a polished at will is
impervious to a and a a is a
perfect electrical nonconductor, quali
should a it especially
Je a commercial purposes.
l-rj TG In*
A WEEK'S HISTORY
The Important Happenings of a
Week Briefly Told.
IN ALL PAETS OF THE UNION
All the Latest News of Interest from
Washington, From the East, the
West and the South.
THE LATEST FOREIGN DISPATCHES
Ellis H. Roberts, treasurer of the
United States, in his annual report
shows that he net ordinary revenues
of the government for the fiscal year
were $567,240,852, the largest in the
history of he country, and the de
ficiency of $89,111,560 in 1899 was con
verted into a surplus of $79,527,060.
Tor the fiscal year ending in 1902
the navy will ask for $87,172,631.
he secretary of war as abolished
he military department of Port
Eico and ordered part of the troops
home December 15.
Honorable discharge has been
granted Lieut. Col. Russell B. Har
rison, son of the ex-president, from
On November 30 the national con
vention of he Woman's Christian
Tmperance union meets in Washing
I is shown by he annual report
of he life saving service that 2,607
persons were saved and 48 lost on
wrecked vessels the past year.
Th president formally asked his
cabinet to remain with him during
his second term.
In the past year the dead letter
office in Washingto received 7,536,168
pieces of matter, against 6,855,983 the
TH E BAST.
At the age of 48 years Fran Jarvis
Patten inventor of the multiplex tele
graph system, died in N York.
P. J. Fitzgerald, a former cham
pion pedestrian of the world, died at
Lon Island City, N Y., aged 53 years.
In N York Judg Brown, of the
federal court, in a ease concerning
pilotage decided that Port Rico is
not a foreign country.
The Montan a copper king, Marcus
Daly, died in N York, aged 60 years.
A a has been devised by Thoma
A. Edison to save nearly all the
present waste of energy in converting
coal into power.
Th great railroad a a and
financier, Henry Villard, died at his
summer home, Thornwood Park, near
Dobbs Ferry, N Y., aged 65 years.
I N York Mexicans were ar
rested having in their possession the
famous Maximilian crown diamonds,
worth $40,000, and other jewels, which
smuggled into the country.
The death of Capt. Joh Hart, of
Cuban filibustering fame in 1896, oc
curred in Philadelphia.
Th defalcation of $190,000 by an
employe caused the failure of Grant
Bros., N York brokers.
Yale college has offered free schol
arships to five Filipino youths
The Dowie colony of 25 lacemakers,
bound for Chicago, were barred from
landing at Philadelphia by the immi
W E S AND SOUTH.
In Logansport, Ind., Patrick Burk
celebrated his one hundred and first
A Indianapolis Gunn, aged 62,
and his mother, aged 86, were suffocat
ed by gas
In Alaska hundreds of Indians are
dying of cold and starvation.
he statistics for the year show 40,
900 births in Indiana and 34,999 deaths.
Idaho has a population of 161,772, an
increase of 77.387 since 1890.
Latest returns from Nebraska
that all republican candidates, state
and national, were victors.
he population of Colorado is 539,700,
an increase of 127,502 in ten years.
In Toledo, O., Amo Dice shot his
wife and himself fatally. Domestic
trouble as the cause.
I a fire 15 valuable horses and six
stables were burned at the Louisville
(Ky.) Driving and Fai Association
Th Gifford house, he leading ho
tel at Poplar Bluff, Mo., as burned,
four persons re cremated and a
others were injured.
us far this a killed and
badly injured is the record of
football in Chicago.
W. Rosentengel, one of the fore
German-American educators of
America,"* died of apoplexy during a
in of he faculty of the Uni
versity of Wisconsin in Madison.
A explosion of gas in a Baltimore
(Md.) subway partly wrecked 14
A increase in a as been
granted engineers and firemen of the
Chicago, Milwaukee & St Pau system
I Indiana 7,000 coal miners
out on a strike because operators re
fused to sign he scale.
a destroyed he Brooking
lumber mill at Sa Bernardino, Cal.,
the loss in $400,000.
Amzi W. Freeman a 79, for 30
years pastor of the First Presbyterian
at Aurora, 111., as found dead
in a chair.
Zeralda James id of Jess
James he noted southwester ban
dit, died in Kansa City, Mo
P. S. Batchelor killed A Williams
and Welbourn, his partners in
business, in a quarrel at Bonita, La.
Th exalted free mason in
point of rank in he world, Thoma
H. Caswell, died Sa Francisco.
J. W as convicted at Water
loo, la. of a in to kill his wife
by sending her an infernal machine.
I Cedar Falls, la. he corner stone
of he state normal school build
in as laid.
I a collision trains near
Kalamazoo, Mich., persons were'
I he lower house of he Georgia
legislature a bill to disfranchise he
negro as introduced. \^£9eS8r.aJP
O I N imnBiAicnsurctt. Hi
I the a of he a
City of Monticello foundered a 33
persons were drowned. ..
N Of in 6,000,000 natives re
threatened with death by famine,
In Manila the news of McKinley's
election as received quietly. N re
sult is expected until the insurgents
In recent fighting Gen. Fouri and
Commandant Prinsloo, Boer leaders,
were a the killed.
«The envoys in in have drawn
Up a joint note fixing preliminary
conditions to peace negotiations,
a being a statue to Vo
Ketteler, a personal apology to Em
peror William by a native prince, and
execution of 11 guilty high officials.
Th exposition in Paris, closed,
as attended by over 50,000,000 per
Th expenses of Great Britain in
the South African campaign are esti
mated at $500,000,000.
Advices say China seems to be will
in to accede to all the terms of the
conjoint note ready to be pre
sented subject to the approval of the
home governments, except the demand
for the death penalty against princes
and officials, which it is impossible
to fulfill while the court is in the
hands of these accused officials.
Transports Grant and Port Albert
arrived at Manila with six officers and
In an explosion in a mine at Wiosa,
Germany, 13 persons were killed and
The mail service in the Philippines
earned a surplus of $19,628 in the past
Records have been found in Pekin
that prove conclusively that Chinese
discovered America in 499 A.
In Montreal A. S. & A. H. Master
man, one of the oldest and best known
Canadian packing firms, failed for
A protracted confer3nce of the for
eign ministers as held in Peking,
at the conclusion of which there as
a general expression rf gratification at
the progress made toward reaching a
Virginia college, a girls' school near
Roanoke, Va.. was destroyed by fire.
Th official vote of Illinois gives Mc
Kinley for president a plurality of 95,
515 and Yate for governor 63,618. Th
total vote was 1,121,469.
he thirtj-fourth annual session of
the National Grange, Patron of Hus
bandry, began in Washington.
he cabinet decided to recommend
that the war tax be so amended as to
cut government revenues $15,000,000 a
Th census gives the population o*
Alaska at 12,652.
The complete official vote of Dela
ware for president is McKinlej 22,
457 Bryan, 18,856. McKinlej 's plural
Th grand stand at a bull fight in
Pedreguer, Spain, collapsed, killing 12
persons and injuring 200.
Student of the military academy at
Kearney, Neb., revolted, and a part of
the faculty and 200 cadets left in a
William M. White, implicated in the
Michigan military frauds, returned to
Grand Rapids to plead guilty.
Commissioner of Immigratio
Fitchie says a have arrived
in this country at the rate of 1,000
per day since Jul last.
Th recent earthquake in Colombia
destroyed 15,000 buildings at Caracas
Durin the ten months ended Octo
ber 31 the fire losses in the United
State amounted to $143,423,500,
against $111,654,800 im 1899.
Th census count gives Ohio a popu
lation of 4.137.543, a gain of 485,229
Georgia, 2.216,331, an increase of 278,
A London paper says Gen. Both a is
willing to surrender.
Th balance of trade in favor of the
United States for the past ten months
as $499,667,936, or $129,358,545 greater
than in the same months of 1899.
he executive committee of the Na
tional Business league a a cabi
net office of comanerce and industries
Postmaste General S it will ask
an aggregate of about $121,CO0,O0O as
the appropriation for the entire serv
ice for the fiscal a ending Jun 30,
MINOR NEWS ITEMS.
There are to-day in all countries
more than 3,000,000 Italian emigrants.
There are only about 180 living sol
diers are entitled to wear the
British Victoria cross.
Dr. Leopold E a he arctic ex
plorer, is certain that Lieut. Pear is
wintering at For Conger.
Unsatisfactory rate arrangements
it railroads a prevent the G. A.
R. encampmen in Denver.
Th an built the city hall of
Denver is now selling cigars and to
bacco at a stand in the corridor of
Th yellow book on Chinese affairs
published by the Frenc foreign of
fice shows close relations between
France and the Unite States.
Elbridge T. Gerry resigned the pres
idency of the N York Society for
Prevention of Cruelty to Children,
which he founded 21 years ago
There are 141 theological schools in
the United States, 52 law schools, 92
regular medical schools, 9 eclectic
medical schools and 14 homoeopathic.
Paper money is at a premium at
Nome Miners find it more convenient
than gold and pay as as
per cent, in excess of its face value
Col. Benjami West Blanchard, once
one of the most widely rail
road in the country, died at his
residence in Washington, aged 74
Th will of Frank Williams, late of
Johnstown Pa. makes a bequest of
$300,000 to the Lehig university at
Sout Bethlehem Pa., for he benefit
Admiral Dewey' collection* of gifts,
temporarily on exhibition in he Na
tiona at Washington has
removed to is residence In
Rhode Island avenue.
Only eight states have been uni
forml republican in presidential
a since I860—Maine, N a
shire, Vermont Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Pennsylvania, I a a Min
C. Oliver Iselin will a a the old
defender Columbia in he trial races
it he yach
being built at the Herreshoff shops In'
I., to defend he Americans
cup against Si as Lipton's chal
&r*.\ ~iA* rtJVji i* ...
1 3 & &
HIS VOTE IS LABGE.
President McKinley Reelected by a
iv 28 8 of a 44 7 Blee
tora Votes—Political Complexio
of the if S ii
\, —Governor* Chosen.
Washington, Nov. 12.—The latest returns
from the national election show that Mc
Kinley has received 292 votes of a total of
447. the largest ever given any president.
The plurality of the popular vote secured
by William McKinley will be over 850,000,
the largest ever given a candidate for the
office. The following table shows the re
sult in the various states:
States. vote. Plurality.
New Hampshire 4
New Jersey 10
New York 36
North Dakota 3
Rhode Island 4
South Dakota 4
West Virginia 6
Colorado ..., 4
North Carolina'. 11
South Carolina 9
Totals 57 33
Totals 155 608,500
Th Fifty-Sevent CongrCM.
Washington, Nov 12—The following
table shows how the senate and house of
representatives will stand. Official returns
may possibly change these figures slightly:
Rep. Dem Rep. Dem
Alabama .. 2 9
Arkansas 2 6
California 2 .. 7
Colorado 2 *2
Connecticut 2 .. 4
Delaware 2 .. 1
Florida 2 .. *2
Georgia 2 11
New Hampshire 2
New Jersey 2
New York 2
North Carolina 1
North Dakota 2
Rhode Island 2
South Dakota 2
Washington 1 2
West Virginia 2 .. 4
Wisconsin 2 .. 10
Wyoming 2 .. 1
In the states that elected governors
the result as as follows:
New York, Odell (rep.). Illinois. Yates
(rep). Indiana. Durbin (rep.). Michigan,
Bliss (rep.). Minnesota (in doubt) Ken
tucky (in doubt). Wisconsin. a Follette
(rep). Missouri, Dockery (dem ). Mon
tana, Toole (dem.). Massachusetts,
Crane (rep.). Utah, Wells (rep.). Con
necticut, McLean (rep ). Tennessee, Mc
Millan (dem.). North Dakota. White
(rep ). Nebraska, Dietrich (rep Washing
ton, Frink (rep.). Kansas, Stanley (rep
Colorado. O an (dem ). Delaware, Hunn
(rep). Florida, Jennings (dem.). Idaho,
Hunt (dem Ne Hampshire, Jordan
(rep.). South Carolina. McSweeney (dem.).
Tennessee, McCall (dem ). West Virginia,
ENDANGERS NEGRO VOTE.
Measur for E a a a
Qualification for Suffrage I
troduce in Georgia
Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 14.—Representa
tive Hardwick introduced a bill in the
general assembly Tuesday providing
for an educational and property qual
ification for suffrage in this state.
Th bill is similar to that enacted
in Nort Carolina. A bill similar to
the one introduced Tuesday as pre
sented at the last session of the legis
lature by Mr. Hardwick, failed
of passage by a vote of 172 to 3. Th
bill is expected to raise the issue of
a constitutional convention for Geor
gia, and is said to be presented for
that purpose. If the measure should
become a law it would greatly restrict
the negro vote of the state.
Nationa Counci of W
Minneapolis, Minn., Nov 14. Th
National Council of W an its
executive meeting here Tuesday. he
mornings are devoted to secret.busi
nes meetings at which a of
routine are considered and he after
noons to open meetings Th Ladies
of the Maccabees of Michiga were
admitted as a national organization.
A the in in he afternoon ad*
dresses of welcome re a by
Mayor Gray and Mrs. W. E Leach, of
he local council. Mrs. Fanni Hum
phrey Gaffney, president, delivered her
Halifax, Nov 12.—The steamer City
of Monticello, belonging to the Yar
Steamship company, has found
ered in the a of it an ap
palling loss of life. Of the crew and
passengers of he ill-fated steamship
34 persons are reported to have per
ished in the wreck. Some of the bodies
have already been a ashore.
Capt. Harding, in command of he City
of Monticello, as a those
as drowned A those per
ished, it is reported, were a
Cause Great a a
Washington N 15.—Mr. Russell,
Unite State a at Caracas, re
ports at he earthquake in Colombia
last as very re severe
an at first described. he people
serted their houses and in*th
streets a 12,000 a 15,000
buildings 'were destroyed or damaged
THE NATION'S FINANCES.
Unite States Treasure Roberta
Make Hi on the Condi
tion of the Treasury
Washington, Nov. 18 —The annual report
of the treasurer of the United States, Bills
Roberts, on the operations and condition
of the treasury, was submitted to Secretary
Gage Monday. Mr. Roberts says the growth
and prosperity of the country and the gen
eral activity of business are reflected in the
transactions of his office.
The net ordinary revenues of the gov
ernment for the fiscal year were $567,240,
852, the largest In the history of the coun
try, exceeding those of 1866. the next
highest, by )47,291,288 The increase of $51,
280.232 over the preceding year was con
tributed from all the general sources, but
chiefly from customs and internal revenue.
On the side of the expenditures there was a
net decrease of $117,358,388 in comparison
with 1899, so that the deficiency of $89,111,560
for that year was converted into a surplus
of $79,527,060 in 1900. The gross receipts un
der warrant, including those on account of
the public debt, were $1,387,299,262, and the
disbursements, $1,195,943,472, a large increase
on both sides over the previous year.
Promptly on the enactment of the new
financial law the divisions of issue and re
demption therein provided for were estab
lished, and to them were transferred the
records and accounts relating to the issue
and redemption of United States notes,
gold certificates, silver certificates andxur
repcy certificates. Up to October 1, 1900,
$22,530,854 in United States notes and $3,
594,708 in treasury notes were redeemed in
gold out of the reserve fund of $150,000,000
Bach day the notes so redeemed were ex
changed for gold from the general fund,
so that the reserve was kept intact in
amount and character Besides this re
serve fund, the trust funds, consisting of
gold coin, silver dollars and bullion, and
United States notes, amounted on the day
the act became a law to $723,062,283, and in
creased by November 1,1900, to $740,965,679
As the receipts of the treasury were
greater than the needs of the government,
measures were adopted by the secretary of
the treasury for the purpose of restoring
the surplus moneys to the general circu
lation, these measures including prepay
ment of interest and an offer to purchase
four and five per cent bonds up to $25,000,
000, and notice that the $25,364,500 then out
standing of the two per cent, loan of 1S91
would be paid on presentation. Up to No
vember 1 the redemptions under this notice
were $23,109,500. leaving $2,255,000 outstand
ing. The bond purchases under the call
for four and five per cents, amounted to
$19,300,650, with an additional $2,373,602 for
The exchange of five per cents., the old
four per cents and the new three per cents
for two per cent, consols, under the pro
visions of the financial act, has proceeded
steadily. The total amount of the ex
changeable securities outstanding was
$839,146,340, and by June 30, $307,125,450, or 36 6
per cent, of them had been converted into
the new twos. The premiums allowed un
der the provisions of the law amounted to
$30,773,552, and in the transactions $30,404,S50
was paid out of the treasury, after the ad
justments of interest and some other ac
counts. The saving of interest effected by
the operation is placed at $42,592,771, and
the net saving at $8,604,317. On October 1,
out of $296,755,130 in bonds held by the treas
urer as security for the circulating notes
of national banks, $263,075,000 -were new
The aggregate amount of money of all
kinds in circulation on October 1,1900, is es
timated at $2,113,294,983, an increase of $180,
810,744 in, 15 months, of which $94,440,930 was
du* to the enlarged use of gold and gold
certificates. The increase per capita was
from $25 38 to $27 01 The per capita of gold
at the latter date was $10 60, which is great
er than that of all the currency in 1862,
while the total of gold is greater than all
the circulation at any time previous to July,
The provisions made by congress for the
increase of the subsidiary silver coinage to
$100,000,000 have been a great convenience,
and the department, through the mint, has
been able to supply all demands for these
coins The amount of them in circulation,
which in January, 1890, was only $54,202,140,
rose by October 1, 1900, to $79,432,194. The
distribution of minor coins from the of
fices of the treasury and mint during the
fiscal year amounted to $3,174,971, against
$1,926,983 the previous year.
The national bank notes presented for
redemption during the year amounted to
$96,982,607, or 37 25 per cent, of the average
volume outstanding, an increase of $6,144,
306 over 1899 The expense incurred in the
redemption and assortment, including $31,
767 for transportation, amounted to $122,
985, which sum will be apportioned among
the banks at the rate of $133558 of their
THE DEAD LETTER OFFICE.
Its Superintenden Make an Inter
in of It Opera
tion for he Year
Washington, Nov. 14.—The annual
report of the superintendent of the
dead letter office shows the large in
crease of total receipts of undelivered
mail matter over the previous year of
nearly per cent. Th number of
pieces of matter received from all
sources as XSSO.ISS, against 6,855,
983 for the preceding year. Letters
and parcels held for postage
bered 144,619, and the misdirected
422,793. Nearly 35,000 letters were re
ceived bore no addresses what
ever. Th letters addressed to the
guests of hotels and undelivered num
bered 269,624. Th total number of un
claimed parcels of all descriptions
as 180,914. There were 660,461 pieces
of jaia.il matter addressed to foreign
countries and returned from, there as
undeliverable. Th number of letters
and parcels opened as 6,676,003, an
increase over the preceding year of
9% per cent. There were 50,553, let
ters containing an aggregate of $44,
140, and letters containing drafts,
notes, money orders, etc., of the face
value of $1,136,645. Foreign letters
and parcels found undeliverable and
returned to countries of origin nvm
A .Cabinet to Stay.
Washington Nov. 14.—President Mc
Kinley on Tuesda announced clearly
and forcefully to the members of his
cabinet his desire that they should all
remain it during the four
years of his coming administration.
His wishes were made in an
extended speech at the cabinet meet
in in he white house. Responses
were made by all of the members
present, and while there were no
definite pledges from a of that
they would accept the portfolios us
tendered afresh, there was on the
other hand, no definite declination.
Gen. W it Returns
Grand Rapids, Mich., Nov 15.—Gen.
William L. White, late quartermaster
general of the Michigan national
guard, has been absent for a
year because of alleged complicity in
the $53,000 military steal, arrived here
Wednesda from Chicago it
is mother, sister and brother.
refused to tell where he had been or
at his plans re for he future.
Hong-Kong Nov 14.—The bodies of
22 persons were killed by he col
lapse of houses on he shore in the
typhoo struck Hong-Kon last
Frida a been recovered.
More an 50 bodies have been taken
"from he harbo and 4 he remains of
a victims are to be found.
he a a to property and, orops is
THE INDIAN SERVICE.
Commissione Make Recom
a for Support
Washington. Nov. 12 —The total expendi
ture by the government on account of the
Indian service from March 4,1789, up to and
including- July 30, 1900, has been $368,358,217,
according to the annual report of Commis
sioner of Indian Affairs William A. Jones.
The expenditures for the fiscal year ended
last July amounted to $10,175,107. Of this
amount at least $3,330,000 was devoted to
the cause of Indian education.
Under the head of Obstacles to self-sup
port of the Indians the report deprecates
the ration system, annuity payments and
the leasing of allotments. The ration sys
tem, says the report, is the corollary of the
reservation system. The Indian population
of the United States is about 267,900, of
which 45,270 receive a daily ration. The ra
tion issued and its value vary according
to the tribe. Nearly two-fifths of the num
ber receiving rations belong to the great
Sioux nation. The ration has been grad
ually reduced in the past few years in ac
cordance with the policy of the Indian
bureau. If the Indian's claim for full ra
tions as a right is conceded, the commis
sioner predicts that the time when they
will be self-supportlrg lies in the very dis
tant future, if it comes at all A number
of the Indians also are assisted by occa
sional issues and at several agencies the
old and Indigent are provided for. These
aggregate about 12,570. Altogether there
are 57,570 Indians receiving subsistence in
some degree, exclusive of Indian children in
boarding schools The commissioner urges
that the indiscriminate issue of rations
should stop at once The old and helpless,
he says, should be provided for, but ration?
should be issued to the able-bodied only
for labor, while those who have been edu
cated in Indian schools should depend en
tirely on their own resources
Annuities distrubuted last year aggre
gated $1,507,543, the per capita ranging from
$255 down to 50 cents The report says that
large money payments to the Indians are
demoralizing in the extreme They de
grade the Indians and corrupt the whites,
they induce pauperism and scandal and
crime they nullify all the good effects of
years of labor Unscrupulous pe"ople induce
the Indian to go into debt, and then, when
the debt has accumulated and the Indian's
credit is gone, pressure is brought to bear
by the creditors upon the government to
pay the Indian so that he can pay his hon
est debts The state of affairs growing
out of this around some of the agencies is a
scandal and a disgract.
There are 250 Indian schools of all kinds
conducted by the government, and an in
crease of 1,412 pupils in enrollment and
1,142 In average attendance shown over the
previous year. About 8,000 of the 34 000 eli
gible school children are unprovided for.
Compulsory education of the Indian chil
dren is strongly indorsed, and congress is
urged to authorize the commissioner to
place every one of school age in some
school, the selection of the school to be left
largely to educated Indian parents
AGREE ON TERMS.
Condition of the in a Treat
id Upon by E
London. Nov. 13.—Dr. Morrison, wir
ing to the from Pekin Sunday,
says "Pressed by the common desire
for a speedy termination of present
conditions, the foreign envoys have
finally agreed to the following terms,
to be presented in a conjoint note,
which, subject to the approval of the
governments, will be pressed upon
China as the basis of a preliminary
"China shall erect a monument to Baron
von Ketteler on the site where he was mur
dered, and send an imperial prince to Ger
many to convey all apology She shall in
flict the death penalty upon 11 princes and
officials already named, and suspend pro
vincial examinations for Ave years where
the outrages occurred In future all of
ficials failing to prevent anti-foreign out
rages within their jurisdiction shall be
dismissed and punished. (This is a mod»
fication of Mr Conger's proposal)
"Indemnity shall be paid to the statei,,
corporations and individuals The tsung
H-yamen shall be-abolished, and its func
tions vested in a foreign -minister Rationaf
intercourse shall be permitted with tht,
emperor, as in civilized countries.
"The forts at Taku and the other forts on
the coast of Chi Li shall be razed, and i#e
importation of arms and war material pro
hibited. Permanent legation guards shall
be maintained, and also guards of com
munication between Peking and the sea
"Imperial proclamations shall be posted
for two years throughout the empire sup
"The indemnity is to include compensa
tion for Chinese who suffered through be
ing employed by foreigners, but not com
pensation for native Christians."
BIG SUM NEEDED.
E a of a Genera
Smith for the Posta Servic
A a $121,000,000.
Washington, Nov. 15.-—Postmaster
General Emor Smith has framed his
estimates to be submitted to congress
and will ask an aggregate of about
$121,000,000 as the appropriation for
the entire service for the fiscal year
ending Jun 30, 1902. This includes
an estimate of $13,500,000 for the
rural free delivery service. the
close of this fiscal year 4,300 rural
free delivery routes throughout the
United States will have been estab
lished, and the general extension con
templated for next year will involve
about 4,500 additional routes. Th
success of the service so far insti
tuted has resulted in plans for a very
general extension year. Th
postmaster general, together with
other officials, is investigating the
feasibility of in the service in
operation at every point throughout
the country not reached by the reg
ular free delivery service in operation
in the cities.
Causes a Seriou Hitch
De Moines, la. Nov. 15.—A literal
construction of the language of the
biennial election amendment to the
constitution of Iowa, which seems to
have been adopted by the people at
the election November 6, will continue
in office for another year every official
whose successor as elected at that
election. I will affect about 2,000
township, county and a officials.
It will at least cut off one-half of the
tenure of office of all these 2,000, for
they cannot take their a until 1902,
Boston, Nov. 12.—The three-masted
schooner Myra Weaver as wrecked
in Vineyar sound early Saturday
morning and six lives were lost. A
the lost were Miss Mary Emerson,
aged 23, of Mobile, and Miss Ella Deboe,
aged 15, also of Mobile. Th details
the disastef were learned upon the ar
rival here Saturday afternoon of the
steamer City of Macon, Captain Savage,
which rescued four survivors. 1
McGover W in Broad.,
Chicago, Nov 14.—Kid Broad,' of
Cleveland, stayed six rounds it Ter
ry McGovern at Tattersalla a
night, and although McGovern had the
ujgut au niuiuiig a jucuover na a the
BUSY LIVES ENDED.
Henr Villard a ad Ma&nate,
a Marco a Copper in
_few YornV-Nov. 13.—Henry Villard,
the financier, died early Monday morn
in at ii home Thorwood
Park, a Dobbs' Perry. Th causes
of death were apoplexy, from which
he had been a sufferer for several
weeks and an affection of the throat.
Henry Villard was born Heinrlch Hil
gard in Speyer. Rhelnlsh Bavaria, on April
Young Hilgard was educated at schools
in Zweibrucken, Phalsbourg and Speyer,
but in October, 1853, abandoned his univer
sity studies, and set out for the United
States, intending to join the colony of his
relatives at Belleville His father's opposi
tion to this step made him borrow the sur
name of a French schoolmate at Phals
bourg, and he became Henry Villard
Arriving at Belleville, he became a news
paper reporter and continued in the pro
fession until 1868 In January, 1866, in Bos
ton, he married Fannie Garrison, the only
daughter of William Lloyd Garrison In
1868 he was chosen secretary of the newly
founded American Social Science associa
tion, having its headquarters in that city,
and did not finally relinquish the post till
In 1890 he purchased from Thomas Edison
his electrical manufacturing interests, and.
with the Edison Lamp company of New
ark, N. and the Edison works at Schen
ectady, N. as a basis, organized the
Edison General Electric company, of which
he became president, serving in that ca
pacity for about two years
In October, 1889, he became chairman of
the Northern Pacific board of directors,
but the panic of 1893 again occasioned the
loss of most of his fortune and led to his
withdrawal from railroad management
N York, Nov. 1L. -Marcus Daly,
of Montana, died Monday at the Hotel
Netherland. Mr. Daly's death had
been expected for weeks came
me from Europe about the middle
of September, and soon afterward was
obliged to take to the bed from which
he never again arose. Hi physicians
informed the relatives some time ago
that Mr. Daly could not recover, and
they would give assurance of life
only from day to day Bright's dis
ease, complicated with heart weak
ness, was the cause of death.
Marcus Daly was born in Ireland in 1842.
He came to the United States early In
life and since 1876 had been a citizen of
Montana He became general manager
of the Alice silver mine and later came
Into control of the Anaconda copper mine.
At the time of his death he was pres
ident of the Amalgamated Copper com
pany. In politics he was a democrat.
The differences between Mr. Daly and
W. A. Clark have attracted much atten
tion. The trouble started years ago over
some water rights near Butte which Daly
wanted and which Clark bought, forcing
the other to pay a very high figure The
senatorship became the great bone of
contention between the two millionaires
last January, and Clark was elected.
Daly had the validity of the election con
tested on the ground of bribery, when
Clark presented his credentials to the
United States senate The use of money
in the election was freely acknowledged
on both sides, though It was claimed that
the expenditures were for legitimate ex
penses only The contest resulted in the
senate voting that there had been no elec
tion by the Montana legislature. This
year Clark made a fight for the election
of members of the legislature in his in
terest and won His return to the Unit
ed States senate next January is assured.
R. G. DUN I S DEAD.
he ad of the a us Mercantil
Agrency E in Ne Yor
N York, Nov. 12.—K. G. Dun, head
of the mercantile agency firm of R.
G. Du & Co., died in this city Sat
urday of cirrhosis of the liver.
[Robert Graham Dun was born in Chilli
eothe, O in 1826 He began his business
career at the age of 16 in a country store
Early in life he came to New York, where
he secured employment in the mercantile
agency then conducted by Tappan & Doug
lass. In 1854, six years after he first en
tered the employ of the firm, he became a
partner of Mr Douglass, under the firm
name of B. Douglass & Co Later the firm
was known under the name of Dun,
Lymann & Co In 1859 Mr Dun purchased
the Interest In the business held by his
partner, and was senior partner in the firm
of Dun & Co. up to the time of his
The decedent was a prominent figure in
the business world for nearly half a cen
tury. The wonderful development and
growth of the firm was due largely to his
Individual effort and untiring application
to the ever-Increasing details of manage
ment. Under Mr Dun's management the
scope of the agency has steadily enlarged
Every year has seen an increase in the
number of branch offices and the volume
of business done, until in the present year
there is a total of 150 offices located in as
many different cities throughout the world.
The reference book published by the firm
contains the names of more than 1,300,000
traders in America. The work of revision
each year involves the expenditure of about
A Great Casting
Milwaukee, Nov. 14.—Probably the
biggest casting ever made in the coun^
try as run into the* molds Tuesdaj
at a local foundry. Th casting is tr
be the bed plate for a blowing engine
for a Pittsburg concern and it weighs
110,000 pounds, all in one piece. I
making it the were required
to pour 126,000 pounds of metal. Th
plate will be 23 feet 10 inches long,
9 feet 9% inches wide and 5 feet deep
in he center. he cylinders of the
engine" will be of 40 inches, one
of 78 and he other of 76 inches, with
a stroke of 60 inches.
A Hote Horror.
St. Louis, Nov. 13.—A special to he
Post-Dispatch from Poplar Bluff, Mo.,
says A fire, accompanied with a ter
rible fatality, occurred here Monda
morning, resulting in the to a de
struction of the Gifford house, a large
three-stoVy frame building. he list
of dead is as follows: Hec
Clark, Doniphan, Mo. Rebecca Owens.
Poplar Bluff Shelby Hart, Poplar
Bluff Curley Berry, Popla Bluff.
Many others re fatally injured.
London. Nov 13.—Lord Salisbury,
the marquis of Lansdown and other
cabinet ministers arrived at Windsor
Monday afternoon, where the min
isters retiring or changing office sur
rendered the seals to the officials
a "kissed hands." Afte he func
tion lunched at he castle, re
turning to London by special train.
I it a
St. Paul, Minn., Nov 15.—The state
supreme court as decided at the
so-called "ja cure law is unconsti
tutional because it applies only to
counties of over 50,000 population and
it is limited in it benefits to a cer
tain number in each county, one per
year to each 10,000 of population.
.,- |«ee a Dragro Not Dead
fight well in a at stages he Servian legatio here show there is
never ad an opponent came back in he report, published by
at more stoutly and a E Paris Tuesday, at
as in he a me me a id Queen a a of Servia is dead. he
the stock little fellow, jwho ,£acfcd, legation officials have even heard
s^irt.B.^ ^^ji^g*^!* 1 that-1t he queen is .ill. ^Mzmg&p&F
Paris Nov 14.—Inquiries a by
a iv of he press at he