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FAE frfELDAND STABLE.
MATTERS OF INTER-
ES FOR TH E FARM. £T
Clover for Green Manure— Th
Art of Packing Butter—-Why g&*
Eargs Spoil—Dipping S jm
A Hellenic W a
Clover for Green Manure. "^great
After the firsfe harvest of clover the
second crop should be allowed to
grow as late as possible on land that
is intended for wheat or corn next
season. Th value of green manure
plowed under in the Spring or Au
tumn is not generally fully appreciat
ed. It is a mistake to take the first
growth, and turn it under, and tlien
leave the land forth followit sea
son. Th hay is lost by this opera
tion and nothing gained. Half the
real value of the clover will be lost
before the following season. It is just
as sensible to throw the manure out
of the barn, says Far and Fireside,
and leave it there for eight or nine
months exposed to the sun and wind.
the time it is ready for use
three-quarters of its strength will be
lost. Harvesting this season was
early. Plenty of rain made the grass
in most sections grow lively, and the
first crop was cut in some places a
week before the first of July. Since
then rains have been plentiful enough
to give the second growth a good
start. The consequence is if
no heavy drouth follows, a
second growth of clover and
other grass will be ready to cut.
But do not cut this. It is killing the
hen that lays the golden egg. If the
field is to remain for pasture or grass
another year, this second growth will
be needed to fertilize the new roots of
the following season. If the land is
needed for corn or wheat plow the
grass under late this Autumn. Allow
the Winter weather a chance to con
vert this green manure into good
plant food. It will rot and decom
pose rapidly under the earth, and by
early Spring will be ready for anew
crop The am point in turning un
der green manure, then, is not to let it
remain so long under the ground that
its strength is dissipated, output corn
or wheat on it at an early date or as
soon there after as possible.
The Art of Packing Butter,
The clumsiest hand can daub paint
on canvas, but it takes an artist's
hand and brain to translate the pig
ments into a masterpiece. So any one
can pack butter into a tub or pail,
but it is an art, requiring SKXII and
judgment, to pack it the best way.
An Ohio agricultural journal des
cribes a method of packing butter
which may fairly be designated as an
art. It inc'udes, in the first place, the
transfer of the butter from the churn
to the package without the use of a
butter worker, the butter being thor
oughly washed in the churn, and the
salt worked before the transfer.
Then with a fork or paddle the butter
is transferred to the package in small
quantities, and pressed firmly down
with the paddle or a wooden potatoe
The water that accumulates on top
of the butter is poured off by tipping
the package occasionally The pack
age is more than filled and then the
buttei is cut off the edge of the tub
with a strong silk thread. This will
leave the granules exposed on the sur
face, and the purchaser can see at a
glance that the package contains gran
Such a package bears on it the
stamp of an artistic touch, and it is
wisely suggested that if ''the maker is
sure that he can warrant it to be
strictly "gilt edge," he should not
hesitate to say so on a label attached
to the package, with his name and ad
dress. By this means he establishes a
relationship between himself and the
consumer, which will pretty surely
prove a profitable one to both parties.
In tact, this carrying of the artistic
idea into the domain of the practical
is one that deserves a good deal more
consideration than it usually gets. It
isn't a "moonshine", by a long way.
A package of butter, or berries, or
apples, or any other product that can
be made to look better by care and
skill, will sell for a higher price because
of the artistic touch—and surely that
is "business" in the truest sense of the
A Hellenic Warning.
A large part of ancient Greece was
covered with heavy forest, and it is
only within a comparatively recent
period that the land has been denu
ded of its noble woodlands. Now its
rugged hills and fertile vales are well
nigh bare of trees, and as a conse
quence the rainfall, that should be
ample, has so greatly diminished that
eerious droughts are frequent and in
creasing in length and severity.
There are theorists who maintain
that there is really no connection be
tween torest growth and the rainfall.
They point to the heavy floods period
cally occurring in regions despoiled of
their forests, and triumphantly cite
*the annual record of inches of rain in
support of their contention. Bu we
believe that experience will bear out
the assertion that in countries which
have long been denuded of their forests,
like Oreece and Asia Minor, the rain
fall has actually diminished, while in
those where the destruction has been
more recent the annual rainfall a
remain the same, or nearly so, for a
considerable period, but it descends
at longer intervals and in heavier
In otherjwords, we believe experience
has demonstrated that the forest
acts asfa necessary regulator of the
rainfall, causing more frequent and
gentler showers, and thus enormous
ly assists in the formation of agri
culture. The farmer dreads the rain
fall that comes in bulk, so to speak.
wants it in quiet •showers, and
this an ample forest growth secures.
We need in this country to take
warning from the condition of such
countries as Greece, and betimes to
put a limit to the destruction of
our forests, lest in their destruction
we jeopardize the interest of our
agricultural in «,***
ff. DiDDing Sheep. 71
Periodical dipping, whether sheep
are suffering from disease or not, is
now frequently resorted to by suc
cessful sheep-owners, who regard it
not merely as an insurance, but as a
profitable investment also: An Eng
lish flcckmaster says it has been
clearly shown that every penny laid
out judiciously in this way is return
ed 1 0 and 2 0 fold to the sheepman
and many are the instances in which
this has been gained in the wool alone.
Take, for instance, the usual cost of
dipping sheep, including the bath and
labor, all complete, to be one-half
penny per head. Abundant evidence
could be given to prove that the gain
to each sheep would, as a gen
eral rule, exceed 1 0 times that
sum, taking into consider
eration the improvement in fleece and
in flesh. Again, a flock which has
been properly dipped requires so little
attention, compared with a flock not
dipped, that the saying in this respect
is important—especially in the sum
mer months. Sheep that are suffering
from the presence of insect pests can
not and do not thrive like sheep that
are free from them. Dipping at pro
per times, and with preparations of
well-known efficacy, puts an end to
all these troubles of the sheep owner.
The gain is so great and the cost of
dipping so trifling that every argu
ment is in favor of periodical dipping
—m fact, neglect of it is the surest in
dication of bad management.—Farm
Why Eggs Spoil.
A fertilized egg when raised to a
temperature of 62° starts into life.
This process begins and stops these
hot days and cooler nights of sum
mer, and after a few starts the
embryo chick dies and rotting |begms.
If the egg was never fertilized it is
evident that it could not spoil. The
remedy is to take away the roosters
and let the hens run alone. One
rooster on a farm is sufficient and he
should be kept by himself except dur
ing the breeding season, when ten hens
can be put in a yard with him and
eggs obtained to set.
The hens, if brought up by themsel ves,
are perfectly virtuous and never miss
their mates. They will lay more and
better eggs, which adds a larger profit
to the farmer's income. Unfertilized
eggs keep twice as long as others and are
better flavored. The young cockerels
should be shut up yards by them
selves and sold or eaten as soon as
large enough. Generally about one
tenth of the fowls on a farm are males,
and they are of no use, except for the
table, where they should be speedily
sent. It is estimated there are 20,000,
00 0 roosters in this country, and
19,000,000 of them are an expensive
and useless nuisance.
Of our 44,838,365 sheep today in
the United Statesit is estimated 30,
000,000 are west of the Mississippi
Liook out for maggots under the
horns when they grow close to the
ram's head or about the anus of the
sheep that scours long. Cleanse the
affected parts and apply pine tar.
Never let the ewes get too thm be
fore coupling. They are less likely to
bear twins which are very desirable
if one fatten early lambs.
Wood ashes make a splendid fertili
zer for strawberries, raspberries, cur
rants and grapes. Arrange to save
all you produce this winter, and
keep them covered from ram until
ready for use.
Gardening and fruit growing are
the branches of agriculture especially
adapted to men of small means. A
little land suffices better than much,
and returns come so quickly that not
much capital is needed to carry one
until the harvest.
It is a foolish practice to plant the
seeds of cucumbers, melons and other
vegetables that suffer easily from
drought, upon hills or eleyations.
Better make a drill or furrow that
will permit of planting them below
rather than above the level. They
will retain moisture better in that
way, and can be more easily irrigated
if you so desire.
In order to possess horses of strong
and resistingjconstitution it is essentai
to give them suitable and substantial
food of which oats constitute the type.
Beans approach most to oats in point
to nutriment. Though horses appear
to relish Indian corn they do not
derive from it the strength and endur
ance requisite for stiff work, says the
Parmer's Review. Carrots rapidly
act on the digestive glands and so
promote the health of horses. Vrjlington,
Fo littleehicks, make aru of lath,
which ean easily be four feet square,
with a soap box for shelter, and the
chicks will have plenty of room, as
well as be safe from the cats and
hawks. Move this run to a new piece
of ground every day, so as to give the
chicks a fresh scratching place, and
keep them in the run until they are
quite large. They will thrive wety, and
but few of them will be lost.
TRADE STATISTICS THAT CON
FUTE THE DEMOCRATIC
The Fact That Democrati Wallers
Publish Side by Side With Dole
The editorial page of the Atlanta
Constitution for Aug. 1 6 blazes forth
inadvertently in the very eyes of the
free trade "industrial anarchists" and
calamity howlers this unanswerable
argument for protection:
GROWTH OF E SOUTH.
THE INDUSTKIAIi DEVELOPMENT DT THE
WEEK ENDING AUGUST 13 s*
The Tradesman, Chattarilfoga,
Tenn., has issued its review of the in
dustrial situation in the South for the
week ending August 13, and states
that its correspondents at all import
ant points in the Southern States re
port that in general business the con
ditions are quite satisfactory for the
season ol the year. Reports as to in
jury by the cotton worm are frequent
and the prospects for the new crop
are not very flattering production
will be materially decreased. The
cereal crops are in good condition
and the yield of corn in the central
South is larger than usual JThe
practical settlement of Hh
labor trouble in the iron region
shown by the singing of the
wages scale and preparations for re
suming by many concerns, will in
crease the demand for southern iron,
the price of which is still very low. The
lumber market is decidedly stronger
and a small advance has been ordered
in the price of yellow pine. The inter
est in the home manufacture of cotton
is still on the increase, and several
new mills are reported for the week.
The successful test of the new Tal
bot steel process, whereby Bessemer
steel can be manufactured at $1 8 a
ton out of southern iron, is regarded
by The Tradesman as the chief in
dustrial event ot the year, and bids
fair to solve the steel problem and rev
olutionize the industrial conditions
ot the South.
The Tradesman reports forty-two
The Tradesman also reports cotton
mills each with $100,000 capital at
Fayetteville, and Tarboro, N. and
others at Durham, Rutherfordton and
Smithville, N. and Concord, S.
tobacco factories are to be built at
Clarksville, Tenn and at Mt. Airy,
N. Carriage factories at Memphis,
Tenn., and Gaffney, S. a $75,000
planing mill and a $30,000 saw mill
at El Dorado, Ark., and saw and
shingle mills at Harrodsburg, Ky.,
London, Tenn., and Elizabeth City,
The flouring mills at Lebanon and
Sharpsville, are to be enlarged,
as are the gas works at Lexington,
Ky., theice works at Norfolk, Va., the
cotton mills at Washington, La., an I
Dalton, Ga., and the water works at
Spring Garden, Ala. The new build
ings of the week include business
houses at Huntsville, Ala., Knoxville,
Tenn., and Little Rock, Ark. a church
at Pensacola, Fla. school buildings
at Winston, N. and Fort Smith,
Ark. halls at Calvert, Tex., and
Crewe, Va., and a warehouse at Dar-
THE WIliL CHASE RAINBOWS IN E NO RTHWEST.
new industries as established or m-1Because
corporated during the week, together
with eight enlargements of manufac
tories and tourt-een important new
industries reported are a $500,000
abattoir and refrigerating company
at Wheeling, W. Va., a brewerv at
Richmond, a a $100,000 co'tton
compress at Little Rock, Ark., and
others at Opelousas, a and Tex
arkana, Ark., and a qraih elevator
at Memphis, Tenn. electric lighting
plants at Plavuemme, a and Mary
ville, Tenn a $100,000 electric
power company at Oak Ciiff, Tex., a
flouring mill at Dardanelle, Ark. gasbag,
works at Wheeling, W. Va. and ice
worss at Richmond, Ky., machine
shops at Eatonton, Ga stove and
range works at Memphis, Tenn. a
levee company, capital zed at $1,000,
000, chartered at Vicksburg, Miss.,
and a $100,000 mining company at
dv* Mr. Harrison's "Training." 7
The esteemed St. Louis Republic ap
plies to the Pos for information as
"The Washington has an able
editorial discussing the possibilities of
the Sullivan-Corbett fight. We want
to ask the Post, as an authority, if
Mr. Harrison isn't training down
It airdepends upon what Col. Jones
means by "training." The Pos is not
in Mr.Harxison's confidence, but hears,
through channels of information
which are ejpen to all alike, that the
President is spending these summer
days by the bedside of his afflicted
wife. Whether he combines with this
occupation any of the pursuits includ
ing Col. Jones' definition of training,
we dd no not know and have no
means of ascertaining. W are quite
sure however, that at this time Mr.
Harrison has the respectful and sin
cere sympathy of every one. Democrat
or Republican, who can understand a
husband's deep devotion to a faith
ful, tender, and loving wife.—Washing'
Cloture In the World's Fair Bill.
After two weeks wasted in dilator}
motions, which the Speaker should
have suppressed at once, the spectacle
was presented to the world of a com
promise on the Chicago Fair, dictated
by the insurgents to a Democratic
caucus. Even then the Democracy
were forced by a few unreconcilables
in the far corner of Texas to a a
rule compelling a vote on a special
date at a special hour, with previous
question ordered and dilatory mo
tions suspended, thus confessing at last
after a long struggle that even with
more than 14 0 majority, with three
to one power over their enemies, the
hated practices of the Fifty-first
House afforded the only adequate
method of nrocedure even for the
Democracy. This completes the public
confession which has been going on
through the session that all the out
cry against the rules of the last House
was partisan slander, the wild fury
of defeated obstructionists, whose
only real grievance was that they had
been as suddenly as they were
righteoslv beaten.—Hon T. B. Reed in
N. Y. Press.
Bismarck on Protection.
(From a speech Delivered by Bismarck I*
the Rsichstag, May 14, 1882
The success of the United States in
a a developement is the most
illustrious of modern times times.
The American nation has not only
successfully borne and suppressed the
most gigantic and expensive war of
all history, but immediately after
ward it disbanded its army, found
employment tor all its soldiers and
maiines, paid off most of its debt
gave labor and homes to all the em
ployed of Europe as fast as they could
arrive within its territory, and still
by a system of taxation so indirect
as not to be perceived much less felt.
it is my deliberate judgment
that the prosperity of America is due
to its systems of protective laws, I
urge that Germany has now reached
that point where it is necessarv to
imitate the tariff system of the Uni
In commenting upon the Democratic
proposition to put rags on the tree
list Congressman has this to say which
is interesting ]ust now in view of
the prevalence of Cholera on the other
side. "Yes. rags are to be tree." The
chiffonnier with stick and nail and
scouring the gutters of foreign
cities tor woolen rags, or gathering tne
cast off clothing and blankets which
have wrapped putrid corcasses in the
lazar pest houses of Europe and Asia,
Asia, will ply his vocation with increas
ed zeal and take fresh courage at the
prospect of this new market for his
fiee raw material. The present duty
of 1 0 cents a pound practically ex
cludes foreign rags from our market
while free trade England adds annual
ly to her domestic supply 75,000,000
pounds of foreign rags which she con
verts into shoddy for the clothing of
A leading Democratic journal very
frankly says- Tell those "protection
Democrats"—if you can find them—
that their room is better than their
company. They are not Demo
crats. They are Republicans, and
if they be honest men, they will
vote for Harrison. We don't want
The third party prohibitionist who
votes the fusion ticket does so with
his eyes open. Mr. Shortridge is a
prohibitionist and Democrat and run
ning on a platform which advocates
resubmission. This is a mixture here
tofore unknown in the history of poli
tics. £.?*,?.» V»
Republicans, it is time to begin
work. Perfect your county organ
ization. Make it an organized busi
ness association with perfect discipline,
then supplement this with strong
local clubs and the battle is half won
Reports from all along the line in
nearly every .county in the State are
to the effect, that the coats are fast
going off for Harrison and Reid and
the State ticket. Its a bad year for
Empire Mill QQ.^
24 Rollers and 4 Burrs.
We take pleasure in informing the
public at we are now ready for
business. Th best machinery and
all the latest improvements in the
manufacture of flour enable ua to
compete with the best mills in the
constantly buying mf
AT LOW RATES,
Special Attention given to
An extra stone for grinding feed.
W taken for cash or in exchange
Empire Hill Go.
and OHEAP SALES.
fir* W«H Building and Ste«»)»
a a fronts
Hay* the beat ot aMpping faellltiM I
frill paj prompt attention to BSAU ordons
NEW ULM, MINNESOTA.
KUETE & NA6EL.
MASONS AND CONTRACTORS.
All kinds ot mason work and plastering
done to order, whether in city or country.
Reference, C. A. Ochs.
NEW ULM, MINN.
MEAT A E ET
FRANK SCHNOBRICH, Proprietor.
Having taken M. Epple's meat market, I
am prepared to wait on all customers with
fresh meats, sausage, hams, lard, etc., al
ways on hand. Orders from the country
Kiesling Block, New Ulm, Minn.
WINES AND FINE LIQUORS.
I handle Bourbon Whiskey, Dave Jones'
Brandy, Anderson Club. Cognac, and Im
ported Port Wine for medical use, also the
celebrated St. Julien Clarets, Rhine and
Rieshna: Wines and Champagne. Whiskey
ranging in price from $1 50 to $6 per gallon.
My goods are ol the very best grades and
are guaranteed as represented.
Our br«weryl« fully equipped and ablatoflU
NEW ULM, MOT.
WENZEL SCIOTZKQ, Proprietor
Minn. Str. New Ulm, Minn.
The only first class brick fire proof
Hotel in the city.
Sctapekahm Brothers & Go.
Contractors and Builders,
Flans and specifications furnished to or
der. Having received new and improved
machinery we are able to furnish all kinds
of-workinour line, as Sash, Doors and
Mouldings, also all kinds of Turned and
Scroll Saw Work.
Mrs. Anton Olding,
OPPOSITE POST OFFICE NEW TILM
Has on Hand a good stock of Millinery
Goods consisting in part ot Hats, Bonnets,
Velvets, Silks, Ribbons, Feathers Human
Hair, Flowers «fec
Also Patterns for stamping Monograms.
Stamping of all kinds. Embroidery
Work, German Knitting and Bergman's
Zephyr Yarns a specialty.
WUVf. »SiS5B.v)*f «"3^»ft.* t^mP
W a t-,
At the Highest Market Prices.
We sell all kindTof
Aptmpfcletof information aadabJ
Brown Co. Bank.
0. H. CHADBOURN, 0. IL Boss,
Iglfffl President/^ *", 0&shi«
COB I I AN CENTR
Collections and all Business pen*$
^tainingto Banking Promptly
*~*^ifv& Attended to.
ROLLER MILL' CO,
MAIUFICTUBERS OF CHOICE Spans WHEIT FIL O T*
Received First Premium! «l
Minnesota State Fairs 1887,1989.
Iowa State Fair 1887. St. Louis
Agricultural and Mechanical AJV
sociation Fair 1887,
AND DEALER IN
Tobacco and Smokers' Article?
Beinhorn's building New Ulm Minn.
NEW ULM, MINN.
CHOICE WINES and LIQUORS.
Crystal Spring, Bourbon Whiskey, Hen
nessy Brandy, and Otard, Dupuy & Com
pany Cognac. Imported Tarragona Portl
for private or medical use. The celebrated
St. Julien Clarets and California Reisling
wines. Whiskey ranging in price from
$1.50 to $4,00 per gallon. Pure Alcohol
$3 00 per gallon.
\TM. FRAOTL Jomr BJENTZU*.
Custom grinding solicited. Wfl}
grind wheat fort (one eigth) or
change 84 lbs. flour, 6 t3. shorts and
lbs. bran for one bushel of wheat. Float
and feed sold at low rates and deli-rei**"
A Ne Ulm free of expense.
Manufacturer ol and Dealer in
Cor. Minnesota and Center
NEW ULM MINN.
A N A BKNTZHT.
—*«d Dtalcr la—
Whips, Collars, and all oth
er articles usually kspt
in a first-class har
New harnessesmade to order and
pairing promptly attended to.
a L. Rooa,
Lime, Cement tad Coal
O S I E E
NEW ULM, 1UNNE80T A
Fere beer s«M la f«Mstti«i to sail it
•urckaM*. Spaded atteaftioa p*M to to*