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THE FAEMEBS PB0TE6TED.
UNDER THE OPERATION O E
_____ Vi 4
Good Prices for Farm Products
Reduced Importations of Etrgs,
Barley, Hay and Other
A O Special.—NO body of men
have suffered more in purse from the
competition of foreigners than the
farmers of New York State.
This competition has come from the
farmers of Canada, and has been more
severe than the competition which the
farmers of other States of the Union
have been compelled to endure. This
has been owing to the situation of the
State near the best farming lands of
the Dominion. Much of the soil of
Ontario is as good as that of Western
New York. There is no difference in
productiveness between the soil of
Franklin and Clinton Counties, di
rectly south of the frontier, and the
soil of Canada north of the line.
Moreover, the farmers of Canada had
at their command cheaper labor,
Tw years ago, in response to a re
quest from the farmers of the entire
country, a ^Republican Congress in
creased the duties upon many agricul
tural products in the tariff act. It is
now practicable to ascertain whether
the duties imposed upon Canadian
farm products have had the effect of
reducing the volume ofjtheir importa
tions into the United States, and of
lessening competition with American
agricultural products. The farmers
of Western New York are deeply in
terested in the matter, since large
quanl ities of Canadian eggs, barley,
hay, poultry, and similar products
have come over the Niagara River
from Canada, and thus entered New
York State for sale. Usually these
sales have been made in this uty All
the evidence points to a marked re
duction in the amount of Canadian
importations. The American farmer
has a large share of his home market.
The evidence comes from Canadians,
from boards of trade and from the
statistics of the Custom House.
Alexander McCall, ot Simcoe,JCan
ada, a former mpmber of the Dom
inion Parliament, who was here a few
days ago, said to an American friend
"I see that you are about to elect a
President. I hope Mr. Cleveland will
be elected." His American friend was
surprised at this exhibition of
Canadian interest in the election, and
said to him "Why do you wish Mr.
Cleveland's election more than Gen
First quarter 1892
Second quarter, 1892
Mr. McCall, frankly, "we Canadians
shall be able, after Mr. Cleveland's
election, to sell more eggs, barley, and
hay and other farm artitles upon this
side of the border line than we do now.
Why, the McKinley act has diminished
the sale of our eggs by millions, and
has greatly reduced the sale of our
barley, hay, and of our horses. If
Mr. Cleveland is elected of course the
duties will be taken off and we shall
get back our market."
Mr. McCall states truly that the
importation of eggs, barley, and
horses from Canada into Western
New York has been greatly diminished
in two years. The McKinley act was
passed late in the fall of 1890. The
Custom House records of Buffalo
show that eggs were imported from
Canada in the following quantities in
the years 1890, 1891, and 1892.
IMPORTATION OF EGGS
First quaiter, 1890
Second quarter 1800*
Third quarter, 1890
rourt quarter, 1890
First quarter, 1891
f-e-ond quarter, 1811
Third quarter. 1891
1 ourth Quarter, 1891
Total, half year 7 8 421
There can |be no question that if
eggs had remained on the free list, as
they were before the McKinley act was
passed, and the duty of five cents a
dozen had /iot been imposed, as many
Canadian eggs would have been im
ported 189 1 and the present year
to compete with those of the Ameri
can farmer as 1890. If there was
a reduction in the number of eggs im
ported 1891, as compared with
1890, amounting to 2,465,570 dozen,
it was due to the protection given to
the American farmer by the McKinley
Collector Morgan of Buffalo had a
remarkable proof of the difference be
tween Canadian and American prices
of eggsm the course of the week just
passed. Upon August 8, the present
year, a meichant paid the duty on
2,000 eggs which he had imported.
His invoice showed that he paid ten
cents a dozen for the eggs Canada.
Tha undoubtedlv was the ruling
price Canada. Yet the importer
was able to make a slight profit even
as this low rate, as the market quo
tations of The Buffalo Express shows
that upon August 8 "State,
Western, and Canada" eggs were sell
ing in Buffalo at from 1 6 to IT cents
a dozen. That was the price the
American farmer was receiving for his
•eggs with the Canadian competition
reduced. If eggs had been upon the
free list, the American farmer would
doubtless, have had to accept the
Canadian market rate for eggs.
The importations of barley have
been diminished the same manner,
and the American farmer has been
This decrease in the number of bush
els of Canadian barley imported is
shown by the records of some por
tions of the state. Thus there was
imported at the port cf Oswego in
188 9 the large number of 2,603,192
bushels of barley. In 187 1 only 2,
017,689 bushels ot barley were im
ported at the same port* But per-
oo it ii r*©00C!
oo eswesC'it^ascoiHiartrii'o OCON
oOjS a CJ-JICSCI-I «i#-jt
iH 3 (T L- jo !S Tf O i-l t- *-00
The administration of President
Harrison has been in keeping with his
personal character—clean, able, con
servative, dignified and patriotric.
He has naturally gathered about him
men who sympathize with him in his
views and resemble him more or less
in character. The general tone of the
administration has been imparted to
it by its Chief, and there have been no
grave scandals, defalcations or other
stains to mar its good name. The
search light of political investigations,
seeking campaign ammunition, have
brought to view nothing that chal
lenges criticism. An opposition Sena
tor, in an article on the administra
tion published in the June number of
the North American Review, does not
even hint at anything to the discredit
of his personal, motives or methods
while Senator Dawes says-
"He called into his Cabinet as his
advisers men who commanded at
once the fullest confidence of the coun
try some of them already so tried in
the public service that they had been
designated by common consent for the
places they filled. Some of them were
hew men in public life, but brilliant
service has in each case proved the sa
gacity and wisdom of the selection.
Subordinate offices haye been filled
with able and clean men commenda
tion of this administration does not
demand or claim that there has been
no exception. In the vast machinery
of this government, in operation at a
thousand points, many of them thous
ands of miles beyond the eye of the
Executive, it never has been and never
can be the case that imeu who operate
it will in every instance prove them
selves fit and faithful, But one who
has witnessed the success ana mis
takes of administrations in this par
ticular during nine of these quadren
nial periods challenges without fear
for the present administration & com
parison with aDyor all of the others."
—Hon. T. J. Morgan in Review of Re»
The Democrati Tarrlff PlaiVk.
"My God," said Watterson, in his
speech in the Chicago Convention, "is
it possible that in 1892 we have to
SO back for a tariff plank to the
straddle of 1884?" But it pleased
him mightily that the convention
took a ]ump instead ot a step. The
Convention went back further than
was expected and found the courage
of its convictions in the old tariff
declarations of the freetraders who
owned labor. The old slave-holders
were the men who originated the
doctrine that the Government had no
right or power to levy a tariff to pro
tect labor, or do ought else save raise
revenue. The Democratic platform
echoes the old doctrine otgthe slave
holding free traders that Consresshad
no right or power to give free Northern
labor any legislative privilege over
"We'll set aside all difference,
And re-establish trust.
And MIth a will get readv,v
haps the decrease in the competition 1 S O I A S O A E S
which the American farmer has to
endure at the hands of the Canadian
former in ba*ley is best shown in the
following table giving the number of
bushels of barley imported in four
es oo r-i
o5"* TtOMriioo 1
O O O a O
r-iSS -K 08 OS CI 0* 00 0005
N i^t- °9
r- O 00 «01"
M- O 00 i-l 00
00 03 TjT.eO 05b-
A s*®*J re fc a.S ci £ja ,.
There has also been a a decrease in
the importation of Canadian horses.
The McKinley Tariff act increased the
duty upon horses from 2 0 per cent,
to $3 0 a head, and also declared that
horses valued at $150 should pay a
duty of 30 per cent, ad valorem. In
189 0 there were imported at the port
of Buffalo 1,186 horses. In the year
1891, only 735 horses were imported.
The McKinley act further says that
cattle more than one year old shall
pay a duty of $1 0 a head, instead of
2 0 per cent., as formerly and cattle
"one year old or less $ 2 per head,"
instead of 20 per cent. In 189 0 the
Canadians sent across the border
3,028 cattle. In 1891 they exported
only 158 cattle. The duty upon hay
was increased by the McKinley act
from $ 2 to $ 4 a ton. The effect of
this duty has been to decrease the
number of tons of Canadian hay im
ported from 1,425 in 1890 to 306
tons in 1891
The American farmer has been pro
tected from competition, and now
has more complete command of the
home market, which belongs to him.
He has had good crops, and has ob
tained far better prices for them than
he would have done if he had been
sub]ected to the competition of Cana
dian farmers. The annual report for
189 1 of William Thurston, the secre
tary of the Board of Trade of Buffalo'
states that in 1889 State barley sold
for from 53 to 57 cents a bushel in
1890, from 77 to 90 cents a bushel
and in 1891, despite the phenomenal
ly large crop in the United States and
Canada, from 80 to 90cents a bushel.
The price of eggs and of all other farm
products has been well maintained.
To \vm the fight or bust.' *,
Protection is the principle on which
all workingmen draw interest.^
About when will D. B. Hill organize
the Independent Order of A. A. D.?
USEFU INFORMATION O N VA
RIOUS FARM TOPICS.
S Clover Experiment—Poultry
o^for the a N a a a
Disease—Interesting Farm Km
S Clover Experiment. f$
Many persons have noticed "the
habit of the sweet or Bokara clover,
Mehlotus alba, of growing in the bot
to of brick yards and in places
along the roadside where the surface
soil has been scraped dway says the
Orange Judd Farmer—these unprom
ising situations apparently being
chosen in preference to more fertile
soils. Acting on the hint thus giyen.
the Ohio Experiment Station in 1888
plowed up, carefully prepared and
seeded to melilotus a piece of stiff
clay land, part of which had been
stripped of its soil some years pre
viously for brick making, and which
had since been very unsatisfactory
for tillage. The melilotus was al
lowed to grow up and fall dowp, re
seeding the ground, until the Autumn
of 1891, when a quarter acre of the
original patch was plowed and sown
to wheat, the same quantity of simi
lar land adjoining, which had been
kept under rotation of corn, oats and
wheat, being prepared and sown at
the same time and in the same man
ner. The uesult was a yield of 18.6
bushels of wheat per acre from the land
which had been cropped in rotation,
while that which had grown melilotus
yielded at the rate of 26,9 bushels per
acre, and it is again self seeded with a
dense growth of melilotus. This ex
periment alone is not conclusive.
Probably the wheat crop would have
been increased as much at the end of
one year as for four years growth
of melilotus, but it was desired to
study the body of the plant in other
respects, especially that of self-seeding
and continuous growth on the same
land therefore it was left undisturbed
until it had demonstrated its ability
to maintain itself. The result may
serve as a guide to farmers who have
unproductive clay soils which they
may wish to ameliorate cheaply. It
must be remembered however, that
the melilotus has the habits of a
weed and must be kept in check, but
this is easily done. As the melilotus
belongs to the same family of plants
as the clover, it will be understood
that its growth probably adds actual
fertility to the soil, in addition to
the physical improvement produced
by its deep growing roots. It a be
sown broadcast the Spring or in
July, at the rate of eight or ten pounds
seed to the acre.
It may be set down as a sound prin
ciple that any drug capable of prevent
ing the fermentation of milk is un
safe to take into the human stomach
as a "steady diet." Some of the most
eminent chemists in this country haye
testified that the use of such drugs is
detrimental to the public health.
And yet we fear that the use of them
is considerable, the temptation being
great and the knowledge of their de
leterious effects not being so general
as it should be.
Steps have been taken in England
to make the subject familiar to the
public in a very forcible way. A milk
dealer London was recently prose
cuted for selling milk containing a
preservative drug. The official
analyst, Dr. Rideal, being called to
the witness box, testified that thepre
servative used was a drug, not #food,
and that it was used by medical men
as a drug for special cases. It had,
he said, an injurious effect upon the
kidneys by producing a secretion of
albumen, and there was abundant
medical evidence to show that it was
very injurious to infants. The small
e3t quantity, he added, would render
the milk injurious.
The result of the trial w|,s that the
offending milkman was *hied about
three pounds and costs, although he
pleaded ignorance of its presence in
the milk, and expressed himself as
sorry that he had failed to obtain
a written guaranty of the purity of
the milk before purchasingp»ifc. This
did not, however, soften the heart of
the judge, who remarked that, while
sorry for the defendant, he was a
good deal more sorry for .those who
had drank the adulterated milk.
It appeared in the course of the
trial that the perservative was being
used extensively in milk and butter,
and theLondon authorities l&tve deter
mined to proceed against all offenders
under the"Sale of Foodand Drugs act."
The excellent Dairy World*- of Chi
cago, which is vigorously wafring war
upon all shams and wrongdoing: in
dairy business, especially tha& colos
sal wrong, the oleomargarine fraud,
remarks that it would like to see
some of the British article of prose
cution initiated on this side of the At
lantic. We heartily second this w$sh,
for we are inclined to think tfeat it is
very much needed. There is nothing
that ought to be more carefully guard
ed against than the adulteration of,
milk, which is so largely the |food of
infants and invalids.
N Potato Dlseasfef
About the new disease which has
appeared among the potatoes*ha Ver
mont, Prof. L. R. Jones, of thevgtaie
Agricultural experiment station fcays:
The differences between this and ^the
ordinary blight are: First—The spora»
of the fungus which causes the
blieht orj^rust" pass.from the bug]
vines to the tubers, causing them
N rotting of the tubers is
caused by the new disease. Second
—The true blight or "rust" attacks
later potatoes the worst. The "new
disease1* confined to early potatoes.
Third—the true blight or "rust" can
be checked by spraying with the Bor
deaux mixture. The new disease is
not as easily checked by such spray
ing. Practically, everything in the
way of diseased potato leaves, has
been the "new disease." This is every
where on early potatoes, so far as we
can learn. The diseased plants appear
sickly and of a yellowish cast instead
of a dark, healthy green. Soon the
leaves turn yellow and die. The
death begins on uninjured leaves
about the tip and edges and they
die rather slowly, so that they become
crisp and curl at the tip and edges as
the disease progresses? The trouble
is worse on leaves partially eaten by
potato bugs and other insects. When
ever one is injured, the disease attacks
it a spreads from these spots.
Thus a leaf may show a score or more
of black spots varying in size from a
pin head to a marble. In some fields
of early potatoes all are dead or dy
ing. Very few potato growers will
mistake the true blight or "rust"
when they see it. Thisaisease is com
mencing to show on later potatoes.
The large blueish-black spots appear
at any place. These spread so rapid
ly that the whole leaf is killed in a
day or two. There is not time for it
to dry and curl, but it hangs limp and
rotting from the.stem The surest
evidence of the blight as distinguish
ed from the new disease is the pres
ence of the mildew which causes the
blight. It can easily be seen on the
under side of the rapidly blighting
leaves as a delicate white mildew
which looks like frost-work upon or
about the edges of the black spots.
Poultry for the Farm.
Now and then you meet a man,says
the Farm, Field and Stockman, who
thinks one breed of fowls is as good
as another, or that a hen is a hen no
matter what breed, or whether her
breed is of its own production by in
breeding year after year. Here is a
letter to an eastern paper from a man
Tennessee who believes in mixing
breeds, but he sees to it that the
mixing is done by pure cockerels, and
by this means he will have high bred
if not pure bred fowls. He says:
I have often been amused at the
way seme writers advocate the merits
of somefparticular breed of fowls to
the exclusion of all others. Now after
long experience with all the leading
breeds, I have given up the idea that
pure breed poultry is the most profit
able on the farm for many reasons.
Experience teaches me that the best
breed for the farm is the one that is
most profitable under all circum
stances—none of your fancy breeds,
but a happy medium. In other words
for a breed of your own "get up,"
take the common fowls. You can
breed them UD to any desired quality
you wish. V^hile they will not be pure
they will be far more healthy, more
profitable, and just as handsome.
It is interesting to note the peculiar
characteristics they will develop. I
wish you could see and hear my flock
of biddies. I would exchange
them for any pure breed I know of.
There are so many different strajng-gf
blood in their little bodies th&t they
cannot be still must be layirg eggs or
hatching more little busybody at all
times, except [when changing their
coat of many colors. The j?
complished it was in this way: I com
menced with twenty
and a pure game cockerel. I changed
the cockerel every year, and the breed
every two years .-that is, I got pure
bred cockerels oi
from any that I have had every two
years^vf-treat" turkeys in the same
Interesting Farm Statistics.
^According to the census returns
farm lands in Massachusetts, Connec
ticut, Rhode Island, New York, Penn
sylvania, New Jersey, Ohio and
Michigan are practically of equal
value and are rated from $33.74 to
$65.16 per acre. The next in value
are Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin,
valued at $23.30 to $32.33 per acre.
Following these comes Iowa, Colora
do, Utah, and California, valued at
$22.92 to $25.62 per acre. Then
follow Virginia, West Virginia, North
Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Miss
ouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota,
Dakota, Wyoming, Montana, New
Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Idaho,
Oregon and Washington at $5.86 to
$14.45 per acre. Census statistics
further show that in 189 0 there were
in the United States 4,008,907 farms,
74.5 per cent of which were cultivated
by the owners, 8 per cent by tenants
who paid money rental, and 17.5 per
cent by tenants on shares. Illinois
had the greatest number of farms, viz
255,471 Ohio comes next with 247,
189 New York had 241,058, and
Pennsylvania 213,542. Arizona had
only 767 and Nevada 1,404.
S me Short Rows.
Turnips are a natural feed for sheep
and may safely be pastured, permit
ting the animals to eat all they want.
Coal ashes worked into a stiff clay
soil make it more friable and
easily cultivated. Wood ashes help
the soil to retain moisture.
Pu a jacket of straw paper about
the celery bunches before banking up.
It will bleach better and be more free
from rust and worms.
If you wish to make a specialty of
very early Iambs tor market, use a
cross of Southdown upon Dorset. The
Iambs of this cross will be hornless.
The very best butter is still made
in the private dairy, but the largest
amount of good butter, and the high
est average product, are from the
The growing of mutton sheep will af
iord profitable employment for every
acre of good grazing land in the coun
try. There is no use letting it remain
Empire Mill Co-,
24 Rollers and 4 Burrs.
We take pleasure in informing the
public at we are now ready for
business. The best machinery and
all the latest improvements in the
manufacture of flour enable u» to
compete with the best mills is th»
We are constantly baying
At the Highest Market Price*.
We sell all kinds of
AT LOW RATES,
Special Attention given to
An extra stone for grinding lead.
Wood taken for cash or in exchaxu^
Empire Mill Co.
and CHEAP SALES.
f1r% Wall Bnildin* a»^ Ifttfli
in Freised Brick tm
prompt »*t»»tioB mail i4mm
HBW ULM, M.INXE80TA.
E & MGEL
MASONS AND CONTRACTORS.
A.11 kinds ot masU
done to order, wh^her in city or country.
Reference, 0. A. Ochs.
NEW ULM, ." MINN
MEAT A ET
Having taken M. Epple'a meat marketr I
am prepared to -^ait on all customers with
fresh meats, SfiU8age hams, lard, etc.. al
ways on hand.. Orders fromth* country
KiosliqgBlock, New Ulm, Minn.
WINES AND FINE LIQUORS.
I handle Bourbon Whiskey, Dave Jones'
Brandy, Anderson Club. Cognac and Im
ported Port Wine for medical use also the
celebrated St. Julien Clarets, Rhine and
Riesling Wines and Champagne. Whiskey
ranging in price from $1.50 to $6 per gallon.
My goods are ot the very best grades and
are guaranteed as represented.
Onr br*w«ryit folly equipped and aW«to«U
KEW TJLM, MTO,
WENZEL SGIOTZKQ, Proprietor
Minn. Str. New Ulm, Minn.
The enly first class brick lire proof
Hotel in the city.
Scbapekahm Brothers & Go.Whip*,
Contractors and Builders,
Plans and specifications furnished to or
der. Having received new and improved
machinery we are able to furnish all kinds
ofworkmour line, as Sash, Doors and
Mouldings, also all kinds of Turned and
Scroll Saw Work.
Mrs. Anton Olding,
OPPOSITE POST OFFICE NEW ULM
Has on Hand a good stock of Millinery
Goods consisting in part of Hats, Bonnets,
Velvets, Silks, Ribbons, Feathers Human
Hair, Flowers &c.
Also Patterns lor stamping Monograms.
Stamping of all kinds. Embroidery
Work, German Knitting and Bergman'*
Zephyr Yarns a specialty
Blow Go W
0. H. CHADBO
HIHM. Mf0 CENTRE SIRS.
Hew TJlffi, Minn^
Collections andj & Business
,tainingto a in Promptly
HOLLER E CO
MuUFiCTUREHS 8F CflOICE SPIIIB WHUT faoV
Received First Premium* s#
Minnesota State Fairs 1887,148&
Iowa State Fair 1887. St. Lonit
Agricultural and Mechanical Aa»
sociation Fair 1887,
Manufacturer of and Dealer i»
Cor. Minnesota and Center
NEW ULM MINIS.
AND DEALER IN
Tobacco and Smokers' Articles
Beinhorn's building New Ulm Mian,
NEW ULM, MINK,
CHOICE WINES and LIQUORS.
Crystal Spring, Bourbon Whiskey, E
nessy Brandy, and Otard, Dupuy & Con.
pany Cognac. Imported Tarragona Pa#
tor private or medical use. The celebrated
St. Julien Clarets and California Reislinff
wines. Whiskey ranging in price froxB
$1.50 to $4,00 per gallon. For. Alct&ol
$3.00 per gallon.
Custom friading •olioited. W^
grimd wheat for (one eigta) «wr mm
34 lbs. floor, 5 fts. shorts a a
lbs. bran forgone bushel ot wheat. Flans*
and feed sold at low rates and deli-feratV
A Kaw Ulm froa of expense.
A A BxKTzxa*.
4 Beater to—
Collars, and all ofA*
er articles usually kip$
in* first-mlass har
New harnesses made to order anal im
pairing promptly attended to.
LITE SHUTCtljES, 9 0 0 S
SASH AND fiUXR.
Lime, Cement tnd Coal
JOa SOHMUOKER, Prop^.
NEW ULM, ., MINNEBOTm 'j
Pore ban sold la (eaatlttos to salt «to
ir. apodal attoatloa pala *»tt
Ot BSJSBjggytp** 4 «4i*S*