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THE STAE-EYED GODDESS.
Esinaiks of the Sage from the Blue Grass
The Wihou Bill EQmmds Him of a Poker
Some Candid TiJk Concerning: the Presi
dent, The Tariff, the Money Question.
\"i \i emiesp mdint wiitcs tho
ill, Ii.td Oiem as iollows When
olon lluiii Watieisun, tlu distin
^ui-linl I\('itiuk\ s* itisinan edifoi.hghts
in N "i \vith the effulgence ot his
_. ii'lit^,!'! mil} makes his sio[_
pi pin- .1 hotel overlooking L. ion
s,|uui I i.nn tliu coii'LiiRiit cjiiL, he
in luok down witn philosophic mreiest
HI (lie hm} (U} below, Oil Bioadwav
with Us thh cai-, swell e([ui pages and
1 dde ciowds, and on th» qd'"tci
-n,n„it!i Paik Somie, whiie the
twi'tci pleisintl} the
bi inches ivcihe id hue the '-idle niil
l,on" 1 tlie benches below. Thesecall
tumg-, howevci they miglu the at
a1.on ot othei mindsdiive no attiaction
ioi the gicat Kentuckian whose biain is
\i bus\ lc.ohing inatteis of national
jmpmt ]Fo was found in his evrie when
'he utii si nt uj) his caul a few days
igo, and uipi'stcd the ia\oi ol an inter-
••I don't want to be uicei viewed," said
Mi. Watiei-,011. "I am a reporter myself,
and \ou ought not to wKh or seek to de
of my living. It ib not fair, a^
among hiends and brotheis."
Tlie scnbe interjected a question as io
the WiUon bill.
"The Wilson bill," said the man from
the blue glass countiy, "leminds me of
nn aendent that once happened in Louis
A well known local gambler thought
he id a good thing in a stiangei Mho
appealed upon the scene, loaded 'with
?nonc}. He was induced to play a game
—f tl.mk the} called it dia\\ poker—
and when the oppoitune moment armed
Die Louisville dealt the suangei
toiu k- and himself fom queens. The
Ix tting beg m, and when all then money
was up, and it came to a show clown,
the sti muci displayed loui kings. "Take
Mc nioncv, sti uigei,' isned tlie aston
jshtdnit'ne as lie fell in a lit. 'Take
Hi nwnev But th.it wasn't the hand I
d( ih }ou" So, with '.he Wilson bill. It
was not the hand the Chicago convention
dc lit the Dcmociatic p.ut},and hie
rhe ptoplc of the nired States backed
ith their votes.''
"Ven good, \eiy good indeed,"' said
the s( nbe, laughing heaitily to keep in
ivoi, and then h^ asked, insinuatingl}.
Don't on think, IMi. AVattei&on, the
Dimiciatic pait} is in something ot a
hole pi-t at pic'scnt.''
•'Tin'c on go ag lin," leplied the
jouinilist. "You pcisistin jour wicked
attempt to get ni} cop} io: nothing. Go
to somi' odv who wants to see ids name
in punt I onlj like to see mine tin ie
whin I ,et a check ioi it. iiut hold on
a bit. As the man in the play says, "I
feel bettei now.' "What ^\as it }ou asked
about the Demociahc paitj Ah, yes, I
number. Well, if cannot be (leniec*
th it the !)i mociatii part}, both in the
.uliiiini ti ition and in Congics", is burn
ni" good deal of black smoke just now.
"Ijiit" lie added, "all of This is not
dm to th clums} ^,i_ our Dcmociatic
stoki is '.ipe ol feeding the furnace.
home ot it is due to the condition of the
couiUi\, foi'"which bad Republican legis
1 ition mil wast^iul Republican adnnnis
tiatiim ue as mucli lesponsible as Dem-
I itic in iecision and lack of puipose
"What about Mr. Cie\eland"'
"ill lic\t land," tlie Iventuckian re
jilied, "is ithei a master than a leader—
one who tutns his mailed hand even to
his ±iit iid-—ami consequently he often
lads to bung to his good woiks the force
the} ought to command and •would com
md it he weie less self-constrained
and n\.de (onimon cause •with some
••How do you mean?"
I he President is personally a most
simple, unaffected and agreeable man.
Officially he is suspicious and unsym
pathetic to an extraordinary degree—
more so than any occupant of the White
House I can lecall more so than Mr.
Buchanan, of whom it was said that,
when he tried, he had the most winning
way of making himself hateful of any
man of his time. Mr. Cleveland is a
brave man. But he is not braver than
all other men. He is an honest man.
But he is not more honest than all other
men, yet sometimes he seems to bhinK so,
and a* much of the information on A\ hich
he ii is to act must come to him at sec
ond-hand he does not make sufficient
allowance lor mistakes."
"Do you refer to his appointments to
"I refer to his public dealings geneial
ly. As to his appointments, they have
been as a rule good. He is a hard-work
ing, painstaking man—a pietty good
jiidge of men, too—and I do not believe
a moie conscientious man ever had the
disposition of the patronage. But his
point of \iew is that of the master, not
of the leadei, that of the egotist, not of
the philosopher or statesman,"
"Well, dining his fiist administration
he Mas caiued '\va} by the idea of chil
service leloim and went to extremes that
came near bieaking the party and did
cost him his ic-election. Taking coun
sel of his mistake in this regard he
has this time male an effoit to avoid
its lcpitition, but not being ivhat they
a spoilsman he has had no method
to his policy, and has fallen betwixt the
two stools, satisfying neither the mug
wumps on the fence 1101 the boys in the
"What about his Hawaiian policy?"
"Ah, theie, you stump me. The ad
ministration started out with the best in
tentions. History will do justice to its
rectitude of purpose as well as to the
soundness of the theory on which it pro
ceeded. But it has encountered a signal
lack of good fortune. Like the lespect
able citizen, who interposes between two
woithless biawlers, it has come out chief
loser. The whole affaii is a tempest-in
a-teapot, a nine day's wonder, and, when
it has spent itself, will seem insignificant
b} the side of the great domestic ques
tions that are before us. They, and not
this Hawaiian muddle, will determine
the fate ol paities."
"You mean the tariff?"
"That and the money question."
"Joking aside, what about the Wilson
"1 lnue," replied Mr. Watterson, "re
ce ith expiessed mjself so elaboiately as
to the Wilson bill that any repetition
would seem supeifiuous. It is a bad bill
liom the beginning to the end. It will
do no good and much harm. It may set
the cause of genuine revenue reform back
a geiienition. But it will not stop taiiff
agitation. Every one who supports it
begins by qualifying his approval. Ma
ny will \ote for it who cordially disap
pnneit I is the first measuie that
e\er appealed in Congiess provoking
mine amendments fiom its fiiends lhan
its enemies. When it gets through the
House it will be so disfigured astoexcite
the s} mpathy of its fosterpaient, but
when it comes back from the Senate it
will hai dlj be recognizable even by Mr.
Bourke Cockran. Meanwhile, the pro
tectionists are as rampant as though it
was a hee-tiadebilloutiight. In a word,
it is chaiacterist^c of Mr. Cleveland's
half-.uul-half ideas of political economy?'
"Do }ou think Mr. Cleveland had any
hand in it5"'
Mr Cleveland dominates ever} thing
on his side of the House at Washing
ton—except the Senate—and the Wilson'
bill is an exact reflection of his inability
to guisp either the temper of his party or
the hue piinciples of tariff refoim."
"You spoke of the money question."
"Ccitainly. That question is yet in
its infancy. We have executed one of
oiu platiorm piomises by repealing the
Sheunan act. The twin sister of this
was a pledge to secure the bimetallic use
ot money by some safeguaids of legisla
tion or by international agreement. This
remains to be fulfilled. It there is any
chance to lehabilitate silver we are com
mitted tt least to tLe attempt. My
faith may not be large, but the party
woid was given at Chicago, and it must
be kept. You v\ ill observe that bime
tallism is not a dead letter—eveninEng
land. The Unitea States should givo its
moral support to every suggestion, and
should promptly co-operate with every
movement looking to an end which, if
it can be compassed, will undoubtedly
relieve the debtor class without oppos
ing the creditor class, and by restoring
the lost fiscal equilibrium will stimulate
commercial activities all over the world."
"How would you go about this?
'•By sending abroad an embassy impos
ing iu its personality, embracing the
friends, not the enemies, of s*Jver,headed
by the Secretary of the Treasury."
"What do you think of the popular
"It is a most excellent idea and worked
to a charm in France. I happened to be
in Palis during the period when it was
taken by the French people, and I never
saw an}thing finer in its way than the
substantial evidences of patiiotism it
brought foith. Its adoption by us
would go fai to stop the gold-bug blather.
It would be a step toward the populari
zation of the bonded debt, which h^s al
wavs been a target for demagogues to
Wars Brave Deeds.
There are different qualities of physi
cal courage, just as there are of cloth,
There aie men and I have seen them,
who, in company, would rush with a
shout upon a battery, but who, if alone»
would be incapable of anything like
reckless daring. Lieutenant Kupp, of
the Eighty-Eighth Pa. Volunteers, was
a tall,lank, slab-sided young man, who
spoke but little, and that little with a
draw 1 and who in appearance and man
ner was far fiom being an ideal soldier.
He had a fair reputation in his regiment
in which there wrere a great many sturdy
"Pennsylvania Dutch" from Reading
and Berks counties,
1 fiist saw Kupp in Libby prison in
the early pait of 18G4. He, with a large
number of his regiment had been cap
tuied at Gettysbuig, I believe, and eight
months in prison had reduced his uni
foim to rags. At this time the Richmond
authorities permitted the friends of pri
soner in tlie Noith to seDd through, un
der flag of truce, boxes containing food
and clothing, provided the clothing was
such as is worn by citizens.
Kupp was foitunate in getting a box,
and iu the box there was a suit of blown
clothes, the cloth ot which looked as if
it were made at home there was no
doubt that the tailoring was done there.
Dressed in this butternut costume the
lieutenant bore a striKing resemblence to
one of those North Carolinians so fami
liar to all at the front. Indeed, his fiiends
in -'the upper east room" called him a
"Tar heel," and made frequent inquiries
about the last news from "North Killeny"
which he bore with characteristic good
natuie, if not actual indifference. But
all the time Ivupp was'-doin' a powerful
sight of thinkin'," and more than once
he amused his friends by saying that he
had serious notions of escaping, af which
Eveiy moining at daylight a little
clerk named Ross, with a sergeant and
guard, came to count the piisoners:
the process was known as "toll call.*'
Sometimes Confederate soldiers on leave
in Richmond, and even pihate citizens,
came in with the guard to see the "caged
One dull moining eaily in Februaiy
the guards were going down the steps
leading to the office of Turner, the com
mandant, on the ground floor in the
west end of the building, when, to the
unspeakable amazement of all who saw
the act, Kupp fell in behind them. The
guards passed directly through Maj.
Tuinei's quarteis and out to the street:
but here Kupp hung back. After a few
minutes the commandant entered, and
supposing him to be a Confedeiate pii
vate he shouted out:
"Hello! What in the devil do you
"Waal," drawled Kupp, I got a fur
longh to come up to Richmond, and so I
thought I'd like to diop in and lake a
looks at the Yanks, if so be you don't
"But I do mind! Get out of here, con
found you, and go to the front, where
you'll see Yankees enough to scare you
to death," and Turner motioned him
to the door.
Kupp said "All right kernal," and left
the piison by order of his keeper.
An ordinary man would have made
tracks as soon as he got out, but not so
Kupp. The man had no nerves, no fit
ting ^ence of the danger of his situation
He crossed to the other side of Carey
street, and stood loo King up at the bars
behind which swarmed his astonished
friends. At length he lifted his hat and
made a bow that even set the guards a
laughing. He deserved to get through
and he did. Up to this time Kupp's es
cape ranks first in my memory of all the
acts of cool daring witnessed during the
war. Capt. George P. Singer.
Teld by Capt. Dawn. I
I saw hard service, from Mill Springs,
in Kentucky, till the surrender of Gen.
"Joe" Johnston, in North Carolina, but,
at the risk of being considered "odd," I
will venture the statement that the finest
deeds of daring were not those exhibited
on great battlefields, and, because of this,
many of them will pass away unrecord-
VOLUME XT I. NO 8. NEW ULM, BROWN COUNTY, MINN., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY L4, 1894. WHOLE NUMBER 838
ed. For instance, there is the case of
Sergeant James Owens, of the First Ken
tucky, which I think the most thrilling
ly daring incident of the war, and I am
glad of the opportunity to keep it from
sinking into oblivion.
In November, 1863, two divisions of
the Ninth corps were besieged in Knox
ville, Eatst Tennessee, by Gen. Lougstreet.
I was in the besieged city at the time
with a company of dismounted cavalry.
The weather was bitterly cold, rations
were reduced and unceitain, and there
was a pretty general feeling that if relief
did not soon reach us fiom Chattonooga,
we would be starved into a surrender.
It wTiil be remembered that immediate
ly alter the battle of Missionary Ridge
Gen. Sherman was ordered to march north
with all epeed and relieve Burnside, and
it was all important that Burnside should
'know that relief was coming. After
ni.rch searching a man was found who
knew the country as well as if he had
built it. and who was ready to carry the
news of coming help to the beleaguered
A biave heart, a good horse and fine
roads weie desirable, but the first of
these was the only necessity Sergeant
James Owens, of theFn-st Kentucky, had.
All the horses were reduced to skeletons,
and the roads weie frightful. In addi
tion to these drawbacks, the scout must
travel in disguise, for to venture outside
the Union lines in the regular uniform
would have been a sort of suicide. Owens
must go as a Confederate. He was as
intelligent as he^was brave, and so knew
that this was an undertaking on which
even the commander-in-chief himself
could not order him jet, for the good
of the cause, he volunteered promptly,
as soon as he learned what was needed.
Wheelei's, Wharton's and Morgan's
Confederate cavalry swarmed in the
country over which Owens must ride.
"He dove in without a moment's hesita
tion" alone,and after this was successful
ly done, there wrere tlie well-guarded
lines of Longstiect, which must be passed
before his mission was ended.
Once outside the Union lines, the ser
geant was a Codfederate in appearance,
but a spy, with a halter awaiting him if
He kept away from the direct roads,
representing to the casual bands he met
up with that lie was on his way to join
Lougstreet. After traveling constantly
for thirty hours his horse drooped under
him, and he shot the poor creature to
put out him of misery: then he resumed
his journey on toot.
Just at daybreak on the morning of
Nov.28 I was in command of the pickets
along the Holston river, when I was
startled by hearing yells and shots on
the other side where the enemy's pickets
had been vety quiet. While I was wond
ering what the uproai meant I could see
in the instinct light a man running like
a deer for the river, while a lot of other
men on fool, and a few mounted,
speeding after him, and firing as they ran.
My first impression was that the fugi
tive was onp of the enemy who had been
discovered in the act of deserting
to our lines. But he that as it might
the fact that they were trying to
kill him was to us sufficient reas
on for trying to save him, and, on the
instant, we opened fire on the pursuers.
Straight for the river the man
headed, the shouts and the shots in
creasing. He reached the bank, but un
loading the swollen, ice-covered current,
he dove in without an instant's hesitation.
By this time our firing had called out
the nearest regiment, and over the head
of the daring sw im.ra.er our rifles opened
on the enemy, who, instead of returning
our fire, still directed their attention to
The bullets cut, and splashed, and
ricocheted about him, and it seemed that
he must be killed before he reached our
side. He was about a hundred feet from
the bank when he lddenly stopped and
threw up one hand. On the instant two
men leaped in and hurried to his aid.
They brought him to the shore with
his left arm broken. He was carried out
of fire, looking like a dying man, but in
spired by his purpose Owens, before he
fainted, had the strength to reveal him
self, and to cheer the troops atKnoxville
with the thrilling news that Sherman
was pressing north to our relief.
Owens survived the struggle and came
out with a commission, and I have al
ways regarded his exploit as the bravest
act that came under my notice during
thp a rrV.*^? 1 Edward Dawn
me a x^.^ar^.x^wn.
Biggest Head in Congress.
They area remarkable pair, facing one
another. Reed's extraordinary physical
appearance is well known. butCockran's,
which is not so genet ally known, is
regarded by tlie Philadelphia Recoid as
equally extraordinary. Cockran has tlie
biggest head in either house of congress.
It is the longest, the broadest, the thick
est. His hair is long and thick, his eyes
are large, bright and producing, his eye
brows largp and heavy, his mouth shaded
with a moustache and his chin with a
little tuft of beard. His head is set on
a short, thick neck between the shoul
ders so broad and over a chest so deep
as to be disproportionate with his legs
and arms. It is the head, neck and
chest of one type of orator, so that if you
had not heard him say a word you would
think he was an eloquent speaker. When
he is speaking a resemblance to the lion,
which eveiyore thinks of at first sight,
is heightened by the way he tosses his
hair and shows his teeth and strides up
and down the aisle. He has the greatest
voice in either house of congress. It is
the loudest, strongest and it would be
the most musical if he did not so soon
become hoarse with excitement, It fills
the hall of the house so that the afters
seem to vibrate and carries for the mo
ment a* with the rush of the cavalry
chaige everything and everybody before
it. His opponents can hardly lefrain
from joininig in the applause which
seems to his supporters a faint way of
expressing the enthusiasm which he has
stiried up within them. At such mo
ments you realize the power which the
great Irish orators had over their con
stituents, for on feci that if Cockran
could demand immediate action three
fourths of his hearers would do what
ever he wanted them to do. After they
have spoken Reed is one of the first to
congratulate Cockran, as Cockran is one
of the first to congratulate Reed, and as
soon as they can get away they will go
out in the speaker's lobby behind the
house to smoke together, or down to the
house restaurant to lunch together, or,as
on last Saturday, after they had been
fencing in the debate, they will leave the
capitol and walk down Pennsylvania
avenue arm in arm, as happy as two boys
just out of school.
A Pretty Sharp Svenske.
The following happened in a munici
pal court in this city the other day:
As the young man took the witness
chair, after having been duly sworn to
tell "the truth, the whole truth and noth
ing but the truth," the usual questions
"What is your name?"
"Hans or Peter."
"Hans or Peter? How can that be?"
"Veil, vou see, I vas born a twin."
"But don't you know whether your
name is Hans or Peter?"
"Have you any parents?"
"Yes, sir one father and one mother."
"Don't they know whether your name
is Hans or Peter?"
"Will you explain to the court why jt
is that you don't know whether your
name is Hans or Peter?"
•'You see, I vas a twin. My broder
an' me vas born at the same time. One
of us got froze ven ve vas little, an' my
mother she know not vich von it vas."
"How old are you?"
'•Three years ago now I tank I vas 21
years old. I am 22 now."
"How do you reckon that?',
"The two years I vas in Sweden Idon't
"Are you a married man?"
"Who did you marry?"
"A woman, of course."
"You don't suppose the court under
stands that you could marry a man!"
"I don't know. My sister she married
a man last fall."
"What is your trade?"
"I've got tree trade."
"What are they!"
"In the morning I milk the cow at
noon I go down town, loaf 'round, and
at night I get full."
By the court—Why do you evade the
questions asked you in this manner
What do you suppose I am sitting here
"Oh I don't know quite—about three
dollar a day, I s'pose."
"Chief, lock this man up until he
*«Much oblige, yudge I tank I vork
yon plenty.^Dis har a pretty cold vin
«. sj. teg»3
The Swiss President's Experiences in Libby
Ten months after my capture the fate
which ihey had escaped seemed in store
forme. A Northern court-martial had
condemned to death three Confederate
officers, Mayor Armsey, Captain Gorden,
and Lieutenant Davis. By order of Jeffer
son Davis, three of our oiKcers were
taken as hostages for the condemned,
and the lot fell upon Major Robert Goff,
of West Virginia Lieutenant Manning,
of Massachusetts, and myself. The com
mander of the Libby Prison apprised us
of the fact, and declared positively that
if Armsey, Gordon, and Davis should be
hanged, no earthly power would save us
from the same fate. Without further
notice we were transferred to the cellar,
and there confined to a durk cell, nine
feet long by six and a half feet wide.
This happened on May 3, 1864. I was
then twenty-five and a half years of age,
the oldest of the three. We had hither'©
suffered almost unbearable hunger, but
there now began, besides the agony of
confinement, real starvation. Our daily
ration.'which we received every day about
noon, consisted of t. little piece of corn
bread, a morsel of rancid bacon, and six
or seven spoonfuls of niggerbeans or rice
of the meanest quality. By strict order
of the government, the total ration was
not tc exceed the weight of three-quart
ers of a pound and two ounces. Very
foi tunately, there were a number of rats
in the cellar, and they paid us a visit the
first night of our confinement. Fiieud
Manning, who was a clever and imagin
ative man, proposed to hunt these horrid
animals, hich, especially at night, used
to fight most fiercely. He constructed a
trap, and we used our half-rotten bacon
as bait. The rat having been caught, it
was my business to raise the cover until
it showed its head, when the major had
to set to work and to belabor its head
with a log until it was dead. Next
morning tlie rats were cooked by the
negro who had to clean our cell, and
then we ate them. It required a dreadful
hunger to conquei the disgust we had for
these beasts.—From "My American ex
pediences," by tlie President of the Swiss
Republic, Emil Frey, in North American
Review for Febiuary.
Webstei, S. D., h.ts just established a
chapter of the Sons of Rest. The Reporter
and Farmer says that any red or liite
male over 21 who will make affidavit
that he has not worked for over six
weeks is eligible. Some of the by-lawsare
"The seal of the order shall be a setting
sun and a lyre lecumbentvvith the motto,
'Let Others Woik.'
"The use of the pick,shov cl and hay fork
is .siiictly prohibited.
"Any member found lidiiiff on a loaded
wago will be a subject ol investigation.
"Marriage is looked upon with great
disfavor by the order as being too con
ducive to work.
"Any well selected sickness, with its
attendant comfoits, not considered
derogatory to the good of the order.
-It shall be the duty of all members in
good standing to attend all show s, dan
ces, entertainments and funerals, at
which no admission fee is charged.
"'Working the fanner'is not con
sidered manual labor and must not be
construed to the disadvantage of bankers,
collectors, ptc seeking admission.
"Postmasters and other federal officials
out of a job, may be received into the
order at the expiration of their terms of
The late Henry W. Grady, of Atlanta,
Georgia, the eloquent "New South" ora
tor, was a protectionist, although a de
mocrat, and in stating his views once
"I attended a funeral in Pickens coun
ty, Georgia, of a poor man. They bur
ied him in the midst of a marble quarry
they cut through the solid marble to
make his grave and yet the little tomb
stone they put above him was from Ver
mont. They buried him in the midst of
a pine forest, and yet the pine coffiu ^as
imported from Cincinnati. They buried
him within touch of an iron mine and yet
the nails in his coffin and the iron in th*
shovel that dug the grave were imported
from Pittsburg. They buried him by the
side of the best sheep grazing country
on the earth, and yet the wool in the cof
fin bands themselves were brought from
the north. The South did not furnish a
thing on earth for that funeral but the
corpse and the hole in the ground. There
they put him away and clods rattled *X'
down on the coffin and they buried him
in a New Y»rk coat and a Boston pair
of shoes, and a pair of breeches from
Chicago and a shirt- from Cincinnati,
leaving him nothing to carry into the
world with, him to remind him of the £f
country in which he lived and for which
he fought for four ye,trs but the chill of
blood in his veins and the marrow in