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New Ulm review. (New Ulm, Brown County, Minn.) 1892-1961, February 12, 1913, Image 1

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aEvolutionw
Is
Merely Growth
Eminent Biologist Explains
Its Workings as a Force
For Uplift.
Large Audience Listens to
Able Talk by Prof. Siger
foos of U. of M.
Monday eight's audience at the
Oervsn M. E Chuich reminded one
of ibe early days in Ibe history of the
many small cities and vi)luges of this
country when one meeting-hou»e
sufficed for all instead of there being
a separate place of worship for every
handful or two of citizens, as is the
onto In most communities at the
present day. The crowd tbat aibered
to listen to Prof 8igeifoos' lecture
oa "Evolution" waa composed of
members from every protestant de
nomination in the oily and a goodly
number from the ranks of those whs
ate not affiliated with any church
organisation. It was a representative
•valence, business men, educators and
laborers all being interested to know
BOW the speaker on a church platform
would handle a topic that for years
has been looked upon destructive
of the Church's beliefs.
Prof. Slgerfoos is not an orator
and his talk lacked the finish of
polished wording and the aparkle of
•it bet the common-place vehicle of a
somewhat hesitating speech carried
Ms message just as surely as the more
smoothly flawing words of a ready
talker and there were no flights «f
eloquence to detract from the real
substance of his talk. It was a lecture
that appealed strongly to thinkers and
students, one inclined to make people
thick along steadily advancing lines.
The more of such work the churches
can Introduce the greater will be their
uplifting influence. There is no need
to fear any destiuctlve effect because
as Dr. Strickler, in introducing the
speaker, truly said "Truth of one
sort is never antagonistic to another
truth." Whatever is true will stand
9^9rj test and it should be the aim of
every person to find the truth, thiu
science as well as thru religion. Dr.
Strickler assured Prof Slgerfoos the*
he might feel as free to speak plainly
from the platform as he would in bis
own class room.
Prof. Slgerfoos began his .talk by
•bowing that Evolution is not merely
•he theory that man descended from
monkeys as so many people imagine
it to be. He showed that growth of
•ay and every sort is evolution. Be
•raced the success in building the
Panama Canal back thru the stages of
she study of disease. The reason the
Canal has been so long delayed was
because the fevers nod malaria
prevalent in that zone prevented the
work being done. He showed how a
doctor atudect discovered the malaria
norms in the human blood, how he
followed up the discovery with the
investigation which /led to the
knowledge that the mosquito waa the
means of introducing this germ into
the human body, fle showed how the
destruction of the mosquito cleared
she Canal Zone of malar.a and per*
•Bitted the construction of the canal
to be pushed forward. 8uch growth
la a process of evolution. He told
the story of the great French doctor,
Pasteur, and how he evolved tbe
disease germ theory anJ applied the
theory in tbe treatment of disesse,
notably In his care of patients suffer
ing from h)dropbobie. He showed
how modern ascepiio surgery has been
evolved from tbe Pasteur investiga.
•ions.
Prof. Slgerfoos treated briefly the
Nebular Theory of tbe evolution of
the various bodies in tbe solar system
from the rarified, cloud-like substance
that once filled all space, thus showing
that evolution began so many millions
of years sgo that the human mind
caoooi conceive of the beginnings of
things. The main portion of his talk
dealt with the evolution of animal life
fro the simplest terms of germ life
that exist in myriads in every inch of
4aad and water. He showed that tbe
beginning of every form of life is
identical with the beginning of every
other exlstiog form known and showed
that tbe higher forms, such as the
horse and man bad their beginnings
in a tiny germ cell just as does even
the lowliest creature, tbe only
difference being that the higher forms
im
•"•^ftt
have evolved farther, gone thru more
changes. He stated th*t given one or
two of tbe simpler forms of life tie
higher forms may be evolved from
them in time.
Tbe lecturer next showed tbe reason
for the interest shown by biologists in
•solution. He showed that from
earliest times man has been curious
to know tbe why and wherefore of tbe
things about him. In early tines
Pericles and Aristotle sought to
enlighten their fellowmen by ad
vancing theories they had worked out
in explanation of one phenomenon
and another observed In their life
lie told how Darwin worked for more
than 20 years before giving the results
of bis investigations to the world and
then went on to abow more particu
larly tbe steps ic tbe evolution of
various species. This part of his talk
was illustrated with models showing
how tbe horse's boof has evolved from
the five-toed toot of an animal quite
different in appearance from tbe
oreseot-day animal. Another model
showed the similarity, between tbe
bones of the hand of man and of tbe
gorilla and a third showed that the
brains of all vertebrates are very
similar in form. Tbis similarity of
anatomical construction forms one
basis for Darwin's theory. At tbis
point Prof. Sigeifoos Indicated that
no definite, absolute conclusions can
be reached along tbis line as there
seems always to be something still
unexplained by any Jcnowa facta of
anatomy. He then took up tbe
embryologlcal lines of evidence and
showed that the human embryo has
its beginning just as other life forms
do in a cell, or egg, that In its rapid
development successively assumes the
varying characteristics of the lower
forms of life, reproducing as It were
the history of the human race in the
brief time from tbe fertilization of the
cell to tbe birth of tbe child.
Tbe minor differences known as
"parental modifications" Prof. Slger
foos explained as due to the environ
ments of parents and to fortuitous
conditions. He said heredity must be
recognised to a certain extent but put
little stress upon its influence. He
next treated of the process of
"Natural Selection," showing that
Nature produces infinitely greater
numbers of ttfe forms, thin are ever
allowed to come to maturity, an
average of only two desceodents sur
viving tbe stress and strain of life no
matter how great the number pro
duced originally. Tbis is tbe doctrine
of tbe survival of tbe fittest as Nature
carries it out in order to improve
upon her progeny.
Tbe differentiation of species was
next illustrated by means of charts
showing that certain results can be
secured by certain processes of cro*s
fertilization. Tbe speaker said that
results so far obtained would indicate
that it is impossible to produce any
effect on tbe mental development
shown at birth. It seems that all of
us come into the world in practically
tbesame state of mental ignorance
but the hope held put by the lecturer
is that we may so improve our
environments that those coming alter
us will grow more rapidly and with
fewer hindrances (o a higher, better
spiritual and mental state. The
lesson to be gleaned from his talk was
that if all recognize tbe broad theory
of evolution all c»n help to elevate
and improve the human race. As to
final explanations, they are still be
yond us and will probably always be.
Sleepy Eye Mao Injured.
Aboutb:25p. m. Monday evening,
the switch engine on going to the stock
yarda ran into the rear end of a lum
ber wagon at the west end crossing,
tnrowiog the wagon off the track and
dumping the driver, John Roberts
out of tbe wagon. The fall fractured
the young man's skull and rendered
him unconscious. The unfortunate
young man, whose age is about 25
years, was brought to tbe office of Dr.
Wellcome, local railroad pbysiciao,
who examined him and found a aerious
fracture of tbe skull near the base of
tbe brain. He was removed to the
home of hiB mother where be is being
taken care of. At this writing he is
still unconscious, and tbe doctor does
not give out any hope of his recovery.
The team was owned by Robert
Hoppe of Leavenworth, who employed
young Roberts. It can not be ascer
tained whether the team became un
controllable and tbe young man final
ly tried to make the crossing ahead
of the engine.
Some of the crossings should be
safe guarded some way by the rail
road company.—Sleepy Eye Herald
Dispatch.
H. S. Board Votes Fund.
will have the support
it deserves.
Track and field work is playing a
more and more important part io ath
letics of recent years and tbis move of
the Board's is certainly a step in t^e
right direction. No other branch of
sport takes the careful and systema
tic training of track and the discipline
of tbe work, in itself, is a good thing
for tbe boys, it opens up a large field
for all tbe boys for the diversity of
events gives a chance for every one
who has the stamina and grit to work.
With tbe splendid backlog of years
of gymnasium training, there is no
reason why New Ulm High School
should not turn out a well balanced
teem of point-winners in every event.
Mr. Lewis will have charge of the work
and will commence trailing as soon as
tbe weather a ill permit out of door
wotk.
Inter-class meet* will be held in tbe
spring to pick tbe most likely candi
dates for the school team and to decide
the class championship. The team
chosen from these trials will represent
tbe High School in the Ioter-scbolas
tie meets of the stale. The two most
Important of these meets are the Uni
versity of Minn, meet and tbe Carle
ton Inter-scbolastie held at Northfield
in May. New Ulm will probably enter
men in both these meets and a dual
meet with some neighboring Higb
School will probably be arranged.
Teacher Enjoined.
Before Judge I. M. Olsen, Henry
Buggert of Stately, one of the mem
bers of school district No. 66, in
Stately, petitioned tbe judge to issue
an order compelling Miss Wiooa Fox
to give up key of school house and
vacate tbe premises. Upon tbe evi
dence adduced at tbe bearing, tbe
judge issued such order and told her
she should apply to tbe court for tbe
salary she considered due her. It
seems that for two months the teacher
tried to teapb school against tbe wishes
of two members of tbe board who were
backed by nearly all tbe patroos of
the school, except her father who was
clerk of the board.
The result of tbe judge's order is a
victory for Messrs. Louis Tbordj-on
and Henry Buggert, two school board
members. Tbey will get another
teacher.—Sleepy Eye Herald Dispatch.
Mr. Frank Dragnun of Watertown,
8. D«k., spent a few days with Mr.
I and Mrs. F. D. Minium last week.
Washington's Birthday Program
Given by Hecker Post Saturday Afternoon, Feb. 22 at
,. Turner Hall.
1. Music—Selected High School Orchestra
2. Exercise-Forming Old Glory
1st and 2nd Grades-Union Bldg
3. Exercise-The First Flag Lutheran School
4. Drill-The Ideal East Building
5. English Address Mr. F. W. Johnson
6. Song-School March Holy Catholic School
7. Drill-Doll Drill
Those who love athletics in any font
will be heartily gratified at the action
of the Bigb School Board at a recent
meeting when tbey voted tbe necessar
funds to launch track athletics la the
High School. The enthusiasm evinced
by tbe High 8cbool boys on learning
of the Board's action shows clearly
cbat this new line of athletic activity Thp running ex^attes of the poor
Tat ,-s *v
*oTuaOW*
VOLUMK XXXIV. NEW ULM, BROWN COUNTY, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1913. MIMJHKK 7
Primary Grades Washington School
8. Exercise-The Red, White and Blue
Lutheran School
9. Recitation-Washington Ylona Bentdahl
10. Exercise-Following the Flag North Building
11. German Address Hon. Albert Pfaender
11 Recitation The Land We Love
13. Exercise-Eaily Celebrations•6th GradeUnion Bldg
14. Exercise-When Washington Rode
4thi& 5th Grades Union Bldg
15. A Reverie Agnes Bastion, 8th Grade
16. Dumbbell Exercise Turner Boys' Class
17. Song-The Flag Goes By 7th Grade Union Bldg
18. Monologue-The Call of the Flag Wiliard Vogel
19. Exercise-Patriotism 3rd Grade Union Bldg
21. Pantomine Song: Columbia The Gem of the Ocean
Holy Trinity School
Grammar Grades Washington Bldg.
21. Song-America Audience
County Poor Expenses.
County Auditor Vogel has completed
his aotiual report to (be State Buard
of Cbat ities showing the amounts of
money paid out by Brown County for
its depeodeut citizens. Tbe County
expended during the year tbe sum of
•10,273 34, of wuicb 11000 was paid on
tbe purchase price of tbe poor farm.
•nd popularity ^^amounte to $288199. B*»taW
that sum 81821 1» was paid for board
log and nursing paupers outeideot
tbe poor borne $412 60 was paid out
for the relief of paupers not boarded
at county expense and there was ex
penaed the furtuer sum of $2027 37 for
fixed mouthy stipnJs. Tne total
money paid out for medical attendauce
and medicines for all the depeudeuts
iucluoing the poor home inmates
aggregated tbe sum of $1663 30 and
for the transportation of paupers the
sum of $60 82 was expended. Tiw
burial expenses amounted to $250 and
for all other purposes a trifle over
$100 waa paid out.
The total number of applications
received during the year amounted to
b3, asking aid for 77 persons. Of
tuese, 7 were boarded at county ex
pense, with private citizens and in the
neighborhood of 20 families received
a fixed monthly stipend.
That the needy poor are not found
in the country districts may be seen
from tbe financial statement of tbe
County Auditor. It appears there
from that in Commissioner District
No. 2 which is comprised almost
wholly of rural communities only tbe
earn ut $70 00 was expended for the
relief of the poor. For District No.
2, which includes the 1st ward of New
Uim and the Towns of Cottonwood
and Slgel, tbe sum of $117 30 was
paid out which compares very favoi
ably with tbe rest of tbe districts.
These all exceeded the $500 mark,
|590 87 being expended for tbe relief
ot the poor for the 3j district, *550 20
IJX the Sleep Eye district and $699 00
for tbe Springfield district
Recital at Congregational Church.
Friends of Miss Alma Heimerdinger
and Miss Lucile Hubbard were not
disappointed in their anticipations of
a most pleasant evening last Friday
for the entertainment provided by the
two young ladies was tboroiy enjoy
able every moment of tbe two hours
occupied by tbe program of musical
cumbers and readings
Nearly every sest in the Congrega
tional Cburcb Lecture room was taken
before eight o'clock and no late
comers disturbed the intensely inter
ested listeners after tbe first number
on tbe program began. Tbe audieoce
was pleasantly surprised to riod that
a musical number not dowa on tbe
programs had been provided, a violin
solo, "Cavatioa" by Rass by Mr.
Robert Scberer with piano accompan-
MsmppnvnnpMR
iment by Mrs. Scherer. As an encore
tbey gave Galtermann's *'L*»s Adieus"
which was even more pleasing than
tbe first number.
Miss Hubbard was suffering from a
very severe cold which made it ex
tremely difficult fo hereto carry out
heir part of tbe program with justice to
herself. However,* be* voice waa
sweet and clear and her audience had
no fault to find.
Bliss Heimerdinger was at her best
in Justin Buntly McCarthy'a "If I
Were King." She is always a
favorite with New Dim audiences for
her charm of manner that manifests
itself all thru her work without in tbe
least detracting from ita merits. Her
reading was divided iato three
sections the first giving the story of
the King in disguise in tbe tavern aad
tbe roustabout, Francois Villon,
telling wbst would happen in Prance
'•if he were king." Tbe second read
ing told of Villon in tbe office of tbe
Grand Constable of France, where all
power was given him to do as he chose
for one week at tbe end of which brief
time of power and glory he must die
unless he could wiu the favor of a
high court lady. The last scene
reveals tbe triumph of tbe Grand
Constable both in war and in love
Miss Hubbard's first selections were
"Boat Song" by Ware and "The
Year's at tbe Spring" by Beach. Her
second choice was a group of dainty
lyrics "The Pansy", "The Clover"
and "The Bluebell" by McDowell and
"The Children's Prayer" by Reger
and "A Madrigal" by Harris made
up her third group of songs.
Two special features ID tbe program
deserving of commendation were the
promptness with which it was opened
and the fact that there was no attain,»
to stretch tbe program out and $
more for the money. There was jus.
enuf of it to form a most enjoyable
entertainment.
"Fastnacht" at Turner Hall
One might easily have thought that
his grandmother and ail her aisteis
bad come back to earth for an eve
ning of pleasure last Fastnacht at
Turner Hall when the guests of tbe
TarMr a A
gmUk9f9d lb
Hard Time Party arranged for thai
evening. Nearly all the ladies bad
rummaged about in tbeir garrets aun
brought to sigbt long forgotten gar
meets of shapes and hues most pecu
liar viewed in tbe light of present da
styles. There were gowns of ever
decade for tbe last fifty years or more
and some of tbe ladies looked most
charming in tbe quaint fashions
by-gone times. It must be confessed
however, that the majority of tb.
costumes were funny, combining as
tbey did tbe styles of two or three
periods in one costume io man
instances. Several of the teachers of
the public schools wore costumes of
tbe Colonial dajs that looked very
attractive with their powdered hair
and fresh faces. Most of the gentle
men confined tbeir costumes to tb»
comic order and added greatly to tbe
merriment of the evening by tbe
grotesque combinations of bright hued,
vests and neck ties with solemn long*
tailed coats. It was a tie between the
absurdities of tbeir bead gear and
that worn by tbe ladies.
Two hundred guests were present,
nearly all of whom partook of the
dancing tho a few came merely as
spectators. Supper was served in
tbe Dutch Room and the dancing
lasted until the wee, sma' hours. Tbe
class netted more than $105 wbicb
will be used to defray tbe expenses of
tne trip to Denver to take part in the
National tournament in June.
There were a number of other
dinces given in tbe city tbe ssnO
evening and a gene al gooo time t«
raported bv all wbo joined in the Fast
nicbt festivities.
4
Antarctic Explorerand Party Perish
Capt. Robert Scott, tbe antarctic ex
plorer and four members of his party
died fr exposure on tbeir return
trip from the South Pole which h»
reached anuar 18 1912 When with
io eleven miies from a provision depot
after having made their way back to
witbin 155 miles of Cape Evans tbey
were caught in a blizzard which Iastt-d
about nine days. Tbeir food supply
eventually gave out and tbe entire
party perished from exposure about
March 29, 1912. News of this disaster
was brought to a oart in New Zealand I tery after he had given notice three
by a signaled message from tbe ship
Terre Nova, wbicb late last year went
to tbe south to bring Capt. S-ott and
bis companions back from their jour
to the South Pole.
"XT i* J1*
Petition For
Reduced Rate
The "ubject of opening up Thir
teenth' Sooth street fer traffic was
brought up by Chairman Oieseke of
the street committee. this street
were opened It would nrovJde a
rect route from the Courtland
bridge to Minnesota street But Ut*
tie work would be required to put
this street into passable condition/
It would, however, necessitate the
construction of suitable' railroad'
crossings over the tracks. The
council thought favorably of the mat
ter and City Attorney Somsen was
instructed to notify the railroad com
panies of the city's wishes.
Alderman Retslaff called attention
to the dangerous condition of the
crossing over the Northwestern tracsn
at Third South street He suggest
ed that the railroad company he
forced to maintain a watchman at
this point especially when cars are
being switched over the crossing.
In Mr. Retzlaff's opinion most
not all, of the danger would -e elim
inated if the company would move
its switching yards south of the
freight depot This matter was dis
posed of by referring It to a com
mittee consisting of Alderman Rets
laff and City Attorney Somsen with
full power to act
Chairman Ruemke of the electric
light committee reported that a pe
tition had been presented to his com
mittee requesting a reduction of the
motor power rate from six to four
cents per kilowatt end that on ac
count of tne Illness of Supt Bolstad
no action had been taken. Before
ordering a reduction the committee
will ascertain the oost of producing
the current for motive power. The
idea of a sliding scale giving the
heavy users of power a lower rate
than the small consumer, met with
scant favor.
The application of C. D. Roof for
permission to operate a popcorn
wagon on our street corners was
turned down by a vote of four to
two.
A petition
sprinkling of
from Fourth
street Bigned
»5PS
Aw
Motor PoweJ* Too Higb* a
Cents. Sprinkling Pet
itioD Presented.
Slot Machines In Disrepute'
Police Will Investigate
Conditions.
Owing to the illness of City Clert
A. J. Meyer at the Mat Tegular meet
ing of the city council, Alderman C.
F. Ruemke waa ananhnously elected/
to act as city clerk pro tern.
Considerable of the time of the
session was devoted to the .discus
sion of matters perjMJaJng to the lo
cal railroad companies. In a letter
received from the station agent of
the M. ift St I* into company de
clined to put in a tarafltile at Ninth
South street so had Been requested
by the city Munett^aad etated that
it would he agrees*** the com
pany If people who reonested this
turnstile would make nee of the
Seventh South street crossing, tn
the course of tho «1»OTSBVon It de
veloped further that the railroad
company had at one ttam placed a
turnstile at the Ninth otreet crossing
but had removed it later when
threat was made that they would
be compelled to open up other
streets if this turnstUo were allowed
to remain. As the matter seemed to
require further Investigation tbe city
clerk was Instructed to notify Sta
tion Agent Leary to appear before
the next meeting of «»e council in
order that the question may be fully
discussed.
it
requesting that the
Broadway be extended
North to Sixth North
by a majority of the
property owners affected, was refer
red to the board of public works.
The cemetery committee was in
structed to investigate the complaint
of Ferdinand Gollnast that he is be
ing called upon to pay for work
done upon a grave in the city ceme-
years ago to discontinue the work.
The annual report of the New Ulm
Fire Department Relief association
for the last fiscal year showing a
(Continued on fourth page)

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