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Writ tmT-TTISTri -
$5'Tkc Southerner" will bo sent to
the patrons of "The Tarboro' Press,"
- until otherwise directed. Those who
have overpaid for the "Press," will be
supplied with "The Southerner" in place
thereof. Persons in arrears for the
.'"Press" can make payment or remit
tances, to Geo. Howard or.. the present
- JSWe send this number, as a speci
men copy, to several persons, whose in
fluence and frienlly assistance we res
To OUR READERS
The Press of our country occupies at
present a position so prominent, and
t wields an influence so great, that we
feel there arc important responsibilities
-attached even to the plain and unassu
ming garb of a village editor. The vil
lagc paper is one of the component parts,
a little rivulet of that mighty ocean on
which rides even the old ship of State
bearing in her hold the treasures of our
country her institutions, her Liberty,
Yit'v vrrv linrsrinr5s: TTrnv TSPPOKS.irv is
. , ,
it then, that even the smallest of the
many streams, whose Sowings compose
this mighty whole, should well tip wa
ters "pure and undefiled." How desi
rable that its meanderings should be
guide 1 by virtue, and never flow beyond
the boundaries of truth. Yet, how dif
ferent! Instead thereof, wc find it often
jauiper:ng the prejudices of its readers,
covering with adulation the vices of its
favorites, and humbuging the multitude
into the snares of the base and cunning
few. Prone to err, like all mankind,
xro Mn onlv hone to avoid the breakers
so well known to our ctafL However,
the faults of the Press though numerous !
weigh biit little against the immense
good it accomplishes, and taint but !
slightlv the.brilliant, higher career it is ;
destined to run.
Youthful, imaginative of course, j
ask you to judge leniently our labors,
giving full weight to whatever may be
rf -.-r-vf li nr't iri nlrin rr rrn ,-vmi:l v nt. tv.ir '
... . , , . , .
foibles and follies. Kemember taat ;
while you like naught but the "stern
Wlitics f life," there are many who
prefer tho ..fancy stores" of the imagl-.
nation, or that while you delight in
the ordinary scenes of every day lite,
others thirst after the stirring events of
politics, and let not the selfish wish,
ihat all should be for your benefit and
, . ' ,. . ,
onr( with rmir t;ifo . hif vmr iirlrr.
j , j .... ,,..0
tnent and condemn our course. . . 1 TT ,
,TT . " . , ! Art. III. Thc trench people are
A c have not yet sufficiently recover .conVllkeJ iu thcir cloctiv, coll...s fr;)m
cd from the effects of thc Christmas ho- ; the 14th to the 21st of December.
JIydaysto diseitss" our principles, but; A rt. IV. Thc state of siege is decreed
"these time and events will soon unfold. lintll wholc tkc military di-
...... We feel that we .should say some
thing concerning the hero of the age. j
'Ere he visited our ldnd," Louis Kossuth ,
was the acknowledged hero oftho Con-1
.tinent, " As a devoted patriot, a pro-j
found statesman, and a great command- j
cr, he had stamped his name upon the !
brightest page of European history, j
""But a higher' destiny awaited himby
i Li in
the power of k,s thoughts and the m,g -
.ic of his eloquence, to arouse thc young
: giant of America from his slumbers, and
to shake a policy written by thc hand
;of our father, and impressed by the toa
Ichings of our greatest sages.
. In this last, we cannot wish him sue
i cess, for we believe it impolitic; yet !
-our sympathies are with him. Our pol
icy may suffer from his attacks, still we
will owe him much. Millions of pur
. citizens have imbibed fresh patriotism
from the outpourings of his mighty soul,
-and now tread the sod of their native
'land with a prouder, happier step. His
speeches are Liberty's muniments of ti
ile; for they contain "those deep and
sweeping thoughts, which overpower all
others," secure Liberty where it exists,
and must "conduct at last the world t
The New Year.
; Nature has turned a new leaf in tlr
Jokofjjme. . Should it not, my recri
s, remind you that a few more turn-
ings and your brief life story will be
"rounded with a sleep a sieep ma
, , i o xi
shall leave all blank to the end ot that
old book lime. What, then, snau do,
written on the few leaves left, is a ques-
tion which, methinks, it would be well ;
What, then, shall bo,
tn nnnsMpr. Sllfl t be W th the aC- i
tions of a man a man of hard blows
and persevering energy, one who wills I gamier, vavaignae, juuau, uauiun
to do and does his will? or shall they j ciere, Leflo, Col. Charras, MM Baze,
b e filled with frivolities, intermixed with
threadbare good intentions, ornamented of the Assembly, and, it is said, twenty
nerhaos. here and there, with a blear j two or twenty-eight others, were arrest-
? n.mqidor tVirll XTfYII
would have it, and not intend that it
shall be so, but "without fear and with
a brave heart" go at it and make it so.
Think not that you will make it so, for
you have no future, the present only is
1 thine. intend never made an old
fence a new one, never grubbed a yard,
never cleared an acre: nor did it ever
furbish up the stores of the head, or
soften and improve the feelings of thei
While the intendcr 13 devising hi4
mighty plans of universal renovation,
the worker strikes where he sees blows
needed, and finds in the happy effects of
his labor, a pleasing incentive to con
tinue his cheerful, because productive,
efforts. Successful, he looks, with a
contented heart, on the bright- side of
Ji feels generous and sympathetic, re
0 . j ,
lieets from his owu feelings a brightness
on all nature, then
11 , . 1 ,., . I
May such be your lot.
"In this county, on Sundaj' the 1 itli
ult., a lad named Henry Bland, -aged a
bout 14 years, was accidentally shot by n
Mr. Brown. They were at the house of
a neighbor about two miles from younr
Bland's home, when just as Bland w;:s
about to ave the house, the gun whi( b
Br0W!1 carelessly handling, went off
lodSinS tllc whole contents in Bland'
lcft Ym below the elbow, except a
shot which entered his abdomen, and
Ilrovod M il IIe l5 ""til Wed-
nesday f, .11. nving.
Revolution in Paris.
On Tuesday the 2nd day of Decern!) r
the principal streets of Pans wore oecu.
DIP! fir, .in o.'irlr h nir liv mfrmiir li- lf.j
. J ' (
"' T ""5 !
ff'!'S dccreC was ''itaJ 0,1 "!S
ot 1 ans: ,
'thc president nf the n;publie decree!'
, . T rru A- i t n '
Art. 1. lhe National AssemWv is
; Art. II. Universal suffrage i, re-cs-1
rp, i (.., , a i
lahllSIied. 1 he law Ot the d 1st of 3IaV
Art. V. The Council of State is dis
solved. Art vi nu x. t . .
or j3 charged with the execution of thi
ut.iu. i a. .me lmisiur oi me lntcri-
LOUIS NAPOLEON BONAPARTE,
On the same morning the President
iued an appeal to thc people, in which,
ater stating that he had dissolved the
Assembly, because instead of acting
for the public good it had become the
; tt not i4, ii-. ixi i
; thoat e of plots dest, ,e,l to load to c.vl
j war, he submits to their "suffrages the '
following fundamental bases of a consti
tuticai" "a system created by the first
Consul in the beginning of the present
1st. A responsible Chief named for
ten years. '
2d. Thc ministers dependent on the
3d. A Council of State, formed of tho
most distinguished men, preparing the
laws mvj. inamraming the discussion be
fore the legislative corps. -
4th. A legislative corps, discussing
and voting the laws, named by univer
sal suffrage, without the scrutin de liste
which falsifies the election.
5th. A second Assembly formed of
"ulue "lustnous persons oftho nation
-a preponderating power, guardian of
iunoamentalpact and of public lib
At the same time, he issued a very
ittering, sympathetic proclamation to
le army, in which for the sake of the
majesty of France" he inserts the fol
wing very politic a 1 vice.
ote, then, freely as citizens y but as
soldiers do not 'forged thai? passive -.p
thft chief nfJhp.
government is the rigorous duty of the -
dier It ig for - am resp0nsible I
dier Jt ig for m- wt6 am responsible
for my actions before the people and
posterity, to adopt the measures most
uumuvu tu mu pumio vroixai.
During the mornings Generals Chan-
n ? t.1 T :
Thiers, Brun, the Commissary of Police
People have been taken so much by
surprise, though such an event might
have been foreseen, that it is difficult
to say anything on the public feelin g
All the accounts from the faubourgs are
unanimous in declaring that the people
are well pleased at what has been done ;
and it cannot be denied that the in
trigues and plots of the chiefs of parties
in the Assembly had long 'since disgust
On Wednesday, M. Baudin, a repre
sentative of the people, appeared on
horseback in the Rue St. Antoine, and
harangued the workmen, inciting them
to insurrection. A couple of barricades
were thrown up, which were soon taken
and demolished by the troops 10 or 12
persons being either killed or wounded.
Letters, by the Baltic, state the num-
ber of killed to be much larger than first
reported. Two Americans, named Mar.
tjn am Stafford, spectators, were killed.
voi. oiean, 01 a iiiiaav.iiMi.1, aiau lur-
Tor Tiik Southerner.
Mr. Editor: Tnthc cxpir'ng number
of tlif Press I observe a communication
signed a "Ditcher," the object, aim and
purpose of which is clearly a covert and
insidious sneer at the Order oftho Hons
f Temperance. Why and whence
comes this opposition to an innocent and
useful institution? Whence comrs this
stab in the Inafc of an association which
annot possibly do harm, and which
!'iy one with half an rye must s-?e is
productive of ima-h good. Alas! for
in r poor countrv. The tinn-s mut be
growing dcseral . indeed, the refuted
s!:ndcr that v i 1 1 1 us "ignorance is bliss
in 1 tis fdlv to be wise." will be acain
revived, of 'such course and puny flings
at the Order of the Sons of Temperance
e suffered to pass unnoticed. I will
not sit silently and hear them. My
sen'iments mivH out.
l" . the ail of
the "Iea.li jouraaLs m,;l history," he
hn Rout rnrhil v m with the times:
an 1 in nu.to a nrofound T)hilosotdiical
m inner; propounds some queries which
:l smhomre in his teens or a school boy
. , . , t , , 3 , i
yet m his "horn book, could have solv-
C J ff. him;, .V "ajiing journals
an i nisiory nas ne rcai i yy c asK ior , t&c launder oi our armies m me neld, :
. ..... , .. ...
miormation, ior really we are curious to i
know whence comes so many
lg through j
and absurdities, seen strollin
his article. "Tho leading journals and !
history!" Boll thinker! sagacious lo-j
gician ! ! polished rhetorician ! ! ! You ;
think of all things Temperance should !
be adored bT all mankind. We have
heard of adoration to the author of our
being, of adoration to a sovereign, of ad-
oration to a woman : but never till en-
lightened by Ditcher's polished pen did j futions; or whether a Hungarian excile
we hear of adoration to a cause wholly: shall come hither, and by his acts ex
secular. Ne sutor ultra crrpidam. pose us to the derision of mankind, by
Hear him. "By temperance I mean endeavoring to induce us to mingle in
not abstinence, but that temperance that European broils, and spend our blood
goes for the cxtemuxtion and perpetua-' and treasure, from which we are to ob-
tion of the blessings of mankind, civily j
j and religiously." Does he mean what j
ui;iu wnLursi xim piam, practical, i
literal tl,lnsIation of
that he goes in for dimini,s7tinjtna per-
potuating the blessings of mankind
See extenuation (W ebster unabridged.)
"Was such a code of Temperance as
thc one now extolled ever practised in
the days of antiquity ?" We will come
the Yankee at Ditcher by propounding
him a quid pro quo a Rowland for his
Oiiver. Had the splendid genius of
Fulton given motion to the steam car at
the rate of fifty miles the hour in the
days of antiquity? Had the steam pal
ace of the 19 th century ploughed the
roush Atlantic from New York to Liv
erpool in ten days during the apostolic
era ? Was Morse's Telegraph flashing
despatches from Maine to Louisiana in
the twinkling of an eye, when Wash
ington commanded at Brandywine or
received Cornwallis's" sword at York
town? Come up to the scratch, bold
Knight of the Spade, and answer mv
queries. This is emphatically the ag't;
of progress and improvement in things
ornamental and useful. Tis becomin ;
that the mind should keep pace with the
material. When the word distance
about to be blotted from the vocabubr
! fisi nncrainlv Vi flu 1
j remain in the "valley -of .obscurky..
Avaunt td your -dogmatical ditchings !
flome- forth -from the for and doom
which surrounds you. Up and adomg,
phili3tines be Shako off
the hide-bound notions encrusting your
caput. Stand forth a man, . liberal, en
lightened, progressive, of the 19 th cen
Mr. Editor, wc do not belong to the
Sons of Temperance, and never expect
to ; but we fear not to break a lance in
their defence when assailed. Their
aims are praise-worthy By associated
effort many a forlorn hope has been res
tored to respectability and usefulness.
We associate for purposes religious, po
litical and agricultural. Why then
should it be a crime to associate to re
claim the unfortunate inebriate.
What mother that would not hail and
give a god-speed to a cause laboring to
reform a dissipated son. What wife to
bring back a lost husband. What mai
den to recall to virtue the betrothed of
her heart. But, Mr. Editor, I tire you
and your readers and will forbear. We i gate the occurrence,
all know what an up-hill business it is j Since noticing the above we have
combatting thick-skinned prejudice, as J learned from the acting Coroner that
well attempt to twist a rope of sand, or ; the jury having fully investigated the
make a velvet purse of a sow's ear." ' affair, have returned a verdict of lyuil
Shonld Ditcher again "return to his tif against the mother of the child, in
vomit, then perhaps may 1 too come;
' X X. V
forth the champion of "Love, Purity and
Washington, Doc. 12.
The Senate resumed the consideration
ii,.;f ,.fl0Ai,,t;ftn ftvt.mii;n, T.r'
is Kossuth a cordial welcome to the U-i
mtca atatcs. .
Mr.Mallory advocated the adoption
oftho resolution. However he mijrht
differ from other gontlem.m, he was at a
los to n,v how nnv untion could
have just ciuseof offenco with our giving
the illustrious exile a. cordial wclcone, "
Mr. Badger, in the c urse of his re-
marks, sail that as we hid invited Kos-i
suth toevmohere for purposes pc-rsrmul i
to himself; but he disavows suchpurpo-j
ses,and says that he ison a political!
mission that he has placed himselt in a
position to stir up the people, and asks
for means to make the declaration of j
armed intervention effectual. No sane-'
tion whatever had been given by the :
Executive branch of the Gowntmc nt to ,
welcome him in any such character. It
is one thing to welcome him as an imi-,
graut, and another thing to wdcome
him as a political agitator. It w is in
iudgment for a foreigner, who has just '
set his foot on our soil, to become a pro- i
pagator of his opinions, and the disscm- j
inator of measures beneficial to his own i
country and not to ours to intimate, by breakings panncl of the door, lars each. Mr Johnson, the ar.a
that, whatever may be the opinion of 'be tables, books, shelves, c, in Cer, and the others, were haih d iii
Ccngrcss, he will I appeal "from us to our. he ITOrlhcast end of the room were the sum of 2.CC0. coiulilioi.ed lor
hen ever a
, , , . , 1 , 7 J - "
comes to settle a moiw us, to enjoy tne ! , . . . , , 4 , V
privileges of our institutions, and theihaVt? been cxUnR'ed at that mo-
hWin.rs S oh lib-rt.v. nn.l to holn to I
'build up and perpetuate the prosperity :
(of the country we bid him welcome; and I
1 i . , ' i , I
( whenever a fvroigner comes, as he should j
: do, t.hed glory on our country, to direct
and add grace and council to our legist
tion, wc should ever be ready to bid
them welcome, as we do thc Senator
from Illinois, (Mr. Shields,) whom he
clasped nearer to his heart, lie thought
that no foreign missionary should come
here and attempt to instruct us in our
duty. Whether a foreigner, a member
of the British Parliament, laud on our
shores, to get up an agitation, and cn
deavor to shake the fabric of our insti
tain no benefit, he should obtain no
sympathy. It might be that he (Mr.
is. ) naa not vet cau cent tne iaca oi pro-
An aJrme1 . ; tcrvention -J
affairs of foreign nations was not only
against our uniform policy, but. against
Mr. Foote. The alien and sedition
laws are repealed. - -
Mr. Badger, replied, it was fortunate
for Kossuth that they had been. But
although the laws have been repealed,
it has not made sedition honorable.
Mr. Foote : briefly replied, defending
Kossuth, and said that he would have
travelled five hundred miles, riding the
most disagreeable horse in Christendom,
without any cessation, and without sleep
submitting to all the . discomforts ima
ginable in preference to hearing such a
harangue as that which the Senator had
Mr. Badger, explained. A short time
ago we had another political visionary,
George Thompson, a member of the
British Parliament, who exercised the
liberty of speech, addressing public
meetings in the NewJ3ngland States.
Mr. Foote. Thompson made speech
s against our domestic institutions.
After a few more tart sayings between
:ne two, Mr. lihett suggested that the
v 3te be taken. The resolution was then
assed by a vote of S to ft. .
For the next four or five days the
Senate employed its time listening to a
very warm debate between Messrs. But
ler, Footaand llhett on their, respective
Dreadful AccidenLWa learn from
the Wilmington papers, that Mr. Bar
ton, Engineer on board the tow boat
Fayetteville, at Wilmington, a few days
ago, was killed by the shaft of the ma
chinery. He was examining the oper
ations of the works and unfortunately
threw his head in a direction which
brought it in contact with the Shaft,
which cut off part of his head a nd break
ing his neck, producing instant death.
JB-Tke Elizabeth City Old North
State relates the following horrible oc
We learn that a small child was burn
ed to death yesterday. A jury of in
quest have been summoned to investi-
the words ijllowmf to wit:
"We believe that tho child carae to
hia death wilfully and feloniously by
fire in the cradle, and wo still further
believe that the mother was the cause i
of his death by putting tire to the cra -
: :ii 1 i 1
Luiuuizucu ior inai.
ns.-S ew Orleans, Dee. 25.-ro-d:iy
having oeen very generally uhservd :is
a holiday scarcely any business h been
transac4td. - A large number of dos-
patches have been received during the
cck from tho North, cancelling pre vi-
ous orders for purchases of cotton,
. Destruction oj the Library of
Congress. Th Wellington 'tele- The man killed was Milton Ma
graph of lhe a4lh ult. says: lt is'lhis said (J havR g
wil fec!i , of rofo(JmI t we!aml n.spectal;,e dlizcn and '
, 1 ' ., . -".e-
lcc,,r:, th,s Kreal "lamity. -able young man. The Wilmington
Al s,x "'clock tins morning the: Journal say
door of the Capitol were opened by j lVc are further informed that
Mr John W. Jones, captain of the 1 some 15 or 16 members of (lie
Capitol police, at Vhieh lime he be-1 Cire s company were arrested here
Hevos there was nothing on tire j yesterday on bench warrants issued
through the building. At a quarter
''PProach.nc the door ol lhe Library,
ne was convinced irora me smeu 01
snioke that somethi g was wrong,!
and he accordingly forced his way in
mcnt br ,he use ofhalfa dt.zen buck-
Ptaol water, lint the opening of
door cave vent to the flames and!
. . , .
thev soon ascended to the roof, and :
spre3d rapidly throughout thc entire
The iev persons in thc building ;
were with difficulty called to ren-
dei assistance, and when they arrived !
it waa impossible la save the main
room or its contents. The contents
of ihesmail'er library room.compris '
Ling i reat variety of antique works,!
&e , were saved in a somewhat dam-
A messenger (Mr. Baldwin) was
immediately despatched for thetity
fire companies, who had but just re
turned from the fire at the Frank
lin Hotel; but. owing to improbabil
ity of his report, it was not till after
considerable delay that he could pro
cure any aid from them. Theengines
were final' obtained, and carried by
tlu-. firemen into the rotundo, and
upon the eastern portico, ifrom
which positions they propelled wa
ter to the roof over the Library, and
thus extinguished the flames.
The Librarv occupied that portion
of the building immediately within
the western portico, and was so iso
hted from thereat of the building as
to involve but little injury to other
portions. The adjacent committee
rooms, with thefr papers, arc, how
ever, somewhat damaged
VThat extent of loss has been
.sustained. We arc at this moment un
able to conjecture; but fifty or six
ty thoiand is probably the number
of volumes, & many of them were of
rare worth; while the value of lhe
works ot art, the collections of an
cient coins; medals, and other curi
osities c, cannot be approached in
The marble KuVlV of Jefferson, La
fayette, T3y,ry$,c ; the portraits ol
Washington and J. Q Adams; a
number of;old painting: the files
of the "National Intelligencer"
'c. all are gone. '
Later. Wo have heard discrirr
i nating persons estimate the ValiJ0
of the books that can be replaced-.
2250,000, and the damage . to th
edifice at about 320,000.
Wheeler's History of N
uarotinu. ve are indebted 0 Uv
Agent for a copy of this much Ui
ed of book. Of course every JOj"
inNorlh Carolina and out 0! it u.i
have the book. It ic a . '
11 ,s a curious
book, very. It contains a Utt!c ,
every thing and a good dealcf
many things relating j0 Norl
Carol ini all about her history, am
something about her oreat me dcad
and living, ami told in a way u,at
no body but Col. Wheeler eoulj
toll it in. Such r mass of .informa.
tion never was piled into any one"
If you haven't got the bunk, r0
and get it forthwith:. It wouid takc
a small fortune to buy our copy jf
we couldn't get another.
Murder. The Fayetteville 0b-
r .1 . 1
server 01 lMe lfcUi ,nst- siys: -.Ve
,edrn that on Saturday last a num.
ber of persons in the neighborhood
j ty, became engaged ma quarrel
;nn afTray with the men belong
to n circus company, and that on
1 r Uj"'
' mounded by the circ,!g
men - e have not heard the names.
Ncsc Circus.riots and murders are
becoming very common. Thev ran
be avoided by staying away 'from
the circus and having nothing to t'o
with the Circus men."
'by His Honor Judge Battle. In the
charged with actual participation ir
tne muruer 01 ivniton iathi?,
Sampson co., on Saturday last, to
hail in trre sum of five hundicd dol
Ultll till WLiKULL HI t: V ( il I HV
. , ' 1 . .
on Friday, the 19inst., (to morrow
ai 12 oclock Mr K. II. Gram be
the-came their security on both bonds.'
v . , .
Important from the JRw Grand
- A Ne v Orleans paper of Dec. 24,
js.ivs: We have later advices fiom
Kio Grande. Brownsville papers,
of the 3d inst., state that Gen. Car
vrj-rd attacked . lhe Mexican General
Jarequi, who had fortified himself
strongly at Cerilvo, and, after h ud
fighting for two days, succeeded in
taking nearly lhe whole town and
driving the Mexicans into their for.-
tified house, where they are com
pletely pent up. The Mexicans lost
all their provisions and ammunition.
Carvcjal had 10 killed, including
Lieut ftraham and Oapt". Ch ul, (so
written by the telegraph,) also Capt.
Wheat was ecrercly-woiinded. Tiie
Mexican loss was verv severe, and
included all the Seminole Indians &
At the latest da'tes from Carvejd
ht was about to attack the Mexican
in their position, and, if suese.siuu
will probably enterMontt-rey with
Handsome Donation Wm.
Smead, Kq of Cincinnati, thc ban
ker, has made a handsome dpnaiion
of five thousand dollars as a Christ
mas offering to the widows and or
phans of Cincinati. This is a hand
some and deserving Christmas p' c
cnt, which will be fully 'apprccia
and applauded by the unfortunate
nindfall for a bkdtcr.ySh"
James Miller, wba has. worked as a
journeyman hatter, for the last ten
years, in CincnAati, a few days a
go-received notice frara Washington
city that the sum of $63,000 vva& a
waiting his.orders at the capita), he
being heir loan old Mexican indena
nily claim, to tlat amount,- which
had recently been allowed by the