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STATICS fC HT HER0N3
They Arc ,oir !-t L-y the Smithsonian
E.'ijht iiurJn 1 a.g-'.t rons are wan
dering free ahi -i. thx Jnlted States,
each wearing on oi a lag an aluminum
band inscribed "Sraithsohian Institu
tion" and a nuTOper^ If any person
shoots one of these birds he should
write to Par.I Barjtschj biologist of the
Smithsonian, telling where il was and
how large war the bird. The night
heron is one 01 the irost beautiful
.of the aquatic birds ol \merica, but
scientists know less about it than they
are .satisfied with. Last year Mr.
Bartsch discovered several breeding
places of these birds on the Potomac
in the District of Columbia. Recently
he visited the place with several as
sistants in the night and the 800
aluminum bands were fastened to the
legs of as many young herons. Science
is anxious to know how long the night
heron lives, where it spends the win
ters and how much of the country it
covers in its wanderings. It is be
lieved that by the time a few of the
numbered aluminum bands have been
reported some of these facts will hava
been established to the satisfaction of
the ornithologists. Cleveland (O)
THE RAINFALL IN ENGLAND.
Cyclonic Disturbances Had Little Ma
Fortunately for the south of Eng
land the cyclonic disturbances, which
this year have been more than usually
numerous, have kept i'alrly regularly
to their normal track, sayB the Lon
don Chronicle. This course has tak
en them across Ireland and Scotland,
and as a result the rainfall account i
in these two countries is now much
ahead of the average. Scotland north
nas had an excess of nearly ten inches
the surplusage in the west and east
being nine and five inches, respective
ly. Ireland has beaten the average by
between five and six inches. The
south of England has had but a trifle
more than its usual allowance the
eastern counties, on the other hand,
being nearly an inch short.
Advancement of Women.
At a meeting of the English Wom
en's Liberal association a loiter was
road in which the daughter of George
Meredith, the novelist, said: "My
father, George Meredith, wishes me to
say that it heartens him to see women
banded together in union. What na
ture originally decreed men are but
beginning to seethat they are fitted
for most of the avenues open to en
ergy, and by their entering upon ac
t?ve life they will no longer be open
to the accusation men so frequently
bring against them of their being nar
row and craven. Much more he could
say, but he has short time at his com
A Good Place to Stop.
He really ought not to have gone
Into the Latin class that day. He was
called up first, and read as far as he
had prepared. Then he skirmished on
a little farther. This is the way it
went: "I, Ulysses, saw her (Dido's)
heavenly form advancing like a god
dess in the sunlight. I sprang to
ward her, and she welcomed me. Her
hair fell down upon her shoulders like
the sunbeams on Olympus. Her eyes
shone like two jewels of the sea. II
threw my armsmy armsabout
about herher neckneckandand
that's as far as I gdt, professor."
The Butcher and His Hat.
"I always thought it paid to, be po
lite until I got into this business," re
marked a prosperous retail butcher,
"but I find that it cost? me about $25
a year. My trade is with nice people,
and when fashionable women come
into the shop I have to tip my hat to
them. A butcher's fingers are always
more or less greasy from handling the
meat, and in about a month a new hat
i3 no longer lit to wear. Grease is
about the only thing that won't come
out of a derby, and 1 will be the hat
ter's best customer until the weather
grows warm and I will $e able to go
Production of Nitrate of Soda.
__ The annual report of the Nitrate
Association of Chile, which controls
the world's supply of nitrate of soda,
shows the production In.1902 to have
been 2,982,522.80. pounds from sev
enty-eight works. The nitrate beds
are near the surface and are worked
as stone quarries. It is anticipated
that the immense amount of nitrate
the United States now gets from
Chile for use in fertilizers will ulti
mately be supplied by factories mak
ing it by electrical process from the
air, as is being done at Niagara Falls.
Etiquette of the Feud.
"There's just one thing, sah," ob
serbed Col. Gore of Kentucky, "in
which we are away behind Turkey."
"What's that?" Col. Bullet asked,
quickly. "Well, sah, after a general
killin' the porte a.lways sends a polite
note of apology to the survivors of
the massacre. If we could only end
our feuds in that way, sah "But
we can't, sah," exclaimed Col. Bullet,
excitedly, "for the simple reason, sah,
that when one of our feuds ends no
body's left, sah, to apologize to!"
The World's Rarest Bird.
To find the rarest bird in existence
you must go to the mountains between
Anam and Loas, where there is a cer
tain kind of pheasant. For many
years its existence was known only
by the fact thai its longest and most
splendid plume was in much request
by mandarins for their headgear. A
single skin Is worth $50o, and the
bird living would be priceless, for It
soon dim In captivity.
Several Important Points That Must
To teach a child with success re
quires only common sense, good judg
ment and gentleness. There are, how
ever, three other important points that
must ever be foremost in the mind
of the teacher.
First of all, she must remember that
to teach is to impart instruction not
to find fault with ignorance, with lack
of comprehension, with listlessness or
with forgetfulness. Often, indeed, for
these last named faults, poor teaching
is to blame. Second, there is the
inflexible rule that requires a teacher
to prepare every lesson carefully be
fore giving it, in order to present it
in an interesting and intelligible way.
Third, there is the ever present dan
ger of overdoing, against which the
teacher must always be on guard.
In the beginning short lessons fre
quently varied give the best results.
Ten or fifteen minutes for each study
is enough, and this time limit must
not be overstepped so long as to
morrow represents another day.The
VITALITY OF BURNS' FAME.
It le One of the Great Facts of Our
"The inqueBt" on Robert Burns was
concluded long ago, but from time to
time the findings are reviewed by crit
ical writers, as in a recent symposium,
says Collier's. A curious result thus
chances. From every such inquisition
the poet emerges the more radiant and
triumphalthe. critics are lost the
splendor they have evoked. It Is one
thing to make literature it is another
and quite different thing to write about
literature and the makers thereof. This
Is a truism, and yet the distinction is
often confused, especially by the writ
ers of criticism. Burns has survived
several generations of critics, many
of whom made a vain bid for remem
brance by their praise or dispraise of
him. The vitality of his fame is one
of the great facts of our literature.
Just an Incident In Georgia.
Mr. Bud Spinks was awakened the
other morning by a Strang, grunting
noise in his room, which proved to be
the voice of a medium-sized alligator
that was warming Itself by the smol
dering ashes of his fireplace and inci
dentally trying to swallow his boots,
which be had placed there to dry, and
which he had bought on the install
ment plan and had only made one pay
ment on them. The 3aiiTian had suc
ceeded in swallowing one boot and
had the other downclear to the
fitrapsj which Mr. Spinks seized and
pulled it out. The 'gator is now on
exhibition at Minche's^rug store, but
will soon be slain in order that Mr.
Spinks, who is going around with one
boot and one slipper, may recover the
other boot.Adams Enterprise.
The Roentgen Rays Failed.
Hearing of the efficacy of the i
Roentgen rays for the removal of i
hairs from the upper lip a lady in
Hanover, age thirty-five, applied to
Dr. Karl Bruno Schurmayer, a prop-1
erly qualified doctor and Roentgen
ray specialist, for treatment. ""y
is progressing. The treaty recently
concluded between King Menelek and,j
Eerber-Suakin railroad via Kassala
(costing some $15,000,000) And the
subsequent extension of the Kassala
line southward to Lake Rudolph,
where eventually it will form a junc
tion with the Uganda railway, at the
same time marking a long step toward
the realization of 4the Cape-to-Cairo
This Lunch Was a Success.
A lady in Budapest recently gave a i
charitable lunch party to the poor of
her district. She placed no limit on
the number of invitations, and the re
Eult was that 3,000 people arrived, all
eager for the treat. Eventually tho
police had to draw their sabers to keep I
order among the revelers. There were
ik) two opinions about the success ol
tho function. The guests to a man
declared the? had never assisted in so
intense and exciting a lunch before in
their lives. They were quite cut up I
when the time came to go.
Different After Five Years.
William Glackins, who admires
Whistler, cited the otlier day two let
ters written by a collector of etchings
to a certain print seller. Between the
letters there was an interval of five
years. The first said: "I do not want
etchings by Whistler. They impress
me as if flies that had fallen in an ink
well had walked on old paper." The
second letter said: "Send me every
etching by Whistler the price of which
is not ruinous."Philadelphia Record.
At the close of the third act the
gifted tragedian was called before the
curtain. "My friends," he said, ap
parently much astonished and embar
ratisec:, "your kindness overwhelms
me. I have striven conscientiously to
win your approval, but I was not pre
pared for so magnificent a welcome
and in the suprise of the moment I
find myself utterlyI hesitate for
want of a suitable word "Ratsi*
shouted a gallery hoodlum.
THE TRAINING OF A CHILD. ROYALTY AT THE RECEPTION
operated twice, but instead of remov
ing the superfluous hairs the opera-1
(ion resulted in the skin of the face
becoming red and the lips swollen.
The lady thereupon brought an
action against the doctor and was
awarded $60 damages, against whicn
he appealed, but the decision ha3
just been upheld.
The Development of Africa.
In Ethiopia and the Soudan, the Painting theiDome of the Capitol,
work of development and exploitation I
Wearisome Duties Imposed on Those
in High Position.
How royalty and their suites ever
manage to survive those weary hours
of standing is always a mystary to me,
says "The Countess," in the London
Outlook. "You get used to it in
time," say the maids of honor, but ap!
parently not till they have been car
ried out two or three times in a faint
do the gentlemen-at-arms tightly but
tonrd up in uniforms and smothered in
helmets got used to the ordeal.
It is within the memory of many
how in Dublin a certain distinguished
viceroy In the middle of a'drawing
room gave the order to cVo3e the
doors, and having cleared the room the
entire viceregal party sat down on
the floor in various stages of collapse,
and I often wonder how it is that our
own king and queen are not similarly
overcome on these occasions. Royal
ty is the best paid profession, but as
suredly, it must be also the most
THE JOKE OF A KING.
Historic Hoax Perpetrated by Gusta
vus III. of Sweden.
King Gustavus III. of Sweden had
been frequently hivited to the little
court of Schwerin. In 1783 he paid a
visit to Germany and as soon as the
Duchess of Mecklenburg heard of his
approach she prepared fetes in his
honor. But Gustavus, who disdained
the petty courts of the small rulers,
sent two of his attendantsa page
named Peyron and Desvouges, a valet
who had formerly been an actorto be
entertained by the duchess. The two
personated the king and his minister,
Baron Sparre, and sustained the char
acters throughout. They accepted a9
their' due all the homage meant for
their master, danced with the Mecklen
burg ladies who were presented to
them, and Peyron went so far as to
ask one of the ladies for her portrait.
Meantime Gustavus was enjoying him
self elsewhere in secret.
Overlooked a Detail.
A Long Island farmer, came to
Brooklyn with his wife to do some
shopping the other day. On his wayIt
back the thought came to him that he
had forgotten something. He took
out his notebook and went over each
item, checking it off, and saw that he
had made all the purchases he intend
ed. As he drove on he could not put
aside the feeling that there was some
thing missing. He again took out his
notebook and rechecked every item,
but still found no mistake. He did
this several times, but could not
himself of the idea that he must have
forgotten something. When he
reached home and drove up to the
house his daughter came Out to meet
him, and, with a look of surprise,
asked: "Why, papa, where is moth
er?"Mail and Express.
The Long-Suffering Editor.
A Queensland contemporary re
cently published the following: "Ourj
foreman printer* recently measured
up the space occupied by obituary
notices in the Herald during the last
couple of months or so, and found it
made three and three-quarters yards.
This is so much dead loss to the pa
per, and if a fatal epidemic struck
the town ruin would stare us in the
face. We have, therefore, decided to
future to charge for such notices. So,
when people feel like dying, we hope
they will give directions to their next
of kin in respect of payinag for the,
ein S painted.d Every
the British government probably^allons of whitel are used in the
means the early construction of the B
renewe and 15,00 0
eighteen men, under the direction of
"Billy" Lewis and "Al" Ports. The
latter bas been employed for such
work about the capitol for thirty-nine
years. Ports is the only man whofeet
ever climbed to the top of the Statue
of Liberty surmounting the dome. He
did this on Labor day, 1894, and fas
tened a garland of electric light bulbs
around the neck of her majesty.
Congo Road for Motor Cars.
The Congo Free State government
is enstructing a road in the northern
part of the state for the transport of
passengers and goods by means of
motor cars. The new route, of which
nearly 450 miles have been completeu,
will join the important trading centers
of Dongu and Lado. While making
the road a local engineer hit upon the
happy idea of driving forty elephants
up and down the projected highway
until the thick undergrowth was
trampled down, allowing the natives to
complete the task.
No Royal Road.
St. Clair McKclway believes that
the journalism of the future will be a
profession and that men will be espe
daily educated for it. They are and
always have been. Did that important
and valuable member of the profes
sion never hear of "the hard school of
journalism?" There is no other, and
never will be, worth a pinch of snuff,
In our humble estimation. The uni-ing
versity of experience is the one which
gives the real degrees In journaJism.
Was Always Running,
The Duke of Argyll tells this story
of V."in -ton Churchill, which shows
that the talent for talk developed
ycuns in the author and member of
parliament Some years ago he visit
ed Harrow, and noticing a hoy run
ning around the cricket field all by
himself asked what he was doing It
for. "That's Lord Randolph Church
ill'? son, and whenever he talks too
much we make him run three times
round the cricket field-"
TO GET RID OF RATS.
Writer Recommends .Dipping the Ver
min in Varnish.
All tradesmen being liable to the
incursions and depredations of rats,
it may not be out of place to mention
a method of getting rid of these pests
which is recommended by a corres
pondent of the Birmingham Daily
Post. This consists in thinning down
'with petroleum-ordinary slow-drying
tar varnish such as bedstead makers
I and japanners use and pouring the
mixture into the runs of the rats.
The vermin are said to loathe the
smell of the stuff, and will do any-
thing to get clear of it. A still more
effective plan is said to be to catch a
rat alive, dip it up to the neck in the
varnish and turn it loose. Its fe^
lows will flee from it as from the
de'il. The dipping process is said to
be harmless to the rat. But some
ironmongers may not care to "dip a
i live rat up to its neck."
A GOOD PLACE TO BE "AT."
Incongruity of Surroundings in a Wild
One of the strangest sights I ever
saw in a wild country was a little min
ister garbed in solemn black, white
"dog" collar, buttonless vest and stiff
black straw hat. The dominie was
standing in a leaky boat in the midst
of a primeval woods, fishing the boil
ing waters of a mountain torrent. At
his back a cataract roared and
pounded the rocks, churning Ihe water
to white suds above him the eternal
snow glistened on the mountains, and
but a few yards away a gaunt cinna
mon bear was quietly nosing among
the driftwood.Dan Beard in the
Here's a New "Drink" Cure.
A novel remedy for the "drink hab
it"or, rather, for enabling those
who have "sworn off" to remain
"on the water cart"consists of ice
water drunk through a raw potato.
Take a howl of ice water and a pota
to. Peel the potato and cut down one
end of it until it can be easily insert
ed in the mouth. Dip the potato in
the ice water and suck it every time
a craving for strong drink comes on.
is claimed that this treatment will
effect an absolute cure. The why and
the wherefore are not stated, but the'.
process is F^ch a simple one that
there can be no harm in trying it if
any. one is afflicted with a thirst
which they really and truly desire to
To Cut Record Diamond.
In Amsterdam a syndicate has been
formed which will bear the great ex
pense and risk attending the cutting
of what is the largest known diamond,
the Excelsior. The Excelsior was
i found at the Jagersfontein diamond
mines of South Africa in 1893. It has
i the size of a hen's egg and weighs in
its present raw state 970 carats, which
is nearly twice as much as the Kohi
ncor weighed before it was reduced
to its present size. Specially con
structed machinery has to be em
ployed for cutting the Excelsior and
grea* care is used in insuring its safe
i ty from theft.
Luncheon a Decided Success.
A lady in Buda-Pesth recently gave
a charitable luncheon party to the
i poor of her district. She placed no
limit on the number of invitations,
i and the result was that 3,000 people
arrived, all eager for the treat.
I Eventually the police had to draw
their sabers to keep order among the
revelers. There were no two opin
ions about the success of the func
tion. The guests to a man declared
that they had never assisted at so in
tense and exciting a luncheon before
in their lives. They were quite cut
up when the time came to go.
Remarkable Sea Monster.
A remarkable sea monster was re
cently caught in Port Fairy bay by
some fiishermen. It measured nine
six inches in length, had a tail
like that of a screw tail-shaft, no
teeth, a nose like a rhinoceros, a head
like an elephant, two dorsal fins, four
side fins and two steering fins. The
skin was black and very soft. The
most experienced fishermen say theE.
specimen is altogether new to them.
They cannot .hazard a guess as to the
species. The fish has been sent on to
the Melbourne museum.
Corean a College Graduate.
Roanoke college at Salem, Va.,
,vhich has had more foreign students
than any other college in the soutli,
will this year graduate the second
Corean to take the degree of bachelor
of arts anywhere in the world, the
first being Kin Beung Surb, who re
ceived his A. B. at Roanoke in 1898
and his A. M. at Princeton in 1899.
Kinsic Kimm, who will be graduated
this year, is so good a speaker that
he won a prize in declamation several
From Immense Wealth to Poverty.
George Kettler, an aged cobbler
who died recently in Argentine, Kan.,
at one time was worth $12,UO0,0O0.
Kettler was of German birth, and dur
the Franco-Prussian war operated
a large shoe factory in Hanover.
Profitable army contracts swelled his
fortune to the figure named, but he
lost everything in speculation. Then
he came to this country penniless to
begin life anew. Woman's Logic.
As one phase of life this is interest
Ing. A woman was overheard to re
mark to her companion: "Yes, she
was terribly sore about that day she
lost $45 on the races." "What did
she do it for?" asked the man. "Why,
she must have some fun she works so
hard all the rest of the tiaae."
HE HAS CURED THiiVSAKDS
GIVEN" TO DIE
Next regular professional visit to
BEMIDJI, faoNDAY, NOV. 2
from a. in. until 3:3 0 p. lo
ut the Hotel Markliaui.
Returning every month Consult him while
the opportunity is at hund
DR."REA has on superior in diagnosing and
I treating diseases and deformities. He will
give$50 for any ease that he cannot tell the
disease and where located in rive minutes.
All curabie medical and surgical diseases.
i acute and chronic catarrh, and Special Dis
i eases of the Eve. Ear. Nose and Throat, Lung
disease. Early consumption, Bronchitis.Bron
i chiul catarrh." constitutional catarrh,
tutiona catarrh dyspepsia sick headache-eonsti
i stomach and bowel troubles, rheumatism
neuralgia, sciatica. Blight's disease, diabetes.
kidney liver, TMci'fier -pxo^ta tte-tssd female
i diseases, dizziness,
nervousness,windigestion,ihgrowt obesity intenupte nutrition, slo
i children, and all wasting disease in adults.
Many cases of deafness, ringing in the ears,
loss'of eyesight, cataract, cross eyes, etc.,
that have tieeniroraropeiiy treated orneglecte
can be easily restored.... Deformities, club feet,
'curvature of the spine, disease of the brain,
/paralysis, epilepsy, heart disease, dropsy,
swell-'ni of the limbs, stricture, open sores,
pain in the bones, granular enlargements and
i all long-starfclint! diseases properly created.
A LL POINTS
AND ON THE
TIME TABLE LOCAL TRAINS
No. 40...Park Rapid* Line. .7:10a.m.
14. ..Duluth Express. ..12:27 p.m.
26 12:34 a.m.
13 FosstOD Liu'O.v. .3:-2fi p.m.
'25 3:12 a.m.
39...Park Rapid: Line..7:17
FULL INFORMATION FROM
E. CHAMBERLAIN. Agent,
Bern id ii. IV inn
From now on through
the winter season there
is no place so comfort
ably warm and. attract
ive as California, The
rates are low. Until
November 30 only
Through tourist car
service every Tuesday
morning from St. Paul
and Minneapolis. The
berth rate is S6. Route
is via the
Milwaukee St. Paul II
AXD THE SANTA FE ROUTE
For additional information write to
W DIXON, N W A
3G.5 Robert Street, ST. PAUL
A. M. BAGLEY
SUCCESSOR TO J. J. JINKINSON
and Good Horses
New and Second Hand
Carriages For Sale
CHARLE S H. BABBITT
Washington, D. C.
933 MASS. AVE. N. W
Attorney in Land Cases.
All kinds of business before the U. S.
17 years in LT.
men and all who suffer fro los manhood
'nervous debility, spermatoirhoea. seminal
(losses, sexual deeav, failin memory,
weak, eyes stunted development,g lack of energy
marriage: als blood and skin byphil
I lis, eruptions, hair falling, bone pains, swel
lings, sore throat, ulcers, effects of mercury,
kidney and bladder troubles, weak back, burn
ing urine, passing -urine too often. Gonorrhea,
gleet, stricture, receive searching treatment,
prompt relief arid cure for life.
FISTULA and PIL.BS,
Varicocele and enlarged, glands with the sub
mutaneousinjectiou method, absolutely with
out pain and without the loss of a drop of
blood, is one of his own discoveries, and is the
cost really scientific and certainly sure cure
of the nineteenth century. No incurable
cases taker., Consultation to" those interested
Ifl .HO- CK. EEA & CO.
Minneapolis. Winn. Louisville. Ky.
S. General Laud
Office. 9 years in actual practice.
Hon. Knute Nelson, U. S. Senate.
Hon. Moses E. Olapp, U. S. Senate.
HOD.H. Steenersot\, Crookston, Minn.
Hon. John Lind, SSjjauejjjpblis, Minr^.
Hon. J. Adam Bede, Pine
St. Louis and
Are conveniently and comfort
ably reached our two trains
The Liriiifed, leaving
Minneapolis at 7:25, St.
Paul 8:00 pLjoi. daily,
arrives in Sti^Louis the
inent and staBBprd
Sleepers acl ReclfratPff
The Scenic Express, l&gjnng
kj Minneapolis at 7:30, St.^Kaul
8:05 a. m., except Sundayf|ar
rives in St. Louis early next
morning. Sleeping Cars froirK
Rock Island south,
This is the most direct route
from Minneapolis aatl St. Paul
to Clinton, DavQipport, Rock Is
land, and all Mississippi river
cities. Close connections with
lines South. Southeast and
Southwest in St. Louis Union
ASX YOUR HOME AGENT TO
MAKE YOURJTICKET READ
BY THIS LINE
In Connection with the
Provides the best train service be
tween Blackduck, Bemidji, Walker
and intermediate points and Minne
apolis, St. Paul, Fargo and Duluth
and all points east, west and south.
Through coaches between Northome
and the Twin Cities. No change
of cars. Ample time at Brainerd
Effective Oct. 1st, 1902.
0Bilyex. STATIONS Dailvex.
a. in. Lv Northome Arp.m V.Z?-'
6:5.") a. m.Ar.Hovpv Juni'tion.. Lv. p.m. 7:05
80p. m. Lv.
$:r p. m. Ar.
1:05 p. m. Lv..
4:37 5:20 Ar.-
5:50 Ar.- St. Paui
1:10 p. to. Lv Brainerd
4:38 West Superior.
4:55 Ar Dtilnth....
1:25 p. m. Lv Brsinerd
(5:00 Ar Fargo...
W. H. GEMMFXL, G. A.
.Ar. p.m. ?:50
-Lv. p. m. 7:15
.Tlovty Junet ion.
7:10 a. m. Lv..
10:46 11.05 12:05 a. m.A
N. P. RV.
A IS: 50
Lv p. m.3:0O
Ar. m. 1:05
a. m. 11:05
.Lv. a. ra. 8:40
Ar. p. 12:35
Lv. a. in 11 :49
8:40 Lv. a.
Ar. p. m. 12 45