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RUSSIA'S GREAT DRINK REFORM
If the manufacture, sale and consumption
of whiskey and all "hard" liquor were sud
denly stopped in the United Statesif the
country's 2300 distilleries were put out of
business by a stroke of the pen and the gov
ernment's income ofr 1163,879,342 yearly
from this source absolutely cut offwe
should have a condition of things approxi
mately resembling that brought about in
Russia by the abolition of the vodka traffic.
Yet even this parallel does not fully repre
sent the revolution in Russia's drinking
habits whereby 150,000,000 persons are af
fected at an annual cost to the government
-of 1500,000,000 in revenue.
Doubtless no more heroic reform measure
was ever introduced by any government.
It has remained for the absolute monarchy
whose name is synonymous with oppres
sion, but which yet anticipated our own
free nation in liberating the serf, to give
force to what is altogether the most remark
able temperance movement in the world's
^ully as remarkable as the reform itself
is the agency by which it was accomplished.
jtflt is mainly to the personal efforts of a
man of peasant birth, a house painter by
trade and now a millionaire humanitarian,
Michael Dimitrovich Tchelisheff, that
Russia is relieved of the" "curse of vodka."*
As village councillor, mayor, mem
ber of the duma and at last
by personal appeals to the czar, he has
steadfastly fought for the great end he has,
now acheived. The "history of reform
ruKomckriio nwra romantic career than that
of the man who almost single-handed and
alone has converted one of the modern
world's greatest peoples to temperance.
New York World.
ABOUT BURIAL GROUNDS.
A few years ago a law was enacted author
izing the sale of Huron Place cemetery, an
ancient Wyandotte burying ground in the
business center of Kansas City, Kansas,
the ashes of the dead to be removed to the
village of Quindaro, where other Indians
vere interred. Miss Margaret McDaniel, a
descendant of the Wyandottes, having a
small amount of Indian blood, together with
her sister, put up such a splendid tight in
court and Congress as well as at Huron
Place that the law was repealed, the tribe
still owns the burying ground and the dust
those buried remains undisturbed.
Now some Chippewas of Wisconsin and
Minnesota are in arms against a proposal
to remove the remains of their forefathers
from Wisconsin Point, Superior, to make
room for a commercial project. In this case
it appears that the Indians have no title to
the land, and consequently no case.
The Indians weie in the past and still
are too careless about locating burial places.
In every reservation there should be set
apart cemeteries, the titles made secure and
all dead should be there buried. There are
too many little private graveyards on land
that in a few years will pass into the hands
of strangers who will allow effacement or,
worse, desecration.- This is an important
matter and should receive the interested at
tention of those engaged in work on the
CROSS LAKE NE1IYS
PRICES OF LUMBER AT AGENCT SAW MXW.
Lap Siding $18.00
Ship Lap 20.00
Boyinff (Rough) 16.00
Boxing (S 1 S) 18.00
Boxing (S 2 S) 20.00
Dimension (Rough) 16.00
Dimension (Sized) $18 to 20.00
Finish No. 1, for casings, etc 24.00
Lengths over 18' extra
Above lunmber good grade No 3 and better.
]r Damsel, Field Dentist of the Indian
service, completed his work at Cross Lake,
the 16th. He left on that date, Mr. God
dard coming after him in the car.
Oliver L. Breckner made a business trip
to Bemidji recently.
Several Cross Lake Indians went to Ball
Club on a visit a Aveek or so ago. They
have not yet returned.
Miss Thomas, matron of the Red Lake
School, was a visitor at Cross Lake Christ
The school rendered a program and had a
Christmas tree, Christmas eve.
Clarence McArthur returned from his
.claim in the Rapid River country, the 24th.
Miss Ona Moore of Detroit, Minnesota,
is here at present visiting her sister.
Mrs. Lariver is on the sick list at present
The Indians are now delivering hay and
wood at the school.
Mr. Dupris, Farmer, got his team into
a crack in the ice, the 29th. We were
afraid for a time that he would not be able
to get them out.
The school children are at home at pres
ent for the holidays.
Mr. Dupris and Mr. McArthur are haul
ing school freight from E*edby quite regul
Dr. Linton made a business trip recently
to Red Lake.
The Farmers' Club held another meeting
at the school Saturday night.
Miss Moore made a business trip to Be
midji the 21st.
B. L. FAIRBANKS
LICENSED INDIAN TRADERS
Dry Goo&a, Groceries, Boots and Skoes,'Clotting and Farm Produce.
Bring in your garJen and farm products, furs,
etc. We handle everything.
Dry Goods Shoes Groceries
Saddlery Hardware and
BATTLE RIVER, MINN.
Finest Staple and Fancy Groceries, Dry
Goods, Clothing, Shoes and Hats.^
United States Postal and Indian
Fund Depository I
We Will Welcome Your Banking Business
and Shall Be Pleased to Have You
Call on Us forInformation
of Bemidji, Minn.
Capital and Surplus