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Itf IXDIAX EbCViTIOX A FAILURE.'
The conditions to which most Indian
students return are hard, far harder than
the average Easterner can realize. Many
of the reservations are long distances from
railroads, so that supplies are hard to get
as well as expensive, while in places water
is a real luxury. The standards of the com
munity must also he taken into considera
tion, and in all too many localities the white
people living near are not of a type to prove
either helpful or elevating. With all these
difficulties, and many, many more, we ex
pect far more of the Indian than we would
of a white student who had enjoyed equal
advantages. A white hoy who has been in
school until he is perhaps twenty, and in
that time has had to master, in addition to
the usual studies, a new language, and ac
cept an entirely strange system of living', is
not expected to raise the standards of his
home community to any very great extent.
The Indian is. He must not only have ac
quired a trade and be able to do skillful
work, but be must speak English well
enough to act as interperter, understand the
Bible, and teach in Sunday school, as well as
be prepared to advise in the councils of his
people regarding various phases of their
legal standing and land questions. And
when he is unable 1o till all these require
ments we hear that Indian education is a
^fiT7iV~f-^lftV7tff#r/ )i TT hi tviuuii.
Long about this time of year the Cali
fornia" veal estate advertisements are almost
irresistable to us Minnesota Eskimos.
Another weather record broken in North
evn Minnesota Rain in Fehvuavy.
The Buieks. Hups, Chalmers and Stude
bakers, also Fords, are hibernating for the
Wm. Cook 1ms completed his contract for
harvesting ice for the Chippewa trading- Co.
Over ten thousand dollars worth of pro
pevtv has been sold to Red Lake Indians un
der the reimbursable agreement plan to
Wm. L. Thomas returned to the agency
last Thursday from a visit to Moose Lake,
Mumps, severe colds, grippe, etc., are very
-much in evidence of late and no one is better
able to testifv to this fact than Dr. Culp,
who has been kept busy answering sick calls
from all points of the compass.
A number of prospective bidders on the
new hospital for R^d Lake have been recent
visitors at the Agency.
Andrew Loud, five venrs of aae and son
of Edith Loud, died on Febrnarv 5th.
Contracts for th^ deliverv of cord wood
)t the school have be*m completed since the
-Kf fust bv Ben TTobo'). John English,
Amos Xelson Xah-zhe-knv-we-gah-bow, Joe
M**on and Wm Jonrdain
Als Jos Omen and Mi Frank "Rrun,
of the T^arm Stntion. were business callers
at the A^mcv Office last week.
Louis G. Smith and wife transacted busi
ness with the agency last Saturday and
Thos. J. Mason and Mrs. Fannie Statelv
T)f Redbv were eallevs at the agency on Feb
ruary 8th, when they made final settlement
RE LAK E NEWS
fov the construction of Mrs. Stateley's new
house by the former.
The agency blacksmith shop has been one
of the busiest places about the agency for
the past month. Mr. Caswell has accom
plished the shoeing of an average of two
teams per day for some time past and, in
addition, has done a great deal of iron and
wood work in repairing sleighs, wagons,
etc. If all blacksmith work done for the In
dians at the agencv shop was paid for at
usual rates charged at outside shops, they
would be some $250 to ^00 poorer each
month. As it is, the quality of work turned
out at the agency shop is of a very much bet
ter grade than is usually done at outside
shops and the cost to the tribe for materials
and salary of the blacksmith is very reason
able to say the least. The same may be said
of the blacksmith shop at Cross Lake. For
this reason, it should be appreciated by the
Indians that the tribal funds utilized for
maintenance of these shops is money well
spent and if they would but avail them
selves of the many other similar advantages
provided by the Government, the benefits
and savings to be derived therefrom would
show as great returns on the money spent
as in the foregoing illustration pertaining
to blacksmith work.
Died February 14,1915, Isabelle Pren
tice, 3 years old, daughter of Mrs. Frank
Pi entice, aun Henry Lti*sier, years uhl,
son of Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Lussier.
Who knows Mary L. Shaw? Supt.
Howard of White Earth Agency has a check
for this woman who is a Chippewa Indian
and was once married to Bernard Shaw of
Rosebud Sioux Reservation, South Dakota.
Anyone knowing the location and identity
of this woman will confer a favor by advis
ing the Agency office.
There are several checks for fair
piemiums awarded at the last Indian Fair
still undelivered and which may be obtained
by the persons* named calling or sending
for same at the Agency office, viz :Ke way
din ke zhig oke, Ah wun ah cum ig oke,
Mary mah yah we gab bow, Quay nah be
ke zhig oke, O gub ay ke zhig oke, and Kah
ke gay quay. Tom Johnson also has
checks fov wages at the sawmill and any
one knowing his present A\hereabouts will
please ad\ise him.
The following Indians of the Leech Lake
Agen.'-y who are residents of Red Lake Re
servation will be pleased to know that
checks for them are awaiting delivery at the
Agenc\ office: Kali kah cuu, or Quay kah ne
mud, wife of Joseph Joiivdain of Zo-zaince
disli quay cum ig quay or Mrs. Selain
Hart and Mah je ge zhig.
We igre to learn of the expulsion from
the Carlisle Indian School of J. Geo. Little
deer of the Red Lake Reservation.
According to advice received from Supt.
House of tlie Rapid City School, S. I).,
Clarence McArthur reported for duty there
on the l()th inst., having been transferred
from his former post of duty at the Cross
Lake school, Ponemah, to Rapid City as
Industrial Teacher at an increase in salary.
Mr. M. J. Salzman writes from Ravalli,
Mont., that he is in charge of a mercantile
establishment at that point and enjoying
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, FEBRUARY 15, 1915. NUMBER 11
much milder temperature than we are hav
ing at Red Lake.
Chief I een je gwon abe came in to he
Agency on the 15th from his home down the
river from the Outlet, "rations" being the
In a letter received from A. A. Breuninger
from Shawano, Wis., he states that he is
doing fine so far and that he may have
charge of a $25,000 theater which is being
According to the Onigum Exponent,
Samuel Hart has resigned his position of
school night watchman at Leech Lake.
John Andrew Barret, 3 year old son of
Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Barrett, died at the
home of his parents on Clearwater River
on February 15th.
Dr. Damsel, Field Dentist, who finished
dental work at our schools just before the
Holidays, is now at Leech Lake School and
will go down to White Earth soon.
Frank Carl arrived at the Agency today
from Clearwater River and reports some
very deep snow drifts encountered between
Clearwater and Little Rock. It required
from 6 A. M. to 2 to drive Jhe 19
A pitiful instance of the obstinance of
some of the older generation of Indians in
the matter of refusing to send their children
away to the non reservation Government
schools has come to light recently. In the
case we have in mind, a widowed mother of
two children of about 17 and 18 years of
age was so opposed to her childrens' enroll
ment at a nonreservation school that she
absolutely refused to give her consent to
their going away. The older child, being 18
years old, signed an application for such en
rollment himself and enrolled in one of the
(Continued on Page Four.)
The introduction of intoxicating liquors
into this reservation or its sale to non
citizen Indians is forbidden by law under
a penalty of imprisonment for not less
than sixty days.
See Act of January 30, 1897 (29 State
L, 506 ____^
The city hall and jail at Detroit, Minne
sota, were burned some time ago, and on
January fourth the city council held a meet
ing for the purpose of considering whether
or not to build a new city jail. The city
marshal was present and hearing certain ex
pressions from members of the council spoke
up and said that he did not think it made
any difference whether Detroit had a jail
or not as he had not made an arrest since the
saloons went out.
The saloons of Detroit were closed on
November 30th in accordance with the pro
visions of the Chippewa Indian Treaty of
The International Fall, Minnesota, Press
says: It is only a month since the Bemidji
saloons were closed, yet several reports have
have already come from merchants there to
the effect that they are well pleased with the
results such as the settlement of old ac
counts of their customres, a very much lar
ger business and also the fact that purchases
are being paid for by check, which indicates
that people are getting bank accounts who
probably never enjoyed: that Iirxnr.r betorer