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RE LAKE NEWS
A newspaper devoted to the interests of
the Red Lake Chippewa Indians.
Semi-monthly, Sept. 1st to July 15.
Subscription 75c a year
Entered as second class matter September
1,1912, at the postoffice at Red Lake, Minn.,
under the act of March 3, 1879.
Address all communications to
RED LAKE SEWS,
Red Lake, Minn.
THE RED MAN IS NOT A TANNED
By Arthur C. Parker, Archeologist and
Ethnologist, University State of New York.
The Red Man of America is not a Mon
golian according- to the Indian Commis
sioner, Hon. Cato Sells. Judge Sells is
correct and several of the school books
historians are wrong, foolishly wrong.
native Americans, American
Indi ins, in Ameiica thousands of years be
fore there were such races as the Chinese
M)r- Tartars, Maiichus or Turanians.
When the first Americans entered this
'eontenent in remote geologic times there
were no distant races. All the individual
of primitive humanity were of the same
human sto,ck,plain primitive human be
As branches split oft' from the parent
stock and become isolated in the various
geographical amis races of humanity com
menced to form. Food, climate, habits and
-jjeismcnh all conspired to mould the vari
That the American Indian is not a Mon
golian is.common knowledge to every an
thropologist. Any similarity that the In
dian has to the Chinaman, for example, is
merelv a superficial similarity. Ever\ ar
gument presented by ill-informed theorists
falls hen the truth is brought agaiust it.
The idea of such similarity originated in
an odd ^ay with Cuvier who divided the
human family into three grand divisions.
Happy thought was this to Cuvier who sep
arated the black race1
from others because
it was vegative,it tilled itsstomachandjust
lived the yellow race was bony and sinewy,
and was active, while the white race was
brainy, and sensitive. The Indians and
Malays being left outside were shoveled over
into the sinewy and bony race and dubbed
Now it seems idle for the writer, who pro
fessionally is an anthropologist, to repeat
the well known arguments aiminst the al
ledged Mongolian affinities of the American
race. However, to catalogue them we shall
first say that there is no evidence in the
language. "Oh yes, there is," says some
one. "So-and-so says there is." Hut, we
still answer that no student of languages
"kmvwi to the world of science has found
one single thread of evidence showing simi
larity. The languistic systems of the
American tribes are far different in urani
umv and word compounding from the Mon
golian. So great authority on Ural-Al
taic languages. Dr. Heinrich Wink
ler, positively denies any similarity. Ameri
can Indian mythology and material culture
are not Mongoloid in any respect.
Some insistant theorists may point out
the color of the skin, the eye and the color
of the hair in confirmation of his views,
fcut the Indian's skin, whatever its varied
hues may be, whether flesh, copper or cin
namon is not Mongolian yellow. The black
hair of the Red Man is not Mongolian be
cause it differs in shape, as a cross-section
shows under the microscope. Viewed in re
fleeted light Indian hair shows an underly
ing tint of red-brown the Mongolian, a
blue black. In a few instances an arrested
development of the eyelid causes the "slant-
eye," seized upon as evidence of Mon
golian affinity. Any surgeon will find this
to be spicanthus and can remove the dis
figurement by a simple operation. This
deformity of the muscles of the eyebrows is
not frequent in the white race.
An analysis of the formation of the skuil
and of the facial index shows no evidence
that the American Indian is Mongolian.
There have been theories that the Indians
were the lost Welch colonists, that they were
shipwrecked Japanese and even the Ten
Lost Tribes. Science has proven beyond
question the foolishness of these theories,
and any text book used in school or college
that repeats these errors is now relegated
to the heap of out of date books.
Great Universities, such as Pennsylvania,
Berkley, Yale, Harvard, Chicago and Colum
bia, have special courses in American an
thropology. They maintain immense mu
seums of archeology and ethnology and
have upon their teaching staff scores of men
who have made a life study of these ques
tions concerning the American race. No
ethnologist known to the writer believes
that the Indian is a sort of acclimated
Chinaman or a descendent of the Mongols
of Asia, but he may believe, and likely does,
that the Indian descended from the same
parent stock that produced the Mongol,
and for that matter the Caucassian and
Those who persist in asserting the Mon
golian affinity of the Indian should study
modern books upon the subject or confer
with men who are specialists in the science
of human development.
Xo, the Indian is not one of the Ten Lost
Tribes, his skull, his language and his
character is not that of the Caucassian
Semetic peoples. The American Indian is
not a Mongolian of any branch of the Yellow
race. The American Indian is the aborig
inal American and in his various divisions
constitutes what is known to scientists as
the American Race, the most widely dis
tributed race in the world. As such it in
habited two continents, which is to say the
entire new world of the western Jiemisphre.
RED fAKE HClfOOL JTEUH.
We aie all sorry to see Mrs. E. E. Stevens
leave. But hope-' she will be as successful
at Cross Lake as she has been here.
The office force were the chief partici
pants in the fire drill held at the school last
The girls in the sewing room have begun
making the new spring uniforms.
Mr.'Budrow has been transfered to Cross
Lake as disciplinarian.
Mr. J. Hanson is acting as School farmer
Mrs. F.'Bealieu left for Cass Lake on
The essays on "Alcohol" have been sent
in. Some very good papers were written by
the children in the 5th and Oth grades.
ASHLEY TS RECAPTURED.
New York City,"Feb. 28.A telegram
from Miami. Fla., says that United States
Special Officer Thomas E. Brents has again
captured John A. Ashley, a notorious mur-
derer, near that place. A few years ago
Ashlev murdered a Seminole Indian in
order'to Vob him of his supply of furs. The W
state officials were unable to capture the
outlaw and Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Cato Sells was appealed to.
Sells detailed special officers on the job.
Brents trailed the outlaw through the Ever
glades for several weeks and finally captur
ed him and turned him over to the local
authorities. Before his trial Ashley made
his escape and reached the swamps.
Officer Brents, assisted by two Indian
scouts and Special Commissioner Spencer,
again took up the case and again captured
the fugitive. Brents is regarded as one of
the best liquor suppression officers in the
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CLUB ROO IN CONNECTION
Come Around for a Good Time and
Get Your Money's Worth
A. D. STEPHENS
Capital $25,000.00 Surplus $5,000.00
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY FOR
Individual Funds of RED LAKE Indians
5 PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON TIME
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Red Lake, Minn,
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