Newspaper Page Text
OXIOX CL LTl RE.
Onions, if given the proper care will prove
to be a profitable crop to raise. Howevei
if one makes a success in raising a crop, lie
can only do so by working in the field every
day the onions are growing.
Onions may be raised on any good rich
soil. If the land is too sandy the crop is
very apt to become too dry for best results.
The soil should be rich, fine and free from
-weeds and any strawy manure or any other
litter that would interfere with close culti
vation. Too much stiess cannot be put on
having the land free from weeds, since it is
a crop that lequiie* a _reat deal of hand
weeding, and the plants are very delicate
when young. The soil should be rather firm
and plowed in the fall rather than in the
spring. Fall plowing lea\es the soil firm
and in excellent condition for the crop
Generally better results may be obtained
from spiing harrowing than from spring
plowing. A light coat of manure may be
spread on and then Han-owed with a disk
harrow and dragged several times in -order
to break up all the lumps of dirt and make
rhe soil as fine as possible. The earlier tlu_
ground can be worked the better because
this will not only get the soil in better shape
for the onions to grow, Imt will kill the
Old land is genera-Hy preferred for on"**
and this crop is often raised successfully
on the same land for several years, provided
proper caie is given it, because onion land
is always carefully attended to and gets a
great deal of manure and cultivation it is
in better condition for onions than land used
for any other crop. However it is a good
plan to change from one piece of land to
another occasionally because there is less
danger from diseases and insects.
Before sowing the seed, the land should
be made very smooth. It is very important
to get the seed in the soil as early in the
spring as possible. This should be done as
soon as the land can be worked in the spring
and not later than June. 1st. The seeds
should be sown in straight rows and 18 in
ches apart and covered about one inch deep.
From 6 to 10 seeds should be sown to each
foot, this Avill require about pounds to the
acre. It.is of importance to know the
germination qualities of the seeds, for seeds
with a low germination require more seeds
to be sown.
It is best to have a good stand, but ^\hen
onions are too thick they will not do well.
The work of thinning onions on a large scale
is a very expensive operation and one should
plant his seed so this will be avoided as
much as possible.
As soon as the plants begin to break the
surface soil, cultivation should be commenc
ed with a land cultivator that will work both
sides of the row at the same tiine and throw
a little .dirt from the plants, hand weeding
should follow at once, being x^ry careful not
to pull up the onion plants. The second
cultivation may be done a little deeper be
cause the plants are stronger, also work the
soil very (dose to the plants. Onions natur
ally grow in the surface of the soil and not
lielow it, and should never be hilled up. The
onions should he cultivated as often as the
Wilful Waste Makes Woeful Want, SaOe Your Money
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, APRIL 15, 1915.
weeds appeal* or when ever the* ground
packs hard around the growing plants.
Weeds should be destroyed when very
small so as not to disturb the roots of the
onion plants, this will mean at least once
in every two weeks. After the onions have
grown so tall that they will not pass under
the straddle cultivator the work of cultivat
ing between the rows should be continued,
because when the tops are broken off the
onions tend to dry up. 'When the onions are
a Hon1 one inch in diameter and the soil not
very rich it is a good plan to sprinkle hen
manure over the ground. This should be
done just before a rain.
If the plants are going to make good
onions, J:hey will become weak in the neck
just above the bulb when nearly grown and
fall fiat on the ground where they should
be allowed to lie undesturbed until the tops
and roots are entirely dry, then the bulbs
can easily be pulled out with a garden rake
or onion puller. About four rows should
be pulled and thrown together and turned
over every few days until perfectly dry, and
then be put under cover to protect them
from rain. Onions will start to grow again
if they are not pulled when ripe.
It is better to pull the tops off when pull
ing because this allows a free circulation in
the onions and they dry out quicker.
Onions are best stored in crates or barrels,
with holes bored tl_? sides and the head,
knocked out and placed in a dry, cool cellar.
For the market crop, the Red and Yellow
Globe varities have proven the best sellers.
The market also demands that onions be
graded and crated or sacked.
The following special dispatch from Be
midji, Minn., to the Duluth, Minn., News
Tribune, indicates the results of the inforce
menl of the provisions of the Indian Treaty
of 1855 prohibiting the liquor traffic in that
section of Minnesota:
According to police records, the number
of arrests in saloon less Bemidji since the
first of the year is less than one-seventh of
the number made the year before when Be
midji had saloons. The total number of
arrests from Jan. 7 to March 27 of last year
was 115, while the total from Jan. 1 of this
vear to date is 15.
Bemidji, Minn., April 2nd. Acting with
orders from Cato Sells, Commissioner of In
dian Affairs, Government Agents, directed
by Henry A. Larson, Chief Special Officer
for the Suppression of the Liquor Traffic
among the Indians, seized the Bemidji
Brewery and emptied great vats containing
seven car loads of beer into the streets. The
beer, valued at forty-five hundred dollars,
flowed down the gutters and into the lake.
Men in rubber boots waded in beer one foot
deep on the Brewery floors, while policemen
kept the crowds back.
The beer was confiscated because of the
failure of the Brewery company to comply
with the Chippewa Treaty of 1855 as re
cently .construed by the Supreme Court of
the United States.Ncics Tribune, Duluth,
The introduction of intoxicating liquors*
into this reservation or its sale to non- *fZ
citizen Indians is forbidden by law under
a penalty of imprisonment for not less
than sixty days ^Mi
See Act of January 30, 1897 (29 State
RED LAKE SOFTOOL ITEMS
Mr. Louis Sharette is now acting
The farm boys are now busy getting their
fields in good shape for plowing.
Mr. Frank Gurneau has been appointed
as Laborer which position was left vacant
by John Hanson.
The school pupils gave a splendid pro-*
gram on Easter Sunday evening. The fea
ture of the evening's entertainment was the
"Pontomime of Abide With Me."
The school children and the employees,
have enjoyed the show in town the past'
Miss Boobar and Miss Hoffman took a*u
nice breezy walk across the lake last week,
but were glad to ride back home the next
The school has organized a first and sec
ond base ball team.
The carpenter boys are busy taking off
the storm windows and putting in screen
*W4^y^4^^-fwv-^-_44'ha^^fe to -school,
Bear Chief," said the Indian Agent, "and
let him get an education." "No use re
plied Bear Chief, "you can no polish bricks.
All the time you heap rub, rub, rub, and by
an by brick he all gone." "True you can't put
a fifteen hundred dollar education on a
fifteen cent boy, but why not give him a
chance, Bear Chief? He may have more
grit in him than you suspect. Perhaps he
is more than a fifteen cent bov after all.**
THE RED MAN.
A GENCY YEWS ITEMS.
The Little Rock Farmers' have been very
busy lately clearing land. On the following
dates and places they met and cleared from
one to three acres. The women did their
share in serving plenty to eat.
March _.4th John Johnston, March 27th
Keniew, March 29th Bazil Maxwell, April
1st Wm. Prentice, April 4th Chas. Ward,
April 6th Peter Graves, April 8th Joe BOY
er, April 12th Simon Spears, April 14th
Guy Stand, April 15th Jacob Fairbanks and
April 17th Wah-bish-ke-gwon-ay-aush.
A council will be held at the Club House
on Monday April 19th relative to farming.
Moses Ward recently lost a valuable colt.
The colt attempted to turn ai*ound in the
stall and broke his neck.
John Spears and Andrew Carl bought
some pure bred Rhode Island Reds from
Solomon Desjarlait is building ,a new
House west of town.
Several horses were bought during pay
ment. Some who bought are Wm. Prentice,
Chas. Fineday, George Chase and Robert
Many of the f__t_ners are busy fertilizing
their fields and ^cleaning up their barn