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RED LAKE NEWS
A newspaper devoted to the interests of
the Red Lake Chippewa Indians.
Semi-monthly, Sept. 1st to July 15.
Subscription 75c a year
Entered as second class matter September
1,1912, at the postotfice at Red Lake, Minn.,
under the act of March 3, 1879.
Address all communications to
RED LAKE NEWS,
Red Lake, Minn.
RIVERSIDE PUBLIC LIBRARY
River sidej Calif arriia.
JOSEPH F. DANIELS
28 August, 1915.
The Honorable Cato Sells,
U. S. Commissioner of Indian Affiars,
Washington, D. C.
You will recollect probably that during
your recent visit to the Mission Inn, I
promised to write you my impressions of the
people who work in the Indian Service,
especially the teachers.
It has been my good fortune to be inti
mately associated with the public school
system as a teacher, institute lecturer, and
as a member of councils, boards and com
mittees, during the past twenty odd years.
When I was asked to give a series of lec
tures before the conference of employees of
the Indian Service I expected to find an un
graded group of rather indefinite workers
without and professional solidarity and
lacking a definite purpose. I was astonish
ed at the very first meeting to find a full
attendance, while several of the great na
tional conventions in San Francisco at about
the same time, had merely a handful when
the meeting was called to order.
I have never had an audience so respon
sive, so eager to follow the lecturer's sub
ject matter, and I have never seen any pro
fessional body show greater interest in their
I do not speak of my own work alone, but
what I say applies to the work of all the
lecturers and speakers who appeared be
fore the conference of the employees of the
Indian Service at San Francisco in August
In my mind there seems to be less of di
gression and uncertainty, and fewer of the
in consequent and time wasting theories of
education, which are intermittently applied
throughout the public school system. These
people in your service have a very definite
understanding of their work, their direc
tion is plain, they are in earnest and be
lieve in the work.
I took greater pleasure in my work at that
conference than any similar work I have
ever done. I enjoyed the audiences, and I
enjoyed the conversations before and after
sessions, with those who are at work in the
service, both the Indians and the whites.
The atendances at the conference did me
more good really, I do believe, than I could
possibly bring to them. I finished my work
-at the conference with an abiding faith that
the problem of the education of the Indian
^ives greater promise of solution than any
other educational problem that I know.
These teachers of yours do not waste any
time in pretending to know something that
they do not know. They are quick and anx
ious to know things they ought to know
they have reduced their problem to its simp
lest terms, and they have the refreshing be
lief that educational values and practical
values are identical.
/Undoubtedly, a great measure of the suc
cess of the conference was due to the skil
ful management of Mr. H. B. Peairs. His
knowledge of Indian school affairs and his
cominonsense handling of a conference pro
gram were the things in my mind which
made the conference a great success.
While other conventions and gatherings
lost most of their audiences to the counter
attractions of the Panama-Pacific Exposi
tion, your workers turned out to every ses
sion in full force, and had provided for
them special times and days for exposition
You should be proud of those people who
represented the service at that conference
in San Francisco. They did you great cred
it and I could not hold back the thought that
the National Educational Association which
was to meet the following week in Oakland
would certainly not show the enthusiasm
and devotion to the work that was shown
by your people.
Very truly yours,
JOSEPH F. DANIELS,
WHY WE CULTIVATE.
(Continued from first page.)
many fields to become weedy. Weeds re
duce the fertility of the soil and lower the
yield and quality. Weeds thrive under poor
cultivation and can best be gotten out of a
field that is all weeds by sowing it to clover
or alfalfa and then pasturing.
After the plants gain in size and strength,
the cultivator may be allowed to throw a
slight amount of earth around the plants.
This will serve as an earth mulch, and may
smother many small weeds. "Hilling the
plants is objectionable," it gives no direct
benefit, and is very apt to do considerable
We should cultivate often in the early
part of the growing season. Weeds should
be destroyed while they are still small, and
the crust of the surface soil broken up fine.
Kains should be followed up by cultivation,
as soon as the soil will permit, some soils
cannot be cultivated too soon after a rain.
The physical condition of the soil must be
so that the soil will break up fine.
Late cultivation should be practical in
order to have the best yields, this helps re
tain the moisture and weep the weeds down.
H. C. M.
MINNESOTA INDIANS' EXHIBIT AT
(Continued from first page).
Eunice H. Albertson, formerly nurse and
matron at Chiiocco School, Oklahoma, about
twenty years ago, was among the visitors,
having served under Supt. Hartley, Dr.
Perkins being in charge of the school hospi
tal there at that time.
The exhibit was arranged in two classes.
The work of the pupils from the class rooms
and various industrial departments, the
products of individual gardens and farms,
with grains, etc., from various Indian con
tributors were placed together. All bead
work, Indian curios, etc., were placed in an
other, all arranged in an artistic manner.
The exhibit was certainly of educational
value and may be marked as another pro
gressive step by the Honorable Commis-
sioner of Indian Affairs towards placing
the Indian people in their proper sphere
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Red Lake, Minn,
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We Are Membeis of the Red Lake Tribe of Indians
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Capital $25,000.00 Surplus $5,000.00
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5 PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON TIME
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