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OREGON SHIP BUILDING CALLS FOR LABOR
Thousands of Men at High Wages Can Find
The secretary of the State Editorial Association
of -Portland, Oregon, informs us that Oregon's ef
fort to do her part in the building of steel and
wooden ships for the war is seriously crippled
through lack of labor.
Latest authentic information gathered points
to the necessity of employing at once nearly 12,-
000 men in the shipbuilding business Portland,
and between two and three thousand iat the yards
With contracts already let and certain to be
i' placed in the near future, it is stated by the ship
builders that from 20,000 to 25,000 men should be
employed by th-e close of this year, or early next
year. The work is on hand to give ths employ
ment and the demand for ships is growing greater
The development of an industry of this magni
tude so suddenly has result-ed in drawing practic
ally all of the available men within immediate
reach, and already the shipbuilders of the state are
urging laborers from all parts of the West to take
positions in their plants.
Appeals are coming from national officials and
all the leading business men of the East for all
seaboard states to concentrate their supreme ener
gies upon the program of building ships. This
is declared to be the greatest duty confronting the
nation today and on every hand it is admitted
fraKKJYi ^sjiyeJ^^UmisJ^c ^tatements^made of
the position of ie allied forces, that unless ships
are built by America at a pace absolutely beyond
the present program the effectiveness of the United
States in the European War will be largely re
duced. Germany is counting implicitly upon de
stroying more ships than are built to prevent Am
erica from participating extensively in the war.
The submarine program is making more rapid
progress than the shipbuilding program. For
these reasons the federal government is putting the
building of ships as the primary patriotic duty of
the people of the country, and urging every person
who can aid in the work to take it up with as much
reverence and as much sense of duty as if they
were enlisting in the army.
America's food, munitions, arms and men can
not reach Europe without an adequate supply of
ships. Best authorities declare these should be
built of steel and wood as rapidly as the forces of
the country can be marshalled for the work.
In the emergency every man who has any mech
anical or artisan skill whatev-er is being adapted to
some part of ship construction, wherever he desires
to work. It has been necessary to teach labor to
do classes of work it has never undertaken before.
All the facilities for such instruction are being pro
vided by the ship yards, the government, and state,
and men are having an opportunity to take up lines
of employment never presented before at the best
wages that have been known in the Pacific North
west and perhaps the country.
Mr. Blakeslee and family left in their Case
car early on the morning of August 13th for Win
nebago, Nebraska, where they will spend a three
weeks' vacation visiting friends and relatives.
Anton Doehle, Curtis A. Smith, Stanley John
son and William Hashbarger were required to ap
pear before the Beltrami county draft board at
Bemidji for physical examination. All passed the
physical test with the exception of Mr. Hashbar
ger. As Mr. Doehle has a wife and two children
his claim for exemption was allowed. It now
seems quite likely that Mr. Smith and Mr. John
son will be the only ones locally who will be call-
DEFECT I VE PAGE
RE LAK E NEWS
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, SEPTEMBER 1, 1917.
THE POTATO COMES BACK
Huge Crop cf Tubers Restores American Diet to
Its Old Basis.
Washington, D. C.The huge potato crop which
the Federal forecast indicates will be produced in
the United States this year means that this im
portant food staple will be cheaper, and makes ic
possible, says the United States Department of Ag
riculture, for American families that had to cut
down on potato consumption because of high prices
to restore the tuber to a prominent place on their
bill of fare.
The Department forecast, based on reliable esti
mates from all parts of the country, places the
total potato yield at more than 467,000,000 bush
els as compared with 285,000,000 in 1916 and 360,-
000,000 in 1915. Potatoes of the current season
are already in the market in large quantities, and,
since the early harvested tubers can not be kept
easily, should be eaten more abundantly now if
spoilage is to be avoided.
Next to the breadstuffs, potatoes are the most
important food crop of the western nations, the
Department points out. They are all the more
important now that the world's wheat supply is
short, since they furnish starch, the principal food
element contributed by bread, and so may be sub
stituted in part for bread.
It is no hardship to Americans, says the De
partment, to eat freely of potatoes rather it has
been a hardship to them during the past half year
to forego somewhat the use of this common fooa.
^ea on the first dfafT.'^^Sew^) ^6~TfoT EV to*"
go will probably furnish the lunch baskets.
Mrs. E. R. Biggs, a sister of Mrs. Dickens, and
two children of Childress, Texas, have been visit
ing at the Dickens home during the past month.
Mr. Alex McDougal has resigned from his posi
tion as assistant clerk at the Red Lake Agency.
Mrs. Dickens is filling this postion temporarily.
The Red Lake baseball team journeyed to Foss
ton Sunday, August 26th, and met defeat at the
hands of Fosston's fast nine, the score being nine
to six. As this was the rubber game fans gath
ered from all the neighboring towns. Our team
played unusually poor ball, Fosston scoring six
runs in two innings. Graves and Murray pitched
for Red Lake, Dewey Lyle for Fosston.
Mr. C. A. Smith went to Waubnn and Callaway,
Minnesota, August 22nd and purchased three teams
of mares which were sold to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Omen, Mr. and Mrs. John Hanson and Mr. and
Mrs. Alex Gillespie under reimbursable regula
Supt. Dickens and family left the Agency August
16th in the new Paige and spent a week visiting
with friends at McGregor, Iowa.
The pick-up crew, in charge of Mr. Goddard,
has made several trips to Little Rock and across
the lake to get logs for the sawmill operations.
The sawmill has been running about six weeks,
and has cut an average of 20,000 feet per day. Mr.
Stromberg, of Quiring, is the new sawyer.
Mr. Omar Gravelle was called to the St. An
thony's hospital at Bemidji some time ago, where
he had to undergo another operation. We are
glad to hear that he is convalescing, and hope that
he will be with us before long.
Supt. R. L. Russell, of Toledo, Iowa, has ac
cepted the applications of Jessie Sayers, Mary Big
wolf, Richard Whitefeather, Murphy Sullivan,
Scott Kingbird, Lucy Stillday and Esau Stillday
for enrollment at the Sac & Fox Sanatorium.
The Red Lake Indian Fair will be held this year
on September 17, 18 and 19. The Big Day will
be Tuesday, September 18th, and an unusually
good program is planned for that day.
Minn. Hist Soe*
SEP 14 1917
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Office Commissioner of Indian Affairs
GOOD OLD KING CORN!
This year 3,124,000,000 bushels in the United
States alone. And not one bushel of it to be turn
ed into whisky!
Do you realize what that means? It means
about three quarts of corn apiece every day for
a year for every man, woman and child in the
United States. It means, if we did not use com
extensively for stock fodder, and were deprived
of other food, and exported none, we could liva
for a year even though every other source of grain
supply were cut offand still have a little left for
Dobbin, Bossy and Biddy.
That corn crop forecast is the best news since
the Russians decided not to make a separate peace.
It is a body blow to the Kaiser and a godsend to
We may have less wheat next winter, but who
cares if we have more corn? What is a piece of
pale, tastless bread, anyway, to a slab of rich,
yellow, well-buttered corn "pone?" Why, one
ought to apologize to the "pone" for mentioning
them in the same breath. Corn "pone" properly
made and eaten hot is bread and meat and pota
toes all rolled into one. We used to pity Southern
folks who had nothing but "pone" during the dark
days of the Civil War, but that was before we had
been initiated into the manifold delights of that
delicacy. Now we think they were mighty lucky
Then, too, there are corn cakes and fried mush,
and mush and milk, and scrappel, to say nothing
-^*thejuimeraufiijreaka8t disjies made,.of corn and
that old stand-byhominy in all its varied forms.
Give us corn aplenty and we can do without
wheat. The Indians had no wheat, but they did
have corn, and you may take it from any old school
history you care to consult that the corn-fed In
dians were a pretty good match for the wheat
eating Puritan Fathers. Yea, there were times
when the corn-eaters put it all over the bread and
butter boys in open field fighting.
But, be that as it may, the big corn crop news
is reassuring along many lines. More corn means
more and fatter hogs more hogs mean lower pork
prices. More corn means more chickens and more
eggs. More eggs means lower prices. Corn!
Maize! It is America's great good fortune and
Germany's curse, this corn crop of ours. It is
wealth, and health and happiness. There is no
prettier picture than a field of corn as autumn ap
"When the maize fields grows and ripens,
Till it stands in all its splendor
Of its garments green and yellow,
Of its tassels and its plumage
And the maize ears full and shining
from bursting sheaths of verdure."
Thank God for our corn!
Harrisburg (Pa.) Telegraph.
CROSS LAKE SCHOOL ITEMS
Supt. Dickens and Dr. Holzer were at Cross Lake
about two weeks ago. Dr. Holzer was giving the
tuberculin test to the Cross Lake cattle.
Willie Wing and Joe Graves are working for
the Chippewa and Fairbanks Companies, respec
tively, at Ponemah.
Dr. Neal has been detailed at Red Lake as
Mrs. Mary Graham is filling the position of
Cook temporarily, Miss Mary Smith being trans
ferred to Leech Lake.
Mr. Vesper, engineer at Tomah, succeeded in
getting a number of applications signed for the
enrollment of students in that school.
Alex Everywind is assistant to Mr. Bucklen on
the plumbing job.