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A newspaper devoted to the interests of
the Red Lake Chippewa Indians.
MONTHLY SEPT. 1, TO JULY 15.
75c a year
Entered as second class matter Septem
ber 1, 1912, at the postoffice at Red Lake,
Minn., under the act of March 3, 1879.
Address all communications to
RED LAKE NEWS
Red Lake, Minn.
Early diagnosis plays an important role in suc
cessful prevention, not only does it give the indi
vidual the best chances of cure, but at the same
time it assures the possibility of maximum protec
tion to others. Through the use of tuberculin and
other refinements of clinical methods, it is now
possible to diagnose tuberculosis at a stage when
it was formerly not suspected. It is a great mis
take, from the standpoint of prevention, to wait
until tubercle bacilli appear in the sputum before
making a diagnosis of tuberculosis. Probably many
cases of a "slight run down condition" of transient
and irregular febrile attacks are due to a small
focus of tuberculosis hidden from the ken of the
clinician. In such cases a course of rest, fresh
air and better food, with a change of scene may
often prevent irreparable damage. The establish
ment of preventable clinics to look after such
^^es and the maintenance of medical clinics to
diagnose and care for the early cases are important
adjuncts to preventive measures. Day camps,
night camps, visiting nurses and similar agencies
are all helpful. In addition to the direct benefits,
they teach the patient how to prevent the spread
of the infection, how to sleep out of doors and
its benefits. The prevention of tuberculosis is no
longer a medical problem. The battle against tu
berculosis has been waged with enthusiasm and
the results arc encouraging. Its eradication will,
however, take a long time on account of the chronic
nature of the disease and its widespread preval
ence. We should be satisfied if we diminish -the
amount of tuberculosis appreciably in a generation.
The time will then come when the comparatively
few cases left may be treated by compulsory isola
tion or other aggressive measures. Persistence
along the lines now understood will in time con
trol the disease, which will be the crowning achieve
ment in preventive medicine.
SHOOT THE WORTHLESS DOGS.
Everybody loves a useful, gentlemanly dog. Such
a dog is invaluable. But, one dog eats as much as
a man and more than a sheep. Two dogs will eat
as much as a hog and more than a dozen chickens.
And there are 6,000,000 dogs in the country, one
for eight sheep Sheep furnished wool and mut
ton, hogs make pork, and chickens produce meat
More than 5,000,000 hogs are needed to relieve
the present meat shortage, and many sheep to fur
nish wool and mutton. Eastern hill farms are
ideal for sheep raising, and almost every prairie
farm is adapted for keeping a small farm herd
without much extra expense for buildings or added
use of grain. Yet, this country ships in half of
the wool needed each year.
No single thing has done more to throttle the
sheep nudustry in this country than the curs which
are allowed to run at large. Besides killing and
worrying sheep, they kill poultry and attack cat
tle and carry hog cholera.
Fences will not solve the problem, for that ad
ded expense will keep many farmers who already
have hog tight fences from starting a farm flock.
Keeping the dogs chained at night will not jdo,
for dogs often attack sheep in daytime. Paying
for the animals killed helps some, but it does not
encourage those whose flocks have been destroyed
to start again. A good dog law in every state, en
forced, is the logical solution.
Several states have laws which protect sheep
quite wen, but too often they are not enforced.
Pennsylvania is among the latest to pass a good
dog law which provides for the licensing of all
dogs, the same as automobiles are licensed the
record is kept by the county treasurer. Dogs run
ning at large without tags may be killed and those
with tags may be taken up 'by proper officers.
Owners of stock are allowed to kill dogs found
annoying or killing stock or, failing to do so, the
dogs are killed by justices of the peace when it is
proved which dog or dogs did the damage. Owners
of stock will be paid for damage done by dogs.
Everybody should go the limit in protecting
their stock from dogs. If present dog laws give
ample protection, enforce them if the laws give
only partial protection, make better laws.
The Red Lake Indian Reservation has many
worthless dogs which consume a large amount of
food, and destroy large numbers of stock and poul
try each year. Let us make war on the worth
less dogs on this reservation and replace them
with poultry, sheep, hogs and other stock.
C. A. S.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
Office of Indian Affairs
The spirit displayed by the Indian boys, es
pecially those at Sherman Institute, might well
rouse twinges of conscience in the breasts of young
Riversiders. The manner in which the Indians are
answering the call of the service, particularly in
the navy branch, is indeed gratifying. Two of the
Sherman students have already enlisted through
the recruiting office at 833 Main St., and when the
office was open last fall many others were accepted
J. Juan, one of the bandmen of Sherman, yes
terday was sent to San Diego, after passing suc
cessful examinations here. Young Juan's spirit
is that of illuminating patriotism which any man,
no matter what race, might well emulate. He tried
to enlist last March, but was refused because of de
fective eyesight in one of his eyes. Not to be
balked in his wish to get into the fight for decency
and democracy, however, he went to an oculist in
this city for treatment. An operation was per
formed upon Juan's eyes and it was so successful
that when examined yesterday he passed all tests
without difficulty. He will be a musician upon
one of Uncle Sam's warships.Riverside (Cal.)
INDIAN WOMEN IN THE WAR
By CLAUDIA G. BROKER
Chippewa Indian at Hampston Institute
Indian women are doing their bit to win the
World War for Democracy. The progress among
Indian women has probably not been as rapid as
among those of other races, because they have
lacked proper instruction and because many of
them live in such isolated places.
The first step was to induce Indian women to
buy Liberty bonds. Then volunteers were secured
for training work in the hospitals. Now we hear
of the organization of many Red Cross societies
among Indian women who are making for the sol
dier boys bandages, sheets and hospital garments.
The superintendent of the Thomas Indian
School, Mrs. Lincoln, has successfully organized
Red Cross societies among Indian women on the
Cattaraugus Reservation in New York state. The
GIVE N HARDWAR E CO
On Bay Mare "Beauty," 900 Lbs.
On Bay Gelding, "Bill/' 1,000 Lbs.
GOOD DRIVERS. GOOD CONDITION
Second Hand Harness, Worth ^8-New
Cas Price on Outiit $150
Red Cross members meet every Friday. The mem
bers own their own sewing machines and many
are found carrying on war work by themselves or
with their daughters and neighbors.
Indian women are ready to do all that the Red
Cross wishes them to do for the soldiers and sail
orsto help shorten the war by strengthening
the morals of the men in serviceto lay the foun
dation of an enduring peace by giving relief to
those who suffer. Indian women realize that their
assistance is as valuable as that rendered by women
of other races, and they also are most ready to lend
a helping hand.
Your Entire Requirements
in Building Materials
CAN BE FILLED AT OUR YARD
Lumber, Lath, Shingles,
Sash, Doors, Millwork
Lime, Cement, Plaster,
Drain Tile, Brick
Building Papers and
WE SHIP PROMPTLY
St Hilaire Retail Lbr. Co.
Telephone 100 BEMIDJI, MINN.
Office near Red Lake Depot
L. P. ECKSTRUM
Plumbing, Steam and
Hot Water Heating
Phones 555 and 309
320 Beltrami Ave., Bemidji, Minn.
We extend to you every
facility of sound honking,
THE FARMERS STATE
BANK, Goodridge, Minn.