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TEN THOUSAND LAKES ARE CALLING
By C. J. Byrne
Xay aside your cares and worries,
Close your desk and pack your grip,
For you owe yourself an outing,
A vacation, and a trip
Come and rest your weary body,
Where the laughing waters steal,
Through the shady nooks that lure you,
Come with trusty rod and reel.
Come and learn real joys of fishing
Sporty bass or gamey pike
Take a train that leaves your hometown
You can motor if you like.
Come and hear the wild birds singing,
Joining in the welcome, too
For ten thousand lakes are calling,
They are calling,calling you.
Come and bring the family with you,
Where the cooling breezes creep
Through tha pine trees of the forests,
Gently singing you to sleep
Where the sky-blue waters crimson,
As the sun sets in the west
Come partake of Nature's tonie
In the land of peace and rest.
'Come and breathe the fragrant ozone
Of a piney-wooded land,
In a playground made to order
Oome on up to Minnesota
With your pack-sack and canoe,
For ten thousand lakes are calling,
They are calling,calling you.
THINK IN INTEREST SAVE
THE ABC AND XYZ OF GROWING
By Curtis A. Smith
Nearly everybody grows potatoes no other crop
Is grown more widely. There is just one right
and about 100 wrong ways. The following is con
sidered very good.
Potatoes do best in a loose, well-drained sandy
loam, well provided with humus. A clover sod,
plowed in the fall, makes an ideal field. Owing
to scab and other potato peculiarities, the potato
grower needs to practice a systematic rotation
of crops, and to use commercial fertilizer rather
then stable manure.
Varieties: Each locality has its favorites. Study
your market's requirements, and plant only those
varieties that you can sell.
Selected seed pays well. Medium-sized seed is
best avoid "jumboes" or "littles." Cellar-sprout
ed tubers are not so good for seed as those which
are unsprouted. Tubers sprouted a little in Sun
light just previous to planting are desirable when
extra early crops are wanted.
Treating the seed with formalin insures more
marketable potatoes. To treat the seed, proceed
as follows: Soak the seed for two hours in a so
-lution of one-half pint of formalin (formaldehyde)
in fifteen gallons of water. Then dry and cut
the tubers for seed,
Just how to cut the seed: Leave two strong
eyes on each seed piece, and discard the "seed end"
a cluster of tiny eyes" of each tuber.
An important point is to have the soil in perfect
condition before planting. Use the harrow thor
oughly. Rows for horse cultivation should be two
and one-half feet apart. Drop the seed pieces
fifteen inches apart cover four inches deep.
The rate of planting varies from nine to sixteen
RE LAE E NEW S
"Work is a Splendid tonic for Dissatisfaction"
bushels an acre the average is eleven or twelve.
In Scotland and Ireland potato growers never
plant less than thirty-seVen bushels an acre. This
is because they plant more closely, and use whole
tubers for planting.
There are several good machine potato-planters
now on the market But except on large areas it
is customary to open and close the furrows with
a plow or horse hoe and drop the seed by hand.
A horse planter will pay for itself on six acres.
Several farmers could profitably own one of these
planters, or one man could buy a planter for his
crop and hire it out to do his neighbor's planting.
There are hand planters which do away with
a great deal of bending over to drop the seed
pieces. When the potatoes are several inches
high, a cultivator should be used between the rows.
If the ground is well drained, hilling up is un
necessary although a little soil may be thrown to
ward the rows at the last cutivation, if preferred,
one hand-hoeing during the season is desirable, to
get in between the hills.
Every few weeks the vines should be sprayed
with a mixture of Bordeaux and arsenate of lead.
Spraying should begin when the plants are about
five inches high and should be repeated every two
or three weeks. Three or four applications are
usually necessary. The plants must be entirely
covered with a fine mist in order to do much
good. A spraying machine that developes at least
100 pound's pressure is best. The machine should
'be provided with two nozzles for each row, so
Late blight appears very soon after a rain and
usually during the later part of July or throughout
.August. The Bordeaux mixture should be applied
before rains, as this will protect the plants from
late blight. The copper sulphate in the Bordeaux
mixture forms a disinfecting film over the leaves
and stems, and the lime keeps it from washing
Cultivation should begin soon after the seed is
planted. Go diagonally over the land with a weeder
or a light peg-tooth harrow to break up the soil
crust and to kill any weeds which may start. Go
over the field again within a week, the other way,
diagonally. These early harrowings greatly lessen
the work of keeping the field clean. Some folks
are afraid to harrow a planted field, but it is
wonderful how the little plants seem to dodge
the harrow teeth and come up smiling.
THINK 1\ INTERFST SAVE
FARM STATION NEWS
Andrew Wells has purchased four new farm
horses, and expects to purchase one more, he will
then have a total of eight work horses. He ex
pects to operate two four horse teams this spring,
and do some farming worth talking about.
Jacob Loud, Joe and Alex Jourdain have been
hauling lumber from the agency to the Northwest
All the boys located in the Northwest Angle
are making perparations for extensive farming this
spring. It will be well for others to follow
the example of the boys of the Northwest Angle.
Frank Brun purchased a mare recently to re
place the one he lost last winter.
Joseph Roberts has been busy hauling lumber
from the Agency to his farm.
Chas. L. Dolson is building a barn on his tenative
allotment in the Northwest. Chas. is making his
place look like a farm.
The "Flu" has about disappeared and no one
seems to be sorry to see it go.
(Continued on Page 3)
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, MARCH, 1919 NUMBER 5
The Little Rock Club have been helping its mem
bers out during the "Flu." They recently helped
Stoneman haul logs for a new house, and built
a barn for George Chase.
Peter Sumner has recently joined the Little Rock
club and is preparing to help with their spring
work. They now have ft membership of seventy.
A meeting was held at Little Rock last Satur
day. There was considerable interest in the Po
tato Industry of Red Lake, and getting ready for
spring work. They expect to keep the tractor
busy plowing when it is brought back from the
Father Thomas finished hauling his hay from
Outlet this week.
A number of Fish Houses have been built on
the lake and fishing seems to be good. There
was no market for fish before the state started
to buy fish of the Indians. White fish were selling
for 10c last year, state paid about 40 cents each.
Dr. Merriam, agency physician, who was with
us for the past year left March 10th for the
Blackfeet Reservation, where he was transferred.
Dr. L. L. Culp relieved Dr. Merriam of his
duties here on March 10th. Mrs. Culp came on
March 13th, from White Earth where she has
been helping Dr. Schumaker the past two months.
Corp. Stanley J. Johnson, a former clerk in the
office, made us a visit March 12. Stanley enlisted
March 11th at Camp Dodge. Stanley has asked
to be re-instated in the service.
Wagoner Wm. R. Spears, Jr., a member of the
70th Art, Btry. E, returned from "Over Sea*"
March 12th. A reception was given in honor of
his return on March 13th.
Jacob Loud has been hauling lumber to the
Northwest Angle to construct houses. They claim
they will show the boys how to farm.
George Neadeau is slowly improving after a
siege of Flu and complications.
N. J. Head has been bailing hay for the past
two months at Blackduck.
Paul H. Beaulieu, Sect, of the Chippewa Council,
returned from Washington last week.
Edmond Way ay zoo of Leach Lake has been
visiting relations at Red Lake since his return from
"Over Seas." Julia Beaulieu and Mr. Wak ay zoo
were recently married in Bemidji.
Robert Holstein of White Earth has been visit
ing his brother and sister here. Robert served in
the heavy artillery "Over Seas" and returned in
John Garfield of Devils Lake has been visiting
friends here since he was mustered out of service
with the boys "Over There."
John G. Morrison and wife recently made a trip
to St. Paul, buying spring goods for the Chippewa
Omar R. Gravelle made a business trip to De
troit, Minn., last week.
A farewell reception was given by the Red
Lake-Redby Commercial Club at the Spears ho
tel on Feb. 27 Mr. Dickent was presented with a
-faeautifai-rocking chair as tt -remembrance of his
friends at Red Lake.
We were very sorry to see Mr. and Mrs. Dick
ens and family depart from Red Lake and our
best wish is that they may enjoy their work and
that happiness and prosperity may be with them.
Long John recently made a visit to the agency
to get his rations.
A number of Indians are preparing to make
sugar this spring. We wish them all good luck.