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Vigor, vitality, vim and punch
The courage to act on a sudden hunch
The nerve to tackle the hardest thing,
With feet that climb, and hands that cling,
And a heart that never forgets to sing
Sand and grit in a concrete base
Friendly smile on an honest face
The spirit that helps when another's down,
That knows how to scatter the blackest frown,
That loves its neighbor, and loves its town
To say "I will"for you know you can
To look for the best in every man
To meet each thundering knock-out blow,
And come back with a laugh, because you know
You'll get the best of the whole darned show
Grace G. Bostwick in American Magazine.
GOOD SEED POTATOES FOR MORE
The average production per acre of potatoes in
the United States is very much lower than in Can-
One of the reasons for the lower production in
the United States is that less attention has been
given to the character of the seed. Good seed is
one of the determining factors in the production
of maximum crops of potatoes.
The use of high-grade seed would increase the
returns from the potato crop of the country by
many millions of dollars.
The production of high-grade seed should be
regarded as a special business.
Good strains of seed may be obtained by the
tuber-unit, hill, or mass-selection methods through
the process of roguing out the diseased and weak
When tubers from diseased or weak plants are
planted, a similar harvest will be reaped.
Only seed from productive plants should be used.
Careful attention should be given to securing
seed that is free from varietal mixture and that is.
true to type.
Good seed can not be produced unless the grow
ing plants are given good cultural attention.
As a rule the quantity of seed used is not suffi
cient to produce a maximum crop.
From 15 to 18 bushels of seed should be used per
acre instead of 9 to 11, as at the present time.
All seed stock should be disinfected before
Good storage conditions are essential to insure
sound, firm seed at planting time.
These points are discussed in detail in the United
States Department of Agriculture's Farmers* Bulle
tin 533, "Good Seed Potatoes, and How to Produce
Them,' which was recently revised and will be sent
iree on request
Over 150,000 Americans die annually from tu
berculosis. This is an appalling waste of life when
we consider that tuberculosis is a preventable di
sease. Moreover, because this loss of life occurs
almost entirely in the ranks of the young adult pop
ulation ,health authorities the world over have come
to consider the control of tuberculosis as still the
most pressing health problem confronting them.
linn. Hist Sot'
& 7 W20
RE LAK E NEWS
"Work is a Splendid Tonic for Dissatisfaction"
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, DECEMBER 1919
NEW LAW REGARDING LIVE STOCK
The Indian appropriation bill for the present
fiscal year, approved June 30, 1919, contains the
"That section 2138 of the Revised Statutes of
the United States is hereby amended so as to read
as follows: 'That where restricted Indians are in
possession or control of livestock purchased for or
issued them by the government, or the increase
therefrom, such stock shall not be sold, transferred,
mortgaged, or otherwise disposed of, except with
the consent in writing of the superintendent or
other officer in charge of the tribe to which the
owner or possessor of the livestock belongs, and all
transactions in violation of this provision shall be
void. All such livestock so purchased or issued and
the increase therefrom belonging to restricted In
dians and grazed in the Indian country shall be
branded with the I or reservation brand of the
juriscs ,tion to which the owners of such stock be
long, and shall not be removed from the Indian
country except with the consent in wrting of the
superintendent or other officer in charge of the
stock belongs, or by order of the Secretary of War,
in connection with the movement of troops. Every
person who violates the provisions of this section
by selling or otherwise disposing of such stock, pur
chasing or otherwise acquiring an interest therein,
or by removing such stock from the Indian country,
shall be fined in any sum not more than $1,000, or
imprisoned for not more than six months, or both
such fine and imprisonment.'"
-Be-et^fai-hw^yeHfeuy'n Ifriireattla. and nathes
livestock. This law applies to dealings between
Indians and whites. If you do not want to be stung
by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, be careful.
PUREBRED PAY IN POULTRY
That the value of purebred males counts as much
in poultry raising as in stock raising is shown by
the records of three flocks of Leghorns, the data for
which have been supplied the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture by the North Carolina Experi
ment Station. Flock 1, the egg production of
which is included in these records, consisted of
common hens flock 2 was produced by breeding
these hens to common males flock 3 was produced
by breeding flock 1 to a rooster from a high-produc
ing hen. The following year the original flock laid
89 eggs a hen flock 2 laid an average of 88 eggs
a hen and flock 3 laid an average of 136 eggs a
hen. This increase of 54 per cent in one year tells
very specifically the benefits of using a purebred
male. But the percentages alone do not tell the
whole story, for a big proportion of the increase
came at a sessionMay and Junewhen the pro
duction of flocks 1 and 2 was relatively low and the
prices were good.
WINTER EGG "SECRETS"
"These are the secrets for securing winter eggs:
(1) See that the pullets are comfortably housed
(2) hatch pullets so that they will be old enough
olay eggs 'before' the cold weather comes (3)
use a balanced ration and don't forget to furnish
the pullets with plenty of green food, such as cab
bage, turnips, clover, and the like," said Professor
Miss Winnifred Garlow arrived from New York
December 8th, to take up the duties of Timber
Clerk in the office.
Harold Rearick of Tenstrike, Minn., is assisting
the office force.
All the lumber at the agency sawmill, about
2,000,000 feet, has been sold to Upham and Walsh
of Chicago. 80,000 feet has already been shipped.
There are about 60 men in the Cross Lake Log-
y.^ri^sr- 3 1f%uh*f?$$
ging camp. Logging operations are speeding up.
Nat Head, the foreman, says he will land 2 million
feet in the Lake by March 1st. The logging in the
camp is done mostly by Indians. The logs are to be
delivered in the spring at the Agency sawmill at
Eed Lake and cut into lumber during the summer.
Mrs. Geo. W. Cross and daughter, Rosa, recently
returned from Rochester, Minn.
Several Indians are hauling hay and wood to the
Agency and School.
Miss Eva Caswell, laundress at the Cass Lake
Indian School, spent the holidays with her parents
Rose Lussier was called home from Flandreau on
account of the serious illness of her sister.
Mark L. Burns, superintendent of logging, has
made three trips to the logging camps recently.
Dr. Damsel, Field Dentist of the Service, com
pleted his work at the agency and left for Cass
Lake the first part of December.
Dr. A. T. Robertson has been transferred here
from Chamberlain, S. D. .Mrs. Robertson is acting
as nurse at the hospital.
The Little Rock Club has started to clear the
timber and brush off their land so as to have it
ready to plow and seed in the spring. They plan on
getting their wok done early so that they will be
ready to work on the Outlet Road when work starts
in the spring.
The Little Rock Club is a live club. This club
recently hauled hay for Joe Boxer, a blind Indian.
Alex Gillespie has the contract for putting up ice
for the State Fishery Redby.
Moore recently spent a few days with Mr. and Mrs.
Harry C. Moore. Byron and Edward were recently
mustered out of the overseas service and were on
their way to their home at Wenatchee, Wash.
James Downwind and Bay-gah-maush-eke were
married December 19, 1919, by Rev. Fred Smith.
Roman Head and Gertrude Smith were married
December 31, 1919, by Rev. Thomas Borgerding.
FARM STATION ITEMS
Frank Sayers has been very seriously ill for some
time but is much improved at this writing.
A number of the Indians attended church at the
agency during Christmas.
Andrew Wells of the Northwest Angle paid the
Farm Station a visit a short time ago on his way
home with some pedigreed Black Angus cattle.
Andrew says: "It doesn't pay to deal in scrub
stock," and he certainly believes in pedigreed stock
as even his dog is a pedigreed Collie. Andrew has
the idea that will win for anyone.
Chas. L. Dolson and wife spent a few days at the
Farm Station recently. Charles says you couldn't
drive him away from the Northwest Angle with
a bunch of bull dogs.
William Baldwin and Leo Opsahl located north
of Joseph Robert's farm with a large herd of horses
have lost many of their horses owing to the severe
winter and the stock not being accustomed to this
Joe Mason and John English have been hauling
bay from near the Farm Station to the Agency.
Frank Burn is threshing for the farmers west of
"the reservation -andreports that he may be busy
for some time, as there is much threshing to be
done in that part of the country.
Chas. L. Dolson has been a very successful moose
hunter this winter.
Mrs. Curtis A. Smith has just received a pedi
greed White Wyandotte cockerel from Fort Dover,
Ontario, Canada. This cockerel cost the small sum
of $25. Some bird!
Mr. Isham called at the Farm Station a short time
ago on his way to the Outlet looking for horses for
the logging camp. (Continued on page 2.)