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CT 1 Vl i PAGH
Margaret E. Sangster
Tis splendid to live so grandly
That, long after you are gone,
The things you did are remembered,
And recounted under the sun
To live so bravely and purely
That a nation stops on its way,
And once a year, with banner and drum,
Keeps its thought of your natal day.
'Tis splendid to have a record
So white and free from stain
That's held to the light, it shows no blot
Though tested and tried amain
That age to age forever
Repeats its story of love,
And your birthday lives in a nation's heart,
All other days above.
And this is Washington's glory,
A steadfast heart and true,
Who stood for his country's honor
When his country's days were few,
And now, when its days are many,
And its flag of stars is flung
To the breeze in defiant challenge,
His name is on every tongue.
Yes, it's splendid to live so bravely,
To be so great and strong,
"That your memory is ever a tocsin
To rally the foes of wrong:
To live so proudly and purely
That your people pause in their way, A
And year by year, with banner and drum
Keep the thought of your natal day.
THE PRODUCTION OF GRAIN
By H. C. M.
Wheat and other grains are somewhat sensitive
to the condition in which the previous crop left
the soil. They do not thrive well after a crop of
small grain, but will yield considerable more if
planted after some cultivated crop, as potatoes or
corn, or after a crop of grass, clover or alfalfa.
If the soil is poor the crop will be benefitted
by a direct application of barnyard manure, but
on new or rich soil a direct application should
never be put on. Barnyard manure will give better
results, if applied to a previous cultivated crop,
as corn, or even to a grass crop, in rotation wheat,
oats, barley or other gram receiving the desired
On new and other rich soils, barnyard manure
often over does the small gram crop by causing it
to grow heavy, in the stem, thus lodging and pro
ducing email shrunken grain, though it helps with
out injuring the other crops mentioned which are
grown in rotation with wheat.
A good five-year rotation for grain is first year,
small grain second and third year, meadow and
pasture of grasses and clover seeded the first year
with grain fourth year, small grain fifth year,
corn, applying the manure before the corn crop.
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RE LAK E NEWS
"Work is a Splendid Tonic for Dissatisfaction"
VOLUME VI RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, FEBRUARY, 1920 NUMBER 7
By following some such method of farming
the grass, clover or alfalfa crops help to hold the
nitrogen and organic substance to the soil and will
provide the well compact furrow slice, needed to
cause the small grain plant to stool well and to
thrive throughout its growth.
Flax is less liable to be overfed, while the va-
rieties of oats are liable to lodge, and to be over
done with too much plant food.
It is not fully understood ,why grains do not
yield as well when planted one year after the other
on the same piece of soil, it is known however,
that a specific bacterial disease of flax gets in the
soil and destroys the flax by the disease called
Flax Wilt. It is thought that some of these crops
leave in the soil substances which are poisonous
to the same plants that grow the next year, and
that this is one of the reasons why the yield is
so low, where one of these crops follow itself or
even follow one of the other small grains.
These crops allow weeds to ripen and the furrow
slice to be come full of weed seeds especially if
the stubble is allowed to stand unplowed for weeks
after the grain has been harvested. It is very im
portant that the grain stubble in which no grass
has been sown be disced or plowed shallow once
after the grain has been harvested. This prevents
most of the weeds from ripening, and the land can
be plowed igain later in the fall, or if corn, pota
toes ~oY"oEher"cultivated^crops atexcT~be planted,
plowing may be done in the spring. This plan will
serve to provide for disponing of the barnyard
manure in an effective way.a
Grain crops generally grow good but they want
the plant food near the surface as well as deep
down, they can send their water feeding roots four
or six inches deep, but the richest part of the soil
is in the furrow slice, and that should be in the
best condition for the root to feed in. It is best
to have the furrow slice ^i year old so that the
lower half has had a year in which to become
compact and well knitted together. It is best to
have the upper half of the furrow" slice loose so
that the water may soak in easily when it rains, and
to serve as a dust blanket to retard its waisting by
evaporation from the surface of the ground. Fall
plowed land is therefor better than ^spring plowed
land, corn and potato fields often leave the soil in
good condition for grain.^ This is true of fields
in which the surface has been stirred several times
to the depth of several inches the previous year.
Thus the lower part of the furrow slice is allowed
to become compact, its upper part is become mel
low, and many weed seeds are brought to the
sprouting stage, and a^e at once killed by cultiva
The preparation of the seed bd should be such
as to have it fine and smooth, that the seeds may
be placed at a moderate depth, one"to two inches
for flax and millet, one-half J.a three inches for
grain. Under cool, early, wet conditions, shallow
planting should be done.
As a rule spring wheat stioula be planted as early
as the ground can be worked, oats a little later,
then barley, and still later millet or after corn
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has been planted, while flax, can be planted from
the time that danger of frost is passed until about
the first of June.
The planting should be done in such a manner
that the seeds are planted at a uniform depth in
moist soil, from which they may at once absorb the
necessary moisture to cause germination and to
provide a water contact between the roots and the
soil particles, through which plant food may at
once go from the soil into root and plant.
The disc drill places the seeds in the moist bot
tom of a freshly made furrow and allows the soil
to fall back at once, covering the seeds up. The
fields should be dragged at once to cover up any
seeds that are covered up by the drill. Dense,
moist, cool soil causes the grain to stool well, this
happens when the grain is planted early in the
spring. If the soil is an open drouthy, infertile soil,
warm weather and a short stoolmg season, a larger
amount of seed will be necessary. Poor soil can
not support heavy crops.
As a rule the following amounts of grain should
be planted: Wheat, five to eight pecks oats, two to
three bushels barley, one and three-fourths to two
bushels rye, one and one-half to two bushels
millet, two or three pecks flax, one-half to three
Dragging should be continued until the grain is
up out of the ground, wheat may be dragged after
it is out of the ground about two inchesset the
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RED LAKE PUBLIC SCHOOL ITEMS
of the chickenpox.
We have been making salt, pulp and water color
maps for the state fair.
We have received our major buttons for selling
the Red Cross Christmas Seals.
School had to close for a few days on account
The pupils are making Brownie posters.
Margaret Cook and Priscilla Caswell brought
their cameras to school and took pictures for the
We have made the following maps for the state
fair: North and South America, Minnesota, Europe
and British Isles.
The pupils are playing prisoner's base these days.
The state health contest comes on March 17th.
We wonder if we have any chance to win a penant.
Above items were furnished by Ruth Goddaub,
William Isham, Richard Gravelle, Elva Isham and
Little Verna Mary Beaulieu arrived at the home
of Mrs. Frances Beaulieu on February 18th.
Sophia Bertha Carl came as a Valentine at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Carl on the 14th.
Way ge mah wah be tung died on the 11th of
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