Newspaper Page Text
How Uncle Sam Spends
Your Money in Conduct
ing Your Business
By EDWARD G. LOWRY
Finandml Sjitom.." te. Oootrtboter NHfc-I
ad Rjonomlo ArtieUa to Leadlnc Modfe-la
ad a Writer of Recognised Aathoritr on tt
National Gorammtnt'a Boataaaa _tetho_a.
Copyright, Waatem Nawap-per Union
JUST KEPT GROWING
The origins of these antiquated, cum
bersome, costly, inefficient pieces of the
national machinery that' we call the"
executive departments show how any
establishment If well watered with
government money will expand and
hold together, no matter how conflict
ing, and incongruous its functions.
Hardly one of these great business es
tablishmentsfor that is what they
arewas planned. As they are today
they just happened.
Take the Department of Agriculture,
for example, one of the greatest and
most complex and w'despreading of all
the departments. It is in closer touch
and more directly affects the greatest
number of people in the United States
than any other branch of the govern
ment with (he possible exception of
the post office. It began in 1839 with
an appropriation of $1,000, taken from
the patent funds for the distribu
tion of free seeds and the collection
of agricultural statistics by the patent
office, then a bureau in the State de
partment. Now look at the darned
thing. It is all over the place. vn
The title of the department indicates
its most important field of activities, but
its functions have been extended to in
clude the whole range of rural indus
try and some branches of administra
tion only very indirectly related to
agricultural interests. For about 60
years subsequent to the Revolution the
general interests of agriculture were
left almost entirely to individual initia
tive. Federal activity was confined t*).
relatively narrow limits and was mere
ly sporadic. Soon after the national
government was organized some at
tempts were made to establish aboard
of agriculture but neither the first
proposal in 1796 nor a second effort in
1817 was successful.
Shortly after the Revolution, follow
ing the example of Benjamin Frank
lin while in England, as agent of the
colony of Pennsylvania during the
years 1764 to 1775, American consuls
and naval officers began the practice
of sending home foreign seeds and cut
tings for new crops, and of aiding in
the introduction Into the United States
of new breeds of domestic animals.
Even such small governmental partici
pation was, In the beginning, rather
In 1836 the commissioner of pat
ents, one H. L. Ellsworth, began the
distribution of considerable quantities
of seeds and plants received from gov
ernment representatives in foreign
countries and three years later
through his influence an appropriation
of $1,000 was made for the purpose of
procuring and distributing seeds of
new plants, carrying agricultural In
vestigations and collecting agricultural
statistics. This was the historic be
ginning- of the much-talked-rtbout free
By an act of congress in May, 1862,
s'nce generally called the organic act,
the activities of the government affect
ing agriculture were placed under a
separate and distinct organization
known as the Department of Agricul
ture, in charge of a commissioner of
Agriculture. It did not rank, how
over, with the other executive depart
ments, and the commissioner was not
entitled to a seat in the President's
cabinet. Isaac Newton, chief of the
agricultural section in the patent office,
was appointed the first commissioner
of agriculture. Other officers provided
by the organic act included a statis
tician, a chemist, an entomologist and
a superintendent of the propagating
garden and experimental farm.
The chrysalis was now ready to be
broken. In 1889 the Department of Ag
riculture was elevated to the rank of
the- other executive departments and
its commissioner was made secretary
of agriculture with a seat in the Presi
dent's cabinet, This was In Groyer
Cleveland's administration^ In honor
of its^new rank a few more functions
were taken on.
But that's enough detail.' It kept on
&& growing. Beginning' with an appro
priation of $1,000 and two or three
clerks, the department had, in ,1910,
employees to the number of 12,480, and.
an appropriation of $12,995,036. Five
years later the appropriation had
grown to $19,865,832 and the emJohn
ployees to JJ6,223.U,,The employees in
May, 1920, numbered 18,098 and the
appropriation given by congress for
flscal. year 1921 was $31,475,368.
$f| The department has increased Its!in
cost-of living in 82 years from a mere
$1,000that Is, $83.33 a monthto^
tnore than .$31,000,000 a year$2,622,-
947.38 every month. That shows as
clearly and as sharply as it can be
shown how the high cost of govern
ment living affects your own cost of
We you arid I, paid out of our sav
ings and earnings every red cent of
that increase from, $1,000 a year to more'
than $31,000,000. It may have, been
well spent. W^ j^rofiably got-a run
tor our, money but nohpdy knows, ex
feept inir.gene*kl waVi .We have a
right to know. It Is simply fatheaded
y, fleas' on our part not toflnd out.
LOCAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD
NEWS OF MARSHALL COUNTY
Forrest Oberg, Walter Stark and
Wm. Anderson were to Warren be
tween trains Monday on business.
Mr. and Mrs. K. Hunstad accom
panied \by Henry Iverson, Wm. Zim
merman, Julius Zimmerman and
Douglas Snelling drove to Warren
Saturday via auto. The men werewhich
forced to give the car a lift several
times on the way. Mrs. "Hunstad took
the train to Thief River Falls to visit
her mother in the hospital there.
George Taus and Louis Osterloh
were at Warren between trains Sat
John D. Joseph went to Crookston
Saturday evening where he took the
flyer tor Minneapolis. Mr. Joseph will
visit there with relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. P. Danielson are vis
iting with their daughter, Mrs. Frank
Sewill^T-'^?. tM#'*S- v:*i*tfB^K&i
Mr. and "Mrs. H. R. Clover were at
Warren between trains Saturday.
Mrs. Louis Vavrina left for the hos
pital in Warren last Friday.
Miss Gertrude Osterloh wasealletf
home Thursday on account the ill
ness of her mother.
seems to be somewhat improved at
present and Miss Osterloh was -able
to return to Crookston Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Enix drove to
Boxville Friday where they -were
guests at the banquet .given^ by the
Boxville club. S.'S
Miss Alvilda Anderson arrived here
Saturday evening to remain at
Stroble home during the absence or
Mrs. Stroble. Mrs. Stroble having
been called,to Reserve, Mont., on ac
count of the illness of her sister.
Miss Stella Sandba^attended the
funeral of her .little nephew held at
the Melo church Sunday.
The Misses Porter and Erickson
were entertained at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Louis Osterloh Sunday af
ternoon and evening.
Mrs. Oliver Haugen was a Warren
caller between trains Monday.
George Goodwin went to Crookston
Friday and returned Saturday.
It seems that some one called upon
Mr. Snelling's chicken coop the other
evening but "left before he could -be
The Angel of Death has visited the
home of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar O. Olson
and taken away their darling Arland
Sandbo, at the age of only seven
weeksr Little Arland, who was born
on Jan. 4, had been suffering to some
degree with colic or cramps of
stomach throughout his brief stay
here" but seemed to thrive and be
healthy otherwise until early in
morning of Feb. 22, when he was
suddenly taken ill and died two hours
This" is the second time the angel of
death has called there the past year,
their first child passing away on Mar.
10, last year, when 6 months old.
Funeral services were conducted in
the Melo church on Sunday at 12
o'clock noon and a very impressive
sermon was delivered by Rev. A. T.
Tollevs of Warren. The community
extend their heartfelt sympathy^ to
the bereaved parents.
C. C. Christensenj. E. Arhaug and
P. M. Pederson were among the War
ren visitors on Friday. Vr VyV',"
Elling and Oscar Olson "drove "to
Thief River Falls on Friday attend
ing to business- matters. They re
turned home on Saturday.
Olai Carlson called at the Elling
Olson home on Tuesday evening.
The Farmers Club meeting was not
held last Friday 'and has been post
Sandbo of Angus spent a
days with her sister, Mrs
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Olson-left for
Maple Bay on-Sunday evening where
they "will spend about a week visiting
with friends and relatives.
Clarence and Henry Christopberson
were over-night visitors with Arthur
and Martin Olson last Saturday.*
Mrs. W. Hamriek went to Crook
ston on Friday evening to.see the en-v
tertainment given by the students of
the Northwest School of Agriculture.
Her daughter Marie, a student of that
school, returned home with her on
Saturday to spend a couple days visit
The Tabor orchestra practiced at
John Piger's home Friday evening
Mr. and Mrs. Ed, Dvorek visited" at
Adam Soltis' home Sunday.
John J. Bakalar left for Minneapolis
last week, near where he will start
Mike i_eUnski is visiting at^Andrew
Kmecik, Sr.'s home. -V-iv"".*
Miss Marie Krejci -t visited school
Jast^Friday afternoon.^'' _
Miss Marie Krejci and"George and
Mike Krejci. and James Holly and
and' George Joncik and George
and John Pallya and Slusar's and the
Soltis ^ys and John Kmecik were
entertained "at the John
Mrs. John Zipoyri,Sr.r W M, Visiting
Grand Forks last "week. ,#.C* 4
^Mother's should' see "that the^iwhole
family take a thoro, purifying system
cleansing laxative this Spring. NOW
IS THE yiMB The family .will be
healthier, happier, and, get akflg-fet
ter if the blood is given a thoro puri
fying, the stomach and bowels clean
ed out, and' the germs of .winter ae^
cumulated 1& the system, divenaway,
HOLLISTER'S GOLDEN NUGGET
TABLETSIs one of the very best
and surest spring medicines to take.
Get thenu and see^he
the whole iWin-ly^^OPK^ir c^^
I ROSEWOOD I
C*- Mrs. Eva Carlson At Rest
Mrs, Eva, Christina. Carlson, one of
the early pioneer women of this place,
passed to her- eternal rest at 8 P. M.
on Tuesday, F^eb*. 14, after a two-day
battle with the grim reaper of human
ity, fh the form of pneumonia-pleurisy
s&. in suddenly Sunday,' and
sank-/rts \victi unceasingly until
death. Di-: C. M. Adkins, from Thief
River Falls, arid Miss Foxen, a nurse I
from the Warren-hospital, were in at-'
tendance:-: Mrs. Carlson, whoseymaid
en name'was Eva Kristma Erickson,.
was born at Lafas, Nya Kopparberg,
Sweden, on January 23, 1851,v
she passed her early life. On May
24, 1877, she was united in marriage
to John F. Carlson whose death oc
cured about four years ago*. In the
year 1880 the Carlsons emigrated to
America, making their home for ^the
first three years at Ishpeming, Mich.,
and in July, 1883, came to Town of
Norden, where .they filed their present
homestead- and were residents,, there
until two years ago when Mrs. Carl
son after the death of her husband
leased her farm and removed -to Rose
wood which has since-been her home.
To mourn are nine children?"- Mrs.
Chas. Davis of Saginaw, Minn. Mrs.
Hans Norwick of Seattle, Wash., HeK
mer Carlson of Devils Lake, N. D.,
Mrs. Peter Sjromberg, Mrs. Helmer
Ostrom and Henry Carlson of Thief
River Falls, and Mrs. Jghn Sagmoen,
Howard and Herbert Carlson of Rose
wood, and four brothers, Fredrick dtnd
Erickson of Oregon, Chas.
Erickson of Two Harbors and Lars
Erickson of Thief River Falls. Mrs.
Carlson was a kind hearted and noble
woman. and enjoyed undisputable re
spect among all who knew her and
leaves mourning a large number of
warm friends. All the children were
present at the funeral, -s^?^^,^
The funeral was held"* ironV the
Swedish Mission church last Monday
afternoon, and with upwards of one
hundred persons present. A repre
sentative from the Larson undertak
ing parlors at Thief River Falls was
present and had charge of the ar
rangements, and the following acted as
pall bearers: John Hellquist, John
Bloom, I. M. Westby, S. Rafteseth,
A. T. Thoreson and E. P. Johnson.
Rev. Drotts- spoke the funeral sermon
and the remains were interred at the
Wildwood cemetery east of town."
Busy Bee School Notes "V
^Valentine day was observed in our
school on Tuesday, Feb. 14, with a
valentine box and the- remainder of
the afternoon^" was devoted to the
playing of in and outdoor games.
Carrie and Myrtle Nelson fa
vored us with a visit that same day
and evidently enjoyed the afternoon
much as we did. Mr. Christ Even
son a member, of the school board,
visited our school' on Tuesday after
noon. The Even^on children have been
absent for some time owing tos
ness. Miss Aagot, Dahl an eight grade
pupil, 'has also been absent on account
of illness. A number of the primary
pupils are absent this week on ac
count of snowy and* blizzardly weath
Mr. and Mrs. O: S. Hellerud pleas
antly entertained seventeen guests at
their home last Saturday evening at
Mrs. Ena Thompson, who has spent
a couple weeks with her son James
and family here, returned to her home
at Gully on Friday evening.
Helmer Carlson returned to resume
his duties as station agent at' Devils
Lake on Friday after spending a week
here on account of his mother's ill
ness and death.
John Bloom returned on Friday
from Viking where he has spent a
few days at the Rev. W. Drotts home.
Mrs. Dave Mosbeck returned to her
home at'Crookston last Monday after
a few days' visit with her father,
Sorenson, and other friends.
From the Banner.
Ernest Mack was up to Hallock last
Thursday and purchased a registered
Holstein^bull from the Sugden herd.
Mr. Mack purchased several register
ed cows last fail, and has started put
to build up one of the best Holsteln
herds in the northern part of the
.Alfred Wilier'came home-yesterday
from S Paul where he had been to
market a carload of stock. Mr. W11-.
ler says heavy rain there' ^Tuesday
night was accompanied by a severe
electric- storm, in which a grain eleva
tor was struck by lighting.
For a Pleasant Hour Visit
better they'll eat better, sleep better,
and be well, and happy.
W^i ^a^i^e^ev^nW"'*ls W
Iiever In the axiom "the early bird
catches' the worm." -He already.has
a brood of young chickens more than
a week old.
Serving short order me
all kinds of meats and
induct$ j^d,, Qgmm
respectiOjle place and
uhitp3 The Bloomer Farm': iBureau
held an interesting meeting -in school
house No. 10,. Tuesday evening, Feb.
14. There were about twenty present.
The director, Harry Beckwith, out
lined his idehs of what the local unit
should do. The hdads of the differ
ent committees gave their plans for
the coming year. It was decided not
to limit the membership of the local
unit to paid-up members, so everyone
is urged to attend these meetings. Af
ter the program lunch was served by
Mrs. August Pagnac and Mrs. Harry
mat ^Mi ***w*m-^Q
The following were Sunday visitors'
at the home'of Edward Hanson: Mrs.
Clara Shern,, Misses Hanna Shern,
Anna, Agda, Hulda and Ruth Sahl-'
berg, Messrs. Henry Boe and Emil
Shern. An enjoyable^-afternoon was
Hartvik-Engen was a Sunday caller
on J. Boes' Sunday afternoon.'
Mr. and Mrs. Iver Nelson and chil
dren were visiting at the -home of
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Shern's Sunday.
Messrs. Emil Shern aud E_. Han
son were helping Oscar ^Shern's saw
ing wood Monday.
^Messrs. George and Nels Boe were
spending Friday evening with A. Sahl
Mrs. Adam Sahlberg has put up the
weaving loom and she is busy "weav
NeJs Bsoe was a Sunday caller on
Oscar Sahlberg Sunday evening. ^c
Rev. J. Hjelmeland, from Newfbl:
den held a service, at the home of rH.
^liMONROE SCHOOL NOTES, I*-
,*p District 47' $
Monday ajad Tuesday Harvey Ander
son was absent from school. It was
the first time he had been absent
since last fall but it could hot be
helped because he was sick.
The- eighth grade 'had a geography
test. Esther Odberg had a mark of
96. We guess they were all wishing
for a few points more so they could
Jbave had their names in the paper.
N^Since the busses hajce been going
there have not been very many absent.
The eighth graders are eating grape
fruit .as people say that it makes a
person remember better and they want
to remember when Columbus discov
The examinations will come the last
part of March. srf- $i:^\
HOLMGREN SCHOOL NOTESi^
The fifth month of school ended on
Friday, Feb. 24, with the following
perfect in attendance: Fridolf, Hugo,
Walter and Elna Johnson and Esther
^School has been closed two days
the last month on account of bad
The fifteen weeks work for Health
Crusade was completed .last week
Twelve pupils have
eek -Th work i stil con
tinued although the pupils do not
keep count of their scores.
Anna, Alma, and Olga Larson, An
\iie Gehrls and Arthur Swanson were
callers at school on Valentine's day.
William and Alvin Johnson were
absent from school last week.
'^.Question: What is a mountain?
^Evelyn L.: A mountain is a bi&
lump of mud.
Walden: A mountain is a big stone
with a peak on it.
Mr. R. C. King Tells _. Wonderful
Story About Rats. Read It.
"For months my place was alive
with rats. Losing chickens, eggs,
feed. t^Friend Ntpld me to try RAT
SNAP. I did. Somewhat disappoint
ed at first not seeing many dead-,rate,
but in a few days didn't see a live
one. What were not killed are not
around my place. RAT-SNAP sure
does the trick." Three sizes, 35c 65c.
$1.25.- Sold and guaranteed by War
ren Pharmacy and Peoples Trading
Fifty-two big bundles for $1.50 at fhe
Sheaf office. Big values In every one.
fftj *"u, *-i* fj^^ 5*13*/ **JKGff* *S^*f*W'*?irs^***-^SP V*'*"**''**''?
Pat Kilbane, 896 Price St.', St. Paul,
Minn., wellknoWn Great Northern
Railroad man, is now an enthusiastic
champion of Tanlac. He says:
"I am a believer in Tanlac and I've
ot good reason to be. When I began
taking Tanlac I had been going down
hill for months, had no appetite, was
losing weight and strength every day
and rheumatism had me in its clutch
es. I hadT about made up my mind
that I would have, to lay off from
work altogether.' *VV':
"Tanlac was certainly what I need
ed. My appetite picked up^from the
first dose and ,it wasn't long" before
the rheumatism had left me. I just i
feel fine now in every way and eat,
sleep and work better than in years."
Tanlac is sold -by leading druggists
Was A Losing Weight And
Stength Every Day Andpreparation
Though. He Would Have To
Quit. Tatilac Again Proves
Miss Buelah Kramer, who is em
ployed at the Lewis home in Marsh
Grove during Mrs. Lewis' illness, spent
Saturday till Monday with home
Little Robert Kramer was seriously
ill last week with convulsion^, but is
Mr. and Mrs. Gust Kramer and son
were pleasant visitors at Charboneaux
Clara Toftner and. Annie' Charbon
eaux were Monday evening callers at
Kramers. -^^"'"iV'"*"- 'i'
John Rybaski had \be misfortune'
to lose a valuable horse last week.
Mabel Toftner visited with Laura
Charboneaux Sunday. t'~"
Clfcra Toftner left for Argyle Thurs
day where she will be employed dur
ing the summer: fc
Gust Kramer and sons August and
John were brief callers at Charbon
-Mrs. Rokowiski and son Cashmere
H. CITY DRAY LINE
*8B8fc5? Dealer irfft$Kg&* &
&*> WOOD & COAL -V.
fU Phone No. 818^
leaux called' at Knua-
"Jargylie 'Albert ,Charboneauxrwa8 a
shopper Friday."- ^J$
Mrs. Charboneaux is on the sick list
Mrs. Rakowiski and son Anton were
Argyle shoppers Thursday.
ChainberlaJn's Cough Reme_r
Nothing So Good for a Cough or Ceal
"Everyone who has used Chamber
lain's Cough Remedy speaks well of'
it," writes Edward P. Miller, Abbotts
town, Pa. People who once use this
are seldom satisfied with'
any oth*r. It is excellent to allay a
cough or break up a cold.
Strom & Johnson
W HARD AND SOFT COAL,
vsrt i fM
Office Phone, No. 183"
Residence Phones, 81 and W.
3 SEED S S SEEDS S
with a Northern Reputation
Supplied to the Great Northwest'
s' 4 Write for New Illustrated
flowers and Emblems supplied on
notice.r Phone, Telegraph Write.
K, Warren, Minn.
Largest and best selected stock
WATCHES, CLOCKS AND
i JEWELRY, CUT GLASS
to be found in Marshall County,
at prices that are right A visit
to my store will convince you
that the above is correct
Edison Phonographs and Records
Eastman Kodaks and Supplies.
Fine* watch repairing a specialtyf