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INCREASES EGG MONEY
Creameries of State Preparing to Ship
Eggs as Well as Butter.
Co-operative creameries in Minne
sota are going more and more into the
business of handling the farmers'
eggs as well as the farmers' cream.
Many experiments made in shipping
eggs.in 1922 prove that the egg
money of the poultry keeper can be
increased by co-operative marketing.
T. G. Stitts, agricultural agent in
Meeker county, says that egg ship
ping is developing into a very success
fill enterprise In his county. As. an
Illustration, he says that at Darwin,
where the creamery men have
handled eggs for some time, patrons
received 25 cents a dozen in April,
22 cents in May, 21 cents in June, 20
cents in July, 22 cents in August, 33
cents in September, and 44 cents in
October. The average prices paid by
the local merchant were about at
follows: Nineteen cents in May, 18
cents in June, 17 cents in July and
August, 24 cents in September, and
35 cents in October. The buttermak
r received a fee of one cent a dozen
for grading, candling, and packing
the eggs. Cases, including filler, cost
At Kingston in Meeker county an
egg association was formed by the
university extension and farm bureau
people. At the annual meeting held
recently the secretary reported that
more than. 1,800. .eas^s^of'-egg^had.
been '"shipped^nurin^ith^ *ye^ _^atfd'
that" the total.busijiess was^Abaut
Moisture Needed in Storage.
Root crops should be stored under
cool moist conditions so that they
will remain crisp. Even under such
conditions, however, they keep best
if packed in moist soil, preferably of
a rather light, sandy type.
Cows bred in December freshen la
"Home management demonstration!
ive opportunity for and knowledge
in use of labor saving devices to
make house work more efficient.
WashingtonFurther reductions in
railroad rates on hay and grain in ter
ritory west of the Mississippi river
were sought at a hearing before the
Interstate Commerce commission by
^representatives of the states concern
ed. The application was opposed by
the railroads which would be affected
by rate reductions.
rdlt e$tehtlon l&islfftlon.
Pertinent Pointers for Practical Farmers
Prepared by die Agricultural Depeitmeot. Uatventoy of Mhmojocs
1 only a-iieginniftgi
and a great*:future isf'expet^d^fvonl
The.- co-operative *c&eameries4~*"of*
ftfilaGa a4d Merib^IHle-Iiacs wcffit&i*
are now handling eggs! asiw^ii 's.iut
ter. 'So^successful^ hfts~thep b&sines*'
"becbme*ri hat^ ^^Bv'^fg'X'aom^^a'
tanc0lin, :prdjr* tpr^get- tBe^advagtagiat
of the-higher^.pri^fes deceived ^through
co-operative" "shipprng.^A-farmer jtiv
ing in Todd ^.county :\%ho visTteci: JKe1-
crekineYy 4n: -Milaba^ repbttiejfl tnat
the price of eggs in*'Mllaca was^bout
ten cents a dozen higher than in his
home town where the creamery does
not handle eggs. Several other
creameries in Mille -Lacs county are
preparing to install an egg handling
Ventilate Poultry Houses.
Means of proper ventilation should
not be overlooked by the poultry house
builder. N. E. Chapman, the well
known poultry specialist from Univer
sity Farm, holds that ventilation is the
most important factor in building the
"The windows should be of two sash
with six panes so put in as to be open
ed as desired in warm weather," he
Bays. "To allow frosty air to escape
In winter, transoms of muslin above
the windows, of a louvred frame 'be-
side the windows, will allow the frosty
air to go out and fresh air to come in.
The windows should go up to the plate
to allow the sun to shine back in the
house, thus louvred frames beside the
windows will give best ventilation."
Once the poultry house 'has been
trailt, much time can be conserved in
caring for the flock if the proper fur
nishings are put in. Mr. Chapman
cites several articles which, he says,
are essential for the poultry house.
These are the nests, one for every four
nebs, the roosts, a hopper for the dry
mash, a trough for the crumbly mash
and vegetables and soft feed, and a
pan for holding drinking water. There
should also be a hopper for grit, shells,
and charcoal. A dusting box placed in
lront of the windows is also desirable.
Household account books help put
b.ome work on a business basis., ^r'
Farm credit legislation
received in Congress an impetus which
both Republican and Democratic lead
ers said insured' legislation in 'behalf'
of agriculturists during the present
Arrangements were made for imme
diate hearings by two Senate commit*
tees and the unofficial Senate farm shoul,d contain some milk eggs, fish.
IT STARTS STATE WIDE"
FRUIT VARIETY TESTING
ore "Best Stations Established on
Farms of Successful Growers^
Horticulturists of the university, in
oop'eration with the Minnesota State
iorticultural Society and allied inter
3sts, are working to introduce more
ind better fruits in all parts of Min
nesota. Realizing the defioienees un
der the old system of conducting state
wide fruit variety testing, a new pla*
was put into operation in 1921.. All
existing agencies are still utilized and,
in addition, the scope of the work has
been broadened to include more test
stations on the farms, of experience
and successful growers who agree to
test thoroughly varieties sent to them
from experiment stations and the state
fruit breeding farm. University horti
culturists will study the behavior of
the varieties in the different localities
during the year. From these observa
tions it is hoped eventually to com
pile the* much needed variety informa
tion so that -recommendations can be
made much more definite.
Regarding this work, Prof. W. Q.
Brierley of University- Farm says:
"Cooperative plantings have not been
made in all sections of the state as
yet, but the number is growing larger
each season. In the southern half of
the state testing is being done at La
Crescent, Preston, Albert Lea, Roches
ter, Owatonna, Waseca, Mankato, St.
"james, Lake Benton, Newport, Afton,
Premising Seedlings from the
Fruit. Breeding Farm.
How to KeqTColors Fast/
Fading of eolors is more often due
to careless drying than to any fault
in washing. After washing, colored
garments should be turned inside out
and hung in shady or dark place,
and should be taken in as soon ,as
Atwater, Willmar, and Morris. In
southern countiejh the testing gener
ally is confined -to promising new
varieties, as the old varieties have
been thoroughly tried in most locali
"In the northern half of the state
conditions are different. Here is a
new country with new settlers who
face wide extremes in soil and climat
ic conditions. In this region rasp
berries and strawberries grow to per
fection, plums generally succeed, and
some apples can be grown in district
5. Much work has been done at the
substations at Duluth, Grand Rapids,
and Crookston, but there is still a
great deal to learn about the best
variety selections in the many differ
"Variety testing is now under way
at Battle Lake, Aitkin, Duluth, Two
Harbors, Mountain Iron, Hibbing,
Grand Rapids, Bemidji, Crookston,
Orr, International Falls, Warroad, and
Hallock. In some of these places the
work is carried on with several grow
ers ill co-operation with: the-county
agents in order to compare results
on different sites and soils.
"It appears certain, after but two
seasons of testing, that we can ex
pect not only a variety list for the
several sections of the state, but suc
cess in fruit growing for those who
study their problems and give their
best efforts to the work. For the
northern section efforts in fruit cul
ture are advanced more rapidly when
careful consideration is given to .the
selection of good soil, a suitable site,
protection from cold winds, and, last
but most important, the selection of
hardy varieties adapted to the local-
Acid phosphate increases- the value
of farm manure. ri.
Certified seed is the best to be
found on the market. |$T^g|* gfl
Dryc clean stalls mark one step to
ward healthy barns. _
Stale bread crumbs, or, sunflower
seeds, will keep ^the winter birds
Green and white linoleum on the
floor, and deep green curtains at the
windows,^make an attractive kitchen.
Every day the diet of the
made-plans to press tht fowl ormeat bread and, jewalsr^ omgentfyi peak4urte*sfjfe fM$M
*.IZ ,ii._.j^-_ -vegetables fruits"^sweets ancffate.jgg*g&*-j3 ~--^--*f5rfMk*&
AM going to quit quitting,"
said a philosophic printer.
going to swear off
swearing off. I've come to
the conclusion that a bad, habit is
better than no habit at all. Every time
I've cut anything out in the past, I've
just stuck around on the edge of the
hole and mourned over the emptiness.
I always used to reform on the first of
January and backslide on the 15th.
This year, though, I played poker all
New Year's night, just because I could
and haven't played it since, just be
cause I didn't want to. If I make any
resolution this year, it will be some
thing I want to do, not something I
want to don't." 1-
Technical consistency, however, will
not be universal.
Tm resolved that I won't trust no-
body," said the proprietor of a lunch
room. "I'm a good fellow and that's
Says the Lunch
"I'm resolved that
I won't, trust no-
all .I.get out of It. Everybody likes to
eat in my place when it don't cost
them nothing. Can they go to Smith
over there when they ain't got no
money? Well, they can't come here,
either. Where's that Alec what I lent
a dollar to besides what he ate?\Wouid
Smith give him a dollar, do you think?
Ne he wouldn't. He tlon't trust no
body, Smith don't.
"Who is the most disagreeable man
you know?" a patron asked him ten
"It's that man Smith*" he replied.
"That man, why, he don't trust no-
Here Is a formula worke'd out by a
"Resolved, That I will be more
selfish. I want to love my neighbor as
myself. If I don't love myself, the re
sult would be disastrous.
"That I will be more self-centered.
My. consciousness must be cesfcered
somewhere if it is not centered on
myself, it is apt to be centered on
some-one else. If the other person
could be. keptrunder my control, the re
sult would be slavery if he could not,
it would be agony.
"That I will be myself, even if I get
married. I will^be Somebody and not
Says the Young Feminist: "Re-
solved: that I will be more selfish
Mrs. Somebody, positively -not Some
body's rib. I will live, not in self-sac
rifice but in self-attainment I will seek
friends, not in self-forgetfulness but
in^the full appreciation of my social
self I will love, not in self-denial but
^Charit excuset not cheating.
It is cruelty to the innocent riot to
punish the guilty.
Peace flourishes when reason rules.
What is just and right is the law
of laws.: $ 5"
Avarice and fidelity "cannot dwell to
gether In the same house.
Human blood Is all.one' color.
They that command the most enjoy
themselves the least ~*J&
He,who devours the substance of the
,v^ poof, will find at length a bone to
V|t choke him.
-Distrust Is poison to friendship.,
j^There can be no friendship where
there Is. no freedom.
i That 1s the best government in which
"I'm going to be less vain, less bum
ble, less contrite and less self-right-
eous," was the enigmatical statement say that I was funnier than ever.
PROVERBS THAT FIT SEASON
Many Have Highly Important Bearing
on Vital Issues Which the
World Is Facing.
.Many a proverb has a special bear
ing on the issues with which -we shall
have to deal during the coming year.
Thus, as bearing on the vital issues
of the peace settlement our ancestral
philosophers, proverb makers, remind
We should consult threV'things'ln
all our actionsjustice, honesty and
Justice Is the rightful sovereign od
ine worm.. --v,^ V^A '~Vi*fcM
ah Injury to one id the concern of all.
Produce much, consume little, labor
of a more mature woman, one who is
looked upon by many as an ideal wife
and mother. tf
"Don't you know," she0
"that vanity and humility are just dif
ferent "phases of thesame disease?
And remorse and self-righteousness are
almost identical. The girl whose mind
is filled With thoughts pf how Stun
ning she is is simply crushed when she
fails to stun. The man who exagger
ates the-Importance of his own virtues
is always the loudest mourner-on the
bench when he is 'convicted of sin.'
"Oh, yes," she added, "I want my
children to be good, but I don't want
them to.make a business of it. Be
cause then, 'if they're bad, they'd be
sure to make a business of that. The
woman who told her son: ''Johnny,
don't go outdoors, but if you do go out,
put on your overcoat,' was a etty
good philosopher. Disobedience Is an
issue, but so is catching cold a~nd
there's no need of tying the two to
gether. That's why I am so particu
larly against vanity and self-right
eousness, self-depreciation and re
morse." If you try to tie the whole cos
mos into pne knot you're apt to get
strangled in 4he noose."
"I'm going to economize and begin
Smoking," was the brilliant decision of
a newspaper man. "I haven't smoked
for three months."' he said, "and it's
Says the Newspaper Man: "I
haven't smoked for three months and
it's getting expensive. I'm going to
economize and begin smoking."
getting expensive. Where I used to
to spend an evening with a pipe and a
book, I have to go out now and find a
game of Kelly pool. Going without Nto
bacco has, its advantages, I admit, but
unless I get a raise in salary, I can't
afford to continue the fight against
'Tm not going to make any resolu
tions," said a serious-minded humorist.
"I might make some if I knew just
what to make but I'm past forty now
"and hayen't the slightest idea whether
I suit myself or not. My acquaint
ances seem to like me, but so few of
them know me, and I'm sure I don't
want to be the kind of a man they
think I am. I think I'll open up a little
more make my whole life an open
book, not try to be agreeable or disa
greeable, but just to dos
what I want
to do and say what I want to say, re
gardless of anybody's^prejudices and
opinions. I might eventually get a gen
uine appraisal of myself, something to
base any proposed changes upon.
"No, I couldn't either," he added
sadly. "Everybody would laugh and
"A handful of common sense is worth
a bushel of learning./
The charitable give out at the door,
and God puts in at the window.
Well doing is the best capital.
To be of use in the world is the
only way to be happy.
Space commands me to stop. But
read through these proverbs onqe more,
and ponder their helpfulness as coun
sel for the coming year.H.-Addlog-
ton Bruce in Chicago Daily News._
JUST A LITTLE PEEVED.
butter-producing champion of Ameri
ca. She is May Walker Ollie Home
stead, a Holstein cow, owned by the
Minnesota Holstein Company at Aus
tin. On December 18th this cow com
pleted .a yearly semi-official test with
a^record of 1,218.59 pounds of butter
fat equivalent to 1,523.2 pounds butter
from 31,610.6 pounds milk testing 3.85
per cent. As a consequence 'of this
performance she displaces the former
American record made by Duchess
Skylark Ormsby on the farm of J. B\
Irwin near Minneapolis.
The new champion is a seven-year
old daughter of Piebe Laura Ollie
Homestead King and May Walker of
Arden, both* of whom are of high pro
ducing and show winning ancestry.
Her weight, 1,765 pounds, combined
with dairy temperament and refine
ment also mark her as an excellent
type of dairy cow.
Her grain ration during this test
consisted- of bran, ground oats, dis
tillers' grains, hominy,' oil meal, gluten
and cottonseed with salt and a limited
amount of minery compounds. She
also received liberal amounts of al
falfa hay and, during-the latter part
of her test, corn ensilage and beets.
The uniformity of May Walker Ollie
Homestead's production during her en
tire yearly test period is an outstand
ing feature of her record. In no One
calender month did she produce less
than 80 pounds butterfat or 2,000
pounds milk, nor did she produce over
3,000 pounds milk in any month. She
carried a.- calf almost six months of
her test period.
HENNEPIN COUNTY BOY
IJEABB^ CORN GROWER
A Hennepin*county boy, -Romanzo
Palmer of Excelsior, 14 years old, is
the state,.champion single acre corn
grower among Minnesota corn club
boys and girls for the year 1922. His
field yield was 93.2 bushels and his
dry yield 89.5 bushels. Romanzo, may
be called a logical champion for he
has been in corn club work four years.
Joseph A. Urbanski, aged 16, of Ivan
hoe, Lincoln county, was second in
the single arce contest with a field
yield of 91.5 bushels.
Vernon Coon of Rice county, who
was the champion corn grower among
club people in 1921, won the five acre
contest this year with a total field
yield of 526.6 bushels. His dry yield
per acre averaged 89.4 bushels.
Quantity, quality, cost of production,
and story, of "How I Made My Crop
of Corn" all figure ih the final foot
ings pf the corn club contest. About
400 Minnesota boys and half a dozen
girls took part in corn work this
year, according to T. A. Ertckson, of
University Farm, the state leader.
The time is certainly at hand when
this nation will eat as much food as
it produces. Any further increase in
demand which will surely come with
enlarging industry and expanding city
respectable man Is "no-
crazy. He's merely written-'It ^tOi'V"
will give our farmers a
better market for their products. It is
very unlikely that the numbers of
people-"engaged in farming will in
crease as rapidly as will the national
population. We know that the en
largement of our good farming area
has its limitations. The possibilities
of imports of foodstuffs are fully as
No amount of increase of demand
will make every farmer prosperous,
nor will it make good crops and high
prices every year. There will always
be ups and downs and there will al
ways be some who fail to succeed.
Year in and year out, however, the
progressive farmers should be glad
in the future that they did not give
up the land. Their business- chances
should be fully as good as the city
man's. One thing, however, American
agriculture must learn: If this na
tion is going to eat more food than
it produces, the first job of our farm
ers is to"study, the home market. The
real demand for our food will not be
in foreign trade. Home consumption
will be the demand to which the farm
will cater and those who study this
home demand most carefully will reap
the best profits.Prqf. Robert McFall
in Farm Life.
52 Times a Year
For Boys, for Girls, (or
Parents, for the Young
in k4eart of all Ages.
Pfednd full of ntrteiBtiic and lafocmins nad
inc. Hundreds of Short Storieet Serial Stories.
Then the Boys* Pages, tho Girls* Pages, the Family
Paces. The Currant Events. Editorials. Humorous
Ifiseellaar. Altogether the beet investment in
Costs LESS THAN Five Cents a Week
Taking Desperate Ctanees.
It Is true that many contract
colds and recover from,them witnout"1-^ereves
taking any precautionor treatment*
and a knowledge of this fact leads 1
others to take their chances instead i
of giving" their colds the needed &-
tention. It should be borne in mlndl
that every cold weakens the lungs, |j
lowers the vitality, makes the system"
less able to withstand each succeeding
attack and paves the way for the
more serious diseases. Can you
to take such desperate chances
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, famo*
for its cures of bad colds may be nad
for a trifle?Warren Pharmacy.
A dollar and a half Invested In a
year's subscription to the Sheaf will
save yon many times that amount If
you watch the advertisements closely.
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