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ST. PAUL NEWS.
HORSE STEALING CASE.
Further Hearing of Testimony Yester
day-One Witness Carries a Gun.
Sensational and Spicy De\elopments--The
Statute of Limitations Prevails and the
Case is Dismissed.
The examination of ex-deputy sheriff Har
rison, charged with the larceny of Capt. Bre
sett's horse, was resumed in the police court
before Jud<:e Burr, yesterday morning. The
Intense interest felt in the case was manifest
ed by the immense crowd that filled the
court room; the isles were blockaded and
every foot of space was taken up.
The prisoner James Saxby was put on the
stand, and he was subjected to a searching
cross-examination, his testimony in Hiicf,
however, being not shaken.
GEO. W. WOOLBST.
At 11 o'clock Geo. W. Woolsey was called,
and his appearance was the occasion for
quite a sensation. He testified substantially
Had a conversation with defendant about
the horse about three or four days after it
was stolen. I introduced Saxby to Harrison.
I never had any conversation about the
horse before it was stolen: a few days after
wards defendent came to me and asked,
If I thought Saxby was smart enough to get
out of the country with the horse; I intro
duced him to Harrison for the purpose of
having Bresett whipped or slugged.
At this point Mr. Erwin said that he would
like to have the witness disarmed.
Counsel said the witness had his hand In
his pocket on his revolver, and counsel
called on the court to make him give up the
Woolsey then rose to his feet and address
ing the court, he said that he was
willing to give up his gun if
the court would disarm the defendant and
others in the court room. His life, he said,
had been threatened, and he only wanted to
The court called on Bailiff Clousc to search
Harrison, which was done but no weapon
was found on his person.
Judge Burr then said that he wanted it dis
tinctly understood that any demonstration
whatever in the court room would meet with
the extreme punishment of the law.
The witness then proceeded. He testified
that defendant had frequently spoken to him
about the horse after it had been stolen. Wit
ness had introduced Saxby to Harrison; de
fendant said he had paid Saxby £25; he did'nt
say whether Saxby or himself had stolen the
mare; witness had been on very
friendly terms with the defendant.
The purpose he wanted Saxby for was to
down Bresett; defendaut said that John
Grace and Bresett were doing him political
harm and he wanted to down them.
Cross-examination—Defendant, said he
wanted Bresett licked and slugged; I had
nothing against Bresett; I procured Saxby to
do the job; the latter was at my father's
house; I brought him over.to see Harrison
to do anything the former wanted him
to do; it did not interest me one
way or another; I did it
out of friendship for Harrison; I simply gave
him an introduction ; I told him Mr. Harri
son wanted a man licked, and he said he
would do the job; I noticed Saxby's absence,
but did not know what he was doing until
Harrison told me; I didn't know the house
was going to be taken; I showed Saxby the
roads around Minneapolis so that he could
get out of the country after he hi:d
slugged Bressett; I don't think
it much harm to lick a man
if he deserves it; Harrison wanted him done
up in good shape. (Laughter.) I knew
Saxby; don't know how he was going to
whip him; I supposed he was going to take
advantage of him. if he got the chance. I
went to Brown's Valley to see Saxby and find
out where the mare was; he wanted to have
Saxby arrested, find the mare anil vindicate
himself. I went to Saxby and told him that
Harrison was going to do him up; this was
five or six weeks ago; I gave him
a revolver and told him to protect himself,
I gave him the revolver in February; there
was no conspiracy about it; Saxby was never
asked to put the affair on anybody; I did not
force Saxby to tell anything; I didn't know
where the mare was until February; Harrison
told me he wnntcd to get rid of him and
that he was going to do him up; by doing
him up, I mean that he was boing to lick him,
he was going to do him up one time
at the Chippewa house; I never saw him
make a move to do him up; I went to Bresett
and told him where the mare was; I stated
what I knew of the affair; the first I knew
that the mare was stolen was from defend
ant, who told me at the jehool house in Min
neapolis; I sent money to Mrs. Saxby at Os
age, Mitchell county; I saw a
letter from Saxby to Harrison; it
was dated in August last
at St Joe, Mo., it stated that he had seen the
marc. I never received any promise of con
sideration or pardon in the matter.
Witness here said that he had had a con
versation with the council, Mr. Erwin, in
which he, witness, had authorized a card
drawn up saying that he knew nothing of
the affair. He had done this, lie said,
to find out what tliey had
to say about the matter. At
that meeting Mr. Harrison said in the
presence of counsel and others, that ho
would have to put a log chain and lock on
the mare to keep her. Witness then testified
that offers had been made to him at the meet
ing in Mr. Erwin'soffice, of free defense,
and ready bail, in case of his arrest.
Re-direct—Witness did not know where
the mare was until he saw the letter last
At this point the court adjourned until 2
The court re-assembled at 2 o'clock, when
Mr. Erwin recalled Woolsey and questioned
him as to the conversation that took place in
lawyer Weymouth's office a couple of weeks
ago. At the time named, wituess testified
that he had said he was looking for Harrison;
that he understood Harrison was going to do
him up and that if he laid a hand ou him he
would do him up; At that time witness ex
hibited a revolver and said that Harrison had
been dodging him all day.
Counsel asked witness if he had not been
sent to the penitentiary for having in his
possession counterfeiting tools. Witness re
plied that he had been sent up and pardoned,
and that the reason why he was convicted
was because he, Mr. Erwin, as counsel, had
thrown the case for §360. On being asked
if he was not convicted of horse stealing in,
lowa the witness became excited and made
personal reflections bearing on the counsel.
Mrs. Saxby, the wife of the prisoner, was
the next witness. Witness had seen defendant
Harrison, she had first seen him about three
years ago in Woolsey's house. Mrs. Woolsey
and the husband of witness were present.
Harrison enquired of Saxby about the horse
he had stolen; he had asked what kind of a
time he had had and where he had left the
horse. Saxby related his journey
to him and incidents of the trip.
At this meeting, Harrison referred to the
children and the witness, and he said they
should never want for anything. Witness
knew that a horse had been stolen, but she
did not know who it belonged to.
Cross-examination—Witness had come
from Osage, la., to Minneapolis; she had
been in the latter place about two weeks when
she saw Harrison ; had been residing
at Woalseys for about a week;
had not received letters from her husband
while he was in Missouri; when he returned
he took the family and they went to Wool-
Bey's house; there had been no talk of the
horse hitherto; had heard about the horse
when her husband returned from Clear lajka;
when Harrison called her husband was mi;
after a while he came in and then they talk ■■:
about the horse; Mr. Saxby told about the
horse getting in a ditch; Harrison said he
had done a slick thing in getting away with
the horse and he gave him $10.
Capt. Bressett was then sworn. Witness
first detailed as to missing the mare. She
was rained at $500; had known Harrison
about ten years; on the 18th of September,
18S0, Mr. Harrison and a bosom friend met
witness at the Opera house;
they shook hands and Harrison
said that Aleck McKenzie was at the Mer
chants' hotel and that he wanted to see him,
Bresett, on very important business. Wit
ness accompanied them to the Merchants
hotel but McKenzie could not be found;
Harrison said he would look him up and
started off; witness and the friend of Harri
son's remained at the Merchants until ten
o'clock, when they started up town. On
reaching Donnelly's saloon, Harrison was
found; he laughed and said that he couldn't
find McKenzie; witness remained down
town until about one a. in.; the next morn
ing at seven a. m. his wife woke him up say
ing that his mare had been stolen; witness
said: "Harrison put up the job; I got the
steer last night."
Witness then detailed his search for the
mare and related the circumstances which
led to its recovery, all of which have been
fully detailed before.
Cross examination—Witness referred to
meeting Harrison in Donnelly's saloon; he
was in company with a friend, now deceased.
I They may have taken drinks and cigars;
| they did not go toChinn's club rooms that
i night; had not walked up the street with
j Chfnn and Harrison that night; had walked
jup Third street with Hollinshead. At that
; time witness resided on Forbes
j street; could not state the exact distance;
i had put the mare in the barn himself the
[ night preceding; the mare was well marked;
a description was then given of the horse,
Mrtiich was described as the very picture of
Dexter: had bought her in 1878; everybody
seemed to know her; the night she was
stolen it rained and was cloudy. Witness
thought the men had given him the "steer;"
he thought that one man keeping
him at the Merchants and the other
looking for McKenzie was a clear "steer."
Witness had met Harrison the next day, and
he said he would help him to find the mare;
witness referred to a letter directed to box
"V," Clear Lak", which mentioned the horse.
Received the letter after the talk with Wool
sey; did not know that Woolsey had corre
sponded with a woman in Clear Lake, with
the view of having letters sent about the
horse. Witness had a pointer last October,
that If he could get in
with Woolsey he could find out where
his horse was; Woolsey had not pros
ecuted the case with the idea of getting a re
ward; witness had agreed to pay his ex
penses and give him $50 in case he got the
mare; the only feeling between witness and
Harrison was political; had never had any
trouble. Aliusion was then made to the
trips of defendant to Bismarck and New
Mr. Erwin here wanted to dismiss the
case, it having been shown, he said, that de
fendant had been a resident of the state all
the time since the commission of the offense,
over three years ago.
Mr. John C. O'Brien opposed the motion,
saying that the pleading of the statue of limi
tations was an admission that
a crime had been committed;
the lapse of three years' time did not operate
as a bar to further prosection; the statute of
limitations had nothing to do with the crime;
it was merely a privilege of the defendant;
the statute must be set up and proved by the
defense; the statute said that no indictment
should be found after three years for certain
crimes: the functions of the gjand jury and
the police court were entirely different;
the duty of this court was to ascertain if a
crime had been committed;it had nothing to
do with the statue of limitations.
County Attorney Egan spoke of the statute
of limitations which he said was employed as
a defense; the court may be governed
by the statute; if it appeared that
an offense had been committed,
and that probable cause existed for
believing the prisoner guilty, he must be
committed for trial. The statute was argued
at some length by the counsel.
In reply Mr. Erwin said that the position
taken by the counsel was one of eminent
sophistry; he hardly knew how to reply to
such an argument; because the statute did not
refer to the statute of limitation, did not
bar the court from considering the statute
made by the state; it was a grant made by
the state and it was the state's grant of am
nesty and grace and it was intended that
this court and all the courts in the state
should take notice of it; the state's grant of
amnesty was conceded by the prosecution.
Counsel alluded at considerable length to
the statute of limitations, defining the act as
intended by the legislature, and illustrating
its bearing on the present case. The state,
he said, was the grantor; it was a right, an
act of amnesty made by the sovereign state.
The court should not bind ' a
man over to a powerless grand jury;
a body which could not indict him;
In alluding to the testimony in the case
counsel said he had been astounded at the
nature of the prosecution; the malice of
Woolsey was shown to a terrible extent; he
had tried his best to calumniate the defend
ant by the most disgusting and desperate
means; he had given utterance to the most
villianous lies; to say that he, Bill Erwin,had
saved his client ;there was not a boy from the
mountains to the sea but what would hurl the
hellish and infamous lie back as
a creation of his fiendish brain; it was the
concocted lie of villains to give color to
their hideous and hellish scheme; Woolsey
and Saxby stood the self-confessed thieves of
Capt. Bresett's horse. Counsel made an el
oquent speech, referring to ihe characters of
the witnesses for the prosecution and con
trasting their lives with that of Harrison.
The court said that a fair construction of
the statute required that the absence from the
state, set up in the complaint, while alone
charged an offense, must be proved. As it
had not been, the motion to dismiss was
Mr. John R. Romain, general emigration
agent of the Erie railroad, New York city,
and W. H. Hurlburt, general western passen
ger agent af the same road, with headquar
ters at Chicago, arc. at the Metropolitan. Mr.
Romain is one of the oldest and best in
formed men in the emigrant business, and
has been engaged in the same for a great
many years. He can remember when it was
not customary to book emigrants beyond
Chicago, and when St. Paul, Omaha" and
Kansas City were added to
the booking points. Now he
finds that St. Paul is the objective point for a
large number of European emigrants. The
Erie railroad claims to be the pioneer emi
gration line, and has always been in advance
to adopt ways and means for the protection
of emigrant passengers, and their prompt
transportation. The emigrant business of
the road has grown to such dimensions that
it has become necessary for the road
to create a separate and independent depart
ment for it, with Mr. Romain at the
head of it. This road has a cen
tral European agency at London, with in
numerable auxiliary agencies throughout
Great Britain and the continent of Europe.
Throughout the west and northwest this road
is continually booking agents at all points.
If any road is entitled to credit for the man
ner of managing this vast emigration busi
ness it is the Erie. The business of Mr.
Romain, here at the present time, is to visit
and examine the different agencies, and to
generally look over the ground in regard to
Articles of Incorporations.
Articles of incorporation' were filed with
the secretary of state yesterday of the "So
cita Italian a Dante Alighieri di Matuo Soccor
to," of St. Paul, whose general purpose and
plan of operation is to be the mutual benefit
and improvement of the members, and to
aid. those who may need assistance. Any
person of good character speaking the Italian
lauguac;e is entitled to membership on the
payment of a fee of $2 and a tax of fifty
cents a month. No corporate stock is to be
issued. The first president is G. De France;
vice president, A. Zaccagnini; secretary, S.
Ungaretti; treasurer, M. Palmini, • and" di
rectors, A. De Gloria, B. Di Beue, C. Gre
gori.. G. Mediani and U. Pardi.
The Garland Suit for Damages.
The suit of Mary A. Garland, administra
trix of the estate of Thomas P. Garland,
against the city for §5,000 damages, was
commenced to be heard before a jury in the
district "court yesterday, Brisbin «fc Farrell
appearing for the plaintiff, and City Attorney
Murray for the city. It will be remembered
that in November, 1881, Thomas P.
Garland while driving home in the early
evening, ran upon a pile of dirt at the corner
of Fort street and Goodrich avenue, result
ing from excavations for a sewer manhole,
and was thrown from his wagon, receiving
injuries which the complaint avers were the
cause of his death about a year and a half
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, FRIDAY MORXIXG, FEBRUARY 22, 1884.
Mrs. Wenzel's Complaint Against
Two Drunken Brutes—Dr.
Dwyer's Case—Fined $20
for Raising Perdition-
About as low villains and as diabolical a
crime, if the allegations of the complaint are
true, as the court has ever been called upon
to investigate, came up in the police court
yesterday morning. Two men, Jacob
Schneider and Andrew Helah, were arraigned
on the charge of attempted rape of a married
women named Mrs. Annie Wenzel. The
latter is a middle aged, comely looking Ger
man, and the men were arrested on a war
rant sworn out by her. The parties all re
side in East St. Paul, near the grist mill on
Phalen creek. Day before yesterday, Mrs.
Wenzel called at a neighbor's house to spend
the afternoon. On entering the house she
found a woman and the two defendants all
under the influence of liquor. A few min
utes after her entrance the man Schneider
seized her, and with the remark that he
wanted some fun, he threw her to the floor.
She resisted, when defendant Helah caught
hold of her limbs and Schneider held her
arms and stuffed something into her mouth
so as she could make no outcry.
On seeing this, the woman of the house, a
Mrs. Kalstern, came to the assistance of Mrs.
Wenzel and drove the brutes off. After
leaving the house Mrs. Wenzel called at the
police court and swore out a warrant for
On being arraigned yesterday they
asked for a continuance, and the
hearing went over until the 23d Inst. They
were committed in default of $250 each.
Dr. P. J. Dwyer was arraigned on the
charge of violating the health ordinance by
refusing to give a permit for the burial of a
man named Wm. J. Mitchell. The com
plaint was sworn to by John C. Mitchell, a
brother of the deceased. The hearing was
continued to the 26thinst.
Ed. McCoy and M. Anderson were up on
the charge of raising perdition at John Geb
hardt's saloon, on Como road. The boys
went to the place at a late hour, and, because
they were refused admittance, they threw
beer kegs at the windows and door, and
vowed vengeance on Gebhardt.
They were fined $20 each. Thos. Brennan
and J. N. Gebhardt were up on the charge
of selling liquor without a license. The
cases were continued. The case of 0. Sul
livan, charged with assaulting P. Griffin,
was again continued to March 1.
Real Estate and Buildings.
Ten transfers of real estate were
filed for record with the register of deeds
yesterday, the aggregate considerations
amounting to $9,740. They were as fol
REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.
James Stinson to John N Stanha, lot 28, block
25, Stinson, Brown & Ramsey's addition, §585.
Robert P Lewis to Frank A. Leonard, lot 10,
block 13, Lewis' second addition, §400.
Same to George W Bowers, lot 9, block 13,
Lewis' second addition, $400.
J W Cooper to Peter Pearson, lot 37, Cooper's
L E Crosman to E A Sauer,lot 11, block 40, Ly
man Dayton's addition, $3,500.
John E Ransom to Franz Reidel,lots 10 and 11,
block 6, Dcßow, Smith, Risque & Williams' addi
George Seibert to Chas A Moore, lot 1, block
3, Schurmeier's Seventh street addition, $1,250.
Augustus B Wilgus to Hattie A Hay, lot 3,
block 8, Hitchcock's addition to West St. Paul,
John A Sabin to Joseph Steinkamp, lot 10,
block 8, Nininger's addition, $580.
Hermann Altmann to The North Star Bnilding
society, lot 24, block 7, Terry's addition, $1,300.
The following building permits were is
sued by Inspector Johnson yesterday.
Paul Gadboy, one and one-half story frame
dwelling on Indiana avenue, between Era and
Peter Keim, two story frame store on Reaney
street, between Greenbrier and Payne, $1,500.
Charles H. Johns, alter kitchen, Minnesota,
between Tenth and Eleventh, $125.
Sidney I. Gonlaugh, one and one-half story
frame dwelling on Prospect street, between Oak
dale and and Mt. Hope streets, $800.
Carl Munske, one story frame dwelliug on
Dearborn street, between Gorman and Living
E.F.Osborne, two story frame dwelling on
Exchange street, between St. Peter and Ninth,
An Analytic Tribute to Minnesota
Springer Harbaugh, Esq., of this city hav
ing forwarded specimens of Scotch Fife
wheat grown on two large farms in this state
for analysis to the United States commis
sioner of agriculture at Washington, receiv
ed the following letter yesterday by the ex
amining chemist to. that department, which
shows that wheat of that character grown in
Minnesota leads all the other wheat growing
states as to quality:
Hon. G. B. Loring,Commissioner of Agricul
Sir—At the request of Springer
HarbauglyEsq., of St. Paul. Minn., I have
examined a specimen of wheat from the
Keystone and Lockhardt farms with the
Analysis of Scotch Fife wheat;
Water 8.31 perct.
Ash 2.05 "
Phosphic Acid 87 "
Nitrogen.... 2.32 "
Albumen 14.53 "
Gluten,moist 35.37 "
" dry 14.08 "
Weight of 100 grains 2,950 grams.
It is therefore apparently above the average
production of the country in quality, with
the exception of size of the grain. Respect
fully, Clifford Richardi?on,
United States Circuit Court.
[Before Judge Nelson.J
John Johnson vs. Felix Schultze; judg
ment for possession and costs.
Same vs. August Kuffner; same.
Sarah M. Goodwin vs. Wm. A. Senipter;
additional order that decree of dismissal is
[Before Judge Wilkin.]
William Defrunchy vs. Anna M. Rice; ver
dict for defendant.
Mary A. Garland, administratrix vs. the
City of St. Paul; action for $5,000 damages;
NEW SUTS AND PAPERS FILED.
James B. Berry, vs. Julius Zahonyi; suit
for $177 on promissory note.
Adjourned to 10 a. m. to-day.
[Before Judge McGrorty.]
Estate of Oakes Ames, deceased; will ad
mitted to probate; Wm. N. Ames appointed
administrator, etc., and notice given to cred
Estate of TheodoreL. Tellkampp, deceased;
will admitted and the executors ordered to
give bond. W
Estate of Wm. L. Mintzer, deceased; con
tested claims adjourned to the 27th inst.
Estate of Peter Schneider, deceased; peti
tion for .license to sell real estate dismissed.
| Before Judge Burr. |
Jacob Schneider and Andrew Helah, at-'
tempted rape; continued to the 23d inst.
M. Anderson and E. McCoy, disorderly
conduct; fines of §20 paid.
J. N. Gebhardt, selling liquor without a
Thos. Breman, same; continued to the
O. Sullivan,assault; continued to March 1.
P. J. Dwyer, refusing to give burial permit;
continued to the 26th inst.
Tapping a Hydrant.
A two-horse track team of John B. St. Au
bin, becoming unmanageable at 8 o'clock
yesterday morning, ran into the hydrant in
front of the St. Paul national bank, cor
ner of Fifth and Jackson streets, and twisted
it an d thereby loosed a miniature Cincinnati
overflow in that vicinity, flooding both the
basements and streets. The water main was
shut off and some twenty men were em
ployed nearly the whole day in repairing the
damage, and in getting matters into ship
Ibout the same time a granger's team,
drawing a load Of fertilization, ran away on
Fifth, between Minnesota and Roberts streets,
and bringing up against the fence in front
of the European hotel in that vicinity reduced
a portion of it into first quality kindling
Performance of "Sam'l of Posen" at the
Grand Last Night—Dary Crockett.
The modern playright has made a great
many attempts in this generation to portray
the characteristics of the Hebrew character in
his relation to the world of commerce, but in
no instance have we seen the peculiarities of
the genus so happily combined as in the
representation given at the Grand last night.
The play was "Sam'l of Posen," as per
formed by the M. B. Curtis Dramatic com
pany, and it was given to an audience that
almost filled the house. The reception too,
was most enthusiastic, the laugh
ter and applause being almost
continual. The interest centered
of course in the character of Samuel, as
portrayed by Mr. M. B. Curtis. Anybody
who has ever been on Chatham street, or
the Bowen- in their palmy days, might easily
recognize "in this character the prototype of
the shrewd, energetic, thrifty and cunning
descendant of Moses, ready at all times to
make a "helf a dollar," but withal honest
and upright. In seeing Mr. Curtis, with his
quaint make-up, immense dialect and ready
style, one can almost hear him say, "Isaac,
bring in does clodings," before he speaks a
word. The play has considerable
plot and a touch of melodrama
in it, which displays to good advantage the
powers of Albina De Mer, Messrs. Eytinge,
Campbell and Davenport, Miss Wilmert and
others, the support being very good.
The same play will be given to-night and
at the matinee to-morrow Miss De Mer will
impersonate the role of "Camille,"a charac
ter in which she is said to be very fine.
The sale of seats for the engagement ot
the Frank Mayo company opens to-morrow
Of the performance an exchange says:
"Critics have analyzed 'Davy Crockett' and
found that its peculiar, exquisite charm lies in
the very naturalness of Crockett. And it is hard
to imagine how any other actor conld play the
same character successfully. It must be admit
ted that there is something in Mayo's acting
which reaches the highest pinnacle of art, and
that is the concealment of art itself. As a thor
oughly natural, spontaneous and impulsive
'Crockett' Frank Mayo will never have an
Capt. Johns' Lecture.
The forthcoming lecture by our former
secretary of the chamber of commerce, Capt.
H. T. Johns, an "Analysis and comparison
of Blame and Conkling, with a side view of
their having Democratic and Republican as
sociates," we understand will not be in any
sense a politieal,but a purely literary elfort. It
Is an emanation of the captain's own mind,
and of the Blame literary bureau,the existence
of which is occasionally cropping out.
The lecturer is one of those naturally inde
pendent persons who occasionally finds even
a party too cramped for him, and so would
make a very poor and uncertain fugleman
for Blame, or any other leader. Extremely
radical back in the days of Lincoln and
Chase, he has been mainly known as a Re
publican, but since those days of radicalism,
party ties have not bound him very cfosely.
He struck out for "reform" under Greeley
in 1872, making during that campaign, some
very able and philosophical speeches.
His skill in portraying character, with his
manly independence in expressing his own
convictions, will make his lecture one of
marked interest. In those days of slavish
devotion, not to a. party with its principles,
but mainly to some leader thereof, it is re
freshing to have a man of culture
and intense individuality analyze public men,
presenting them so that we see them as they
really are, disrobed of all partisan and per
Few men excel Capt. Johns in the delinea
tions of character, and his eight years in the
senate have made him familiar with both the
largeness and littleness of public men,' the
latter of which will be as fearlessly presented
as the former. Like all earnest men, his at
tachments may unconsciously somewhat
pervert his judgment, and so he may give
undue praise to Blame, but he is too true a
critic to allow his prejudice to have that' ef
fect, so his known dislike of Conkling will
not mar the accuracy of the portrait of that
His hearers may not agree with his con
clusions, but they will respect his honest
opinions, and in the hearing of him enjoy
a rich intellectual treat, which will enable
them thereafter to more readily gauge public
[N". Y. World.]
Ex-Senator Dorsey's beautiful Aphorisms,
if strung together, would make the man
more famous than "Poor Richard." He
seems to have inherited a great deal of the
proverbial philosophy of Beh; Franklin, Tup
per and Solomon. A corespondent inter
viewing the Sage the other day propounded
a simple question thus, referring to the star
route irregularities: "Why were not the
other contractors, more important than your
self, prosecuted?" To this the following" able
response was made:
Oh, it is an unwise man who speaks of
fools, and a foolish msn who talks of grati
tude. Beef in power isn't worth any more
than beef in market, and the pale face of a
sheep never frightens anybody but a guilty
man. Justice is always even unless it is
bought. Truth is greater than power, and
office will never permanently supplant truth.
Just what is meant by beef in power and
beef in the market we are not prepared to
say, unless Mr. Arthur is referred to, nor do
we know why a pale face of a sheep should
frighten a guilty man more than the haggard
face of a mule. We only know that Dorsey
is a wise man and that some person might
make a fortune by compiling and .publishing
A Victim of the City of Columbus.
Of Miss Elizabeth Beach, one of the vic
tims of the wreck of the City of Columbus, a
writer in Gailigman's Messenger says:
"Miss Beach came to Paris to study French.
Her personal attractions and her Intellectual
gifts made for her many friends. But the
charm of her grace and culture was crowned
by a spirit of earnest, happy, all-pervading
piety which was irresistible. Wishing to
perfect herself in the knowledge and prac
tice of the French language, she secured as
a teacher one of the best professors in
Paris. He was an unbeliever, but at once
became interested in her sincerity. As sub
jects for French conversation he asked her
to recount to him anything that had most in
terested her. She listened attentively to
Pasteur Bersier, and one Monday morning
repeated all that she could of his sermon.
The professor was interested, not only in the
language, but in the matter, asking her
where she had heard that. The third Mon
day he was still more impressed, and ex
claimed, 'I must hear that preacher for
myself.' He did so; not only once, but
many times, and became a changed man."
Death to Polygamy.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
It is believed that, taken together, the
visits of Emily Faithful and Kate Field to
Utah have sown a sufficiency of the seeds of
discord to the Mormon female heart to seal
the doom of polygamy. In the first place,
Miss Faithful always isppeared in a rich seal
skin sacque, and Miss Field wore to the Tab
ernaclea stunning bonnet glittering with ini
Al Husband for Three Years.
A polish woman applied to the Chicopee
Town Clerk recently for a "three years' mar
riage license," saying that she had a hus
band in the old country, but as he wasn't
coming here for three years she would like to
get married for the meantime.
Sunshine, for the Suffers.
[Louisville Courier Journal.]
It is said that every boom which the New
York Sun takes up immediately collapses.
Will the Sun be kind enough to take up the
Ohio River's boom?
The Anne Boleyn cap is the headdress of
the hour. .
To the Farmers.
The Chicago, Milwaukee & St, Paul rfad,
is one of the best managed roads in the
United States, and the managers of it have
their eyes continually wide open to see all
that is necessary to he done to render that
road better, more satisfactory to the public,
and more remunerative to the stockholders.
•They sec that to make the farmer suc
cessful is to make the road a
better paving institution, and that what the
fanner needs is a good quality of seed wheat.
They are of the opinion that "the best quality
of wheat pays best. They have accordingly
made arrangements for supplying farmers
along their road with pure Scotch Fife wheat for
seed. This is a great movement and cannot
fail to have a telling effect in all the farming:
regions. The following circular explains
Chicago, Milwaukee a. St. Paul, R.R., 1
Genera*., Northwestern* Freight >
Agent's Office, St. Paul, 21stFeb., '84. )
The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul rail
way have made arrangements to furnish the
farmers ou the lines of the I. and M. S. M.,
I. and D., S. C. and D., and H. and D.
Divisions, with Pure Scotch Fife wheat for
seed. Without this wheat the reputation of
Minnesota cannot be maintained for produc
ing the finest of flour in the land. The mil
lers must have it. It is bringing 7c to 10c
per bushel more than the soft varieties to
day, and we intend that on all the divisions
above named a -'hard price" shall be made
on the next crop provided farmers will raise
Fife wheat and keep it separate. Orders for
this wheat may be addressed to H. W. Pratt
& Co., Minneapolis. The first 100,000 bush
els will be delivered on board cars at $1.05
per bushel, and shipped at the following low
schedule of rates in car loads: Twenty miles
or under 2}^c per 100 lbs; 50 miles 3c, 75
miles 4c, 100 miles sc, 150 miles 6c, 200
miles 7c, 250 miles Be, 300 miles 9c, over
300 miles 10c. Bassett, Huntling & Co., on
the I. and D. and S. C. and D.; Hodges and
Hyde & Cargill Bros., on the S. M., and the
elevators and warehouses on the H. and D.
division will furnish farmers at the stations
in any quantity with this wheat at $1.15 per
bushel. Send in your orders.
Agents at stations will please request that
their county papers publish this, in order that
it may have as wide publicity as possible.
James B. Boyden*.
Serious Cutting of East-Bound Freight
Rates—Belief that the Days of the Eastern
Pools are Numbered.
[Chicago Tribune, Sl.]
The situation in regard to east-bound
freight rates is growing worse. A promi
nent railroad man stated yesterday that
freight has been contracted foi during the
last few days at from ten to fifteen cents per
100 pounds on the basis from Chicago to
Mew York. The regular tariff rate is thirty
cents per 100 pounds. Numberless appeals
have been sent to Commissioner Fink re
questing him to take some action. Thus far
he has done nothing except to send dispatch
es to the general managers asking theiropin
ion. Each road insists that it is maintaining
the rates, and that it is the other one which
is doing the cutting. A list of contracts made
at cut rates was to have been submitted to
Commissioner Fink before last Friday, and
the trunk-line presidents were to have met
the same day to consider what was to be
done. Whether he has received such lists is
not known. As far as can be ascertained the
trank-line presidents have hot met. It is
the opinion that Commissioner Fink has not
received statements from all roads, or at
least not satisfactory statements. However
this may be, it is considered stange that the
trunk-line presidents have not been con
vened. At their last meeting they pledged
themselves to see to it that the rates were
maintained. They are evidently convinced
that the days of the east-bound pool are num
bered, and it is thought WpF are now simply
trying to create the impression that
there are no serious troubles regarding east
bound rates apprehended until Gould and
Vanderbilt get through with their bull move
ment in stocks. It would not do for Com
missioner Fink to order a general reduction
in east-bound rates to the lowest contract
rates made, as urged by the western mana
gers, so long as Vanderbilt and Gould are
bulling stocks. The announcement of such
reduction would spoil the game of these mag
nates, and Mr. Fink dares not do anything
that is contrary to their wishes. It is the
general opinion that Vanderbilt and Gould
are as fully convinced as any body else that
there is nothing in the present situation to war
rant a boom of stock. It is believed to be
their desire to unload upon the lam bs as soon as
stocks have bean forced up high enough.
This accomplished, they will retire from the
scene and let the impending crash come.
Gould seems to be particularly anxious to
dispose of his holdings in the Wabash, which
road, it is believed, cannot be held above wa
ter much longer. The bankruptcy of the
Wabash would necessarily affect all other
railroad properties more or less, and the east
bound pool could no longer be maintained.
Vanderbilt is preparing for the coming crash,
and for this reason his roads are now secur
ing all the contracts they can. Everything
indicates that the conflict will commence in
earnest before many days have past, as the
present condition of affairs cannot continue
End of the Dubuque & Davenport Rail
[Dnbuqu? Democrat, 19th.]
The celebrated equity suit of Sulzbach
Bros., the German bankers against the es
tate of the late J. Edgar Thompson, ex Gov
ernor William Dennison and Benjamin E.
Smith, of Ohio, and Andrew Carnegie, of
Pittsburg, was decided by Judges McKennan
and Builer, of the United States circuit
court, in Philadelphia on Thursday, in favor
of the plaintiff. Judgement was given,
however, against the Thompson estate alone.
The suit against Carnegie was dismissed.
The*other defendants are not affected, be
cause the bill was not served on them.
The action was to recover damages for in
juries suffered by the bankers by the over
issue, as they contended, of bonds of the
Davenport and St. Paul railroad company.
The railroad was originally to run from Dav
enport, lowa, by way of Maquoketa, to Dv
buque. In April, 1871, after it had been
laid to Maquoketa, a distance of about thirty
two and one fifth miles, the enterprise broke
down. A construction company, of which
the defendants were members, "then entered
into contract to build the road from Daven
port to St. Paul. They began at Eldridge
Junction, about two miles from Davenport.
The distance to St. Paul was about three
hundred miles. The construction com
pany was to receive §20,000 a
mile. Bonds for $3,000,000 were
issued to cover the expense of laying the
first half of the road. They were taken by
Sulzbach Bros, at 80 per cent. The bankers
also had the option of taking the remainder.
A supplementary agreement was then drawn
up between the trustees of the road and the
construction company, by which the latter
were to receive the proceeds of the bonds at
the rate of $16,000 a mile, instead of $20,000
payment to be made as each ten miles was
completed. Work was suspended in 1872.
The construction company became insolv
ent. The mortgage on the railroad was
foreclosed and the road sold out for half a
million dollars in gold. The bondholders
realized only at the rate of $143 on the $1,000.
Tlie Green Bay Road.
The Green Bay, Winona & St. Paul has
rendered its statistical report to the state
railroad commissioner. The company had in
operation 224.8S miles Dec. 31, 1883. No
new road was built during the year. The
actual cost to the above date was §15,430,
-652,61; total gross receipts from operation,
§412,231.37; total net earnings from same
source, $89,599.56; total interest bearing
debt, $5,451,000; amount of interest accrued
during the year, §100,900; amount of inter
est paid on such indebtedness, §71,000; rent
als paid during the year, §17,757.71. The
amounts paid by the company during the
year were specified in items, as follows:
Construction $25,482 07
Equipment 4,166 56
Operation 303,018 43
Taxes 1,738 12
Interest -71,000 00
Rentals 17,885 20
Total $423,650 44
The Cwur d'AleneMines.
From a gentleman who came through from
the Pacific coast yesterday it is learned that
Herron Siding is the most convenient point
on the Northern Pacific from which to go to
the Cceur d'Alene gold mines. Henon Sid
ing is near the ends of the Montana and
Idaho divisions, and frtfm it to Eagle City it
is about thirty-t*vo miles. Eagrie City is in
the center of the mines, and five or six
hundred people are there now. An engineer
has run a line from Henon Siding into
Eagle City and finds that there is no trouble
at all to get in there, even at this season
of the year. It is all down hill, and for a
considerable part of the way there is a well
beaten road. The Northern Pacific has com
pleted one of the largest and be3t hotels on
the line of the road, at Herron station, and
the largest and best stores to be found on the
road between Spokane and Helena, are to be
found at Herron Siding. A man with a
large saw-mill, is at Herron Siding, ready to
go into Eagle City, and will be there in a few
days. This is regarded as the best,and really
the only route to get into the mines.
The railroad offices, so far as could be
learned yesterday,, will not be closed to-day.
P. Hollenbeek, assistant general freight
agent af the Winona <fc St. Peter road, is in
R. P. Rollins, traveling agent of the Union
Pacific road, with headquarters at Chicago, Is
At Crookston at 7 o'clock yesterday morn
ing it is reported to have been clear, calm
and cool with the mercury at thirty-two be
The Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis &
Chicago (Kankakee line) announces that it
is again prepared to take all classes of
freight for Cincinnati.
The earnings of the Northern Pacific rail
road from July 1 to Feb. 14 shows an in
crease of §2,535.779 over the corresponding
months of the previous year.
Hereafter, and until further notice, train*
will run on the Sanborn, Cooperstown i!c
Turtle mountain road on Fridays only, leav
ing Sanborn and Cooperstown as at present.
Shippers can now obtain from the general
freight office of the St. Paul & Manitoba road
copies of the sectional map of Minnesota and
Dakota, engraved by the American Bank
Note company, and issued by the St. Paul it
The gross earnings of the Chicago & Alton
for the second week in February were $156,
-293.92, against $183,982.55 for the corres
ponding week last year; increase, §3,371.37.
The gross earnings from Jan. 18S4, to Feb.
10 were $954,735.88, against '$932,814.19 for
the corresponding period last year; increase
The St. Paul railroad has reported to Rail
road Commissioner Haugen, of Wisconsin,
that its gross earnings in Wisconsin during
the past calendar year wen- $23,659,823, and
its operating expenses $18,778,838. The
Wisconsin Central reported its gross earn
ings from operation §1,447.798, and net
earnings from operation §76,087.
It eas been officially announced that Col.
A. A. Talmage, general transportation man
ager of the Missouri Pacific railway system.
has been appointed fourth vice president of
that system, with jurisdiction extendingover
the entire Wabash line. This appointment
retires Col. Andrews from the general super
intendence of the Wabash, but he has been
appointed consulting engineer of that road.
Mark Twain and Petroleum V. Nasby,
says Dorm Piatt, dined with Eli Perkins at
the latter's residence in New York. The con
versation at that dinner I shall never forget.
The stories told and the reminiscences
brought out at that dinner would fill a small
After the last course, and after the ladies
had withdrawn, the conversation turned
upon horses. Finally Mr. Twain laid down
his cigar and asked Perkins and Nasby if
they had ever heard of a fast horse he (Mark;
used to own in Nevada.
"I think not," said Nasby.
"Well, gentlemen," continued Mr. Twain,
as he blew a smoke ring and watched it,
"that was a very fast horse But he was so
tough bitted that I couldn't guide him with
a bit at all."
"How did you guide him?" asked Eli.
•'Well, gentlemen, I had to guide him w'th
electriity. I had to have wire lines and
had to keep a battery in the wagon all the
time in order to stop him."
"Why didn't you stop him by hollering
who-a?" asked Eli.
"Stop him by hollering who-a!" exclaimed
Mr. Twain. "Why I could not holler loud
enough to make that horse hear me. He
traveled so fast that no sound ever reached
him from behind. He went faster than the
sound, sir. Holler whoa and he'd be in
the next town before the sound of your voice
could reach the dash-board. 'Travel fast?' I
should say he could. Why I once started
from Virginia city for Meadow creek right in
front of one of the most dreadful rain-storms
we ever had on the Pacific coast. Wind and
and rain? Why the wind blew eighty miles
an hour and the rain fell in sheets". I drove
right before that storm for three hours—just
on the edge of that hurricane and rain for
"Didn'tyou get drenched?"
"Drenched? No, sir. Why, I tell you, I
drove right in front of that"rainstorm. I
could lean forward and let the sun shine on
me, or lean backward and feel rain and
catch hailstones. When the hurricane
slacked up the horse slacked up, too, and
when it blew faster I just said 'g—lk!' to the
horse and touched the battery, and away we
went. Now I don't want to lie about" my
horse, Mr. Perkins, and I don't ask you to
believe what I say, but I tell you truthfully
that when I got to Meadow creek my linen
duster was dry as powder. Not a drop of
rain on the wagon scat either, while the wag
on box was level full of hailstones and wa
ter, or I'm , a "
"Look here gentlemen." interrupted Mr.
Nasby, "speaking of the truth, did you ever
hear about my striking that man in"Toledo?"
Mark said he had never heard about it.
"Well, sir, it was this way; There was a
man there—one of those worldly, skeptical
fellows, who questionedmy veracity one day.
He said he had doubts about the truthfulness
of one of ray cross-roads incidents. He
didn't say it publicly, but privately. ■ I'm
sorry for the sake of his wife and family now
that he had said it at all—and sorry for the
man, too, because he wasn't prepared to go.
If he'd been a Christian it would have been
different. I say I didn't want to strike the
man, becanse its a bad habit to get into—
this making a human chaos out of a fellow
man. But he questioned my veracity and
the earthquake came. I struck him once—
just once. I remember he was putting down
a carpet at the time and had his mouth full
of carpet-tacks. But a man can't stop to
discount carpet-tacks in a man's mouth,
when he questions your veracity, can he* I
never do. I simply struck the blow."
"Did it hurt the man much?" asked Eli.
"I don't think it did. It was too sudden.
The bystanders said if I was going to strike
a second blow they wanted to move out of the
state. Now, I don't want yon to believe me.
and I don't expect you will;" but to tell you the
honest trath, Mr. Perkins, I squashed that
man right down into a door-mat, and his
own wife, who was taaking down one edtce
of the carpet at the time, came- right along
and took him for a gutta percha rug, and
actually tacked him down in front of the
door. Poor woman, she never knew she was
tacking down her own husband! What be
came of the tacks in his mouth? you ask.
W^ll the next day the boys pulled them out
of the bottom of his overshoes, and "
"Gentlemen!" interrapted Eli, "it does
me good to hear such truths. I believe every
word you say, and I feel that I ought to ex
change truths with you. Now, did you ever
hear how I went to prayer-meeting at New
London, Conn., in a rain-stormf
They said they had not.
'"Well, gentleman," said Eli, "one day I
started for the New London prayer-meeting
on horseback. When I got half-way there,
there came up a fearful storm. The wind
blew a hurricane, the rain fell in torrents,
the lightning gleamed through the sky, and
I went and crouched down behind a large
But pretty soon the lightning struck the
barn, knocked it into a thousand splinters
and sent my horse whirling over into a
"Did it kill you, Mr. Perkins?" asked Mr.
Twain, the tears rolling down his cheeks.
"No, it didn't kill me," I said, "but I was
a good deal discouraged."
"Well, what did you do, Mr. Perkins'"
'^What did I do? Well, gentlemen, to tell
the honest Connecticut truth, I went right
out into the pasture, took off my coat,
humped up my bare back, and took eleven
clips of lightning right on my bare backbone,
drew the electricity all out of the sky, and
then got on to my"horse and rode into New
London in time to lead at the evening
Arise and sing!
A little Saratoga girl toddled up to a ven
erable "mother in Israel" who was leaning
over engaged in reading, and, smoothing her
little hand cautiously over the old lady's
beautiful silver hair, she said:
•Why. ou has dot such funny hair —on
has." Th.'v. pausing a moment, she looked
up and inquired. -What made it BO white;"'
"Oh, the frosts of nianv winters turned it
white, my little girl,'' replied the old lady.
"Didn't it hurt on!" asked the little thing,
in childish amazement. It was the firs
time she had ever seen gray hair.
Taeoma, Washington territory has organ
tieda Chamber of Commerce.
The anti-Jewish feeling runs go strong at
Kieff that a massacre is threatened.
The New York banks are reported to hold
§20.011,000 in excess of legal reqnireii
A San Francisco policeman was mysteri
ously murdered on his beat the other morn
Lord Baltimore's landing place in Mary
land is to be marked by a §10.000 monu
The Bey of Tunis has given permission to
the French engineers to let the sea wutei
into the desert.
Queen Victoria has received hunndreds o:
amateur poems on the death of the Beotcl
gillie John Brown.
Two freight conductors on the Boston &
Albany railroad hay. been arrested for rob
bing a freight-car.
The New Orleans Stock Exchange has in
terested itself in a movement to form a cre
mation society in that city.
Buffalo businessmen tire getting tired of
taking Canadian money, which circulal
most as freely in that city as treasury notes.
The Knights of Labor have presented iv
the Dominion Parliament a protect against
assisted passengers for emigrants to Canada,
Six thousand sheep on the estate of the
Marquis La Mores, in Dakota, have recently
died. It is suspected they were poisoned by
enemies of the Marquis.
A number of the Maryland oyster pirates
have beenarrested, and it is believed the traf
fic will be seriously obstructed owing to the
active exertions of the •
Henry Gonza, a lad of 17. while running
to a fire in Reading, Pa., the other night,
struck his head against a tree and was in
stantly killed. Aden-.- fog prevailed at the
Spatted Elk, the noble red man discharged
the other day in the United States district
court at Deadwood, Bays it Is too cold to go
borne at present, ami that he prefers to remain
in jail until warm weather.
One oftbe Rothschild ladies went lately to
Montmartre to relieve in person some of the
ragpickers who were deprived of their liveli
hood by Mr. Poubelle's decree ordering tin
rubbish from houses to be transferred di
rectly to the dustmen by the porter-. Tin
distress was great, and many families were
being evicted. The large number of children
about elicited the fact that, with the singular
kindness shown by the poor to one another,
they *vere in many cases the adopted orphans
of ragpickers deceasi •'.
General Simon Cameron, while in Galves
ton, found an old friend in the person of tie
widow of Dixon. H. Lewis, of Alabama, with
whom he served in congress nearly forty
years ago. "In a call of an hour," writes a
correspondent, -these venerable people de
scribed scenes of Washington life and poli
tics In their prime. Although Mr. Cameron
and Mr. Dixon were political opponents,
personally they were warm friends, and tie
venerable ex-Senator was highly gratified to
meet the widow of his departed friend."
Professor Warren, of Dover, N. J., 1.-.t
nredin the High school ball at New Haven
recently, and told a remarkable story con
earning John Hancock, one of the signers of
the Declaration of Independence, who, he
stated, wa* once under indictment for smug
gling $400,000 worth of liquor into the colo
nic^. A friend of the lecturer was engaged
not long since by descendants of Hancock
to gather material from which to write the
history of Hancock's life. The material was
collected and read, when members of the
family immediately offered toe writer $1,000
to hand over the work and not make any
further investigation. The writer took the
money, and the book was never issued.
The Tempera nee Moremeut—Queer Result.
Atlanta (la., Feb 9, —The revval of the
earthernware business in Georgia is one of
the curious results of the local option tem
The high license at first adopted limited
the sale of liquor to country towns, and the
adoption of local option by several contigu.
ous counties forced the good liquor Vat
upon the nearest town, where it was sold.
Just before Christmas it was noticed by
Southern Express official that a great quan
tity of jugs were put into the freight directed
to parties in temperance counties. From
Gritlin to Carrolltou, for instances, then
was a well-known traffic carried on in jugs
filled of course, with whisky. Stewart county
is known as "wet," but all counties around
are local option so that Stewart has to beat
the blame and expense of the dnmkeu
freaks of half a dozen of her neighbor-.
Mr. Cnllorn of Aiken county S. C, filled
an order within a month from Savannah for
10,000 jugs. He also disposed of 3,500 in
Waynesboro, Ga. As those jugs are used
for illict purposes they are neve used more
than once, thus keeping up a demand for a
The new business has attracted the atten
tion of manufacturers, and agents are now
in Swain shore, Statesboro, and other places
establishing depots for a supply of jugs.
Rates have been received from railroads and
wherever a depot can be established within
one day's wagon drive of a
temperance centre it will furnish
liquor to all who need it. There are jug fac
tories in Washington and Clarke counties,
Ga., and several in the northern part of
South Carolina, all of which feel the im
provement in business due to the cause
Temperance men have endeavored in sev
eral cases to find a remedy, but seem to have
been unsuccessful. In one Instance an at
tempt was made to enjoin the delivery of the
jugs by the Southern Express Company, but
the effort fell through, as there was no
authority upon which such action could be
Emerson and His Moonlit World.
None, we think, will deny to Emerson a
singular power of sententious speech, and a
singular purity and keenness of critical in •
sight. To our mind, Emerson was rather an
uncertain oracle, some of whose sayings ring
forever in the mind, while others only judge
there, than either a poet or a philospher.
There was too much strain in him either.
He rose too much on tiptoe for the poet, and
was too broken in his insights for a philoso
pher's steady continuity of thought. . . .
Emerson live 1 in a pale, moonlit world of
identity, in which there was little that was
adapted to tame the fierce-passions and ap
pease the agonizing remorse of human na
ture. He was a voice to the pure intellect
and the more fastidious conscience of men,
not a power of salvation for their wretched
ness. Butehis gnomic wisdom will live long
and startle many generations with its clear
high, thrilling note. The London Spectator.
T'Other is Whirl,.
The N. Y. Sun says: -The most interest
ing question in politics just now is the dev
elopment of the New York delegation to the
Chicago convention. Are the half-breeds
implacably bent on having Arthur's scalp or
is he a good enough half breed for them?
And if that is so is he good enough a stalwart
for the Stalwarts?"