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ST. PAUL NEWS.
TILLERS OF THE SOIL.
Second Day's Session of the
State Farmers' Con
A Proposition for a Separate
Party Not Favorably
Transit Bates Discussed at Consider
able Length—Some Samples.
The Report of the Committee on Resolutions
Presented and Adopted.
A General Interchange of Views on Mat-
ters Concerning Agriculturists.
The convention was "called to order by
Vice-President Furlong, who stated that the
business in order was that unfinished last
evening—the question of appointing a state
central committee. Mr. Furlong proceeded
to say that what the farmers ask is only jus
tice for themselves. They do not
ask Injustice to any other
class of citizens. They do not wish to des
troy or damage the corporations, but they do
wish thai legislation shall be fair and equal
for the good of all, and favoring no class or
interest unequally or unfairly.
Mr. Taylor, of Becker, offered a resolution
is a substitute for the original motion to ap
point a state central committee, to the effect
that it consist of ten members, two from
each congressional district, and those in each
district to repeesent the Democratic and Re
publican parties—that is, each district to
have one Democrat and one Republican on
Upon this resolution Mr. Taylor said be
saw in this plan no damage to either of the
political parties, or to the political affiliations
of any person takiug part in this farmer's
Mr. Charles Cannon said he come to the
convention with a message from -Norman
county in the Red river valley, the substance
of which was a request that the members of
tin* convention should put away bigotry aud
and party prejudice- and form
A FARMERS' PARTY
independent of the old parties, which are
both false to the people and have pooled their
issues to deceive and pluck the people. He
appealed to them -to put away bigotry and
narrow-mindedness and to give the political
parties the go-by.
Mr. Loring spoke of Taylor's resolution as
calculated to take care of political aspirants,
the party workers: and be bad to regret that
in making his motion for a central commit
tee he had not thought of the office-seekers.
Judge Foster commenting upon what he
hud heard outside—that there were office
seekers in this movement—remarked that
he didn't believe such men could get there
through the old parties. The only way they
could hope to sueceed would be iu teaching
the politicians to respect them, by showing
their independence of both party and office.
He charged them to put away selfish ambition
and work for the common good.
Mr. Mattson, of Wilkin, said the people he
represented had had no bilk of Democrat or
Republican. They were aroused by their
grievances and united for action to obtain
Mr. Davis of Kittson said if they made a
new party there would be as much or more
of tri ckery in it as there is now in the old
political parties. He would have them go
into this fight as they went into the war for
the Union, Democrats and Republicans,
shouldrr to shoulder—not partisans, but men
of principle united for one common purpose.
He believed if they would so act they could
control both parties to make them serve the
interests of farmers. Both parties would be
compelled to nominate men who would be
pledged to carry out the reforms demanded
by the united farmers.
Mr. Burdick again expressed his opposition
to the plan of a third party movement.
Mr. Taylor was of opinion that the ap
pointment of a central committee under the
original motion would inaugurate a third
party movement. Hence he had offered a
substitute which would avoid that objec
Mr. Diamond thought that tbe movement
to appoint a central committee before the
standing committees had reported was pre
mature. He would have the convention
mature its views before it proceeded to plan
for currying them out.
Mr. Tiffany, of Carver, said there was
no talk of party among the farmers of this
country. They did not want a third party.
There was no need of one.
Mr. Taylor with a second, modified his
resolution so as merely to order the appoint
ment of a central committee of ten —two
from each congressional district, one from
Mr. Loring suggested that there was a
third party in his district, the prohibition
party, which should be recognized if they
were to recognize political distinctions.
Mr. Kelly, of Freeborn, deprecated the
talk about parties aud contradicted the sug
gestion that farmers could not act for them
selves, but would be outwitted by the politi
cians, He declared the farmers could elect
good men, true to them, if they would try.
Mr. Mattson, for the committee on pro
gramme, presented the report of the com
mittee, which was accepted without disturb
ing though it momentarily interrupted the
RED LAKE RIVER.
By permission Mr. Steenerson, of Polk,
submitted a resolution, as a special report
from the committee on resolutions, in pref
aee to which he said they of Polk county bad
learned there was a strong lumbermen's
lobby in Washington to defeat the fair open
ing of the Indian timber lands in north,
western Minnesota, and they had sent these
resolutions here, asking their adoption, and
that they be immediately sent on to Wash
ington. The report was as follows:
Whereas, There is now pending in con
gress a bill for the opening to settlement of
the agricultural lands of the Red Lake In
dian reservation, iu northern Minnesota,
aud for the sale for the benefit of tbe Indians
residing thereon of the pine timber standing
on portions thereof, by the provisions of
which the interests of the government, the
Indians, and the settlers contiguous to said
reservation on the west, are wisely protected
and provided for, a bill eminently satisfacto
ry to the department of the interior, the In
dians and their friends, and the landless
home-seekers of the country; and especially
in the interests of thousands of new settlers
of the treeless prairies of the Northwest; and
Whereas, The immense combination of
capital and political influence centering in
Minneapolis, St. Paul and Stillwater, and
sometimes known as the "Minneapolis Pine
Land Ring," for the purpose of perpetuating
their monopoly of the pine and lumber inter
ests of the Northwest, and adding to their
accumulated millions yet other millions ex
tracted from the impoverished settlers of the
vast prairies of that region, is now fnlly rep
resented at Washington by their agents,
seeking by nieans other than that of argu
ments or reasons, to defeat said bill, and
Whereas, There arc not less than 50,000
homes in northern Dakota and northwestern
Minnesota to be 6uppllied and built up with
pine lumber, their only available building
material, and which, without the opening of
said reservation, must be shipped to them at
exorbitant rates for transportation, an aver
age distance of 350 miles, while the pine on
this reservation would at a trifling cost float
to their very doors. Now, therefore,
Resolved, That we, the farmers of north
western Minnesota and northern Dakota, re
spectfully petition and appeal to the congress
of the United States [for protection against
the inordinate greed and corrupt intermed
dling of the said "Pine Land Ring," and for
the passage at the earliest practicable day of
said bill for the opening of the Red Lake In
dian reservation,and be it
Resolved, That the foregoing preamble and
appeal be signed by the chairman and secre
tary of this convention,be printed in conven
ient form and furnished to each senator and
representative in congress by the secretary."
[Signed] J. J. Furlong,
Presiding Vice President.
A. K. Teisberg,
The preamble and resolutions were unani
mously adopted by the convention, and
Mr. Burdick offered a resolution as fol
Jiesolved, That it is the Bense of this con
vention that the next legislature of the state
of Minnesota should enter upon a thorough
examination and investigation of the subject
of corporate taxation, and especially of all
railroad properties, including railroad lands,
whether they are bearing a just and equitable
amount of the burden of taxation.
The manuscript copy of Mr. Burdick's
resolution was accompanied by the following
memoranda, credited to Railroad Commis
sioner Baker's report of 1882: "Congres
sional grants, 12,141,527 acres; swamp
lands, by state, 1,811,750; total, 13,968,277
acres, making 4,259 acres of land for each
mile of railway in the state."
NOT PARTY MEN.
Mr. Reynolds, of Rice, said the talk about
parties reminded him of the farmer's big
hog, which had grown from a pet pig to be a
nuisance about the house and doors, until
the farmer said the hog must be killed. Don't
kill our pet pig, said the girls. But he's a
nuisance, he must be killed, said the farmer.
Well, then, father, said the girls, kill
him easy. He didn't believe they
could kill monopoly iniquities easy.
They could never hope to accomplish what
they sought through such men as sat in this
legislature last winter. They could not get
rid of such men by bitting the parties easy.
They, of his county, had tried it; they had a
very good Republican of his county last
winter, who was not good for the farmers,
he would not come here again. For himself
he was no longer a party man, he was about
ready now to vote for General Jackson.
Mr. Muzzy, of Otter Tail, spoke of his at
tachment to the Republican party and his
willingness to give it up if it did not do the
work of the people.
Mr. Howard, of Hennepin, said if the old
or the new parties would do our work, well
enough. But if they will not we must make
a new party. If the Republican party will
carry out our resolutions we can take our
chauces with the majority party. If it will
not we can, with all the fanning communi
ties of the state at our back, take
our chauces with the Democratic,or, perhaps
some other party. In referring to President
Arthur's late message as an instance of poli
ticians' indifference to agricultural interests,
Howard remarked that Arthur's brief discus
sion of the hog export question did not inform
him that the president knew whether the
hog was an agricultural production or a min
Mr. Tiffany, of Carver, thought the object
of the Millers' association was to drive out in
dependent buyers of grain, and described
the operation of the milling-in-transit rates
adopted by tbe railroads for benefit of them
selves and the Millers' association. He
stated that the railroads now have about
$500,000 paid for unused freight by inde
pendent buyers who cannot sell the stuff for
lack of buyers. In one instance on the H. &
D. when a local buyer forced the railroad to
give him a rate to Minneapolis
the outside combination raised the
price of wheat at Norwood long enough to
force that independent buyer out of the mar
ket. Between Minneapolis and Millbank the
rate all winter has been 24 cents a bushel.
Understand, that is the full rate to Chicago.
Now there is ten cents a bushel more than
the outside of honest rates from Millbank to
Minneapolis. It has amounted this year to
a loss of $100,000 to the farmers of Grant
county, Dakota —and enough in some per
sonal instances to ruin farmers who are not
weU established. The Millers' association is a
combination to rob the farmers of the little
profit they can make on raising wheat. We
must have these railroad companies, but we
want harmony and justice, and tbe only way
is to enact just laws. The railroads must
make concessions. The farmers would make
concessions if they had anything left to give.
This is the starting point; tbe question now
is whether the these corporations or the peo
ple are soverergn in this state of Minnesota.
CENTRAL COMMITTEE AGAIN.
Mr. Taylor advocated his resolution as
calculated to eliminate party divisions from
this movement without organizing a new or
Mr. Converse would accept the substitute
if he could see that it improved the situation.
He preferred to have fifteen members of the
committee instead of ten.
Mr. Mattson offered a resolution request
ing that it be referred the committee on res
olutions. It declares that while farmers de
mand justice in legislation and will
accept nothing less they grant
and will be glad to have equal justice for all
other interests. So referred.
Mr. Davis of 'Kittson said in his section
they could not raise corn or pork successful
ly. They must raise wheat and depend on
that crop. They were induced to go there by
the railroad company under false promises
as to transportation facilities. They are now
VERT HIGH FREIGHT RATES
both ways. The company has established an
elevator monopoly which extorts two cents
a bushel if farmers wish to ship themselves.
At one station instanced, before
there was an elevator there (an institution
which did not cost over $2,000) they sold to
Sterrett & Hill at car doors and never had
but one grade, No. 1 hard. Since then with
equally good crops the grain has been graded
down to No. 2 and even lower. In his own
case be had saved $200 by shipping his own
grain by car loads to the mills, where it was
accepted as No. 1 bard. The farmers of his
country had been robbed of at least twenty
cents a bushel. Tliey caunot stand it. It has
got to this pass, that the
present league of the railroad and
elevator companies must be broken,
or the Red River valley farmers must choose
between living along in a beggarly condition
or leaving the valley. There was no politics
about this; it was a pressing grievance which
demanded a remedy at once.
Mr. Palmer of Marshsll told of the exper
ience of himself and associates in 1879, when
they were forced to sell at 75 cents, after
a verbal agreement with the Sterrett ware
house to pay them the highest price they
could obtain, although they were offered by
other parties 79 cents. Next
year Palmer and associates
ran a warehouse and bought up the wheat at
fair prices. Next year (81) the elevator coin -
aany paid fair rates. In 'S3 because Palmer
and associates would not rent their ware
house to the Pillsberry elevator company the
railroad company took up their side track.
The people of his neighborhood have lost
$20,000 on their last crop by the present ele
vator monopoly. But the farmers of the
country are now organized and ready for bus
iness. It makes no difference to them
about a state committee for they
are already organized. No man
can be elected in that section who will not
stund on the platform of this convention.
Mr. Palmer submitted a number of receipted
all rail freight bills from New York, show
ing charges as follows:
New York St. Paul New York St. Paul
to to to to
St. Paul. Warren. St. Paul. Warren.
$ 1.87 $ 3.20 $13.40 $17.11
3.84 8.69 3.40 7.95
10.95 81.54 1.74 3.70
.83 1.19 2.00 7.84
5.55 15.98 3.74 9.63
3.72 10.16 5.20 11.89
16.00 32.80 4.59 11.63
1.05 2.46 1.20 5.47
2.91 8.15 25.00 65.00
2.70 6.84 .75 2.46
Mr. Palmer also told of an English colony
lately arrived in this county whose first
freight bill showed a charge from St. Paul to
Warren one-quarter more than the railway
charge on the same goods from New York to
St. Paul. These colonists are endeavoring
to obtain an assurance from the railway
managers that the injustice will not be con
tinued, and if they cannot obtain that as
surance they will abandon the lands they
have contracted for and settle elsewhere.
Mr. Diamond said southern Minnesota
farmers had learned they could not depend
on wheat. They had hogs and cows, and
were starting in on dairy products. At Man-
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, THUKSDAY MOK!S rING, MARCH 20, 1884.
kato they were not getting the value of their
wheat. The farmers oi Blue Earth bad lost
the entire amount of their county tax be
cause of the lack of free competition in
UNCLE SAM THE MAN.
Mr. Cheney, of Swift, thought this was
like a Methodist revival, but harder to get a
chance to talk than in a Methodist revival.
He sold bis first wheat crop in 1868, at Ben
son for 50 cents a bushel. Next year they
took out four pounds a bushel for cockle. In
1870 a blizzard delayed his threshing
till next spring. The elevator proprietor
condemned his wheat and the railroad
wouldn't let him have a car to ship it else
where. In '82 he learned the two elevators
had formed a combination, not to bid against
each other and signalled by raising fingers to
tell each other how they had graded a load of
wheat with which a farmer was going from
one elevator to the other. In conclusion of
description of his experiences, he said: This
is the way certain combinations of
men "are oppressing producers from Maine
to California. What are we going to do
about it? It is said we must break up these
combinations, but how? . We cannot run
these railroads unless we own them, and we
cannot buy them. His programme was and
he believed it was coming to pass, to put all
these monopolies into one grand one, owned
and controlled by Uncle Sam. Then we
could all help manage them and obtain equal
rates and honest grades. That was the only
way, he thought, the combinations against
the people could be put down.
Mr. McErven, of Big Stone repeated that
we must have these corporations but also
redress of our grievances. The farmers of
the western part of the state were ready for
action. They looked for redress through the
ballot box; and they wanted organization.
Mr. Stordock, of Wilbur, moved that the
chair appoint a committee of five to nomin
ate a state central committee of fifteen, two
from each congressional district and five at
Recess to 2 p. m.
Considerably past the hour named at the
noon adjournment Vice President Furlong
called the convention to order, and an
nounced an address by
PROF. C. L. WniTNEV,
of Muskegon, Michigan, who was introduced
by Mr. Burdick, and proceeded to speak of
the importance of organization or association
basing his argument upon the dependence of
each man upon his fellows and of any class
upon all others, and upon their relative du
ties and responsibilities towards each
other. In tbe course of his argument he de
scribed cultivation of the soil as the ordained
and ever-existing foundation of wealth—the
source of commerce and the support of
manufactures—or, as the Romans expressed
it, the mother of arts. The mines, fisheries
and forests of the world produce altogether
only a portion of tbe raw materials used by
the world; the farmers produce in money
value four and a half times as much as all
the mines, fisheries and forests. Yet in
some instances we find the mine owners
claiming special place in legis
lation, like the iron miners
of Pennsylvania, whose whole yearly product
amounts to 810,000,000 less than the hay
product of that one state. The gold product
of the whole country was $97,000,000 last
year; but we sent out of the couutry $184,
000,000 for purchase of sugar, every pound of
which could be produced on our own soil if
agriculture was properly stimulated. Let our
government offer $100,000,000, following the
example of the French government, to pro
mote the home production of sugar, and how
long would it be before our farmers would
produce more sugar than all the country
The farming capital of the whole country—
or money invested in farming—amounts to
$121,005,000,000, as against a total invest
ment of about 9,000,000,000 in all other pro
ductive industries. In manufactures the in
vestment is $2,790,000,000; the raw material
used yearly costs $3,396,000,000; and the an
nual product is $5,369,000,000. The
farming investment of $121,005,000,
000 produces annuallv $2,219,000,000.
Other comparisons were made by the speaker
with railroads, milling, etc., to show that the
farmers have cause to take their rightful po
sition for promotion of their industries.
Brain power, labor and capital employed in
the work of the world should all be fairly re
munerated. We farmers have twenty times
the capital; all other industries are organized
for protection of their capital; should not far
mers organize ? We produce four
and a half times the raw material;
aU other producers of raw material
seek to protect the value of their products;
should not farmers do the same? Ffty-five
per cent, of the people of the country are
employed in agriculture; are we not most of
all interested in the protection of labor? in
requiring that our labor shall be fairly re
munerated? In the use of brain power, the
speaker quoted Henry Ward Beecher as au
thority for saying that successful farming
required as much of brain power as any
occupation or profession; and deduced
that farmers are interested in
seeing brain work fairly remunerated. Yet
he added that the first duty of cultivators, as
they regarded themselves of more impor
tance than their farms, was to cultivate
themselves. In discussing the question
the speaker concluded that the question was
not so much as the inequalities, which come
from men avoiding their just taxes as it; is
as to whether the taxes collected are pro
perly expended for public and just puo
In this country, theoretically, majorities
rule. Farmers are in the majority, but they
do not rule, because they let others rule them.
They cannot succeed in righting their rela
tions with other industries until they resolve
to think and act for themselves. The citi
zens vote. The use of the ballot is not right
ly appreciated. Let none for light cause, or
for personal prejudices, or enmity, or ambi
tion's sake, cast a vote which may accuse
him before the bar of God. The professor
described himself as an independ
ent scratcher—he scratched off all
the rogues and tried to make up a ticket of
men who would do their duty. You hire a
man to take care of your pigs and you go
every day to see how he does his work. You
hire another to teach your children and you
never go near him. You send a man to the
legislature and never look to see what sort of
a representative be is. Who are these peo
ple who come here or go to Washington to
represent us? They are the men we em
ploy to represent us all. to think
for all . of us. The men you
want are those who will represent
your principles and your interests. I want
some one to represent my interests who is
identified with them. Were I a miller, or
railroad man, I would want a miller or rail
road man, or one identified with milling or
rialroading to represent me. So as a farm
Mr. Kelly, of Freeborn county,
here moved irregularity to the
floor in front of the speaker, and ut
tered his protest against some re
marks by Prof. Whitney, which
had seemed to him to savor of
prohibition tendencies. Mr. Kelly also pro
tested against one man occupying all the
afternoon. A scene of confusion followed.
Amid calls to order some one shouted "Put
him out!" to which Mr. Kelly responded
rather fiercely, "Put me out, will you?
Wont you try it? I'll bet you don't!"
Threats were made to call a policeman when
Mr. Kelly again tried to take the floor, but
his acquaintances finally informed
him of the situation"—that Prof.
Whitney had been invited to
address the convention —and Mr. Kelly.re
sumed his seat.
Prof. Whitney, after carrying out his
argument that farmers should be represented
by farmers or persons identified with farm
ing interests, proceeded to speak of farmers
as responsible for failures and errors of legis
lation and government. Seventy-five per
cent of the population of the country, he
said, is outside of the cities and
towns; then they should use
their power. They should organize.
The whole household of the farmer should
have the benefit of the organization. The
first object of the organization should be per
sonal improvement, its second object the
promotion of farmers' interests. You are
here to-day to set the ball in motion in that
direction. Remember, however, the rights
of others; remember that every infraction
upon the rights of one class must sooner or
later bring a reaction which will most harm
those who have most profited by the wrong.
He wondered, indeed, that the farmers of
this state have not before this risen in their
might to right their wrongs.
After farmer have elected their represen
tatives, would it do any harm to write to the
faithful to encourage them in well-doing to
the weak-kneed to strengthen them and to
the unfaithful to remind them of their prom
ises and of what the voters expected of them?
In illustration the speaker told of a bill which
had gone up from Michigan to the house of
congress, which will pass the house
he says, but have more oppotion in the
senate. Ten thousand pergonal letters will
go from Michagan to senators, in favor of
that bill, and every letter writer will repre
sent voters who will not let go again to the
senate, by aid of their votes, any man who
opposes that bill. -
Throughout the professor profusely illus
trated his subjects and often spoke eloquent
ly as well as convincingly. At close of his
address he was warmly applauded and a ris
ing vote of thanks was given.
The report ofthe committee on resolutions
was then presented by Mr. Howard of Blue
Earth, chairman of the committee, and read
by Dr. Collins of Dakota. He first remarked
that they might not be found to cover all the
points hitherto discussed but were as the com
mittee thought sufficient for a present plat
form. The latter remarked that they were
not a fourth-of-July production, but might
be regarded as in some sense a declaration
of independence. The report was as follows:
Whereas, Great burdens have been im
posed upon the several industries of agri
culture, commerce and manufacturing by
usurped powers of monopolies, and the said
abuses have assumed proportions which
threaten the future prosperity of our new
n orth we st. Therefore be it resolved:
1. That thorough organization of the
farmers, trades and commercial industries
of the New Northwest is necessary for the
protection of the industries of the many as
against usurped privileges of the few, and
to that end immediate systematic organiza
tion is urgently recommeuded by this con
2. That the usurped control and regulation
of minimum capacity of elevators by railroad
corporations is destructive of independent
competition in the purchase of grain and such
usurped control should be abolished by the
enactment of stringent laws.
3. That by reason of gross Irregularities in
the grading and weighing of wheat, now in
practice throughout the northwest, it is here
by demanded of the legislatures of Minnesota
and Dakota that comprehensive, practical
laws be enacted for the government of grad
ing and weighing of grain, and to that end a
law similar to that of the state of Illinois
governing warehouses, elevators and rail
roads, is hereby recommended to the said
4. That upon unrestricted through trans
portation of wheat to eastern markets rests
the possibility of open, independent compe
tition in the grain market, and the future
prosperity of agricultural and commercial in
dustries of our country demands of railroad
corporations liberal concessions to that end.
5. That existing traffic rates now imposed
by railroad corporations throughout the new
northwest an exorbitant, oppressive and un
reasonable, and by reason of the interests of
said railroad corporations being identical
with those of the citizens of the couutry tra
versed by the said roads, it is demanded
that liberal reduction be made in the tariff
rates of said road3 without further or unrea
6. That the several industries of agricul
ture and commerce demands the enactment
of a law by the national congress governing
and regulating inter-state commerce—the
same to be put in operation without unreason
7. That any system of granting and ac
cepting free passes by and of a railroad and
other transportation companies, being noth
ing more nor less than extensive systematic
bribery in the interest of monopoly as against
public duty and policy, the same should be
abolished by state and national legislation.
8. That the adulteration of food, medicines
and butter in the form of manuiactured oleo
margarine and similar brands, is destructive
to health and injurious to legitimate in
dustries, and should be prohibited by law.
9. That we deem the improvement of the
Minnesota river to and through Big Stone
lake, Lake Traverse and tbe Red River by
slackwater navigation, to be of vast import
ance to the people of Minnesota and Dakota,
as it will open up a free water route for their
products and commodities, and we ask our
representatives in congress to work and use
their utmost exertions to secure the neces
sary appropriations for the extension of said
10. That in the opinion of this con
vention, the letting out of convict
and prison labor .is • antagonistic,
unwise and unjust to the rightf of mechanics
and artisans, and should be abolished by the
11. That this convention recognizes the
several agricultural and commercial associa
tions existing throughout the northwest, as
important factors in securing relief from ex
isting burdensome abuses, and it is hereby
urgently recommended that the said several
associations co-operate in securing as their
representatives for all municipal, county,
state and national governments the election
of men who shall be pledged to fidelity, and
the enactment of equal and just laws for the
several industries of our government, and
that such men shall be selected by reason of
their known uncorrupted and uncorruptible
Whereas, The present system of national
taxation by the operation of a protective
tariff, bears heavily and unjustly upon the
farming and laboring classes of the north
west, by enabling the manufacturers to de
mand higher prices for their goods, thus
transferring the wealth of the west into the
pockets of the eastern monopolist, thus un
justly taxing the people of the west; and
Whereas, The revenue of the present
tariff exceeds the legitimate expenditure of
the government, accumulating hundreds of
millions of dollars surplus in the treasury, to
be stolen by scheming rings of politicians,
Therefore be it
Resolved, That we insist on our represen
tatives in congress using their influence and
votes to lower the present existing tariff as
low as possible for the support of the govern
(Signed.) H. C. Howard, Chairman.
Sam P. Brown, Secretary.
Mr. Bocn of Otter Tail moved to adopt the
report. Mr. Stoddard moved to amend to
accept tbe report and (the chair said) dis
charge the committee. Dr. Collins objected
to discharging a standing committee aud
Mr. Stoddard explained that he had been
misunderstood; he had not moved to dis
charge the committee, Mr. B^en accepted
the amendment and the report wes received.
RAILROADS AND TRANSPORTATION.
Under suspension of rules, for the pur
pose of placing it under discussion with the
report of the committee on resolutions. Mr.
Brandt of Brown, chairman ofthe committee
on railroads and transportation present its
report as follows:
"The railroad and transportion committee
beg leave to submit the following report and
ask for its adoption :
Whereas, our present railroad and ware
house laws are known to be defective and
do not give officers acting under them proper
"Jfe tt Resolved, That thfs convention re
commend that the next legsilature of the
state of Minnesota are hereby requested to
pass a railroad and warehouse law similar to
the one in force in the states of Massechu
setts and Illinois.
"2. Resolved, That the members of this
convention go home to their respective dis
tricts and use all the influences in their pow
er to elect members of the next legislature
who will pledge themselves to the support of
of such legislation.
"3. And Whereas, The members of the
state senate of Minnesota were chosen for
four years, and those who constituted the last
state senate will form the next.
11 Be it Resolved, That the members of this
convention, before the meeting of the
next senate, shall use their best
efforts with the present senators for their in
fluence and co-operation in this matter; and
that by petitions and resolutions from their
respective towns and counties, they instruct
the members of the present senate to work
for the passage of such a law.
"4. Resolved, that it is the desire of this
convention that congress pass the necessarv
laws regulating inter-state commerce.
Charles C. Brandt, Chairman,
D. C. Smith, Secretary,
This report was formally accepted and
then Mr. Diamond proposed to have the
report of the committee on grading and eb>
vators also before the convention.
GRADING ANI> ELEVATORS.
The rule being again suspended Mr.
Palmer, of Marshall, chairman, presented
the report of the committee on which grad
ing and elevating as follows:
"We find, after thoroughly investigating
the present system of wheat grading, that it
is a farce and a cheat, because it does not ex
press the true value of wheat, and enriches
the few to the detriment of the many.
"The right usurped by the railroads to es
tablish minimum capacity and kind of equip
ment of elevators is contrary to public poli
cy, calculated to destroy independent com
petition in the grain market.
"We recommend a free and open market
for our products and that railroads shall re
ceive and deliver such products to any sta
tion which the shipper may desire on the
Une of their roads."
"We recommend a state inspector ap
pointed by tho supreme court, or by our gov
ernor, to regulate a system of gradation of
the true value of wheat ascertained by chemi
"We recommend and do believe the only
way to redress these grievances is by the leg
H. G. Palmer, Chairman,
Geo. W. Haight, Secretary,"
This report was favorably received.
. MICHIGAN EXAMPLES.
Prof. Whitney, at suggestion of Mr. Hague
of Blue Earth, was requested to explain a
system of ascertaining the value of wheat by
chemical process. In Michigan, the profes
sor explained, they grew winter wheat. In
'75 and '76 they" had a new variety [the
Clawson] which grew rankly and produced a
great yield. In '76 they had an enormous
crop. Just before it came into market the
Millers' association met and resolved that
it was an inferior variety of wheat. It was
learned that their reasons were
that they had not the strength,
to carry really inferior varieties of wheat from
the west, which the Michigan millers were
then using with their Michigan winter wheat.
The speaker then described chemical and
practical experiments by which the real value
of the wheat was determined, and the people
and consumers convinced of it, among which
was the discovery that the Clawson wheat
flour did not require the hard kneading the
bread-maker had been accustomed to. The
next year the millers paid
full price and alowed . best grade
for the Clawson wheat, saying then it had
The professor continued, at suggestion of
Mr. Burdick, to explain how Michigan far
mers detected and exposed false weights at
elevators by having their load carefully
weighed in presence of witnesses before de
livering to the elevators, Six or seven ele
vator men were arrested and on trial, after a
part of tbe evidence was in, they plead guil
ty, Two or three were let of with a short
sentence to the house of correction and the
others were sent to prison. One
of these convicts had a grand beard of which
he and his family were proud, and a petition
to the warden was sent up from Adrian ask
ing that that beard be spared. It was left
on for a few days, until one of the prison
inspectors came in, saw the violation of the
prison orders, and ordered the beard to be
Prof. Geo. W. Haight, by request, read
the petition presented to the legislature last
winter, asking that provision be made for
chemical grading of wheat, so
far as relates the analysis made by Dr. Noyes
at the State University at Minnesota, of Nos.
1, 2 and 3 wheat, as graded by the rules of
the Minneapolis board of trade. The chemi
cal difference in these grades is less than one
in a hundred, making the values of 1, 2 and
3 appear practically the same for feed pur
poses. Prof. Haight remarked that it was a
new idea to grade wheat by chemical analy
sis. But he held that a law should be enact
ed providing that the value of wheat
for feed purposes should be
determined by disinterested and scientific
During a long discussion of the order of
action on the three reports of the committees,
Mr. Reynolds called attention to the omission
of any reference to the matter of tolls taken
by millers, as before spoken of by him, and
said that the taking of excessive tolls was a
great wrong to many farmers.
Pending a motion to defer action on the
committee reports till morning a reces9Was
taken to 7 p. m.
After the convention was called to order
for the night session, Mr. Palmer moved as
a substitute for all pending motions for ap
pointment of a central committee, that a
committee of fifteen, three from each con
gressional district, be appointed to
extend the work of organizing
associations among farmers. After con
siderable discussion by various members, Mr.
Boe moved to amend by making the com
mittee one from each county.
Mr. Furlong would prefer a committee of
five from each congressional district.
Mr. Burdick suggested it would be better
to have one from each legislative district.
THE STATE CONVENTION.
Finally it was voted to have the committee
consist of five members from each congres
sional district, and a recess was then bad for
selection of the committee by districts. The
several districts after the recess reported as
First District—S. P. Spragne, of Fillmore
county, John Frank, of Mower, Charles G. John
son, of Freeborn, Wm. Carrier, of Houston, and
G. W. Harrington, of Wabashaw.
Second District—L. Aldrich of Murray county,
Charles C. Brandt of Brown, H. C. Howard of
Blue Earth, J. A. Lattimore of Faribault and
Daniel Murphy of Waseca.
Third District—John Kohr of Chippewa
county, Ulysses Tanner of Goodhue, R. K.
Guiteun. of Dakota, A. W. Tiffany of Carver and
Geo. W. Day of McLeod.
Fourth District—Only three delegates from
this district being present last evening, the
selection of committeemen was postponed till to
Fifth District—A. M. Burdick, of Clay county:
John P. Monroe, of Otter Tail: E. N. Davis, of
Kittson; E. K. Jellnm, of Becker, and Carring
ton Phelps, of Stephens.
The selections by districts were approved
by the convention and it was agreed that
each district committee may select a chair
man for the district and that the whole com
mittee shall select a chairman for the state,
so that the whole committee will constitute a
state committee and also five congressional
district committees. A recess was accord
ingly held for selection of chairman and
secretaries of the state committee, resulting
in the choice of A. W. Tiffany, of Carver, as
chairman, J. J. Furlong, of Mower, as sec
retary, and G. W. Haigh, of Blue Earth, as
Dr. Collins having raised a question as to
the best variety of wheat, Mr. Jump, of Otter
Tail said with his neighbors the hard varieties
were preferred. SeotchF yfe was what they
preferred. He understood that the Saskat
chewan wheat now being introduced was a
Mr. Converse, of Becker, thought
tho Saskatchewan was a different
variety from the common Scotch Fyfe and
told of a small experimental sowing in his
country in which the Sashcatchawan pro
duced larger and No. 1 hard.
Mr. Furlong, of Mower said the conclusion
in his part of the state was that the right
kind of seed was horses, cattle and sheep.
He described the results of various varietise
of wheat in their section of the state,
all finally resulting in failure, and said at
best the people of the northwest would come
to the same experience and find that stock
growing would have to take the place of
Two of the delegates from McLeod county
told of wheat being bought in their county
to take north for seed. One of them
said it was drawn two hundred
miles north for two cents, while the compa
nv charged nine cents for hauling the same
kind of wheat 100 miles to the mills at Min
Mr. Palmer told of the Millers' association
introducing that wheat in the Red river val
ley as Saskatchewan wheat, and said he now
knew where it came from.
A STATE ADDRESS.
At the close of the seed-wheat tilk, after
some discussion, the chair was authorized to
appoint a committee of three to prepare an
address to the people of the state of Minne
sota, and the chair appointed Dr. Collins, of
Grand Forks, A. M. Burdick, of Clay coun
ty, and J. J. Furlong, of Mower county.
It was announced that the state committee
would meet in the hall at S:30 this morning.
Mr. Phelps of Stevens, thought the wheat
raising climate was steadily moving north
west. Fyfe wheat in this county was failing,
producing s mall yields, and theirlblue stems
was graded low. They must soon go to
'stock raising and he had never seen a region
where stock growing could be
successfully followed than in Minnesota.
As an example he spoke of a common blood
steer, which moderately fed on his farm,
having no special care, at three years and
three months, weighed 1,520 pounds and
dressed 920 pounds. That was a product no
miller could grade No. 3.
Judge Foster spoke of his experience
as a wheat raiser for thirty-six
years in the Kinnickinnic valley,
twenty-six miles from St. Paul. He
had told young farmers located on lands not
well.supplied with lime that their wheat rais
ing would play out in five years. In his sec
tion there was an abundance of magnesian
limestone, but after he had raised about
twenty crops there was a falling off in the
berry. The yield had dropped from twenty
five bushels to fifteen bushels an acre.
Then he put on clover and turned under the
clover sod, whic gave back the body to the
straw and increased tbe berry
a little. He now puts
on lime and clover and has brought his yield
back to twenty-five bushels, but raises blue
stem, not hard wheat as previously. He had
found that the value of his wheat was deter
mined in the Glasgow market. Millers of
his place (River Falls) had shown him reports
of bakers' tests in Glasgow which determined
the value of their flour in that market when
they were in competition with Miuneapols
millers. They cannot compete with the
latter and use the blue stem wheat. Though
the quality of the flour is about the same, the
blue stem will not make as many loaves of
bread as the Fyfe. The Glasgow bakers and
flour merchants pay for the flour according to
the number of loaves it will make per barrel.
Hence the River Falls millers, who can use
only about oue-third of blue stem
wheat to two-thirds of hard Fyfe,
are as much interested as you in
freeing the wheat trade of Minnesota from
monopoly of the Millers' association. In ans
wer to questions Judge Foster stated that he
raised last year about ten bushels more per
acre of Blue Stem than the same kind of
land raised of hard wheat. The millers at
his place paid 95c cents for Fyfe and 83 cents
for Blue Stem. But he was, at request of the
millers, to try the Fyfe again
this year on twenty acres which he
had sowed to clover with lime,
and on which he had turned under the sod
last fall. It would not do lie said, to turn
under a growth of clover, for that soured the
land: he ouly turned under the roots or sod,
after feeding down the growth.
Mr. Scriber of Clay county described on re
quest his success in stock growing iu
Clay county, and the method of curing hay
without bleaching it,as followed by himself and
neighbors, from which green or unbleached
hay they had had the best results in milk and
cream. He also related his recollections of
milking experiences in Pennsylvania, in
former years, when the most northern wheat
he could get came from southern Minnesota,
and he still believed that was the best wheat
ever raised south of the Red river valley.
After Mr. Seriber concluded, the conven
tion adjourned to 9 a. m. to-day.
The following delegates additional to
those reported the first day were in attend
From Blue Earth county—John Diamond, Geo.
W. Haigh and II. E. Harvard.
Freeborn—Charles G. Johnsrud, P. Kelly.
Kittson—E. N. Davis.
Traverse—Wm. J. Smith, C. P. Sargent, C. J.
Hennepin—.Tames H. Howe, John T. Blaisdell.
Rice —S. Reynolds.
Polk—It. H. Abraham.
Chippewa— II. K. Woodworth.
Polk County, corrected list—II. Steenerson,
Paul C. Slctten, B. Sampson, R. Reynolds, A. E.
Cooke, C. C. I'tzinger, K. Abraras.
Iiucklin's Arnica Salve.
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Ulcers, Salt Rheum,'Fever Sores, Cancers, Piles,
Chilblains, Corns, Tetter, Chapped Hands and
all Skin Eruptions, guaranteed to cure in every
instance, or money refunded; 95 cents per box.
For sale by Lambie & Bethune.
State of Minnesota vs. Louis Weingartner;
receiving stolen goods; verdict of guilty, but
recommended to mercy of court.
State of Minnesota vs. Martin Gninderson;
manslaughter; continued to next term.
State of Minnesota vs. James Renehine;
rape; continued to next term.
State of Minnesota vs. Robert Krager and
Thomas Connelly; larceny; decided to be
continued to next term on account of ab
sence of counsel for defense; but afterward
reconsidered and will be taken up if there is
time to try the present week.
State.of Minnesota vs. Dennis Sullivan;
assault with attempt to commit rape; eoutiu
ued on account of absence of council to next
State of Minnesota vs. Charles Blomstrom;
forging an order; demurrer made te indict
ment, plea for dismissal denied and contin
ued to next term; as also another case against
a prisoner for forging a cheek.
Adjourned to 10 a. m. to-day.
[Before Judge Brill. |
Second National Bank of St. Paul vs. I.
V. D. Heard; argued and submitted.
A. Pugh vs. A. R. Keifer; continued to
Adjourned to 10 a. m. to-day.
ORDERS AND DECISIONS.
[Before Jndge Simons.]
Corlies. Chapman <fc Drake against Man-
Ann Lemon: action to recover of defendant
by lien balance due the plaintiffs by a con
tractor for building material who built house
for defendant; decision that plaintiffs are
not entitled to relief and that defendant is
entitled to Judgment that action be dis
missed and for costs therein.
CMames Barrie vs. Ed De Graff; judgment
of $71.55 and $3.15 in costs in garnishee
proceedings against Northern Pacific railroad.
By Wm. D. Cornish against William
Garcelon for amount of $250 note and in
terest at 10 percent, from Feb. 27, 1882.
I Before Judge McCrorty. |
Estate of Jane Turnbull, deceased; ac
count and petition of administration filed;
bearing April 15, at 10 a. in.
Estate of James W. Turnbull, deceased;
same as above.
Estate of Peter Rusche, deceased; same as
IBefore Judsre Burr. |
W. Ervine and R. Burns, vagrancy; sent
out of town.
John Carlson, drunkenness; committed
for ten days.
Dave Hoar, same; sent out of town.
Joseph Marshall, forgery; continued to the
D. Daly, assault; committed for fifteen
Merrill,Sablgaard & Thwing, selling liquor
without a license; continued to the 31st.
Official Publication of Resolution passed
by the Common Council of tbe City of St.
Taul, March 4, 1884.
By Aid. Van Slyke—
Resolved, That the vote by which this coun
cil adopted the report of the Board of Public
Works, dated January 25, 1884, changing tbe
grade on Mississippi street,from Pennsylvania
avenue to Minnehaha street, (or the souther
ly line of the St. Paul, M. & M. Railway right
of way) be rescinded and that the City Clerk
be instructed to withdraw the advertisement
for such change, now being published ia the
official paper of this city.
Yeas—Aid. Fischer, Otis, Johnson, Van
Slyke, Starkey, Mr. President—6.
Nays—Aid. Dowlan, Smith—2.
Approved March 5, 1884.
President of Council.
Thomas A. Prendergast, City Clerk.
Meeting of the Executive Com
mittee ofthe Minnesota Agri
Owatonna Designated as tne PIace
for the Fair of 188k
Last evening the board of managers of the
State Agricultural society held a meeting at
the Metropolitan for the purpose of receiving
bids or propositions for the location of the
state fair for the present year.
On the roll being called the following
members answered to their names: James
MvIIench, James Harris, Adam Bohland,
C. A. DeGraff, Clark Chambers.
Col. Clark Thompson explained that sev
eral weeks ago a meeting of the committee
was to have been held to consider th" matter
of locating the state fair, but no action waa
taken and he supposed that It would be ±
proper time then to consider the subject. He
called upon the committee to state wh.it. if
anything, had been done.
N. P. Clark In response stated that tho
committee had had several meetings, and
had consulted with the people of St. Paul and
.Minneapolis as to selecting a place between
the two cities. Ile had no doubt this could
be accomplished, but it would require time
The president stated that he had under
stood that there were several propositions to
be made, and called for their submission.
Owatonna presented one in writing.
II. A. Castle said that St. Paul hud consid
ered ttu* 111 titer of making a proposition but
that she did not want to antagonize Owaton
na. St. Paul sympathized deeply with that
city on account of the misfortune eau- 1 last
year by the cyclone and had contributed
something to aid the people of that city.
There was still another matter, the city of
St. Paul as a matter of fact had no ground
to offer, but it was understood that Commo
dore Kittson had authorized a proposition to
be made in regard to his grounds at Midway.
If this was so, and such an offer Is made,
St. Paul would be prepared t.) make a bid.
At that moment C. A. DeGraff came into
the room, and the president asked him if he
had anything to say in regard to Mr. Kittson's
offer. ".Mr. DeGraff stated that he bad a
verbal proposition, and ut the requesi of the
president he reduced it to writing. That
being done, .Mr. Castle, on behalf of St. Paul,
then mad'* a proposition i:i writing.
A word rOB OWATONK v.
The president called fur other bids, and)
especially fr>*in Minneapolis, but no othera
were received, though one gentleman began
to state that he thought Minneapolis intend*
ed to make an offer, but he was in forme.I
that if there was to be a proposition it. must
be in writing. He did not offer out in
ABOUT OWATONN *..
Mr. Charles CrandaU, of Owatonna, ar*«
jjued tbe Owatonna Bide of the question. II.>
recapitulated tie- the troubles and trial.- that
tbe people of that town pass,., 1 through last
year* in order to get the fair, and returned,
thanks for the financial aid furnished bj St.
Paul at that time. He urged several reasons
why the fair this year should be held at Owa
tonna. Of course, if a new policy Is to be
adopted, and fair grounds are to be secured
between the two eitie.-, Owutonna could not
object to such an arrangement, but if it is to
go to any city or town he considered that
Owatonna was entitled to it this year.
N. P. Clark, did not appear to represent
Hennepin county In- said, but would relate
what he knew about the action of the people
of Minneapolis. They bud held a
meeting he understood and were intend
ing to make a proposition, but none of
them seems to be here now to say what they
will do. He thought Midway was too close to
St. Paul to suit the people <>f Minneapolis.
The latter city would demand that the
grounds that were to be used as union
grounds, should be further away mJjta St.
Pan! and nearer Minneapolis, at least mid-.
way between the two cities. From wliat b<i
heard Mr. Lowery say be had no doubt
Minneapolis intended to put in a bid.
As there were no more bids a motion was
made that when the board adjourn it adjourn
till 2 p. in. to-day (Thursday), so astogivr
Minneapolis another opportunity to present
and put in a bid.
.Mr. ('. A. DeGraff stated that Mr. Thomp
son and he were up to Minneapolis a few
days Bgo and talked the whole matter of sub
mitting proposals, and that the Minneapolis
people promised to send in one, but they
have not 'done so. He could not see any
propriety in waiting for them any longer.
On a vote being taken on the proposition
to adjourn till 2 p. m. to-day it was lost.
There wen* therefore onrj two propositions
before the board, the one from St. Paul and
the other from Owatonna. These the board
did not make public but reserved them to !..*
considered. The proposition from Owatonna
is understood to be an offer of the grounds
and buildings now in that city, while the
one from St. Paul is an offer of the Midway
irrounds, and the construction of such build
ings upon these grounds us may be deemed
This concluding the business of the board
outsiders wen* requested to leave and give
the board an opportunity to consider the bids
in private, and all outsiders accordingly
The deliberations of the board of managers
were continued till a late hour and the whole
subject in all its bearings was talked over,
and at last the conclusion was reached, that
the fair ought to go to Owatonna, and it was
so decided. It was thought that Inasmuch
as there were not enough buildings on tie:
Midway grounds, that it would not pay to put
up temporary buildings just fur one year and
besides, all things considered the agricultu
ral interests of the state would probably bo
best served by holding the fair in Owatonna.
This being the opinion ofthe members, then:
was of course, no difficulty whatever in
reaching a conclusion.
THANKS TO COMMODORE KITTSON'.
Tn this connection Mr. Clark Chambers
offered the following,which was unanimous
ly adopted :
Resohed, That tbe Minnesota State Agri
cultural Society hereby tender their thanks to
Commodore Norman W. Kittson, of St.
Paul, for the generous tender of his beauti
ful grounds free to this society, and that ire
wish to give expression to <>ur high apprecia
tion of his public spirit exhibited in this
Tin; pi;i:m!im i.i-t.
The matter of revising the premium list
was considered at considerable length and
finally it was referred to Clark Chambers and
the secretary Mr. Judson to revise the same.
The board then adjourned to meet this
morning at 9 o'clock.
All parties on Thirteenth street, between
Jackson and Broadway, who are Interested in
the matter of a street railway track on that
street, arc requested to meet the committee
on streets at the council chamber at 7 :'M
o'clock Friday evening.
GERM an reMEOI
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