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A STEP BACKWARDS.
Chicago Operators Experience
a Surprise in the
Anxiety to Realize Forces Prices
Down in tin* Face of Fav
Sunday's Storm, Continental Export
Demand and New York Advices
The Wheat Market Shows the Heaviest De
cline, with Corn Following Close at
The Entire Absence of Strength in Shares
the Oue Characteristic of Wall
d Telegram to the Globe.J
Chicago, April21.—The fully of too posi
tively predicting the course of the market in
time.-, like these was exemplified on 'change
to-day, the course of prices proving a com
plete surprise to all classes of operators. The
grain markets w< re active, the opening be
ing marked by a sharp advance, which was at
once followed by weakness and a downward
tendency In prices which continued, with
slight fluctuations, almost from the opening
to the close of the regular session.
The decline was more surprising
from tbe fact that the New York
markets opened higher, foreign ad
vices reported strong, markets in England
and quotations better, and that there was
really little of an encouraging feature in -the
character of the weather, which, although
bright, was raw and not especially encourag
ing ior agriculture, but the crowd had evi
dently bought more than they wanted, aud
as all bad profits on their purchases at the
opening prices they were over-anxiouB to take
them and the pressure to realize was strong
er than the disposition to buy, the demand
being mainly to cover shorts, and the last
sales were at nearly th'j lowest prices of the
Trading in wheal was quieter than could
have been expected under the circumstances,
aud the shorts did not show much disposition
to cover, though they could have done so with
fair profit towards the close. Cables were
firm, and the New STork opening higher, with
a good export demand from the continent.
The storm of yesterday aud last night, in
connection with the low temperature, con
tributed to inspire confidence at the opening,
and the lir.-t s;iles Wile 1 >,('. 1 \ t c over the
last transaction on 'change Saturday,being at
'.lie for June, but the advance brought
large si llers to the front, and although there
was at times active buying by some of the
strongi si houses on the floor the demand was
not sufficient to absorb the offerings, and
prices look a down turn at the start and set
tled with slight reactions to 88%c, aud alter
an advance to 89c closed ou 'change at S~>%
@88 : e for June, and 86%c for May. The
trading was chiefly local, outsiders seeming
to sec very little in the situation. There was
some talk ou 'change about heavy operations
by Nat. Jones, who is now in New York. His
brothers here were engaged most of the day
in selling wheat and corn, and it is thought
these sales must have aggregated a large
amount. Exporters as a rule claimed they
were without orders that could be filled at
present prices. Ou the afternoon call the
feeling in wheat was easier, and ou the curb
weaker, the closing prices ou both being 5*c
below the close on 'change.
Corn was fairly active aud irregular, taut
generally weak. The inspection showed for
the past forty-eight hours 207 ears, 46 of
ivhich were contract grades. Cables were
stronger and prices opened stronger in New
Fork, where au urgent demand was reported
to cover shorts and till export orders, and
early s:iles were made at an advance of %@
le over Saturday's close. May opened at 53
%c and sold up to 54c, but weakened with
wheat, and declined under free offerings to
52c, closing at 52&@52%c on 'change.
July is rapidiy becoming the favorite deal,
and ranges 3@3Jf) over May. The demand
to-day was largely from shorts and scalpers,
and values were materially influenced by
Wheat. The shipping demand has greatly
fallen off since the recent advance,and deal
ing is largely iu futures. An easier feeling
prevailed ou the call when the close for May
was J£c lower, and a weaker feeling on the
curb; where still another %c was lost.
Oats were steadier in the early part of the
session, and a better range of prices pre
vailed. The shipping demand was moder
ate aud trading in futures rather slow. In
sympathy with other cereals prices fell off
from early sales and the closing was dull at
823^cforMay. But little change was noted
on call or curb.
Provisions were even slower than usual,
and the day was a comparatively uninterest
ing one both as to legitimate aud speculative
trading. Pork was only moderately active,
aud prices opened at outside prices, which
were 5@7}<jC under Saturday's closing, and
on almost uninterrupted decline continued
all day, amounting at the close to 20@25c.
Iu futures June commanded the chief atten
tion. It opened at §16.90, sold down with
slight fluctuations to §10.65 and closed at
|16.72}£@16.75. May opened at §16.75,,
Bold down to §16.50, and closed at $10.57>£
Lard was slow and lower, only moderate
activity prevailing. The first sales were
made at the best prices of the day and the
last at about the lowest. May opened at
JjS.35 and closed at $8.27}£@8.30.
Short ribs were quiet and the weakness in
the general market made buyers cautious.
Prices ruled 7@10 lower.
A. M. Wright says: "As regards the near
future we really see little to warrant a per
manent decline, and adhere to the previous
ly expressed opinion that wheat and corn are
on a basis where judicious purchases made
on weak spots are far more likely to return a
profit than a loss."
W. II. Miuor & Co. say: "We consider
the decline to-day but natural after such a
sharp and continuous advance. We would,
however, advise caution in selling on weak
places, as that seems to be fair buying by
good parties on these breaks. We cannot
discover anything on which to buy corn a
Milmiue, Bodman & Co. say: "The ad
vance in wheat has taeen purely speculative
and altogether unwarranted by any legiti
mate causes that we can see. Wo think the
bulge has terminated for the present, taut we
may expect very unsettled markets for the
next few days. The export demand will no
doubt be shut off by the- advance, and think
now the crowd are disposed to fall to the
rear and travel down hill, but the deal will
most likely take on a scalping phase for a
few days and be a safe sale on
the bulges for quick turns. We regard
prices as too low to justify short
sales, except for quick turns of %c or 60.
The backwardness of the spring plowing in
tiie west creates some apprehension regarding
another corn crop, but sensible operators
know very well that there is plenty of time
yet to plant all the corn that is necessary.
We still have a good deal at faith in corn,
and think on any further material break it
will do to buy. The local crowd here are
still strongly inclined to the bear side on
corn. July oats are selling about J^c above
May, and looks to us about cheap enough to
The cattle market opened dull and prices
weak, finally closing dull with a good many
unsold and about 10c lower on fat cattle.
The quality was not up to last week's aver
age, the bulk being half-breed westerns and
poor natives. Butchers' stock and stockers
and feeders remained steady and firm. Tak
ing the fresh receipts and the number left
over there were nearly 7,500 on sale. The
New York market was lower, with 250 cars
Oil Bale, and the receipts in St. Louis and
Kansas City were reported fair.
The hog market opened slow, with prices
ruling irregular, that is, in 6ome division
Belling freely up to Saturday's figures and in
others 5@10c Jovver. Later, however, the
general market declined about 10c and
closed weak at the decline.
There was a sharp upturn and an active
demand for the fresh receipts of sheep, the
market clossng firm, and 15(a20c higher
than on Friday.
|Special Telet'ram to the Globe.]
CHICAGO, April 21. —Money continues in
fair demand and in plentiful supply for busi
ness requirements at 5@6 per cent, on call
loans and 6@7 per cent, on time. The
market presents no new features. New
York exchange is steady at 50c premium.
Sixty day documentary sterling is firm at
$4.86%. To-day the associated bank clear
ings were §7,72o,000, against $7,102,000 on
[Special Telegram to the Globe.1
Nbw Yoke, April 21.—The situation con
tinues to be anything but pleasant for hold
ers of shares. Nothing escaped the atten
tion of the bears to day. Stocks which here
tofore have preserved a bold front, ran with
the They went like a row of top
pling bricks from one end of the line to the
other. Northern Pacific preferred, so staunch
of late, fell two points, and Heading suffered
about the same. The business in Kock
Island, Chicago, Burlington & Quincy and
the Vauderbilts, with the exception of Lake
Shore, was light, while the Grangers,
Gould stocks, Norther Pacifies prefer
red and the Coalers were very
active, with heavy transactions in all of
them. It was near the closing hour before
the excitement began to waive. Prices then
showed signs of improvement, and there was
rather a steadier feeling all around. The
selling to-day did not come from the bear
Bide of the house altogether. Many long
stocks were marketed, the holders having be
came tired of their load, reducing their lives.
This only helped to make matters worse.
Western Union was very frail at the last,
selling at V>~>\.}. The balance closed com
paratively steady, but nearly all lower than
the final quotations of Saturday last. Pacific
mail is quoted, ex-dividend \% percent. At
the tinish Pullman declared its regular 2 per
cent, dividend. The books close May 1.
A. M. Day says: "The market opened
unsettled and lower with Ilollins, Wocrishof
fer, Von Eniberg and others large borrowers
of Union Pacific, aud indicatious favoring a
still further decline. There was very little
gossip worth repeating. Up to noon prices
stumped off irregularly, but quite generally,
and transactions were large in Lake Shore,
Grangers, Erie, the Gould stocks, Coalers and
Northern Pacilic. Erie was very weak at
times, also Northern Pacilic preferred. About
1 o'clock it was rumored a settlement of the
Trunk line difficulties had been effected and
that rales would be advanced early this week.
No confirmation of this lias been received.
The market rallied with surprising strength
before the close, in many cases above open
LONDON, April 21.—The Mark Lane Ex
press, in its weekly review of the grain trade,
says: "Cold east winds have checked wheat
and it is losing color. The fire worm has
done damage in lighter soils. The demand
during the week is unimproved and to-day
sellers are unable to obtain higher rates.
Mai/e is in better request and advanced 6d
0/ Is from Wednesday. Oats advanced Is.
Trade iu cargoes off coast is very quiet.
Four arrived, two were sold, one was with
drawn aud three remained. Cargoes on pas
sage and for shipment were stronger. The
sale of English wheat during the week was
40,951 quarters at 37s 3d per quarter against
54,550 quarters at 41s Sd for the correspond
ing week last year.
EXCITEMENT IN CLEVELAND.
The Divided Democratic Coimcilmen
Fail to Elect the Auditor.
Cleveland, O., 21.—An exciting scene
occurred in the city council chamber to-night.
It was the business of the old council before
dissolution to elect the city auditor for three
years. The Democrats had a clear major
ity, but on account of dissension were unable
to elect. After the thirty-sixth ballot, it then
being nearly eleven o'clock, the twenty-one
Republicans, elected members of the new
council, which by law should organize to
nize to-night, marched in a body to the front
of the president's desk and demanded to be
sworn in. They had previously sent in a
written request to be installed, but the
communication was not enter
tained. Great confusion and excite
ment prevailed for ten minutes
closely resembling a riot. The president
pro tern, in the chair, ordered several of the
new members nnder arrest, but backed by
the opinion of the city solicitor, they denied
the legal existence of the old council, and
declared the chairman had no authority.
The city clerk was asked to administer the
oath, taut he refused, while the old council
was in session. An outsider, ex-Speaker
Hodge, of the legislature, who was present,
was called on to administer the oath, and
was about to do so, amid great confusion,
when Calmer counsels prevailed, and the old
council dissolved peacefully, but without
electing an auditor. The new council then
met and it was fully organized by the
Republicans, though both parties are equally
divided in membership.
In Russia navigation has opened, and the
government is urging the railways to reduce
their rates for the transportation of cereals.
The emperor of Austrian has confirmed
the sentence of Schenck and Schlossarek,
the servant girl's murderers, and both will
be executed to-day.
Fitzgerald, the Fenian suspect, was pri
vately examined yesterday at Sligo and was
remanded, although he protested agaiust
such a course.
Dr. Wiudorst, leader of the Ultramontine
party in the German Reichstag, will move
amendments to the socialist law, and also
the penal and press laws, making them more
The police authorities have decided to ex
pel from France several Irish Americans
against whom they have evidence to justify
them in doing so.
ST. PAUL, MINK, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 22, 1884:.
A Wholesale Pension Bill, Giving
Every Disabled Soldier or
Sailor a Place on the List.
The Tenure of Office Bill, Which was a
Grrand Bead Beat Locator,
Befeated in the House.
The Expenses of the Proposed Bankruptcy
Bill Decidedly Against Its Success
Senator Kenna asked unanimous consent
to add a few words to the tributes in memo
riam of the late Representative Ilerdon of
Alabama. Unanimous consent being given,
Kenna addressed the senate a few moments
in feeling remarks commemorative of the
virtues of the deceased.
Several petitions were presented and re
ferred, praying that no discrimination be
made between the different schools of medi
cine in making medical appointments under
the United States.
A bill was passed to provide for the relief
of the southern Illinois Normal university at
Carbondale. The bill anthorizes the secre
tary of war to cancel any indebtedness the
trustees of the university may owe to the
United States by reason of the destruction of
of arms aud accoutrements, the property of
the United States, by fire, which consumed
the university buildings.
The following bills were introduced and re
By Mr. Jonas, to provide for an industrial
and cotton centennial exposition to be held
at New Orleans. A similar bill was intro
duced in the house by Mr. Ellis.
By Senator Ingalls, to amend section 3,243
of the revised statutes, so as to prohibit col
lectors of internal revenue from charging or
receiving any special tax for license or perm it,
for the- sale of intoxicating liquors in states,
when the local laws prohibit the sale or man
ufacture of such liquors.
Senator Frye offered a resolution, which
was referred to the committee on foreign re
ations, requesting the president to institute
negotiations with the government of the king
of Spain, for reference to an umpire for de
cision, the question whether the treaty of
1S19 had been fully carried into effect and
settlement. and finally decide what
amounts remain to be paid by the United
States. The senate then took up the bank
Senator Van Wyck in course of debate said
the principal difference he saw between the
present bill and the old bankruptcy bill,
against which all classes had risen up and
protested, was, that under the old law the
expenses for officers' compensation came
from the bankrupt's estate, and iu this bill
it was to come from the United States treas
Senator Hoar replied, that out of the
bankrupt's estate a certain percentage was
paid into the treasury of the United States.
On motion of Senator Sherman, the bill
was so amended as to make the examining
officers, treasury-officers, to finally examine
bills for disbursements, the bills to be in
the first instance sworn to by the party pre
senting them aud certified to by the judge.
Senator Ingalls said the machinery created
by the bill would be expensive, There
would, he thought, be at least 250 commis
sioners appointed at once, and there would
be a whole number of supervisors required
by the act. That would iuvolve an appro
priation of not less than §75.000 to $S0,000
in addition to the amount already appropri
ated for the United States courts.
All the scandals of the old bankrupty
system had grown out of the enormous
expenses it involved. Iugalls was entirely
opposed to the whole plan of giving extra
compensation to government officers. It
was a vicious system. Why, he asked,
should supervisors and commissioners be
paid traveling expenses and extra compensa
tion when judges of the United States dis
trict and circuit courts did not receive extra
compensation for any duties arising within
their own district or circuit. If the salaries
named were not sufficient they should be
made sufficient, but they should be fixed and
certain. Under the plan of allowing extra
compensations Ingalls had no doubt the ad
ministration of the act would involve an ex
pense of §1,000,000 annually.
Senator Van Wyck referred to the substan
stantial failure of all laws intended to secure
payment into the treasury of fees collected by
the officers, and predicted the same fate for
the fees provided for by this bill. Amend
ments were proposed by George, Sherman,
Hoar, Ingalls, Edmunds, Morgan and Van
Wyck. The bill as amended was reported
from the committee of the whole to the senate
and passed. Yeas 32, nays 15. The chair
then laid before the senate the next special
order, being the pleuro-pneumonia bill, and
Tiie House of Representatives
Wasiiixgtox, April 21.—Mr. Eaton, from
the committee on laws, relating to tho presi
dential election, reported back the senate
bill to pro/ide for the performance of the
duties.of the president in case of removal,
death or resignation of both thg president
and vice president. Placed on the house
Mr. Eaton also, by request of the chairman
on foreign affairs committee, reported a res
olution, which was adopted, calling on the
secretary of state for information concerning
the threatened confiscation of the American
college, Italy, by law or decree of the Italian
Mr. Morrison, from the committee on ways
and means, reported a resolution, that on
and after April 22d, the hour for daily meet
ing of the house shall be 11 o'olock. Adopt
The following bills were introduced and re
By Mr. Rosecrans, for the creation of a
silk bureau and to establish silk culture sta
By Mr. Heneley, to promote and encourage
education in the states and territories.
By Mr. Blouut, to reduce the internal
revenue tax on brandy distilled from apples,
peaches and grapes, to 10 cents per gallon.
By Mr. Willis, to admit free of dutv articles
intended for exhibition to the Louisville ex
position in 1884.
By Mr. Hardy for granting a pension to
By Mr. Parker, to tax the manufacture
and sale, and to regulate the exportation of
By Mr. Moorey. for providing that officers
and employes of the National Soldiers' Homes
be selected from the volunteer officers,
soldiers and sailors.
By Mr. Skinner to permit the publishers of
newspapers to send marked copies of their
newspapers at second class rates.
By Mr. Belford, to prohibit the attorney
general from entering into any contract
with any person to set aside a patent, on
condition that the person shall pay the cost
Mr. Mitchell, from the committee on civil
service reform, moved to suspend the rules
and pass a bill repealing sections of the
revised statues, restricting the terms of cer
tain officers to four years. Mutehler said the
simple pnrpose of the biil was to repeal the
act of 1820 and acts supplemental thereto,
which limit the term of certain presidential
appointees to four years. The consequence
of those laws was; that every four years the
senate and president were apt to come in
conflict in regard to officers whose terms are
expired and when there was a contest, offices
remained vacant till it was ended. The
mea=ure in no way affected the right of the
president to remove officials.
Mr. McMillan thought the house should
hesitate before it undertook, under suspen
sions of the rules, to repeal a law which had
stood on statue books for sixty-four years.
The trouble was not so much with the law as
with the maladministration of it. He was
opposed to the bill, as being in the direction
of a life tenure of office.
Mr. Willis said, the gentleman was utterly
mistaken as to the characters of the measure.
Not one word of it contemplated a life tenure
of office. There were in this couutry politi
cal and non-political offices, and not one of
the latter was affected by the bill. It did not
contemplate that congress should tread a
new and untried path, but simply it should
go back to the original constitutional path
proscribed by the fathers of the government.
Mr. Springer said, the bill made important
changes iu the tenure of certain officers.
The term of the offices of district attorney's,
surveyor's, general register's and receivers,
collectors of customs and naval officers aud
surveyors of customs and postmasters, which
were heretofore limited to four years, were
by this bill extended during the pleasure of
the president. But by the second section
chief justices and associate justices of terri
torial courts could hold their offices during
good behavior, or until the territory was ad
mitted into the union as a state. Pas3 this
bill, and judicial officers in territories could
only be removed by impeachment. In view
of the probable change in the executive of
fices of government at the ensuing election,
he hoped this democratic house of represen
tatives would not pass this bill, and thus
pension permanently on the government,
aud inflict on the good people of the terri
tories a lot of local dead beats who have been
imposed on them in judicial positions. [Ap
Mr. fiolman thought it was a wise policy
on the part of the government to limit the
tenure of office, as it would admit of the
scrutiny of accounts of the officers every
Mr. Bayne said there was one simple issue
presented by the bill. The gentlemen who
voted against it voted for the spoils system in
politics. The gentlemen who voted for it
voted for good administration.
Several gentlemen, including natch, of
Missouri, arose and denied that any such is
sue was presented.
The motion was lost by 99 to 140. This
was by no means a party vote, and the an
nouncement of the result was received with
lauirhtcr on both sides.
Mr. Dingley, from the shipping commit
tee, moved to suspend the rules and pass the
bill creating a bureau of negotiation in the
treasury department. The motion was agreed
to and the bill passed. Yeas, 170; nays, 4.
Mr. Warner, for the committee on pen
sions, bounty aud back pay, moved to sus
pend the rules and pass the bill, providing
that every person specified in the several
classes enumerated in the pension laws of
the United States, who served in the field, in
the military or naval service in any war in
which the United States has been engaged,
for a period of three months or more, and
has an honorable discharge, and is not re
ceiving a pension, or a greater pension than
that provided for herein, but who by reason
of any wound, injury or disease which there
is probable cause to believe originated in said
service in the line of duty, and not the result
of his own misconduct, or bad habits, or
other known cause occurring since such ser
vice, is now disabled, in whole or in part,
for procuring his subsistence hy manual
labor, shall upon making due proof of the
facts, under such regulations as may bo pre
scribed by the proper authority, not incon
sistent with the provisions of this act, be
placed upon the list of pensioners of the
United states, and be entitled to receive a
pension during the continuance of such dis
ability, at a rate proportionate to the degree
thereof. The true physical condition to be
ascertained and certified to as pro
vided by law upon examina
tion hy a competent board of
surgeons, duly appointed, and such pension
to commence at the date of filing the appli
cation therefor. That in all applications,
under the general pension laws included in
this act, where it appears by the record of
evidence that the applicant was regularly en
listed and mustered into the service, and
served for three months or more, that fact
shall be sufficient jrrima facie evidence that
he was then in good health and free from
disease, or the cause of disability for which
he claims pension.
The motion agreed to and the hill passed.
Yeas 165, nays 57.
The Fickle April Weather Unpropit
The Teams all Having a Hard Time to get in
their 'Prentice Hand.
The Chicago and Milwaukee papers are
complaining about the terrible weather
which prevents the clubs of those cities from
getting out door practice. The Milwaukee
club went to Rockford some days ago to get
away from the cold rains at Milwaukee and
still it is not happy for there also they have
rain. In regard to the Chicago club the
Tribune of that city has the following doleful
account of the way the weather has treated
the club of that city:
"It seems to he a settled fact that April
weather in Chicago is not to be relied upon
for anything like effective ball playing prac
tice. Nineteen days of the month have gone,
and the Chicago club has not had two days
out of the nineteen when it was possible to
get into playing form. The three games
thus far played with the reserves have been
of very little benefit, if indeed they have not
been a positive detriment, for all the players
are suffering more or less from the effects of
playing on wet grounds in a cold and damp
atmosphere. Burns' right arm is almost
useless for throwing, and yesterday when a
ball was hit to him he was obliged to hand it
to Williamson and let him throw to first base.
Gore had the bad luck to get spiked in the
ankle and hand in the course of a collision
with Graham on first base, and went limping
around in painful fashion. Neither Corcoran
nor Goldsmith has been able thus far to do
any first-class pitching, and it begins to look
as though the opening of the league cham
piouship season would find the entire team
in poor shape to meet clubs like Providence,
Cleveland, Detroit, and Buffalo, which have
been playing in Baltimore, Washington and
Richmond, to say nothing of Boston, which
has been favored with fair average of weather.
It will not be surprising to see Chicago make
a very poor start in the championship race,
solely because of insufficient praetice. Presi •
dent Spaulding has about made up his mind
that it is a mistake to try to do anything in
the way of practice-work on the home grounds
in the month of April, and it is quite likely
the club will be sent 60uth to St. Louis or
Louisville next spring.
Here in St. Paul we have not fared any
better. The weather has been cold, wet and
windy, and altogether it looks as if the first
of May would open out upon the clubs in
rather bad condition all around. Some of
those that went south will fare a little better,
probably. The Minneapolis club has had a
pretty lively time of it, and though the ex
perience it has had has not been the most
gratifying, it will undoubtedly prove bene
GAMES PLAYED YESTERDAY.
At Baltimore—Baltimore 5; Cleveland, 3.
At Dayton—Dayton, 2; Grand Rapids, 14.
At Washington—Wilmington, 7j Wash
EUROPE'S SOURCE OF SUPPLY.
"Rig:olo's" Gloomy Predictions Ke
garding- the Future of Ameri
Opinions on the Subject by Prominent Chi-
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Chicago, April 21.—The Daily Xevs of
this evening contains the following relative
to Rigolo's dire prediction for the failure of
American wheat: In its "in aud out of
Wall street" article the New York Sun this
morning presented some alleged startling
discoveries regarding the decline and fall of
the American, and particularly the Chicago
wheat markets. The effect of this article up
on certain representative members of the
board of trade and their opinions of the de
ductions thereon were hastily noted this
morning and are given below.
The main force of the article was directed
against Chicago speculators, and portrayed
vividly the supposed fallacy of their hopes
for the future of American wheat. The
growing productiveness of India and Aus
tralia was enlarged on and numerous figures
quoted, together with the various reasons
why it was much cheaper and more con
venient for Europe to get her supply of bread
stuff from India or Australia than from
America. The article acknowledges that the
highest grade of American wheat is superior
to that of Indian or Australian production,
but as an offset to this shows that the average
yield in those countries is more than double
that of this country. The difficulties here
tofore encountered in manufaccuring flour
from tropical wheat had now been overcome
by machinery especially devised to meet that
"The advantages which all these countries
have over the United States iu the grain
markets of the world," continues the article,
"are therefore incontestable, and it is only
pigheadedness that makes people still think
that wheat is still chep at §1 a bushel and
that Europe cannot get along without our
supplies. The wheat question was till now
simply a question of transportation. Every
new mile of railroad built in India, Australia
and Russia tarings several thousand bushels
into the market, and now it seems that the
Argentine Republic and South America are
sending large cargoes of wheat to Europe
Mention is also made in the article that in"
these competing, wheat-growing countries
the masses consume no part of their product
but subsist chiefly on rice aud millett; also,
that the cost there of producing wheat is
only about 36c, 60c in the Red River valley,
and 80@90c in the older states. The subject
is brought to a conclusion with the following
"All this does seem, however, to concern
the Chicago speculators. They say now,
barring the foreign demand, we have not
enough wheat for home consumption. Not
only is this absolutely false, taut the fact that
the people at large don't buy wheat, but buy
flour, and that there is more flour in the
markets than the millers and merchants
know what to do with settles this argument.
Mr. A. M. Wright was the first man ap
proached this morning, and his expressions
were substantially as follows: "The Sun ar
ticle probably exhibits as good a knowledge
on the part of its writer of the conditions set
forth therein as is at the command of the
average Chicago speculator who is short a
large amount of wheat. The whole article is
a well constructed bear argument; otherwise
it doesn't amount to much. So far
as the growing productiveness of India
and Australia is concerned, it is
probably not in excess of the increasing
consumptive demand. A few nuggets,more
or less, discovered in the Coeur d'Alene mines
are no more likely to make gold a cheaper
commodity than is the com
petition of India and Australia in
the wheat market probable to cheapen
that staple article. There is one thing that
will not be contradicted, the tropics can
never become dangerous rivals of the tem
perate zones iu the raising of wheat. The
quality of. the product of the
temperate zones never has been
and never can be superseded.
There is as much difference between our
wheat and that of India as there is between
% wooland shoddy. Some people cannot tell
wool from shoddy, and the Sun writer is ap
parently one of them. The atmospheric con
ditions, so favorable to the growth of wheat
iu the UniledStates, are utterly wanting in
the tropics, and the result is that while
American wheat is of heavy weight and full
of vital properties, that raised in India for
instance is light and brittle and yields spar
ingly of flour thatcannot compare with ours
in point of the actual amount of nutriment
contained in it. The small amount of
knowledge exhibited by the writer of that
article is apparent from the way he talks
about rice and millet. It is not to be sup
posed that the inhabitants of any country
will long subsist on a primitive and inferior
diet after they have become able to compete
successfully with other countries whose chief
product is their chief article of subsistence.
Then it is very foolish to talk about machin
ery that can successfully reduce in
ferior wheat to superior flour. You can't
get something from nothing. There is an
old story about tne difficulty of making a
whistle out a pig's tail. That story applies
veiy well on this subject. We have a wheat
very similar to that raised in India and Aus
tralia; It is called rve wheat, but the millers
wont look at it. There is another thing to
be considered. England cannot always
transport her wheat for nothing. It will
take her ten years to build railroads for the
conveyance of wheat enough to seriously in
convenience our market, and they couldn't
live from a lack of other freicht. Whatever
happens they have always the need of large
quantities of our wheat to mix with the
other in order to make it of any use tq them.
If the New Yorkers have got caught in the
Chicago market, it is no more than natural
they should squirm, but all their talk will
not materially alter the actual condition of
Mr. Chas. Schwartz was not seriously dis
turbed in mind after having read the Sun
article. He looked upon the statements con
tained in it as mostly conjectures, and while
not prepared with the necessary stastics to
refute them, he believed the situation was
hardly as bad as predicted. "It is well
enough," said Mr. Schwartz, "to make al
most any kind of statements about Indian
wheat. Positive data on the subject is rather
difficult to procure. I believe that wheat has
been too high, and have no doubt that when
things adjust themselves, as they are bound
to do before long, the average price will range
lower than in the past. Improved means of
distribution effectually prevent the mainte
nance of high prices in anything, so it is
pretty safe to conclude that
high prices for wheat is a thing of the past.
Mr. Schwartz believing that the subject
merited the attention of some one better
posted than himself, and was somewhat un
willing to put forward wrong opinions.
"There is a good deal more truth than
poetry," said Mr. Murry Nelson, "in the
impression that we are short of wheat for
home consumption. I .wish I had the
statistics to show you on that point as well
as on the India and Australia question. The
Sun article appears to me to be considerably
exaggerated. While prices have probably
been somewhat too high, I am not prepared
to believe that they will seek a very much
lower basis. Granted that the figures and
explanations given in the Sun are correct,
and that we have in India and Australia dan
gerous competitors, there are a hundred rea
sons why they cannot drive us out of the busi
ness. We can cheapen our rates of trans
portation by the improvement of national
water-ways and the building of others like
the proposed Hennepin canal, for instance.
But you had better see some one better post
ed than 1 am. My impression is that our
government statistics are widely at variance
with those of the Sun, and largely in our
Charles L. Raymond. of the firm of Jones
& Raymond, was disposed to treat the article
as not reliable to any larse extent. "The
writer," said he, ''I should judge to be short
a good deal of wheat. He is evidently a big
bear. I did not examine the figures very
closely, but they impressed me as being in
consistent. I should be loth to believe until
I saw it that wheat could be transported from
India as a regular thing at the rates mention
ed, and then you can't depend on a famine
country for anything lasting. I am afraid if
England were cut off from every source of
supply but that of India she would find her
self frequently begging for bread. Mr.
'Rigolo' has probably fallen into a den of
bears, if he is not himself one of them."
New York's Police Force.
New York, April 81, —Th* police com
nissionersthis afternoon adopted the fol
Whereas, the police commissioners have
been informed that certain proofs were given
this day before the assembly investigating
commissioners tending to show that Patrol
man John D. Farrel of the Twelfth precinct,
aud Detective Officer John Ross have been
guilty of taking or receiving money in con
sideration of extending police protection to
John Hellicker, enabling him to sell liquor
without license in violation of law, there
lirxolvfd, that the superintendent, or act
ing superintendent, be, and hereby is di
rected to procure the evidence, taken before
said committee, and if such information is
found correct, to make and prefer charges,
with appropriate specifications against the
said officers, to the end that they may be
dealt with according to law and the rules of
PirrsnuKG, Pa., 91. —A four round
illove iigUt, for the gate receipts at the Colli
seum to night, between Capt. James C. Daly
and Hial 11. Stoddard, both of New York, re
sulted in favor of the latter. The fight was
witnessed by about 1,500 people and was a
very tame affair. Dominic .McCaffrey, of
this city, and Stoddard potted $950 each for
a hard glove tight for 41,000, within 300 miles
of Pittsburg, three weeks from date. Mc-
Caffrey also challenged Daly and Williams to
fight for the same amount within four weeks.
SANFORD'S RADICAL CURE
The Great Balsamic Distillation of Witch-
Hazel, American Pine, Canadian
Fir, Marigold, Clover Blos
For the Immediate Relief and Permanent Care of
every form of Catarrh, from a simple Head Cold
or Influenza to the Loss of Smell, Taste, and
Hearing, Cough, Bronchitis, and Incipient Con
sumption. Relief, in five minutes in any and
every case. Nothing like it. Grateful, fragrant,
wholesome. Care begins from first application,
and is rapid, radical, permanent, aud never fail
One bottle Radical Cure, one box Catarrhal
Solvent and Stanford's Inhaler, all in one package,
forming a complete treatment, of all druggist for
91. Ask for Samroim's Radical Oun. Pootb
Detxq a>;i> Chemical Co., Boston.
(jhy jR B JRB Collin's Voltaic Electric
B ffl I QSM I'l aster instantly affects
HwUBn llie L'rvou* system and
i/IUulV banishes Pain. A perfect
IS THE CRY Blecttk Battery combined
or a with a Porous Plaster for 25
SUFFERING NERVE cents. u annihilates Pain,
vitalizes Weak and Worn Out Parts, strengthens
Tired .Muse-els, Prevents Disease, and does more
In one half the time than any otherplaster in the
world. Sold everywhere.
We have been so busy attending to the wants
of customers in our Mux's Department that we
have neglected informing you of all the new
things in our CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT.
Our Boys' KNOCKABOUT SUITS, at $5.00, are
not new, but they are always good, and Mothers
who have bought them once will bay them again.
$5.00 we consider a popular price for Creedmore
Suits for Boys, and we show abont twenty styles
from all-wool Cassimcres at thi3 price. Odd
Pants and pieces for patches with all CREED
MORE Suits. In HARVARD SUITS for Boys
from 8 to 13 years of age, we show elegant styles,
at $5.50, $0.00, $7.00, $7.50 to $12.00 and for
larger boys we have equally as fine a line to select
from. There is no use trying to dodge the ques
tion. Low prices combined with goods of ster
ling worth has made the
One-Price dig House,
Comer TlirJ and Eolsrt streets,
The favorite trading resort of the people. It will
be economy to buy your SPRING HAT from us.
BRISBIN & FARWELL,
Comer of Wabashaw and Fourth streets.
Over Express Office. 870
TROTTING STOCK AUCTION.
We have some Rare BARGAINS in Second-hand
Square PIANOS, on Ea.-<y Terms.
Packard Orchastral Organs,
Taken back from parties who could not romplete
their payments, which we otter at SPBCIAL
PBICXS, or leaa than one-half actual value. Vo
not mi-s thi.- opportunity to buy CHEAP aud on
Have yon ever seen the
Oylinder-top BEHR Pianos?
If not, you should call at once and nxamiue these
MRS. M. C, THAYER
418 Wabashaw street.
Sohmer, Gnild, Baser, Kranlch A Bach, Steinway
Smith, American, New England and Sterling.
Sole Agent tor the celebrated
SCHAI.f. b \N.ros.
Sheet Husk .V. io,-, half price and regular.
Instruments <>f sD kinds at wholesale and rotoll.
strin-,'-* ■ ipeclahy.
Bins. THAYBB having purchased Jnllns Zaho
nyi's well selected stock, Inrtteshis Mends and
the public to call and secure the best bargains In
the city. no
For Pianos & Organs
For E«ny n.iri Rent Terms.
For CutaliiffueM u d Low. st I'rlren.
For Armeies at <l Territory. Address
C. W. YOUNGMAN,
115 K. Seventh srrcut, ST. I'AUL..
AMI mi:mi;\ is.
(JIIAND OPE liA HOUSE.
L. N. SCOTT, Manager.
WEDNESDAY MATIN KB AND NIGHT.
ftew York Star Combination,
Headed by the Creat and (July
Agisted t>y the best
On the Road.
Full Brass Band and Orchestra.
Bet t now felling.
Reserved feats, $1 .OOsnd T5c. Admission, 7.1c
and duc. Gallery, 85c. ios-io
GRAND OPERA HOUSE.
L. K. BCOTT, Manager.
Three Nights and Matinee!
Thursday, April 24th!
WHIRLWIND OP FUN!
jFRONT I | FRONT|
™ SPAEKS °*
BUNCH OF KEYS!
Or, THE HOTEL.
Sale cf seats begins at box office Wednesday, 9 a.m
TO-NIGHT ! TO-NIGHT 1
Wa SiddonV F« male Mastoiions & Burlesna-s
The most complete organization in America.
40 First-class Artists. 40
Seats may be secured at the box office, daily
without extra charge.
Calciminina & Tinting.
Ceilings 81 and upwards; rooms $2.50 and up
wards. Tinting walls 10 per cent, extra. Inside
and outside painting from 1 to 1J4 cents per
square foot. All work guaranteed. Send postal
card or leuve orders at f hop.
104-133 OS West Tenth street.
COASEitVATORY OF MUSIC,
No. 127 West Third street,
ST. PAUL, - - MINN.
All branches of Music taught, including
PIANO, ORGAN, VIOLONCELLO,
VIOLIN, ZITHER and HARMONY.
MISS MARIE GEIST, Graduate of the Royal
Conservatory of Mnslc in Munich, Principal.
MISS KATIE GEIST, Assistant Teacher.
MISS EMMA LAWRENCE, Zither Teacher,
MISS LAURA W. HALL, Harmony Teacher.
At Public Auction, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 11,
1884, rain or shine, at
Adjoining the city limits of St. Paul, Minn.,
by Com. N. W. Kittson, Chas. A. DeGraff and
George W. Sherwood, about 70 head of high
bred Trotters, consisting of young StallIons,
Fillies, Brood Mares and Geldings, sired prin
cipally by such noted stallions as Smuggler,
Volunteer, Peacemaker, George Wilkes, Von
Arnim, Blackwood, jr., Alexander, Baymont,
Indianapolis, Belmont, Administrator, Blue
Bull, and Ravens wood.
Terms of Sale—Casu.
Sale to commence at 10 a. m. sharp. Send
for catalogue, to B. D. WOODMAtfSEE,
bi. Paul, Minn.