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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, May 31, 1884, Image 2

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MEMORIAL DAY.
The Day of Heroes Honored by
Sunshine, Flowers, Music
and Oratory.
Observed All Over the Country "With
Merited Evidences of Popular
Interest.
The Morning Visit to the St. Paul Cemeteries
ami Afternoon Procession.
Address to the Veterans and Citizens by
Ex-Governor C. K. Davis.
Gone are the days of hot strife,
Hushed in the din of the fray,
While peace with her banner to-day
Mingles the blue and the gray.
Low lay the heroes at rest,
Sound in the sweet sleep of death, . ■
Over each mound floats the stars,
Over each grave strew the flowers.
Decoration day was more generally ob
served in St. Paul yesterday than ever
before. Nothing occurred to mar the perfect
beauty and harmony of the occasion. The
success of the observances on this patriotic
day always depends on the character of the
weather. Yesterday was simply a perfect day
for outdoor observances; the lovely May
morning dawned with an azure sky,unflecked
by scarcely a cloud, and the sunshine was
perfect all day. This, together with 'the
splendid programme arranged by the mili
tary and civic societies, made yesterday a
memorable day in the annals of the anni
versary celebrations of this kind. The pro
gramme, as given in yesterday's Globe,
was carried out to the letter.
In tho early lawn the several committees on
lecoration met at Court House square and a
salute of twenty-one guns by Emmet Heat
iriilory at 0 o'clock announced the opening
jl the day's observances. At this hour the
committees appointed to decorate the
graves at Oakland and Calvary cemetries to
gether with the general committees took car
riages and proceeded to the grounds, where
the graves of comrades were decorated with
garlands and cut flowers, wreaths and chap
lets of evergreens. A list of the
graves to be decorated was
also given yesterday but in addition
to the. arrangements of the committee quite
a number of lovely offerings were donated
by the immediate friends of the fallen heroes
who were on the grounds in person.
The Decorator*.
The following are the names of the details
from Acker and Garfield posts who went out
from court square at C o'clock yesterday
morning, and decorated the soldiers' graves
in the several cemeteries:
«". J. McCardy. 11, Tenth Kentucky Cay
airy.
W. J. Sleppy. 129 th Pennsylvania.
Ben Brack, F, Eleventh Minnesota,
John Way, G, Sixth Minnesota.
T. W. Forbes, 11. 14-th Ohio.
E. S. Lightbouru, 11, Seventh Minnesota.
C. W. Hackett, C, Tenth Minnesota.
Jos. Burger, 11, Second Minnesota.
B. 11. Plechner, Sixth New York En
gineers.
W. T. Burr, X, Third Ohio Cavalry.
Albert Scheffer, C, Thirty-fifth Wisconsin.
D. L. Kingsbury, E, Eighth Minnesota.
J. B. Chancy, L, First Minnesota.
F. M. Finch, X, Fifth New York artill
ery.
Edwin L. Fryer, G, Sixth Minnesota.
Win. Thompson, E, First Minnesota.
M. Bixler, First Minnesota battery.
C. M. Fernald, Ninety-seventh United
States infantry.
Chas. J. Stees, G, Sixth Minnesota.
D. H. McCloud, G, Sixth Minnesota.
F. O. Fritsch, Sixty-eighth New York.
J. W. Haight, Ninety-seventh United
States.
J. J. C. Taber, F, Eighty-second Pennsyl
vania.
J. E. Eggleston, D, Tenth Minnesota.
\ J. E. Iverson, E, Twenty-eighth Massa
chusetts.
G. J. Virtue, X, Seventh Minnesota.
B. W. Brunson, X, Eighth Minnesota.
J. F. Chupron, A, Sixth Minnesota.
Geo. Lueders, Co. D., Fifty-eighth Illinois.
F. Trehold, Co. 8., Twenty- Wiscon
sin.
J. E. Macivor, Co. E., Twenty-eighth Wis
consin.
J. B. Souder, Co. D., Fifty-second Ohio.
J. A. Jackson, Co. H., Fifteenth Ohio.
E. H. Wood, Co. C, Seventh Minnesota.
11. C. Marsden, Co. A., Minnesota Vols.
J. S. C. Taber, Co. F., Eighty-second Pen
nsylvania.
W W. Hills, Co. 8., Ninth Minnesota.
Romanic Sheire, Co. F., First Michigan
Eug.
John S. Proyd, Co. X., Fourth Minnesota.
P. D. Mudnee, company C, twenty-six,
New York.
Geo. Bashaw, company G, one hundred
thirty-five Indiana, and company 1), one
hundred Bfty-four.
Edwin Comings, company F, thirty-five,
Illinois.
E. F. Ken rick, company C, thirty-nine,
Massachusetts.
J. It. Glass, company D, one hundred
twenty-five, Pennsylvania.
James Allic, company D, twenty-seven,
Wisconsin,
E. K. Nafee, company A, two, Minnesota
cavalry.
E. H. Stevens, company B, ten, Minneso
ta infantry.
C. J. Suthemer, company G, six, Minne
sota infantry.
R. V. Pratt, company U, C staff, Fourth
Wisconsin cavalry.
The cemeteries never looked more beauti
ful than on yesterday and the work of love
was conducted in such a spirit of tenderness
that one could not refrain from participating
in the grateful labor. The sacred precincts
of God's acre seemed more hal
lowed than ever and as the
fragrant buds were tenderly laid on
the brow of each hero many a tear glistened
amid the dew on the fresh green mounds.
Business was generally suspended during
the day and the streets presented a holiday
appearance. The parade in the afternoon
was of course the spectacular feature of the
day, and it was one of the most attractive,
martial and creditable processions ever giv
en in St. Paul.
Court house square was thronged with a
large gathering of people long before the
procession reached there. It was a pictur
esque and pleasant sight! Upon the luxuri
ous grass beneath the shade of the fast grow
ing maples planted by the late Sheriff Becht,
reclined men and women and children, pa
tiently waiting the coming of the representa
tives of the grand armies, and about
the stand erected for the speakers,
people began to flock after the procession
passed Wabashaw street on Third. The mas
sive throng assembled, and, fast assembling,
looked nothing like one gathered to honor
the illustrious dead, or to do reverence to the
memory of the brave, but rather as though
the square was some favorite picnic ground,
to which were concentrating from every
point votaries of pleasure upon enjoyment
bent. But they seemed, too, the very epi
cures of pleasure seekers— the vulgar,
eager, roysteriug, noisy pursuers of the tawdry
butterfly goddess. Upon every countenance
th-re was a happy serenity and a content
ment depicted which spoke of thorough en
joyment while the very movements of limbs,
languid and indolent, spoke eloquently of
ease. , Certainly there was no line of sorrow
or furrow of grief or trace of mourners' tears
upon any face among those assembled. At
about 3 o'clock the strains of martiai music
growing more distinct announced the com
ing of the procession and those stretched
upon the green sward hastily gathered them
selves up and those strolling about
the outer confines of the park
pressed forward toward the platform.
At „ the same time Chief Clark
stepped upon the raised structure and polite •
ly requested those who had availed them
selves of this haven of rest and shade to
step down. The platform was scarcely clear
ed when his excellency the Governor and his
staff, Gen. Hicks, judge advocate, and Col.
Brandt, aid de camp, his honor the Mayor,
lion. 0. K. Davis, Commander Simonton
and others took their positions upon^the plat
form where the male choir was already as
sembled. The procession now entered the
grounds and formed in solid phalanx in
front of the canopied, platform. And
non- the scene was completely
changed and wore a truly military
aspect—but not of an army performing the
last sad rites over a departed comrade. Ban
ners were not furled but spread out in all
their beauty to the grateful cooling breeze
arras were not reversed but bayonets glitter
ed in the sun light of a glorious day; no
somber crape encompassed the soldiers'
sleeve and the very badge "In memoriam" of
the. G. A. R. looked cheery and bright. Con
spicuous in the ranks were the dusky faces
of the Twenty-fifth regiment and' their dark
blue uniforms and azure facings, but these
dark faces were not. darkened with
sorrow clouds and stricken with grief, but
rather wreathed in smiles and beaming with
pleasure. Perhaps it was from this most
marked and universal expression of pleasur
able enjoyment which gave the orator of the
day the happy thought that the day was not
one of sorrow and mourning so much as one
of rejoicing. Before the speeches began the
whole square was thronged with people, and
from the platform the sight was one to be
hold. There was a perfect sea of faces
plumes, hats, helmets, sunshades and ban
ners in rich and gaudy coloring, back of
■Rliich. was the deep setting of toliage of ver
nal green. With such a large concourse of
people the quiet and stillness was surprising,
and there was not even an untoward voice
raised to mar the proceedings. Just before
the services commenced, Col. Bend, of the
25th, and Col. Lawson, of the ISth, took
places upon the platform.
-..-*...,... THE EXERCISES.
Commander Edward Simonton, of Acker
Post, acted as master of ceremonies, and the
exercises were opened by the dirge "Peace
on Earth," which was executed by the Great
"Western band with great power and pathos.
PRAYER BY DR. RIDDELL.
Prayer was then offered by Rev. R. R.
Riddel], chaplain of Acker Post, who made
an earnest and eloquent invocation to God
acknowledging his hand in all
the blessings which this Re
public now enjoys. He had planted
and matured and guarded the seed which
had developed into this, the greatest nation
of the earth, and upheld his handiwork by
signal power. To-day a great people had
gathered to commemorate an event in our
national history which had helped to make
our country what it was, and he asked that
we be helped to feel on this occasion that
God had especially protected our country in
that event as in others, as with a mighty
shield, and we should remember this that we
might strive anew to make our nation, one
in which righteousness, great virtue, and
love of liberty and of mankind should prevail.
He prayed that the sacrifices made by this
people in the days gone by might be accept
able to the deity, sacrifices which stir up
memories in our hearts which cannot die.
He asked that heaven's choicest benediction
rest upon those who had survived the ordeal
of the struggle for liberty.God and humanity,
and gave thanks that our skies were no
longer wreathed with the dark clouds of war
and the smoke of battle, but that peace,
harmony and prosperity reigned throughout
all our land. Keep us, oh God until thou
shalt gather us all in thine own good time
upon those plains where no soldiery shall
march to martial music, where all battle
liags are furled and where peace shall ever
reign triumphant.
THE AMERICAX HYMN".
A male choir consisting of Messrs J. J.
Schaub, E. W. White, J. J. Hayes, C. A.
Dannehere, J. S.Worthington,H. A Simons,
A. A. Travis, with H. McLaughlin as organ
ist, then sung with great volume, beauty and
expression Keller's American Hymn.
READING OF CHORUS.
Commander Simonton then read general
order No. 10, issued by the national
commander of the Grand Army of
the Republic at Philadelphia appointing May
30, ISBS, as the sixteenth observance of me
morial day which had been thoroughly en
dsrsed by the people and which would be
honored and observed as long as the flag
floats over the nation. Some suggestions
were embodied in the order in regard to the
general j observance of the day by Sunday
and public schools and the holding of me
morial services by the churches. Order No.
3 of the state commander was also read is
sued by the commander at Minneapolis
treating upon the general observance
by all the people of this day. The
reader in conclusion made some very elo
quent remarks in regard to comrades both
iiviug as well as gone before, concluding
with the words "we should join so perfectly
and unitedly in the observance of this me
morial service that to those whom we call our
dead it may be their day of coronation."
FLAG OF THE FREE.
The choir then most acceptably rendered
the grand old song "Flag of the Free", and
were heartily encored by the assembled mul
titude.
REPORTS OF DECORATING COMMANDERS.
Decorating Commander J. J. McCardy
then gave his report of the graves which had
been decorated by his detail in the early
morning in Oakland and the Episcopal cem
eteries, with a small United
States flag, " a pot of living
flowers and a bouquet each, which agreed
with the list published in the Globe yester
day morning, with the exception of the
graves of Private Seth Fields and Capt. John
G. Telfour, which have been removed else
where. He further reported that his detail
had decorated the following graves not pre
viously mentioned
Chas. Eich-lcr, First Minnesota.
Chas. Houkes, Fifteenth Massachusetts.
Julius Wylc. Minnesota Volunteers.
W. J. Sparks, Braeketfs Battery.
Capt. Hartley.
Gen. S. H. Simpson.
Major E. A. C. Hatch.
Chas. Schmalls.
Edward Smith.
J. P. Kuss.
J. T. Counellslee.
J. T. Sargeant.
Ne.'son Shclafoe.
E. C. Miller, Minnesota volunteers.
M. 11. Pease, Second Minnesota volun
teers.
Lieut. J. C. Dunlap, H, Twenty-eighth
Illinois. . .
Win. Wallace, Sixth Minnesota.
Major G. T. Browning, Indiana volunteers.
Decorating Commander M. J. O'Connor
also read the names of the soldiers' graves
decorated by his detail in Calvary and the
Lutheran, cemeteries, with the following ad
ditions to the list printed yesterday morning,
located in Calvary cemetery.
Patrick O'Connor, First Minnesota. .
August Yon Beeck, Fifth Minnesota.
Edward i Quirk, company X, Sixty-ninth
New York Irish Brigade.
N. Fallon, Fifth Minnesota Infantry.
' ROCK OF AGES.
The United States military band of Fort
Snelling who were located in the Wabashaw
front of the square then played "Rock of
Ages," with charming variations, in a man
ner most befitting the occasion and which
was a masterpiece of skillful musical execu
tion.
ORATION OF HON. C. K. DAVIS.
Commander Simonton . then announced
the Hon. C. K. Davis as orator of the day,
•those remarks we give in full.
HIE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. SATURDAY MORNIJVU, MAY 31. 1884.
The ailtlresi was listened to with
the deepest and most earnest
attention from beginning to end, being fre
quently interrupted with marks of approba
tion from those upou the platform, and in
its honors to the patriot dead and living the
narration of the causes which precipitated
our national struggle for life, and the dan
gers of centralization of power in the pres
ent and future was an eloquent and honest
tribute of his mind and heart to his fellow
citizens.
Mere than two thousand years ago the first
republic in history rolled back from Europe
a tide of Asiatic invasion, in which tlie ser
vile east poured all the hordes of an empire
which stretched from the Nile to the Indus
upon the people of a small but enlightened
state, whose poetry is the day-spring of song,
whose iirt remains a model of unattainable
perfection, whose philosophy has guided the
thought of the world,the principles of whose
democracy survived the Macedonian, the
lioman and the Turk, to reappear in a, conti
nent then unknown.
The consequence of the recoil at Marathon
of the eastern world before the defenders of
Europe were incalculably momentous. Eu
rope, saved from Asia," entered upon that
long career of development by which man
was steadily emancipated. A new Goddess
was evoked. Not Venus from the sea, nor
Athenae from the brain of absolute power,
but liberty rose immortal from the heart and
brain of man. The east retired, and the
west was subject to no other invasion there
from, until the Apostles and with weapons
not of this world, achieved a conquest for
which the Persian with all his millions was
too weak. From the time of this decisive
victory, the divinity of liberty has moved
westward and always with increasing liberty
to Komc to England, and finally to the
Western hemisphere.
It was the custom of the little common
wealth which had thus saved the western
world to commemorate, upon the battlefield
of Marathon aud the public sepulchres, the
heroes who had died for the state. It was
upou such a memorial day that Pericles pro
nounced that immortal eulogy which remain
ed unrivalled until Abraham Lincoln com
memorated at Gettysburg the dead who died
for the same great cause.
They who so die, are the illustrous ones for
whom, as Pericles said, 'the whole earth is a
monument,' and for whom the tears of gen
erations are shed; while for the thousands
who perished in Alexander's mad career, for
the myriads whom imperial Cicsar brought to
death, for thf millions upon whose graves
the dreadful monument of Napoleon's glory
is reared, there is no tear, no garland, no
wailing or disconsolate yet triumphant
music, no eloquence that calls those hosts to
life from the fields where they are blended in
burial. .
Looking down upon Napoleon's sarcopha
gus in the Invalides, we see all that remains
or that reminds us of the armies he wielded.
As in life, so in death, he, the one man, is
all there is of all lie did. But, viewing the
vast area of a great republic saved not by one
man, but by millions moving as one man,
vre see that there is another glory here, the
glory of tli!.' patriot soldiers who saved their
country from the most formidable attack
ever made upon free institutions.
I should deem my task imperfectly per
formed were it limited to praise and sorrow
for the dead whom we commemorate. Years
have chastened that sorrow. There comes a
time in regard to all who have died for some
cause when grief is absorbed in gratitude
and victorious pride in their fame. No doubt
the trurs of Switzerland were shed when
Arnold Yon Winkelried gathered into his
breast that sheaf of Austrian spears. There
was weeping in England when the heads of
Russell aud Sidney fell. Tnere was mourn
ing in the Tyrol when Hofer was shot at
Mantua, and Ireland lamented when
Emmet stood upon tbe scaffold. So
for our own dead, many a, voice
was hoard in Kama refusing to be comforted.
But there is that in the consequences of such
deaths which compensates for sorrow and
causes it to cease. To die that others may
be free is something so divine that grief for
the sufferer quickly ends. ' He seems, if a
saint, to have passed into the kingdom of
heaven, if a patriot, to have won his coun
try's love as his everlasting inheritance.
And so it is of these over whose memory
twenty years have passed. But for the cause
they died for, many of. them would have
passed away ere this with nothinsr to con
secrate their memories but private grief.
The survivors would be listlessly drifting
towards the death of undistinguished gener
ations.
It is important to consider what these men
achieved, what lessons they teach, from those
huge and universal graves of the battlefield ;
from the sunken depths into which they went
down in ships never more to return until the
sea shall give, up its dead, from the cemeter
ies, those solemn encampments where with
out watehfire or reveille, or prayer, or sentry's
voice, or thought of home or further battle,
these soldiers of freedom have set up their
everlasting rest. Hushed arc their voices
true, the thunder of the captains and the
shoutiugs and none of them shall learn war
any more, and yet from where they repose,
they speak with most oracular voice. Let us
listen to it always and take care that in the
pursuit of wealth, of politics, honors of na
tional aggrandizement, or in the strife of
parties, we drift nut beyond hearing. Letus
on this occasion draw nearer to them that we
may hear more distinctly what they are al
ways saying for their voices are the word and
the life of our institutions.
The importance of listening to these
teachings becomes more important every
year. My comrades, do you ever think how
many of us have been discharged from the
army of human life since the war ended 1
Do you realize that the youngest of us has
passed the summit and is treading the down
ward path with steps which seem to aeceler
ate? That we stand in the advance of a new
generation of thirty millions who were
children or unborn, when, in the bloom of
our youth, life became such a fri<rbtfullv
earnest thing? The boy of ten yearsis now
the man of thirty-three. He who was a baby
then has voted for the last two year 3. Should
the voice of liberty again call upon her
children to protect her with the sword from
dishonor, it is not we, but they, who would
stand between that common mother of man
kind in the terror of armies.
Each of us has often been asked by these
younger men about the war, and each of us
has doubtless felt how hard it is to depict it
as it is, for we know that war is not as sung
by poets or limned by painters. Hannibal
was not always looking down from the Alps
upon Italy as upon a map, and Napoleon
crossed th»>m on a mule, and not upon a war
horse careening into the clouds, as David
painted him.
War, to the individual, is in its routine a
life of ennui, of dirt, of vermin, of disease,
of sleeping on the ground, of bad rations, of
slow pay, of homesickness, varied only oc
casionally by a battle.
In its objects and purposes it is another
thing, It is then that it is grandest and,
properly considered, most picturesque, for
the battlefield is soon overgrown with weeds,
the warriors pass away, but their con sequen
ces, like endless threads of many colors, are
woven into the loom of future time and
form an endless history.
The fact that this war preserved the gov
ernment is so obvious as to require nothing
more than mere reference. That it effaced
the stigma oj African slavery, that dreadful
and satiric paradox of our system, also re
quires no illustration.
But there were other important consequen
ces which seem to require something more
than passing remark. It was for along time
( a heresy in our system which
finally terminated in the apostacy of
rebellion that the union was a
mere partnership of states which could be
dissolved at any time at the will of any of
the partners. This conception of our or
ganization was not withont support from the
language of some of the wisest and purest
men who framed the constitution itself, and
their expressions, dislocated from the circum
stances which provoked them, were made to
perform offices for which they were never
intended. For a long time thi3 construction
wag a mere incident to the struggle of
great leaders for power and in its earlier
manifestations was crushed by the iron will
of Jackson and the titanic logic of Webster.
But io the course of time the production
of cotton by the unreeompen6edtoil of slaves
became so lucrative that to extend the area
of slave la^or tbe nation committed itself to
territorial aggrandizement, and thus acquired
Texas by treaty and a large part of Mexico
by conquest. This was not sufficient. The
north grew faster than the south in popula
tion and in the formation of new states in
the west and northwest, and the demand,
most dangerous to such a system as our?, w.is
set up, that a balance of power should be
established between the slave states and the
free states, and accordingly a sacred compro
mise was swept away. This was not enough,
for the slaveholder then advanced the con
struction that he had the right to take his
slave property into any state, and to be
protected therein while temporarily therein.
The result of all this was, one of the grandest
moral revolls recorded by history. The con
science ot the north rose in protest, and
none of us will ever probably again witness
such an insurrection.
The deleterious effect ot these controversies
was that our system became unstable. This
was admitted by ourselves. The industries
ami the capital of the country were at the
mere}' of wily agitators and precipitate re
formers. The financial credit of the general
government was impaired. That of the
states fluctuated extremely. The currency,
which is the calm [raise of trade, was of In
termittent value, and the credit of the mer
chant was often dependent upon what state
and sometimes upon what community in
which he transacted business.
The war changed all this The political
heresy was recanted. The cause of It was
annihilated: The government stood the ten
sion of the most powerful financial strain to
which any state was ever subjected, and
from our very necessities came a system of
currency ami finance, which, with all its in
cidental imperfections, has conferred the
greatest temporal blessings upon tbe people,
and proved itself to be as beneficial in peace
as it was necessary and all saving in war.
As much cotton is now produced as before
the war and what was impossible before in
the presence of an institution so crude, waste
ful, and yet immediately profitable as slavery
was the most diversified industries became
possible and were introduced into the south
and thereby the dignity of labor was exalted
there for the white man, for whom before
toil waa a disgrace because it sank him in
his own estimation towards the # despised
slave.
The political secession was preceded by a
secession of some of the churches, and thus
the most conservative element of society was
divided against itself and carae into oppo
sition. A bishop became a confederate gen
eral, and a preacher, who was afterwards a
President of the United States, became a
general in the Union army. That state is in
clanger when the same political opinions are
denounced from one pulpit as sinful and
are extolled from another as righteous, and
we were in that danger before the war and
during the war.
But when the war had unified the nation
politically, the schism In the churches
healed, and it is one of the most beneficent
results of the great struggle, that in our pres
ent.situation, or in any situation of which we
can form any conception, there is no
political question which can possibly pre
vent the churches of the country from sus
taining the government upon the highest
grounds of right.
There has existed also since the war a broad
spirit of toleration. Nothing was more com
mon in the years before 13(50 than to hear
this or that church denounced as unfaithful
to the nation and inimical to it by its very
constitution. We hear nothing of this now,
because the part which the great pole
ruarebs of the churches took in sustaining
the union is a standing refutation of such
charges. The gorgeous mitre and the lowly
garb of the minister were alike emblems of
the purest patriotism. It should never be
forgotten that Hughes and Brownson and
Rosecrans and Ireland, that Breckenridge
and Beecher, that Simpson and Hopkins and
Porter loved their country, that their com
manding voices were raised in its behalf
without one jarring tone of creed, and the
world saw the Lutherans, the Catholics, the
Methodists, the Calvin ists and the dissenters
from all these enroll themselves by hundreds
of thousands and light side by side without a
thought of the difference in their faiths. The
result has been —and it is a most momentous
one in a purely political aspect—that since
the war there has trrown up the most liberal
toleration, and liberty of conscience has be
come an unquestioned right.
One lesson is taught by the war which will
be latest learned. It is the dangerattendant
upon the generalization of political power.
To subdue the rebellion and restore to their
functions the suspended powers of govern
ment, it was of course necessary that all the
energies of the nation should be concentrated
into unity of decision and action.
After all was over, the result was such an
exhibition of the effect of national power,
and we had become so habituated to the ex
actions of that power in the most concentra
ted manner, that we have been slow to de
mand or see that the proper equilibrium be
restored. The less the federal govern
ment has to do, consistently with the pur
poses for which it was established, in govern
ing the people, the better. One of the most
memorable resolutions ever moved in parli
ment was by Dunning, "That the influence
of the crown has increased, is increasing
and ought to be diminished," and it was
founded upon a profound conception of the
safeguards of popular rights. It is a recog
nized law of progress that it consists in a
change from the homogeneous to the com
plex, and of states aud society it is truly
said that variety in unity is the highest per
fection. A despotism is homogeneous, like
an army. It is political unity without varie
ty. As men assert their rights, states cease
to be despotic and become constitutional
monarchies, with legislatures; aud thus we
have the unity of the state presenting also
variety of governmental functions. An
other stage in the progress is that which we
ourselves reached, of one general federate
government, fora few purposes; many gen
eral state governments for all other pur
poses, and all subject to control and change
by the people in their democratic capacity.
'i :ii-; is Hie highest type of variety in unity
which political experience has yet put into
practice. The clear statement of the rules
as to governments, is that that one is most
perfect in which to unity in the form of the
state is joined the greatest variety of individ
ual influence upon its function. Those state
governments have been most prosperous in
the instances where most power has been
confided to the township or other municioal
subdivisions. Any tendency from this rule
is a tendency towards bad and corrupt gov
ernment, towards an aristocracy in some in
stances and eventually towards a despotism
in all cases. All history teaches that this is
true. For instance, before the war the south
ern states presented examples of unity with
out variety. The township system was there
comparatively unknown —the unity consisted
of a powerful class of property" owners, a
slave aristocracy, with its trained hereditary
statesmen who controlled the functions of
their states with great ability and power, but
it was the power of absolutism, lawless in the
face of laws. The want of variety consisted
in the lack of individual action. There
was no discussion, no opposition, no
dissent. The grievance of the south before
the war was that its assertions of rights and
privileges should be questioned even, in the
north. And the contest was, in its philo
sophical statement, a struggle between the
highest law of progress before stated and its
opposing principles of retrogression and de
cay. The people have an intuitive under
standing of all this. A political boss, or a
political ring, a corrupt combination of cap
italists in corporate powers or otherwise,
whose cry is always tbe business interests of
the country, as represented by them in their
interests, is soon recognized and defeated.
The gravity of these considerations was al
ways fully appreciated before IS6O. But
since then our political processes have yield
ed to the tendency—always the result of
great national triumphs—towards centraliza
tion in the forms and methods which result
ed so beneficently.
In my judgment it is of vast importance
that the functions of the federal government
should be as much as possible restored to
what they were before the war. It now does
too many things. It taxes with two hands.
One at the harbors exacts tariff dues op im
ports, the other in every community levies
internal excises. These systems produce a
multitude of officeholders^ dependent upon
a distant and central power, upon presidents
or congressmen looking for re-election.
While all this ei.ist3 we have a surplus in tbe
national treasury of §:U0,000,000, the tempt
ing booty of spoliating appropriations. There
is no necessity for such a rapid reduction of
the public debt. It was proper to reduce
the enormous balance against us
to its present proportions and
thu3 demonstrate the ability of the nation to
liquidate it. But now that "this is done, ha 3 j
not the generation which fought out the war, i
which gave hundreds of thousands of lives, '
which drew from the labor of production and
turned over to the labor of destruction more
than one million of men for four years done
enough? The next generation will witness
here a republic of one hundred millions of j
people, Its resources v.ill tben hava in-1
creased beyond all computation. Human
foresight can predict no drain upon them.
This debt will theu be a bagatelle. But as
long as the present system of centralization
in these respects continues, the abuses will
tend to continue, simply for the perpetration
of olllcial, personal power.
There should also be some abatement of
the jurisdiction of the federal courts. Little
by little, by statutory enactments which have
survived their necessity, these tribunals have
been compelled to assume enlarged jurisdic
tion of subject matters and in favor of par
ties, notably of corporations, and all this has
grown Into a great abuse. The dignity and
Importance at the state courts are far less
than they wen- twenty years ago. The field
of their jurisdiction baa been lessened very
materially, and the suitor from a distant part
of the state is compelled to assert his rights
hundreds of miles from home, before courts
Substantially foreign. These courts are
honest and able, it is true, but the objection
to any political institution is not what it is,
but what it is capable of becoming.
Many other reforms could be suggested did
the limitations of this occasion permit. It
lias been deemed proper to say something
upon these subjects because the men who
are under middle age found the present sys
tem established when they became voters,
and it will exist so long as it remains un
questioned by them. And the time is ripe
for their action. There is a spirit of inquiry
abroad which will not be satisfied with an
cient and outworn political dogmas and tra
ditions. Properly guided, it will within ihe
next ten years work many important and
beneficial changes in the present system,
which was devised for other times and did
its work admirably, and which has been pre
served partly by admiration of the power it
exhibited and the wonders which it worked,
ami partly by that acquiescence which results
from failure to inquire and reason concern
ing its present validity.
It is not given us to know the future. But
we can learn from the past and reason from
the nature of man, and know this, that peo
ple seldom lose their rights except by their
own acts of forfeiture, and that so long as
the inlluence of education is fully applied to
the youth, so long as men understand their
rights and their own right to preserve them,
so long as the love of country is stronger
than interest in the fleeting personal and
political questions of the hour, so long as
abuses are detected and annihilated as they
arise, so long as the citizen feels tjiat any
infraction of the rights of the humblest
member of society is a direct invasion of his
own, so long as a nation puts its trust in and
fears and reveres that providence whose
wondrous works are seen in the destruction
of those states that made the world as a wil
derness and destroyed the cities thereof, that
opened not the house of the prisoners, so
long that people will stand in the forefront
of humanity, at once its defender and its
guide.
At the beginning of this address reference
was made to the Athenian custom by which
were commemorated those who died as they
whom we meet to honor died. I cannot
close more fittingly than in the words of Per
icles on such an occasion. This great pat
riot, who found Athens wood, and left it mar
ble, whose dying boast it was that through
him no citizen had ever put on mourning,
this statesman and orator to whom antiquity
applied the deific word "Olympian," stand
ing at the public sepulchre of those who
were slain at Samos, with Thucydides stand
ing by to give his words to futurity as an
everlasting possession, said:
"We are happy in a form of government which
cannot envy the laws of our neighbors, for
it hath served a? a model to all others^ and this
our form as committed, not to the few, but to
the whole body of the people, is called a Demo
cracy. How different soever in a private capaci
ty, we all enjoy the same general equality our
laws are fitted to preserve, and superior honors
just as we excel. The public administration is
not confined to any particular family, but is at
tainable only by merit. Poverty is not a hin
drance, since whoever is able to Eerve his coun
try meet; with no obstacle to preferment from
his first obscurity. The offices of the state we
go through without obstructions from one to an
other and live together in the mutual endearments
of private life without suspicions, not angry
with a neighbor for following the bent of his own
humor, nor putting on that countenance of dis
content which pains though it cannot punish, so
that in private life we converse without diffidence
or damage, whilst we dare not on any account
offend against the public through the
reverence we bear to the magistrates and the
laws, chiefly to those enacted for the redress of
the injured, and to those unwritten, a breach of
which is allowed disgrace.
The grandeur of this our Athens causeth the
produce of the whole earth to be imported here,
by which we reap a familiar enjoyment, not
more of the delicacies of our own growth, than
of those of other nations. In the just defence of
such a state these victims of their own valor,
scorning the ruin threatened to it, have valiantly
fought and bravely died. And every one of those
who survive, is ready, lam persuaded, to sacri
fice life in such a cause. And for you who now
survive them, it is your business to pray for a
better fate, but, to think it your duty'to pre
serve the same spirit and warmth of courage
against your enemies; not judging of the exped
iency of this from a mere harangue, where any
man, indulging a flow of words, may tell you,
what you yourselves kuow as well as he. How
many advantages there are in fighting valiantly
against yonr enemies, but rather, mak
ing the daily increasing grandeur of
this community the object of your
thoughts, and growing quite enamored of it;
and when it really appears great to your appre
hension.", think again that this grandeur was ac
quired by brave and valiant men; by men who
knew their duty; and in the moments of action
were sensible of shame; who, whenever their at
tempts were unsuccessful, thought it dishonor
that their country should stand in need of any
thing their valor could do for it, and so made it
the most glorious present, bestowing thus their
lives on the public, they have every one received
a praise that will never decay, a sepulcher that
will always he most illustrious—not that in which
their bones lie mouldering, but that in which
their fame is preserved—to be on every occasion
when honor is the employ of either word or act,
eternally remembered. This whole earth is the
sepulcher of illustrious men; nor is it the in
scriptions on the columns in their native soil
alone that show their merit, but the memorial of
them, better than all inscriptions, in every for
eign nation, reposited more durably in universal
rememhrance than on their own tomb.
The exercises were closed by the fine ren
dering of "Nearer My God to Thee" by the
First Kegiment band followed by the grand
old national anthem "America,"
in which all voices and
instruments made common jointure and
which rolled in one errand paean over the
house tops to the distant bluffs and by them
were re-echoed back again.
After benediction had been pronounced
by Rev. Dr. Riddell the immense conclave.in
attendance quietly dispersed |to their homes.
Kl.snrhere.
AT HASTINGS.
[Special Telegram to the Globe. |
Hastings, May 30.—Decoration day was
observed by every individual of all classes.
Business houses and shops were closed. The
exercises were opened by Marshal Peller post
through Maj. Sullivan. Orders were read by
Post Adjutant Dewit Priugle, who was fol
lowed in an eloquent patriotic address by
Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, whose periods were
enthusiastically cheered by the hundreds
present. It was one of the finest specimens
of eloquence ever uttered, and strictly appli
cable to the occasion.
The procession formed at 2 o'clock, com
posed of 600 school children, Peller post,
firemen and I. O. O. F, and proceeded to the
cemetry, where the graves of the fallen horoes
were decorated by the children under the di
rection of the superintendent of schools.
AT OWATONNA.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Owatonna, Minn., May 30.—Decoration
Day was generally observed here. The busi
ness places were closed and the G. A. R.
post conducted the ceremonies in good shape.
From 5,000 to 6,000 people on foot and in
carriages were prasent. The procession was
about one and a half miles long. The flow
ers were nicely arranged. C. W. Hadley was
marshal and J. W. Burck assistant. Speech
es were made by Hon. J. M. Burlingame and
Hon. L. L. Wheelock. This is the first time
Owatonna has observed Decoration Day, and
all pronounce it a grand success.
AT BRAINERD.
[Social Telegram to the Globe.]
Br.uxSd, May 30.—Memorial day ush
ered in with national salute of 38 guns at
sun rise from" the Brainerd batten-. All
business houses closed at 9 o'clock, and all
are profusely decorated, also private resi
dences generally. The G. A. R. post led' in
the demonstration, which begins at 2 o'clock,
on arrival of Col. Benton, the orator.
AT MASON CITY.
[Special Telegram to the Giobe.J
Masos Cur, la.. Msy 30.—Decoration
Day was celebrated here with unusual dem
onstrations, some 10,000 people assembled
to pay tribute to the heroic Boldiers of the
late war. Col. San ford delivered the ora
tion.
AT JAMESTOWN.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.J
Jamestown, Dak., May 30.—Memorial
Day was duly observed by the people of this
city to-day. The rain in the afternoon in
terfered with the procession, but the music
and speaking were carried out according to
programme in the court house. It was the
first demonstration of the kind ever held in
Jamestown. AG. A. It. post is in process
of organization here.
AT YANKTON.
[Special Telegram to the Giobe.]
Yamkton, D. T., May 30.—Decoration day
was celebrated here by Phil Kearney post, G.
A. R., and Gen. Custercamp, of Yankton,
assisted by almost the enti* population.
Gen. Hugh J. Campbell delivered the ora
tion.
■WHSHINGTON.
Washington, May 30. —The weather is
cool and breezy and tue sky partly cloudy.
The circumstances were in the highest degree
favorable for out-door ceremonies and me
morial exercises at the soldiers' graves. All
public buildings and banks were closed
throughout the day and private business
houses closed their doors at noon. The prin
cipal procession was composed of the Grand
Army posts and formed on Ninth and Tenth
streets, and headed by the Marine band
marched at 10 o'clock via the Pennsylvania
avenue to the National cemetery at Arlington
Heights. The procession there disbanded
and spent a couple of hours decorating
the graves with flowers and evergreens.
At noon the veterans and spectators
reassembled at the amphitheater and listened
to the reading of a poem by Will Carleton,
and an oration by. Hon. Stewart L. Wood
ford, of New York. The cemetery was
thronged with visitors, and the ground cov
ered with floral tributes. Some 3,000 or
4,000 persons visited the Congressional cem
etery, where soldiers' graves were decorated
under the supervision of the committee of
the Grand Arm-y. Special services were here
held over the grave of Col. A. B. Meacham,
of the Modoc war fame. The ceremonies
at the Soldiers' home were similar to those at
Arlington, Hon.Wm. T. Price, of Wisconsin,
was orator of the day, and he had among his
hearers a cluster of distinguished army and
navy officers, veterans of the late war. Some
of them retired. The Second Artillery band
furnished appropriate music. Committees of
the Grand Army visited and decorated the
soldiers' graves in Oak Hill, Glenwood and
Battle Ground cemeteries, and the German
Veterans' union held memorial services over
twentj'-three graves of the German soldiers
at Prospect cemetery. There was no dimi
nution of the former interest taken in the
day. All monuments in the nu
merous parks of the city are
wreathed with evergreens, and flags are float
ing from all the public and many private
buildings. About 4,000 excursionists, espe
cially tue Grand Army, with their families,
who had already taken a part in the com
memoration here, departed for the battle
field at Fredcrieksburg, Va., where interest
ing ceremonies were held.
AT SPRINGFIELD.
Springfield, 0., May 30.—Decoration day
was observed here with unusual manifesta
tions of interest. An immense number of
people participated at Fern Cliff. The ad
dress was delivered by Dr. C. A. Kemper. of
Cincinnati, and ex-President Hayes, who
spoke in behalf of government aid in the ed
ucation of the illiterate in different portions
of the country, and urged the people to exert
their influence on the house of rep
resentatives to pass the senate
bill to aid in the estal. shment and temporary
support of common schools. Mr. Hayes said
had it not been for ignorance there would
have been no rebellion, and that the blacks
having been enfranchised, it was the duty of
the governm^t to so educate them that they
could vote intelligently. When war ends the
duties of peace must follow. The slaves are
yet but half emancipated; the thraldrom of
ignorance must be broken.Freedom and priv
ilege of voting are due to education, but are
not complete in their work. Universal suf
frages should be based on universal educa
tion. The work of the Peabody trustees, and
of the managers of the John F. Slater fund
of a million dollars, alluded to Mr. Slater's
provision that manual labor be taught with
tbe educational branches. The bill which had
passed the senate was not perfect, but it was
a good beginning in the right direction.
There are difficulties to be overcome.
Almost half of the voters of the
south were lately slaves, the other half are
not adequately educated. There are now
more than a million voters who cannot read
the ballots they cast. The case is urgent.
Continued ignorance may put in jeopardy
the nation's life once more. The address
was entirely unpartisan and statesmanlike
and produced a profound impression.
AT INDIANAPOLIS.
Indianapolis, May 30.—The observance
of Decoration Day was more general than for
several years past. Business was almost en
tirely suspended, and thousands of people
witnessed the parade, which was the largest
ever seen in the city. The weather was
bright and beautiful, and flowers unusually
abundant. The procession proceeded to
Crown hill, where the decoration ceremonies
took place, and the oration delivered by Col.
Samuel Merrill.
AT COLOMBUS.
Columbus, 0., May 30. —Decoration day
was generally observed by the suspension of
business, the decoration of soldiers' graves,
parade, and a spcach by General R. P. Ken
nedy. General Rosecrans officiatod in un
veiling the soldiers' monument at Delaware,
Ohio, making a speech, and followed by oth
er prominent gentlement. Governor Hoad
ley and staff were present, over 15,000 peo
ple attending the exercises.
AT GETTYSBURG.
Gettysburg, May 39.—The largest crowd
ever assembled here on Decoration day gath
ered in the National cemetery to-day. There
was a parade at the cemetery by the grand
army. The graves were decorated by chil
dren. The oration was by Hon. Martin Mc-
Ginnis, of Montana.
AT MOUND CITY.
Cairo, Ills., May 30. —Decoration Day at
Mound City was generally observed, about
5.000 people being present; Gen. Geo.Smith,
of Murphysboro, orator of the day.
AT 'PHILADELPHIA. •
Philadelphia, May 30.—General observ
ances of Decoration day by the Grand Army,
and the citizens crowded the cemetaries.
Finely Fitted Cp.
Among the most elegant improvements recent
ly made on that handsome thoroughfare, Waba
shaw street, is that of Mr. Booth, for many
years the most popular caterer in St. Paul, at Xo.
319, directly opposite the Grand Opera house.
He bas fitted hi? lower floor front in truly artistic
style for the dispensation of refreshments to the
best class of gentlemen. His fixtures and
furnitnre are probably the most tasteful and
ornate in the city, and Mr. Booth will serve
nothing but the finest goods to be procured. It
will be the popular resort of gentlemen not only
during the day, but in the evening between the
acts at the Opera house. He will also continue
his private supper rooms on the second floor and
serve all the delicacies and dainties of the season
in the best manner possible. Mr. Booth will be
"at home" to his friends to-night, when he will
be glad to have his improvement inspected.
He Wanted a Parade of His Own.
Aaron Cox, of the colored persuasion, be
came so enthusiastic during the procession
that he started out to get up a circus on his
own hook. The forty-rod tangle-foot was at
work in his frenzied brain and he commen
ced his racket by trying to break up the pa
rade. After he had upset a couple of bug
gies he was collared by Officer Call, when
one of the livli«t picnics took place that has
been witnessed for a long time. He resisted
and fought the officer from Pine to Siblev
street and at the latter point he was
dumped into an express wagon.
He fought all the harder on account of the
free ride and he managed to get up a proces
sion on his own account after all, for by the
time the layout reached the tower it must
have been followed by a thousand excited
THIS IS NOT PEACE.
For the Transportation Boutes are
Fighting Bate Wars.
The lllver War.
[Chicago Times, 30th.]
An interesting development in the freight
war to upper Mississippi river points was an
order yesterday from Traffic Manager Wick
er, of the Northwestern, to "Joe" Reynolds,
of the Diamond Joe line, to restore rates to
Galena. About three weeks ago the North
western instructed the Diamond Joe line to
punish the Illinois Central at every point,
and the instructions have been complied
with to the letter. Last Tuesday the North
western issued a joint tariff with the steam
er line, cutting rates to Galena. This touched
the Illinois Central in atendcrspot, and vig
orous retaliatory measures were determined
upon. General Freight Agent Tucker in
formed Mr. Wicker that Galena rates must
be at once restored, or he would be com
pelled not only to meet the Galena rate, but
to reduce to a minimum rates to Freeport
and Dubuque as well. This action would
have been a serious blow to the Northwest
ern, and Mr. Wicker at once ordered the
restoration of Galena rates.
The indications are that the upper river
war will come to an end within two or three
weeks. The Northwestern's position has
been materially weakened by restrictions im
posed by the Northwestern Traffic association
in forbidding it to quote less than tariff to
St. Paul. Its action now in restoring Galena
rates is accepted as conclusive evidence that
overtures for an entire cessation of hostilities
will soon be made.
A Rate tt'ar.
A special of the 29th from Dcs Moines to
the Chicago Times says: The fun which was
promised by the knowing ones in the disin
tegration of the Central lowa 1 raffle assccia
tion is in active operation. The association
went out of existence on the 24th of this
month. The retiring partner was the Wa
bash road. The prescribed thirty days'
notice bad been given and expired on that
date. Hardly had the required
time peen fulfilled before the slashing com
menced between Dcs Moines and St. Louis.
Milwaukee and Chicago rates were mildly
cut. At first each cut, however, was outbid
by the rival members of the defunct associa
tion. This included, besides the Wabash,
Eock Island, Bulington and Quincy, and
Milwaukee and St. Paul roads. Up to within
the past forty-eight hours no active slaughter
had been done. Yesterday and to-day, how
ever, the were rapidy and severe. Those in
the best position to know say that the bot
tom has not been reached yet by any means.
Just where, the war will end is hard to say,
but unless a peace is patched up, which
seems improbable at present, traffic between
the points named is likely to be carried
on at a decided loss~on the part of the car
riers.
Sail Notes.
At the annual meeting of the Wisconsin
Central railway, C. L. Colby was re-elected
president, and E. H. Abbott vice president
and secretary. At the annual meeting of
the roads which make up the Wisconsin
Central system, the old officers were re
elected.
The stockholders of tbe Columbus and
Eastern railroads yesterday elected the fol
lowing directors: J. E. Redfield, G. G. Col
lins, C. D. Firestone, D. D. Warren, R. W.
Reynolds, John R. Hughes, George Bellows,
'Augustine Converse and J. A.-Jeffrey. The
board organized by electing J. E. Redfield
president, G. G. Collins vice president, J.
C. Donaldson secretary, W. E. Guerin solici
tor, and C. H. Roser general manager.
THE COURTS.
Supreme Court.
At yesterday's session of the April term all
the justices were present and the following
business was transacted:
Edward Mills and Wm. Hutton, respond
ents, vs. A. G. Lombard, defendant: Sey
mour, Sabin & Co., intervenors, appellants;
argued by counsel for respondents and sub
mitted on briefs by appellant.
J. S. Rowell, Ira Eowell et al., appellants,
vs. A. Olson, respondent; argued and sub
mitted.
Robert Osborne et al., appellants, vs. The
Knife Falls Boom company et al., respond
ents; argued and submitted.
State of Minnesota, plaintiff, vs. Wm. F.
Thompson, defendant; argued and submit
ted.
Adjourned to Monday at 9:30 a. m.
District Court.
COrjKT CASES.
[Before Judge Simons.]
T. A. Abbott & Co. vs. Malinda Swank;
mechanic's lien; argued and submitted.
Adjourned to 10 a. m. on Monday.
JURY CASES.
[Before Judge Brill. |
Rialda Dorman vs. Jas. W. and Geo. R.
Routh; verdict for defendants.
Wm. Erickson vs. Wm. Cunningham and
Chas. L. Haas; on trial.
Adjourned to 10 a. m. to-day.
Municipal Court.
[Before Judge Burr.J
John Bertram, assault; dismissed.
J. Pribel, disorderly; bond given to keep
the peace.
W. Shaperia, larceny; continued until to
day.
A LIGHT DOCKET.
A Diyided Flock, and Serious Charges
Against One of the Brethren.
It was a quiet morning in the pqlice court
and the docket was the lightest almost of the
year. Even the bull pen was about deserted
and it seemed that out of respect for the day,
the dove of peace had spread its snowy wing
over the spot that had seen so much human
degradation and misery.
About the only case worthy of note was
that of Wm. Shaperia, who was charged with
the larceny of about Sl9 in church funds. It
seems that the trouble grew out of a dissen
sion or split in a congregation of Hebrews
who formerly worshiped in a temple near
Twelfth and Robert streets. Recently there
was a split, a portion of the brethren going to
the Sixth ward. Among the latter was the
defendant, whom, it is claimed, took the
funds of the church and twenty-one members
with him, leaving fourteen members behind.
The latter are doing the kicking and
the flock is grenth- scandalized and broken
up at the turn affairs have taken. The case
will come up to-day.
J. Pribel was up for abusing Mrs. Goosech,
and he was put under bonds to keep the
peace, and the assault case of John Bertram
was dismissed.
A Test Case.
The case of the State of Minnesota, plain
tiff, vs. Wm. F. Thompson, of Minneapolis,
was argued and submitted in the supreme
court yesterday. This is the old case of Far
nam & Lovejoy against their bookkeeper,
Wm. F. Thompson, for tbe embezzlement
of certain moneys of the firm of which tak
ing Thompson claimed that Lovejoy v.as !
cognizant and party to. The case had j
been heard in the Hennepin county court I
on "motion of Thompson's counsel to |
dismiss tbe indictment found against him
by the grand jury, and that being decided j
adversely appeal was taken to the higher i
court. The public interest centering in this I
test case is whether an indictmeut can be
pigeon-holed away in the office of a district
court, and be hauled out to be taken up at
any time, at the pleasure of tbe county at- j
torney.
Minnesota and the Queen.
|N. V.'Evening Telegram. [
Tbe birthday celebration of tbe empress,
queen of Great Britain and India, in Mm- !
nesota, was a festival calculated to stir the
ire of the aldermen who objected to the
opening of the Brooklyn bridge on a similar
occasion. On the free soil of the northern
prairie American citizens marched in a
grand procession, played cricket, barbecued
a hvge r>x and fed the entire population o-
roast beef, all on account of Qeen Victoria.
Those degenerate representatives of Undo
Sam even went so far as to import especially
for the occasion! '"sixty elderly ladies of
Canadian birth,'•who strewed flowers in tho
queen's name. How the blood of "Rich
elieu" Kobinson must boil at the tiding!
from the Northwest. Let him arise in cuu
tfress to-day and give the British liou's tail
another vigorous twist, and introduce a bill
prohibiting the importation of "elderly ladles
of Canadian birth. .
boaeeTof public woeks.
A Number of Assessments Confirmed
—Contract Let for Fourth
Street Grading, Etc.
At the regular meeting last evening all the
members were present and Mr. Farrington
presiding, the following business was trans
acted.
The assessment for the construction of a
sewer on Rondo street from westerly end of
present sewer to Western avenue, was com
pleted and the clerk authorized to give con
firmation notice.
Specifications for grading Josette street,
from Dayton avenue to Fuller street, were
approved and the clertf instructed to adver
tise for bids.
The following bids were received for grad
ing Fourth street from Commercial to Holt
man street: J. W. Forsythe, 83,160; C. F.
Huebner, 82,215; James "McDonald, .*1,95 U.
Awarded to James McDonald.
Tlie amount charged against Patrick Xa?h
by the city for completing bis contract on
the Pleasant avenue and Ramsey street
sewers, was reduced to the amount of $G4.'JO.
The communication of the engineer com
plaining that the contractor for planting
trees on Corao avenue was not complying
with specifications in regard to painting true
boxes was placed on file.
The following assessments were con
firmed: Grading Marion street from Como
avenue to Fuller street, at estimated cost of
53,054.25; grading Carroll street from
Mackubin street to west line of Mackubin
& Marshall's addition at estimated cost of
$2,246.50; grading Prairie street from
Douglas street to Western avenue at esti
mated cost of .$3,479.95; gradigg Iglehart
street from Mackubin street to Dale Btreet
at estimated cost of $2,037.95; grading
Cherry street from Hoffman to Maria,
avenue at estimated cost of $1,962.45;
grading the Mcßoal street from Seventh street
to Douglas street at estimated cost of $637.55;
sewer on Exchange street from St. Peter to
the west line of lot seven, block four, Buzille
& Guerin's addition, at estimated cost of
5503.53; for paving Third street from Sibley
street to Pleasant avenue.
Objections of P. D. Clossen, Adam and M.
G. Norley and of Otto Mueller to the grading
of Iglfiliart street between Mackubin ana Dalo
streets were placed on file.
The petition of John \V. Doherty, contrac
tor, to use St. Paul cement pipe after it has
been tested to the satisfaction of the engi
neer on the Mississippi and Williams street
sewers in place of vitrified pipe called for in
specifications, was granted provided the at
torney says that the same still not affect the
assessment.
A favorable report was sent to the council
for the grading of Mount Airy street, at aa
estimated cost of £12,000.
It was voted that the clerk be directed to
call the attention of the chief of police to the
fact, that Third street, In front of Drake's
block, is being obstructed, in violation of the
ordinance, and hindering the paving
contractor thereon, with a request that they
be at once removed.
The billof the Scribner Ptoofing and Cor
nice company of $75 against J. 11. Doherty,
contractor, for grading Portland avenue, for
replacing asphalt sidewalk on the boulevard,
destroyed by order oi the board, and to la
replaced under said Doherty's cantract with
the city, was referred to the attorney and
engineer.
The engineer was instructed to lay a side
walk on the street line and grade on south
side of Susan street, when ordered.
The objections of John Grace to the con
firmation of the assessment for grading Mc-
Boal street from Seventh to Dayton was
placed on file, as also the release ofChas. A.
Munn for the grading of Mt. Airy street from,
Broadway to L" Orient street.
The engineer was instructed to see that
certain repairs are made on Seventh street,
in front of Knauft's new block, and in front
of Smith <}fc Lewis' coal office, where excava
tions have been made.
The board voted to visit Oakland avenue
at two o'clock to-day, with a view of con
demning property for opening the same on a
three foot grade to the 100 to that part of St.
Anthony hill south of Summit avenue. The
land to be condemned is along the line of
Pleasant avenue from Ramsey street to Oak
land avenue, and thence along Oakland to
Grand avenue. The improvement if carried
out will prove the easiest and most traveled
route between St. Paul and Minneapolis.
Adjourned.
Everybody Knows It.
When yon have Itch, Salt liheum, Calls, o
Skin eruptions of any kind, and the Piles, the
you know without being told of it, A, P. WHkes
B. & E. Zimmerman andE. Stierle,the dniL:_'!-t3
will Bell you Dr. Bosanko's Pile remedy foi Ifry
cents, which affords immediate relief. A i-ura
cure .
Lit by His Dmllieeii.
A small barn across the way from Glenn's
saloon on Valley street took fire, it is thought
from the pipe of its owner as he was handling
hay, at eleven o'clock yesterday forenoon,
and damaged it and contents to the tune of
§50 before the flames were extinguished by
the fire department. The proprietor was :i
water peddler, and his lace and hands were
badly burned in his futile efforts to counter
act the mischief done by his dudheen.
A Visitor's Impressions.
Mr. Heath, president of the Firemen's
Insurance company of New York, was in the
city yesterday. He stated that he had come
up from St. Louis to St. Paul and Minneap
olis and he had nowhere seen such splendid
business blocks as those which crowd lowei
Third street, Sibley, Fifth, Fourth and Jack
son, nor more bustliug streets than Seventh
and Wabashaw nor more attractive stores.
The private residences were objects of at
traction and called from the visitor expres
sions of surprise and admiration. He Btated
that in the particulars mentioned St. Louis
does not compare, with St. Paul.
The Cheapest Mammoth Daily.
[Fergus Falls Democrat.J
The enterprising manager of the St. Paul
Globe announces that the paper will be fur
nished for six months, thus covering the en
tire period of the presidential campaign, six
copies per week, for §3.50, or seven copies
at £4.25. The Globe as a newspaper is par
excellence, giving all the news of the day in
an attractive form, and at the price offered
is the cheapest mammoth daily published in
the country. The offer ought to swell its
circulation to 50,000. •
The Frightful DUuHpaHon of an Actor.
Boston Herald.
Old Actor Couldock's favorite diversion li
eating peanuts sprinkled with red pepper.
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HI !!\S. siAt.nii,
Arid all other bodily acnes
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f-old by all Drnpglsts
Dealers. Directions in 11
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(Boec-i ,ri to A. VOTEI.ER 1 1.0.)
■ Il.llimor.. >M.. B, 8. 4,
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