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SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA.
1850—Capt. Edwin Bell—First Carbon or
Kerosene Oil — How Things Looked ~
Keal Estate--An Inveutor—lii Person—
Capt. .lam-, s Stark* y—St. Paul Sewerage
System—Starkry as a.Man—John Bell—
Keal Estate Transactions — Has Never
Moved—Hell Personally—Joseph Mon
teur—James H. Broivn—Wm. H. IlliiiKS
■wovth—Luke Marvin — Recollections—
BY T. M. XEVtSOS.
CAPT. EDWIN BELL —FIRST CARBON OR KERO
Capt. Bell waa born in Pennsylvania in
1816; came to St. Paul in 1850; in the
spring of ISSI made a claim twelve miles
below St. Paul, at a place now called Lang
don, but he found he had mistaken his call-
Ing as a farmer, and returned to St. Paul in
1854, and commenced steamboating on the
Minnesota river; in 1557 opened a whole
sale and retail grocery store in connection
irith his brother, H. Y. Bell, in Irvine block,
appcr Third street, and here they offered for
lale in this city the first carbon, or what
;s now known, kerosene oil; also
ihe first lamps for burning it: had command
of the steamboat that took d&vn the first
load of freight on the Red river of the north
to Wiunepeg, at which time Winnepeg had
only three houses; built the first dam on the
Red river of the north, in order that steam
boats could get over the bar at Goose rapids;
moved the Winnebagoes by steamboat from
Muukato to St. Paul during the war; had
charge of the United States improvements in
the Minnesota river for several years; also
for a part of the time those of the Wisconsin
river, under Gen. G. K. Warren: superin
tended the building of the largesfcdam in the
Mississippi river above St. Louis, for the Chi-
L-:igo it Milwaukee liailroa4 company, and
this dam was constructed alter Capt. Bell's
own patent; conveyed the first guns and
ammunition in the Indian war to points on
the Minnesota river.
HOW THINGS LOOKED.
The Captain says that when he arrived at
St. Paul the tirst man who met him was
Judge Goodrich, and he called out to him,
without an introduction—"Mr., your old
pung looks like a broken-winged duck," and
indeed it did, for it was all torn to pieces by
the brush and was tied together by straps
taken from his trunk, as he had made the
trip in it overland from below. He says
there was not a house north of Third street,
except a few on Robert street. All the boats
landed then at the upper levee at the foot of
Eagle street. Opposite St. Paul, now the
Sixth Ward, with a population of 12,000, the
land was covered with heavy timber, and in
this timber the Indians made it their home,
especially in the winter. From Chestnut
Etreet to near the Cave, the timber Was also
very dense and heavy.
He bought one acre on Pleasant avenue
for $300; sold it for 33,000; worth now $25,
--000; purchased three lots on Dayton avenue,
for which he paid about $500; he holds them
yet: worth $30,000, without the houses.
When the writer came to St. Paul in 1853,
Capt. Bell's little white house was away out
of town, and people wondered why he did
not buy somewhere inside of civilization! but
now he is surrounded with some of the finest
mansions in the city, one alone costing over
$150,000! He is the oldest continuous in
habitant on St. Anthony Hill, and has lived
in his present house near a quarter of a cen
Capt. Bell is quite a genius. He is the
inventor of the best dams in the Mississippi
' river, and has recently brought to perfection
an invention to wash gold and silver and
sopper from the gravel in which it is found,
or from the rock when powdered.
Capt. Bell is a tall man and moves over
the ground with an angular motion some
what like persons born in the south. He
takes long strides and comes down upon one
like "a, huge steamer under a full head of
6team. He is a man of positive character
istics, and is well adapted to command.
What he knows he knows, or he sincerely
;hinks he knows. He is a pusher; that is,
what he has to do he does energetically. He
is conservative in his nature and never
makes a venture. He is kind, pleasant,
talkative, social, a good citizen and a good
man, and has accumulated enough of this
(rorld's goods to live comfortably the remain
ier of his life. His wife is descended from
>ne of the finest families in Europe.
CAPT. JAMES STARKET.
Born in England, 1818: came to America
in 1849; to St. Paul in 1850; was assistant
lecretary of the territory from 1850 to 1853;
a member of the legislature in 1857; speaker
pro tern of the house same year; captain of
Hie St. Paul Light cavalry in 1855; on duty
in 1857,t0 protect settlers at Rum river from
Indians; was engaged in a battle; had one
man killed; killed two Indians and took
Beven prisoners; commanded the Chisago
Rangers in ISGI to hold in check the In
dians on the St. Croix; raised a company of
cavalry on the breaking out of the rebellion
and tendered it to the government, but it
wtxs not accepted; in 1862, at the time of the
Indians massacre, was in command of a
company of mounted rangers and did good
service against the savages; resided at Col
ambus in 1803; ran a saw mill; was
county commissioner of Anoka county;
justice of the peaco; engaged in railroading;
made the first survey of a railroad route from
St. Paul to Lake Superior, which, with slight
modifications, was subsequently adopted;
was a contractor on the Lake Superior &
Mississippi railroad—now St. Paul & Duluth
—and broke the first ground for the construe
Con of the Northern Pacific road.
ST. PAUL SEWERAGE SYSTEM.
At the urgent request of the Board of Pub
lic Works in 1873, Capt. Starkey was induced
to take charge of the city sewers and inaugu-
Tate a system, or in other words, bring order
out of chaos; this he succeeded in doing by
establishing a sewer department; compiled
the sewerage ordinances, and pre
pared plans and specifications for a
large number of main and lateral
sewers, which were constructed under his
supervision, and as we are informed, there
has been no material change in Mr. Star
key's plan or system since, although suc
ceeding engineers have attempted to im
prove on the same. Having, therefore,
given his brain and long experience to the
city for a low salary, his connection ceased
with the city in 1575. That his labors in the
sewerage department of the city have stood
the test of years, and the further fact that his
youngest son, Albert, a promising engineer,
has now sole charge of the city sewerage de
partment, is a source of gratification to those
who know the subject of our sketch. Capt.
Starkey is at present a member of the Ram
gey county Plat Commission, and has re
cently received the appointment of assistant
inspector of buildings in this city. His son,
Edward, is now serving his second term as
alderman of the Fifth ward.
" STARKET AS A MAN.
Capt. Starkey X) a well-built and well-pre
•erved man, somewhat on the old English
gentleman style; suple, active, humorous,
and independent. He is a man of fine at
tainments ;a ready writer, a poet, and a good
speaker. In the early days of the Demo
cratic party, he was a man of influence
among his associates, but he was like many
others, too modest to ask for services ren
dered, and therefore got nothing. He is
naturally a soldier; brave and commanding;
loves military life and had fate thrown him i
in the regular army, he would huve made a j
fine record. He is independent. Of late '<
years thinks and acts politically on his own i
individual convictions; is ambitious, but
spurns office unless obtained without cor- |
ruption; is social; even playful; always i
scatters sunshine wherever ho goes, although j
dark clouds may at the same time shade tfee j
heart. He is kind, genial, temperate, hon
est and sympathetic; has led an active, use
ful life, and though not recompensed in his
own person for services rendered the city,
yet it must be gratifying to him to see the
meritorious traits of his family fully appreci
ated by a discerning public. Although
merging on to seventy years, he is a man
apparently just in his prime, and bid 9 fair to
outlive many younger men.
A ruggeifson of Erin, a hardy toiler, a'
saving, thrifty, honest, industrious man, is
bold, bluff, John Bell. Who of the old set
tlers do not know himi Who does not re
spect him for his manly qualities} Mr. Bell
was born in the north of Ireland in 1826;
came to America in 1847, and for a time
resided in Massachusetts; arrived in St. |
Paul in 1S50; worked for Gov. Ramsey; |
married in 1556: for a number of years was
engaged in hauling goods for the govern
ment; in later years contracted for digging
cellars; Avas among the first to deal in lime
and cement in this city, and is engaged in
this business now.
HIS REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS.
He was offered a lot on the corner of
Bench and Wabashaw streets, where the
Tivoli now is, for $10; couldn't see the
value; didn't take it; lot now worth $20,
--0 bought of Judge Lambert the block in
lower town on which the residence of Mr.
Beaupre stands, for 8100; gave it to his
brother; brother sold it for $900; worth now
$75,000; he owned fifty feet on Third street,
between Cedar and Wabashaw, for which he
paid $300; worth $50,000; purchased a lot
on Minnesota street for a yoke of cattle, with
horns broken, cost $200; worth §20,000;
owns one hundred feet on the same street;
cost $400, worth $30,000; owns four acres
on Lake Como, for which he paid $800,
mostly in work, worth $50,000; could have
bought 150 feet on Fifth street, by 100 on
Minnesota, for §200, worth §40,000; helped
build the old Lake Como road, for Henry
McKenty: and numerous other bargains he
could have picked up, but let them slip—
just for fun!
HAS NEVER MOVED.
Mr. Bell built a house on Minnesota
street nearly a quarter of a century ago,
where he now lives and in this place he has
raised a family of five boys and two girls,
and has never moved from the old home
stead. Clerk Bell, of the district court, is
his oldest son, and he is a bright, promising
young man. John Bell has never
known the luxury of moving,
and this may account in a great degree for
his uniform temper, although he does, some
times, get mad, probably because he can't
move. In addition to his other property he
has a store on Third street, for which he re
ceives a rental of §150 per month.
While Mr. Bell has been and is now a hard
working, industrious man, yet he has a good
deal of vim in him, and those who attempt
to run over him usually get bit. He is strong,
sinewy, tough; has a good stock of common
sense, and great will power. He has ac
cumulated his property by "the sweat of his
brow," and is a sturdy citizen. When thor
oughly excited, he is like a lion, and bears
down upon his opponent with all the force
at his command,and yet he is a solid, worthy,
Mr. Monteur came to St. Paul in IS4B and
claims to be the oldest blacksmith in the
crty, even ranking Col. Wm. H. Nobles, of
whom we have written. He was born in
181S, and is now 72 years of age. He nu
among the old French settlers, and cannot
realize the great growth the city has made
since he first came here. He bought a lot
of Louis Robert for $70. sold it back to him
again for $1,000; worth now §20,000. Jo
seph Villaume, born in France, and who
came here in 1549, is now dead, and we can
glean no information about him.
JAMES H. BKOWN.
Born in Canada in 1537: had a common
school education ; came to St. Paul in ISSO,
where he learned the trade of shoemaker:
was afterward cabin boy on a Mississippi
river steamboat; followed boating thereafter
seventeen years; engaged in the grocery
business in this city, and is, or was until re
cently, proprietor of a large retail grocery
store. He married Miss Anne Murphy.
WM. H. ILLINGWORTH
Was born in England in 1844; came to
America at an early day, and settled in
Philadelphia; removed to St. Paul in 1850:
was engaged with his father in the jewelry
business on Jackson street until he became
of age, when he went to Chicago to learn
photography; established himself in business
in this city in 1867, where he has continued
ever since. He has taken views in the Black
Hills, Montana, and in many other places,
and ranks high in his profession. He is a
a quiet man; unostentatious, and devoted
to his art. He has a gallery in the lower
part of the city.
Born in England in 1820; came to the
United States in 1842; resided for a short
time in Kentucky; removed to St. Paul in
1850; engaged in the mercantile business
until 1861; was a member of the City Coun
cil; President of the same; and durinsr this
year was appointed Register of U. S. Land
office at Duluth, then a place of three
houses, and where he went to reside and con
tinued to live until his death; remained in
this office eight years; was Auditor of St.
Louis county nine years; was a member of
the Legislature in IS7I-2; was in favor of,
and an active promoter of a "railroad to the
Lake, especially to Duluth, and he lived long
enough to see this enterprise completed. He
was Postmaster of Duluth for about ten
years; then his eldest son became Posff
master; then his next oldest son, and this
son finally resigned.
When we first met Mr. Marvin he was
keeping a «hoe store on Third street, and
lived on the corner of Broadway and Seventh
streets, in a small building which has long
since given way to a large brick store. He
was a small man, very conscientious in the
discharge of his duties, and had a somewhat
plaintive voice. He was quick in his move
ments; public spirited; industrious; honest;
governed by principle; ambitious; a great
Republican worker; a strong party man, and
a worthy citizen. We met him at Duluth in
the winter of 1865, when he occupied a small
building as United States land office, over
looking the lake and bay, and which build
ing is still standing or was last summer.
Then three or four houses constituted Duluth'.
We met him again a few
years later as postmaster, and
when Duluth had grown to the dignity of a
city, with a population of several thousands.
Prospectively he was then a rich man in real
estate. Once again we met him; Jay Cook
had failed; real estate had depreciated: Du
luth was on its back; Mr. Marvin's riches
and the fortunes of many others had fled. We
met him once more broken down in health,
and then the news came—gone! Mr. Mar
vin was a prominent settler in the early days
of Saint Paul, and his memory is cherished
by all those who knew him. And thus the
links in the chain of the past are being sev
ered and each year the line is growing short
er and shorter.
Mr.<Furnell was Dora in New Hampshire
in 1817; came to St. Paul in 1843; was en
gaged for several years as a teamster; made
the original claim of the old Larpeatuer farm
THE ST. PAUL SUNDAY GLOBE, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 29,18841
on the St. Anthony.road, consisting of IGO
acres; broke and cultivated ten
acres; held it three years, when
he sold it to Lot Moffett,
for $100; worth now $125,000; purchased
two acres on Fort street, on part of which
stands the residence of Robert Smith, Esq.,
for twenty dollars; worth now $5,0,000. Mr.
FuriK-11 is a tall, thin, emaciated man, with
spectacles, and his health has been greatly
impaired by a nervous disease. He has seen
a great deal of trouble, but is an honest, up
right, honorable man.
ST. JOHN'S UNIVERSITY.
Closing 1 Exercises at Collegeville
[Special correspondence of the Globe.]
The^scboolastic year closed at the Univer
sity on the 25th, with appropriate exercises.
At 7 o'clock A. M. the faculty students and
invited guests repaired to the parlors of the
University where the following exercises
March, by St. John's University Cornet
band. Upon entering the hall, the band
played a select medley, American Overture.
Then followed the reading of the bulletins;
after which the band played another grand
march. Here the Rt. Rev. Abbot came for
ward and in a few but well chosen words in
troduced the Hon. John Archander, District
Atty., Wilmar, Minn., who delighted his
audience with a very able and interesting
lecture on the subject of education, in course
of which he took occasion to highly extoll
the Fathers of the Benedictine order in gen
eral and those of St. John's in particular for
their untiring efforts in training the youth
and making him an able member of society.
The following is a brief summary of the
. Hon. speaker's lecture.
He began by relating the story of Alladin,
in the "Arabian Nights." "The old rusty
copper lamp, according to my interpreta
tion," said the Hon. speaker, "is knowledge.
A person seeking knowledge meets with dif
ficulties, as Alladin did when sent>for the
lamp. The boy rubbed against the lamp—
that was his will power. This produced
talent that conquered all other forces.
Alladin was sent to bring an old rusty cop
per lamp. To him it was a lamp and no
thing more, he did not appreciate its worth.
So too with a boy in search of knowledge.
To him many branches of learning appear to
be taught but to tease or plague. But,"
continued the speaker, "this is a mistaken
view, for every branch taught is a step for
ward —yeß, every problem that you solve
even- old classical author that you lay aside,
you pass another milestone; and every mile
stone that you pass brings you nearer and
nearer to the goal of your destination."
The Hon. speaker then went on to show
that the present system of education taught
in our colleges and universities is founded
on the experience of many ages.
"Ah," continued he, "were each student
now-a-days allowed the privilege of choosing
his own branches of studies, without regard
to system, there would surely be another
Babylon. (Applause.) The fathers of the
Benedictine order have educated kings, em
perors—whole nations, and civilized whole
countries, they have followed in the foot
steps of 1300 years—they have the experience
of these centuries to direct them in founding
a thorough system of education—they have
labored energetically to advance the welfare
of the community by educating the youth
and fitting them for society—and thanks to
the untiring efforts of these s"ons of St. Bene
dict they have succeeded admirably." (Pro
longed applause.) « •
The speaker then said that, though "know
ledge is power," yet it may be a power for
good or evil.
"For," continued he, "as an educated
gentleman is the highest ornament of socie
ty, so an educated rascal is the greatest
plague that ever disgraced a civilized com
munity." He then referred to examples
from his own personal knowledge of persons
who from noted educational institutions went
forth into the world and used their kitowl
edge for noble and attained high places
of honor and trust in church and state;
while others had abused- their knowledge by
using it to do wrong and to influence others
to evil. The speaker then reminded his
audience of the duties of the coming gener
"I am glad" said he, "to see a generation
rising to take the noble standing of its
predecessors. I thought that the progressive
19th century would have nothing for the
20th to do. Alexander the great hearing of
victories began to cry; when asked why he
cried, he replied;"
"Father is conquering all the nations of the
earth, and is leaving none for me to con
quer." So with vs—The 19th century has
brought down the very thunderbolts of Jupi
ter and made them subservient to man. —We
have made wonderful progress, but we are
still lacking in one thing—we must have
more patriotism; we must have no national
ity. Shed ths antique attire of the Irishman ;
the skull-cap and wooden shoes of the Ger
man, the short coat of the Xorweigan and
put on the Roman toga of genuine Ameri
canism. You have inherited an obligation
to advance our glorious America socially,
morally, religiously and politically,— in sci
ence aits and literature, until it take its place
as foremost among the nations.in power and
influence for every good,—as it is the happi
est, finest and most progressive of the na
tions of the earth."
The protracted applause which followed,
showed what a deep impression it produced
on the minds of the audience. Next, the
band played another of its choice selections,
after which came the conferring of degrees,
awarding of medals and distribution of
premiums. Degree of Ph. B. was conferred
on Mr. A. Lamothe and Rev. Stephen Koe
feer, O. L. B. Twenty-three commercial
students receiyed the degree of Master of
The gold medal of merit for excellence in
Christian doctrine was awarded to Mr.
Joseph Weisser, of St. Cloud, donor Rt. Rev.
Rupert Leidenbush, O. S. 8., D. D. The
gold medal of merit for mental and moral
philosophy was awarded to Rev. Stephen
Koefler. O. S. 8., donor Rev. Augustine
Wirth, O S. B. The Arctander Gold Medal
for elocution was awarded to Mr. John Gans,
of St. Cloud. The Arctander Silver Medal
for elocution was awarded to Mr. Willis A.
Larpenteur, St. Paul. The commercial gold
medal was awarded to Mr. John Crapp, of
St. Cloud. Donor, Hon. D. B. Searle, St.
Cloud. The gold medal for Belles Lettres
was awarded to Mr. Henry Bergmann, of
Freeport, Minn. Donor, Hon. H. C. Waite,
Besides the medals there were 71 premin
ums distributed. The band then played an
other grand march, after which the Rt. Rev.
Bishop addressed the students and reminded
them of the great importance of a proper
division of time, and cautioning them
to let not a moment glide by without making
an effort forward. Then the Rt. Rev. Abbot,
after thanking the Rt. Rev. Bishop and Hon.
J. W. Arctander for the lively interest they
evinced in the welfare and the generous sen
timents they had expressed, bade the stu
dents a sincere farewell and prosperous fu
ture. The students then repaired to the din
ing halls when a sumptuous repast awaited
A word about our Alma Maker. The
writer has been a student of St. John's for
the past six years. He knows what St. John's
was six years ago, he knows what it is to
day, foremost among the educational in
stitutions in the Northwest. He is now
about to bid farewell to his second home and
take an active part in the drama of life ;in
parting he bequeathes his heartfelt thanks to
the Rev. Fathers of the institution and to
our Alma Mater he says: "God speed you
Griggs' Glycerine Salve.
The best on earth, can truly be Baid of
Griggs' Glycerine Salve, which is a sure cure
for cuts, bruises, scalds, burns, wounds, and
all other sores. Will positively care piles,
tetter and all skin eruptions. Try this won
j der healer. Satisfaction guaranteed or money,
refunded. Only 25 cents. For sale by P
J. Dreis, St. Paul. Minn.
Ferdinand Ward's "personal schedule"
shows liabilities to the amount of $650,244,
and "actual assets" to the ameunt 0jj53,500.
The creditors will have a rich time in get
ting their pay out of theße assets. It is mar
velous that this fancy young man could have
deceived so many people, not excepting
General Grant himself, who claims that he
had no idea of what the young man was do
HOSES AND SYRINGAS.
BY I.ATKA SANFOBD.
I know not why he chose for me
Syringas, bound with roses;
Syringas pale with foam of sea,
Flamelit—lovelit the roses;
Nor why for him he bade me wear
A wreath in contrast braided;
So radiant wan, so ashen fair.
So flushed with joy unshaded.
Bat now, the mystic thought I mourn,
Syringas, sign o£ "love forlorn,"
Arid roses, "love unending \"
For on his tomb the flowers are Sung
And at Death's marble portal
The question from my soul ia wruns;
Is love or grief immortal? •
The sea its pearly tears may weep;
The morn, in joy unfolding,
May light the world; his grave -must keep
My poor wreath, tear-wet, moulding.
But if, in plants of Paradise,
The earthly form uncloses,
What.memories will his soul surprise—
Syringas, bound with roses.
New Yoek Citt.
The "Literary World" for June revives
the touching story of the poet Shelley's death
and cremation as recorded in Trelawney's
"Recollections of the Last Days of Shelley
and Byron." Byron and Shelley were togeth
er in Italy and in relations of the most inti
timate, personal friendship. Trelawney
gives a touching and harrowing account of
the drowning of Shelley, the recovery of his
bod}-, and the burning of. it at Via Reggio on
the banks of the Gulf of Spezia, in whose
stormy waves he was drowned. His ashe3
were taken to Rome and buried in the Prot
estant cemetery in a recess in the Roman
wall immediately below the pyramid of Ces
tius. Trewlawney planted out cypresses at
his grave which have now attained the height
of fifty feet. He also placed a marble tomb
stone at the grave bearing the following in
Percy B. Shelley
Natus IV Aug. MDCCXCn
Obit VIII Jul. MDCCCXXII.
"Nothing of him that doth fade
But doth suffer a sea change
Into something rich and strange."
George S. Hilliard, of Boston, in his work,
six months in Italy, thus meditates at Shel
Shelley—that intense md etherial srjirit
who was called awqy from earth before he
had completed his thirtieth year—just as his
wild visions were yielding to truth and ex
perience, and his fervid mind was working
itself clear by its own effervescence—a fact
which should always be borne in mind, both
in estimating his genius and forming an
opinion of his character.
Trelawney survived the poet three score
years. He died only a year ago in England
and requested that his remains might be
buried by the side of Shelley in Rome; and
in the space in the recess where the poet
lies, now repose the remains of his faithful
friend, Trelawney, whose love and admira
tion of the poet suffered no decay with the
lapse of years. %
Romaxce, and death bed utterances often
shrivel up into inconsequential proportions
in the presence of actual facts. The "last
words" of Daniel Webster, "I still live," ut
tered as he roused to consciousness from
sleep, were supplemented by asking his phy
sician for stimulants which had been prom
ised him that he might retain consciousness
as long as possible. The last words of Presi
dent Garfield have been translated into "Oh
that poison !" What he actually satd as the
death pang struck his heart, was, "Swaim
it hurts!" Alexander H. Stephens' last
words as reported as he lay in the grasp of
death, were, "Doctor, you hurt me." Charles
O'Connor, recently deceased, after lying for
a long time in aseemingly unconscious con
dition, opened his eyes, and with extended
arms T as though seeing' something, or some
one, plainly said, "My God!" But the
worst of all is Immanuel Kant's, "It is
enough," on which almost volumes of Ger
man rhapsody have been written. It was no
death-bed "last words" at all, and have no
reference to his life or death. At the mo
ment the words were spoken the nurse was
giving him wine and water from a spoon,
and his words simply indicated that he had
had enough of that beverage. Yet, Wasian
ski in his "Memoirs" of Kant calls the ex
pression "mighty and symbolic words," and
Thomas De Quincy interprets them as mean
ing that "the cup of life, the cup of suffer
ing, is drained." These are mere fanciful
travesties. It may safely be said that no
scientific or spiritual deductions can be de
rived from the wandering vagaries of death
bed expression*, that will illumine the path
way to the tomo, or east even a remote glim
mer into the great future into which the de
parting spirit ia entering.
Baxk Presidents, in their make-haste to
get rich times it would seem, like the or
dinary wicked ones, "stand on slippery
places." Not the lower bank officials, cash
iers, tellers, book-keepers, etc., fall before
temptations, but the high-up bank presidents
themselves, noted for their religious charac
ter, benevolence and philanthropy, yield to
the corrupt greed for riches, and dishonestly
use money not their own. James D. Fish,
president of the Marine Bank, John C. Eno,
president of the Second National Bank, and
George I. Senej\ president of the Metropoli
tan Bank, all of New York City, wrecked
their several institutions. Fish, in addition
to being president of the Marine Bank, was
a partner in a. private banking firm, a stu
pendous swindling affair, and had, also, an
interest in the rotten, swindling firm of
Grant & Ward. Eno, president of the Sec
ond National Bank, went into stock gamb
ling speculations and swindles, and to carry
on his dishonest practices, embezzled the
funds of-depositors and stock-holders, to the
amount of nearly four million dollars. He
is a fugitive from justice, hiding away in
Canada, and an effort is being made to ar
rest him and bring back under
the extraditic.n treaty. Seney, presi
dent of the Metropolitan Bank,
the pious, liberal, iron-clad philanthropist,
by indulging in reckless private railroad
schemes, dishonestly using the funds of the
bank, forced the bank into a suppension.
Banks provide for the safety of the funds
burglar-proof safes, but harbor within their
very walls, thieves and robbers, in the guise
of Bank presidents. Such bank presidents
are a greater terror than outside thieves, rob
bers and burglars.
Speaking of Mrs. Pott's Baconian tracts,
the "Literary World" says: W. H. Guest &
Co. of London have published a threepenny
pamphlet by Mrs. Henry ?ott (editor of Ba
con '6 Promus) entitled "Eld Francis Bacon
write 'Shakespeare'? 32 Reasons for Believ
ing that he Did." We can cordially com
mend it as a cheap and convenient substi
tute for all the bigger books on the subject.
It gives in the compass oi about twenty
pages the gist of all that can be said in favor
of the Baconian theory. Under some of the
"reasons" a few illustrative "examples" are
given. Thus, for instance, under the state
ment that "Bacon's most familiar expres
sions and terms of speech are common in
Shakespeare, although not common to the
language of the period," we find:
Examples:—Take note, Let it be noted,
Note that, etc., very frequent throughout
Bacon's scientific and professional works,
and to be found upwards of 150 times in the
j)laya. "What is the cause?" "The cause
is," etc. This* habit of inquiring into the
cause of everything is reflected nearly' 350
times in the plays. "In brief, briefly," etc.,
may be found nearly IQO times. "To con
clude, in conclusion," etc., 80 times. "Set
it down," "Out of question," "Iconceive,"
"It is strange," "Let it be considered, in
quired, examined," etc, "Certainly, it is
certain," and a quantity of such expressions,
not commonly used by other writers, are
common in both groups of works.
The N. T. Catholic Review is somewhat
doubtful as to the soundness of the free
trade theory. It says: "Freedom of trade is
no doubt an admirable theory. In practical
politico, where it may mean the disruption
and overturning of established interests, it is
quite possible that those who propose mode
rate and gradual reforms are not the worst
enemies of American interests. One thing
is certain, that in the "present age of the Re
public we need not be unfaithful to Ameri
can principles to be very doubtful about ab
solutely free trade. But there is another
kind of freedom guaranteed by the Constitu
tion, of the State of New York, aud most un
worthy is the man who sins against that, or
who breaks his promise about it, or who at
tempts to affect legislators in the discharge
of their duty and to prevent the passage of a
law giving effect to the Constitution of New
York. Between Free Trade and free con
science, had we to make a choice, we would
prefer free conscience and freedom of wor
ship, such as is guaranteed to all mankind
within its border by the sovereign State of
President Arthur talks freely about the
Chicago convention and the loss of the nom
iuation. While he will give such support
to the ticket of Blame and Logan as party
exigencies may require, and while his per
sonal relations with both the candidates are
agreeable and unrestrained, yet it is no secret
in Washington that Mr. Arthur holds that
Mr. Blame entirely failed to exhibit candor
and common truthfulness during the months
he remained in the cabinet after the death of
President Garfleld. Mr. Arthur has never
concealed from his friends that, however
much he might desire to establish a polical
friendship with Mr. Blame, the insincere
course of Mr. Blame toward him had made
this impossible. Of course, the President is
very circumspect in his language, and while
he will characterize such conduct in plain
terms in private, it is not to be expected that
he will make a public declaration to the ef
fect that a Secretary of State has lied to him
and cannot be trusted. .
Mr. Cayble was accustomed to keep
wrapped up in paper and in a convenient
corner three or four sovereigns. When
guests ventured to ask for what bill or other
emergency they were reserved he would
smile grimly and observe: "Those? Oh! I
lay them by so that Mr. Hunt can always
have them when he comes to borrow o' me.
He's vera fondo'borrowin' three three or four
sovereigns o' me." It is true that Leigh
Hunt had not much thrift, and was often in
debt to his literary friends; but, as a friendly
writer observed, Leigh Hunt would have giv
en Thomas Carlyle or any embarrassed man
three sovereigns a day, if he could have af
forded it, and never uttered a syllable about
The following are some of the Republican
and Independent papers which have an
nounced that they will not support Blame's
candidacy: In New York, the Times, the
Herald, the Evening Post and Harper''s Weekly;
in Boston the Advertiser, the Herald and the
Transcript in Philadelphia, the Times and the
Record: in Chicago, the Hews, the Herald and
the StaaU Zeituny; in Worcestor, the Spy and
the Gazette, in Buffalo, the News and the Ex
press, The Springfield Republican The Brook
lyn Union, The Boston Gazette, The Rochester
Herald and The Newport Xews. Doubtless
there are many others, and among them is
to be included The Independent. We shall
hear this week from our religious contempo
raries, and the indications are that there will
be a great stampede.
The sew editor of the Southwestern Chris
tian Advocate, Marshal W. Taylor, D. D. who
though a colored man, has been supposed to
hold the views of the caste party, has printed
a very graceful salutatory. He says he has
no new departure to announce, and that he
will strive to "secure and maintain the ut
most friendliness, confidence and such rela
tions as shall mutually be most beneficial
to the white and colored populations of the
south, of the nation, and especially of our
own church." The Advocate has given no
uncertain sound on this question in the past.
It is to be hoped that it will not succumb to
the powerful caste influeucc.
Wiien Hayes was nominated, Mr. Blame
was asked how he liked it. His answer was
couched in the form of a story. "I once
went-fishing," he said, "with a party in
Maine, and it was agreed that each person
should take his turn in cooking, and that
any one who found fault should take the
cook's turn for the rest of the day. One
morning one of the party put a morsel in his
mouth, and cried out: "Oh! how salt it is—
But I like it!" If it be true, as reported,that
President Hayes has given his adhesion to
Blame's nomination, we judge it is in about
the same way.
Hebe is a sample of the platform logic of
the Chicago Convention : "The Republican
Party, * * * in a desire that all men
may be free and equal, is unalterably op
posed to placing our workmen in competi
tion with any form of servile labor, whether
at home or abroad. In this spirit * * *
we pledge ourselves to sustain the present law
restricting Chinese Immigration, and to pro
vide such further legislation," etc. Why not
add: "Believing honesty to be the best pol
icy, we always shall be truthful except with
The N. Y. Catholic Review of June 21, says
"A Roman cablegram to the Catho
lic Review, last Monday, announced that the
Holy Father had chosen Mgr. Ryan to be the
new Archbishop of Philadelphia. It is an
appointment that gfves great joy to all who
know the virtues which in public life have
adorned him in every station of the priest
hood, and which in private have endeared
him to all whose happy privilege it is to know
The Essex North(Mass.) Association had
six Andover theological students before it, a
few weeks ago, for examination forlicensure.
It is a sufficiently conservative association
and after a careful scrutiny of their theolog
ical beliefs, it was the impression of the
whole body that the young men were "even
more thoroughly orthodox than the associa
tion would average." This does not surprise
us in this day of loose theological theories.
It appears that Mr. Powell Clayton, the
man whom the Blame men tried to make
Temporary Chairman oi the Chicago Conven
tion,and in respect to whom Mr. Carr warned
the convention "not to put down a man who
caaried an empty sleeve," accidentally shot off
one his arms while hunting rabbits, and did
not loose his arm in fighting the battles of
his country. Those who knew the facts must
have enjoyed the joke.
It seems that Ferdinand Ward, the great
swindler, is only nominally in Ludlow street
jail. He goes out with the deputy sheriff
when he chooses, and refreshes himself at
Delmonico's. His assets are merely nomi
nal, and his imprisonment appears to be of
the same character. This distinction between
an ordinary pickpocket and a fraudulent
broker is not creditable to the impartiality
of American Justice.
If ever Give Up.
If you are suffering with low and depressed
spirits, loss of Appetite, general debility, dis
ordered blood, weak censtitution, headache, or
any disease of a bilious nature, by all means pro
cure a bottle ef Electric Bitters. You will be
surprised to see the rapid improvement that win
follow; yon will be inspired with new life;
strength and activity will return; pain and misery
will cease, and henceforth yon will rejoice in the
praise of Electric Bitters'. Sold at fifty cents a
bottle by Lambie & Bethune.
BY THE POTOMAC.
BY JOAQUIN MILLER.
From under my oaks in their cloaks of green,
And still as was Eden its great first day,
The tawny Potomac, like silver, is seen,
Slowly slipping away towards Chesapeake Bay;
And glinting and tawny and tan and gray,
The wood-set city asleep between,
The sail-sown river seems changeful as Mar.
And resting me here, I venture to say,
Here under my oaks in their ample green.
High over the river of silver and gray,
The great, red river asleep between—
My feet at rest on this sweet green sod—
I venture to say from this hill-top green
It isn't so very far to God.
The Cabin, Washington, D. C.
Emerson : Necessity does every thing well.
Napoleon: Occupation is the scythe of
Ckapin: Neutral men are the Devil's
Shakespeare : There is no virtue like ne
Young: Nature is frugal and her wants
J. Montgomert: Night is a lively masque
rade of day.
Tcpper : Nature is the chart of God, map
ping out all his attributes.
Jane Pokter: Nobility, without virtue, is
a fine setting without a gem.
Kossuth : Neutrality, as a lasting princi
ple, is an evidence of weakness.
Seneca: Other men's 6ins are before
our eyes; our own, behind our back.
Barton: Obstinacy and vehemence in
opinion, are the surest proofs of stupidity.
Byron: In night's starry shade and soli
tary loneliness, I learn the language of an
Madam Deluzjt: We are so desirous of
vengeance that people often offend by not
Victor Hugo: Nature, like a Mnd and
smiling mother, lends herself to our dreams
and cherishes our fancies.
Longfellow: How absolute and omnipo
tent is the silence of night, and yet the si
lence seems almost audible.
D. Alembert: High office is like a pyra
mid, only two kinds of animals reach the
summit, reptiles and eagles.
Young: Few are the faults we flatter when
alone: vice sinks in her allurements, is un
gilt, and looks, like other objects, black by
Jefferson : If a due participation in of
fice is a matter of right, how are vacancies to
be obtained? Those by death are few; by
John B. Gough is seeking health on the
Pacific coast. .
A Morriston/ Ark., lady is the widow of
The people of Norwich, Conn., are con
templating the establishment of a crematory
in that place.
Father Fanning and a number of Catholic
gentlemen in St. Louis are about to start a
Catholic colony in Texas.
Major Booth says to his Salvation Army:
"Shout, those who cannot stand the noise
will never get to heaven."
A former president of a Hartford, Conn.,
temperance society, and his wife, have fallen
from grace and become drunkards.
A telegram from Rome states that Padre
Curci's work entitled "Vaticano Regio" has
been placed on the Index expurgatorious.
Kate Field is very angry at Felt, a Mor
mon Elder, because he lied to her about the
dove-like domestic harmony of the polyga
There is not a Baptist church in the Black
Hills country. It takes water to run a Bap
tist church, and they don't know what water
is out there.
Under the laws of Maine a person who
procures a divorce cannot marly for two
years without permission of the court grant
ing the divorce. ,
Gladstone sings to himself when he walks
in his garden; "I am always saddest when
I sing," and not too sadden others, the ben
ovelent man hides behind the garden wall
when he sings!
It has been exemplified of late by the ex
ample of a United States ex-President and
his gang, and by the practices of certain
Bank presidents that "he who maketh haste
to be rich shall not be innocent."
Mr. Turnerelli of London writes to suggest
that, now that through the generosity of his
Eminence Cardinal Manning, it has been
been decided to repair the tomb of Cardinal
Wilesman, it is time that a life of the illus
trious prelate should be given to the public.
The German Postal Gazette contains the in
telligence that a post office is about to be
erected on Mount Siani, the Bedouins of the
neighborhood having agreed to let the mail
carrier pass through their territories unmo
lested on condition of being paid a handsome
The statistical statement just made up of
the society of Friends, shows that its total
membership is now for great Britain 15,219,
the increase having bean practically contin
uous for over twenty years. The deaths of
members were last year at the rate of about
seventeen per 1,000.
A returned missionary says that the great
est foe to industry and civilization in tropic
al countries is the cocoanut-trec. It goes on
bearing fruit abundantly for forty years with
out any cultivation and the natives, know
ing they can depend on it for sustenance, re
main lazy and savage.
The average expenses of a boy at several
famous English schools are given as follows
in a book on the costs and scholarships of
"some public schools." At Eton, from £180
to £220; at Harrow, from £135 to £180; at
Winchester £115; at Rugby, £113; at Char
ter house, £110, and at Marlborough, £110 to
On April 20, in the house of the Jesuit
Fathers in Chieri, the ancient "Carrea Po
tentia," one of the oldest manufacturing
towns in Europe, seventeen miles from Tu
rin, the brother of the celebrated Silvio Pel
lico, Father Francis Pellico, of the society of
Jesus, yieided up his soul to God at the ad
vanced age of 82 years.
A Maine man insists paying for an um
brella which he once stole and pawned for
rum. It is feared Maine is getting almost too
good to last. This all comes from nomina
ting so "good" a Maine man for President,
almost as good as the umbrella thief. This :
superfine goodness, if it last till after elec
tion, will then ooze out.
One of the most popular western revival
ists has great quantities of colored hand
bills posted up, circus fashion, on the walls,
fences, and bill-boards of the towns in which
he is to conduct services. This is a species
of clap-trap, disgusting, next to the pranks
of the "Salvation Army." It is about time
these spurious, sensational religious harle
quins were sat down upon.
In the village of Varanda, in South Hun
gary, a woman has been arrested on the
charge of poisoning her fourth husband. She
confesses to having likewise poisoned her
three ioru er husbands, and to having mur
dered in the same way hundreds of women
daring the last two years. She ma4e use of
a drugged preparation of brandy, which was
made for her by a farmer's wife.
The result of the debate on the divorce
bill in the French senata has drawn atten
tion to the decline of religion in France, and
the startling fact is announced in the last
census oo less than seven and a half millions
registered themselves as having no religion,
against twenty-nine millions of Catholics.
Another sign of the times is that hundreds
of curacies remain vacant in that country
for want of young priests. In spite of this
the Chamber of Deputies lias refused to al
low the exemption of ecclesiastical pupils
from the three years' military service by the
overwhelming majority of 356 to 91.
FASHLNOABLE GLOBELET S.
Gathered, spencer waists are again in
Men's dress is less ceremonious this sea
son, and bo are their manners.
The lace plastron waistcoat is as fashion
able on the other side as here.
Blue and gray are the moat fashionable
for street wear.
Low-crowned hats are worn only in the
country, either by ladies or gentlemem.
Lace falls all around dressy, broad brim
med carriage hats are again in vogue.
Spencers of black banded lace are worn
with black silk or colored silk skirts.
Dresses of black and white silk used m the
composition of the costume are in high fa
Childrens stoekiDgs are dark or black, even
when white or the palest tinted dresses are
Chalk-white Valenciennes is the latest lace
craze for trimming black silk dresses and
Velveteen and poplin combine well for se
verely simple walking suits, but admit no
shirrings or puffings.
Mushroom and gray shades in all the varia
tions possible are the rival colors for dresse*
for street wear.
Demorest has brought out some of the
the liveliest and most practical dress models
for young girls seen this summer.
Fan scrap bags and scrap bags of colored
silk or fine woolens covered with lace are
among household decorative fancies.
Dog collars and bracelets to match, both
broad whenever the neck is long enough to
admit of a broad collar, is the accepted style.
Lace overgarments, lace dresses, and lace
confections of all kinds are trimmed with
knots, flots, bows, loops, and cas
cades of satin velvet ribbon,
India silks and surahs should not be made
up with pleated skirts, the full-puffed and
Bhirred 6kirt being preferable in all soft
Bustles are the bother of the better-half of
human nature this summer, the sure method
of keeping them in place not having yet
The style of putting a casing at thn bottom
of a puffed surah or veiling ovorskirt. and
running a rope therein, is as popular as it is
pretty, sensible, and effective.
The most elegant of all luxurious (]emi
toilet costumes for summer is of pale Lull
pongee, embroidered in fiarures, dots, or
sprays in the same color with silk.
The stamine canvas of Paris and London
is known here as Bison canvas, and it is al
most as much in demand for seaside and
mountain wear here as over there.
Poplin is again in favor, Worth and Dusn
zean having made many handsome costumes
ol>this fabric, which is now brought out in
a lighter and more drapable form than for
Pale gray glace mohair makes a lovely
June walking suit. It may be trimmed with
gray, blue, or black velveteen, and worn
either for walking, driving, at church, or
Watered silk has not gone out of vogue by
any means, though used only in moderation
as linings, parements, revers, cuffs, and
collars of mohair, light cashmere, and light
Wall pockets of fine colored silks and col
ored paper are covered tastefully with puffings
of Oriental laize and made more ornate with
ruffles of lace and flots of ribbon and sprayi
of artificial flowers.
Spanish, Oriental, French, English, and
Irish laces in old and new designs and stitch
es are used to excess, not only as trimmings
and finishings, but as entire overgarments
andcostumes for ladies', misses and chil
Even very small girls are given dresses al
most covered with lace trimmings and acces
sories, including the full gathered Moliera
waistcoat front of laize, not to speak of col
lars, cuffs, wrist ruffles, and full flounces of
wide lace edgings.
The preferred style for white lawn dress
es is a round skirt with tucks and no over
skirt, a tucked blouse or full Mother Hubbard
waist belted and a big bow and ends in the
back for sash drapery. This style is pretty
and popular for all kinds of plain colored
Brocaded velvet gauze grenadined, brocad
ed and embroidered China silks, and broci.d
ed crapes in the full evening tii<ts of rose,
blue, lilac, cream, and chalk white are elab
orately trimmed with white Valenciennes
and Malines laces, ami worn at Juuc daj
weddings, receptions, and dinners.
The Paris correspondent of Sarpar'i Bii.-ar
sums up the bewildering varieties in fash
ions this season thus: "The diversity of
fabrics, shapes of corsages, dresses, wrap
pings, and bonnets appalls observation and
defies description." This is as true in
America as in France. It is indeed difficult
to find the limitations of the mystery called
fashion this summer and define what are the
outlines of its forms.
Blankets Jtlade of Cow Hair.
[Prom the Xew York Mail and Express.]
"Have you any cow hair to sell?" a wand
ering buyer asked a tanner in the presence
of a reporter a few days ago. The tanner
did have some of the curious commoditj
asked for and submitted it to the would-be
buyer's scrutiny. The latter critically exam
ined the lot and offered the owner four cents
a pound for it.
Wondering what use cow hair could be put
to, the reporter sought to satisfy his curiosity
by questioning the buyer. "What do Ido
with it?" replied that individual. "I'll tell
you. I first 'bjow' the hair by a peculiar
process which separates the long hairs from
the short ones. The long hairs are then
woven into fabric with other material -which,
upon completion, bec6mes the genuine all
wool blankets which Uncle Sam presents to
"Andthe shorter hairs? 1'
"They are worked into felting."
"Do you ever pay more than four cents a
pound for the hair?"
"Oh; yes. White cows' hair is worth
eleven cents a pound."
A Great Discovery.
Mr. Tm. Thomas, of Newton, la., says: "3lj
wife has been serionsly affected with a cough foi
twenty-five years, and this spring more severely
than ever before. She had used many remedies
without relief, and being urged to try Dr. King's
New Discovery, did so, with most gratifying re
sults. The first bottle relieved her very much,
and the second bottle has absolutely cured her.
She has not had so good health for thirty years."
Trial Bottles Free at Lambie & Bethuue'a druj
tore. Large size 81.00.
[Louisville Courier Journal.
Some people estimate the ability of a peri
odical and the talent of its editor by the
quantity of its original matter. It is com
paratively an easy task for a frothy writer to *
string out a column of words upon any and
all subjects. His ideas many flo.v in om:
weak, washy, everlastiug flood, and the com
mand of his language may enable Mm tc
string them together like bunches of onions, •
and yet his paper may be but a meager and
poor concern. Indeed the mere writing
part of editing a paper is but a small portion
of the work. The care, the time employed
in selecting, is far more important, and the
fact of a good editor is better shown by his
selections than anything else, and that, wo
know, is half the battle. But, we have said,
an editor ought to be estimated, his labor
understood and appreciated and appreciated,
by the general conduct of his paper —its tone,
its uniform consistent course, aims, manli
ness, its dignity and propriety. To preserve
these as they should be preserved is enough
to occupy fully the time and attention of any
man. If to this be added the general super
vision of the details of publications which
most of the editors have to encounter, tha
wonder is bow they find time to write at all.