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BRET HARTE'S NEW STORY,
A SHIP OF '49.
NOW RUNNING IN
THE SUNDAY GLOBE.
The Cabinet Sent to the United States
~ Senate as Heretofore Announced
m the Globe.
Generally Commented- Upon For Its
Vigor and Ability— Confirmation
Tne Northwest Gratified at the Selection of
Col. VUas For the Head of the Post
Cleveland Gives an Old-Fashioned Jefferson
lan Reception to All Classes, Regard
less of Party* or Color.
How the President Spent His First Day in
the White House— Distin
Vice President Hendricks Heartily Re
ceived in the Senate— Office Seekers
Plenty— General Notes.
TIIE ROLL CALL.
Riddlebercer Objects to Bayard, and the
Cabinent Lies Over.
Washington, March 5. — President Cleve
land sent the senate the following nomina
Secretary of state, Thomas F. Bayard of
Secretary of the treasury, Daniel Manning
of New York.
Secretary of war, William C. Endicott of
Secretary of the navy, William C. Whitney
of New York.
Secretary of the interior, L. Q. C. Lamar
Postmaster general, Wiliiam F. Vilas cf
Attorney general, A. 11. Garland of Ar
When the cabinet nominations were taken
np in executive session Senator Riddlebcrger
objected to the immediate consideration of
the nomination of Bayard/and stated briefly
that be did so because of Bayard's attitude
Upon the Irish question. Senator Riddleber
ger thought him more English than Ameri
can . Senator Bayard's name being first on
the list for consideration all went over under
the rules of the senate for a day.
COMMENTS ON THE CABINET.
Universal Acclaim for its Streng-th— Dis
satisfaction in the West.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, March s. —The comments
on the president's cabinet are diverse. The
Eastern and Middle states Democrats
express satisfaction, but there is a wail of
discontent from those of the West.
One criticism is that the pres
ident in his selection jumped
from the Hudson river to the Pacific,
save the recognition of a small Northwestern
state, which cast a Republican electoral vote.
There is already the cry that at the nextDem
ocratlc convention a Western candidate will
be the nominee. The fact seems to be over
looked that the East has not had & president
since the days of James Buchanan. Of the
strength of the. cabinet in its personality
there is universal acclaim. It has in it more
than enough young blood to make ud
for those who may be decreed "aired." The
two selections from New York excite criti
cism,- but. it is admitted even by critics that
these two gave Mr. Cleveland's canvass at
Chicago their untiring efforts. The first
meeting of the new cabinet would have been
held to-morrow had the senate acted to-day i
upon the nominations. It is now
probable it will be called in special
session on Saturday. The policy
of the president will be to make changes in
the offices with much deliberation. Those
now here personally pressing their claims
would fare better if they remained at home.
This ought to be a sufficient hiut to those in
the rear to stay where they are. It will be a
month or more before the new ministers can
organise the blanches of their own depart
ments, and until this is accomplished there
will be do subordinate appointments.
OBJECTING I*o THE CABINET.
Biddlebei-ger Strong.) Criticised for Hl*
• Unprecedented Action.
Special to the (J lobe.
Washington, March 5. — The action of
Senator Riddleberger in objecting to the im
mediate confirmation of the senators who
bad beeu nominated to the cabinet is con
demned on all sides, not less by Republican
than by Democratic senators. This is the
first Instance In the history of the senate
when objection to confirmation with
out reference to a committee bus
ever been Interposed to sitting senators
nominated to any office. In exceptional
cases the nominations of ex-senators have
been con tinned without reference, notably
that of ex-Senator Ramsey, who was con
firmed as secretary of war on motion of a
Democratic senator Immediately upon his
nomination to that office by President Hayes.
Bo fur as the nominations to the cabinet are
concerned, it Is the usual practice of the
senate not to interpose any objqptioa
to the person or persons selected, it being
considered a prerogative of the president
which should not be Invaded. The nomi
nation of Adjutant General Thomas by Pres
ident Johnson to be secretary of war was re
jected and resulted in the famous Impeach
ment trial. The nomination of William E.
Chandler by President Arthur to be- secretary
of the navy ».»s bitterly antagonized because
of the allegations of unfitness conse
quent upon Mr. Chandler*! long
connection with John Roach as
his attorney, and ah * because the senate bad
previously rejected his nomination by Presi
dent Garfield for the office of solicitor gen
eral. Hi* confirmation was only secured
after* a tierce straggle. Mr. Chandler, bow
ever, turned a cold shoulder, to those who
had stood his firmest Mends In the matter of
his appointment and confirmation to the
naval portfolio, and they were thereafter
practically ignored t>> him.
• WESTERN* VIEWS OF THE COUNCIL
The State* That Pit! Not Kx|>ert Anything
—Vila* «..*-* vitUl-rtlon.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, March s.— There is already
to b? heard a good deal of _-•«": among
Democrat* over President Cleveland'^ cabi
net His selection of two men from Xew
r York and three from the South, for Bayard
Is, of course, recognized as a Southern
man, creates a good deal of dissatisfac
tion. Regarding Whitney there is especially
• good deal of plaint. Even the South
1- inclined to look with distrust upon Xew j
York's large place In the selection Of a.l
.visrrs, for U Is generally admitted thai with
the president, two members of tbe cabinet
snd -i private secretary, who Is more than a
member of the cabinet, from New York that
state will practically be the administration.
The West i* hopping mad. for while it recog
nizes Col. Vilas as a good man, be comes
from a hopelessly Republican state.
MINT GOOD DCMOCr.
fear that an opinion condemning the policy
'• •-' t -•-• A «at»
which has put Manning and Whitney into
the cabinet from one state and has given
Vilas solitary and alone to the West will rule
them out of Mr. Cleveland's good graces
aud keep them away from the official . flesh
It even occurs to me that the Chicago
election scandal and the disorganized con
dition of the party as manifested at Spring
field in the senatorial contest now in progress
has led President Cleveland to the conclusion
that the Illinois Democrats are not entitled
to special recognition by the Democratic ad
ministration. If the Democratic party of
Illinois does not think enough of the admin- !
istration to give it a senator by uniting upon
ELECTING COL. MORRISON,
the Democratic candidate for senator, can
the Democratic party of Illinois blame the
administration for not giving to the Illinois
Democracy a representation in the adminis
tration? This is the question. Those
who justify, the president for not
appointing an Illinois man to the cabinet,
lay. this to Illinois grumblers "and they never
make a satisfactory reply. The lowa and
Minnesota Democrats expected nothing and
they have ; not been disappointed. The
Michigan "Democrats desired a cabinet place
and assert that they were entitled to such
recognition by President Cleveland, but they
are pleased with the appointment of Col.
Vilas and are satisfied. Nebraska hoped to
have Dr. Miller of Omaha as her representa
tive in the cabinet, and the doctor was
A POWERFUL INFLUENCE
and moreover he was held in high esteem by
the president but^the Democrats of Nebraska
like Democrats of Obio,lndiana, New Jersey.
Connecticut and Illinois were not united
and harmonious and they therefore received
no recognition from the administration.
Dr. Miller, who is here upon the business
of the national Democratic committee, cheer
fully accepts the situation and says the Dem
ocrats of his state will give President Cleve
land's administration hearty sup
port. Democrats are expressing con
siderable regret that Mr. Lamar is to
be secretary of the interior. They are glad
he is going in the cabinet, but they wish he^
and CoL Vilas would change places. The
point they make is that as secretery of the
interior Mr. Lamar will have to pass on and
reject a great
HASTY TENSION CLAWS.
Any secretary of the interior would have
to do it, but it is feared that every time Mr.
Lamar makes a decision against an applicant
for a pension the Republican papers will set
up a howl that his confederate associations
and sympathies make him inimical to the
A Democratic congressman with a very
good war record remarked this evening that
the president would not have given the in
terior department to Mr. Lamar if be had
understood the feeling of the Grand Army
posts. He had no doubt Mr. Lamar would
perform his duties with absolute fairness but
Republican papers wouldn't give him credit
for it, and they would keep alive the war
feeling by their comments ou his actions. .
CLEVELAND'S FIRST DAY.
How the New President Took Hold of
the Duties of Ills Office.
Special to tbe Globe.
Washington, March s. President Cleve
land's first day in the White bouse has been
uneventful. He was up early and had break
fast before 9 o'clock. Soon after, in a neat
fitting Prince Albert' coat tightly buttoned,
he was in the business office. The first
formal reception was given, according to the
usual custom, to the chief justice and associate
justices of the United States supreme court.
Then followed what might be called a gen
eral informal reception to many visiting mil
itary and civic organizations, which partici
pated in yesterday's grand parade. For more
than an hour the president received good
naturedly, in the blue room, nearly all the
Democratic clubs of the leading cities of the
country. A few minutes after 12 o'clock a
committee of senators called to
officially advise the president that
the senate had organized and awaited
his pleasure. Then one of the secretaries
[ was dispatched to the senate with the cabinet
appointments. In the atternooii up to 3
o'clock, the president received quite a num
ber of senators and members of congress.
Those who suggested offices to him were
kindly reminded that he was not yet well in
j hand with his new responsibilities and it
i would be well to give him a breathing spell.
Mr. Arthur called quite late In the
evening in company with Mr. Freling
, huysen. The household management of
! the White house is in the hands of Mr. Cleve
land's sister. The president occupies as .i
bed .amber the same room as ex-President
Arthur used for the purpose. The first ap-
I pointment be made, if it can be so railed, iv
the retention of Mr. O. L. Pruden, as assist
ant private secretary. Col. Lanfbnt, the
I private secretary, took charge of the desk
occupied by Private Secretary Phillips. He
is fast adapting himself to his enlarged
sphere of duties.
WHITE HOUSE DOORS THROWN OPEN.
President Cleveland Shakes Manila With
Many Thousand Callers,
Washington*. March 5. — White house
presented a busy scene to-day. A stream of
callers poured into, the mansion from the
hour the doors Opened until late in the day.
The president had an early breakfast and
then completed the organization of his cabi
net, and directed their names to be sent to
the senate. A number of organizations
visited the White house before noon and were
received by the president in the east room.
Prominent among these were the Samuel
Randall club. America? club and Young
Men's Democratic club, all of Philadelphia,
the Kings County club of Brooklyn and a
delegation from the County Democracy of
New York. The Justices of the United Stat -
supreme court, he-vie ; by Chief Justice Waite,
called about 12 o'clock and were received
in tub bus p.vnLoit.
The members of the National Democratic
committee were next received. Many other
prominent persons called to pay their respects
and kept the president engaged the entire
day. No changes have yet been made in the
force employed at the White house, except
tbat Col. Daniel S. Lamont occupies the
o3ice of private secretary to the president
Instead of Fred J. Philips, who, of course,
retired with Mr. Arthur. The president's
mail to-day was very large. It consisted
principally' of letters of congratulation.
Many of them, however, related to appoint
Subsequently a Democratic phalanx from
Albany called the president in a body.
They were followed by detachments c' clubs
from Ohio, New York. New Jersey, Mary
land. Kansas, Missouri and elsewhere. The
president then gave notice that he would re
ceive ail who might choose to come between
*2 and 4 o'clock, and during that lime
thocsands or strange:!*
paid their respect* to the chief magistrate.The
president received them in the east room
and shook bands with aIL The
crowd passed through in single
file and owing to tbe immense number
presenting themselves it was Mind neces
sary to dispense with a formal introduction.
Tbe president, however, recognized many
acquaintances in the line and greeted them
ST. PAUL MINN. FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH 6 "1885.
by name. There was a large number of col
ored people among the visitors. The presi
dent bore the trying ordeal well and greeted
each person. with a pleasant smile and hearty
grasp of the hand. The visiting militia and
civic organizations which had not previously
called in a body were well represented; Gov.
Pattison. of Pennsylvania and staff were
prominent among the visitors. :
. VICE PRESIDENT HENDRICKS '_
Loudly Applauded as He Took the Gavel
In the Senate.
Washington, March 5. — The public gal
leries of the senate were again crowded to
their utmost limits, and long before noon
crowds gathered about every door, besieging
the doorkeeper in vain for admission. •.'ff'-'f
Tbe senate clock, which Capt Bassett, with
his cane, set back ten minutes yesteday, had
recovered its lost time, and promptly, at 12
o'clock the vice president entered from the
door ou the left of the presidential desk, ac
companied by Rev. Dr. Butler, pastor of .the
Lutheran Memorial church of this city.
The galleries applauded Hendricks, which
manifestation its recipient abruptly termi
nated with tbe gavel. The senators arose at
this summons, and Dr. Butler offered prayer?
Upon its conclusion the vice president took
the chair and was again greeted with plaud
its by occupants of the gallery. He called
the senate to order, and, in a voice only au
dible to the clerks, called for the reading of
the journal. fr'.'rY-. *?:• •*?• -V '.■?*'."''.
The journal having been read, Senators
Allison, Beck and Voorhees, the committee
yesterday appointed to wait on the president
of the United States and inform, him that a
quorum of the senate was present and ready
to receive any communication he might
have to make, reported that they had per
formed that duty, and the president had re
sponded that he would communicate with
the senate forthwith.
In less than a minute there was announced
a message from the president, and 0. L.
Pruden appeared with it.
Senator Sherman at once moved that the
senate proceed with the consideration of its
executive business. The motion was unani
mously agreed to, and the senate went into
executive session. When the doors reopened
it adjourned till to-morrow.
Enthusiasm for Gen. Fitzhugh.
Special to the Globe. : *:%;
Washington, March 5. — The pageant of
yesterday has been repeated to-day in min
iature by the parading of visiting military
and civic associations, music by bands and
over-running the departments and other
points of interest by sight-seers. The ave
nues and streets have been crowded to re
pletion, and over 10,000 people visited the
national museum to-day. No little comment
is made on the fact that at the parade yester
day Gen. Fitzhugh Lee was received more
enthusiastically? than either President Cleve
land or Vice President Hendricks. Several
personal rencontres have ensued in const
sequence. In one of these several officers
of high rank came near being involved, but
for the timely interference a serious trouble
doubtless heightened by the heat of wine
would have ensued. Confidential informa
tion has been received that Gen. Waltham
will not, as generally believed, succeed Mr.
Lamar in the senate, but Gov. Lowry of Mis
sissippi will appoint Hon. Win. A. Percy of
Greenville to fill the vacancy. Mr. Percy is
one of the leading lawyers of that state.
Caucnsw of the Senators. W
Washington, March sf— There were short
senatorial caucuses of both parties after the
adjournment of the session to-day. The
Democrats effected an organization by select
ing Senator Beck as chairman and Senator
Kenmi as secretary. The chairman was
authorized to appoint a committee of nine to
arrange minority membership committees.
A resolution was adopted thanking Senators
Pendleton and Jones for their courtesy and
efficiency in the discharge of their duties as
chairman and secretary of the Democratic
The Republicans are reticent about their
proceedings. It is understood that some
discussion took place regarding the liability
of the caucus secrets to become public, and
that the organization of a committee was re-
ferrcd to, preliminarily, but the action was
committed to a future caucus, to be called
when the preferences of senators shall have
become better known.
Pandemonium Among the Suckers.
Si*kinc;i'iei.o, II!., March s.— At 1*2:10 the
senate announced a joint convention, which
began with 49 senators and 145 rep
resentatives present. The Republicans voted,
Logan 99, Washburn l—Blttig voting for
Washburn. Acting Speaker Kimbrough then
anuounced the joint assembly adjourned,
and the Republicans objected, saying be had
DO authority. The Republicans led by Ful
ler then raised a pandemonium for a time,
and the doorkeepers were called upon to
clear the house. Finally the senate with
drew, and also the representative members
of the house, to the senate chamber, where
adjournment was made till to-morrow at
noon. Before all the members of the house
got out the speaker ordered the doors closed.
Cleveland Retain* a Grant Appointee.
Washington. March 5. — fine of President
Cleveland's first acts in connection with bis
official household was a decision to retain C.
L. Pruden as assistant to his private secre
tary, Lament. Pruden was appointed by
President Grant as bearer of presidential
communications to either house of congress,
and during so many administrations has be
come a familiar figure to ail who are con
nected in any way with the the affairs at the
capitol. His retention Is heartily commended
by members of both parties and by repre
sentatives of the press.
The Old Cabinet Still on Duty.
Washington. March 5. — All the members
of Ex-President Arthur's cabinet with the
exception of Secretaries Frelinghnysen and
Teller occupied their usual desks and at
tended to ail business requiring their hands.
Secretary Frcllnghuysen was detained at home
by ill health and Senator Teller, whose res
ignation as secretary of the interior was ac
cepted - -day. was at the capitol. Those
on duty received many callers and took oc
casion during the day to take official leave of
the bureau officers and other employes.
Teller* Last Act.
I Washington, D. C, March 3.— One of the
• last acts of Secretary Teller was to issue
patents for lands in Louisiana, granted in
aid of the construction of the New Orleans
j & Pacific railroad. These land/ embrace
j about 700.000 acres, and an? comprised in
: what is commonly known as the ''Backbone
Where Vilas Will Put Up.
•pacta! to the Globe.
Washington. March S.— CM. Vilas, the
j new postmaster general, is tbe guest of Mr.
Leitcr, »_o is occupying Mr. Blame's man-
sion. He has engaged rooms at the F.bbitt
house, and will occupy the same quarters
! that ex-Speaker Keifer and family occupied
\ during bis term as speaker.
Carlisle's Last Committee.
Washington, March 5. — One of the last
official acts of speaker Carlisle was tbe ap
pointment of Holman, Hatch. (Missouri),
Peel, Cannon and Ryan as a committee
authorized by tbe legislative appropriation
bill to investigate the expenditure of tbe ap
propriaUon for Indian schools and tb* ad
ministration of tbe laws relative to the Yel
. Fight for Garland** Toga.
Little Rocs, March s.— The senate bill
changing the name of Dorsey connty to
Cleveland county passed the house to-day
aud awaits the governor's signature.
Senator Garland's selection for attorney
general brings into the field as avowed can -
didates before the legislature for, the vacancy
ex-Guv. • Berry, Congressman Dunn,' Gen.
Robert C. Newton, "William Fishback and
Maj. J. J. Harner. - •
The Topeka Boys.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, March s. The Topeka
(Kan.) Flambeau club, whose magnificent
pyrotechnic display last night has been
highly commended on all sides, have been
invited ,to visit Baltimore to-morrow, and a
special train has been placed at their dis
posal by the Baltimore & Ohfo Railroad com
pany for that purpose.
Open the Treasury Vaults.
Denver, Col., March 5. — The chamber of
commerce this evening unanimously
adopted a resolution requesting the new
secretary of the treasury to pay out the silver
coin now hoarded in the vaults of the treas
ury, in order to stop the contraction ' of the
currency, and thus relieve the business de
pression of the country.
An Honor to Arthur.
New. -York, March s.— Ex-President Ar
thur was to-day elected an honorary member
of the chamber of commerce. '?.?
CONDITION OF GEN. GRANT,
'V' * ' "' f ■ 4
As Given By the Medical Description
of the Disease. ' '
New York, March s. The Medical Record,
heretofore quoted in these dispatches in con
nection with accounts of the condition of
Gen. Grant, will Saturday contain the fol
lowing: article: , . '
"In view of the recent developments in
Gen. Grant's condition, the Record's bulletin
two weeks ago, so largely quoted by the press
of the country, requires some explanation. It
is fair to state the facts at the time presented by
the Medical Record were founded on the best
of authority, that of Dr. Fordyce Barker, the
attending physician of Gen. Grant, and this
explanation is manifest in t the following
note: ??-fVvf- ; fvffr,'. ;" ,'■
No 24 East Thirty-night street— Doctor
Shrady : The statement which I made . you was
literally, true nt the time I made it, and I am cer
tain Dr. Douglas would have then made pre
cisely the same. I saw Dr. Douglas this even
ing, and he then said that what I had told you
was exactly what he should, have .said. at "the
time. But the Monday after I saw you, the ac
tion of congress had a most depressing effect on
Gen. Grant. His vital powers suddenly broke
down, and the local malady speedily assumed a
new aspect. Newspaper accounts have been
greatly exaggerated, and we have never antici
j pated any such speedy termination as they have
j indicated. I do act believe Dr. Douglas ever used
I the word cancer in connection with the case.
i We have always spoken of it as epithelioma, of
I,a malignant type, probably. It was greatly im
! proved for a time by local treatment of Dr.
j Douglas, and the local condition was manifestly
j improving until tbe moral shock broke down his
general system, liver faithfully, ;,£\ '.V ; f
[Signed | Foudyce Barker.
It is a matter of deep regret that the grave
suspicions entertained of the serious nature
of Gen. ('rant's disease are confirmed by a
diagnosis of epithelioma of the tongue and
fauces. This disease, the name of which is
now perhaps heard of by the general public
for the first time, assumes importance as to
! the study which it could never otherwise ob-
I tain. Consequently the daily papers, edu
cating the people with regard to it, BO terms
epithelioma, malignancy and in Alteration
will be as well understood as in former times
were those of supperration, pus track, and
bullet cysts. As might have been' antici
:pated under *- tmY-circums^ti^eik' 'the pub
lished reports of the general's condition is
very much exaggerated. The disease is
by no means as . extensive as generally
believed. In fact, the ulcerations, small in
extent, are limited to the right pillars of the
fauces, the anterior one being perforated at
its base. Adjoining the right side tbe root of
tbe ton-rue is indurated to a slight extent, as
is also the neighboring gland under the
angle of the jaw on the right side of the
neck. The roof of the mouth along the line
of the hard palate and to . the right of the
medium line contains three small warty-like
excrescences which show tendency toward a
cell proliferation. The epiglottis is free from
any abnormality, as is the case of all other
parts of the throat. Although induration of
the tongue has existed more, or ](*ss since
last fall, when the patient was first seen by
Dr. Douglas, and ulcerations have
appeared quite recently. It was
during their progress that the general suf
fered from pain in the right ear, which has
now been entirely relieved by local ap
plication of a 4 per cent, solution of coco
aine. Under the same treatment all pain in
the deglutition is now entirely controlled
and the patient kept in a very comfortable
state. The pulse, which is usually 00 per
minute, occasionally reaches 80 beats.
Bodily temperature normal, appetite fair,
which is saying everything in its favor as
the general is not a hearty eater. His bodily
condition is, however, much below par and
is more to be considered at present than the
local disease. The treatment of the case has
been judiciously conservative from the start.
STATE OFFICERS IN A WRANGLE.
The lowa Governor and Auditor Continue the
Fight for Possession of the Latter's Office. *
Special to the Globe.
Dcs Moines, la., March 5.-*-Tbe state
house row was renewed to-day in all its
humorous ; grotesqueness. When Auditor
Brown was arrested Wednesday he directed
Deputy Auditor Stewart to take
charge. The latter and a clerk or
two made up couches and slept in the office
all night. This morning Brown returned to
the office and settled down to work as usual,
and by his orders the doors were guarded
against executive intrusion. At 5 o'clock
the governor, Auditor Cottrell, Sheriff
Painter and two policemen approached the
auditor's office and demanded audi
ence. Brown was in a genial confab
with several reporters for Senator Young.
Sheriff Painter notified Deputy Stewart that
he held a warrant for hlr. arrest, when Stew
art went to the hall and having accepted the
service was readmitted, and informed
Brown that Painter... desired to re
arrest him. Brown went " out grace
fully and accepted the service also.
Gov. Sherman then seized the door-knob
and demanded that Brown should admit him
which the latter blandly declined to do. A
violent colloquy then ensued, ending in the
governor and Auditor Cottrell falling to get
in. Brown and Stewart then went with the
sheriff and gave bonds for a preliminary ex
To-night by Brown's orders two clerks are
camped down in the office. Leading lawyers
say there is a question whether the constitu
tion does not conflict with the statute under
which the governor is acting, and this is un
derstood will be Brown's line of defense.
Tbey hold tbat the state senate has the sole
jurisdiction of this class of offenses. Erown
means to keep tbe seat of his office at all
hazards. Ex-Gov. Stone will' appear for
Gen. Sherman atthe hearing to-morrow.
At Fort Worth last evening all the em
ployes in the Texas <fc Missouri Pacific ; rail
road shops quit work, and will not allow any
trains or engines to leave the yards.
A premature discharge of a cannon at
Tompkinsville, Staten Island, Wednesday,
badly wounded a dozen men.
The English pleasure yacht Ceylon, owned
by Dr. Lavin of Heatherdon. Eng., arrived
in Xew Orleans yesterday with a party of
The Dcs Moines river at Keokuk, la.,
is breaking up? with a spring boom. The
stream is rising rapidly and rain is falling.
Much damage to bridges is being dose by tbe
TALKS ABOUT THE COW.
The Dairymen of the State Hold a
Second and Very Interesting:
Session at Faribault,
During Which They Discuss the Dif
ferent Breeds of Cow 3 and Their
A Cow To Be a Profitable One Must Yield
?• ■ f: Cream for Two Hundred Pounds f
of Butter a Year. v
The " General Purpose " Cow a Delusion
_,_■;' and a Snare— The . Workings of a
Cream Separator. •
Special to the Globe.
" Faribault, March s. The morning ses
sion of the Dairymen's association opened at
10 a. m. with an attendance somewhat in
creased from yesterday. In the absence of
the president and vice president, the meet
ing was called to orderly John T. Ames of
\ Mr. 0. C. Gregg of Marshall the first
speaker of the morning session. Mr. Gregg
is.a thorough practical farmer and exper
ienced dairyman, an d gave a most interest
ing lecture. His subject was Minnesota
and its Dairies. He compared Minnesota
with Vermont. Vermont was largely en
gaged in dairying. It- was a good grass
growing' state and was blessed with a liberal
supply of running water. It was not a,
grain-growing state like Minnesota. In
the . : summer , the Vermont farmer
being near to market, found dairying ex
ceedingly profitable. We here in Minnesota
were grain raisers. We piled up grain in
WHAT WE OUGHT TO PO
was to convert that grain into dairying pur
poses. Vermont turned its ; grass into that
purpose and we ought our grain; While
Vermont; found summer dairying exceed
ingly profitable, Minnesota dairymen would
find winter dairying profitable to them. They
might rebel against it, and they did rebel,
but it was their sure and cer
tain destiny. In the summer the Min
nesota farmer was exceedingly busy.
In the winter .time often hung heaay on their
hands. They ought; to see that winter dairy
ing was just the thing for them.
There are men who have no sympathy for
stock and who thought that an open shed
was good enough shelter for cattle in our
Minnesota winters with the thermometer
often 30 ° below. He wished the oleomar
garine bill only affected them and he would
oppose it at once. Such men ought to eat
oleomargarine through all eternity. We
must protect our cattle from the rigors of our
Mr. Gregg then proceeded to describe the
method of constructing a stable for cattle
which would be warm and comfortable and
yet cheap. In a stable which cost him only
$300 for the material of which it was built,
be had wintered 100 « cows in good shape.
When the thermometer registered 87 ° below
and the wind bowled over the open prairie in
a regular gale, it registered 33 ° above in his
stable. .Another thing that; must not be
done was to * turn cows out for water
or . excise during * extreme cold
weather. This was a grand mistake .
Cows in milk were extremely sensitive
to cold and ought not to be subjected to it.
Give plenty of windows to the south for
light and heat and keep them in during the
extreme cold, and never give them ice cold
water to drink. f -?;■'.;
THE PRACTICAL RESULTS
of bis dairy the past year had been exceed
ingly satisfactory. He milked on an aver
age twenty-four cows, all of them common
cows culled. He cultivated 100 acres. His
cows pastured upon the prairie iv the sum
mer and he cut his hay ou wild land. His
gross receipts were $2,200. In the month of
February the receipts from his dairy were
$200. Here in the West one man, one team
and two cows for forty acres were about the
right proportion. He fed corn and oats and
some wheat, ground but dry.
Mr. Hoard made some excellent remarks
upon the treatment of the cow. Upon her
forehead the word comfort should be written,
and he wanted it put in large caps. The
giving of milk was aq attribute of maternity
and the man who would not respect a mother
deserved no tribute of nrofitor affection from
her. * fYYv ':*?i'
COMMITTEE ON PREMIUMS.
President Fowler having arrived was then
Introduced and closed the meeting by an
nouncing the committee on premiums as W.
D. Hoard, chairman, Col. R. P. McGlincy
and Miss M. E. Leggate. After adjourn
ment the Warsaw salt man addressed those
who cared to hear him, while the Holstt-in
breeders met In one of the jury rooms to per
fect a state organization.
Mr. S. M. Emery addressed those who
were interested in remaining, explaining
the object of the proposed state organization
and was elected chairman. Mr. J. Myers
was elected secretary. Mr. Emery remarked
that Hol'tein cattle had during the past year
brought better prices than any other breed
or variety. Mr. Myers read the names of the
following gentlemen now engaged in breed
ing Holstcin cattle in Minnesota:
S.M.Emery, Lake City: S. F. Johnson,
Northfield; E. P. Taylor, Dodge City; N.J.
Leavitt, Waseca: M. J. Myers. Wells; L.
H. Stanton, Morris; X. Travis, ' Faribault ;
A.V.Ellis,Le Roy; John Allis.lslnorris-.W.H.
Winter, Faribault; Levi Nutting, Faribault:
F. P. Lambert, Le Roy: Robert Fatherly,
Cannon Falls; Daniel Buck, Mankato; L.
C. Miller, Tenbaasen; R. S. Robertson, Jr.,
Jackson; S. Leslie, Waseca; William Hanna,
Mapleton ; Dr. E. W. Cross, Rochester; C.
W. Thompson, Wells; S. Q. Larkin. Man
kato; A. G. Wilcox, Minneapolis; G. i»
Jackson, Kirkbaven; Col. Leggitt, Benson:
J. J. Hill. SL Paul; A. P. McKinstry, Win
nebago City; A. 3. Folson, Lake Crystal.
On motion a committee, composed of M.
J. Myers, chairman; S. F. Johnson, X. J.
Leavitt, E. P. Taylor and 3. M. Emery was
appointed to formulate a constitution and
by-laws, and to report at 8:30 on Friday.
The afternoon session opened with an ad
dress by W. D. Hoard on the topic, The
General Purpose "Cow, a Delusion and a
Snare, which was very interesting and in
structive, - He drew a fine picture of the :
thoroughbred animal, bred for a specified
purpose and compared it with the results
achieved by those who bad for general pur
poses.. He asked if a man wanted fast
trotters .he would try to breed tbem with a
mixture of Clydesdale or Norman blood If a
man desired to raise cattle for beef he would
naturally select those breeds which showed
the best results in ' that line. If a
man wanted to make dairying
profitable .he would be compelled
to breed cattle for that purpose and beef and
milk could not be bred for in the same ani
mal. Mr. Gregg, the successful dairyman of
Marshall, Minn., had said tbat the cows of
his dairy were common stock. He bad also
said that had his cows been bred for dairy
purposes, or bad they, to use his own words,
been as good as tbe food and care they re
ceived, his -results I would nave been. much
larger. There could be no doubt about it
Blood would uM when carefully selected for
dairying purposes just as certainly as for
trotting or running in horses or beef in cat
tle. ;He was ".. not surprised tbat tbe wheat
fanner waa sot proud of bis occupa
tion when nothing which be raised
could be told afterward as bis-
He did see . why tbe dairyman or stock
breeder should be proud of bis occupation, for
tbe stock which his cars ; and f fine selection
bad produced was a living monument of his
success in his occupation. In .Jefferson
county,' Wis.'," they, had a ; . spectacle which
under, the old 'system was rarely seen. They
had numbers of university-bred young ' men
who were engaged in managing; some of tne
fine dairies in their county. f Finally when a
man went into partnership with the cow it
was his business to make his partner the best
one of her species and then to make his part
of the eonceru all that it should be.
When asked how much' a cow ought to
produce yearly" in order to ' be a
profitable one he answered 200 lbs of butter
per year, and as much more as possible. He
felt alarmed when he considered- the. future
of the butter-making industry of the country.
Capital and avarice had combined to put the
hog in the place of the cow, and it was an
infamous competition. . He noticed that one
man in our -Minnesota legislature a
farmer at that —had been so stupid as to vote
against the oleomargarine bill, and he ought
to be taunted with his stupidity to his teeth.
Gen. Le Due presented a statement that the
average product of Minnesota cows in the
year. 1883 was only about seventy
five 'pounds .to the cow and the
statement was made that the average in
Kansas was less j than one-half of that
amount, the strongest possible argument in
favor of building for a specific purpose.
Miss f Leggate, known fas "J. J. . Hill's
dairymaid." was' present and upon being
questioned by Gen. Le Due, described to the
audience the method by which the cream was
separated from the milk and butter made in
this famous dairy f She said the milk was
placed in a large tank . or vat and was made
to reach a temperature of 85 ° and must not
go below. 75 °.f It was then put into the
De Lavalle separator, which would separate one
gallon per minute, the cylinder revolving 7,000
times per minute. The cream was then re
duced, to .a. temperature of 40° and
allowed to remain in the cooling room twelvd
hours before churning, adding a little soue
cream to ripen it, as it is called. It is again
raised to a temperature of 60 and
churned. The separator and one-horse power
engine cost about $400, but it would not pay
to use it with less than thirty-five or. forty
cows. The herd used was composed of Jer
seys, Short Horns and Aberdeen Angus.
Evidently. Miss Leggate favors the Jersey
cow, as she took opportunity to defend the
character of this animal from the aspersion
that it was not docile. . She used butter color
with the cream from the milk of grade cows,
but did not use it with thoroughbreds' cream.
The entire product of the dairy found sale
among private families in St. Paul at 35 cents
per pound. ' She packed it in small earthen
jars, but if she were going to ship to a dis
tant market she would use a package instead
of a jar. •• YY-'Y >.vYYf-Y,Y
Mr. J. N. Strunk, a farmer and dairyman
of Rice county, on request, took the stand
and stated that he kept about forty cows,
mostly grade Short Horns, . . '
He calculated that his cows made about 200
pounds of butter per year. j He fed bran and
shorts generally and about a half bushel of It
per day, and timothy and clover hay.
George Short, another successful dairyman
of Rice county, milked thirty cows, grade
Jerseys and Short Horns. He would choose
a Jersey sire in breeding to
secure good milkers. His results have
been between $80 and $85 per cow, gross
receipts. He made butter and sold cream
and milk. He fed mill feed and clover and
timothy. He has the cutting of his hay done
early, and as near the j ground as possible.
He bad never tried the merits of each cow,
but proposed to do so in the future.
Mr. N. J. Leavitt of Waseca read a paper
upon the improved cattle for dairy purposes.
He described the Jersey as a nice little cow
for a family in the city who wanted a little
nice, rich milk and a family pet.
The Holstein was what, inf. his
opinion, came nearest to filling the bill in all
respects, and especially as a dairy animal.
Prof. D. R. McGinnis of Northfield read a
paper upon the natural adaptability of Min
nesota for grasses.
Some questions, propounded by a lady,
were answered by Mr. O. C. Gregg, in regard
to the domestic part of bis mode at his home
The evening session opened with the '.'Lar
board Watch," sung by the Glee club.
Col. McGlincy addressed the convention
on the subject of Gleanings by the Wayside.
The first gleaner on record was Ruth. She
gleaned, not by the wayside, but for a hus
band. He had gleaned a fact that gave him
pleasure. Minnesota bad downed them all
in butter at Xew Orleans. Dairymen should
glean for quality, not quantity. Quality
always found a good market the world over.
All the cows in the United States could not
glut the market with good butter. The cow
was the only queen Americans bowed
down to. She was the redemption
of the poor wheat farmer with
bis farm plastered with mortgages.
Few understood the proper temperature at
which to make butter from cream. If too
high, good butter was impossible..
A COMIC ESSAY ON BUTTER
concluded his remarks. The following tele
gram was received and read:
St. Louis, Mo., March s.— The Mississippi
Valley Dairymen's association assembled ap
preciate your kind greeting and reciprocate
with the expressions of tbe genuine asticle.
The glee club sang a selection and A. R.
McKinstry, Winnebago City, followed with
Care of Milk and Cream and Dairy Stock.
He took the last clause first, for without good
dairy stock good products were Impossible.
The subject was well handled. Regular
good food, good water, not too cold, and
regular milking with warm shelter were es
sential. The care of milk and cream was
also discussed ably. The quartet followed.
The solo, "Old Sexton," by M. J. Myers,
was sung by request.
Capt. E. H. Cutis, who has a dairy farm in
Lyon county, was called out and read a
short paper. He had no blooded stock for
sale, but only tried to breed good dairy cows
for bis own use. The paper was largely
MERITS Or THE JERSEY COW
for dairy purposes. 8. D. Bell of Castle Rock
has twelve Jersey grades, half to three-fourths
blood, and made over a pound per
day to the cow this winter. G. W. Fowler,
the president, had a dairy which averaged
bim for the year 2,396 pounds per cow. He
was the friend of Short Horns, but was a
friend of any breed of good cows.
Prof. James Anderson of New York read a
paper on pack butter and shipping to tbe
market. It was brief and full of sense.
A male quartet sang "Speed Away," which
closed the evening entertainment. The pro
gram for the closing day is to be per an
nouncement: Premiums at 9a. m., visit to
tbe state institution at 10, social at Union
ball in the evening, f '
Th" Badger Law Makers.
Madison, Wis., March s.— ln the assembly
a resolution was adopted congratulating the
country on the peaceful manner in which a
change of government had liken place in
j Washington. The assembly bill preventing
j the sale or printing of obscene literature or
j pictures was passed. The assembly bills
• killed were as follows: For the appointment
|of a state fish warden, appropriating
I $15,000 for an exposition building for a
' state ■ fair at Madison, and providing for
electing state and county superintendents in
tbe spring. .In the senate tbe bill allowing
members of county boards $3 per day was
passed. The science ball appropriation bill
was referred to tbe committee on education.
It transpires that Col. Vilas received notifi
cation '< of bis appointment as postmaster
general on last Friday evening just before
leaving for Washington.
A Large Transaction.
Louisville, Ky., March s.— The Xewcomh-
Bucbanauj distilleries, covering thirteen
acres of land, were sold to-day at public auc
■■• - " ■ ,
BRET HARTE'S NEW STORY, I
A SHIP OF '49.
NOW EUNNING IN j
THE SUNDAY GLOBE.
THE? CRIMINAL RECORD.
The Mysterious Disappearance of F.
Gr. Small of Oneida, Dak.. Causes : /
Fear of Foul Play.
An Omaha Editor Fatally. Clubbed—Wiscon
sin Jail Deliver Dalheim Pleads f-Y
Not Guilty. fY'Y
Embezzling; Mamtobians Skipping Acros_
' the -fine — lowa State Auditor Ar- ' ' ?
• Cleveland, March 5. An attempt was
made last night to assassinate Prof. A. J.
Esch, superintendent of German in the
public schools. Some time since a huckster
named George Street drove his wagon
against Esch's sleigh, damaging it badly.
Street refused to settle the damages and
Esch had him arrested. He paid a fine in
the police court and it was thought the matter
was settled. Last evening Street called at
Esch's house and after a short conversation
drew a large revolver from his pocket, saying
that he would shoot Esch. A fierce struggle
ensued and Esch finally obtained possession
of the weapon, every chamber of which. was
loaded.' Street was under the influence of
liquor and Esch permitted him to go.
Supposed Foul Play.
Huron, Dak., March s.— Rev.' W. N.
Small, pastor of the Congregational church
at Onieda, Sully county, is in -town investi
gating the mysterious disappearance of ■". his
son Forest G. Small, an attorney of Oneida,
who left Blunt for Harold on Dec. 4, riding a
bay pony. He has never been seen since,
and he was known to carry large sums .of
money about his person. Foul play is sus
pected. A few weeks after his disappear
ance a warrant was issued for his arrest on
a charge of perjury, but it has since trans
pired to be a trumped up charge. Recent
developments have led the father to suspect
that his sou was murdered by a party who
is well known, and no pains will be spared
to convict the guilty party. '' f
Winnipeg, March 5.— R. Fleming.a grocer
of this place, has skipped over the boundary,
leaving his former business partner, Mr.
Butler, liable for a note of $600. When Mr.
Butler found that Fleming had gone he was
about to levy upon the stock in the store,
Fleming's brother-in-law, Mcllroy, stepped
in, claiming he had bought the entire stock.
E. S. Peck, the colored proprietor of the
Ocean Oyster house, pulled for selling liquor
without a license, has also gone over to
Uncle Sam, leaving a request . behind that
the Winnipeg papers be sent him that he
might see what they had to say abouthim. •
Safe From Judge Lynch.
Willmar, March 5. — Charles Dalheim the
brute ' who outraged his twelve-year-old
daughter, was indicted by the grand jury for
rape. He pleaded not guilty. Being with
out means the court employed S. A. Plumly
of Litchfield and G. E. Quat of Willmar to
defend him, and the trial set for next month.
The excitement over the matter has some
what abated. Any attempt to lynch him
would be futile, as be is confined in one of
the best jails in the state.
A Deputy Marshal Shot.
Marquette, Mich., March s. John Kohl,
deputy sheriff, was fatally shot in Negaunee
at 8:30 this , evening. He was trying to ar
rest Pat Benan, a disreputable character who
flourished a revolver on the streets in a care
less manner, when Benan turned and fired
two shots at Kohl. The first shot took effect
under his arm and the second in his mouth.
Benan escaped, but a posse is being organ
ized to capture him. Kohl is bleeding in
ternally and but very little hopes are enter
tained of his recovery. .
. Jail-Breaking: At Whitewater.
Whitewateh, Wis., March 5. — Four bur
glars who were arrested for breaking into a
jewelry store and securing a quantity of val
uables Tuesday escaped from the village
lock-up last night by breaking the fastenings
of the principal door. The delivery was not
discovered until this morning when the sher
iff appeared to take the prisoners to the
connty jail at Elkhorn. . The men are said to
be notorious cracksmen.
AJter Many Yearn.
Philadelphia, March 5. — Dr. Albert G. F.
Gearsen was hanged at the county prison at
10:23 this morning, for poisoning his wife
nearly live years ago. Y f Y?:;/ ■)
An Editor Clubbed.
Omaha, Xeb., March 5. — P. A. Gavin,
editor of the Times-Dispatch, was attacked
by Charles W. Kyle, and so severely beaten
with a club that he will die. The trouble was
caused by an article which appeared in the
Times-Dispatch which was uncomplimentary
A Bounteous Wheat Supply.
Cincinnati, March s. The Cincinnati
Price' Current this morning publishes the re
sult of a special investigation concerning the
stocks of wheat In the country, exclusive of
the reported visible supply.
It is shown that the twelve states, Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois, lowa, Missouri, Kansas,
Xebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan,
Kentucky and Tennessee, which produced 67
per cent, of the wheat crop of 1884, now ;
have stocks amounting to 110,000,000 bush
els, or 32 per cent, of the production in these
states in 1884. The estimates for the remain
ing portion of the country show a total of
52,000,000 bushels, which makes an aggre
gate of 162,000,000 bushels of wheat, which
compares with the 115,000,000 bushels of? a
year ago. According to the Price Cur
rent tbe estimates and tbe 190,000,- :
000 bushels as reported by the de- \
partment of agriculture, will, by adopting
the latter, make the total stock of wheat in '
the country, embracing visible supply, ag- i
gregate 205,000,000 bushels, as compared
with 150,000,000 a year ago. Including the •
equivalent of wheat represented In flour In i
the country, the total is 240,000,000 bushels
compared with 195,000,000 bushels a year
ago, stocks of flour being equal to 38,000,000 j
bushels tbis year against 35,000,000 a year '
Indignant Manltobians. _j
Winnipeg, March 5. — The farmers of 'the '
province met here to-day. ; Many accessions ,
are being received to the ranks of the se- '
cessionists and annexionists. Resolutions
were passed denouncing Premier Norquay
for falling to secure concessions from tbe
Dominion government, and calling for a re
distribution of seats and an appeal to the
country. An uprising ready is feared.
It was resolved to bold another convention
after the legislature meets, in order to pre
vent indorsment of Xorquay's bargain. The
legislature has been called together for the
19th of March. Some obscure persons called
a meeting to-night of those in favor of the
province seceding from the dominion. A
large crowd, calling themselves loyalists, at
tended, and found the only secessionist
present was one Stewart, who acted as chair
man. He was roughly handled by the crowd.
Tat Farmers' union bad nothing to do with
tbis meeting, which i» thought to be a dodge
to discredit them.
London, March s.— Repairs of the dam
ages to toe house of commons and West
minster ball by the dynamite explosions,
cost $43,000. Extra police on special dyna- .
mite duty tbe past year cost $190,000. V,
Not more than a dozen skilled workmen
were at work in the Wabash shops at Spring
[ field, 111., yesterday. j