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THE : LOBE. St. Paul. Minn.
Has a t.ar.'er Circiiiwitvn than that
nt Any. Oilier Newspaper Printed
Northwest of Cl»icHS.o,aiid ills stead- I
ilj- and Kapidly Increaainft .Keeping j
Pace Willi the Growth of the Great
off which GLOBE i* Admit
tedly the .Journalistic Representa
tive. . - .
• It is the Best Advertising 1 Medium
for Those who E»e*ire to Beach All
Classes off Newspaper Benders in the
Great Northwest, Kitd Especially in
Minnesota and "Ballot a.
The report of the state superintendent of
public instruction points out the danger of
making the public school system top heavy.
The disposition has been manifested in j
this suit?, just as it has been in other j
states, of paying too ranch attention to the j
establishment of high grade schools and too j
■much neglect of the primary schools. The j
true policy for the slate to pursue would be j
to attempt nothing beyond the mainten
ance of common free schools. It is a duty
society owes to itself to place within reach
of its youth the means for acquiring a good ,
English education embracing a thorough
knowledge of all the rudiments. Every
boy and girl should be provided with an
education sufficient for the practical pur
poses of life. Bui beyond this the state is
under no obligatio ut-to its youth. Tlie
state has discharged its dv ty in this respect
when it has qualified its youth for the dis
charge of the duties of good citizenship.
There is not a substantial ieaston why the
academic and collegiate courses should be
made a part of the public school system,
while on the other hand there are good rea
sons why they should not. The youth
who has acquired a thorough knowledge of
the elementary blanches, such as reading,
writing, arithmetic, geography and the
branches ordinarily taught in the common
Schools, is well enough equipped to take
fare of himself in the battle of life. He
ias been provided with the foundation on
which to build any sort of education that
he may aspire to. If he is ambitious to at
tain a higher education he will lind the
means to obtain it. If he doesn't aspire to
anything higher, he has already been pro
vided with all the education that is essen
tial to a proper discharge of the ordinary
requirements of successful business life.
What the state should do is to direct its at
tention exclusively to securing a thorough
ness in the system of common school edu
cation. And right here is the danger of
attempting to establish the high graded
schools in connection with a public educa
tional system, the danger that one will be
built up at the expense of the other.
Wherever the experiment has been made
the same result has invariably followed—
the high schools have thrived while the
common schools have been neglected. We
have an illustration of it right here in
Minnesota. While the state superintendent
does not complain of the favoritism that
the state has manifested for the higher
grades of schools, nor does he even suggest
that the usual appropriations be withheld,
still the facts and figures contained in his
last report show most conclusively that the
common schools have suffered most serious
harm because of the false policy that the
state has been pursuing. For instance,
there were 243,000 pupils enrolled in the
public schools during the past year, of
which number only 4,000 are Included in
all the high schools, the normal schools
and the state university. Yet the state ex
pended 5157.000 last year for the benefit of
these 4.ooo pupils in the schools above the
common grade, while not a dollar was ap
propriated for the benefit of the 240.000
children in the common schools. The state
made an appropriation of 835,000 for the
state .university, which, with the $44,000
derived from tin? general university fund,
made a total of *•? 79 000 expended for the
benefit of the 300 students in attendance at
that institution, or a per capita of £295 to
the pupil, while the common schools strug
gled along with an average per capita of
six or seven dollars. There is an
appearance of top heaviness about a
system of this kind which must sug
gest itself to the most superficial" ob
server. But the most lamentable result
of this top heavy system has been in the
neglect, and the utter failure to provide for
even the semblance of decent instruction,
in the common grade of schools. Supintend
ent Kiehle estimates that of the whole
number of teachers only 4 per cent, are first
grade teachers, while 40 per cent, actually
have less than a common school education.
Then again is the evil resulting from the
lack of continuity in service. The reports
of county superintendents show that over
62 per cent, of the teachers do not remain
employed as long as one year in the same
school. This is a very ugly showing for the
efficiency and thoroughness of our public
school system. The state must reverse its
policy if it hopes to make the system of free
education a success. It must unload at the
top and begin to build up at the bottom.
A PETULANT CONGRESSMAN"*.
The course pursued by Congressman
FBB&SBICK. Of lowa, in tendering his
resignation to the governor of the state
because the postmaster general refused to
follow his suggestions relative to the ap
pointment of a postmaster at lowa City, is
one of the strangest freaks that has
occurred In public life since Coxkling
and Platt stepped out of the senate !
chamber in a passion of rage •at the j
Garfield administration. The appoint- ■
ment of postmaster at lowa City was J
made on the recommendation of Represent
ative Murphy, whereupon Representative
Frederick hastened to Washington to in- i
terview the president. Failing to gain en- j
trance to the White house, although he had
lingered around the portals for several days, j
he finally sat down in a rage of desperation
and wrote an open letter to the president
and had it published in the Washington _
papers, in which he informed Mr. Cleve- i
land of the bad tricks that the postmaster '
general had been serving him and in- 1
timated to the president in the clear- ;
est manner possible that Mr. Vilas :
was shaping his official course to se- :
cure the presidential succession for j
himself. It may be possible that Mr. Vilas j ■
has an ambtion In that direction, but Mr. \
Frederick's pendancy will not affect the
situation. If his object was to squelch
Vilas, he has failed. There is no reason
to believe that the postmaster general has
the presidential bee in his bonnet, nor is
there any reason to believe that he stood
the ghost of a chance to get the nomina
tion, even if he did have It. The only
thing that Mr. Frederick ha? t*eco___
pushed is to make himself ridiculous in the ,
eves of his constituency. He was •fleeted j
to congress for the purpose of aiding to
secure wholesome legislation, «nd not to
quarrel over the distribution of spoils.
BALLET AND POLITICS.
Gen. Hawley says, in his address de
livered at Hamilton college the other day.
that next to preaching the word of God the
life and work of a politician is best fitted to
bring out ail that is true and lot in man
kind. This sounds like queer doctrine in
the light of the visible manifestations of
the result of political work In this country,
and it will be swallowed by the general
public with a good many grains of salt in
the seasoning. But strange as Gen, Haw
ley's statement may sound to unregenerate
ears, it does have the same pecu
liar eccentric idea of what constitutes
the higher religious life as is found em
bodied in the reply of the American Opera
management to the Evangelical alliance
which protested against the production of
the ballet in St. Louis. The grn-ind of ob
jection urged by the St. Louis clergy to the
ballet feature of the new opera v. .is the im
moral tendencies of the ballet performances.
The opera management., takes direct issue
with the preachers. The management
claims to be engaged in a religious work,
and that jn producing the ballet it is
doing all possible within the do
main of artistic and historical reason
to meet the religious feeling of the
country, and insists that "beautiful stage
pictures are, perhaps, the nearest possible
approach to heavenly scenes." Shades of
our mighty dead, what is this country com
ing to, anyway, when the ballot-box stuffer,
the queen of the ballet and the average
stage scenic painter aie held up as the
highest types of our religious life ! If the
original Eden was made up of such combi
nations, then Adam is vindicated. The
sooner he ate the apple and got out the bet
ter it was for him. But. Gen. Hawley
and the American Opera company to the
contrary notwithstanding, there a/c better
things in earth and heaven than politics and
the ballet. This old world of ours is get
ting very crooked in many respects, but it
hasn't veered so far out of its moral course
as to settle down on the bedrock of political
corruption or operatic fakes.
The latest subject of literary discussion
is the derivation of the word caucus. The
accepted derivation, as given by Webster
and stated in Baktlett's Dictionary of
Americanisms, is disputed by more modern
writers. The father of Samuel Adams is
usually credited with being the originator
of the caucus. He was interested in ship
building, and about the time of the break
ing out of the Revolutionary war he and
his associates in the ship business were in
the habit of holding secret meetings for the
purpose of laying plans, or, as we would
term it in modern days, of setting up the
pins, to circumvent the British. These
meetings were called 'Talkers' meet
ings." and it has been usually supposed
that the word caucus in this way became a
corruption of the word calker. But the
more recent explanation, and the most
plausible, is that the word was derived from
the Indian tongue. The Algonquin word,
kaw-kaw-wus. means a councilor one who
encoura_.es. advises or urges. If the cau
cus was merely an assembling together of
•arsons lor consultation and agreement, the
"calker" derivation might be accepted. But
as in most instances it resembles a pow
wow or Indian war dance more than any
thing else, we are forced to. accept the
An illustration of how incorrectly history
Is sometimes written is found in Bex: Pick
ley Pooue's reminiscences of American
statesmen, in which be says the late Alex
ander 11. Stephens had his hand so badly
mangled in his celebrated knife encounter
with Judge Cora that he was never able to
use his hand in writing afterwards. Maj.
Poore was intimately acquainted with Mr.
Stephens all his lifetime, and it is most
remarkable that he should have made such
a blunder. The fact is that, although Mr.
Stephens' hand was terribly cut and man
gled in the life and death fight with his in
furiated brother Georgian, which occurred
thirty odd years ago. he did not lose the use
of It Up to the day of his death he con
tinued to use. tbe pen, and there are thou
sands of people in this country who are in
possession of letters written by his own
good hand long after it had been sliced up
with a Georgia toothpick. If a reliable
historian like Maj. Poore makes such mis
takes, what reliance can we place in aver
It begins to look very much as though
Judge Church is going to be named as the
next governor of Dakota, and that, too,
despite the very strong papers which aie
undoubtedly on file in behalf of Mr. Day.
It is not at all clear, however, that Mr.
Day is very much opposed to the selec
tion of Judge Church. On the contrary,
it is more than probable that the national
committeeman is cognizant of the arrange
ment that will put the learned judge into
the gubernatorial chair and . has had the
force of his personal disappointment broken
by judicious intimations from the powers
that be regarding the other intentions of the
administration toward him. Even should
some such an arrangement not be in view
the selection of Church instead of Day
would give no occasion for surprise when
the president's usual mode of procedure is
taken into consideration. It has been the
habit to look rather slightingly upon those
whose claims to office have been rather per
sistently forced upon his attention, while it
has ever been his custom to regard with
favor the applicant who rendered himself
modestly conspicuous by his absence from
the vicinity of the appointing power. Mr.
Day's friends have been unusually active
In his behalf, while Judge Church has
made nothing like such a vigorous effort
It would be directly in the line of precedent
therefor should the mantle of Gov. Pierce
fall upon the capable shoulders of Judge
The spontaneous tribute which Delegate
Gifford, of Dakota, pays to the ability
and worth of Congressman Carlisle is
especially gratifying, coining from the
source it does, a Republican congressman.
Mr. Gifford Is more than right in saying
that the defeat of Carlisle would have
been a national loss. To the West espe
daily it would have come home in the light
of a calamity. When the high tariff men
are so ably represented in the house it Is
of vital importance to the West, which has
pledged itself in favor of a common-sense
reduction of the tariff to a simple reve
nue-raising basis, to have in the forensic
arena men who can champion her interests
as against the fallacious arguments of the
Eastern sophists. There a/c few enough
of such men in congress, and the loss of j
Mr. CARLISLE, who, as Mr. Gifford I
says, is "a credit" to the country," would j
have been at this time irreparable. It is |
more than probable that the tariff discus
sion will be begun betimes by the present |
congress, and it Is well that the sentiment
of the West will be intelligently expressed. |
A PROSPEROUS YEAR.
The irresistible logic of events has put '
the stamp of falsehood on the assertions
of the political prophets who predicted, In
the campaign of ISS4, that a Democratic
administration would ruin every business
interest in the country. It has been ob- (
served that the prosperity of the country is
more reliably gauged by the extent of rail
way building than by any other method.
Judging by this standard, the country has
ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. 6ATUKDAI MORNING. DECEMBER _, 1886. -SIXTEEN PAGES.
never been more prosperous than at pres
ent. Mr. Swank,' of the American Iron
and Steel association, declares that the ;
steel rail output of the present season will
exceed that of 1882, when railway building
in this country reached high-water mark.
He also states that 800.000 tous of steel
rails are already contracted for to be de
livered in 18S7. and he is of opinion that
the mileage of new track next year will
exceed that of 1886. .-, ■■■/■
THE PRESIDENT IS SOLID.
Whatever anybody else may have thought
of the result of the recent congressional
elections, it is very evident that President
Cleveland has not been disturbed by it.
He stands just where he always stood, and
will press upon congress at the approach
ing session the same . general policy that he
urged in his former message. He has
faith in the wisdom of his policy and is go
ing to stick to it. Consistency is a good
thing in its way, and the president proposes
to be consistent.
While Minneapolis Is engaged in a very
commendable work in inducing the enter
prising burglar to seek more coßgenial climes,
St. Paul does not care to be regarded as an
asylum for gentry ol that kind, and the sooner
they are made to appreciate it the better.
In searching about for the cause of the
wonderful flurry at San Fraucisco in mining ]
stocks, has any one thought of locating the i
whereabouts of a gentleman named Keene, '
who once dallied with Jay Gould, to the lat
ter's serious discomfiture?
What with the revival of cannibalistic in
stincts in the natives of Tonquin, any one !
contemplating making the missionaries sta
tioned in that region Christmas presents, !
will do well to make them in the form of iron
clad life insurance policies.
The woman problem is again engaging the
attention of economic writers, but the fem
inine problem that is of the most absorbing!
interest is whether the styles are going to
change again after 'she has bought her winter
When Chicago bookkeepers and cashiers
are inclosed in wire cages and provided with
bell punches there will be reasonable ground
for the supposition that Chicago's standard
of commercial honesty will, in time, be ele
Montreal is going right ahead with her
carnival preparations, in spite or the tact
that it would be the better part of valor for
her to discreetly wait and see how the thing
is properly done by St. Paul.
Even real estate feels the invigorating;
effect of tbe weather, and retains its old-time
buoyancy. It's a habit it has in the Twin
Cities and a habit that investors can well
afford to study with interest.
If all the Minneapolis millers combine
into one vast manufacturing concern, how
wouid it do for all the farmers to form one
grand producing company.. Centralization
is the order of the day.
Perhaps the giving of the Bulgarian throne
to an American would be the best solution 01
the- p.-obletn, alter all. ami almost any Amer
ican railway magnate would fill the position
with sufficient dignity.
If many more moneyed Americans conclude
to take up their residence, in Canada the an
nexation talk will veer around to the advis
ability of attaching the United States to the
Still the toboggan slides do not rear their
lippery surfaces, and St. Paul's lassies arc
deferring a very excellent opportunity for
ana ing themselves in extremely becoming
The newspaper men. with visions of un
limited columns of space which their industry
must till, are the only ones who do not view
the approach of the carnival with unalloyed
The nightmare that now haunts Chicago's
dreams is tbe dread that in speaking of the
metropolis of the West the ordinary observer
will conclude that the Twin Cities are indi
The Globe is the only paper In the conn
try which lias pub isbed a picture of tho fa
mous Lady CAMPBELL. Westward the star of
entet prise takes its way.
Sjn*cf the Standard Oil company has suc
ceeded in getting a foothold in Germany.
Bismarck might as well getieady to retire
The usual monthly Indian uprising has not
been reported from the Northwest, but pet
haps the correspondents have all gone off on
a hunting trip.
— — ■
It is a wonderful record of prosperity that
the Twin Cities can show for the past year,
but they intend to do still better in the
And not even enough to purchase him a
mitten was left to poor, neglected Senator
Jones in the will of his Detroit inamorata's
The administration still has on hand the
wherewithal to comfortably fill numerous
Christmas stockings. Let the hosiery be got
The enthusiasm over the ice carnival has
begun to bubble. As the weather grows
colder it should reach nearer the boiling
The proper status of "Doc" Wilson bids
fair to rank as as an undetermined question
with the identity ot the Tichborne claimant.
The thermometer is really a very con
venient inveution. It enables Mlnnesotians
to know of the arrival of sub-zero weather.
Now that the row in the American Opera
company is settled, the country can once
more settle dowu to peace and quietness.
In view of the fact that congress meets
Monday next, the churches ought to be espe
cially fervent in their services.
It is not true that the carnival managers
are negotiating with Senator Edmunds to
enact the role of Ice King.
An Iconoclastic Order.
New YorK World.
The Austrian government has issued an
order prohibiting poker-playing within the
dominion. Thus is tbe Berlin treaty again
defied. It was distinctly stated, we believe,
in that document that the game of poker
should be protected by all the powers to the
end of lime. It was further decreed in detail
that a prince ho did not ante should be com
pelled to abdicate; that three kings beat any
thing on the board; that blulfiug was a tine
art and should be nourished as such; tbat
any diplomat caught with a flush should be
considered unworthy of his profession; that
tbe powers should never play straights; tbat j
two kuaves always beat two queens, etc., etc.
And now Austria has thrown all these able
rulings to the winds and has utterly boycotted
poker. We shall soon hear from the astute
European correspondents as to how tbis move
will affect the status quo in Bulgaria.
_n iss Cleveland aud. tbe Young Folks
It 13 pretty well understood that Miss
Cleveland will spend the Christmas holidays
here with the president and Mrs. Cleveland.
The Children's Christmas club, in which she
was so much interested last winter, will re
ceive again her encouragement, and a meet
ing will probably be called shortly after
Thanksgiving to arrange the preliminaries
for the annual dinner. Miss Mollie Vilas is
president of the club, and Miss Mary Cadman,
Mrs. Cleveland's nieoe, will be also among
the youthful workers.
An Ft- Managing Editor's Grief.
Allen O. Myers in Cincinnati Enquirer. |
I have not abused anybody for so long that
I almost fear I have lost the art, but there are
a number of very worthy but missuided
brothers of the quill who can provoke an
angel to wrath by their persistent misrepre- j
sentations and malice. As managing cd.tor
of the Enquirer mv salary was too big to no- I
tice them, but now I am a common, every- j
da*., o dinary, respectable reporter again, j
s— n if I don't believe I will get down to their . j
level some day and skin a few skunks.
_ m "-
Or of the Morey Letter.
The impression is growing that Jim Cum- !
mings, the Missouri express robber, is none l
other than the author of the famed Junius i
TRAINING THE BODY.
The G-ymnap nm. With all its Appliances
For Developing and Perfecting a
A Movement We 1 Under "Way to Erect
an Elaborate Y. M. 0. A. Gym
nasium in St. Paul- i
Something of the Work That Is Sow
Being Don*- Towaid Develop
HE tendency of young
men. to-day seems to be
ward athletic training
and amusement. It has
become a fashion, a
rage, - a simultaneous
whim. The young sec
retary, book-keeper or
clerk of to-day feels the
need of recreation and
of physical exercise
and development. A
vacation of two weeks
in the summer, devoted
to camping out, fishing
and hunting, is only
temporary and the great want is felt of a
constant and not exhaustive bodily exercise,
not only for relaxation and recreation, but
for the proper development of the body, to
Increase muscle, to harden and strengthen
bone, to assist eac.i unction to perform its
specific duty natu.ally. to remedy physical
defects, and to bring about an admirable
beauty of form, quickness of action, and
elasticity of movement. Accordingly the
gymnasium has become the fashionable ex
pedient of the modern youth. He is natur
ally either proud of manly form, or ashamed
of apparent corporal defects, and
in either instance he has the natural long
ing to improve what masculine grace lie
possesses so that, whether prospective or
attained, robustness of breast, breadth of
shoulder, and corresponding perfection of
arms and limbs, shall indicate great strength
and endurance. As this implies courage,
he becomes possessed of the masculine
charm which appeals particularly to the
feminine nature, for the qualifications of
strength and courage are absolutely essen
tial to please the female mind, and as prov
idence has given woman an instinctive de
sire to increase her personal beauty of form,
complexion, hair and embellishment to
please the man. so is man also endowed
with a natural wish to make himself as
near physically perfect as is possible to
impress favorably the gentler sex. A well
regulated aud well fitted up gymnasium is
a thing of proper hours, embraces every
known system of physical exercise, gradat
ing the task of effort to the subject's easy
endurance; and it has its attendant danger,
to the novice, which makes it an attraction
possessing that excitement which seems to
be in a gloat degree necessary to arouse the
masculine will and to set the faculties in
ST. PAUL to HAVE ONE.
All over the country Young Men's Christ
ian associations have been organized, and
in nearly every city the Y. M. C. A. gym
nasium is known to every young business
man. whether he be ready to accept the
Christian faith or remain skeptical or unre
deemed. Boston and Brooklyn have gym
nasium buildings which are vi trvels ol
beauty and wonders of architecture, ami
their buildings were reared by popula
pecuniary contribution. St. Paul, too
among the cities of prbgressiveuess is also
to have its grand gymnasium building, an*
i. 100 000 Is little enough if the edifice is to
compare favorably with the city. A build
ing committee consisting of R. C. Jeffer
son, chairman, W. B. Ladd. James Su\
dam. E. F. Hoxsifl and A. S. Tallmadge,'
has been app tinted by the d rectors of tin
association t > select a site, and T. E. Hel
m ok. the financial secretary, has been in
len-elv active in obtaining subscriptions.
the GLOBE recently that he understood that
$30. 000 had already been subscribed toward
the commendable project. The prominent
business men of the city are taking up the
matter, and as the ball rolls it rapidly accu
mulates in size.
Even at present the Y. M. C. A. gymna
sium, in the Sherman building, corner of
Wabasha and Ninth streets. Is an institution
of some magnitude and much popularity,
notwithstanding its accommodations are
limited and facilities cramped. Started
with about 95 boys and youths two years
ago, it has increased to a membership of
500. and the list includes many of the best
known young men In the city, embracing
such names as Ed E Davidson, C. P. Hill.
E. S. Jaggard, Ogden Hammond, C. P.
Mitchell, Morris Self, J. H. Bushnell. 11.
C. Jefferson, W. C. Wade, M. Oppenheim.
E. P. Gilbert. W. H. Brown, George \V.
Hayes, W. L. Reed, W. Camden, W. N.
Armstrong, E. Constans and L. Coming.
In the second story of the Sherman
building are the rooms of the Y. M. C. A.
Descend a flisrht of stairs from the sec
retary's room and the well-equipped do
main of Supt. R. L. Weston is reached,
with its array of horizontal and parallel
bars, spring boards, trick ropes, rowine
machines, dumb bells and Indian clubs.
Prof. Weston is a lithe, well-shaped young
man of 28 years, who graduated from the
Boston gymnasium under Prof. Roberts,
and has taught a term of gymnastics in
Columbus. O. In Boston and Low
ell. Mass., he earned a record of
winning running and rowing races.
Poor health sent him into the gymnasium.
Three years ago he measured thirty-two
inches around the breast. Now he fills
forty-one inches, with other measurements
in good proportion. In the basement be
low the gymnasium are the bath rooms
and lockers, so that the institution is com
plete at the nominal cost of member
ship of So per annum, and a fee of
S3 for the use of a locker. When the
gymnasium was first started it was in a
room 43x23 feet. Last September the gym
nasium was increased a third in size by re
moving the baths and lockers to the base
ment, it now being 23x63 feet. There are
now 200 lockers. ' an increase of 120, and
they are nicely arranged in tiers and rows,
with passages between, and any one is large
enough to contain one's suit of clothes. The
baths have been improved by putting in one
needle, one hose and two over-head shower
baths, or sponges. There are three tubs,
six wash bowls aud an elegant large mirror.
Iv the engine room adjacent to the bath
rooms is a space used for light sparring,
and a couple of pairs of gloves lying on the
floor betrayed their very recent use.
In the gymnasium is almost everything,
and each apparatus bas its particular adap
tation. There are two horizontal bars to
develop the chest and broaden the shoulder;
parallel bars for the lower chest and back
arms; trick-rings, giving trapese exercise,
but harder to manage than the trapese;
climbing ropes and ladders to teach the
laud laddie to climb hand over hand, giv
ing him a firm grasp, full chest, good wind
and wiry body: a row of swinging rings
along the gymnasi
um to be used specif
ically for the shoul
ders; a wrist ma
on a pulley principle,
to strengthen the ,
wrist; chest weights,
compelling a variety
>f bodily move
nents; abdominal .
mlley affair, used j
.vhile lying on the .
flat of the back, and
very beneficent to ****- v"" 0 " «hest or unruly : I
_j i|ii|i|__ps^pßpsßjHslpßW~l l
stomach: an intercostal machine, an over- |
head pulley. like contrivance to straighten |
the shoulders; rowing .pulleys, with rubber j
weights, to strengthen the biceps and upper j
part of the body; a four-oared and a double
oared rowing machine, giving the same
exercise as rowing; a canvas-covered run
ning track, dumb-bells. Indian clubs,
wands, a horse, neck, shoulder and leg
pulleys, and last, but not least by any
means. Prof. Rumsey patent air striking
bag, used by all sparring experts to give
them lightning like quickness of action.
The novice, upon entering the institution,
is measured carefully. Height, weight,
neck, shoulder, chest, waist, hip, thigh,
calf, bicep and arm measurements are
carefully taken and noted down in the
superintendent's record. His needs are
considered, and the training prescribed is
whatever will best be adopted to meet his
needs. At the end of a period measure
ments are again taken and his progress
noted. And there are on record some good
examples of work done. T. Spear, age 18
years, in one year increased two inches
around chest measurement, and other
measurements accordingly, except the
waist, where was no increase. 11. Shep
pard, 17 years old now. from December of
last year* until November this year
GAINED AN INCH
around the neck, three inches in shoulder
circumference, three and one-half around
the chest, an average of one inch increase
in calves and thighs, two Inches in waist,
and one in biceps. The work is done al
together on a scientific basis and when
there is a particular detect in any of these
it is noted down, and the proper apparatus
prescribed. Rules are made and closely
adhered to. Instances there have been '
where - severe , cases of dyspepsia,
weak chests and weak backs have
been cured. But, of course, the gymnasium
is not for the making of acrobats; it is for
the harmonious development of the muscles,
and does not anticipate the performance of
gymnastic marvels. Classes of boys and
young men meet to drill and practice every
day in the week in gymnastics and calis
thenics. On Monday rod Thursday and
Saturday afternoons, when the young men
assemble, and on Tuesday afternoon and
Saturday morning, when the boys' class
gathers, the institution presents a pic
ture of extreme activity. The St. Paul
and Minnesota Boat clubs practice here at
convenience. Some athletic exhibitions
w'll be given during the winter, and Supt.
Weston intends to secure the Grand Opera
house for an evening exhibition. A prize
exhibition will wind up the winter's work,
and during the carnival Supt. Weston
win get up several street uruis.
yk>Z, MOW CiOTT)£PCI. j
thai les Stanley, who play
the role of Gen. Knicker
bocker in "The Little Ty
coon" company, has what ;
may properly be termed a j
miscellaneous face. It Is a
frontispiece in which every
one can see a resemblance
to some friend or acquaint
ance. It is a "phiz" that
offers an unusually interest
ing study to an observer of
• __.. _■..!! n p ...... 1!r._.0 to i.
'aces, so original and run or octa lines is ii. j
t is oue of those peculiar faces that seems as
perfectly at home on the -shoulders of a king
is a peasant. A face full of dignity, full of
■minor and full of pathos; a strong and
•eculiar combination. Stanley is a man of
■are versatility and he has credited to him the
authorship of some very creditable verse.
At verse making he is as clever as was that
lord of Scotland. -"'looby" Burns, and his
ythra is quite as remarkable for
its purity and simplicity. It is not
.nown by the majority of people who hear
dm, that the son.' he slogs in tiie last act of
i .0 Little Tycoon and which always wins re
tated encores for him, is composed ex
temporaneously and as lie sings. It is never
ihelessa f.ict. He has two verses that lie
curries In his bead but after bo has suns: them
.c extemporizes and composes lines to tit j
his song as he sings. It Is a won lerful tact j
and no one appreciates It so little as Stanley I
lituself. - It is so natural for him to think I
and write poetically that he often converses I
for hours in rnymo. When asked if this isn't |
exhausting, he calmly reolie. that he sup- |
poses it is to the other fellow. He has been j
offered bier money to travel through the
country as an advertising card for patent
medicine firms under tie title of "The Ryth
mic Wonder." the idea beintr to draw open
air crowds in the large cities and spout
poetry extemporaneously composed on sub
jects to be suggested by his auditors.
The St. Jacobs Oil company offered him an
annual gaiary of 118,000 and his travelinu' ex
penses paid If he would represent them on
the road in this capacity, but he re; used,
preferring to sing In opera for far less money,
so closely la he wedded to the profession.
Says he: '"All I want is three meals a day and
a chance to Are wads of musical atmosphere
at an appreciative audience seven or eight
Limes a week, and 1 am happy."
One would be apt to think the character of
Lord Dolphin, played by Edward Everett, was
a minor role and an easy one to play. Such,
however. is not the case, and tbe character is
a most difficult one to carry through with the
effect that it is intended to give. It can be
very easily overdone and as easily under
drawn. It Is one of those peculiar
roles in which the actor can
go so far and do farther. He
has an opportunity to explain his position or
to place himself on a pleasant footing with
the audience by saying something funny.
He must look and act his part and nothing
more. Edward Everett draws a larger salary
than any other member of the Little Tycoon
company. It is something like $300 per week,
and he is a shrewd financier. He owns prop
erty in various enterprising cities in the
East and West that is constantly increasing
in value, and be is contemplating investing
in residence property in this city, and he is
only ii years old.
A man sat down Thanksgiving day.
With a happy heart, to a bounteous lay
Of turkey and saute and wine.
And he ate and ate of that bounteous lay.
With a thankful heart. Thanksgiving day.
And he drank the sparkling wine.
A man lay down the other day
Id a cooliah. calm, collected way.
And his weeping friends sat near.
•'He'd been living to-day," I heard tnem
"If he'd let alone that sparkling wine,
Now all he's got is bier."
Senator Ward Suggested.
The Democrats are looking about for some
liberal Republican to support for United
States senator against C. K. Davis, whose
tariff views are too hisrh for them. Gilman
has been named, also Cole. Dunnell and Nel
son. If Davis is to be beaten (a consumma
tion to be deplored,) we suggest to the atten
tion of our Democratic friends Senator W. G.
Ward, of this county, as being a man likeW
to develop more Democratic strength than
any of those named, and ft man able to com
mand many Republican votes as well. Mr.
Ward is sound on the tariff, exactly in accord
with the people of the state— liberal in his
views and eminently capable of flllinjr the
position with credit to himself and honor to
the state. He has hosts of personal friends
in the Democratic party, as well as in bis
own. and uo political enemies anywhere. No
man in the state can be named, more avail
able for their purpose, and prominent Demo- , .
crats have said as much in our hearing.
Gill's Guess on McGill.
St. Peter Tribune.
Tbe Pioneer Press "political skirmisher" is
making any number of guesses as to Gov.
McGill's appointments, hut we "jruess" it isn't
worth while for anybody to build great ex
pectations on these guesses, for they are
probably very wild. We doubt if the »cov
ernor himself has fully determined on any of
them. "■'*-';■■*'■ ;:■*•*.' •-*'""
Who Will Par tbe Fiddler. •"
The state press still continues almost unan
imous for C. K. Davis for United States sena
tor. If the legislature elects' any oue else to
tbat position, look out for the biggest kind of
a w**- da*"-* "■"■ is state ever witnessed.
RUMBLE OF THE RAILS.
Rumored Changes to Take Place in the
Management of the Baltimore &
A. New Eoad Rapidly Pushing Towards
Hutchinson— Earnings of Three
The llulutli Road Makes Some
Changes In Its Time Table
"New York, Dec. B.— A Pittsburg special
".says: A man posted on railroad matters
informed a reporter yesterday afternoon
that he expected some important changes
in the management of the Baltimore A
Ohio road about the first of the year. He
expected to see the first vice president,
Samuel Spencer, resign, and be succeeded
by the second vice president. Thomas King.
He added: "Next. I think that instead of
"bavin!., one general manager, as at present,
there will be three general managers. The
line from New York to Baltimore, with its
blanches, will form one general division.
with James McCreigh tori as general man
ager. The lines east of the Ohio river, in
cluding the Pittsburg division, the .Metro
politan branch, the Parkersburg branch, and
the Shenandoah Valley branch, will form
the central grand division, and I am told
that William M. Clements, at present gen
MANAGER OP TIIE ERIE
Express company, has been offered the posi
tion of general manager of this division.
Capt. Clements was formerly master of i
trausportat of the Baltimore & Ohio,
and under the Spencer plan of reorganisa
tion was made general superintendent, a
position subordinate to that of General
Manager Den bam, who was brought from
the Louisville & Nashville; The failure to
appoint Capt. Clements to the general man
agement was a source of mortification to
him, and in fact to nearly all of the Balti
more authorities, ami as soon as an oppor
tunity was offered he resigned to accept tlie
management of the Brie express. The
trans-Olio interests of thy Baltimore will
form another division, with VV. W. Pea
body, formerly president ami general mana
ger of the Ohio & Mississippi, as general
manager. Mr. Peabody. like Capt. Clem
ents, has been one of the best and most iv-
telligent of the Baltimore & Ohio officials, l
At the recent reorganization of the Ohio A:
Mississippi he was tendered tlie office of
president, but declined it. presumably to
ietain his connection with the Baltimore «&
£ar_-in__M on me Kails,
The following table shows the earnings j
of the Northern Pacific loud tor the month |
1885. 1886. Ino
Freight $999,315 $1,039,000 $49,283
Passenger 250.043 250,257 0,211
Total $1,219,358 $1,295,857 $.6 499
The earnings of tiie Minnesota & North
western for the fourth week in November
were $25,570. as against $8,015 for the
same week last, year, an increase of $10.
--925. The earnings for the month were
$51,805, an increase of $20,503 over No
The earnings of the Duluth road for the
last week in November were $43,473, for
the month $114,425. From the first of
January, '80. to the first of the present
month, the earnings of the road have
amounted to $1,399,000.
New York, Dec. 3. The following ap
plications for listing have been made at the
Stock Exchange: Chicago, Burlington &
Northern, $2,250,000 debenture bonds; St.
Paul & Duluth. $500,000 Duinth short line
tirst mortgage bonds; Columbus, Hocking
Yailej & Toledo. 81.000,000 additional
general mortgage bonds.
"So Clin "ire for r-onie Time Yet.
Supt. De Puy. of the Minnesota & North
western, arrived home from Chicago yes
terday, but said he knew nothing of the
work done in the meeting of North western
managers held for the purpose of establish
ing a pool, as he did not attend. He said
he thought that a pool would he established,
but anticipated considerable trouble in
arranging percentages. In regard to put
ting on a through passenger train between
St. Paul and Chicago, he said he thought
the road would let matteis stand as they
are at present. Probably after Jan. 1,
some action would be taken.
Pu-atiinar for Hutchinson.
The Manitoba road has purchased the
Minneapolis, Lyndale & Miiinetonka, run-
ning from Hopkins to Hutchinson, and
work on the line is being rapidly pushed.
Three gangs of men are laying rails at the
rate of a mile and three quarters a day.
The laborers on the grade are working day
and niglit. The grading is completed to
Wacouia. and is being pushed beyond to
wards Hutchinson. If they reach this
point by January the company will secure
a bonus of $44,000. offered by the citizens.
On last Monday 11,280 feet of rails were
Chancre in Time.
Several changes in the time of trains ar
riving in and departing from St. Paul on
the St. Paul & Duluth road have been made
and will go into effect to-morrow. The
changes are as follows:
Leave St. Paul. Arrive Duluth
No. 3, 10 r>. m. 6:3: i a. m.
No. 1. 8:20 a. m. 2:40 p.m.
No. 5, 4:35 p. m. at Hinckley. 8:20 p. m.
' * .'. *' ' .'_ . GOING SOUTH.
Leave Duluth. Arrive St. Paul
No. 2, 1 p. m. 7:10 p. m.
No. 4. 9:30 p. m. 5:35 a.m.
No. 6, leave Hinckley 5:30 a. m. 8:55 a. m.
Trains that did leave St. Paul for White
Bear lake at 5:15 p. m. will leave five min
utes earlier. The White Bear and Still
water train that now leaves St. Paul at 6:20
p. m. will leave ten minutes earlier.
Application-* for Listing.
New York, Dec. 3. The following ap
plications for listing have been made at the
Stock exchange: Chicago, Burlington &
Northern. 82.250,000, debenture bonds; St.
Paul & Dtiluih, $5,000,000. Duluth Short
line first mortgage bonds; Columbus, Hock
ing Valley & Toledo. £1,000,000 additional
general mortgage bonds.
New York, Dec. 3. — Railroad earnings
for the month of November: Northern Pa
cific. 1886. $1,304,952; 1835, SI. 358;
increase 855.594. St. Paul. 1886, 82.469,
--000; 1885, 82,638,499; decrease 8169,419.
They 'lay Brine* Suit.
Philadelphia, Dec. 3. — Upon the
petition of the attorney general Judge
Butler to-day, in the United States circuit
court, made an order granting leave for
suit to be brought in the court of common
pleas of Dauphin county against the
receivers of the Philadelphia & Beading
Railroad company and the other railroads
concerned, for the purpose of testing the
legality of the trunk line pool, and to en
join the defendants from acting uuder such
agreement Another petition asking for
leave to bring suit against the Reading
Railroad and Coal & Iron companies, to
test the validity of the anthracite pool, was
also gt anted. ___________ % ;*.
i Uleciinis at Chicago.
Chicago, Dec. 3. — The Transcontinental
lines have agreed to form a passenger asso
ciation. It will date from Dec. 6, and ex
pires by limitation in four months. The
contract contains the usual clause requiring
three days' notice of withdrawal, and pro
vides a graded set of commissions to be
paid. To-day the lowa. Dakota and Min
nesota Freight association meeting was
concluded. The commissioner's salary was
raised and a variety of matters disposed of.
Tbe Truce Extended.
Chicago, Dec. 3. 1n the Northwestern
passenger pool meeting to-day a committee
consisting of representatives of each line
was appointed to determine the boundaries
«i the association, and report to-morrow
*___ __i_*B—— Itaxa_vsm.—1 taxa_vsm.—t t_m_*ixi . . «
morning. The present truce was extended
up to Jan. 1.
Chips From the Ties.
Brown, Howard & Co., contractors of the
Duluth, South Shore& Atlautierailway. have
sublet the contract for clearing, grading and
bridgin* the south branch of the new line
from Sage, on the Marquette & Mackinac line,
to the Sault Ste. Marie, a distance of forty-
Six miles, to Hex ford Bros. A Hodge, of New
York. The subcontractors will also furnish
the ties. The subcontracts on the Western
division will not be let lor two or three
months yet, as the locating survey will not be
finished beiore that time.
Commissioner Faitborn, of the Wester*
Traffic association, directs special attention
to the fact that the rates between Chicago,
St. Louis, etc., and Missouri river points ou
business destined to Montana common points
are subject to the current joint Western
classification and the supplement tnereto,
this basis for classification applying to St
Paul, Minneapolis and Minnesota Transfer.
Robert Kerr, general freight agent of th.
Western division of the Canadian Pacific road,
has Issued a circular announcing that the
station of Finxnark, en the Thunder Bay sec
tion, thirty-seven miles west of Port Arthur,
has been closed to traffic.
The Lewis Walter property at Southfield,
Staten Island, has been purchased by A. B.
Stickney, of the Minnesota & Northwestern.
The property will be used in connection with
the stock yards scheme. Tbe price paid ia
said to be $15,000.
On the evening: of Jan. S the 'Possum club,
of which Judge Chandler, of the Milwaukee
road, is the grand high 'possum, will banquet
at the l.van. This is an annual affair and the
! 'possums this year will do their prettiest.
It is expected thai the Minnesota & North
western ttcnei-ul offices will be removed into
the new Hank of Minnesota building, corner
of Sixth and Jackson streets, souk, time next
Manilla, a new station on the Council Bluffs
division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul road in lowa, has been opened for busi
ness. W. C. Jeffrey has been appointed
The light-hearted F. McFeelev. apentof the
Manitoba road tttFargb.was prancing around
the city yesterday.
Assistant General Manager Odell, of the
Northern Paciiic, is expected home from the
F. B. and J. T. Clark, of the Omaha road,
will be home from Chicago to-day.
He flight Have Known It.
"Where's the towel?" inquired the fore
man of the devil in a printing office.
'•All in pieces."'
'•How's that*.' It was standing up in the
corner all right yesterday. "
"W_.il ..,_, h'noa ...;_./! ... .;.. .1,,. ..A..... ........
*.»-, in. _#i..-i_» mill iv lid lilt' UIHU'MIUL
with it last night when it was dry, and it
bioke in four places.''
••Huh. the old fool, why didn't he soak it
up ■"""•st? Might know it would break."
Difference in Hind.
Edith — I see Strauss received 81.000
apiece for his waltzes, besides au awful bi__
share of the profits.
Mabel — Well, he ought, to. But don't
you know Mozart and Beethoven and Haydn
••Yes; but people couldn't hug to their
music, you know."
GOSSIP OF tie .-: CO Km DOBS.
Speaking of C. K. Davis, K. E. Corliss sail:
"Well, Davis has a good many friends up In
Fergus Falls; a good many don't care a blank
and a pood many are for the othe fellow."He
did not say who "the other fellow" was.
Representative Wilson has been elected
president of the Alexandria council, always
on a low-license ticket, and this is all the
more strange because Alexandria is a high
license town. He says it is not right to give
a rich man any advantages over a poor man
in the saloou business, and he believes the
question should be left to a popular vote. He
is an out-and-out Davis man— one of the few
who, since the election, openiy say so. Said
he: "I like a Republican and I like a Demo
crat, but a Mugwump."
Private Secretary Jennison comes out flat
footed and says he is a full fledged candidate
for the secretaryship of the state senate, and
he adds. "I always come out and say so when
I make up my mind."
Apropos to the above. Lieut. Gov. Rice
gives it out cold that in his opinion there
have been only three men behind the desk ot
secretary of the senate, namely: Sam Nichols.
Charley Johnson, of Minneapolis, and Gen.
S. P. Jennison. The last named gentleman
has beeu secretary of the senate two sessions,
aud clerk of the house three.
Congressman Mac Donald came In from
Shakopee Thursday. Both Senator Peter
Nelson and Jen i Frederichs called upon him
to talk about tue Red Wing postoffice. Ills
reply was: "Gentlemen, when Igo down to
Washington I don't care a cent what will
benefit any one particular man. lam going
to do that which is for the best interests of
A Sweeping Charge.
The Waseca Herald, edited by Hon. J. "B.
Child, who was the Prohibition candidate for
governor, charges that all but four <.r Aye of
the Republican papers in the First congres
sional d strict were bribed to support Mr.
Lovely, or failed to render such support be
cause they had not been bribed. This is a
sweeping charge, and the Winona Republican
calls upon Mr. Chiid to give his authority for
the accusation, and the names of the news
papers implicated, as the only way in which
the upright newspapers of the district can be
Wants a Smaller Pismire.
Battle Lake Review.
The result of the last election is now known.
McGill is elected by a majority that would
make a true Republican blush with shame.
It is now in order for the bosses at Minneapo
lis and St. Paul to commence fixing up for
the next state convention. They are advised
to select a smaller pismire and a larger saw
log to place on bis back. _ :.
Let St. I'aul Consider It. Too.
It is not unlikely that Duluth will have a
suit for damages on its bands, occasioned by
the dangerous condition of its walks. The
village has no more right to permit walks to
remain absolutely unsafe, by reason of their
being covered with snow and ice in winter,
than it has to leave mantraps in them in sum
If Mr. Blame is the next president of the
United States we hope he will turn every
Democrat out of office the day after his in
auguration. If Mr. Cleveland expects to be
the next president he will do well to begin
the same good work now upon the Republic
Rambling in Grain.
It may be in tbe interest of morality t»
have no more "puts" and "calls:" but until
they sell grain in Chicago over the counter in
the board of trade, the purchaser carrying off
with him what he buys, gambling will go on
la tbe usual style.
Favor BuruerS Retention.
St. Cloud Times. /// *;
The Mankato Review, In a half-column
article, strongly favors the retention of Capt
Joseph Burger as state armorer. We second
the motion. The captain won his spurs upot
the battle field, and is fully entitled to be ro
tamed In the position be holds.
With Four of a Kind.
Editor Watterson says he has one hand ful
of olive branches and the other full of club-
Well, a full of clubs will do very well unles
the other fellow should happen to call.
THE L.DT'S MAID.
French Ninette, my lady's maid,
Would you tell, if richly paid.
All that 1 should like to know—
If my lady's cheeks do grow
Warmly red when she doth bend
O'er the roses tbat I send.
And if she but feigns to find
Love so little to her mind; - ; ; * .**_*; j
Would you tell me if by art I
Some new suitor sways her heart, J
And If that's the reason why i
She is ever cold and shy? f
. Nay. Ninette, I will not ask j
Lest too well you do your task, j
And when your quick tongue doth go j
Tell much more than I would know, J
Tell of many a scene and word <
Best unnoticed, best unheard J
For no woman, if well weighed. J
Seem*-, fwl* .***"> her maid. — Lift, I