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SAINT PAUL MATTERS.;
A Large Mass Meeting at - the Opera
House in the Interest of High
The Speakers Hint at Bribery of the
Legislature and Denounce Things . . .-.
by Resolution. ->'>..'
lev. A. W, Edwards' Emphatic Ser
mon Against High License or "/..;
Any License. -
Interview With Hon. John R* Wilson.
of Dakota— Relics of the Carni
THEY TALK HIGH LICENSE.
Speeches by Gov. McGill, Gen. Net
tleton, Father Slianley and Oilier*,
and Resolutions Adopted.
In response to the call of yesterday morn
ing, an audience of about 2,000 people,
friends and supporters of the high license
movement, assembled at the opera house.
Gov. McGill presided over the meeting, and
the stage was occupied by a number of
prominent citizens from all parts of the
The meeting was called to order at 8
> ? clock. and % quartette sang the Italian
hymn. Gov. McGill made the opening ad
dress, as follows:
This meeting was called for the purpose of
holding up the bands of those men in the
legislature who were leading in the high
license movement and encouraging the
friends of the cause in that body. When the
legislature first convened high license was
considered an assured fact, but there has
been an apparent change — perhips more ap
parent than real. The liquor interests are
splendidly organized, and are really in that
respect a worthy example to the law and
order people of this state. They have been
at work in the legislature, and have accom
plished results which have alarmed the
friends of high license. It is now desired
that we organize and do the work which has
been too much neglected. The time has
come to sift the wheat from the chaff, and
understand who are the friends and enemies
of this measure. For myself I want
it plainly understood that I am
in favor of high license. I am
in favor of trood irovernment. in
111 lavur oi guuu guvciuiiicui, m
favor of the best morality, and in favor of
•jarrying out the pledge* of the party on
whose ticket 1 ran for office. The Republi
can party in convention pledged itself to the
policy of hisrh license. The issue was made
up', and on thai issue we went before the peo
ple, conquering the opposition from the liq
uor interests, which was foreseen before the
issue was made. In that contest we tri
umphed, and now it would seem to me to be
the duty of that party to adhere to its pledges
on this subject. 1, lor one, do not propose,
under any circumstances, at any time, to re
treat from that position, and I cannot under
stand how a legislature, elected on that issue,
can at this stage go back upon its promise.
The promises of a great party have been
given out that it its members were elected it
-would enact a high license law in this state.
On that promise votes were obtained from the
Democratic party, many Democrats who be
lieved in high license leaving their
party in that election to vote
with the Republican party. We
must be true to these obligations; we must be
true to those men who sustained us in the
last election. It was not altogether a party
movement, but in this state the Republican
party was the only party to declare in favor
of high license. We are pledged to the
measure and the question now have we the
courage to fulfill our pledges? 1 believe the
legislature intends to pass the high license
law, but they have the right of approval from
their constituents, and in furtherance of that
idea this meeting has been called that they
may know that there is a public opinion back
of them that will sustain them, and that will
judge them if they fail to do their duty.
Gen. A. B. Nettleton, of Minneapolis,
■was the next speaker. He said in sub
The legislature of two years ago was mor
ally pledged to carry out the wishes of the
people on the high license question. It
Droved absolutely false to the pledges on the
strength of which its members were elected.
Last fall a two-tbirca majority of the present I
legislature was elected with the distinct un- i
derstanding that a high license bill should be !
passed. There should be no reason for the
calling of this meeting. A battle once fought
should not have to be fought over again.
But the powers of the liquor men have been
at work, and it has become necessary to call
lor the voice of tbe people to approve. They
■want to give us a 8300 license for the cities of
St. Paul- and Minneapolis. Five hundred
dollars, I say, would not be high license
for these cities. One thousand dollars is the I
very lowest that the best public sentiment of
.Minnesota will warrant or accept. Another
objection is raised that high license would
drive out of business a great number of citi
zens. They could do nothing better than
take a citizen out of the most destructive I
and damnable vocation that God has ever
permitted man to indulge in.
Senator M. J. Daniels, of Rochester, was
introduced. lie said:
I have been a member of the legislature
since l.^s'i. In that year, with the assistance i
of another member, I canvassed the bouse in !
t lie interest of high license and had positive
assurances, either direct or implied, of over
sixty members of that body that would sup
port the measure. We had every reason to
believe that it would be carried, as it only re
quired fifty-two votes to accomplish the re
sult. Erom some reason that lam unable to
explain, one by one those loyal men were
picked off. and in the morning they walked
into the capltol and made excuses why they
-could not support the measure, but it is a
remarkable fact that we discovered that most
of those men were converted in the night.
When 1 come before the present legislature,
working in the interests of this bill. I am met
with the same parly, the same men and the
6a me lobby that T have met for the last four
years— a lobby that appears to be well organ
ized, and backed up by plenty of resources
and plenty of amunition, with a large reserve
to draw from. How is it with us?
Hon. Moses E. Clapp, of Fergus Falls.
attorney general of the state, was" the next
As citizens we met at the polls last fall and
pronounced in favor of high license, protec
tion to the home and obedience to law. As a
party we pronounced in favor of the same
thing, and the chief executive of our state,
upon the occasion of his recent inaugural,
g poke in no uncertain terms upon this ques
tion. As citizens we have met again, but not
with the power of ballot, which for the time
toeing has been laid aside. Our representa
tives in the legislature are to perform those
duties which in the aggregate we cannot our
selves perform. They are our servants, to
obey our commands — to be petitioned. If
they do not now pass the high license
bill, in accordance with the desires of
the people, they will be unfaithful
to their trust, and the people who elected
them should remember it. I want to add to
•what Mr. Daniels has said, that of all those
members who were recreant to their trust in
*83, only four can now claim seats in the leg
islature. I think the present bill will pass.
Col. H. G. Hicks, of Minneapolis, spoke.
Those men who split hairs in the fight
■which is to come off at the capitol on this
high license question must be denounced as
cowards. We will mark the roll-call and the
men who for any slight excuse shall desert
Ihe ranks of the true, or shall desert the
ranks of the men who represent the minority,
xcust be consigned to future oblivion.
Father John Shanley, pastor of the Ca
thedral Catholic parish, spoke:
When invited to be present I could not say
bo, for 1 am in favor of high license first,
last and all the time, and I am in favor of
making the license just as high as it can be
made, for the Infernal traffic that is being
licensed is doing more harm in this commun
ity, and in every other community where I
liquor is sold, than all other evils combined.
"When I stand here as a Catholic priest I stand
upon my native ground. The Catholic church
lias indorsed high license, and Bishop Ire
land's whole life in the ministry has been
spent in cursing intemperance. I look upon
the majority of men engaged in the saloon
business as most disreputable fellows. If there
13 auy possible way of getting them out of
that business, in God's holy name let us do it!
If taxing them 81,000 for the privilege of sell
ing lor twelve months is going to do it, that
in what we want. During thirteen years in
Bt. Paul as priest, three-fourths of the sins I
have, been brought into contact with, and
more than three-fourths of the poverty, have
been caused by the saloon. It is high time
lor the moral element to stand up in dignity
and demand that their lawfully elected repre
eetmtives in the legislatnre should vote in
ia«or of taxinir tln.t business. I have care
fully avoided anything that might be con- j
strued into prohibition sentiment, but if this j
high license measure does not pass this year, j
and if it is not a good, solid, substantial one, I
lum very much afraid that I will go over to I
the Prohibitionists. St. Paul and Minneapolis !
want that license put at as high a figure as it i
fig possible lor them to put it, and 1,000
•will freeze out two-thirds of the little i
grojr shops in St. Paul. I am earnest in
my assertion, and 1 believe the high license I
measure will go far towards reforming St. •
Paul. and the good Lord knows that we negd I
an immense amount of reformation in this
city, which, notwithstanding its name, is fur
from being a Saintly City.
Dr. S. G. Smith, pastor of the First M. E.
church, made the next address:
It should be understood that this bill
recommends the low water mark of the senti
ment of the temperance people, and when I
speak of the low water mark 1 would remind
the gentlemen who are professional politi
cians that the tide is constantly rising. What
is high license? And what would be a fair
tax upon this traffic? These are the questions
we are asked. 1 answer, certainly not less
than the expenses it creates. If the saloous
were taxed upon this basis, there would not
be one running inside of six months. But
there is even a greater danger before
which I tremble. Speakers here have more
than hinted at bribery, and it has almost
been received as a thing to joke about. AYe
can stand it to have more whisky than we
now have, but we cannot survive the fact
that our legislature can be bought and sold.
lam told, ou what I believe to be reputable
authority, that $10,000 has been levied in the
city of Minneapolis upon the liquor side. The
saloon keepers of Stillwater have also been
levied upon in this great emergency, and not
alone the saloons of this city, but the cigar
firms as well, have been taxed and threatened
with a boycott if they did not pay. Why this
money? Why $ 10.000 because high license is
before the legislature? It simply means that
it is the faith of the saloon keepers that this
legislature can be bought. Ido not believe
that it is so. In the legislature, and in both
houses, there arc some honest men, and some
of the most warm hearted temperance men
the state affords.
At the close of Dr. Smith's speech the
following resolutions were presented by
Dr. M. McG. Dana, of the Plymouth Con
gregational church, and adopted by a rising
vote as the sense of the meeting;
Resolved, By the citizens of Minnesota in
mass meeting nsssembled at the opera house
Jan. 30, 1887:
1. That we respectfully call upon our rep
resentatives in this legislature now in session,
to redeem the pledge made in the platform
adopted by the Republican convention held
in September last, by passing the high license
bill now before both houses, recommended
by the joint committee, which bill we deem
the only fair expression of what was prom
ised at that time.
2. We denounce as dangerous to all honest
and honorable government the attempt to de
feat the popular will by such arts and arti
fices as are now being used by the representa
tives of the liquor traffic. Moreover, the
home, whose interests are so sacred, and
on whose sanctity our perpetuity as a nation
depends, is openly assailed by the saloons
which this legislature was elected to curtail
and make amenable to the laws of the state,
and regardful of those rights of humanity
now utterly ignored.
3. We call upon all friends of practi
cal temperance in our state to make their
influence felt in favor of the pending- bill,
and to urge in every honorable way their
representatives to resist every compromise
by which this high license measure iu:iy be
jeopardized, and to act promptly and unit
edly, in passing the same, by which the faith
of the party's public promises made will be
redeemed and Minnesota liberated from the
longer dominance of the ring which is now
the organized propagandist of the rum
truffle and the conspicuous opponent of the
legislation now proposed.
The last speaker was Hon. Aldeu J.
Blethen, of the Minneapolis Tribune. He
One thousand dollars is not high license for
St. Paul and Minneapolis. It is no more than
it should be. and $500 lor all other towns out
side of Minneapolis is certainly low enough.
Give every town and village local option, and
if $500 will prevent it. in God's name let it
prevent. Ido not, however, believe there is
a member of the legislature of Minnesota
that can be bought. If there be, then cer
tainly he cannot have read in the newspapers
the telegraphic dispatches from New York
city. New York city has her boodle alder
men — that is. she did have tuem— Sing Sing
has a part of them now, and there will be a
place found for boodle legislators of Minne
The audience cried for '•Donnelly," but
the learned sage was not present. The
meeting broke up with the singing of
"America" and a benediction by Dr. Dana.
AGAINST HIGH l.l€l-\SL:.
Key. A. W. Edward* Say* It is s*u
Act to Cafcli Temperance Voles.
Rev. A. W. Edwards, pastor of Clinton
Avenue M. E. church, preached yesterday
on "High License," and the sentiments ex
pressed by him were strongly against any
license whatever. His text was taken from
the xxviii chapter of Isaiah. The preacher j
said it would appear as though the words of
the text were written specially for thy pres
ent day, when state legislatures made a
compromise and covenant with the most
effective agency of hell— the liquor traffic —
and gave it the sanction of law for a
monetary consideration, lie said:
The whole history license for centuries
has been one ot shame and d ism-ace to Anglo-
Saxon, civilization. Engiuml has experi
mented with restriction and license for SOU
years, and is to-day one of the most drunken
nations on earth. Madagascar and China are
more enlightened on this question. Both the
latter have refused •'. to license opium and
liquor. But every tree shall be known by its
fruits. What can the advocates of high li
cense show as the results of their pet theory?
1 challenge the high licensist to an examina
tion of its results. ■ Nowhere has free trade '
in liquor beeu proven to be any worse in its i
results than the highest license ever adopted.
Chicago and Omaha are pretty specimens of I
temperance towns as the result of high li- i
cense. Chicago pays $300 and Omaha $1,000. I
Someb >dy ought to put Omaha on wheels j
and run it out on Waba*h:i street for the ben
eflt of the Minnesota legislature as a sample
of the virtues of hUh license. But why go
so fur from home? Hear the opinion of
some eminent authorities on this subject.
Ex-Mayor Hardy, of Lincoln, Neb., after the
$1,000 license had been in effect long enough
to test it, said: "There has been no improve
ment in our saloons; high license has done
nothing to wake up temperance sentiment.
Men get drunk as usual; saloonkeepers vio
late the law as they have always done." John
B. Finch, who labored hard for the passage
of the Nebraska law, says: "I know now
that I was terribly mistaken in my theories.
Many of the delusions urged n defense of
high license have been exploded by the tr.al
of the law." Dr. Herrick Johnson, of Chi
cago, says: "The saloons closed by high
license are mostly those in connection with
groceries, and the least harmful and most
decent of all. The great arteries of the city
show do closed saloons." The Daily News of
the same city, after the law had been in ef
fect for two years, said: "As a revenue
measure it is a success, but as a temperance
measure it is a failure and a farce." Will
such sensible men as compose the legislature
of Minnesota give their sanction to such an
iniquitous measure, thinking that it will be of
any benefit in reducing the evils flowing from
the drink traffic? Will they com
promise with the brewers and sa
loonkeepers and make a coven
with their dark trade if they pay the state a
share of the profits? If so let me waru them
in the language of the inspired prophet:
"Your covenant with death shall be disan
nulled and your agreement with hell shall not
stand." Gentlemen, there is but one way to
settle this question and that is to let the peo
pie settle it, and they will settle it right. If
you do pass the so-called high license bill give
it its right name — "An act to catch temper
ance votes without offending the rum
JOHN K. Wlt.*ON TALKS.
He Has Not Asked for Any Office,
but Thinks Gov. Church Will be
Hon. John It. Wilson, of Dakota, promi
nently mentioned in connection with the
territorial treasurership uuder the new ad
ministration, was at the Ryan yesterday. Mr.
Wilson is a young attorney of Dead wood,
and has figured very largely in the affairs
of the Democratic party of Dakota. Two
years ago last fall he was the Democratic
nominee for delegate to congress from Da
kota. His manifest interest in the affairs
of the party has led his name to be men
tioned most favorably to President Cleve
land, and latterly to Gov. Church. It was
generally understood at the territorial con
vention at Aberdeen last September that
Mr. Wilson could have had the nomination
if he had wanted it. As it was, he was
made chairman of the convention. In re
sponse to a question by a Globe reporter
lam not a candidate for either the treas
urership or the auditorship. I never made
on application for an office,or told my friends
I would accept one, but once. That was two
years ago. soon after the election, when a
number of ray friends came to me. and I told
them I would accept the governorship. The
next day I decided that I had made a mis
take and withdrew my name. It would
scarcely be a sensible act on my part to ac
cept an office from the governor, as by so
doing ray law practice would be broken up.
and 1 would be compelled to start over again
when I came out of oflice, even if I were ap
pointed. ;, In regard to other candidates . for
oflice 1 know very little. It has been stated
that Gov. Church could not very
well appoint Mr. Day to 6an office,
inasmuch as the latter bad stated publicly
that he withdrew in Gov. Church's favor.
Even If Mr. Day did do this, 1 don't see why
Mr. Church couldn't appoint him to an office.
In the Republican convention of 1880 Blaiae
did tbe sun thing- in regard to Garfiald, and
ST. 1-ATJi; DAILY GLOBE, MONDAY -MORyiN€K- JANUARY SI, IsBT.
afterwards was appointed secretary of state j
by Mr. Garfleld. I dou't know us Mr. Day is ,
an applicant for any office, but if ■ be is, I j
think Gov. Church could consistently appoint
him. As for Day himself, he is a hard
worker, a great organizer and as true as
steel. Gov. Church, I have no doubt, will
sooner or later be confirmed by the senate. .
I don't know why the opposition is made or
who is making it. It may be Gifford. If he
should request Collum to have the confirma
tion held up lor a lime as a favor to | him, of
course Collum would, do it. It is just th«
same as though I were to ask you to await
me here a few minutes. : Of course you
would do it. If the opposition comes f rotn
Gifford other .Republicans in : the territory
have put him up to making it in the hope
that they could induce Pierce to make the
territorial appointments. Powerful influ
ence is now being brought to bear upon him
to persuade him to do so.
Gov. L. K. Church was at the Ryan yes
terday, en route from Bismarck to his home
at Huron. He refused to say anything
more than that the charges of intemper
ance, said to have been filed against him,
were totally untrue. He seemed to have no
doubt but that he would ultimately be con
firmed. . .-
Some of the Hollow mockeries Left
Behind by the Ice Carnival.
If Miss Maggie Mitchell- was to wear the
badges of all the carnival clubs that have
elected her to honorary membership, • she .
would need little else in the shape of cloth
ing to protect her from the severest blizzards
that blow down over St. Paul from Mani
toba and the northern counties of Dakota.
And if all the banquets and "floral
tributes" that have passed hands between
herself and the officers of the clubs were
gathered together, there would be enough
to fit up a green house. From a perusal of
the various notes to the effect that "Miss
Mitchell presented a beautiful bouquet to
the X. Y. Z. Toboggan club, which* wit
nessed her acting at the Grand last night."
it would seem that the favorite and the
carnival clubs had organized a mutual ad
miration society, and were working it for
all there was in sight. It is certainly a
good thing for the clubs, and Miss Mitchell
will have many pleasant memories of the
second St. Paul winter carnival, of which
she might almost be called a "prominent
The Ice King lost his crown last week.
It is generally supposed that it is concealed
nhnnt. thp r>f»r«rm nf ihu Viva TTino- n.lin
■ iwiii nil. IJEIOUIi \JL. 111G I'UC l\lim, WHO
stormed and took the palace on Thursday
night. This is a mistake. The crown was
lost while the king was taking a toboggan
ride at the Crocus hill slide. The Globe
artist happened to be present and saw him
Jose it. A liberal award will be paid to the
It is suggested by some relic hunting
crank that if the visitors from far oft states
cannot chip oft" pieces of the ice palace to
carry away as souvenirs, they can take
small chunks of the ice, melt it and put it
in neat little bottles to carry to distant
climes, with which to call up memories of
the second winter carnival and the glowing
ice palace, when summer suns are hot and
sultry zephyrs make life a burden during
Among other awkward features of the
(carnival have been the snow shoe races on
he grounds. It was impossible to ascer
tain who had charge of them, the carnival
Officers saying they did not know, until the
ti rst race took place under charge of Dr.
B nrdette. Two or three times these races
came off as announced in the official pro
gramme. On Friday of last week there
were impromptu races, none being an
nounced in the programme. Saturday the
programme contained, among other things,
some snow shoe races, beginning at 2
o'clock. At 3:30 several snow shoers were
on hand to enter the races, but none of the
gentlemen previously acting as judges were
to be seen. Therefore they concluded to
have the races anyway, which they did. a
member of the St. George's club volunteer
ing to act as starter. In half the races dur
ing the carnival no time has been taken,
ami in others it has been carelessly done, so
that the record is good for nothing. Such
management is detrimental to the success
ot amateur sports.
The Ice King sat op his icy throne
And thought of Helen Blisters.
His breath like steam In lie cold air shone,
And the wind blew through hid whiskers. - \
•_* ■^.:.c^r" 1 i
Not only residents of the ci,ty, but
the strangers coining to see the carnival,
have found it very difficult to ascertain
what would occur on any particular day.
The publication of an "'official*' programme
in each issue of the papers was taken to be
an announcement of what was to occur,
but people soon found that this was not the
case, as it was very difficult to ascertain
what would actually occur. People have
remarked that this was not the case last
year, but have not been aware of the rea
son for the difference. Last year the news
paper reporters regularly put in their time
between 12 and 2 o'clock each morning in
hunting up, waking up and interviewing
the. several managers and oilier officers of
the carnival to ascertain what would actu
ally take place on the next day, which was
announced. In this way when any feature
of the official programme had been aban
doned or postponed the fact became known.
This year the reporters were relieved of
this laborious and disagreeable job, and
waited for the management to make their
announcements. Consequently the an
nouncements were not made.
The Press Club.
□ Some very important business was trans
acted at the regular meeting of the St. Paul
Press club yesterday. Hitherto there
have been four classes of members, active,
associate, non-resident and honorary. By
an amendment to the constitution adopted
yesterday, the class of associate member
ship is- abolished. Former associate mem
bers will become active members. The
amendment adopted defines the eligibility
of active members as residents of Ramsey
county, and members of the newspaper
or kindred or allied professions, or those,
with similar tastes and associations who
may be approved of by election, provided
that the club shall not have more than
thirty members not connected with journal
ism. A. R. Fenwick, E. A. Henderson,
A. W. Dunn, and J. 11. Fouik were elected
to active membership. It is proposed to i
have a piano in the club rooms, and in- j
augurate a series of soeiel entertainuiHiitt. |
The vote of the" precincts of Little Can
ada, White Bear town and White Bear vil
lage were counted yesterday in the Quinn-
Markoe contest. In the first two precincts
the official count was found to be correct,
and in White Bear village Dr. Quinn lost
one vote and Dr. Markoe gained one. The
vote of McLean and Reserve towns will be
counted this afternoon, completing the re
count, and the case will go before the court
The re-count in the Giesen-Bell contest,
for the register of deeds office, will begin
this morning at 0 o'clock at the German-
American bank building.
The Columbia Snow Shoe club is ordered to
assemble this evening in the municipal court
room at 7:30 o'clock for important business.
Miss Isabel Clark, aged 34. a sister of Chief
Clark, died at her brother's residence, 438
Rice street, yesterday. The funeral.will take
place from the cathedral on Tuesday at 9 j
a. in. ' ■-■'■•'» -■■-■•.•
An interesting address on the theme of
"Why lam a Christian whs delivered by
Rev. George R. Dickinson at the Temperance
and Bethel rooms yesterday afternoon at the
3 o'clock service.
Kellas Bowe.n, the principal victim of the
stabbing affray in the "coon dive" on Eighth
street yesterday morning', is lying in a criti- j
cal condition, but his wounds are not so dan- j
gerous as at first supposed.
The Ideal Opera company, composed of
twenty-three people from the Madison Street
theater, Chicago, opens a week's engagement '
at the Seventh street museum to-day. The !
human window pane will also be exhibited.
At the last meeting of the Flambeau club \
Messrs. L. N. Scott, W. H. Brown,- John L. '
Buleigh andMme-Adele Camalba were elected i
honorary members. The club will meet at 7 !
o'clock this evening to attend the Grand
opera house by invitation. .
At their meeting- yesterday the Crusaders
tooK the initial step to establish a fund for
the benefit of the newsboys. The design is to i
have a fund that will provide" annual feasts '
for the boys, and also to help them 'in. any : «
other way which the : society may think '
proper, and as sextensively as the fund Will >
warrant. ' . - . "»-• -,
MYSTERY OF THE PIT.
How Oereals Are Bought and Sold on the
Floor of the Board of Trade in
The Gallery Gazer Oan't See How Men
Can do Business Amid the Great
But They Do it .just the Same as
Though HotUng in Particular
Illustrations of Some of the Stlring
Scenes Occurina Every Day on
Crowded every trip, up or down, are the
elevators in the big palace at the head of
LaSalle street, Chicago. Some of the pas
sengers are brokers, their clerks or cus
tomers, but many are sight-seers bent upon
beholding the great grain tiger in his lair
and determined to hear him roar when he is
hungriest. Thousands of people stand
everyday in. the gallery which overlooks
the floor of the board of trade, with its
seething mass of traders and clerks, its
sreat telegraph booth. . where more than a
hundred men manipulate the tongues of the
wires which speak to the world, and where
so many fortunes are lost and won. Some
queer people break into this gallery— tall
Englishmen from "Lunnon," ultra stylish
women in striped gowns and under enor
mous hats, and old rangers who quickly
tire of standing and seek rest by flinging a
leg or two over the railing. Of all the vis
itors to the gallery the granger with the
weary legs makes the most fun. Within
two seconds after his cowhide boots crawl
over the rail, the occupants of the gallery
begin to look at each other in astonish
ment, wondering if an. earthquake shock
has frightened, crowd on the floor below
into sudden lunacy, or if' some appalling
apparition ha^ floated down into the gallery
through the gilded fresco overhead; for
thousands of faces are at once upturned
toward them, thousands of mouths are
opened and a mighty chorus swells with
rhythmic reverberations out of thousands of
800-00-oo 000-00-00 000-00-00-0000 :
Each occupant of the gallery at once
takes a hasty inventory of himself to ascer
tain if he is the object of this derisive cho
rus. The smile which he forces upon his
face looks like a 'misfit, and as he catches
the eye of a baid-headed man on the floor a
tingle as of tire visits the poles of his two
cheeks. The granger alone enjoys it. lie,
innocent soul, thinks that ; the chorus is a
part of the game, and the funniest peforin
ance he ever witnessed. His lank sides
bake with laughter until the dried mud of
the prairies begins to. rattle off his brogana
anil there appears the danger that his par
soKysiu will precipitate him over the railing
lie sits astride. Not until a policeman
about seven feet tall comes around and taps
the granger on the shoulder does that
worthy surmise that he is the cause of the
outbreak' in the infernal regions below.
Then his face, turns the color of his own
pumpkins when they are ripe; and he yanks
li is long legs off that railing quicker than
he ever did anything before in his life. His
neighbors in the gallery heave a unanimous
sigtrwf relief, aud suddenly perceive where
the tun comes in. .-"lnstantly the chorus
ceases, the white cloud of upturned faces in
the pit.s below grows darker, and business
and gambling resume the even tenor of
their way. . -
"Well, 1 never!" exclaims the woman in
the striped and tight-fitting dress. "What
are those men doing down there? Buying
and selling wheat, you say? Well, 1 don't
see how they can do anything except go
crazy. The idea of doing business in that
Similar expressions may be heard every
other minute all the day up in the bis gal
lery. Nobody can understand how it is
that the business of buying and selling can
be carried on amid the din and confusion
of the wheat pit. where scores of men are
shouting at once and arms and hands are
flying about like shingles in a cyclone. But
everything, exeepthc being eood. is easy
when you know how. and these shouting
and gesticulating individuals down there on
the floor know how to buy and sell wheat.
They appear to be excited, but they are
not. They never were more calm in their
lives. Howling with their lumrs and throats
and throwing their bodies and limbs about
is quiet, routine, every -day business with
these traders in the pit.
The common gallery notion concerning
business in the wheat-pit is that the oper-
ators are in there buying
or selling right and left,
eagerly watching the mar
ket and the signs of move
ments to bull or bear
prices, and trembling with
excitement and growing
gray under their responsi
bilities. The facts are
that as a general thing pit
traders are little more than
clerks, executing the or
ders of their superiors:
and except in rare instances
the trades are made for
customers who know just !
what they want. Grain speculators every
where, in Chicago or out, watch the tickers
or blackboards closely, and order their hold
ings sold or increased, according to the tone
of the market and their judgment or notions
concerning it. Not much speculation is
done nowadays in the old style of putting a
lot of money in a broker's hands and trust
ing to his skill. The close watch every
investor keeps on the market,
and the frequent communication
he desires to be in with his broker, explains
why it is that one-fourth of all the tele
graphic business in Chicago originates in or
concerns grain and
Telegrams and tele
and messengers are^
everywhere, and the^
board of trade mes^
sender differs from his commercial contem
porary in that he is a hustler all the time.
Promptness L> everything in the speculative
telegraph business. Golden opportunities
quickly take wings and fly away, and if a
man's messages are not handled right up to
the second he raises a row. Five minutes
for a message between the floor of the
board of trade and a broker's office in Wall
street is a matter of hourly occurence.
"Excuse me a moment," said a polite '
tr jker to the Herald's inquiter on the floor
of the exchange the other day, "but I have
here a message from a customer ordering
me to sell him fifty at 78." and the broker,
glancing at a big dial on the front of the
gallery, darted into the wheat pit. He held
up his hand and shouted: "I'll sell fifty at
And before he could catch his breath again
a score of hands
shot out toward
his face, and a
score of throats
One of these
score caught the
eye, the two ex
changed nods of
and then each scribbled on his tab. Thus a
trade of 50,000 bushels was made, and the
market had sagged from 7S.V to 7S even.
This trade was no^sooner completed than
the quotation clerk, who occupies the little |
box at the edge of the pit, had moved the |
finger on the big dial, and at the same in
stant the new price of October wheat went
coursing over hundreds of wires to make
itself known upon thousands of tickers in
all parts of the world.
As for the polite broker and his fellow
trader, the seller jotted down the transaction
upon his selling tab. or the red side, while
the put chaser made note upon his bought
tab, printed in blue. Each afterward re
ported his trades to the clerks in his office,
settling checks were made out and sent to
the clearing house, and the bookkeeper of
each firm was thus notified of the existence
of the contract. A wink of the eye or a nod
of the head makes a contract in the wheat
pit. and thousands of dollars may be in
volved, but all such contracts must stand,
and all losses arising therefrom must be
paid without a murmur.
What to the observer in the gallery is
"the mystery of the wheat pit'' — that is.
how business can be carried on amid such
contusion— is in reality no mystery at all.
If traders cannot hear each
others' voices they can still
watch each other's eyes,
and misunderstandings are
rare indeed. In the wheat
pit there is often a good
deal of smoke from a very
little tire, and every man
who makes a noise is not
buying or selling stuff, out
when one trader, having
made an offer, hears an
other respond "sold," and sees him nod and
make memorandum on his .tab,, he, too,
makes record of the transaction with no
fear that the bargain will ever be repudia
ted. Considering the large number of
transactions made each day in the pits and
the fractions and figures involved, it is sur
prising that mistakes and misunderstand
ings occur as infrequently as they do. In
times of rapid breaks in the market the
wheat pit becomes a pandemonium, and
there may be a cent or even 2 cents differ
ence between the market at one edge of the
pit and the simultaneous prices at the other
edge, yet even amid these whirlwinds the
traders rarely misunderstand each other or
make mistakes in their lecords of transac
Nowadays trades in the wheat pit are
mostly in small lots. A hundred thousand
bushels at a plump attracts attention, and a
half million makes no end of gossip. There
is not as much high rolling as there was in
the good old times in the chamber of com
merce. The biggest "trade" ever made in
Chicago was 2,000,000 bushels at one
Bartley Campbell's spectacular drama.
"Clio." will be the performance at the
Grand to-night. The following is the cast
of characters: Fabian, an artist, John L.
Burleigh: Lucia. Miss Sybil Johnstone:
Ditli, -Miss Bennett, Countess Ellis, Pauline
(rat/.: Duchess de Montmarte, Mary Berrill:
Paulo, .1. 11. llowland: Count deGiovanne.
.John Marshall; Pietro, W. 11. McCready;
Marquis Motto, Odell Williams; King of
France. E. H. Stokdard; Prince Zillali, Ed
ward Page; Doge of Venice, J. A. Mc-
CullQUgh: Saneho, Sam Stephens; Alsace.
David Taibot: Premier Danseuse, Adele
Coiinolba, with fifty people in the ballet.
The Flambeau club will attend the per
oW. H. Gault, of Farao. i« at the Rvan. i
A. G. Williams, of Clinton,- Dak., is id the
city. ;"ifj eu«V4* UTr I
A. M. O'Connor, of St. Tho mas. Dak., is at
G. S. Feruold mid J. Cohen, of Brainerd, are
registered at the Merchants.
Hon. P. H. Kolly entertained Gov. Church,
of Dakota, at dinner last evening. The gov
ernor leaves to-day for his home at Huron.
The committee appointed by the Columbia
Snow Shoe club to arrange tor their nip to
Montreal, Canada, to participate in the
opening of the ice carnival festivities have
decided to take the Koyal Route, Chicago,
St. Paul. Minneapolis & Omaha and Chi
cago & Northwestern railways to Chicago.
find Chicago & Grand Trunk and Grand
Trunk railways to Montreal. All mem
ber* of the Columbia Snow Shoe club and
members of other carnival clubs who wish
to accompany them on their trip are earn
estly requested to report at once to me to
obtain particulars concerning the trip.
Remember this is a splendid chance to visit
Montreal at a very low rate. E. S. Chit
tenden, chairman of committee, room 6,
First National bank.
Fine Box Trade a Special
Adam Fetsch. Third and Jackson, makes
l specialty in fine Ha vena cigars.
"The Popular Koute
To the Hot Springs of Arkansas and all win
ter resorts is 'The Burlington,' the shortest,
quickest and best between the Twin Cities
md the South, and the only line running
[lining cars all the way. Bound trip tickets
san be obtained at the company's city
ofiice^ Hotel ; Ryan, St. Paul. 5 Nicollet
house, Minneapolis, and union depot."'
\mH\mimm ft IftfTai ifwfrfi Hi iml^mf^riywm^wTviinimTnmSOP mm ftiMflw
SPRING STYLE L
183 EAST THIRD STREET,
Four doors above Merchants Hotel,
ST. PAUL, MINN.
Sole Agents for the Dunlap Hat.
». -'« ,- - - * •''
rjSKitt^mSir Tie Peerless Extension Tabh.
V§s '^JB Matin ocir of »cluct«l J kiiu-d.-i»d A»h. Ooit,
B^l^^Pll Birch or Vxlaat. ■ Pateaud slide. . Ktmovallt
I IPT^ EB hegf. The LaodsouiL-it aud 3tron»,t taLle iv
111 r II the suikcu Send t« descriptive circular to ■
1 " • The St. Arthory Furniture Co.,
it. A#Tuurt Park. ; Ramsey Co. Minnesota.
our32d Semi-Annual Red Figure Sale
Crowds our store with shrewd buyers, all eager to take advantage
! of this grand opportunity of purchasing fine Tailor-made Clothing,
at about the actual cost to manufacture. "We advise every Man
i and Boy in this Northwest to attend this . great sale AT THE
I EARLIEST POSSIBLE OPPORTUNITY, as such Clothing,
bought at such prices, is a most profitable investment, whether it
is bought for immediate wear or bought to lay away for future use.
"We have had these Semi-Annual Red Figure Sales twice each
year for the past sixteen years, but never before have we made
such TERRIFIC CUTS in prices as we are now making at this
great 32d Annual Red Figure Sale. ..
"We are fully determined to reduce our "Winter stock, and to do it
more quickly are not only giving away ALL OUR PROFIT, but
are actually selling our goods for MUCH LE3S THAN ACTUAL
Hats and Underwear share in the reduction.
Boston One-Price Clothing House,
Corner Third and .Robert Streets, St. Paul.
JOSEPH McKEY & CO.
Close at 6:30 every evening, except Saturday.
Business since the Great Reduction in the prices of Medicines at
Edward H. Biggs,
114 EAST THIRD STREET, ST, PAUL, MINN. !
Former Present [ Former Present
Price. Price Price. Price
■ Gilmore's Aromatic Wine.... SI. 00 .80 Horsford's Acid Phosphates .. .50 .35
Warner's Safe and Kidney Cure 1.25 §1.00 Hood's Sarsaparilla 51.00 .70
Kennedy's Discovery 1.50 1.15 Allcock's Porous Plasters 35 .13
King's Discovery 1.00 .75 Sozodont 75 .50
ALL GOODS AT EQUALLY LOW PRICES.
Largest Stock in the State.
Has There Been a Time When a
PIANO OR AN ORGAN
Could be Purchased at such LOW PRICES and on such EASY
TERMS as at the PRESENT.
YOUR CHOKE FROM _ _ _ -«- ™» aswKWUfe
STEINVVAY, WEBER, 111 I WWI O
BEHR BROS, AND Hlf'S iPi P| I
Call, Or Write for lull particulars. %£j JpltfS > ■ IL' *P^f!
148 and 150 East Third Street, St. Paul. I » gsgfe su#^i 1
509 and 511 Hicollet Aye., Minneapolis. I . ■ '1
98 East Third Street, - - - St. Paul.
I % v Ask for ScMiel-s Custom-Male $3.50 Shoe
pr>^ H>V FOR GENTLEMEN.
I||^^ AGENCY FOR BURT'S FINE SHOES.
i lliy" 3 **^^^ IMPORTED CANADIAN MOCCASINS
1 __ - ■
# rL^JL % 1 The Ice Palace Refrigerator
B^T^fcl < *^ > Manufactureda Paul Box Fae
<^ hmmi^^Bm. %£ toryund Planing: Mil], also Fisher's
«S?" I i^L lri " (>roeery and Butcher Boxes and Cold
I mSSSSmSI-S Storage Houses, Counter, Store, Office
Bqfeai^gMjM-a F^T and Drug Fixtures, Custom Planing,
fiU£ iF^lf^sl^f^ Moulding, Turning, Scroll and Re-
InflflEiKwlßOTßg^idL. "! IW ! DE) Wainsiottlng, Caslnas and
H^'gjPl OjJ-lfflK^t-- Jli Uardwwoti ilO ° rlQii . Kailr ° uU tracli
rS^S32a»3^fl BLODGETT & OSGOOD,
I FraHaßflwawisFmti * I Cor. 32. Fourth and Locust '
CORLIES, CHAPMAN & DRAKE, incorporated
J^^^^ss^sas3'ssEß^fl| OfFiriP Dpqltq and Wood MantplQ
B^HBBanl: anils Fixtures,
S||^M^3 IH HARD WOOD FINISH AND INTERIOR
l^iH^^TSj WM SASHj DOORS AND bund s.
L^__ljti& i *^ Central Factory Sevea Coraeiy, - St. Paa
SOLE AGENTS FOfT
lines Bros , Briggs ami McCafflmoaPianos
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGANS. Prices Low. Term's Easy.
E. A. BKOWN, jewelryT
111 East Third Street, St. Paul.
BTnirf pi • . . • 0 -U DIAMONDS, WATCHES AND SILVERWARE
Expert Repairing a. Specialty. \
GEORGE W. HAVES,
No. 185 East Fourth Street, Wilder Block
St. Paul, Minn. .. ,
.: . notice.
TO. TVickernkelni & Co.,
Dealers in fruit?, vegetables, confectionery
and cigars, wholesale and retail, who were
located at 288 East Seventh street for sixteen
years, having sold their interest, there, have
opened their fine new brick store, 479 East
Seventh street, corner .Neill street, with the
finest line of fruits, vegetables, etc., etc -;
The excellence of their stock is well known.
PatentLaw-Jas. F. Williamson,
Room 15, Collom Block, Minneapolis. Solid
tor of patents, counsellor in patent ease 3
lwo * ears an Examiner in U. S. Pa
tent Office. ■
T\V A fXII?O C : Its causes and a new and suc
||ljnrillj|JlJ cess£l »l CURIC at your own
1/ home, by one who was deal
twenty-eight years. Treated by most of the
noted specialists without benefit. Cured himself
in three months, and since then hundreds of
oth era. Full particulars sent on application.
T a. PAGE, No. 41 West SlstSt., New i'ork City.
__^_^____ ' - ■■ eod&wtimo . ■
GEARS MADE OR CUT TO ORDER.
FRANKLIN MACHINE WORKS.
386 Robert Street, St.- Paul.