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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, November 03, 1887, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1887-11-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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The GLOBE would like to tell you,
The GLOBE would like to tell yon,
In a pleasant sort of way, ,
That it has some space to sell yon
In its columns every day.
We believe in letting yon know it,
In the calm, clear light of day.
If yon have something to Wow—blow it;
That's the only sensible way.
The Last Glimmer of Hope
for the Chicago Anarch-
ists Gone.
The Supreme Court Unani
mously Refuses to Grant
a Writ of Error.
No Flinching Shown By the
Doomed Men on Hear-
ing" the News.
They Receive Their Friends
and Relatives With Accus
tomed Cheerfulness.
Extra Precautions Taken by
the Authorities to Prevent
Small Probability that Gov.
Oglesby Will Take
Any Action.
The Globe's Special Corre
spondent Gives a Very
Graphic Account
Of the Present Situation and
the Personnel of Those
Doomed to Death.
Special to the Globe.
Special to the Globe. ■
Chicago, 111., Nov. 2.— "1 have noth-
ing to say," was all that the anarchist
Spies remarked when, at high noon of
this magnificent June in November day,
word was conveyed to him on a dirty
piece of paper that the supreme court of
the United States had denied the peti
tion for interference in behalf of him-
self and his fellows. Precisely how
Spies, Parsons or either of their associ
ates would conduct himself were he
alone under sentence of death is a very
interesting problem. Soldiers know
that it is harder for a man to run away
than to fight in battle, yet individuals
who are brought to face death, disease
or physical suffering alone know that it
requires a greater degree of mental and
moral strength to face the inevitable
than when together banded they meet
an oncoming shock.
Having studied the countenances, ex-
pression and general bearing of the men
under sentence during their trial, I have
Clinched the Conclusion
1 then formed by present study that
the women of the party possess a
greater degree of moral courage than
the men. No one of the condemned
has at any time in his life shown a de-
gree ot mental, moral or physical
courage. Surely it required no courage
to make, in secret, the destructive
bomb, and it will not be pretended it
required any degree of any kind of
courage to throw in secret a bomb
among a crowd of men. women and
children, several of whom "were killed
and m any maimed aud mangled to the
present day. In accordance with the
good old American custom these men
have been lionized from the day of their
arraignment. Flowers, sweetmeats,
notes, poems all manner of
Tributes From the Silly
have been laid at their feet. I shall
never forget the spectacle presented by
a beautiful maiden who passed during a
recess in Judge Gary's court bouquets
of flowers to this, that and the other
men charged with the heinous crime of
murder. The calm conceit, the lf-
sufficiency, the exaggerated estimate
of each personally made each its im
pression upon me and doubtless upon
every careful observer in that court
"Doom. Every man, according to his
mental traits, sat there as though in a
continuity of photographing process.
Each felt that the eyes of the civilized
world were upon him. Each read daily
descriptions of his personality, and
long before the long rocking-chair jury
presented to the judge, who sat like a
masculine oasis in a perfect wilderness
of femininity, their verdict and their
sentence these men were absolutely
and incontrovertibly convinced that
they were each and every one a well de-
veloped hero. From that hour to this
morning, when
The Brazen Tongue
of clamorous time rang out the noon-
day hour, that feeling was encouraged,
enhanced ami multitudiuously empha-
sized, so that a clean cut photograph of
their interior would unquestionably dis-
close a mass, not to say a mess, of self-
conceit and self-sufficiency unequaled in
the personalities of any other seven or
seventy times seven men on the face of
the glebe. Clang, clang, went the gong
at the gate. Breathless with speed a
messenger enters. To him it seemed as
though chaos had come again and that
nothing could begin to approach the
hither verge of the importance of the
message he conveyed. The attendant
at the iron gate absolutely trembled
with agitation. The sub-jailers and
deputy sheriffs gathered about with
blanched cheeks and wavering eyes,
each pricking up his ears to catch the
all-important phrase.
The warden of the jail or criminal
court building, as it is here designated,
sat in his easy chair smoking his pipe
gf clay, when shuffling steps beyond the
door suggested an unusual commotion.
The door was flung open and banged
■gainst the wainscot with unaccustomed
noise, and he, starting to his feet, met
the messenger half way with the
anxious query, "Well?" But all he
heard ere he sank back in his chair ex-
hausted, were the words, feebly spoken:
Petition Denied.
"Thank God," said the veteran, for
to him it meant much. As to the cap-
tain of the police it meant much. As to
the widows and orphans of the slaught
ered officers it meant much. But then
the official paused and the man coming
to himself said: "This must be told."
Slowly he wrote a message to Spies
briefly announcing the news, and then
entered the corridor in which are the
cells in which the condemned sit and
write and sneer" and argue. Always
self important, never particularly in-
teresting, full of mighty plans to be pro-
jected in space without the customary
aids and abetments of brains and capi
tal or industry, Spies sat alone. The
approach of his jailer interrupted his
mighty thought and with a frown upon
his pallid face— he has grown thin-,
jawed by his long confinement he
asked querulously "Well?" Not obse
quiously, but
With Manly Sympathy
"With Manly Sympathy
the jailer passed between the bars the
crumpled paper in which was written
what would seem to a condemned man
an all important communication. Spies
took it quickly, read .it hurriedly and
then simply lifting his eyes for a mo-
ment as he folded the paper and laid it
on a stool beside him remarked, "I
have nothing to say," and, resuming his
work, indicated his desire to be left
alone. The jailer's starting was called
to a halt by Spies, who said: "You
might tell the others if you please."
The news was received by the others
The American public has been fed
ad nauseam with sensational stuff about
these men. They have been pictured
as lofty browed, keen-eyed men, of
gentle mould. They have been sent
forth on silvery phrases as gentlemen
of leisure, who have kindly come from
foreign shores to teach the hardy sons
of the Western wilds to live and move
and enjoy _ their being. If one might
believe the current literature of the
times, they are
Above the Ordinary Level
of intelligence, men devoted to the
furtherance of an idea, men whose sym
pathies encircled the globe, and whose
humanitarianism is wide-horizoned. As
a matter of fact they are very common-
place people. They are not men, with
one exception, who have earned their
bread by the sweat of their brows.
They are known throughout the length
and breadth of this magnificent state,
and especially in the upheaved streets
of this imperial city, as professional
agitators, as professional workingmen
who professed much more than they
glib-tongued, as all their set
are, narrow-minded, bitter, prejudiced,
full of petty intrigue, which finally
culminated in this infernal illustra
tion of the possibilities of socialism,
when pushed to the last degree of an-
archy. It must be said in reference to
Parsons, who is
The One American
among them, and Spies, that while they
were professed workingmen, they did
some intellectual labor in the conduct of
labor papers,but they never attained the
plane of dignity or of pure intellectual-
ity in which Schwab stood and stands
by reason of his nervous organization
and the nicety of his brainy apprecia
tion of situations. They were not in
any true sense of the term intellectual
leaders. They never could be. Schwab
might be an intellectual leader in the
realm of alleged prophecy, in the realm
of Utopia.
It would interest, lam sure, the peo
ple of the world if they could scalp the
citizenship of this great state and note
the absolute feeling with which these
men are regarded. You see it is some
time since the crime. It is nearly two
years. A long time, in which, as Kip
Van Winkle would remark, being gone.
We Are Easily Forgotten.
The names of the policemen who were
killed, the names of the men, women
and children who were maimed and in-
jured, are forgotten and have been
swept away by the stream of time and
covered by the multitudinosities of hap-
pening and of incident since then. All
that remains is this spectacle of seven
men facing the inevitable gallows. Is
there any regret? Oh, indeed, much ;
but not in their breasts. There is yet
to be formulated a sentence of sorrow
for the deed so far as they are con-
cerned. There is yet to be printed one
solitary phrase indicating regret that
the murder occurred when and as it
did. The people of the state, people of
the city, the associates of the police, the
families of the maimed and wounded
yes, in their breasts is much regret, but
the men who caused the trouble have,
as I say, yet to phrase the first sentence
indicating sorrow, much less repent-
What, then is the feeling? The feel-
ing is a universal sorrow for the men,
individual sympathy for tb#m as per-
sons because
It Is Not Believed
that either one of them literally threw
the bomb, literally killed them, literally
maimed the many women and children.
but a good square solid desire that the
world in general and of this country in
particular may see that Illinois deals
with criminals of all descriptions and
particularly with this class of danger
ous criminals by legal methods on all
fours with justice and not until every
possible,. feasible, approachable, techni
cal, if you will, objectiou has been met
and satisfied. -■-:£_ l'- -.i r_?f-
The governor in Springfield to-day
finds satisfaction in the expression of ,
the supreme court in Washington.
Like Moses of old * his hands are J
strengthened by this new factor in the j
affair, and between ourselves, he needs
Gov. Oglesby is an old man, an old
time politician, a statesman of the
popular order. In his youth he was
a fiery orator, but always on the
winning side. In the war he was
A Gallant Soldier.
On his return to the people of his
On his return to the people of his
state he received the highest honor in
their power to confer. He is the kind
of man, more or less bald-headed, with
silver-bowed spectacles and clean shaven
face, who dresses in summer in nan-
keen coat, vest and trousers, and sits in
the calm seclusion of his official palace
as accessible to Tom, Dick and Harry as
to Thomas, Richard and Henry. No
divinity hedges about that particular
king. His presence is as accessible to
the humblest as to the highest. He has
a keen sense of duty and also a lively
appreciation of the popular side of a
question. But he is an old man. He
has no political future. His popular
race is nearly ended, and when the
term of his present office shall expire,
with his wife he will retire to their farm
to spend in calm contemplation of the
The Serene Enjoyment
of the present, and a roseate hopefulness
for the future the remainder of his
earthly days. That he desires the last
significant act of his official
life to be the signing of seven
death warrants who can believe?
That as the last significant act of his
official life it would please him to have
an act of mercy, who can doubt? As
was well said by a near and intimate
friend of the governor to-day: "From
this hour all effort concerning the anar
chists and their fate will be made on
one side, namely, in their behalf, and it
would be indelicate were any effort to
be made on the other hand." Unfortu
nately for the governor in this respect
Parsons, the brainy American, Lingg,
the cheeky German, Engle and Fischer
join in demanding lil>erty or the execu
tion of their sentence. They not only
refuse to beg for mercy but they laugh
away with magnificent contempt the
bare suggestion that somebody has
asked a commutation of their sentence.
They mock the interested interference
of clergymen with sneers, and they ha,
ha, down the avenues of Chicago the
well meant proposition that they sign a
formal petition for a commutation.
Louis Lingg, with an impertinence born
of his breeding, ventures to thrust a
sneer at the governor, whom he terms
the mere tool of the monopolists.
Registered His Letter
in order that his impertinence may find
certain delivery into the governor's
hands. He, too, demanded liberty . or
death, and his demand will be ac-
ceded to. Lingg is a young man who
came from Germany but a short time
previous to the Haymarket riot. He is
unable to speak the language of the
country, and, of course, is not a citizen.
Within a few months of his arrival in
Chicago, being somewhat of an expert
from practice among European dyna-
miters, he began to manufacture bombs
here and to teach his fellow anarchists
how to use them •to promote a social
revolution, which he advocated as neces
sary. A comparison of the fragments
of the bomb that was thrown at the
Haymarket with bombs found at
Lingg's quarters furnished conclusive
proof that he made the one with which
the murders were committed.; In his
letter to the governor he says that
His Only Crime
was in -'calling on the oppressed masses"
"to oppose the force of their oppressors
with force." The law officers and the
police are the "oppressors" designated
by Lingg, and he made a bomb which
he instructed another man how to
throw at them with murderous effect.
That is how he called on the oppressed
to "oppose force with force." What
tender-hearted sophist will argue that
this confessed crime was a mere "po
litical offense," for which the offended
should not be punished with death?
George Engel, to whom no mercy of any
! sort or kind lias been presented, offered
or suggested ventures in his letter to
the governor not only an enhancement
of the impertinence found in Lingg's,
but protests in advance against a com-
mutation of sentence and gives his
ground for such protest; while Fischer
in his screed against the barbarism of
the seventeenth century, and his thesis
concerning the cloud upon the social
firmament, ventures to lecture the gov
ernor on his
Lack of Appreciation
of the evils that are rampant in the pres
ent institution of society which allows
one portion of the human race to build
fortunes upon the misfortunes of oth
ers; to enslave their fellow men. A
singular coincidence is noticed by men
with memories between Carter Harri-
son's expressions in the interview I had
with him a year or so ago and the letter
of Fischer. Said Carter Harrison, on
that occasion: "The blood of the mar-
tyrs was the seed of the church, and the
blood of these men means ruin and dis-
aster and wide spread trouble and dis-
satisfaction among the laboring classes."
While Fischer says: "Society may
hang a number of disciples of progress
who have disinterestedly served the
cause of the sons of toil, which is the
cause of humanity, but their blood will
work miracles in bringing about the
downfall of modern society, and in
hastening the birth of a new era of civ-
The governor is seriously perturbed
in his mind by these men, for, between
ourselves, 1 really think it would
Gratify the Governor,
and not particularly displease the great
majority of thoughtful citizens, if con-
fessing their guilt and humbly petition-
ing for a recognition of all the facts in
the case, certain members of this unholy
and unhappy gang were to supplicate
and implore, in befitting terms, the
mercy of the state, and the governor
grant a commutation of their sentence.
But they won't do it. They stand upon
what they call their rights, and they
spell it with a capital R, and those of
them who might reasonably expect
mercy are just as pigheaded and just
as self-satisfied and just as conceited
and just as stubborn as those for whom
mercy would be simply "suicide on the
part of the state. ; Now arises a most in-
teresting question : Shall the governor,
who stands in the light of a parent, treat
These Lesser Guilty Men
as in his best judgment they deserve to
be treated, or perhaps it would be bet-
tor to say, as in his best judgment they
mighty without harm to the state be
treated, as a father would a naughty
child, or shall he stand upon that point
of dignity, that point of etiquette, which
says : "I cannot grant an unasked peti-
tition." Now, you readily see that that
is a very good point, and to a man of
Oglesby's tender heart, v embarrassed
somewhat by his level head, it is a point
which rankles, and nettles, and stirs,
and disturbs him nine ; hours in every :
ten wakeful hou?s. The press of Chi
cago, which means, of course, the press
of the state, is united in the demand
that the execution of the sentence shall
proceed. The unanimity with which
the editors of these often pugnacious,
belligerent, and hand to hand fighting
journals stand shoulder to" shoulder in
the expression of
A Common Opinion
that state mercy would be state suicide,
and that state weakness, hesitancy,
timidity on this occasion would be state
cowardice, is delightful to witness; and
that the judge who tried the cause
should be cheered and complimented
along his not particularly pleasant path"
just now by the confirmation of his
state appellate court, and by the virtual
indorsement oi the supreme court of the
United States, goes without saying.
That the attorney general of the state,
and more. especially the gallant soldier
of the people, State's Attorney Grinnell,
should feel as though a cubit had been
added to his stature, the country may
well believe. History, or at all events,
local annals, will preserve for all time
tho record of that man's courage,fidelity
to what he believed right, inexhaustible
resource, and utter insensibility to dan-
ger. Already the seal of commendation
has been set upon his record by his fel-
low citizens, who, without regard for
party, have unanimously said to him,
sitting at a comparatively low place at
the table, "Come up higher," and those
who were associated with him are also in
the line of immediate preferment. But,
so far as Chicago is concerned, it is now
approaching step by step the supreme
hour which will test to the very utmost
limit its courage, its firmness, its loyalty
to itself. Fortunate is it that in its
chief magistrate it has not only a popu
lar politician, but a man grounded in
the principles of self-respect, which
make him loyal and faithful to his pub-
lie trust. '■'-<■',
Mayor Roche,
Aided and abetted by Sheriff Matson,
Chief of Police Ebersol and their vari
ous subordinates, is obviously the man
for the emergency. In every essential
he and the city are prepared, and, al-
though by fortuitous coincidence, sun-
dry troops of the United States are gath
ering here, there is no belief that any
tumultuous danger will make their em-
ployment necessary on the day of cxc-
cution. ;s?3___3@_~3S
With the announcement of the decis-
ion of the supreme court of the United
States came upon the minds of the lo<-a!
authorities the necessity for immediate
preparation. Initial steps were taken
to-day. It has been decided that all
, traffic on the day of the execution within
one block of the criminal court building'
will be rigidly prohibited. Cordons of
police, aided by the local militia, will
form solid columns along the intersect-
ing streets, and to all except actual resi-
dents in that locality passage through
the lines will be impossible during that
day. -,;•-.■'
The Execution
will unquestionably take place at an
early hour in the morning, and beyond
the general idea that the men, howso-
ever many there may be, whether seven„
or six, or five, will be divided into two
batches, nothing in detail has yet been
Four applications have been received'
from New York city by men desiring
the cheerful office of hangman, but that
eminence, it is understood, will be
vouchsafed to a citizen of Chicago, who,
it is hoped, will practice somewhat upon
inanimate subjects prior to the time
when lie must try his ambitious hand
upon the throats of so many of his fel-
low beings, and that all things may be
conducted decently and in order is the
firm prayer of every citizen of this im
perial state. That bunglings and mang-
ling* and infelicitous blundering- may
be avoided must be the desire of every
citizen of all states, for that this point
will be the point toward which the eyes
of Christendom will from thence on be
turned, is as certain as that on this clear
November day the sun of a forgotten
June is shining with healing in its
beams. Jo Howabd, Jr.
AT THE JAIL. '■;■? ■}■*.>
How the News Was Received by
the Doomed Men. -
Chicago, Nov. 2.— A feeling of in-)
tense nervousness, or mental excite
ment, all the more evident from the
determined effort to suppress it on the
part of those who were influenced by it,.
pervaded that portion of the county jailt
which is occupied by the condemned-'
anarchists this morning, and it, was
with an evident feeling of suspense*
that the condemned paced the corridor
when they took their morning exercise.!
This feeling was no doubt owing to the* .
expectancy of a decision from ■'■' the
United States supreme court in their
case and the suspense in which they
were until they received it. Despite
the disquiet of their minds they all did:
their best to preserve their outward de-
meanor. Lingg and Fischer looked as:
defiant as ever, and Spies loses none of?
his cynical expression as the fatal day
approaches. Parsons does his best to
reserve his jollity, but this morning :
is attempts at gayety were sorry ones,.
and it was evident from his every act
and general manner that he, too. telt :
the <y- .'\
Gravity of the Situation, • \
and that his spirits suffered as deeply as :
any of the others from the importance
of the message which in a few short.
hours he expected to receive, fixing his
fate, so far as the courts of the land cart
do it. Fielden's contemplativeness was
given full swing, and nobody who
watched him could doubt for a moment*.
that the one subject he was ' pondering?
in his mind was what the de
cision of the highest court in the :
land would be. The habitual' deep set '
pallor of Schwab's countenance was '.
more marked than ever before; and .
those who watched him' minutely won
dered in their own minds if the execu- ;
tioner would anticipate by any very {\
long period the ordinary laws of nature *.'
in consigning him to the tomb. Engel}
has the most stolid countenance' In the
lot, but even" his apparently sluggMh*
nature was considerably ruffled to-day
and it was evident that mentally, he was :
as deeply interested as any of the others-
:in what the purport of the expected
message would be.
The first news of the decision ;of the
supreme court was taken to the county
jail by a reporter a few minutes after it
; had been received from Washington.
' Jailer Folz - was seated in his office,
tipped back in his chair, and about to
light his cigar. When the reporter told
him the news he deliberately struck a
match, lit his cigar and said: "Well, it
is just what we expected." * There were
No Visitors
No Visitors
at the jail to-day. and all the prisoners
were in their cells when the news ar-
rived. A note was sent up to Spies,
telling him that the writ had been de-
nied, and asking if he had any state-
ment to make in regard to the matter.
Spies was sitting in his cell busily en-
gaged with some manuscript. He read
the note and returned it with a short "I
have nothing to say." None of the other
men would say anything either. Within
fifteen minutes after the verdict was
known, eight or ten officers in citizens'
clothing appeared. Two of them stepped
quietly into the jail and the others dis-
posed of themselves in the criminal
court building and about the neighbor-
hood. The bailiff at the outer door
leading into the jail-court says he is in-
structed to admit no one, but whether
this applies to the near relatives of the
death-sentenced men is not known. The
streets about the jail are perfectly quiet.
No crowds have gathered and no mci
dents of any sort have as yet occurred.
The police are prepared for any emer
gency, though they say they have no
fear of an uprising or open violence.
Without any previous intimation a
rule ■--.:;
Rigidly Debarring Visitors
from the jail was quickly put in force,
and no one was allowed to enter the
building during the afternoon except
officers, reporters and relatives of the
anarchists. As soon as the news from
Washington had generally circulated
through the city, there was a rush of
miscellaneous people to see the con-
demned men before it was too late.
They entered the sheriff's office in
droves, but the latchstring had been
withdrawn. Loud and long were the
expostulations, but the burly deputy
who guarded the way to the* jail-yard
was obdurate as the prison walls.
Friends of the doomed men, bearing
delicacies for them, begged admittance.
The dainties were passed in, but only.
relatives gained admittance. Sheriff
Matson said :
I don't -want to make any fnss about it, but
the visits of other anarchists have got to be
stopped. Henceforth the doomed men will
not be allowed to have any more recreation
hours. Personally I would like to grant them
all the favors I could, but I don't think it
would be wise to do so. It may seem foolish.
and perhaps is foolish, but I don't want
these men to cheat the gallows by kill-
ing themselves. Their friends might give
them daggers or poison, and although I know
that if they want to kill themselves we would
be powerless to prevent it, still I shouldn't
like to have it said that if I had attend to my
duty the suicides might have been . pre-
The First to Arrive
,was Mrs. Engel. There was a sort ot
scared expression on her poor, worn
face, and she moved about in a nervous
manner, as though she could scarcely
realize that the last slender thread of
hope had broken. She brought a basket
of toothsome edibles for her husband,
and Jailer Folz took a chair from the
office and carried it out to the cage and
placed it for her near the bars. Lingg's
•aunt and young lady cousin
and one -of his w fair admirers
came '■ next. They ' were all
downcast, with traces of tears on their
cheeks, but they had not been talking
to the reckless bomb maker five minutes
before they were all laughing, and their
mirth sounded strangely incongruous
with the feelings of most of those pres
ent. Frank Bielefeldt, of the Arbeiter
Zeitung, accompanied by a reporter for
the same paper, came next. Shortly aft-
erward Spies' two brothers, Chris and
Ferdinand, were admitted, and they
• were followed by their mother, who
seemed to feel her sorrow deeply. - Mrs.
Parsons and her two little children
'.came, and with them a lady who is in-
terested in the work of the Amnesty as-
sociation. Every one of the prisoners
had the semblance, at least, of positive-
ly cheerful spirits. Mr. Bielfeldt, after
leaving the jail, said:
It Is useless to ask these men to sign the
petition to the governor for their lives. I
have just been talking to them, and they
laugh at the idea.
A Significant Incident
of the day had its scene at police head-
quarters. The moment word of the de-
cision was received all the. detectives in
the building disappeared with surpris-
ing suddenness. As to what districts or
places they were assigned their supe
riors were non-committal when asked.
lt is known, however, that for some
days the men have had sealed instruc
tions to act as soon as the decision was
received. "We will not be caught nap-
ping." was all the officials would say.
Besides the regular force the detective
department has been largely reinforced
from the outlying stations. Just what
precautions will be or have been taken
to prevent any outbreak the officials de-
cline to say. It is known that prepara
tions are going on for the exocution.
The ropes have been ordered from an
Eastern firm for some time, and will be
thoroughly tested before being sent on
here. An additional scaffold will have
to be built, and preparations were
being made for .this to-day. At pres
ent there are two of these dark instru
ments of death lying in the basement of
the criminal court building, but tney
will not accommodate over five victims.
The new one will be made very much
like the one on which the three Italian
murderers were hanged some time ago,
but will, it is stated, contain some slight
improvements as to traps. Already the
morbidly curious of Chicago as well as
outside points have been sending In re-
quests for tickets to get in the jail on
.11th inst. Letters by the score are ar-
riving daily from the provincial journal-
ists who desire to secure a ticket so they
can have a representative on hand.
They will all be doomed to disappoint-
ment. If the hanging takes place on
the 11th inst., there will be only a few
persons present. The sheriff will ad-
here strictly to the law laid down in
such cases, and no one except the repre
sentatives of the city papers, the press
associations, members of the jury and
the attorneys will be allowed to be
present. **.. -
: There is considerable speculation con-
cerning. . ' -
A Mysterious Visit
which was paid to the jail to-day by
Prof. W. M. Salter, the well known lee-
turer, and president of the society for
ethical culture, and Henry D. Lloyd,
formerly one of the editors of the
Chicago Tribune. They were armed
with a special permit from the sheriff,
and after a prolonged conversation with
Fielden they visited in turn all of the
other prisoners. - Altogether they spent
over three hours in the building, but
they declined to make public the object
of t -their . visit, and the prison-
ers." were equally noncommunicative.
It *is surmised, however, that they
endeavored to induce the condemned
men to write an appeal to the governor
:f or clemency. The first step toward a
depopulation of the jail- were
■taken to-day, and by : Monday:
•next it " will contain fewer - in- J
mates than at any time since the great '
fire. ' Several prisoners were admitted
to i»ail*>>!s afternoon,' and *b'p evening
'.''■ Continued on Sixth Page*
Such Is the Verdict of St. Paul
Citizens as to the Chi-
, cago Anarchists.
Otto Haese, a Well-Known So-
cialist, Speaks on the
Red-Flag Bearers.
Opinion of T. M. Blakeley, Who
Reviewed the Evidence
With an Editor's Care.
General Expressions That the
United States Supreme
Court Decision Is Just.
Following the refusal of the supreme
court of the United States to grant the
writ of error in the case of the seven
anarchists, it was rumored that a num
ber of socialists would go from St. Paul
to Chicago an the date of the executions
to aid in any demonstrations that might
be inaugurated by the order in that city.
A Globe reporter called upon Otto
Haese, one of the most prominent
socialists in St. Paul, who is on the cdi-
torial staff of the West Publishing com-
"Mr. Haese, have you heard of any
scheme of the socialists here to go to
Chicago on Nov. 11?" asked the re-
"There has been none to my knowl-
edge," he replied, "Indeed, it seems in-
credible that any person should under-
take so foolish an act as to change
events which is in the power of no
number of men to prevent. It may be,
and this is* the exception, that the gov
ernor of Illinois may exercise his right
of extending clemency. Workingmen,
as a rule, believe that the verdict and
judgment condemning the crime, of the
Cook county court, and the affirmance
of the same by the supreme court of
Illinois, is an act of class prejudice. My
opinion is that human beings are liable to
errand judges as much. Ido not believe,
however, that the justices of the supreme
court knowingly, have disregarded the
rights of the parties defendant. Upon
an examination of the opinion of the
supreme court I find that there are very
strong points against Spies and com-
rades, while on the other hand there
seem to be, and no doubt are, points in
favor of the condemned men which seem
to lead to the conclusion that a real con-
spiracy to throw that bomb, or commit
any other criminal acts was not war-
ranted. I believe that the justices may
have allowed themselves to be carried
away by popular clamors, and so unin
tentionally arrived at a conclusion ad-
verse to Spies and associates. . May be,
upon close inspection of the record, the
judgment of affirmance is sustained by
the evidence, may be not. ; This 1 can-
not tell, even not from a careful perusal
of. the. opinion. The understanding of
workingmen, at least those organized,
seems to be that the condemned men
have availed themselves in writing and
speaking as they did of the '-38185
and that the interference of the Chicago
police, on the 4th of May, with the
meeting held at Haymarket, was unau
thorized by law, and as supporting their
views, they point to the testimony of
Carter Harrison, mayor at that time,
and Mr. English, a newspaper reporter,
who swore that the meeting was peace-
able. The especial reason that work-
ingmen are of this opinion is that anar
chists, at that time, favored strongly
(let me add too strongly) the eight-hour
movement, while before they were ridi
culing the workingmen for striving for
such slight advantages as the reduction
of the hours of work would guarantee.
Of course these are sentiments not ex-
actly answering your points, in as far as
the question arises what is my opinion
on the probabilities and outcome of the
execution of the law. Now I believe,
granting for the sake of argument, that
these men are guilty and in view of the
fact that a large portion of citizens do
not believe the condemnation of these
men quite justified, or at least believed
the punishment to be excessive,
then it would be better and be a means
of restoring harmony and a good feel-
ing, that executive clemency should be
extended. Again, as far as present
troubles may be anticipated I do not be-
lieve there is the slightest danger, but
lam afraid the precedent established
by the opinion of the supreme court of
Illinois, may be a bad one. It may be a
turning point in our constitutional his-
tory, such as
I feel not justified to condemn the
judges for having done what they
did and yet I cannot approve of it. May
be that I'm not as familiar with the act-
ual facts and the evidence adduced, may
be on account of my proclivities to favor
radical movements and see people amel
iorate their condition; may be because
I do not believe in capital punishment.
However this may be, at the present
time, more than at any other period of
our history, we need statesmen who will
be able to maintain true principles of
democracy and reconcile antagonistic
Men, such as we need, will be brought
forth, and let us hope in time to prevent
repetition of history such as caused the
overthrow of noble Greece and mighty
Borne. We can afford to have peace
and prosperity— if we cannot. I should
despair of mankind. Law, as long as it
expresses the understanding of the peo
ple, should be religiously obeyed, but
when discord and dissent awaken the
passions of heart and interest, then it
is time to meditate and consider— be-
cause we are human beings, and likely
to be carried away by our passions.
Probably the most intelligent opinion
expressed is that of T. M. Blakely, who
attended the trial throughout and drew
up the resume of the case, which ap
peared in the Northeastern Law Be-
porter. Said he:
The judgment was right, and any grant of
writ of error would have been a weak-kneed
concession to morbid sentimentality. . There
was nothing in any of the points on which
the application -to the supreme court was
based. . Undoubtedly - the anarchists were
tried by an impartial jury, and undoubtedly
they were properly convicted as members
of -a ; vicious .. conspiracy. ■ Reasonable
men reading the evidence could only come to
one conclusion. - Schnaubelt, whose good
fortune it is at present to be abroad whence
he safely sends statements exculpating his
fellow conspirators; threw the bomb ; there
is very little doubt that Spies lit it before it
was thrown, and none that Lingg made it, or
that Fielden fired on ' the police, or that all
the defendants were . overwhelmingly con-
nected with a conspiracy whose objects were
unlawful and whose methods were diaboli
cal. Milk aud water talk about the "progress
of society" and the : "right '. to advocate the
substitution of a new form of government,"
does ...not .* meet * the .case,-, nor do
references to "John -■• Brown". .-.- or
the : Southern. - ' rebellion. *>=• No one
denies the righi of free speech or the right of
the people to agitate peaceably for a change
of : government. ' Constitutional, agitation,'
carried on by civilized ■ means, is one thing, i
agitation by assassination, by dynamite, fire
cans,' aud poisoned weapons, is another.
Understand, I mean to say distinctly that the
evidence connects every one of the defend-
ants wtth the crime, as conspirators and ad-
vocates of the propagation of political prin
cipals by assassination.if not as actual partici-
pants in the crime itself. Of course my re-
marks do not apply to the conscientious scru
ples of those who object to capital punish-
ment, although, after a very careful perusal
of the evidence, and looking to the fearful
results of the conspirators' action on that
fatal night, in my opinion, hanging is too
good for any of them.
What St. Paul Men Say.
The following are the opinions of citi-
zens who were asked for an opinion yes-
terday, who, though they had no hesita
tion in commending the decision of the
U. S. supreme court, were rather reluc
tant in saying whether the men should
behung,as they are not fully acquainted
with the evidence presented at the
trial : - iiX'-.-- .
. Judge Hickman— l think the decision of
the court just, and really don't see how it could
have been otherwise. I think they ought to
be hung, or any other man who wilfully in-
cites to murder. I do not anticipate any
trouble at Chicago.
Aid. W. H. Sanborn— The U. S. court was
right. There was no error to admit of carry-
ing it to that court. I cannot say whether
they should be hung or not, as I know noth-
ing of the evidence.
E. S. Thompson— think the decision was
one that every fair-minded lawyer had rea-
son to expect. I am not even in favor of
trying these fellows. Though it's getting
quite wintry now, I'm an advocate of sum-
mary methods.
E. H. Ozmun— l thiuk the decision of the
court was eminently just and that the men
should hang.
Mr. Ingersoll— The decision is one in strict
compliance with the law and if guilty they
should hang.
O. E. Holman— decision was perfectly
just and as it should be. To protect society
these sort of men should be hanged. The
case never should have gone to the United
States court.
F. G. Baker— decision could not have
been otherwise. When the case was con-
eluded in Chicago, I made up my mind that
there was not the shadow of a - ground tor
carrying it to the U. S. court. The men
should hang by all means.
11. C. McCartey— l could not expect the U.
S. court to interfere after the supreme court
of the state had passed upon it. However, I
hope something may occur to prevent the
meu from being hanged.
F. G. Bohri— decision could not have
been otherwise, although I am not satisfied
Quit all of these men should or will hang. No
one knows just what lies in she heart of
Gov. Oglesby. A. terrible pressure will be
brought to bear upon him. However, the
law is very strict as regards petitions for com-
mutations of sentence. They must come di-
rect from the prisoner himself, and of course
if they stick to their cry, -Liberty or death,"
why, no such petitions will be made and the
governor will have no chance to act. How-
ever, the friends of these men will push
these petitions for all they are worth. I
don't care what the papers say, there is going
to be terrible excitement over the affair in
Chicago and much trouble.
R. K. Boney— Tucker's previous inter-
pretations of the constitution were that
amendments to it were limits to the power of
the federal government. The granting of
that writ would have established a precedent
by which every criminal who had a little
money could have his case reviewed by the
United States supreme court. The state su
preme court is sufficient to decide the case of
all criminals.
J. F. Fitzpatrick— refusal of the United
States court to grant the writ was undoubt
edly right, and the state supreme court was
the supreme judicial power. The United
States court had no appellate jurisdiction in
the case. There is one thing that I don't
understand. •■■ The efforts of the anarchists
and their counsel to procure a reversal of the
death sentence, are entirely inconsistent
with anarchal "doctrines. They are trying
to take advantage of every legal technicality
which the most astute lawyers in the couutry
can discover. In a system, the law which
they affect to despise, they ..have used all
their energies to overthrow. ; , .'-- •
D. D. Merrill— Leniency in a, case of this
kind begets, anarchy. Ido not see where our
safety lies if such men are not removed.
State Treasurer Bobleter— ought to
hang. -
Adjt. Gen. Seeley— Good for' the supreme
court. Now let us hope that Gov. Oglesby
will not interfere.
Eli Warner— l guess nobody will kick on
the decision. -"'.'.-■: .-■;,.:-.•-'
Col. J. K. Moore— anarchists ought to
hang. •"■'-.".•■.
Insurance Commissioner ShanJrew— am
proud of the supreme court of the United
States. There has been too much delay, al-
ready, though the supreme court ought to be
given credit for its prompt action. Ido not
believe there will be any trouble in Chicago
on the day of the hanging. If there should
be there will be a large number of people in
Chicago who are willing to help squelch any
riotous demonstration.
Deputy Clerk Helm— glad to hear that
the court sustained the decision of the Illi
nois court. ■ •
District Attorney George N. Baxter— al
ways thought the appeal to the supreme
court was a great big attempt to keep the an-
archists from being hung.
S. L. Pierce— lt's just this way with me : I
don't like to see a man hung, but I wouldn't
like to see those fellows get off. From a
legal standpoint. I never did think the su
preme court could have done otherwise.
United States Senater C. K. Davis—
just heard of it. I thought it would come
out that way.
Thomas Ryan— Erwin thought it would
come out as it has. When you get the opinion
you will see that the matter was . decided in
1830 in the Neff case by Chief Justice Mar-
shall. The same decision was given by Judge
Miller in the famous slaughter house cases
from New Orleans. It is on what is called
due process of law. The supreme court
simply refuses to have anything to do with
the question of state's right- It's the same
old thing as in the decision of 1836.
Judge William Louis Kelly— l was in hopes
that they would take up that Illinois law and
sustain it, for then it would stop all this in-
fernal wrangling.
Otto Kcufl'ner— Oh, I don't know much
about it, but I think it's all right. You can't
tell much about it until you have all the pro-
ceedings before you. but the way the papers
report it, it is undoubtedly good law. You
see they didn't have to. review the whole
case. It was simply a constitutional ques
H. J. Horn— thought it would be so. :i:~-A
C. N. Bell l'm loyal to the supreme court.
C. D. O'Brien— lt's all right. If the supreme
preme court should have asserted jurisdic
tion over this case, you might as well wipe
out all state judiciary.
"These men and their friends have no cause
for complaint," said Representative Edmund
Rice, "they have been given a fair trial and
condemned for violating the law of the land.
If heroic treatment had been resorted to at
Chicago hi dealing with these anarchist rive
or six years ago there would have been no
Haymarket riot; but no, the authorities al-
lowed these people to have their own way so
long that they became defiant and thought
punishment would not be meted out to them
no matter what act of violence they
might perpetrate. Men of the worst
stripe ought to be jugged as soon
as they begin to preach the doctrine of an-
archy, violence and ruin, and that would
have been my course if the problem had been
presented for my consideration. I remem
ber on one occasion when I was mayor of
this city a committee came to me in the in-
terest of Johaun Most, who wanted to lee-
ture here. It was suggested that I should
subscribe to a purse to guarantee his ex
penses, but I promptly informed the com-
mittee that I would subscribe for a halter for
Most but I would not in any way encourage
him or permit him to preach his doctrine of
anarchy in St. Paul while I was . its mayor.
If the same course had been pursued at Chi
cago there would have been no necessity for
an execution at that place the 11th of this
month." .
Adjutant General Thomas M. Vincent, U.
S. A.— decision of the supreme court
was eminently just and proper and it will be
a notice served upon anarchists and ; social
ists abroad that America is not the place pict
ured to them, . where - the ■, laws • can be vio
lated with impunity. The execution of the
anarchists .-at . Chicago will be an ' ex- '
ample that will be heeded where
less forcible measures might not avail.
This anarchistic doctrine is not a thing of
to-day, but has been steadily increasing, but
especially within the past ten years. An in
cident that occurred in Washington, in 1877
I think it was, at any rate during the fire that
partly destroyed the patent office building,
will illustrate this. One of my neighbors
was Judge Olin, one of the members of the
District of Columbia judiciary, and together
we proceeded to the scene. . Shortly after our
arrival upon the spot, Judge Olin called my
attention to a group of able bodied men, who
were standing around but taking no part in
the efforts to extinguish the flames. lie ad
dressed himself to them and urged ; them as
good citizens to go to the aid of the firemen,
but one of the men who acted as spokesman ;
fox his companions : replied. "Not much.
Fargo Argus: : Saturday's - St. Pauf
; GLOBE was •; a merry-go-round—alto
gether. )■ : lts cartoons in its Dakota; edi
tion—while sometimes hitting ■ the Argus
below the bet— papers like I sheof.
Surely the GLOBE is a prodigy of success
—carving out a field for itself— and filling;
it wonderfully well. _ J. The sales ■of the
Saturday's GLOBE increase ' every week,
and there seems to be no end to the' de
mand. Mr. Bes tic's great difficulty is to
get copies sufficient to supply his . cus
tomers. ' V '■
NO. 307.
We like lo see government buildings burn.'*
This answer set the judge to . thinking, and
that same evening, while conversing over the
events of the day, he predicted just such out-
rages as recently - occur at - Chicago and
elsewhere, unless the mob or unruly element
of society was placed under more restrictions.
Mayor Smith A jury of their countrymen
gave these men a fair trial . and found them
guilty, and the supreme court has only done
its duty in the matter. When the anarchists
committed the crime was the time to punish
them, however, for the delays that have been
countenanced have only caused a false sym
pathy to be created for them. But they will
undoubtedly get their deserts now. ■-
Col. P. M. Cleary, of Chicago— At-
torney Grinnell has immortalized himself in
his argument before the supreme court, and
he will be the next governor of Illinois. A
most righteous decision is my definition of
the verdict and the scoundrels will be hung
as sure as Chicago is a city. ■-.--,.
Hon. P. H. Kelly— The supreme court by
its refusal to grant the writ finds that the
accused had a . fair trial. The laws of the
land must be sustained and maintained. ■-•
- Col. A. F. Rockwell, Chief Quartermaster
Department of Dakota— l think a mistake
was made py the supreme court in granting
the counsel for the condemned anarchists a
hearing in the first place. It simply estab
lishes a precedent for sharp lawyers to carry
the cases of murderers and other criminals
from all the states to the highest tribunal on'
a plea of informality in the findings by the
lower courts. -
In other words it makes the United States
supreme court appear in the nature of a
police court, and all other ' business • would
have to be neglected if this precedent was
followed up, as criminal matters would fill
up the docket. The execution of these men
will be a salutary lesson, and one that is
needed as a warning to offenders against out
Alderman Long— A week ago when I was
in Chicago, there seemed to be no. doubt in
the minds of the people that the ■ supreme
court would take the very action that to-day's
dispatches indicate they have done. It is a
just decision, and I do not anticipate any re-
versal by Gov.Oglesby.as has been suggested.
Supt. Loader, in charge of the Pinkerton
Agency in St. Paul— l am not sure that Gov.
Oglesbywill refuse the appeals made to him
for ' a commutation of sentence of two or
three of the.anarchists,especially as petitions
for executive clemency have received a great
many signatures. - It was not a surprise to
me that the Tinted States supreme court has
made the decision not to interfere with the
case in any way, and in fact they had no
reason to do so.
Comptroller Roche— The execution of the
anarchists will create a tremenduous sensa
tion throughout the country. The whole
laud has been waiting with keen anxiety to
see what the supreme court would do. It
may be a good thing and again it may noti
It's very hard to fortell just what effect it
will have. ~. ,-■
- Inspector Johnson am pleased
at the action of the supreme court in the an-
' archist case. It's a move in the right direc
tion. I'm not spoiling for gore either, and I
am glad that the case has gone through all
the courts the way it has. All- the tribunals
of the laud have "heard them, and they can
not say that the law has not given them
every right or privilege vouchsafed by the
constitution. ,r;:_~o
J. C. Bayden— hard, but just. They
have had a fair trial, and the case has been
twice reviewed. No question can be mode as
to the legality of anything. Let the law take
its course. • -. „
A. S. Willoughby— lt's just right. They
well deserve all they will get.
McPherson B. Williams is no . help
for them now. They must take the conse
quences. -
Charles James— l'm glad of it. The anarch*
ists will now get what they deserve. - '
J. M. Egau— a good thing. Just what
might be expected.
E. B. Wakeman — It is a just decision, and
lam glad the case was taken to the United
States supreme court.
J. S. McCullach— That's good. Now let
them pay the penalty of their crimes. .
S. L. Moore— That's just right.
-.". — •
How a Drunken Father Disposed
.. . .... of His Daughters.
Ottawa, Nov. 2.— While a Victoria
schooner was lying at the wharf at Bar-
clay sound, on the \ west coast of Van-*
couver island, recently, the captain and
crew were surprised to ■ see two white
girls running towards the vessel; closely*
pursued by three or four Indians*
Reaching the side of the vessel the girls
sprang on board almost exhausted and;
begged the captain to orotect them from
their pursuers. The Indians were close
upon them, and, jumping on the deck
of the schooner, demanded the girls as §
their property, but the captain refused
to give the girls up. After parleying
with the captain for a short time they ,
took their departure only to return
largely reinforced. The captain then
surrendered the girls for fear of his
life. It has since been learned by the
government of British Columbia, which,
is to demand the release of the girls,
that they are daughters of William
Thompson, formerly of Victoria,
who, with his wife and four daughters,
moved to San Juan, on the west coast*
three years ago and took up his home
near an Indian camp. Since that time
until now nothing has been heard of
them. After moving to San Juan the
father became dissipated and all he
earned went for the purchase of liquor.
When he could no longer obtain money
or liquor he sold his eldest daughter toft
wealthy Chinaman, to whom it is said "
she was married at the point of the re-
volver. His wife died of a broken heart,
and in one of his revelries at the Indian
camp, it is alleged, he agreed to barter
two of his daughters for a few blankets,
clothing and whisky. The bargain was
made, and for the purpose of carrying
it out Thompson's hut was visited . the
following night by a few of the tribe,
who easily carried away their helpless
victims. Since their captivity the girls
have been subject to the most brutal
treatment. A young sister, only eight
years old, was sold to another tribe of
Indians. The light-house keeper ... at -
Race Rocks light has, within a few days,
seen a young white girl in a canoe, pad*
died by Indians, pass the light-house. ,
The Sham Butter Issue. "
Chicago, Nov. 2.— Many of the lead*
ing cattle breeders of the state are up
in arms against the management of the
national fat stock show, which opens
here next week, on account of its re-
fusal to allow space for an exhibit of
oleomargarine and butterine. They
claim that these articles are wholly the
product of fat cattle and fat swine; that
they are now manufactured under gov-'
ernment sanction and inspection, and *
consequently are of guaranteed purity
and wholesomeness ; and that, as space
has been set aside for an exhibit of dairy |
products, the discrimination in question .
is not only unfair and unjust but detri
mental to the very class of livestock that 1
the show has been organized to benefit.
These views will probably be empha- -
sized at a conference of the various :.
county breeders' associations, to be held §§
here next week. One of the managers
of the fat stock show said this morning?-;
that he did not know what effect the re* -
monstrance would have upon his asso
ciation. For himself he was not in fa- y
vor of changing a rule which had been l:
adopted, and that it was to the interest- C
;>f the show to protect the , legitimate V
dairy interests of the country.
Davis in Good Health.
' Davis in Good Health.
Macon, Ga., Nov.' Reports that
Mr. Jefferson ..Davis is in a' precarious >
condition are not correct. His health is
better than at any time since" he left
Beauvior. Last night he • received a
number of friends ?■ and conversed with'
them until a late hour. -This morning
he is in fine spirits and in better health
than usual.
The Employers Win.
Evansville, Ind., Nov. 2.— The coal
miners' strike in 7 this city was practi
sally ended yesterday by { a large num
ber of miners returning to work ;in the :
[ngleside \ and - Sunnyside mines at the • ;
aid scale of, prices. The - remainder ; of '
the strikers will return to work to-day. '

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