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TO-DAY'S WRATH RR.
■Washington, Jan. 22.— Indications— For
North Dakota: Local snows; warmer in
northwest, stationary temperature In south
east portion; northerly winds, becoming vari
able. For south Dakota: Fair, followed by
local snows; warmer in eastern and western
portions, stationary temperature in central
portion; variable winds. For Minnesota;
Light snow ; warmer in southeast, colder in
northwest portion; variable winds. For
Wisconsin and Iowa: Threatening weather,
with snow; generally warmer; southerly
Sf £5 *- •— go
Place of gS »f. Place of § «~ 5 &
Obs'vation. go -c. Obs"vation. |° 5 &
I :f;? ?■: rl
: • 7 "7
?t. Paul.... 3<>.'J4 (> Helena.... 30.12 6
Duluth 50.28 tijrt. Totten
Lacrosse. 30.44 8 Ft. Sully..; 30.16 2
Huron 30.0.- Id Miunedosa 30.-_"_ ( —6
ICoorhead . 3<MO 6 Calvary....
St. Vincent 30.14 —L' Edmonton
Bismarck.. 30.2(t — S(,> Ap|«lle. 30.43-14
Ft. Buford. 30.40 -10 Medic'e H
Ft. Custer.. *>.18 6|l Winnipeg.. 30.20 -10
— Below zero.
For St. Paul, Minneapolis and vicinity:
Ilieher temperature; light snow, followed by
THE STORY OF A DAY.
Thore is a rumor afloat that the Dope is
The world's fair subcommittee is unable to
Ocean liners find heavy work on the At
Mr. Cleveland has lost none of his zeal for
Michael Schieber, the Bavarian murderer,
A St. Louis county school treasurer is short
in his Bcccauta. •
The Minneapolis curlers win the Dalrymple
medal at Milwaukee.
John X. Beidler. a famous character, dies
of pneumonia at Heleua.
The State National Guard association con
cludes its annual session.
South Dakotans resent the interference of
Bishop Ilnre in state affairs.
Nellie Bly seems certain to win in her race
around the globe with Miss Bisland.
Two representative G. A. R. posts of the
Dakotas are selected to go to Boston.
The Bank of England will not adopt Win
dom's silver bullion scheme just yet.
Secretary Windom informs Coneressman
Lind that there are too many custom houses.
The house passes the bill appropriating
51.500.000 for a public building at St. Paul.
- The late Dr. Wright, of Pierre. S. D.. leaves
valuable property to the American Bible So
ciety or New York and the indigent children
Tvs North Dakota house ta*es a whack at
Commercial agencies by requiring them to de
posit $lO0,O(HJ with the state treasurer be
fore transacting business in the stale.
BLA INK'S BACK-DOWN.
About the time that William Wal-
Tek Pm:i.rs was appointed minister to
Berlin, as a reward for his services in
concluding the Samoan convention, the
American people were jubilant in the
thought that the protocol agreed upon
at Berlin had conceded everything that
this nation had insisted upon, and that
Germany and England only cot what
the generosity of our commissioners al
lowed them to have. It was thought
singular, too, at the time that the pro
visions of the tripartite agreement were
not made public, but that was explained
upon the ground that it was not neces
sary to inflict upon Germany and Eng
land the mortification that a publication
of the protocol would subject those
It turns out, however, that all our
glorification was in vain, aDd that Mr.
pHEi.rs got his diplomatic position at
the court of Berlin as a blind. What
was trumpeted last summer as a great
accomplishment turns out to have been
a clear back-down. The Kamoan con
vention proves to be a mass of retrac
tions from the just demands made by
Mr. Bayard when he was secretary of
state, instead of a victory for American
diplomacy, and as a result Mr. Blaixe
is not looked upon by foreign powers
us the terronzer he was believed to be.
The convention appears to be a mere
memorandum of concessions made by
the United States, and the Germans
really secured more at the hands of Mr.
Blaink's commissioners than they had
ever hoped to get under Mr. Bayakd's
administration of the state depart
ment. The convention not only yields
every vital point made two or three
years ago by Commissioner Yon Al
vexsi.ijhkx, who then represented the
German empire, but our American com
missioners actually ate a bigger dish of
crow than Bismarck originally tend
ed for them. It is evident that Bis
marck knew the weakness of the aver
age American diplomatic stomach when
lie secured a transfer of the Sauioau
case from Washington to Berlin. His
state dinners and champagne suppers
had the desired effect on Commissioners
Bates, Phelps and Kassox, for they
not only voluntarily surrendered all
that we had been claiming, bat cheer
fully conceded everything that Bis
marck and Salisbury asked of them.
Our commissioners made a great
blow about having gained the
concession that the Samoese should
Lave their own king. It turns
out, however, that the king they
are to name is only to be a
king in name. The real power is lodged
in the chief justice, who is constituted
adviser to the king, and who is also to
be regulator of the throne, and whose
decisions are to be paramount in au
thority to the decrees of the king him
self, lie is furthermore invested with
authority to name the successor to the
throne. This judicial officer with ple
nary powers is to be chosen by Germany,
with tin advice and consent of Great
Britain. The Samoese king of native
birth, lor whom Mr. Blame was such
& stickler, is after all only a second edi
tion of McGinty. and may as well be
at the bottom of the sea for the practi
cal good he will be to the natives of
Samoa. Bismarck^ tin god on wheels,
styled the chief justice, is to be the real
ruler of Samoa. ' : .; ,-; :
Mr. Bayard's great fight against
Germany in relation to Samoaii affairs
was in reference to fie German land
claims. lie stoutly held out against any
agreement by which the helpless igno
rance of the Samoans should be imposed
upon by subjecting them to the rules of
English litigants. This point was con
ceded by Mr. Blaise's commissioners at
the first hop of the ball, and the land
court scheme agreed upon in the con
vention will hold to German claimants
every foot of the Samoan islands that
the Germans consider worth owning.
In the municipality scheme the Ger
mans have had it all their own way, too.
The tax schedule which Vox Alvex
slebex insisted upon, and which Mr.
Bayard declined to accept, is made a
leading feature of the protocol. In
fact, the only thing Americans know
about the whole agreement is the signa
tures of Messrs. Puelps. Bates and
Kassox, who, under Mr. Blaise's in
structions, conceded more than Ger
many and Great Britain had been ask
ing for. It is the squarest back-down
in the history of diplomacy; and if this
is the best specimen of Blaixe's brill
iancy in diplomacy, what in the name
of Heaven will the worst be?
The congressional contests in all the
states this year will excite more than
ordinary interest, as they will index the
popular disposition toward the adminis
tration and the legislation the dominant
party in congress has effected. But this
will be largely restricted to the districts
that are contested, and not be defined
by state lines. Hardly any of the states
whose contests excite leading interest
have governors or important state offi
cers to elect this year. The two that
will attract most outside interest are
Illinois and Indiana. In each the inter
est will center upon the legislature.
There are only minor state officials to
elect in either. Both will have senators
to be chosen by the next legislature, i
Illinoisain place of Faiiwele, and Indi
ana over the return of Vookiiees.
Illinois has been in the habit
of electing only Republicans to
the senate. Judge Davis was the last
senator from that state elected by the
opposition. It is learned recently from
that state that it is the purpose of the
Democrats to adhere to the programme
proposed after the canvass in 1838, to
formally nominate their choice for sena
tor in the state convention held before
the election of the legislature. They
will name Gen. i'Ai.jti:i:. His wonder
fully energetic and enthusiastic can
vass for governor in ISSS was only shorn
of complete success by the overshadow
ing national contest. The Democrats
are united.'and very sanguine that under
his brilliant lead they will"sweep the
state. It is not at all probable that the
Republicans will name any man to
make the canvass, but the diver
gence betweeu the president and the
senators will add somewhat to the
piquancy of the situation. That state
will be apt to go the same way in 1892
as this year, and a decisive majority for
the Democrats in Illinois and Indiana
next November will aid materially in
persuading the public mind that the
Democrats will come in with a rush in
the presidential election. In Indiana
there should be very little doubt that
Democrats will have a good majority in
the legislature. Voorliees will be a
candidate for re-election, and several
other able Democrats will be actively
hopeful that the lightning may strike
them. Still, the senatorial seat is by no
means the only incentive to the great
struggle in that state. The Republicans
have no urgent need to gain the sena
tor, but it is the home slate of the ad
ministration, and the Republicans will
be hardly less anxious to carry
it than they were in 1868. If
the president regarded it as of
the importance alleged in his elec
tion, it is as much a matter of pride
with him to now retain it. Its decision
will be looked to as the verdict of his
neighbors and those who best know
him upon his success as a president.
All the forces of the administration
will be put forth to vindicate it in the
Indiana review. The Republicans are
already inaugurating the contest. They
are organizing under the lead or L. T.
Miciiixer, who is pronounced "the
most alert, dextrous and resourceful
partisan manager whom the common
wealth has known since the death of
Oliver P. Morton." He is probably
a combination of Quay, Dudley,
Waxamaker and the other "resource
ful" people who manage campaigns in
the interest of fattening monopolies.
It gave Habbisox 2,34B more votes than
Cleveland in 1888, but it is pretty
safe to count it for the Democrats this
The officers of the national guard did
not take kindly to Col. Mason's sug
gestion that the volunteer militia should
be taken out on the march occasionally
and be required to do all the service
that would actually have to be per
formed by them in case they were called
out by the executive. It is probably
natural that the national guard should
take issue with Col. Mapox on this
point, and yet it must be admitted that
the colonel lias the right side of the
question. There is a vast difference be
tween playing soldier aud being a sol
dier. The former is amusement, the
latter Is hard work. The theory upon
which the national guard is maintained
is that it will provide a volunteer array
in an emergency, and form the nucleus
for a national military organization in
case the nation should become iu
volved in a war with a foreign
country. An army without discipline
amounts to nothing, and an army with
out experience in field movements
amounts to next to nothing. It would
probably be a little tough on the gallant
young gentlemen, who compose the
national guard to string them out
on a long and fatiguing march once
or twice a year, but that is the way to
make soldiers of them. If it is the
policy of the state to maintain an or
ganization of make-believe soldiers
only, then Col. Mason's rugged sug
gestions would be entirely out of place.
Otherwise they are timely and appro
To the Editor of the Globe.
While the total wealth of Great Britain and
Ireland is set down at S5o,0t)O,O00,<'0O, that
of the United States is computed at $40,00 ',
-000.000. But while England pays in taxes
$20 per head of population, the United Slates
pays only $12.50. Where do you figure the
tariff tax in above conclusion* * *
Red Lake Falls, Minn., Jan. 15.
The tariff tax is not figured at all in
the above conclusion. The figures
quoted only refer to the direct tax. The
tariff tax is an indirect tax, and is paid
by the consumers in the abnormal
prices they are compelled to pay for the
common necessaries of life. luclude
the tariff tax in the above and it would
be safe to say that the United States
pays $50 per head of population, and
possibly a good deal more.
It is furthermore safe to say that if
the tariff were made a direct tax the
people of this country would rise in re
bellion unless it were immediately re
pealed. They wouldn't submit to it
for twenty-four hours. If instead I
of collecting the tax from the buyer,
when he pays for his goods, the tariff
tax were placed in the hands of the
marshal or sheriff for collection, what a
howl would go up from one end of this
land to the other.
And yet it is . beiu g paid right along,
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: THURSDAY MORXING, JANUARY 2;1. 1890.
and the politicians persuade the people
into the belief that they are doing God
and the couutry a service by paying it,
simply because it is not paid in the
; There is another difference between
; direct and indirect taxation. The direct
taxes are collected and paid into the
public treasury. The indirect tariff tax
iis collected and put into the pockets of
the monopolists. But they all como
from the same source— the earnings of
WITHOUT A MIES.
The Pan-American congress will not
be without useful influence if it can
promote the establishment of a system
of arbitration to settle all disputes be
tween any of the countries of the new
world. Resolutions of that character
have been introduced, and will, no
doubt, receive favorable consideration.
On the other side of the water the arbi
trating agencies all carry large guns,
and show no disposition to transform
any of them into the utensils of indus
try and peace. There are no armies to
speak of in any American .country.
There is no crowding each other or
special collision of interests to require
armies. Each has all the territory it
can make useful, or that it needs for
legitimate growth. The is no apparent
eagerness anywhere to reach for any
reluctant acquisition. The United States
has no disposition to add to its
domain anything that can only be had
by force. If Canada, Cuba, Mexico or
any other neighbor wants to come under
the stars and stripes, she will probably
have a hospitable reception, but there
will be no compulsion. The stipulation
proposed that, even in the event of col
lision between any American countries,
the victor shall not annex conquered
territory, is admirably adapted to pro
mote peace. There would be few wars
entered upon between great powers if
this were the international rule. It would
lead to the disarmament of the vast
European armies. But a better exam
ple can t>e set to old powers, and per
haps a precept inculcated that may lead
to the cessation of wars in all Christen
dom. About all the use for navies and
military equipment in the Americas
may be to keep other nations civil and
attentive to their own affairs only.
THE COAST CLIMATE.
The climate has been advertised as
the most notable attraction of the Pa
cific coast regions; and yet, in view of
experiences this winter, the Portland
Oregoniau reports some of the citizens
stigmatizing the weather as "dreadful,"
and expressing a determination to "get
out of the country." The editor seeks
to pacify them by asking where they
can go to get better weather. Then he
would hem them in with this picture:
"To California, perhaps, where, when
it rains at all, the windows of heaven
open and the country is flooded: or it
may be to Nebraska, where the blizzard
is just now on its annual howl; or to
lowa, where the cyclone cellar is a
necessity; or to Minnesota, where a
handkerchief wrungout of boiling water
freezes solid before it can be shaken
and hung across a line in the open air."
Violent storms and great depth of snow
appear to be the winter phase in Ore
gon. This is, perhaps, not the annual
programme. There is no desire to see
that region disparaged. No doubt it is
a pleasant country to visit at some sea
sons of the year. The Portland editor
has a strange, but perhaps honest mis
conception of the Minnesota climate.
Until within a week or two the only
fault with the weather was that it was
too mild. Perhaps more than in any
other region the climate meets the con
ditions that give buoyant vitality,
ON THE DECLINE.
La grippe is evidently on a receding
tide. Possibly the below zero weather
has something to do with checking it,
yet it is more probable that it had
reached the zenith of its career before
the cold snap set in. Yet there are
those both among laymen and profes
sionals who still claim that we have
never had the Russian influenza in this
country, but that we have simply been
suffering from an epidemic of bad colds.
It is a matter of no consequence, how
ever, whether it was of Russian origin
or not. Those who have had a case of
it can readily testify that it is no joke,
and in most of the American cities it
has proved as fatal as the genuine Rus
sian article. We are indebted to the
excellence of our climate and the purity
of our atmosphere for the comparatively
light form in which the epidemic has
visited St. Paul. Under the same con
ditions it would have been as fatal here
as it was in Chicago and in the cities
farther East. It should be borne in
mind that the cases which occur in the
wind-up of the epidemic are usually the
most virulent, and extreme caution
should be exercised by those who are
yet to fall its victims. . - ; ; .
It has been noted in the recent dis
patches that an Indian tribe in the Win
nipeg region was in danger of exter
miiiatiou from the prevalent epidemic.
There were no traditions of such a dis
ease among them, and their medicine
men had no provision for it. Statistics
are said to show that nearly one-half of
the Indians who are educated in the
government industrial schools die within
three or f eur years after they return to
their people. Pulmonary affection is
the common cause of their mortality.
Contact with civilization seems to im
pair the vitality of the aborigines.
They take all the diseases that the
whites are subject to, and have, per
haps, less ability to resist their attacks.
Those who have been trained in the
schools among the whites acquire dis
taste for the old savage life, and have
apparently diminished ability to resist
its unsanitary methods. The time is
past when public sentiment would care
to see the red man in process of ultimate
There may be some small reason why
the government should not redeem
mutilated coin at the face value. The
assumption that persons would extract
portions for gain may have basis, but
there can be little occasion to refuse to
take them at their percentage of the
original issue. The government sells a
silver dollar for 100 cents in gold. If
five cents' worth of the silver is taken
from it, and the party wants his gold
dollar back, he must put 30 cents with
the mutilated dollar, and lie loses 25
cents by the transaction. It is the same
way with other silver coins. The par
ties caught with them are usually poor
people, and they are otten taken because
unfamiliar with the usage. They can
not get rid of them at the banks with- I
out still greater discount, as the banks
must have a margin below the govern
ment price. At the recent bankers'
convention it was insisted that the gov
ernment should give new coin for all
that retain their identity, which is not
The Democratic editors in Indiana,
the other day, with almost entire unan
imity, expressed themselves in favor of
the nomination of Mr. Cleveland in
1893. The Democrats in Maryland, on
an interview, were of the same mind.
The governor of Missouri says no one
else is thought of ill that state.' ' If the
convention were to meet this year.it
would be unanimous for him. What
ever the disposition two years later, the
party is now getting together solidly for
the policy Cleveland so courageously
flung out in his tariff deliveries.
If Miss Charlotte Smith, of the
Women's Industrial League, is author
ity, there has been an Increase of 50 per
cent in the use of cigarettes among
women in this country in the last five
years..' She would curtail - the growing
evil by putting a tax of a dollar a pack
age on cigarettes. The classes that use
them would not be restrained by the
tax. It might reduce the consumption
among young men somewhat, but the
women would be' apt to take to the pipe
if they could not get cigarettes. .
Paris is not quite the climate for pro
tracted ice skating, but this obstacle
has been overcome by artificial means.
A scientific device keeps the ice in their
skating rink from melting at 60 or 65 de
grees. That is, the temperature at the
feet will be zero while that a little above
will be well up to summer heat. It is
an ingenious application of scientific
principles, but reverses the hygienic
conditions regarded as essential—
feet and cool head.
Perhaps some of the farmers have
overlooked the fact that protection is
given them in the tariff on some prod
ucts. For instance, acorns are pro
tected 2 cents a pound, or 35 per cent,
and peanuts double that per cent. If
they don't raise them it is not the fault
of the people who are protected some
what more on window glass, clothing,
blankets, crockery and other things the
Something of the disposition of
the Af ro-Arnoricans toward the schemes
to aid the people in finding
homes in new regious may be in
ferred from the resolutions they
passed in Chicago, requesting congress
to provide for the migration of the
whites from the Southern states where
there is race friction. This is facetious,
of course, but the blacks evidently do
not mean to migrate.
Volapuk is a good thing in theory,
but the universal language of Christen
dom is likely to be the English. A cen
tury ago there were hardly more than
16.000,000 people who used it. Now
more than 100,000,000 talk the language
Of SIIAKKSPEAIIE, Miltox and SULLI
vax. This is nearly as many as speak
German and French, and it is pushing
its way in advance of all others.
It has been held in a Canadian court
that it is illegal to try to collect a debt
outside the domicile of the debtor, -and
to dun him on the street constitutes as
sault and battery. If that were the gen
eral rule it would make things much
pleasanter for the class who have been
able to obtain credit. A man need
never be "at home" to intruders of the
Some figures given show that about
halt the inmates of a penitentiary in
lowa were temperate, but 283 out of 394
had no religious or moral education.'
This gives a little text to those who are
working out the problems about crime
! and its causes.
While the czar is holding up the
white flag before Europe he has ap
pointed two commissions to attopt meas
ures for revising the array to get it into
fighting condition. His acts are a bet
ter Index than his professions.
The French have had a commission
of engineers examining the : Panama
canal, and they find quite a ditch. Prob
ably they will conclude that it is a good
thing to absorb any surplus the French
people may have. I
It is now the thing with the chari
table ladies in Philadelphia to patronize
only the storekeepers who give atten
tion to the comfort of women employes.
They have lists of merchants to be boy
Most of the legislatures are tackling
the school book question. It is con
ceded that the books cost too much, and
this fact keeps children out of the
A sxow blockade was impolite
enough to get in Nellie Bly's way.
but couldn't beat her. Her seventy-five
days will be up Sunday evening.
■■ f . • ;■.';.. ■'. —
lowa has a phenomenal case of de
pravity In the twelve-year old boy who
killed his father and mother and is sent
to the penitentiary for life.
The Canadian minister of customs has
decided that a cyclorama is not a work
of art and is, therefore, subject to duty.
! Bisnop llare throws a small bomb
into the prohibition ranks in the South
Those lowa legislature Democrats
are holding up gallantly. -
Movements of steamships.
New York— Arrived: Servia from New
Tork.Charlois from Botterdam.
Halifax— Arrived: Egypt from London
tor New York : Khartia from Breman for
New York; Sorrentifrom Liverpool for Bos
Bre3tex— Creole, from New Or- '■
lewis, i ■':''■ . :
i»niLADELPniA— Arrived: Ohio, from Liver
pool. - I
Live bpooi.— Arrived; Sardinean,fromMon
St. .Tohks, N. Arrived: Circassian,
BREVITIES BY TELEGRA PH.
Stanley will abide in Cairo until mid-
Ice formed on tho Hudson river last night,
the first time this winter.
The Quebec legislature has done no busi
ness thus far because of grip.
Henceforth it will cost 500 guineas- for
members' entrance fee to the London Stock
! The trial of the action brought by Mr. Par
-1 nell against the Times for libel has been fixed
for Feb. 3.
An eight-hour labor bill, indorsed by the
Birmingham federation will be placed before
J.G. Eawn has been appointed general
superintendent of the Baltimore & Ohio
Father Denza has accepted the direction of
the new Vatican observatory, which is
nearly completed at Rome.
Eight hundred and fifty seals hare been
taken on the Labrador coajt thus far this
season— counted a light eaten.
Charles WeinVel. of Long Island city, N.
V., fell into his mothers wash tub yesterday
and was scalded and drowned.
Striking sailors and foremen at Hamburg
will continue their strike. A stackers' and
trimmers' union was formed yesterday. v
The dispute between England and Portugal
is assuming a more favorable aspect owing
to the Marquis of Salisbury's policy of con
It cost New York state last year $27,000 to
maintain its Niagara Falls property. It Is
proposed to spend §66,000 this year In im
Out of 211 presbyteries in - the United
States, 35 have now voted to revise the creed
and 12 against. Eight of the 12 opponents
are In Pennsylvania -
Capt Trevier, the French explorer who re
cently crossed from the west to the east
coast of Africa, is of the opinion that no
commercial ventures are possible in the por
tions of tho country through which he
In the event of the rejection of the socialist
bill Prince Bismarck will give as a watch
word for the election "Down with the social
democrats." The emperor's message to the
new reichstag will probably be of the sam»
tenor as tho prince's wfttcbwanU
Flood's A contract has been
signed for the con-
Masnillccnt struction of a magnifi
cent mausoleum in Lav-
Mausoleum, rel Hill cemetery. for
- the Floods, says a San
Francisco letter, and work upon it will
I commence in a few days and be prose
; cuted steadily by a large force of men
for a year, when it is hoped that it will
be finished. The mausoleum is .to be
: finer than the beautiful one lately com
pleted by James G. Fair, and equal to
that of the Crocker family. It will cost
at least $100,000. It will be modeled
after the Jay Gould mausoleum, but in
beauty of structure will, it is stated.
< even surpass it. Its form is to be that
of the peripteral lonic temple,
i and it will be constructed - en
tirely of California material, and
almost entirely of granite. The only
other material used will possibly be a
little marble along the margins for the S
: receptacles for the dead. Even this
will be dispensed with if possible, and
artistically wofked granite substituted.
The great tomb will be about thirty-two
feet long by twenty feet wide, and
will reach to a height of twenty
feet. There will be twenty col
umns, each a perfect polished piece,
without joint, and unmarred in any
way. The cella will be &ten teet eight
inches in height, with angle or volute
caps on all sides. When completed the
mausoleum will, in the interior, have
the effect of a great mirror, as its gran
ite sides, and even the floor, which will
be of granite, will be as smooth as glass.
The dome in its interior will be of
paneled and curiously carved granite.
The mausoleum, as at first constructed,
will have receptacles for six persons,
or for as many as constitute the Flood
An Econom- Mrs. W. was a prac
tical soul, and she
ical Wife, came of a family
which through all the
country side was renowned as being
"near." in other words, she came of a
race of people who were the reverse of
generous and in herself she was, it may
be added, the flower of their qualities.
She had an excellent husband, but he
was stricken down with typhoid-uncu
nionia and one morning the physician
in charge announced to the weeping
wife that he could live only a few hours
at most. In her way Mrs. W. was fond
of her husband and she was greatly af
fected by the verdict which announced
her approaching separation- from him.
The scene between her and her hus
baud was affecting in the extreme, and
the nurse, who was present in the back
gronnd, was moved to tears by the
agonized fervor of Mrs. W.s grief.
- "George," the weeping wife said at
last, "what clothes do you want to have
on when— when "
Tears choked her utterance, and her
husband feebly murmured that it did
not matter to him any more how he was
i "Then you won't mind, dearest," she
said between her sobs, "if we put on
your old pants? The new ones haven't
been worn but once, and we can send
them back to the tailor, and no one will
notice what sort of pants you have on
in the cof— cof— coffin."
Dear George was too far gone either
to care what trousers were used lor the
arraying of his remains for the tomb or
to appreciate the perfection of his wife's
economy; he simply moaned and gave
up the ghost, leaving his wife free to
practice any economical device which
should occur to her frugal mind in the
arrangements which followed in doleful
■ A Waste of Here is a clever
woman's comment on
; "■-* Kisses. the manners of women:
Wh" can we not do as
men do, and write to each other only
[when we really have something to say?
[And why must we kiss each other every
time we meet? Kisses are really not
[agreeable greetings to exchange. Very
few people know how to bestow or re
ceive them in a neat and satisfactory
.fashion. A slovenly kiss is a really de
testable article, and makes one dislike
and despise the ; bestower. Of all my
girl friends who kiss me when we meet
there is only one from whose oscillatory
greeting Ido not involuntarily shrink.
Some butt at the kisses with lips made
into a hard ball for the purpose. These
almost give one the toothache.
Others bestow their dewy lips upon
one's cheek in a way that makes the
recipient grope hastily but furtively for
a handkerchief. A third contingent
kiss in a cold and chilling way thatsays
plainly enough: "1 kiss you because 1
suppose you expect it of me." I always
sympathize with these and would gladly
fall ii.to their views. Let us make a
non-kissing compact company, and see
how many of our acquaintances will
join it. The rules would not forbid a
kiss after a long absence, nor would it
interfere with lovers' kisses or anything
of that sort, but only combat the custom
of daily greetings by osculation. I feel
quite sure that woman's friendships
would be firmer and more durable if
they would abandon all such heavy de
mands upon it.
Victimized By There is one pawn
broker in Pittsburg
a Pretty who has registered a
solemn vow that never
Woman. again wiil he do the
gallant for a pretty
woman, even though she be in dire dis
tress. His last experience in that line
cost him $2,000 worth of jewels and a
big row with his wife.
A few days ago a remarkably pretty
girl, richly attired, walked into his store
and said: "I am stranded in the city. I
am an actress and would like to borrow
a little money."
"Certainly," replied the pawnbroker,
smiling; "what security have you got?"
"Oh, 1 forgot," said she, and a deep
crimson suffused her cheeks; "may I
retire a moment?"
The door of a private office was
opened and the beauty entered. She
soon came out and held a jeweler garter
in her hand. It was worth about $50.
A little conversation and the pawn
broker advanced $10. The girl started
to go. She got as far as the door,
turned, and, blushing a very red, said:
"If you please, have you a piece of
string? My— stocking is coming
- He furnished the twine and she again
retired, emerging in a moment. The
door was reached again and again she
turned. "The string's broke," she
mournfully said, "and I can't go out
upon the street. Won't you go next
door and get me a pair of elastic gar
| The unsuspecting pawnbroker took a
dime and entered the nearest dry goods
store. The girls at the counter laughed
at him ai.d as soon as possible he pushed
the garters into his pocket and hurried
back to his store. It was empty and
. about 12,000 worth of diamond rings and
watches had been taken. He forgot the
paper parcel in his pocket and went
home a poorer and wiser man. That
night his wite found the garters in her
husband's pocket. There was a scene
in the household.
His Terrible "No, Alphonse, for
•jo the third and last time,
I Vengeance, no! I can never be
! _- MJr • your wife," said the
, lovely young girl.
■ "And this is your final and irrevoca
ble determination?" asked the suppliant
youth, as he arose and carefully
brushed the knees of his three-dollar
trousers. ■■--■-' '•■.'.
"It is." . -
"Will you never brighten, my lonely
life with your sweet presence?"' - : . <
; "Gwendoline Chartreuse," exclaimed
the youth, as he drew himself np to his
full height \ of four feet ten, "you have
scorned my proffered love - and cast
ignominy upon -the ancient name : of
Blenktnsop, but beware I I will be re
venged!" -■' ~-~ -
: "And pray tell me," said the imperi
ous beauty, as she carelessly pulled to
pieces the.2s-cent bouquet which had
cost Blenkinsop so many weeks of scru
pulous economy, "how you propose to
wreak this terrible vengeonce?"
; "Are you prepared to hear?" ■ . . . .
"Then listen,?.' and. ho cast a glance of. ,
fiendish mockery upon the beautiful
maiden before him, as he thought how
in a few brief moments : that graceful
head would be bowed in shame. "I
shall tell all your other admirers that
you— "„.. :~
"What!"' gasped the trembling girl,
the horrible, crushing, truth suddenly
dawning upon her. "What will you tell
; "That you were born in Chicago 1"
And, with a fiendish shout of demoni
acal laughter, he rushed out into the
LIFE'S SUNNY SIDE.
According to Custom.
"I'm all broke up."
-"Who are you?"
"Don't you know me? I'm a New
• The cold wave must have struck New
York and been sandbagged.
Fancy and Fact.
The poet of fancy; .
Long-haired and debonair,
Broad-browed and passing fair,
Just dashes his lines.
While the muse. Inspiration,
lie brines with rare wines
In a coaxing libation. :
The poet of fact:
Homely and full of biz,
Short-haired and shaven phiz;
- Healthy and tough.
Minus muse, inspiration,
Grinds out his stuff
Without any libation.
And although the poet of fact writes
with a lead pencil and doesn't have his
copy tied with old gold ribbon, he oc
casionally eateth "beef and." while the
poet of fancy is fain to loiter in the
grip-laden outside and inhale the steam.
It's easy enough to raise the wind in
these cyclonic times.
Dr. Mary Walker hasn't told us what
she got in her Christmas stocking — beg
pardon, sock, Come, we're waiting, old
- 1 '■: — —
The Way It Works.
Customer— is this watch worth?
Jewelry Salesman— one? That's
a very handsome watch. Solid gold 18
--carat cases, very heavy, A-l movement,
and warranted to keep perfect time.
We have more deuiaud for that kind of
' "Well, what is it worth
"We are selling that watch at $90, and
there is no profit in it at all. But it is
such an excellent article that it recom
mends our business."
"Ninety dollars is too much money for
me to lay out at once."
"Oh, you want to pay cash?"
"We can let you have that watch for
•910. 1 thought you wanted it on our
- Middy (to Fiji Princess)— lf you will
be mine, fly with me to my country;
your life shall be one round of gaiety
and pleasure. 1 will take you to balls
and parties and — ??:
P. P. — And will I have to dress like
the women in the picture papers you
"Why, certainly. You shall haye — "
Every time I lie down I have
such a pain in my side.
He— You only have tliis pain when
you lie down?
She— That is all.
He— ell that is easily cured.
She — I wish you'd tell me how.
Don't lie down. Sit up.
;w'i All on Account of the Grip.
Retail Druggist (laying down his pa
per)—l don't take any stock in this "na
tional debt, a national blessing" busi
"Suppose you charter a special train
and see the treasury people. Ask them
if they want the national debt paid off.
If they do, tell them I'll attend to the
matter. The government can take its
time to reimburse."
ODD THINGS WE SEE.
A taxidermist of Asheville, N. C,
made a proposal to Richmond parties to
prepare the" body of Jefferson Davis so
as to permit of its use as a statue, guar
anteeing it to last, exposed to the ele
ments, at least 3,000 years.
A kid glove with a little outside
pocket in the palm for the wearer to
keep car fare, is one of the latest de
vices for comfort.
With the czar almost scared to death
by the nihilists, the czarina prostrated
by nervousness, the sultan in daily
dread of the bowstring. Queen Victoria
laid up with rheumatism, the Prince of
Wales fretting over the London scan
dals, Roumanians prince tottering on his
throne, and the infant king of Spain in
the shadow of death, royalty in Europe
is having its share of the ills and tribu
lations or humanity.
A Sunday school in a Pennsylvania
town has been closed. A few weeks
ago a visitor got up and spoke two hours
to the children, and since then the at
tendance has fallen off from 800 to 2,
and it was concluded to close the school
until a fresh installment of children
are ready to take the place of those who
heard the visitor's address.
One woman has made the silk gowns
of the justices of the United States su
preme court for the past forty years,
and she gets 100 for each one of them.
They are all made alike, the only differ
ence being in the material, the chief
justice wearing black Chinese satin,
while his associates are robed in black
silk. The chief justice always wears a
new gown when he swears in a presi
The most novel character at a
masquerade ball held in a Philadelphia
house a few nights ago was that as
sumed by a young lady who personated
"la grippe." Her costume was ot black,
and had painted on it skeletons, pill
boxes, medicine vials and other similar
and appropriate designs.
Prof. Bischoff, the organist of a Con
gregational church in Washington, has
been blind from his childhood. All the
new music that comes out is read to
him by his secretary, one reacting being
sufficient to fix an ordinary piece of
music in bis mind, although an intricate
piece of composition sometimes requires
several readings. He also finds the
graphODhone useful in committing
music to memory or in composing, for
he does considerable original work.
The professor has been for many years
a successful teacher of both vocal and
James Bortz. residing near Macungie,
Perm., one day last week took a pair of
boots to a cobbler for slight repairs. He
stated that he had owned them for nine
teen years, but he had used them only
on Sundays and special occasions.
i Jay Van Vranken, a Schenectady mer
chant, has in his possession a curious
old Dutch Bible, which was published
in the year 1637. The volume is bound
in thick slabs of black oak, covered with
calfskin. About forty years ago the
book mysteriously disappeared from
among the family relics, but some
months ago Mr. Van Vrauken got track
of it, and to-day the old curio is once
more in the proper hands.
— : —
Reception to Empire Statesmen.
Albany. N. V., Jan. 22.— The Fort
Orange club gave its annual reception
to Gov. Hill and the state officers and
the legislators this evenine. About 500
guests, including the judges of the court
of appeals, Judge Arnoux, David Dud
ley Field. William J. Arkell, ex-Senator
Arkell and Col. E. F. Shepherd at
Five Killed by an Explosion.
Edinburgh, Jan. 22.— The powder
mill at Roslyn has exploded." Five men
were killed and many injured.
The Ex-President Is Zealous
in the Cause of Tariff
All Over the Country People
Are Discussing: This Vital
No Danger as to the Destiny
of the Democratic
Cleveland Non-Committal on
the Subject of Leading
It in 1892.
New York, Jan. Morrison Mun
ford, editor of the Kausas City Times,
who is visiting New York, has had an
interesting interview with ex-President
Cleveland. From the account which he
telegraphed his paper to-night the fol
lowing portions of general interest are
taken: "Mr. Cleveland has lost none
of the zeal for tariff reform which in
spired his celebrated message. 'It is a
most gratifying thing to me,' he said,
'that the masses, as well as the leaders
of the party.are taking hold of the tariff
issue with such spirit and evident de
termination to win. Even now, when
there are no elections pending, they are
discussing this question with as much
earnestness as if in the heat of a presi
dential campaign. My letters from
every part of the country show the ex
tent and depth of the agitation. When the
people thinti about a thing thoroughly
and dispassionately they do not fall into
mistakes, and they are now aroused
and making a personal application to
themselves of the effect of undue taxa
tion. So great is the number of letters
1 receive asking my views, requesting
documents and inviting me to attend
meetings and make speeches, that to
give them proper attention is beyond
my power to perform.' A glance at
Mr. Cleveland's desk confirmed this re
mark. His personal mail is probably
larger than that of any private citizen
of the United States, and shows how
TARIFF AGITATION HAS STIRRED
up the country. The effort demanded
in replying to the letters from earnest
and active tariff reformers makes a very \
serious tax on his time. But I remindec
him of the good he was doing, and said
that the enthusiasm with which his
utterances were received was the best
evidence he had had of the temper
of the public as to tariff reform,
notably as to his Boston speech. 'I
was genuinely pleased,' resumed Mi.
Cleveland, 'to find in Boston, among
men who are constitutionally conserva
tive, a degree of earnestness and fervor
beyond that of men engaged in politics.
From my observations there and in New
York, and from my correspondence, I
conclude that the thinking men of the
nation are massed almost solidly on the
side of tariff reform. Whatever may be
our ups and downs, there is no danger
as to the destiny of a party which ab
sorbs the best brains, intelligence and
honesty of the country, and the cause
which draws these elements to its sup
port is sure of ultimate triumph.' I theu
said to Mr. Cleveland that tho Demo
cratic party was already prepar
ing for 1892 and looking forward to
that campaign with expectancy and
confidence, and that the sentiment was
virtually unanimous that he should be
our leader. 'As to that,' he replied,
•it is tho cause, and not personal con
sideration?, that should concern us. I
am so well situated now that, if 1 con
sulted my own feelings, J would prefer
to have some one else take the lead.'
'But,' said I, 'no one elso is thought
of among the Democratic masses.'
'Men who have elements of leadership
develop rapidly, and it is a long time
till 1592,' quickly replied the ex-presi
dent. 'It is
NOT A MATTER OF MEN
but of principles. It would bo a pity
not to carry forward the work which
the party has so grandly inaugurated,
and there ought to be no halt until the
ends aimed at are compassed and the
people are in full possession of the ben
efits and blessings which an accumula
tion ot inequalities, called into existence
by apathy on one side and self-interest
on the other, have diverted from them.
1 rejoice in feeling that the Democratic
party is the repository of the best prin
ciples and purposes, that its ranks teem
with the intelligent young manhood of
the country.and enjoys a complete
monopoly of every American policy not
merely sectional or time-serving.'""
LARGEST A WARD EVER GIVEN
The Northen Pacific M tile ted for
Chicago, Jan. 22.— The jury in the
United States circuit court to-day
awarded Henry Bush damages of
840,000 in his suit against the
Northern Pacific Railroad company.
In October, ISBB, Bush was fireman on
a construction train in Idaho which
was run into and wrecked by a wild
train. Bush was so badly injured he
lost use of his legs completely. He
charged negligence on the part of the
division superintendent in not notifying
him the extra was on the road. "The
award is the largest ever given in the
OUT FOR THE STUFF.
A Maryland Statesman Wants the
Civil Service Law Repealed.
Annapolis, Md., Jan. 22.— Rich
ardson, of Harford county, to-day intro
duced in the house of delegates a joint
resolution requesting the senators and
representatives from Maryland in cou
gress to vote for the repeal of that "ob
noxious, unconstitutional, undemo
cratic and unrepublican measure known
as the so called civil service law. which
strikes at the fundamental principles of
free government, and which disfran
chises three-fourths of the American
people from the rights of holding
public office." -The resolution was
greeted with applause, but was
not acted upon, the rule requiring its
reference to a committee.
A CHANCE SMILE.
A lecturer is out with the subject,
"The Coming Man and What We Owe
Him." The coming man is the collector,
and he is after what people owe him.—
New Orleans Picayune.
Rob— dad's a 'squire and gits his
name in the paper every day. Tom
(contemptuously)— That's nuthin'. My
dad took Jink's liver pills and got his
picter in the Pittsburg Bulle
Jimmy— is magnanimity, papa?
Binks — Magnanimity, my son. is giving
a dead villain a glowing ooituary notice
and picking the life of a deceased hero
to — Lawrence American.
We All Know the Effect.—"! see your
engagement with Miss Borrowit,of Chi
cago,^ off." "Yes. All the fault of
my Kodak. I took Miss B. : portrait,
and— well, her foot was unpleasantly
near the camera."— Time.
"I hope you will not buy whisky with
that," said the charitable gentleman, as
he gave the beggar a 5-cent piece. "No,
sir; I will not," replied the poor man.
"I do not drink nickel whisky.'" — New
York Sun. --. .-.....,; -
. Orderly Sergeant— What! You want
leave of absence again so soon? In the
hole Trojan war there is not one sin
gle record of a soldier's asking leave of
absence. - and that - lasted ten whole
years.— Fliecende Blatter. ir:.'
"Here's something interesting,", said '
the exchange editor to the paragraphic
serf. "They hung a newspaper man
nut West for something lie : wrote."
'•Well," said the p. s.. wearily, "he hail j
the satisfaction of getting the noose, ex
Bingley: llow well Cads tar and Sappy
get along together now. They used to)
be at loggerheads, but now there seema'
to be an understanding between them.
Miss Hauteur: Yes; I never supposed
they had more than one altogether.-*
ODD THINGS IN LIFE.
It is announced that the negroes of
Georgia who twenty-five years ago were
slaves now possess $20,000,000 worth of
The completion of the longest tele
phonic line in Europe was recently an
nounced. The wires stretch from I'esth
to Prague, a distance of at least GOO
The prices of camphor and gum
promise to rise. The German govern
ment is making gigantic purchases of
these articles for the manufacture of
A Lansing, MJCa., man made his wife
happy on Christmas by giving her a
billiard table, but the good woman was
enough for him. She hunted up the
handsomest tea set in Michigan and
made a present of it to her husband.
The "right whale" is the most vicious
of all the whalebone whales, and at
times fights desperately for its life. The
finbacks were very rarely captured be
fore the invention of the bomb lance, as
they ran so fast boats could not stand
Near Santa Rosa, Cal., Is a well from
which, it is said, in drawing water,
thousands of eyeless fish, fiom half an.
inch to six inches in length, have been
taken out. Occasionally the bucket is
drawn up half full of fish. No subter
ranean inlet to the well has yet been
To enter a jewelry store, ask the pro
prietor for writing materials, and then
do business with his safe, is the latest
fad of the Roxbury, Mass., burglar. Of
course tho obliging jeweler has to go to
the back part of iiis store for his station
ery for this combination on the safe to
work. . '
The value of labor on a pound of cruda
steel, when forged, refined, tempered
and made into watch springs, has fig
ured prominently in many public
speeches. Reminiscences ol the lato
Judge Kelly show that he elaborated
the whole subject in a speech at Chel
sea, Mass., more than sixty years ago.
An actress in Germany has actually
had the courage to celebrate the seven
ty-fifth anniversary of her first appear
ance on the stage. Frau Louise Schmidt,
of the Royal Court theater, in Stuttgart,
has appeared consecutively at this
house ever since her debut at the age of
nine until the present time.
At Dennison, Tex.. Mr. and Mrs.
Obeistrom celebrated their seventy,
fifth anniversary of married life. They
have seventeen children living 1 who
were present on the occasion. The old
est. William. is seventy years of age,
and from Omaha, Neb. Mr. and Mrs.
Obeistrom are aged respectively ninety
one and ninety-four. They are believed
to be the oldest married couple in tho
At San Diego last summer one market
gunner killed 12,000 quail, to accomplish
which he fired 18,000 times. This is a
large number to fall to one gun, and
rather puts to shame the boasted record
of Eastern gunners, whose occasional
total of 300 or 400 birds during the open
season never fails to oe recorded by the
rural newspaper. The California rec
ord is not noted as an exceptional oae.
Three enterprising Now York boys .
have started an illustrated story paper
in aid of the Washington memorial arch
The mikado of Japan has . had con
structed line of telephone between
Yokohama and Striznoka. a distance of
about 100 miles. "It is the first tele
phone applied to the public service in
Japan, and has so far been completely
An audience in an Indian village in i
Michigan, becoming disgusted at the -
tameness of a theatrical performance, v
chased actors out of the theater and :
organized a dance. The orchestra, who
were not a little scared, consented,
without any coaxing, to provide tho
OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Suggestions by One of the County
A. E. Engstrom, superintendent or
schools in Goodhue county, writes the
Globe a letter, in which he makes the
following points on the schools:
First — wo can never expect to
get a large proportion of our common
school teachers from the normal
Second— we will have to depend
principally upon our city and village
schools for the same.
Third — That these schools as now con- ;
ducted do not as a rule aim at giving
their students the preparation needed
, for common school teaching.
Fourth— That our high schools make
a specialty of fitting for college rather
than for teaching, although many times
as many of their graduates teach as go
Fifth— That two of the essential and
indispensible qualifications of a com
mon school teacher are (a) a thorough
mastery of the common branches; (b)~n
knowledge of how these branches are
now being taught by our best teachers.
This knowledge could be gained by ob- -
servation of how work is done in good
schools, and by practice teaching under
the guidance of good teachers. If to
these be added the study ot some ele- .
mentary books on teaching, like
"White's Elements of Pedagogy," so
much the better.
Sixth— There is not a village or city ;
school of two rooms or more in which
all this preparation could not be given,
providing the teachers themselves were
professionally prepared and comoetentr
Seventh lf country school teachers
could prepare themselves for their work
in their nearest village school, we could
soon demand of teachers as a prerequi
site to obtaining a certificate that they :
had so prepared themselves.
The state is now offering certain
schools in the state $400 per year as an
inducement to do college preparatory
work. In view of the great need of bet
ter facilities for preparing teachers for
common schools, would it not be well
for the state also to offer special finan
cial inducements to schools to do tins
In conclusion I wish to say that I am
and have always been friendly to tho
normal schools. The plan here given
cannot be construed as unfriendly to
said schools, but the opposite. It would
raise the standard of the normal schools
by creating a demand, not for partially,
but for fully prepared normal teachers.
These thoroughly prepared normal
teachers, in the city and village schools
would help those that cannot afford to
go away to take a normal course, would
multiply the forces of the normal
schools and extend their beneficent in
fluences into every country school.
AFTER A DANCE.
lie (diffidently) :
Not since last year I So glad again to find
I've often thought of— this sweet place—
'.. and you,
I wish 1 dare of your last words remind you—
She (languidly) : Yes, most boys do!
He (excitedly) :
"Auf Wiederschen," ere caprice bereft me.
"Boy I" Aye, in years, but firm in iaau
hood sot: .<
I would have banked on hopes your deep '
eyes left me.
She (calmly): Most fools bet!
: : : > •' He (reproachfully) :
How cruel I I have marked your every Mo
tion, . •••■.:
Have caught your least light smile at night.
I think;* .
. Drank in each glance find grace with fresh
: She (demurely) : Yes, most men drink 1
Sweetheart, for one brief moment let me fold
you, : : . • ■"'-■-■
O And on your fair, false lips a last kiss eel;
And then tnese eyes shall never more behold
you — ...... ... ■ . . .
She (softly); Don't go— yet 1 :
—John Moran in Life.
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