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THE DAILY GLOBE
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WASHINGTON, Dee. 18.— Wisconsin,
Hl iuuesota^Xorth and South Daioia: Warm
er; fair; east to south winds.
For Iowa : Fair ; southerly winds: warmer,
except in Western Nebraska colder.
gene;; a i. OBSERVATIONS.
— * Jr £3 fed'
i?i'it «2. 3*
5 a g§ sg. go
Place of g- IS Place of g~ | S
Obs-vatiou go g-] Obs'vation |» s a
IS" 7 | "5
p : ? j_ ]_s
st Paul.... 30.28 3G : Helena...-. 30.04 30
Dulnth... >.;is ;>j Ft. Totten ...
LaCrosse.. H0. 34 30 Ft. Sully .. 30.10 3S
Huron 30.10 Minuedosa!3O.l£ 16
}loorhead. l3o.2o 30 Calgary ... 29.64 30
St. Vinceut'3i).2G 3:»; Edmonton
Bismarck . 30:<:8 34: Q'Appelle. 9.92 28
FLBuford. -J9.95 32 Med'e Hat. 29.6:? 1-
Ft. Cußter.l3O.O2 3S Winnipeg 30.-0! -0
For St. Paul, Minneapolis and vicinity:
Warmer, fair weather.
P. F. Lyons. Observer.
THE STORY OF A DAY.
A Chicago furniture man steals §12,000.
Horton is on the stand all day iv his trial.
Senators continue to pound away at the
The G. A. R. is to celebrate its twenty-fifth
Colemau McDonough is killed by a Bur
lington freight car.
Fargo citizens insist that there is no des
titution in Dickey county.
Two members of the firm of S. A. Kean &
Co.. Chicago bankers, are arrested.
The Shakopee triple tragedy proves to
have been a cold-blooded murder.
The supreme court of South Dakota
decides against original packages.
Cleveland poiice break up a prize fight
after it has continued three hours.
The body of an infant clothed in plaster
paris Is found undera Minneapolis church.
The Vermont legislature can hardly
have observed closely or respected the
judicial deliveries in reference to- the
oleomargarine question in this state.
That body has put on its statute books
an act that will evidently fail to pass
the courts. It prohibits the manufacture
of "any article in imitation of or sem
blance of natural butter or cheese," un
less colored pink. All the public eating
houses in the state that use oleomar
garine must have the pink. variety and
r.6 other. It will probably be held that
pink is an unnatural distinction, and
calculated to repulse those who would
become absorbents of oleo. . There is
probably no more objection to pink on
grounds of healthfuluess than to the
anatto so much used by buttermak
ers in the East to give it the rich
golden color that makes it attract
ive in market; but it shows that it is
artificially colored and virtually destroys
its commercial value. Butter makers
would not find a pressing demand for
their product if it we^te colored green, or
even pink, whatever the assurance that
the coloring matter was harmless. The
courts have sustained the requirement
that oleomargarine shall have no de
ceptive alias or attempt to disguise itself
as the lacteal deduction. They are not
likely to go beyond that, unless it is
shown that "sanitary considerations are
involved. Butter has little to fear from
the undisguised intruder. Those who
fancy the concoction will no doubt
possess the right to gratify their absurd
notion, but the law can protect from im
position, and should be made very strin;
The shocking report has srone to the
centers of. culture, refinement, and out
in the East, that one of the governors
just elected in a Northwestern' state re
fuses to eat pie with the unaided fork.
The damaging character of the imputa
tion may not be fully realized, but it is
understood to convey the impression to
the esthetic ears that Sitting Bull's
dominion before his translation was
quite homogeneous with the civilization
of that state. Whether it is calculated
to deter capital from venturing to such
a qausi-barbarous region, or to induce
the 400 to send their models and philan
thropists to teach and elevate, is not
definitely understood. The disturbing
fact is that the name of the unfortunate
state is not given, and it is possible that
many may be so meagerly informed as
not to know that it could* not be Minne
sota, Such ignorance seems absurd, in
face of the elaborate and multifarious
refinement that environs and possesses
the executive head of this abode of the
highest civilization: but it may obtain
and be harmful. Te obviate such peril,
it might be expedient to secure a por
traiture from festive and tabular life,
with biographical suggestion. There
is, it is assumed, however, no occasion
for legislative action. It is probable
that Kansas or Wyoming is the offensive
scene. It is not difficult for many to re
member when the fork had. but two
tines, and bad but a minor duty as
signed it at tables. It is now the index
A NEEDED REFORM.
One of the measures likely to be ef
fected by the Democrats in the, next
congress will probably bo a revision of
the methods of obtaining pensions iv
the interest of the veterans. Secretary
.Noble has inaugurated a war upon the
claim agents, but they are too strong in
this congress for any effective action.
If it is true, as stated by Corporal Tax-
OTEB and the other agents, that the
claimants will be at a disadvantage with
out an attorney, it shows that the bureau
is not operated exclusively in the mi
i terest of the pensioners. They insist
that the advantage of the attorney is in
prodding the officials to action, and to
explain the various , statutes to them.
There has been a great variety of pension
enactments, and there is no doubt some
- complication. The need, then, is for a
congressional commission to overhaul
" the whole business. The acts should
be codified and brought into a system
that . a person" of 1 average" intelligence
could understand. It should be distinct
ly st't forth just what are the require- 1
ments for ouch class of pension, and
the applicant need have uo difficulty
in tilling the answers to tho questions
upon the blanks afforded by tho depart
ment. This commission should be
n capable and efficient one, and em
powered to investigate thoroughly
and devise effective means for sifting
out the frauds. Tho deservlug should
be protected in their rights to all that
the law provides for them.
The discussion going ou relative to i
minority representation In the legisla
ture is leading to various suggestions
and opinions in regard to ehauges in the
electoral machinery. Tho popular ver
dict upon ballot reform is so emphatic
and unanimous that any legislature that
fails to adopt some phase or the Austra
lian >yetem this winter will be apt to
have a controversy with its eonstitu
i?. A good deal of attention is being
mi a related measure to the minority
erne that was at one time strongiy
ed by Senator Bi ckai.kw, of Penn
rania. It is the selection of repre
tatives by quotas, or in proportion to
the vote. It seems simple and readily
comprehended, but has not been put
in operation in any locality in this
country, although its advocates
have been among the intelligent
and somewhat active. The theory
is that every ratio of constituency is en
titled to a member. If the legislature, |
i instance, is composed of 100 mem
s, each loath part of the constituency
entitled to a member. With 100,000
is each 1,000 is, of course, a repre
tative ratio. In St. Paul, for illus- |
ion, if the Democrats have 13,000
ss, the Republicans 10,000, the Alli
e 3,000. and the Prohibitionists 1,000,
the 27 members would comprise 13 Dem
lats. 10 Republicans, :> Alliance, and !
Prohibitionist. That is all plain
nigh, but the part that puzzles most
>ple is in the application. They are
v to see how the assignment of rep
entation can %c made to the parties
ore the votes are cast. The plan is
each party to nominate names
enough to cover all its possi
t strength, and when the votes
cast find the quotas each
entitled to by dividing the
I vote by the number of representa
ito be elected. When either party
more candidates than it has quotas,
those who have the highest vote or are
fust named on the ticket may be tho
elected; or the voter may designate by
numbers ou the ballot his first prefer
ences. The smaller parties would usu
aliy have to show pretty nearly a ratio
in order to secure a member in the
disposition of fractions. The scheme
has much 111 it that is calculated to at
tract favorable attention, as it seems to
give all parties an equitable showing.
Those who ha»re figured out its possi
bilities insist that there is no practical
difficulty in its operation, and that the
average election judge is quite able to
work out the mathematical problem in-
A POLITICAL CHART.
There is no aggravating purpose in the
continuance of the New Yoik World to
afford its Republican readers diagrams
of the political complexion of the coun
try as shown by the November voting.
Its emotions over the exuberance of the
popular sentiment, and perhaps its de
votion to the political fortunes of Mr.
Cleveland, may be among its incite
ments. The political chart of 1890 it
produces is striking in the extent of its
contrasts. The states carried by the
Democrats appear in the purest white,
whilefthe Republican states take on the
most unqualified ebony hue. Fortu
nately for the artistic effect, the latter
occupy but a meager portion of the
chart. The congressional vote is
taken as involving the national issue 3.
Aside from the darkness afforded
by Ohio and Pennsylvania, the white
covers about all the main parts of the
country. The politically somber states
are the small patches on the borders,
such as Maine, \ ermont, Nevada, Wy
oming and others. From Canada to the
gulf there is no break to the whiteness.
But thirteen out, of the forty-four
states are conceded to the Republicans,
and one-half of these have but one or
two members of congress. This must
be discouraging to Republicans, and
they can with some reason iusistupon a
more doubtful coloring on a portion.
There are several states, like Kansas,
Nebraska and Minnesota, that did not
show up very well for the Republicans
and gave the Democrats some of tha
pickings that they were unaccustumed
to, but the assignment of these states
to the Democratic list is at least
premature. They have shaken loose
••from the Republicans," and may go
with the big crowd for the Democrats
in 1592. but it is not quite candid to
claim them on the strength of the late
voting. In each of them the Democrats
had fewer votes on their state ticket
than in ISSS. In this state 20,003 Demo
crats went to the Alliance with the
40,000 Republicans. In Kansas the
Democrats lost about Half of their
largest vote. In Nebraska they
took the governor on a trifle over a
third of the vote. These three states are
more likely to be taken by the Alliance
in 189:2 than by either of the other par
ties, presuming that the farmers 1 party
goes into national politics and does not
lose its scrip. The Alliance voters are
likely to find most of their practicable
objects in the Democratic programme.
A FORTUNATE CITY.
Cleveland, 0., has recently had the
good fortune to be remembered in the
bequests of one of its wealthy citizens
who passed away. Horace Kelley
provided for jlie establishment of a
magnificent art museum, for which lie
left ?000,000, to be enlarged by the lib
erality of other public-spirited citizens.
Already others are said to have rounded
the figures up to 8800.000, and that city
expects to have the finest art museum
west of New York. The work is to be
inaugurated as rapidly as possible. This
is the kind of a monument oue who has
the best material in his moral and men
tal constitution naturally seeks. In one
point Carxegie has done still better.
He has while living given over 81,000,
--000 for public libraries in the United
States and Great Britain. He has with
rare felicity of sentiment pronounced it
the duty of wealthy men to return a por
tion of their possessions to the com
munity in which they have been able to
grow rich by the accessories afforded.
Wllili BOYCOTT THE3I.
The Dcs Moines Register is the Re
publican organ that has usually dictated
its party routes in lowa, and Clarkson
is still its oracle. Recently it is engaged
upon the effort to throw tiie editor
of the C'hicaffo Tribune over the party
breastworks. It speaks of him as "Old
Joe," the "blueipeiicil bullhead of the
Chicago Tribune," a "strong man in his
dotage," who "has discarded Republi
canism, and is seeking to gain leader
ship in the Democratic party." This is
all on account of the "free trade poli
cies" of the Chicago paper. The Trib
une is one of the Republican papers
that teaches Democratic doctrines be
tween times and at. the elections shouts
formen who will vote against them.From
the standpoint of the Republican pial
form, the lowa Daper has the vantage.
THE SAINT PAUL BAILS' GLOBE: FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 189 c.
and has a right to denounce them as in
consistent and a greater damage to the
party than if they voted as they preach.
Still, it does not look like a favorable
time to boycott tariff reform advo
cates iv lowa.
A POPULAR POL.ICY.
It is stated by a prominent congress
man from Michigan that his state will
follow the example of Illinois and allow
the people to have a directing voice in
the selection of the senator. It Is be
lieved this will, in early time, become
the common practice, and the excep
tions will bo in cases of state con
ventions that do not name the choice of
the party. The objection that state
conventions can be manipulated as well
as legislatures is not found to be quite
tenable. They are much larger bodies,
and the membership will usually be In
structed by the primary bodies, as was
the case with the Democrats in Illinois.
The practice so common of late of send
ing millionaires to the senate would be
broken into. As the millionaires are
not often Democrats, this policy will be
popular with them, as well as the farm -
There was little reason to doubt the
passage of the apportionment bill in the
house, but it was not anticipated that
its success would be so speedy. The
opposition to it was but formal, and due
to the effects of the census, mainly in
New York. However tr reat they may
be, under the circumstances, it would
not be admissible to defer the appor
tionment. It would have been a gra
cious and reasonable concession to give
New York city an additional congress
man, to which it is clearly entitled, but
it is not of so much importance as to at
tempt to defeat the bill on that account.
There is no doubt that the senate will
pass the bill at an early day, and the
state legislatures will nearly all be able
to make the state apportionments this
winter. This will allow Minnesota to
have its full seven at the next election.
TOO GREAT A SUPPLY.
It is somewhat tauntingly thrown up
now by some of the McKixley sup
porters that the extension of time for
the payment of the duties on the goods
run into the custom houses before the
operation of the new tariff is asked for
to prevent a fall in the prices of woolen
goods and clothing. The advance looked
for stimulated home production and
brought in increased stock from abroad,
glutting the market. The home manu
facturers have joined in the petition of
the importers that the time for the pay
ment of duties.be extended, as a break
in the market would be caused by throw
ing these importations on to it while
they are already overloaded. A supply
in excess of consumption and -demand
usually brings down the market prices
of products. The McKin"iey act is the
source of the trouble.
Two notable editors. Charles A. Dana, of
New York, and Joseph Mkdill, are being
pressed for the United States senate. The
New York Herald is Dana's groodi, and it •
covers him with verbal sweetness, and holds
up constantly Dana's ■ adage, "Never print a
paid advertisement as news matter." Medill
has still more valuable support, as it comes
from a member-elect of the legislature, who
pledges himself to rally for Medill solidly
ana singly for many a ballot. He was elected
on the Republican ticket, but opposed by the
Tribune, which now denounces him in the
most venomous manner. It is feared that the
press will not be honored by the elevation of
either of these gentlemen.
The recent attack of Uncle Jeriiy Rusk
upon trusts in general, and one that hits the
farmers in particular, has perhaps been
jealously thought to be in the line of his
alleged presidential boom. To dissipate its
effect, the malicious story is being sent out
that the agricultural statesman has fitted up
an elegant bath room and barber attachment
in his quarters, and is shaved and' laved
regularly by those paid by . the government.
There is no protection for good men now.
The Illinois grangers have resolved in .
favor of a statute requiring the supreme
court "to pass upon every new law and de
fine its meaning with such clearness as to
make it plain to the average scholar." That .
average individual will need a lawyer to' ex
plain the delivery of the court.
The house has been somewhat liberal in :
authorizing public buildings in cities, but
-few of them are getting any money appro-,
priated. It seems to be the aim to leave the
money part to the Democratic congress, when
a "barren ideality" is likely to possess the
The chestnut as to whether the millionaire
Brice, who has been elected senator from
Ohio, is a resident of that state or New York,
is revived and pressed as if there were some
thing in it. The senator ought to be able to
: remember, even if the census man did blun
The Nebraska legislature is expected lo ap
propriate Sl *>oO for the benefit of the ex
hibit of that state at the Chicago fair. It is .
urged that, as the opportunity comes bat once
in 400 years, it should be made the most of.
A white man in Kentucky has been sent
to the penitentiary for life for killing col
ored people twenty-two years : ago. That
looks like equal privileges for the races, as
well as a dangerously long memory.
i^i — — — ' ' * ;
A great increase of deaths in Boston the
past few weeks has been attributed to the
very cold weather. The north western zephyrs
do not seem to get so far east this winter.
m — — ' ... :■:"
In Indiana a wife ; murderer has been
sentenced for ninety years. This was a com
promise with those who insisted on making
the time lor life.
It is easier to convert the Sioux to Chris
tian sects that use the least water externally.
The aborigine dislikes to risk catching cold
. Jay Gould says money will be a drug in
the market after Jan. 1. There is a prevalent
willingness to be drugged in that way. -
King Kalakaua is quiet since the puffing
at his arrival. Perhaps he has full hands.
The winter . heir is nearly always a
little squally.— New York Herald. ■' .
"A stitch in the side" makes one feel .
sew badly.— New York Herald.
She— What do you suppose has taken
all the color out of her cheeks?
He— husband's nose, 1 should
think.— Muusey's Weekly.
Mr. Wickwire— This is Koine to be a
cold winter. : 1 feel it in my bones.
Mrs. Wickwire— the tirsr time
I knew you believed in the goosebone
theory. — Journal. '
Tomdik (who is reading the newspa
pep)-—A distinguished poet recently
wrote a long poem on an empty stomach.
Mrs. Tomdik — What an uninviting
tneme!— Chicago Inter-Ocean.
Mr. D. -P. Works (Christmas eve)—
Well, 1 eot the sack, after all.
• Mrs. Works— Oh, you dear! Did you
get the sealskin or the other? ,-
Mr. Works— l got the other— the sack
—the bounce— the discharge! I've got
no job— understand?— Christmas Puck.
"Oh, sir!" gasped a boy who ran up
to a policeman on Gratiot avenue,
"there is an awful light going on over
here on St. Alibi nl"
"My father and another, man."
"How long have they been at it?"
"Oh, halt an hour."
"But why didn't you come before?"
"Why, because dad was getting the
best of it."— Detroit Free Press. .
■ MAIDENLY GKATITCDE. . • • -
Her stocking was lilled from toe to top
' .When she r"se «'.'i Christnias morn : . S ..■■"
And, mbnclslng the sweets, she blessed the
■ / stars , --.'-'-, - .
That slit whs C'hicugo-born,
— New York Sun.
GLOBE TOWER SHOTS.
. Even the Lie Indians have sized up the •
. present Republican administration. ? They
bitterly donounco it as ''heap big liar."
# • *
"God Almighty mado me," said Sitting
Bull a few. months previous to the tragedy
of his death. Undoubtedly this is true, and'
God Almighty" also gave' him. the right to
dance so long as the dancing inonaccd ' no"
otII to the right*) of others. Hut God never
gavo - Indian agents the right to rob ■ their
charges, to starve , the wards of the govern
ment mid to loot the treasury of the United;
States. . Public opinion joins tho voice . of
Senator Voorhees in demanding a (searching.'
investigation of this whole wretched Indian:
trouble. Go to the very : tap root of this
deadly upas tree of Republican Indian nils
management. ■ • *-"
• * • .'.■ ■ '
Pom Pedro's throne was recently sold at
auction in Kioile Janeiro for 810.). Ap- (
parently the bottom has dropped completely
out of the throne murker.
The enthusiasm of the Alliance for Me-,.
Kiniey's farmers' tariff bill is of the kind de- .
scribed as an aggregation of brilliant flashes',
of silence. .'."
"' • *
' Go to' thy "uncle," thou sluggard; con
sider his finances, spout your watch and buy
her a Christmas gift. B&2§
Bill Nyo is doing much unnecessary wor
rying over the alleged convivial habits of
James tt'tntcomb ' Kiley. Mr. Riley sue- .
ceeded In doing his share toward amusing
audiences, and it yet remains an open ques
tiou whether his numbers on the programme
were not lully as effective as those of ; Mr.
God bless you, merry gentlemen,
Slay nothing you dismay —
Though Christmas comes on Thursday,
- Before yon draw your pay. : C :..-
Candidates for admission into the Grand
Army of Alleged TascotUwill please have
their teeth plugged with gold instead of zinc. :
Editor Charles A. Dana is not quite ready
: step down into the United Slates senate.
; A former reporter on the New York World
has been sent down into the business office
and given a dest. -. In other words, Mr. Pulit
zer has let him in on the ground Hour. . .
•-. * » « '■■'"•"'";-•"<
So far, Dr. Harrison has ' advanced no co
gent reasons for his penchant for the force
bill. But lie wants it just as a cat wants hot .
soup— until it gets a taste of it. .
* * •
What with. ex-Gov. Forakcr . booming
Blame in New York, Chopper Clarkson
booming Gen. Miles in the West and nobody
booming Dr. Harrison, the Republican party
is as bndly rattled as the Irish home rulers.
. Irish Envoy— Can you not contribute some
thing to the cause of home rule?
American Citizen— l can.
Irish Envoy— How much?- -
• "American Citizen— Fifty dollars' worth of'
arnica and court plaster.
* * *
\''- Editor Dana, purist though he is, should
be given six months for having injected the
word "jobbernowl" into the English lan :
TALK OF THE DAY.
; Do the doctors take a vacation in the
summer because it is a healthy season,,
or is it a. healthy season because they
take a vacation'. I—Fiiegende1 — Fiiegende Blatter. f./?;
The man who does not agree with yon
may be a very good fellow on general
principles, but his opinions, you know,
are : beneath contempt. — Somerville :
Journal. -- mj
- Mrs. Nextdoor— "Where's your hus- 1
band?" Mrs. Athome— "Down cellar,
inoculating the gas meter. 'He says its
consumption of gas is something awful."
A Useful Man— E litor Great Daily—
"I want a good, strong editorial on the
tariff for to-morrow. I think you can
write it." New man (promptly) — "Yes, 7
"sir. Which side?"— Life. •~ ; - : ; ~ ? " | -
A Logical Outcome— Sou— Father, I
am twenty-one, and 1 want a silk hat.
Father— you haven't a dress suit yet.
Son — No; but I would have to have
one if I had a silk- r hat.— Clothier and
"Perhaps, papa," said the financier's
daughter, "you would like to read some
thing nice. Here is a volume of select
quotations." "Great heavens!" ex
claimed the old man, wearily, "can I
never get away from business."—Wash
ington Post. j ,
Sanso (looking down the road)— An
elopement, eh? (to. girl's father) Hello,
old man! Are you trying to catch the
young couple? Old man (rushing for
waro) — want to give 'em my
blessing. — Weekly.
"Charlie is learning to play the cor
net," said young Mrs. Tocker. - "How
do you know?" "I heard him tell Jack
Dashton he had -been on a little toot. 1
think it is so considerate of him not to
practice around the -Washing
:. ■'" Times Changes. -Brown— "So you
could never understand a woman?"
Cobwieger— "No. Before marriage I
occupied my time in making myself
out worse than 1 was; now it takes
every minute of my time to myself out
better than I am."— Epoch.
YOU SHOULD* KNOW THAT
Iron horseshoes were made in 481.
Light moves 102,000 miles a second.
The first steamer crossed the Atlantic
Kerosene was first used for illuminat
ing in 1826;
Cork is the bark taken from a species
of oak tree.
Electricity moves at titrate of 288,000
miles a second.
The term "almighty dollar" origina
ted will) Washington bring*
Egyptian pottery is the oldest known,
and dates from 2.000 B. C.
Slavery in the United States was be- j
gun at Jamestown in 1620.
Soap was first manufactured in Eng
land in the sixteenth century.
Forty-three popes reigned during the
building of St. Peter's cathedral.
The first lire insurance office in
America was established in Boston in
It was once upon a time considered :a
test of orthodoxy to eat mince pies.
It would take a freight train contain
ing thirty-five cars to transport ?1,000,
--000 in pennies.
It is said that the Alexandrian library
contained 400,000 vabuable books 41
The most ancient catacombs were
those of the Shebau kings, began 4,000
The first sugar cane cultivated in the
United States was near New Orleans in
Postage stamps first came into use in
England in 1840, and in the United
States in 1847.
The first public schools in America
were established in the New England
states about 1642.
The first cotton raised in the United
States was in Virginia in 10:21, and tl>e
first exported was in 1747.
A Christmas entertainment in 1633,
cotten up by Lincoln's Inn and Gray's
Inn, cost these two societies £20,000.
Mrs. Mattie Wooten, of Viola, Term.,
has a quilt containing 3,163 pieces, no
two piece.s of which are alike.
Glass was made in Egypt 3,000 B. C.
but the earliest date of transparent
glass is said to have been 719 B. C.
Xew York Herald.
For Scholars— Heed bird.
For High Protectionists— Quai.*
For the Dear Girls— Duck.
For the Dudes— Squab.
For Actors — Crane.
For Newsboys— Snipe.
Foi Burglars— Robin.
For Wall Street Speculators— Blue
For Typewriters— Teal.
For Treasury Employes— Eagle.
BEAR BAITING VOTERS
Annoyance to the Feople the
Force's Bill's Only Vir
It Simply Proposes to Thrust
Aside All State Au
Sharp Rally in the House on
the Merchant Marine
Pension Raum Nestles Safely
Under the Wings of Par
Washington, Dec. 18.— In the senate
to-day the elections bill was taken up,
aud Mr. Coke addressed the senate in
opposition to it.
Mr. Coke said it proposed to thrust
rudely aside the state authorities, which
had for a century controlled elections,
and to substitute for them an army of
partisan supervisors and deputy mar
shals who are to direct and control the
registration and counting of votes, and
partisan returning boards to do ihe
counting and certification of the result.
Of course the bill involved the conclu
sion that the people of the several states
were, for some reason, unfit to be trusted
to hold, in their own way, elections
tor their representatives iv congress,
as they had always heretofore been
doing against the bill as a whole and in
all its details, and especially against its
libelous reflection on the capacity of
the people of the states for self-govern
ment and its audacious assumption that
all the honesty, virtue and intelligence
found iv the country were possessed
by federal officials, he entered
His most Earnest Protest.
Democratic senators, Mr. Coke said,
proposed to have a full and free discus
sion of the bill, to the end that the
American people shall be informed of
the startling and radical departure
proposed to be inaugurated in the char
acter of the government. If the dic
tates of a political faction that hap
pened to hold possession of all the de
partments of the government 'formu
lated in secret caucus) were to
be registered in the statute book
without debate, without examination;
if the rules, usages and methods of pro
ceedure that for 100 years had obtained
iv the senate were to be overthrown,
and if neither house of congress was to
be any lousier a deliberative body, it
was, at least, proper that the fact be
proclaimed so that the people might be
made aware of the purpose and might
pass judgment on the political party re
sponsible for it.
Mr. Culloin addressed the senate. He
accepted the bill as the best that could
be framed to meet the evils complained
of; with the understanding that he
should favor such amendments as might
be offered and might meet his ap
probat on. 'Ihe bill, he said, had
been opposed on the other side
of the chamber, notably by Mr.
Gray and Mr. George, on the ground
that the general government had no
right, under the constitution, to control
and mauasc the election of representa
tives to congress in the states. But in
that objection there was, Mr. Cullom
asserted, no virtue. The duty was im
posed upou it by the constitution, and
Results of Ihe War,
to protect the negro of the South in his
right to cast a free ballot, and to have a
fair count; in his right to exercise,
without fear of violence.and undeterred
by threats of any kind, all the political
rights of American citizens.
Mr. Bate, as a lover of individual lib
erty, opposed the bill. He opposed it
because" he believed it to strike at the
freedom of the ballot, and tended to
breed disturbance and to destroy the
peace and quiet of society. It was a
usurper of the rights of states and of
men. It was a promoter of central
power in the federal government, at the
expense of the rights of the states, if
not of their autonomy. It was sec
tional, and struck at the South. He
believed it to be the most prominent
of the many fingerboards on the politi
cal highway that pointed to empire.
Such legislation in a republican
government was, at all times, dan
gerous and vicious, and was espe
cially so at the present time.lf he might
employ the language of the Declaration
of Independence against the British
king, he would say of the bill that it
proposed to "erect a multitude of new
offices and to send swarms of officers to
harass the people." Its enactment
would establish a system of espiouase
against which the sancitity ot the home
would afford no protection.
At 4:20, at the suggestion of Mr. Gor
man that Mr. Bate would prefer not to
finish his speech this evening, the elec
tion bill was laid aside informally.
A SHARP RALLY.
Brisk Discussion in the House on
Our Merchant Marine.
Washington. Dec. 18.— In the bouse
Mr. Farquhpr, New York, as chairman of
the committee on merchant marine and
fisheries, moved that the house go into
: committee of : the whole for the ' con
sideration of the senate bill to piace the
American marine engaged in the foreign
trade on an equality with that of other
I nations, with the house substitute
therefor. A contention (started by Mr.
Springer, of illionis, and ; Blount, of
Georgia): arose as to whether Mr. Far
liar had the authorization of his
• committee to , make this , motion. '■;■ Mr.
Springer and Mr. Fithian, of Illinois,
positively denied that such author
ization had been ; : granted and the
latter gentleman called for a reading of
t,he . minutes of . the committee. , Mr.
■farquhar was proceeding to read the
pfnutes when" he was interrupted by
he speaker," who held that the reading
; <of the minutes of a committee was not
qfa order. The sneaker would, ' how
ever, recognize the gentleman from
New York as the spokesman of his
■^committee to state the facts or the mat
£•»-.• Reed Makes anError.
m Mr. Farquhar thereupon recited the
faction of the committee, but the state
ment was not. satisfactory to the speak
er, ; ho decided that the gentleman had
not received sufficient authority from
his committee to make the motion.
There was some manifestation from the
Democratic side at this .decision, but it
'was promptly suppressed by the speak
er, who then recognized Mr. Farquhar
to make a motion that the house go into
committee of the whole on the state of
( The motion was; agreed to— yeas 120,
nays 100— Mr. Burrows, '; of Michigan,,
taking the chair. _: :
. Mr. Farquhar then moved that the ;
house proceed to the . consideration of
the senate bill to place the American
merchant marine on an equality with
that lof other nations. . . Mr. Springer
made a point of order that the motion
was not in order; but that the commit
tee iit.ust proceed to the consideration :
ot appropriation ■ bills. The chairman
ruled that the motion was in order,- for
the reason that the rules gave the com
mittee authority to decide what meas
ure it would: take up.' Mr.^yriuger
took an appeal from ttie de&sion.
After debate the decision of the chair
was sustained, Bti to 28.
The Speaker Confesses.
Subsequently tlie chair said he
thought lie had made an error in de
ciding some time previously that nny
member could ctill up an appropriation
bill. After examination or the rules
and precedents, lie was of the opinion
that no gentleman who waa not the
chairman, nor a member of the commit
tee having the appropriation bill in
charge, could call up tho measure in
committee of the whole. Mr. Wheeler
accounted for the fact that he was not
chairman by stating that ho was a
Democrat, lie further appealed from
the decision of the chair, an appeal
which the chair refused to entertain.
This decision of the chair gave rise to
much confusion (entirely good-natured
in its character) in the existence of
which Mr. Springer obtained an oppor
tunity to express his hope that .there
would not be a repetition of the arbi
trary measures which hud been repudi
ated by the country.
Mr. Farquhar's ' motion was then
agreed to— lll to 85.
It is Not a Job.
(r. Farquhar, in supporting the ship
: bill, expressed bta regret that any
iber should refer to it as a "job."
s is in reference to a remark by Mr.
int.] He did not believe that any
tlcinan would reflect upon the com
:ee on merchant marine and fisher-
No corporation or organization got
ut of this measure to which he was
not fairly entitled. Mr. Outhwaite, ol
Ohio, inquired as to how much the Pa
cific Mail Steamship company would re
ceive during the first year after the
passage of the bill. Mr. Farquhar re
plied that the gentlemen could
secure any information he desired
by a perusal of the testimonj
taken by the committee. Mr. Outh
waite supplemented his inquiry by a
further query as to whether the gentle
man could account for the rise in the
value of Pacific Mail stock yesterday
it being understood that this bill would
be called up to-day.
Mr. Farquhar — 1 am not aware wheth
er it went up or down.
Mr. Onthwaite— l am informed thai
it went up four points.
Mr. Farquhnr — Not being interested
in Pacific mail (as some Ohio men are)
I do not know anything about it.
Mr. Farquhar Jidvocated the bill ai
length. and,pending further discussion
thi committee rose, and the house ad
TWO BILLS IX DANGER.
Both the Financial and. Lio<lg<
Measures May Fail.
Washington, Dec. 18.— The finaneia
measure reported from the finance com
mittee of the senate as the result o:
caucus action last night, has come ir
, conflict already with the election bil
and the chances are greatly against tin
passage of either of them before Jan. 1.
When the caucus adjourned last night
a motion had been agreed to by unani
niuus vote authorizing Senator Aldricr.
to report to the senate a proposi
tion to change the rules so as tc
establish the previous quertion during
the remainder of this session of con
gress. The understanding of the West
em senators who are interested in tin
passage of the financial bill was, thai
the bill agreed to in caucus would b«
reported to the senate at the earliesl
possible day, and that the election bill
would be laid aside for it. They un
derstood also that the new rule would
not be reported before the financial
measures were disposed of, unless it be
came necessary to coerce the Demo
crats with it into passing the financial
bill. The Eastern senators, who are
very favorably disposed toward the
caucus bill, voted for it with the un
derstanding that its fate would
be linked with that of the election bill
and that the new rule would be re
ported and passed before the caucus
bill was taken up. In accordance with
this idea, Senator Aldrich called a meet
ing of tne committee on rules this after
uoou, but Senator lngalls declined to
attend the meeting because he is among
the senators opposed to considering a
change of rules before the financial
measure is taken up. Another danger
threatens the financial bill. It is an
understood fact that the senate cau
cuses are not binding on those who
attend them. One or two Repub
lican senators have already an
nounced their determination to
vote against the financial bill, and it is
probable that it will not receive the
full Republican vote in the finance
committee. A Republican senator said
this afternoon that the Eastern senators
had accepted it only because there was
impending a union of Democratic sena
tors with a few Republican senators to
pass a tree coinage bill. If the Re
publican senators split on the question
of bringing the new ruie before the
financial measure is considered, both
the election bill and the? financial bill
may fail of the required number of
votes to pass them.
Shielded, by Partisans, Ranm Out
faces Mr. Cooper.
Washington, Dec. 18.— At to-day's
session of the Raum investigation com
mittee, Commissioner Raum was asked
by Mr. Cooper to examine certain pa
pers and report how it was that calls foi
information about pension cases maele
by Congressmen McClellau and Shively,
of Indiana, had not been answered tor
I three months to a year, and why Mr.
t McWilliams, a Western pension attor
[ ney, had been unable for two years to
obtain information about cases on file
in the pension office. Commissioner
Raum said, of course, the committee
i recognized that this matter had nothing
to do with the investigation. Mr. Coop
er also asked for an order to compel
Commissioner Raum to produce the
books of the Columbia Refrigerator
company, a subordinate corporation to
the Universal Refrigerator compai.y.
Mr. Raum emphatically refused to do so,
saying the company was not yet organ
ized and had no connection with the pres
ent case. He had no doubt Mr. Cooper
would like to know everything he
(Raum) had done since he was born, but
he did not propose to gratify Mr. Coop
er. No action was taken on Mr. Coop
er's request. Adjourned.
THE POOR CARRIERS.
Wanainaker Wants Them to Work
Washington, Dec. B.— Postmaster
General Wanamaker to-day sent the
following explanatory notice to all
The great increase in postoffice work in
cident to the holiday reason calls for the ut
most diligence on the part of yourself and
your nssistants to meet satisfactorily \he de
innnds of the patrons of your offices. The
department is precluded from giving assist
ance in the shape of extra allowance* for
clerks; but desires none toe less to encour
age the public to rely fully upon the prompt
dispatch of all matter intrusted to your care,
and to depend implicitly upon its prompt and
safe delivery. The manner in which the vast
accumulation ot postal matter was handled
anring the last holiday season and the
marked decrease in losses reported, are
worthy ot much conimeudation. I confi
dently look for even better results this year;
and to that end earnestly invoke the" best
thought and endeavor of yourself and those
employed m your offces. "
Washington, Doc. IS. — The senate
to-day confirmed the following nomina
tions: M. P. Kennard, assistant United
States treasurer at Boston.
Postmasters: lowa— Samuel Daniels,
Marion. Minnesota— Samuel Owens,
.Minnesota— James M. Thomson, Sank
Center. Washington — Herman Hofer
Military Honors Declined.
Washington, Dec. 18.— The military
honors connected with the funeral of
the late Maj. Gen. Terry tendered by
the secretary of war and Maj. Gen.
Schofield, commanding the army, have
been declined by the family.it having
been decided by them not to have any
Harrison Is Shy.
Washington, Doc. 18. — President
Harrison is not satisfied with the suf
liciency of the financial guarantee of
the world's fair directors, and will de
fer issuing hi 9 proclamation announcing
the fair to the world until the finances
necessary for its complete success are
Free .Delivery Chief.
Washington, Dec. 18.— The post
master general to-uay appointed W. J.
Pollock as chief of the free delivery
system. This change will not go into
effect until Feb. 1, when the resignation
of Mr. Bates a.schief of the. free delivery
system has been accepted.
Washington, Dec. 18.— In the house
Mr. Baker, of New York, called up and
the house passed senate bill authoriz
ing the town of Albany, Or, to con
struct a bridge across the Willamette
Newark's Third Trial.
Washington*, Dec. 18. —The third
trial of the Newark will occur Saturday.
Her former trials were unsuccessful.
GOSSIP ABOUT MEN.
Hannibal Hamlin, the only living ex
vice president of the United States, who
a few months ago completed his eighty
first year, is about the liveliest old man
in the country. His tall form is still
almost as erect as ever, and he walks
with a free and swinging stride. When
he goes out on the streets he at once at
tracts the attention of strangers. His
dress is a relic of the past. He is al
most invariably attired in the old-fash
ioned black swallow-tail coat, wears a
regulation silk hat, and a stock and
dickey. He has no use for new-fangled
notions in dress. Bur, aithouirh his dis
position is still lively and lie loves
dancing, he is said to hate music. He
rarely, if ever, enters a church until
the opening musical exercises are over.
In Maine, where he has been a famil
iar political figure for over half a cen
tury, there is a large stock of good
stories about him. One among many
will serve as an illustration. A caucus
was called at Hampden in his early
days, but was only responded to by two
men. One was young Hamlin himself,
the other a man of enormous ptopor
tions. The young lawyer had a set of
resolutions to propose, but there was
neither chairman, secretary nor meet
ing. Hamlin, however, was equal to
the occasion. The resolutions betran by
an introduction, which stated that the
meeting was "a large and respectable
gathering of voters." The big man ob
jected on the ground that the meeting
was not large, and that two men could
hardly pass a set of resolutions.
"Oh, that's all right," said Hamlin,
blandly, "for, don't you see, you are
large and 1 am respectable. You just
The big voter kept still and the reso
lutions went through by a unanimous
Jay Cooke's Recovered Fortune.
The last dividend paid to those who
were caught in the Jay Cooke & Co.
disaster in 1873. has at last been paid.
The obligations for which Jay Cooke &
Co. were held amounted to 80,451,000.
and upon this 15J4 per cent has been
paid. It is said that Jay Cooke has ac
cumulated another fortune of between
52,000,000 and ?3,0u0,000. He has a little
back office in the building in Philadel
phia where his banking house was
formerly located. He is engaged in rail
road and mining enterprises, which
each year yield a handsome addition to
his repaired fortune. He is a man of
great energy, and the- crash of ISTG did
not rob him of his ambition. His hair
and beard are now snow-white,
but his face is ruddy and
his step is elastic. He is a famil
iar figure in Philadelphia, with his long
black cloak and his light, broad
brimmed, soft felt hat. Mr. Cooke's
feet are incased in cloth shoes that are
a combination of a Chinaman's slippers
ami an Indian's moccasins. He wears
these shoes because he cannot endure
leather ones. After his failure Mr.
Cooke did not lose faith in Northern
Pacific. Friends loaned him' money
with which he bought from the estate
and turned over to creditors a large
block of the common shares of the road
at $1 or $2 each. He held on to the
stock until it had got up in the neigh
borhood of £50. He realized enough by
this one purchase to provide a fund for
future operations. He next became in
terested in the Big Horn silver mine,
which he sold out for between ?G,000,000
and $7,000,000. realizing for his own part
of the transaction about $1,000,000.
A New Literary Light in Paris.
Jules Lemaitre, author of the comedy
"The Depute Leyeau." is the latest
literary lion of Paris, lie is the dramatic
critic of the Journal dcs Debats, an ex
professor of literature, who has con
quered Paris with singular rapidity,
made for himself a most enviable posi
tion, and got well started on the way to
the academy. He is a charming, brill
iant and skeptical writer, all on the sur
face, very skillful in astonishing the
reader by the graceful disrespect and
subtle frivolity of his opinions. His
series of volumes, "Les Contemporains"
and "Impressions de Theatre,' are de
lightful reading. His presence at the
dinner table is most highly esteemed by
the ladies who collect celebrities. His
Monday feuilleton in the Debats is
quoted|at s o'clock by many fair cacklers.
In short, Jules Lemaitre is an eminently
Parisian figure, and his comedy was
looked forward to with all the more
curiosity as it was understood to con
tain many allusious to the recent Bou
Yon Moltke's Discoverer.
A Danish diplomate has just related
how Emperor William 1. o:>ce told of
his discovery of the genius of Yon
Moltke. "1 may claim the credit of
baring discovered him," said the em
peror. "In the '20s I Jirst saw liis face
at a review of a Brandenburg regiment.
He attracted my attention by the keen
ness of his face aud the extreme lank
ness of his figure. I put away liis name
in my memory. A few months later I
found a paper in some military worK by
Moltke's regimental officers "that was
amazingly clear and concise. It con
cerned the defense of Copenhagen. At
the bottom of the last page 1 read the
modest little signature Mlelinuth Yon
Moltke.' I wrote a word of commenda
tion on the margin and directed the
chief of the general staff to call to it the
young man who afterward became field
marshal. I was the first one to smooth
his way to greatness."
Henry Villard Undaunted.
The second and most severe failure of
his life has not affected, in the slightest
degree,thesuavitv,amiability and gener
ally healthful look of Henry Villard,
one of the most remarkable of New
York's band of Wall street necroman
cers. Jay Gould has aged perceptibly
within the past two years. Addisoii
Cammack's hair has whitened, b. V.
White looks ren years older than he did
in ISSI>. and Kussell Satre. who always
looked old. has of late become patri
archal. Cyrus \V. Field, who was two
years ago the personification of a sharp,
decisive and alert business man, is now
slow and deliberate in his movements,
quite out of the world of active finance.
Hut Yill.inl. who has kid enough ups
and downs to whiten hi?sjjair and seam
his face with wrinkles, hJfcnot a trace
of the great conflicts through which he
has passed during fifteen years.
He Was Tuankful.
Detroit Free Press.
"Sixteen years ago to-day I made a
man very thankful," said a Detroiter
who was on his way to a Thanksgiving
"How was that?" asked one of his
"it was a man who had been scut to
our state prison for horse stealing." I
did not believe him guilty. In fact, I
spent 1500 and three months' 1 time to
prove him innocent."
"I got the governor interested, and
progressed far enough to have every
hope that the man would be pardoned
on Thanksgiving day."
"And was he?".
"Then how was he thankful?"
'•Because at the very last of my .-.work
1 came across positive"evidence that ha
had stolen five horses, and was only
known in one case. When I told him
that 1 would keep still on the other four
cases he was so overcome with gratitude
that he could' t say a word. Ah! it
.makes me happy when I can do some
thing for my fellow men." ■*•
AX EDITOR'S DILEMMA.
Liable to Jump the Fence Any-
New York Sun.
I was paying a call to the editor of a
weekly paper in a town in Vermont,
and after looking over the editorial
page of a copy on his desk I remarked:
"You don't appear to have much to
say about the party candidates."
"No, not much," he replied.
"But are they satisfied?"
'•They have "to be. it's pretty badly
mixed around here."
«ed around here."
"Well, this is a Republican paper, but
my son Nate, who is a Democrat, is run
ning tor state senator against the Re
publican candidate. 1 can't call Nate a
horse thief and a liar, you know, be
cause it's in the family. If I come out
ana blow for the other man. then it's
agin Nate, so I sort o' keep still."
"As to the candidate for trie legisla
ture, my brother-in-iaw is on the Demo
cratic ticket against our candidate. 1
can't pitch into him without making
about fifty relatives mad. and so I havt
to go softly. I did manage to call oui
candidate a Cicero, but that's as far as 1
•'How about sheriff?"
"Well, my brother Bill is running on
the Democratic ticket, and.while I can't
help him any, I aon't want to hurt his
"My cousin Jim is after that, and if I
down .Jim all his branch will stop their
subscriptions. Awfui sorry Jim is a
"How's the judge of Drobate?"
"'Nother Democratic brother after
"Father-in-law on the Democratic
ticket, and I've got to be neutral."
"And county surveyor?"
"My uncle Tom is the regular Dem
ocratic nominee. You see how 1 am
"How's your own politics?"
"Pretty near straight Democratic."
"Then, why don't you run a Dem
"It's a-comin' to thai, I fear. I've
been on the fence, or neutral, for the
last ten years, and I expect to wake up
almost any morning and find I've
dropped on the Democratic side, It's
an awful thing to contemplate, but you
see how it is— you realize the situation."
— Ocean Vessels.
New York— Arrived : Steamers Nevada,
Liverpool; Majestic, Liverpool; Belgenland,
Havre— Arrived: Steamer La Gascogue,
Southampton— Arrived: Steamer Saale,
New York. forßremeu.
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