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HOMAGE OF HEROES.
Beautiful Memorial Vase Pre
sented to the Widow of
Samuel S. Cox
By a Committee From the
United States Life-Saving
Eloquent Tribute of Love and
Respect From Senator
Frye, of Maine.
The Gift Comes From Thou
sands of Brave Men With
Hearts of Oak.
The committee from the life-savin?
service of the United States tas pre
sented to Mrs. s. S.€ox a memorial vase
in recognition of the services of her late
distinguished husband as the founder of
that service. The vase is of solid ster
ling silver and is over two feet in
height. It was purchased l>y voluntary
subscriptions from among the members
ot the life-saving service. It was de-
Bigned and made by Gorham, of New
York. It is valued at nearly *2,000. It
is handsomely chased with a striking
medallion of the late Mr. Cox, em
blems ot tlie service. a view
illustrative of a crew at work
aiding a vessel in distress,
marine symbols, an appropriate presen
tation inscription, with a quotation from
Mr. Cox's memorable speech on "The
Life-Saving Service," delivered in the
house of representatives in ISTs, in
which siieech he so prophetically de
scribed the wreck of L'Amerique and
the rescue of it* ims^'nirers and crew.
While the presentation of this memo
rial vase was intended to be more or less
informal, there was quite a noted gath
ering at the residence of Mrs. Cox, 140S
New Hampshire avenue northwest,
Washington, D. C. Amoner those pres
ent were Hon. S. 1. Kimball, general
superintendent of the life-savins serv
ice (who made the presentation
address), with the committee
from the life-saving service; lion.
William P. Frye. V. s*. S., chairman of
and representing the committee on com
merce of the senate: Senators Voorhees
and Dolph: ex-Senator Conger, of
Michigan; William Y. Cox and Mrs.
.hilia Cox-McKelden, nephew and niece
of the late distinguished statesman
Capt. Dobbins. 17.I 7 . S. R. N.; Lieut.
Worth 6. Ross, V. S. K. N.; Commo
dore Horatio bridges, U. S. N., and
wtfe; Hon. Robert P. Porter, superin
tendent of canals, and wife; Capt. C. A.
Abbey, superintendent life-saving serv
ice. Now York eitj : Hon. Thomas F.
Wilson, Washington, I). C. : ex-Mayor
W. (J. Enery, of Washington, D.
C, wife and daughter; N. J.
Kearney, inspector life-saving serv
ice, New York: Mrs. Col. E. A.
Green, of Ohio, niece of Mrs. Cox; Mrs.
V. H. Painter, cousin of Mr*. Cox; Hon.
11. L. Dawes, United States senate; Mrs.
Carrie Sexton, of New York city, cousin
flf Mrs. Cox: Rev. W. N. Milburn. chap
lain house of representatiyes.and daugh
ter: Felix Braunigan, assistant attorney
department of justice; Hon. Albert E.
I'aine, wife and daughter; Mr. Nor
ighian.secretary Turkish legation; Hon.
!S. 1!. Bond and wife, Mr. Kimball Jr.
and wife. Mrs. S. I. Kimball, Mrs. Sen
ator Frye, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Hardcn
bergh, of New York, brother-in-law and
sister of Mrs. Cox; 11. W. Spott'ord,
Washington, 1). C. : Mrs. O. I). Conger
and .John 1). (>'Connor,who was the late
Mr. Cox's private secretary.
In presenting the vase Mr. Kimball
"Mrs. Cox: These gentlemen and I
Isave be^n selected as a committee to
present to you in behalf of that body of
men who constitute the organization
known as the life-saving service this
memorial vase. It is designed to com
memorate the regard in which your late
distinguished husband was held by all
its members, from those who, in com
parative security of life and limb, exer
cised the functions and bear the respon
sibilities of official direction, up to the
gallant steam-warriors, who perform
the nobler mid more heroic work of bat
tli»is with the sea for the lives of im
"When we remember Mr. Cox as a
statesman of such patriotism and abili
ty that the impress of his ideas of gov
ernment is to be found upon the stat
utes passed by almost every session of
congress during the twenty-four years
of his service in that body, as a scholar
who had gleaned rich harvests from ev
ery field of learning, and gleaned an in
exhaustible store of knowledge from
which he could draw at pleasure; as an
orator, whose eloquence everywhere
commanded attention and always de
lighted and charmed his auditors; as
an author whose works enriched and
ennobled the literature of his times; as
a public servant of much purity and rec
titude that the shadow of a suspicion
never fell upon him during the extended
term of his official career, we only re
cognize the characteristics and qualities
that are everywhere acknowledged, and
that have been widely and justly ex
"The action we take today has a
deeper significance than the tributes
with which others of his countrymen
have so generally and sincerely honored
his memory. Between him and us there
existed a relation which we all felt to be
of a personal nature, infinitely closer
than that of inure fellow citizenship.
Honds scarcely less strong than
♦hose of intimate kinship united us.
Tor years we labored and straggled to
gether for the acconiplislimentof a coni
liion pin pose, lie lived to see the con-
Eutnation of that purpose fulfill the
desire of his heart in the establishment
upon a solid foundation of the present
life-saving system. "It seems proper
that on t tii« occasion 1 should call to
mind sonic of the prominent services he
rendered in the creation and develop
ment of that system. The system was
initiated in 1871, hut the way was pre
pared in 1870, when an amendment to
an appropriation bill to provide
for the employment of 'crews
of surfmen at the stations on
the New Jersey coast, for the winter
months, having been defeated, Mr. Cox.
after a sharp and persistent, content,
Been red the passage of a substitute au
thorizing their employment at every al
ternate station. This was probably the
first time his attention had been at
tracted to the idea of rescuing the ship
wrecked by organized effort from the
shore, and from that hour lie became its
devoted adherent and champion.
"The result that followed was so im
mediate and striking as to arrest gen
eral attention. At the close of the sea
son it, was fourid that not a life had been
lost within the field of this guardian
ship. As one writing upon the subject
said: 'Fatal disasters, hitherto inces
sant upon these perilous shores, appear
to have suddenly ceased, as when a
plank sawed through drops to the
ground.' Other dangerous portions of
the seaboard began to call for protec
tion. Cape Cod and Rhode Island de
manded it, and stations upon these
coasts being authorized, were built and
put in operation by the winter of
ISTi. Additional improvements iv
equipment were made, and a compre
hensive code of regulations was issued
for the government of the service. The
result at the close of this season was as
marked and triumphant as that of its
predecessors. I.ut a single person per
ished by shipwreck within the province
of the establishment. Such was the out
come of Mr. Cox's initial action. The
question that had been raised of the ad
vantage of the scheme of manning the
Btations with crews was settled, and the
problem of its practicability solved. The
record furnished thereafter a conclusive
answer to the objections of those who
insisted that the project was merely
sentimental and infenslhle.
"Ever since- the service had ac
quired sufficient prominence to com
mand much public interest there have
been those who had ent*rtnin< l d the
idea that it ouirht to form a part of the
naval establishment, because- it had
something to do with the sea, overlook
ing the fact that no other point of am'n
ity existed, ami that the business of a
Burfinnn is as different from that of a
sailor as is the trade of a watchmaker
from that of a blacksmith, ana forget
ting the further fact that under the
present distribution of administrative
functions amonir the several great
departments of the government
it was properly connected with
the treasury on account of
its relation to commerce, as are
the light house, the steamboat inspec
tion, the marine hospital system and all
other branches of the public service es
tablished in aid of the merchant ma
rine. Now more than ever confirmed
in their views, these jjood people, to
gether with some naval officers who re
garded the service as a desirable ad
junct to the navy, determined, if possi
ble, to effect its transfer to that depart
ment. They had a bill introduced into
botli houses of congress looking to that
end and sought to precipitate action
upon the wave of the existing excite
ment. Had they been able to do this,
such was the feeling in and out of
congress, that they would undoubtedly
have obtained their object.
"A long and desperate contest en
sued, which became one of the leading
features of the Forty-fifth congress.
Mr. Cox put himself at the forefront of
the light for the vindication of the
honor of the service. He planned and
executed his campaign with consum
mate generalship. The closing days of
the session, however, brought a signal
victory for the service, and witnessed
one of the most notable triumphs for
Mr. Cox that has ever marked the an
nals of congress.
"Time forbids that, In contrast. 1
should attempt to describe the details ot
the present system, or even faintly to
outline it, but I may mention some of
its prominent features. Its stations,
commodious, thoroughly equipped with
the most approved appliances, and
manned with trained and daring crews,
chosen exclusively for their qualifica
tions from the hardy surlmen— the true
chivalry of the coast— mark nearly every
dangerous point upon our seaboard and
upon the shores of our great inland
lakes. Upon long stretches of sandy
beacli they form a cordon of posts, which
protect it until reclaimed by the owner.
"The efficacy of the system is best
illustrated by the statement of the fact
that the average loss of life per annum
throughout the entire domain of the
service now only about equals the an
nual loss upon the New Jersey and
Long island coasts alone during the
twenty years immediately preceding its
inauguration, and this notwithstanding
the increased frequency of disasters
consequent upon the vast growth of our
commerce. It should be remembered,
too, that the system annually saves
from destruction an amount of property
many times exceeding in its value the
cost of its maintenance. During the
two decades of its existence up to
the close of the last fiscal year there oc
curred within the field of its operations
5.1)4:$ disasters to vessels. Of the 40,874
persons on board, 49,274 were saved and
but 000 lost; 9,242 ship-wrecked people
were nursed and succored at the sta
tions, 'J4.;»2!> days' relief beini: afforded
them. The estimated value of ■ the ves
sels and their canroes was £00,357,984.
Of this amount 571.040,U.52 was saved
and $-.24,711,000 lost. In addition to the
beneficence implied by these figures
numerous disasters have been averted
by the warning signals of the patrol
men to vessels standing into danger.
The number of such warnings is more
than 200 annually.
"The pare taken by Mr. Cox in laying
the foundation for the attainment of the
extraordinary results 1 have shown nat
urally greatly enhanced in his co-work
ers the regard which the exalted attri
butes of his character and the noble
achievements of his life excited so gen
erally in the hearts of his countrymen;
but the affection which their comrade- j
ship in the struggle of a common cause,
to which each was ardently attached,
had engendered was deepened into a
love as sincere and fervent as that of
brother for brother, by the earnest
and unselfish devotion to tueir
individual interests whicii be invari
ably evinced both in public and
private. He led every effort to con
gress to promote their welfare and com
fort and resisted every '.measure of a
contrary tendency. He applauded their
triumphs and defended them against
calumny. He exulted in their successes
and lamented their failures. He re
joiced in their happiness and pitied
their sorrows. lie encouraged their
trials and sympathized with" them in
their anxiety. He gave ear to their pe
titions and listened to their complaints.
To the highest official and humblest
surfman alike his good offices were ever
available for the accomplishment of
any worthy desire. Is it any wonder
that when the announcement of his
death Hashed over the land and was re
peated by telephone from station to
station, a gloom fell upon the coast from
Maine to Texas on the Atlantic, and
from Washington to the southern bound
ary of California on the l'acific, and all
around the shores of the great inland
hikes, such as had never overshadowed
it before? The tears of widowed women
and fatherless children mingled with
those of the stalwart sol Hers of the
surf in siucerest grief at the loss of
their ever devoted friend aud constant
"And now, Mrs. Cox, we beg that
you, whose unfaltering love was the so
lace and comfoit of his life, who shared
to the full his lofty aspirations for the
betterment of human conditions, and to
whom his vigorous struggles for their
realization must be ever a joyful reflec
tion, will accept this offering, no less as
a token and reminder of the reverent
and imperishable affection in which
every member of the service hold his
memory, than as a mark of their grate
ful appreciation of his invaluable exer
tions in the sacred cause they cherish.
His fitting and enduring monument is
the splendid fabric in whose building
he wrought and whose pinnacles
proudly tower above every other struc
ture of its class now standing upon the
Remarks of Senator Frye.
"I have been requested, as chairman
of the senate committee on commerce,
under whose jurisdiction all bills which
have built up this life saving service
have fallen, to say a few words today,
and 1 comply with the request with
pleasure, because this admirable paper
just read by the accomplished general
superintendent of the lite savin? serv
ice, Mr. Kirn ball, has removed all neces
sity of any extended remarks from mo.
and because, too, I can from personal
knowledge bear witness to the entire
fidelity to truth of this interesting his
"To me, and I doubt not to all of us
who are privileged to be here today,
this is a very interesting occasion. But
to you, dear madam (turning to Mrs.
Cox) this tribute to the memory of your
husband must be inexpressibly grateful.
It is not this elegant silver vase, or this
presentation speech, or this gathering of
friends. It is infinitely more and greater
than these. A mighty host has built an
altar, has brought an offering of thanks
giving and placed it upon it, and the
incense from it must be sweeter to him
and to you than all 'the Sabean
odors from the spicy shores of Araby
the blest.' Think ot it! Thousands of
brave.stout hearts from the Golden Gate
to Quoddy Head, all along the shores of
the great lakes, reaching across a conti
nent, beating now in sympathy with
yours! Aye, more. AH "the men who
'go down to the sea in ships,' all the
women whose husbands meet the peril
of the sea. all the children whose fathers
face the ocean's tempests, join in this
tribute of gratitude. If Mr. Cox in all
his eventful public career had merited
this and nothing more, who would dare
say that his iife had not b«en a splendid
success? But it was only one of his
"I knew Mr. Cox well. I served ten
years with him in the house of repre
sentatives. I enjoyed and was honored
THE PAIST PAUL DAILY GLUME: SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY % 1892.
by his friendship. 1 admired him in
tensely, lie was. indeed, a very re
markable man. Michael Angelo for
more than 400 yoars has stood out in
bold relief as painter, sculptor, archi
tect, poet and engineer. Mr. Cox was
as many-sided as he. He may not have
stood so far aloof from his fellows, but
In the elements of his greatness there
was not a single one ordinary or com
monplace, lie was an orator who could
move to laughter or to tears. He could
■sway and reduce to quiet that stormy and
tumultuous house of representatives,
and make its members eager, patient
listeners. He had a vivid imagination
which now and then led him into flights
of eloquence skyward, but at the same
time if. it served his purpose better lie
could keep close to the ground. He
was a logician, powerful in argument to
convict and convert. Thoroughly
equipped by hard study, by patient
labor, by long experience, by extensive
travel, he was a disputant whom no
man in either house could ever afford to
despise. He was a wit, never a buf
foon. His speech scintillated and
sparkled with humor without malice.
'Ihat sharp-edged rapier sometimes, 1
know, inilicted ugly wounds that bled,
but never left any scars behind. He
was a scholar— thorough aud profound
— as Ins literary essays and orations
conclusively show. He was an author
of high repute, whose books first attract
and then captivate the reader. He was
a politician— sharp, sh.ewd, sagacious
knowing men thoroughly and their mo
tives, and capable of leading them. He
was i\ partisan, but he was a statesman
who, at the demands of conscience and
country and duty, could throw off the
party yoke and put on the toga of a pat
riot. Witness his speech and ac
tion on the Le Compton con
stitution; his support of the
administration throughout the rebellion
and his more recent championship and
advocacy of that bill which admitted
the great Northwestern territories to
statehood. In all these regards he ex
celled. But the crowning quality of his
srreatness was his bie, loving heart— his
humanity to men. It is that which will
keep his memory fresh and green, and
his peers intellectually have long been
forgotten. It is that which gave him a
sweetness of disposition which neither
time nor ace, nor contest nor
disappointed ambition could embitter.
It was that which made him the
champion ol the surf man and the sailor,
of the laborer and the carrier, of the
poor Indian, of the Irishman, uf the
Hebrew, of the downtrodden, the perse
cuted and the friendless whenever and
wherever he saw them. Better than it
all; it was that, dear madam (turning
to Mrs. Cox i which gives you today the
sweet assurance of his blessed immor
'He prayeth best who loveth best
All things, boih great and small,
For the dear God who loveth us,
He made and loveth all."
Remarks of W. V. Cox.
The vase was accepted on behalf of
Mrs. Cox in the following address of
W. V. Cox, neohewof the late congress
"Gentlemen of the Committee: In
behalf of my aunt 1 accept this beauti
ful tribute, so touching!}- given in rec
ognition of the services of her husband,
the late Samuel Sullivan Cox, in estab
lishing and maintaining the life-saving
service of tiie United States. It is es
pecially pleasing to know that this gift
comes as a proof of grateful love from
your entire organization, as symbolized
by the appointment of your committee
frcm the various grades ot your service
—a connnitttee which is entitled to speak
for the districts and stations of our
great lakes and the Ohio river, and for
those of the coast which stretches away
along the Atlantic and guif from Maine
to Texas, and which, taking up the line
of merciful record again on the shore of
the Pacific, reaches from California to
the straits of Fuca— thus emphasizing
the fact that your gift is doubly prec
ious as a token of the lovine thought
and grateful remembrance of our na
tional life-saving service.
"While this occasion must necessarily
be sad, ths assurance of a friendship
and esteem so feelinely expressed can
not faii to give a tender pleasure to
those nearest to him whose service you
thus commemorate, showing, as they
do, that his efforts so generously anil
freely given are fully appreciated.
"A higher tribute could not be paid
to the memory of man than one which
sotting aside all thought ot place and
power, like this exquisite work of art,
is made a memorial to his broad human
ity, and it is a pleasure to me to assure
you. and through you the members of
the Life Saving Service of the United
States, that this testimonial of loving
regard and gratitude, coining as a free
will offering, will be held dear to the
heart of the wife, speaking, as it does,
of her husband's work for man. Mr.
Cox loved your service, took comfort in
it, and was proud to be known and
spoken of as your friend. Nowhere is this
more clearly shown than in that elo
quent speech of June 4, 1878, in the
house of representatives, to which you
have so graphically referred and a part
of which you have chosen for your in
scription, in which, after alluding to
his long public career, he feelingly
added, 'What little I have accomplished
in connection with the life saving ser
vice is compensation sweeter than
honey in the honey comb. It is its own
exceeding great reward. It specks to
me in the voices of the rescued— aye, in
tears of speechless feeling— speaks of
resurrection from death —
'In spite of rock, aud teiuDest's roar.
In spite of raise lights on the shore;'
speaks of a faith triumDhant over all
fears in the better elements of human
nature. It sounds like the undulations
of the Saqbath bell ringing in peace and
felicity. It comes to me iathe words of
Him, who, regardless of His own life,
gave it freely that other lives might be
saved.' The men who compose your
crews I understand are poor fishermen,
whose chiof support is the compensa
tion they receive as surfmen, a sum
barely sufficient to maintain them and
Had Mr. Cox's life been spared, I feel
confident, gentlemen of the committee,
that those you represent would have
reaped the benefit of additional humane
legislation, and probably before this
time. As it is, another" man, or other
mtn, must champion your cause and
win your fieht. In this struggle, and in
all your future struggles on land or on
•'Our hearts, our hopes. our prayers, our tears.
Our faith, triumphant o'er our'fear3,
Are all with thee."
May the God who has implanted in
human nature the courage and will to
save others, grant that the means nec
essary to strengthen and perpetuate
your noble service and to open to your
efforts even broader fields of usefulness,
liny not be lacking until along our en
tire coast, wherever the flag of our
country floats, there may float also the
flag dedicated to tlie deeds of your lov
iug mercy and heroic bearing, the flag
of the life saving service."
The vase has for its covering a hand
some oaken incasement lined with red
silk. The committee received a num
ber of letters from prominent gentle
men ir^ public life regretting their in
ability to be present. Among those
from whom letters were received was
the president, Secretary Blame, Chief
Justice Fuller, Sneaker Crisp, Judge
Turner, of Georgia, ex-Chief Justice
Drake, of the court of claims, Secretary
of the Treasury Foster, V. Pres.Mortoii,
Senator Coke, Texas, and many othors.
Making the Item Right.
"Do 1 look like a dead man?"
This question was shot at "theerlito
of the .Bad Lands Bazoo by a man of fe
rocious aspect, who entered the sanctum
in a great harry.
"My friend, f have no time to answer
conundrums," replied the editor,mildly.
'•1 want to know if 1 look like a dead
man? 7 ' persisted the visitor, in a louder
tone. '"It ain't no conundrum, either."
"I don't know that I'm bound to
answer the questions of every excited
individual who happens to come in. If
you'll teii me the object of your call I*ll
give the subject some consideration."
"Well, sir. your paper announced me
dead, and 1 want to kuow whether 1
look like a dead man?"
"Why didn't you say so? No, you
don't look like a dead man."
"Then your paper lied, didn't it?"
"The paper seems to have been misiu
formed, if you arc the man referred to.
I allow no man to say it lied."
"Well, I'm the man it referred to, I
reckon. There ain't but one Alkali Ike
in these diggin's. I'm the terror of the
Bad Lands. I'm a varmint from the
Wicked Desert, and when I'm mad 1
can lick the entire press of the United
States. You hear me?'.'
"I've never been accused of deaf
"f could chew you up at one mouth
ful. . See?"
"I'm not blind."
"If you don't make that paragraph
right I'll jab yer into yer own press and
print an impression of yer paper on yer
The editor twigged.
"Will yer make that item right?"
"1 will," replied the editor, rising
slowly from his chair, with a seven
shooter in one hand and a bowie-knife
in the other. "Yee, I'll make the para
graph true. You'll look like a dead man
inexactly five seconds. What's your
choice, lead or steel?"
But Alkrll Ike, the varmint from the
Wicked Desert, did not remain long
enough to choose, and the item hasn't
been corrected yet, says the Brooklyn
Good Work in the Woods— Other
John O'Brien returned from his log
ging camps, near Veazie, Wis., Thurs
day evening, and reports good work
being done iv the woods. There is an
average of six inches of snow on the
ground, but logging roads are not in a
good condition owing to the almost to
tal absence of frost in the ground. Mr.
O'Brieu thinks, however, that a week's
cold weather would leave the roads in
an excellent condition.
The reception given by the Stillwater
club yesterday afternoon and evening
was a brilliant affair, and a very large,
number of the elite of the city were in
attendance. The club rooms were
tastefully decorated aud presented an
unusually cozy appearance, due largely
to the efforts of the patronesses, Mrs.
David Bronsou, Mrs. E. W. Durant,
Mrs. H. C. Fogle, Mrs. T. C.Clark, Mrs.
J. S. O'Brien and Mrs. D. U. Hersey.
The year 18i)l has been an unusually
prosperous one for Stillwater business
men, evidenced largely by the many
new business blocks erected. Many
valuable improvements have been made,
and thousands of dollars have been ex
pended in beautifying the city. A
greater portion of the buildings erected
during me year are handsome brick
edifices, which have taken the place of
frame structures built years ago.
New Years' day was quite generally
observed in this city by the closing of
the public offices, banks and stores 'and
the shutting down of the various fac
tories and mills. At the prison exer
cises were held in the chapel in the
forenoon and the convicts partook of
an extra good dinner prepared by Stew
Charles \V. Jellison received a tele
gram Thursday evening announcing
the death of Mrs. Waiter F. Jellison at
Livingston, Mont. Mrs. Jellison was
formerly a resident of this city, and the
remains will be brought here for inter
ment, arriving this evening or tomorrow
W. A. Chambers has disposed of his
iuterest in the logging concern of K. J.
Wheeler & Co., and will start several
logging camps for himself this winter.
His interests were purchased by Messrs.
E. \V. Durant and R. S. Wheeler.
The annual election of officers of the
lumbermen's board of trade occurs to
A New Feature in the Life of Coun
The distinguished gathering of
woman's clubs, held in this city a few
days ago, calls especial attention to a
recent feature in this new life for
women, viz: the formation of clubs in
country districts. There is no life more
lonely and isolated than that of the
farmer's wife, none more monotonous
and unvarying in its daily routine. One
phase of its effects is seen in the
fact that the per cent of farmers'
wives in the insane asylums is larger
than that of all other women com
bined. The treadmill of housework is
tiresome enough even when relieved by
the various diversions that enter into
town life, but when it is an endless
round of hard and unremitting toil,
from dawn til! dark, month in and month
out, season after season, it is not to be
wondered that hope dies, the brightness
fades, and reason sometimes departs.
It is not the hard work alone that kills,
but it is the want of companionship, the
shutting out from the higher life of
books, music, lectures, the theater; it
is, in short, the losing of touch with
humanity and all the barrenness and
desolation which follow.
If the establishment of clubs has given
to the women of cities a new outlook,
an inspiration and a pure delight, how
infinitely larger would be the blessing
conferred upon their country sisters
whose needs are so much greater. The
city woman is by no means an idler, but
existence for her is diversified by many
pleasant things which give her strength
and courage for the tasks. The club is
only one of the agreeable pastimes.
Hut now it is proposed, indeed the move
ment is under headway, to estab
lish country women's clubs, and. hav
ing been undertaken in good faith and
with abounding zeal,there is little doubt
of its popularity or its success. At the
meeting last week Mrs. Virginia C.
Meredith responded to the toast, "Our
Country Friends in Clubs."' expressing
the belief that a higher development
was possible through these clubs to
women in tl» country and small com
munities than to those in cities, because
they were thrown entirely upon their
own resources, and had no other means
of recreation to distract their attention.
There was present upon the occasion
Mrs. Luella F. Claypool, representing
a club of country ladies near Muneie
bearing the suggestive name of the
"Mary and Marthaclub," with its motto,
"The Actual and the Ideal." It includes
the country women within a radius of
eight or ten mile?, and every two weeks,
summer and winter, rain or shine, they
meet and carry out their programme.
Mr. Claypool publishes an agri
cultural paper in which his wife
edits a woman's department, and, by
means of this and through personal ef
fort, she is arranging to divide the en
tire country into sections and organize
a woman's club in each. The daughters
will be eligible, no matter how young,
so that they will be reared in the atmos
phere of the club life. Her scheme also
contemplates the establishment of a
reference library, which may possibly
include the standard magazines and
periodicals. If this series of clubs is
successfully established in Delaware
county, the plan will doubtless be
adopted in other countries. These coun
try clubs will co-operate with those in
the towns aid cities, they will exchange
delegates and occasionally meet to
gether, ana acquaintances will be
formed that will be mutually benefi
cial. The advantages that will result
to women in the country are beyond
computation. Their interest will bo
aroused, their mental and social quali
fications will be stimulated, aud thetr
whole horizon will be broadened and
A Hint in Vain.
Trotter— Why haven't you been in to
see me lately.
Bailaw— Well— er— the truth is, I was
afraid that you might regard my visit as
a remind r of the money you owe me.
Trotter — Why, my dear fellow, 1 had
forgotten all about it. Sony it troubled
"So have got twins at your house?"
said Mrs. Bezumbe to little Johnny
Saluelson. "Yes, mam, two of 'em."
"What are yo i going to call them?"
"Thunder and lightning."' "Why, those
are strange names to call children."
"Well, that's what pa called 'em as soon
as he heard they were in the house."
POETRY OF MOTION.
Critical Analysis of the Beau
tiful Corps ac Ballet in
Graphic Details of the Famous
Dancing School in That
A Ballet Master Who Is a True
Type of His Hardwork
ing 1 Profession.
Grahn, Granzow, Cerito, All
Are Famous Mistresses of
Chicago luter Ocean.
But few people who attend a ballet,
and see the young, girls glide over the
stage in the most difficult steps and at
titudes, have any idea what pains it
has cost them to acquire the proficiency
necessary for such a display.
To become a prima ballerina takes
years. For hours of daily practice of
exhausting exercises, continued for
years, would daunt even greater energy
and patience than the average aspirant
can bring to the task. Therefore the
Vestris and Taglionis are so rare!
The dancing school of the Vienna
opera house does not make a very fav
orable impression on the visitor. It is
like a large dancing hall, only that the
ceiling is very low, the veutilation bad,
and the floor slanting like that of a
stage. At both sides of the main en
trance are dressing rooms. The walls
of the dancing hall are without any or
naments whatever, except a few large
mirrors, and a number of bars fastened
to the walls at the height of the hips,
where a number of young girls in scant
costumes were drilled in the fundamen
tal exercises. Near by a number of
coryphees were trying, to the
of a lonesome fiddle, the steps of an old
fashioned gavotte for the new ballet,
"Vienna Waltzes," depicting the his
torical development of tlie waltz from
its origin to the summer festivals in the
"Prater," which always end in a dance.
In another corner a number of chil
dren were practicing the difficult figure
of grands battements, a sideward kick
ing movement, with stiffened leg.
Grown persons can hardly learn to
execute the battement to the desirable
height on account of the developed
structures of their bodies.
"Please remember." shouted the bal
let master, "that in raising the foot the
toes leave the floor last, and in return
ing they touch the floor first."
The ballet master was a genuine type
of his profession— a well-set little man.
with gray moustache and curly hair,
coiffered in the Freuch style, with infal
lible white linen and indifferent face,
which denotes that he has long ac
cepted the position of being In contin
ual contact with young girls of all ages
as a part of the calling of iiis life.
He was a cheerful, familiar loudly
0 y a & %% T=s THE %
IS |l\V OPtC3-A.IT 1
I _ IIDE-AIAKpRoi™ v. j
|^ HUSTLERS i?/
% -QF TUB- ■ <P~£
'\ > GOLDEN NORTHWEST <£?/
% C 4/> clean ' Brishtl Breezy. o##
talkative, middle-aged man. who wished
to impress every visitor with the ex
tensive knowledge he has of his pro
fession. The most difficult figure in
the art of dancing is
that is. to jump into the air and beat
your feet rapidly together before you
touch the ground. Not before 1730
Mile. Camarjo succeeded in making an
entrechat en quartre, and ten years later
Mile. Lary made one in six. The most
popular figure, however, is the pirouette
which was introduced by Maximilian
Gardel, ballet master to the King of
Wur tern berg, etc., etc.
Then a bell summoned all to a re
hearsal on the stage. Cerito. the Drima
ballerina, a marvel of elasticity and
grace, most carefully went through
every detail ot her part. She enjoys a
handsome income, and has established
herself in a mansion worthy of a
princess, though she smilingly con
fesses that the times are over when a
Mile. St. Germain had her boudoir pa
pered with bank notes.
The members of the corps de ballet
ave'to a large extent dark-eyed Bohem
ian and Hungarian girls, almost daz
zling in their immediate physical
charms. But it is difficult to deckle if
they are more attractive than the daugh
ters of Viennesse burghers, who are
also largely represented.
And yet to the artist's eye how few of
them have easy, unembarrassed bearing
Of the arni3, and an agreeable carriage
of me body. On the street they all ap
pear as most
StyliwtilV - Dressed Yonns Ladies.
And one can easily come to the conclu
sion that the meager salary of <;o marks
a month is no special inducement to a
strictly moral life.
Though their theatrical costumes are
often airy enough to be packed into a
ciirar bo\, they are by no means inex
pensive, as tights are very often torn
and shoos worn out in a night.
Also Fraulciii Abel, the other favorite
dancer, took part in the ballet She
has the reputation of being the greatest
mimic and pantominiist alive, and
would not hesitate to compete with a
Neither Abel nor Cerito could pass for
professional beauties, but they can both
boast of a tall and slender, well-de
veloped figure. with a waist undeformed
by stays. None of the great danseuses
of the century, like Fannie Ellsler, Lu
cille Grahn, the Granzow, were par
ticularly beautiful in form or face; it
was the easy elegance they displayed in
each of their movements which made
their fame. And the very same can be
said of the two Viennese nance rs. Cer
ito shows niore vigor, spontaniety and
technical skill, while Abel is more re
fined, intellectual and truly artistic.
How charming Fraulein Abel can ba
in private life? One evening after the
performance 1 met her among a com
pany of Thespians in one of the leading
restaurants, and had the pleasure to
enter into conversation with her on the
art of dancing. The very same even
ing I had admired her in one of her best
impersonations as the
Dumb <jSlrl vl Portkl.
I had never seen such acting without
words before, so graceful in every atti
tude and gesture, so natural in every
change of facial expression, so expres
sive in the representation of all human
sentiments and passions.
"And do you really think that the
ballet could be elevated to an art of the
importance of painting or music?" I
She looked somewhat astonished at
me as sho replied. "Most assuredly it
could be done. A few days ago 1 read
a book by Xoverre. a French ballet mas
ter of the last century, which had not
been read since Napoleon's time. He
had put down the laws of his art as well
as Lessing did for the drama. And if
you think it over, you can not deny that
the human body is the noblest creation
of nature, and that dancing is the high
est expression of beauty which the
human body is able to perform."
1 felt the truth of her answer, and
hoping to hear still more of interest, I
told her that nearly every ballet I had
seen seemed to me ridiculous in its plot,
aii-1 1 requested her to tell me her idea
of the kind of plot a good ballet should
After a few minutes' thinking she
ansvverea that a ballet should always
Imve a simple poetic plot, a passionate
but never tragic action. introducing as
many variations of national dances as
possible, because every one of them is
original and has its peculiar charm and
general interest. "I would do away
with the present style of walkiusr on
the toes and the contortion of limbs,
and establish instead a sort of
1 hen we came to talk about stage
managing as in connection with her art.
She wished that scenery and costumes
would always show a perfect agreement
of colors. "The costume alone should
inaicate the character of fts wearer.who
should also consider the particular
place of action and the customs of the
country they are supposed to appear in.
Also the modern ballet costume should
be banished from the stage. It might
do for the cafes chantants but should
not be allowed in first-class theaters.
However, it seems to have become a
necessary evil, like the corset."
"Then you would advise the avoid
ance of all unnecessary exposure of the
"Yes, all unnecessary exposure, but
with taste and decorum the nude, or
imitations of the. nude, might be freely
used. To take female dancers for male
parts is also bad taste, especially in na
tional dances. 1 always come back to
them,'' she smilingly said; "they are
my favorites ana it often angers me to
see them spoiled. How can a woman
represent a Cossack or a Bavarian peas
ant? It is ridiculous."
"Where did you study?"
"Oh, in many different places," and
she supped at a glass of old Hungarian
wine. "The standard schools did not
satisfy me. 1 studied nature, human
life. Besides the study of good paint
ings and the antique statues have been
a valuable assistance to me."
"Could not the
Groupings and Evolutions
of the corps de bailet be more effectu
ally arranged? They always look so
stiff and unnatural to me."
"Certainly, but the combination and
arrangementof evolutions and tableaux
is a hard task for every ballet-master.
They demand much consideration, they
must be picturesque, full of energy, an
imated, also true to life, and. therefore,
not symmetrical. But of what good are
all the talents of a ballet-master, as
long as the girls think that they can be
come artists because they have a wen
shaped body and some talent for danc
ing. They forget that natural ease and
grace, taste, imagination, perseverance
and some knowledge of history, cos
tumes and other line arts are equally
It was already after midnight, but she
continued to speak most enthusiastically
about her ideas, how the art couid be
improved, etc. She toid me that once
many years ago, she had the plan of
founding an academy for a new art of
dancing, with the purpose of cultivating
the intellect of the pupils as well as
their bodies— rather more.
A few memoers of the jolly crowd
started to go, also Fraulein Abel rose.
"I believe it is time to go," and, as I
helped her on with her mantle, she re
marked. "We two can't change these
things, at least not at preseut; let us
wait and see."
Sam Houston's Bride.
Of Sam Houston's first marriage they
have one version in Tennessee, but there
is another version In Texas. The Ten
nessee story is that while Houston was
governor of the state he fell in love
with a very pretty young lady named
Allen and proposed to her, and after a
time was accepted. Within a very short
time, the next day aft^r the marriage, 1
think, he left his wife without a word
of explanation. II « protested that the
cause of separation in no way affected
his wife's character. He left Tennessee
and went among the Cherokees and
lived with them for three years. And
during this time, it is said, ha got a
Cherokee wife. As to the last Ido not
know, but the marriage and separation
are conceded facts.
Now, in Tennessee it was claimed
that as soon as the wedding party was
over, Gov. Houston's wife told her hus
band that she had been forced into the
marriage by her parents and that she
loved another. Houston thereupon said
that he would not compel her to live
with him, but he would give her a di
vorce by leaving the state. This he did,
taking all the blame.
In Texas it is said that this story may
or may not be true, but that another
reason for his* leaving his wife was a
wound in his shoulder, resulting from a
shot he had received in the Indian wars,
which at this time made him very of
fensive to those who were closely as
sociated with him.
At all events, he acted most magnani
mously in the niatterand he never made
a public explanation of his course. He
married again after he went to Texas,
and there are a number of li is children
Jiving in the slate today. There are sev
eral Uoyu and one triri. The boys are
bright, well-to-do young men and the
girl is a brilliant writer, and she not
long ago wrote a scathing review of
some articles which had been published
concerning her father.
Given by Actor Florence to a
A pretty story related of the lamented
Florence is that of an episode with a
stage-struck young woman. Coming
out of the theater in Boston one evening
after a performance a young woman
timidly approached him, saying as he
paused to listen: "Mr. Florence, will
you tell me where I can come and see
you about going on the stage?"
Taking in the situation at a glance
the actor replied kindly. "Why. yes. at
the hotel tomorrow morning at 12
Punctually at that hour the would-be
actress was shown in. She was evi
dently a simple-bred girl, fascinated
with the glamour of the footlights.With
entire ignorance of what was expected
of her she announced her desire, linish
"And I thought I'd come and ask you
what 1 must do first."
"You are familiar with some plays, I
presume?" questioned Mr. Florence.
"Oh, yes," eagerly. "1 go to the the
ater all I can. Iv seen you every time
you've beeu in Boston.""
"But I mean you have studied some
dramatic roles?" pursued the actor.
"I— think not," was the hesitating re
"You have read something, at least, to
let me see- what you can do?" he tried
"1 can read poetry," answered the
"Don't you know some poetry that
you can recite?" urged Mr. Florence.
Yes, she knew Longfellow's "The
Bridge," and she proceeded to give it in
a way that it has probably never been
given before nor since.
There was a moment's silence after
she had finished, broken, at length, by
"You have a home?" he asked.
"A mother and father?"
"Xo father, but a mother."
"And a lover, may be?" watching the
girl's face keenly.
She blushed and admitted that there
was a lover.
"Well, now, my dear," said Mr.
Florence, dismissing her, "1 can spare
you no more time tins morning. Leave
me your name and address, and you
shall hear from me very soon."
The girl compiled, and before her
footsteps died away in the hall the actor
was at a table writing. The next day,
with a handsomely framed picture of
Mr. Florence, there was delivered to the
aspirant for histrionic effort this note:
] Dear Miss: Stay with your mother,
marry your lover and play leading lady
on the home stage, where yon are fitted
to shine-in all womanliness. Be assured,
my dear young friend, on the other
stage to which you aspire you would be
as out of place as a mouse in a ball
room. Sincerely yours,
William J. Flokexce.
CALL AGAIN, MR. MANSFIELD.
How the Eminent Actor Went to
Call on Mr. Stevenson. "
I heard a very good stoiy the other
night about Richard Mansfield and Rob
ert Louis Stevenson which has never
been published. Mr. Mansfield was in
London preparing for his American
tour. There was some difficulty in re
gard to the production of "Dr. Jekyll
and Mr. Hyde," so he felt that he ought
to meet Mr. Stevenson and have a thor
ough understanding in regard to the
matter. Accordingly, the next day he
sent a note to Mr. Stevenson asking for
an interview. "Meet me tomorrow at
10 a. in," wat the reply. . .
The next morning Mr. Mansfield pre
sented himself at the lodgings ot Mr.
Stevenson. He was unfit to look out,
as he was suffering from a bad cold.
However, he felt that it would be im
proper for him to break the appoint
ment. He sent up his card to Mr. Stev
enson. In a few moments the servant
came downstairs. "Mr. Stevenson will
see you presently."
In a few moments a gentleman entered
the room. Mr. Mansfield arose, think
ing he had met Mr. Stevenson. He be
gan to cough violently and sneezed sev
eral times. When he finished one of
his fits of sneezing he looked up and
said, "Oh, 1 beg your pardon, 1 thought
you were Mr. Stevenson."
"No," said the gentleman. "I'm
Lloyd Osbourne. lam Mr. Stevenson's
friend." Then the following conver
sation took place:
'•You are Mr. Mansfield. I presume?"
"Yes, that is my name."
"Beautiful day. Mr. Mansfield."
"Yes, the weather is charming. But,
Mr. Osbourne, I . have an engagement
with Mr. Stevenson." (Here Mansfield
again begins to cough and sneeze.)
"You have a bad cold, Mr. Mansfield."
"Yes, a very bad cold. It's your Lon
don weather. I would like very much
to see Mr. Stevenson."
"Oh, yes, to be sure. You want to
see Mr. Stevenson. That is a very bad
cold, Mr. Mansfield."
"Mr. Osbourne, 1 appreciate the fact
that I have a very bad cold. 1 did not
come here, however, Mr. Osbourne, to
tell you all about my cold. The fact is,
I want to see Air. Stevenson, and as
my lime is limited 1 would like to
see him at once. lam to sail for Amer
ica tomorrow, and as 1 have many en
gagements for today I want the inter
view at once." Mansfield again begins
to sneeze ar»d cough.
"Yes, Mr. Mansfield," said Mr. Os
- bourne, "but your cold you "
"Well, I will acknowledge aeain that
I have a cold. It isof great importance
that I arrange this at once. 1 cannot
talk about my cold all day."
"But, Mr. Mansfield, thai cold "
'"Damn the cold. 1 — ~"
"But you cannot see Mr. Stevenson.
You have such a bad cold, and Mr.
Stevenson will not meet a gentleman
with a cold. He fears it is so catching,
you know. You'll have to call again."
A SAD CASE.
Alono He Watched and Waited
for a Victim.
Sew York World.
He was the sorriest-looking tramp
last night in all New York. He was
sitting in the park, near Newspaper
"You are hungry, my poor man?"
queried a kind-hearted stranger.
"No sir." said the tramp, wiping a
tear from his eyo with his rough coat
■ "You are sick and feeble?"
"No sir,'.' reolied the tramp, "that is
just it; lam as strong as an "ox, and as
brave as a lion that has dined on fresh
meat for nine years." -
: . "But you are cold and shivery?"
"I am not, thank you, sir."
"The bencn must feel like ice? Your
boots, the water comes through them
when you walk?"
"Not in New York, .sir: you recall we
are on the verge of a water famine
"That. is so." said the stranger, feel
ing for a dollar: "maybe you are in
need of money, eh?"
"No. sir," replied the • tramp, breath
ing hard, "I am in that state of mind
that all the gold in the treasury
wouldn't relieve me. Oh, it's awful.'.' " .
"Well, you are a strange specimen."
mused the stramrer. "What the deuoo
ails you. anyway?"
. "Can It rust you?"
"You will not think me childish or
"Never." . *
. "Then 1 will make a clean breast of
it, once and for all."
"I was trying— forgive me— l was try-'
ing to— to"
"To work you."
ABSENT AT THE NEW YEAR'S ROLL
A Partial List of Prominent Men Who
Have Passed Away Daring the
Tear Jast Closed.
1891 has beeu n marked jear.
. It has been remarkable not only for its suc
cesses, but also for its disasters.
It has seen many men rise to prominence
and power and many others go down under
the dark cloud of death.
Look at the list:
Secretary Windom. while speaking at a
grand dinner, stops, gasps, and dies before
the gaze of the horrified guests.
General Sherman, the hero of a hundred
battles, falls before the grim destroyer after
a gallant struggle.
Dom Pedro, the exiled emperor, beloved br
his subjects, is yet forced to breuthe his last
Charles Stewart Parnell, the Irish leader, Is
stricken in the prime of lif?.
Senator Plumb, a typical American states
man, dies nobly in the harness
The list might be prolonged, but why mul
tiply sorrow? These grtit men have died
and we hear of them because they were so
prominent, but think of the thousands who
have died thiu we do not hear of. Think of
yourself, reader, and see if you, too, may not
be in danger. Have you not had strange
pains, peculiar sensations and unaccount
able feelings during the past year? Do you
know what they mean? Are you certain of
yourself and your condition? If you are not
you should be upon your guard.
It was asserted by the papers that these
men died of heart disease, pneumonia,
apoplexy, etc. Ah, these were the ap
parent causes, but what caused the heart
disease, the pueuinonta. the apoplexy ! Can
you not see that there whs something back of
all these? There was. What? A weakened and
diseased condition of the vitiil organs. Xo
man or woman ever died of heart trouble
when the organs that supply the heart were
healthy. Pneumonia is the result of im
paired kidney action. Apoplexy does not
occur when the poisons in the blood are car
ried off by the kidneys.
What then, should be done to avoid these
dangers? bee to thegreat organs on which
the life depends, namely, the kidneys and
liver. How We answer by quotintr the
words of Dr. William Edward "Robxon physi
cian of the Koyal Navy of England. He sa'yt;
"As I consider kidney'and liver troubles the
source of most diseases, so do I consider
Warner's Safe Cure the greatest of all Known
remedies. It goes to the source of the
troubles. It does not treat symptoms, but
causes. Hundredsofmy ratiehts have been
cured by its use, and I am glad to acknowl
edge and recommend it thus frankly.'
Dr. Kobson was not speaking from theory,
but from a vast and rich experience. He knew
whereof he affirmed. He kuew, as you should
know, that kidney and liver trouDles are the
great sources of modern diseases. He knew
that they often fail to reveal themselves, but
steal into the eystem, undermine the life and
bring on death before the unsuspecting vic
tim is aware. Thousands of valuable lives
have been lost because the trouble was not
known nor the danger realized. Is it not
possiple that you, too, may not realize your
condition and possible danger? Would it not
be well to pause, think ana act before it may
be too late?
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