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MR. SHERMAN SPEARS
The Aged Senator Defends
Hie Past Record.
ELOQUENT EULOGY, OF SEYD:
Reviews the Demonetization
of Silver in 1873.
K0 SINGLE STANDARD WANTED.
Both Gold and Silver Must Be
CONGRESS AND COUNTRY AGREE
Washington, Aug. 30.— charac
ter of Ernest Styd, the great English
financier, was vindicated in the United
States senate today by John Sherman,
of Ohio. The events which have led to
the denunciation bf Ernest Seyd by all
the free coinage men of the continent
occurred twenty 'years ago, and the
great London economist has passed be
yond the judgment or the revenge of
this world, but lie could not have a
more valiant defender had he stood at
the bar of justice, it was more thau a de
fense, it was a eulogy ; and the austere
Ohio senator was warmed to emotion
as he reviewed history of the de
monetization and denounced those who
have assailed the character of Ernest
Seyd. At the recent national conven
tion of bimetallism at Chicago the as
sertion was made dozens of times that
Seyd visited this country in 1873 as tho
agent of the gold -men of tho old world,
and that he purchased the demonetiza
tion of silver by paying American sen
ators and representatives $500,000 to
secure the passage of the demonetizing
act of 1873. As John Sherman was the
author of that legislation, he defended
his own character today in defending
the character of Ernest Seyd, and this
fact may account for some of tho ve
hement utterances lhat.
Escape's! tiie Lips
of the man noted lor his impassive nat
ure. By successive steps Mr. Sherman
reviewed the acts leading up to the act
of 1873, and showed . that Seyd was in
Europe at the time the bill was origi
nated, and until it was nearly through
the legislative mill, and that the "only
view he had ever expressed on the bill
was in a letter written in response to a
leading American financier who had
asked for. the opinion of the great En
glish expert. Mr. Sherman quoted
from a book of Ernest Seyd . from the
public library showing '.that Seyd was
himself a' warm advocate of bimetallism,
and concluded by saying that hereafter
lie should denounce us deliberate falsi
fiers those who repeated the calumnies
In regard to the legislation of 1873.
Immediately after the senate met this
morning Mr. Manderson presented a
memorial from al) the. national banks of
Omaha for the immediate passage of the
bill repealing thu'purchase clause of the
Sherman act. ; • ... . ..
Mr. Cockrell presented the resolutions
adopted at a public meeting held at the
Fifth Avenue hotel, ' New York, protest
ing against the senseless attacks on the
Sherman law, .ami demanding the
prompt fulfillment of the pledges of the
Democratic national convention for the
free coinage of gold and silver.
Mr. Stewart offered a resolution which
was, on his own '.notion, referred to. tne
finance committee, directing the secre
tary of the treasury to inform the senate
how the revenues since the commence
ment of the present fiscal year compare
with. the estimates. At 12:30 p. m. the
bill to repeal the Sherman act was laid
before the senate and
Mr.' Sherman >;'.
proceeded to address the senate. He
said that the immediate question was
whether the United States should
suspend the purchase, of silver bullion
under the acr of July, 1890. It waste
to decide that question that the presi
dent had called congress together in
special session. If that were the only
reason for tiie extraordinary session. It
would seem to him insufficient. Tne
mere addition of 18,000,01)0 ounces of
silver to the mass of sliver in the treas
ury and the addition of $14,000,000
treasury notes to the thousand millions
outstanding would hardly justify the
call. The call was justified, however,
by the existing financial stringency
growing out of the tear that the United
States would open its mints to
the free coinage ot silver. This was
the real issue. The gravity of it could
not be stated in words, If the singie
stand of gold were had, without the aid
of silver, the relations between capital
and labor world be disturbud, ths in
dustries of the couutry crippled and
the value of silver still further reduced.
On the other hand, if the purchase of
64,000,000 ounces of silver per year was
continued the United States would be
eventually brought to a single standard
of silver. On one thing congress and
the country agreed: ■ that was that
these two extreme conditions should be
avoided and that both gold and silver
should be continued iv use as money,
as measures of value. The problem
which senators Pad to solve was how to
procure the largest use of gold and sil
vej without demonetizing either. Mr.
Sherman went on to -
Give a History
of the circumstances which led up to
the passage of the act of July, 1890. It
was a tar better law, he said, than the
hill which the house had then passed.
Senators who criticised it ought to re
member that it was a substitute for a
bill of the house ana for a bill of the
senate, either of which would have been
more dangerous in its results than the
law of 1800 was.
Since 1890 the banking houses of
England had become Involved in diffi
culties. England had investments
amounting to hundreds of millions in
the Argentine confederation. By some
sudden collapse in those investments,
the great banking house of the Bariugs
was toppling to its fall,' when the Bank
of England and the other banking
houses came to the rescue and obtained
money from France and other countries
of Europe. The immediate result was
that Ai»iSrican securities were sent
home forsale. and their proceeds in
gold were shipped back to pay the lossos ;
of Great Britain in the Argentine con'
federation. There had been still an
other trouble. For the first time In'
many years the balance of trade had
turned against the United States last
year. , Hitherto the " balance had been
in favor of the United States to the"
amount of 850.000,000, $100,000,000, and
sometimes $200,000 ,000. The last fiscal
Balance of Trade
was against the United States to tlie
amount of " $18,735,000. Whether it
would be so next year uo one could tell.
He believed that with the crops now
ripening tbe balance of trade would
probably be in favor of. the United
States this year, and he believed that
the forced economy which always fol
lowed a panic would be of itself a pro
tection against unusual and unneces
sary imports. So he hoped . that next '
year there would be no difficulty in the
matter of baiauce of trade. Something
had been said yesterday by the senator
from Colorado (Mr. Teller) about the loss
on the bullion purchased under the act
of 1890. The average price paid for it
was 94^c per ounce, and the loss
(calculated on the value 0/ silver today)
was $28,845,356. It would be remem
bered that the treasury notes had been
Issued for the 150.003,000 ounces of sil
ver purchased to amount of its cost;
that no interest waspiid on these notes,
and that they had been used by the peo
ple as curreut money. Suppose, said
Mr. Sherman, that this provision had
not been made in 1899. Suppose that
we had been compelled to face the
storms which followed 1800; the losses
by investments in the Argentine Re
public; the failures of Australian banks,
and all these other troubles, without
having any increase of currency. Who
can tell what the result might have
been? Suppose the Sherman law had
not been on
The Statute Book,
"Who can tell what would have been
the consequence to. the country from
the great depressing facts 1 havo men
"Sir, give the devil his due. The law
of ■ 1890 may have many faults; but 1
staud by it yet aud 1 will defend it, not
as a measure of good public policy, not
as a measure in which 1 take any pride
(because I was yielding to dire neces
sity), but because without it we would
have met difficulties in 1891 and 1892
which would have staggered us much
more than the passing breeze of the
hour. lam uot blind in regard to the
operations of the law of 1890. Long
before our Democratic friends ever
thought of providing any measure of
relief, 1 proposed relief in a bill
which I introduced. In almost the
same words as the bill of the senator
from Indiana (Mr. Voorhees). But did
our friends on the other side see the
danger theu ami help us lo suspend the
operation of the law of 1890? They can
not answer that question. Idid think,
after two years' trial, that it was better
to suspend it; and we on this side of
the chamber tried to do it, but we had
no support on the other side, It is
therefore manifest that lam not a new
convert to ihe repeal of the purchasing
clause of the act of 1890. Ido not, how
ever, vote for the repeal with any ex
pectation that it will, in any considera
ble degree, relieve us from the indus
trial stagnation that has fallen on all
kinds of industries, and that
Mas Thrown Out
of employment hundreds of thousands
of men and women.
The president, in the midst of the
panic, appeals to us to repeal this law.
and he wiii not make this appeal to me
in vain. vl have no sympathy with him
in politics, but I believe , that in this
matter he is right and that it is my duty
to respond to his call. . .Twill co-operate
in any measure that will tend to main
tain the harmonious use of silver and
gold as standards of value. I hope that
the next measure ef relief which my
friend from Indiana (Mr. Voorhees) will
provide will be a broad, liberal measure
authorizing the president or the secre
tary of the treasury, whichever he pre
fers, to exercise the power, if neces
sary, to sell securities in order
to|niaiiitain the parity of all our cur
rency. There is another thing. We
must not overlook the fact that possibly
the balance of trade may be against us
next year. The appropriations made at
the last congress, though made afier
the scrutiny of careful economists, may
exceed the revenues of the government;
and some authority, to mako good the
deficit (whatever it may be) ought to
be provided by law. Some power should
be given to the executive in the matter,
lf lhat be not dove, and the revenues be
not sufficient to meet the expenses, the
executive would have no power to meet
the deficit. • - .
At this point of his speech'
ITXr. Sherman Deviated
from the direct path of his argument to
reply to and clear away all the charges
and" aspersions made by senators and
others in connection with his so-called
act -demonetizing silver in 1873, and he
confessed to some annoyance at the
statement made. the. other day by Mr.
Voorhees, that action of those who had
managed the legislation had been
stealthy and treacherous. Air. Voorhees
declaied that nothing could be farther
from his purpose or his intention than
to say an unkind or disrespectful word
about the senator from Ohio. The sen
ator was not in his mind at all when he
uttered those words, but as they were
disagreeable or offensive to him lie ex
pressed his regret at having uttered
them, and declared himself incapable
of inflicting affront on auy gentleman
in the senate or elsewhere.
Air. Sherman said that certainly he
did not desire to say anything more on
the matter, being entirely satisfied. He
reviewed, however, the: legislation of
•1873 and denounced the manner in
which Ernest Seyd,the English econom
ist, had been denounced in connection
wish the matter. Seyd played no part
lv that legislation. The statement was
infamously false thai Seyd or any one
, else paid $500,000 to congress to secure
the demonetization of silver. Seyd was
a bimetallisms was shown by reference
to his published books. He was one of
the leading financial experts -of the
world. He occupied an honored posi
tion in London, and
An Honored One
wherever he was known, and he be
lieved him to have been an honest,
sincere, uucorrupted man. Seyd had
never visited America until the bill was
almost through congress, and it was in
famous that the charge should be so
frequently made that public men had
ueeen bribed into passing the bill of
1873. ' : :>V- _:-.". _ _...--
. ."Hereafter," BaldMx»ShSrinah, n when
any man makes 3 CI C i "T a statement about
ST. PAUL,. MINN., THURSDAY & rM^IFG. AUGUST 31, 1893.
'this legislation I shall simply say that
it is a falsehood, and brand it so."" .
"It. is estrange,"- said Mr. Sherman,
"that on the vote on this bill that the 1
distinguished senator from Nevada
(Mr. Stewart) voted for it, and I, 'the
devil fish.' voted against it.'? :
The last remark was in reference to
an epithet applied to Mr. Sherman dur
ing a debate in the house last week. -
Senator Stewart retorted that In due
time he would explain how he came to
vote for the bill.
'tThere was nothing surreptitious
about it," said Mr. Sherman with much
- warmth, "and; no fact can be proven
more clearly. The statement so often
made to the contrary is a falsehood and
a lie; I care not by whom made."
-It. was some times said that (Jen.
Grant knew nothing of this demonetiza
tion, continued Mr. Sherman. What of
it? Gen. Grant was not a financier, but
his secretary of the treasury wrote a
Urging the Passage
of soch a bill. In the face of such a
report, how could members of cougress
plead ignorance? lie would rather
stand here and say he voted knowingly
aud uuderstandingly than shirk respon
sibility by pleading the baby act.
He quoted from speeches made by
Mr. Stewart in 1873 ami 1874 these
words: "l want the standard gold, and
no paper money that is not redeemable
in gold. , By this process we shall come
to a specie basis, and when the laborer
shall have nis dollar It will have the
the same purchasiug power of a dollar.
Gold is the universal standard of the
world. Everybody knows that."
The reaaiiii; of these quotations,
showing such a remarkable change of
opinion ou the part of Mr. Stewart, pro
voked general laughter at the expense
of that senator, who looked somewhat
bewildered, but only stroked his long
beard. Subsequently, however, he
promised to reply to Mr. Sherman on
Friday next. Mr. Sherman followed
up his advantage o»-er the Nevada sen
ator by exhibiting a newspaper pub
lished in that state, one whole side of
which was occupied with notices of as
sessments on silver mining stock, all
payable in United States gold coin.
Ihen he came back to the main subject
of his speech, and said:
;"1 do not think that the stoppage of
silver coinage was the
< End or Silver.
"We have proven that the mere pur
chase of silver by us on a declining mar
ket is an improvident use of the public
money and ought to be abandoned, or
at least suspended until a time may
come when when by an international
agreement, or by some provision of law.
we may guard against the possibility of
coming to a single standard of silver.
;Thls is not a question of mere interest
to -Nevada or Colorado. It is not a ques
tion of what Wall sireet will do. Wall
/Street will always be doing some devil
ment or other, it mattes no difference'
who is up or down. 1 take that as a
matter of course. The question is what
should be done for the people of the
United States in all its length and
breadth, and therefore if congress will
say that in its opinion it is not wise to
continue the purchase of silver bullion,
there will be no injustice done to Col
orado or Nevada."
Recurring to the suggestion of author
izing the Issue of bonds, Mr. Sherman
said: ' "1 am willing to trust to your
ecutive officers.: If you are not, it is a
strange attitude in political affairs. I
would give them power to protect the
credit of the government at home and
abroad. If the fight must be for gold,
would use our cotton and our corn and
our wheat; and I would protect our
credit against all mankind. As to silver,
1 would say that we prefer to wait a
while until the ,Z. :
Skies Are Clear, '
until we see the effects of the suspen
sion of silver coinage, and see what ar
rangements can be made for another
international monetary conference. In
the meantime, let the United States
stand on its strength and credit. 1
think tnat soon all these clouds will be
dissipated, and we may go home to our'
friends with the conviction that we
have done a good work for our couutry
at large.", [Applause.]' '
Mr, Sherman concluded at 2:40. hav
ing occupied two hours and ten minutes.
Portions of his speech were read from
manuscript, but the greater part of it
was. delivered extempore and with
great rapidity and force. He was list
ened to throughout with unflagging at
tention and interest. When he had con
cluded the repealiug bill (on which he
had . spoken) was laid aside, and the
national bank circulation bill was taken
up to allow Mr. Teller to "finish the
speech which he had begun yesterday.
Mr. Voorhees gave notice, however,
that after the morning business tomor
row he would ask the senate to take up
the repeal bill, and would do so from
day to day, subject, of course, to his de
sire to accommodate senators. Mr. Tel
ler then proceeded with his speech.
Comptroller Eckels Unlocks the
.'."* V Cash Boxes.
Washington, Aug. 30.— Comptroller
Eckels is informed that the court has
sustained him in the position he took in
the case of the Washington National
Hank of Tacoma, Wash. The decision
is regarded as important, sustaining the
right ot the comptroller of the currency
to the sole control under the law of the
uatioual banks of the country.
The following national banks which
recently suspended have been today
permitted to open their doors to busi
ness: The First National Bank of Du
buque, lo.; the First National Bank of
Grand Junction, CoI. '^BHBSBBW
The comptroller of the currency has
authorized the following national banks
to reopen on Sept. 1: The American
National Bank of Omaha, Neb.; the
American National Bank of Nashville.
The following national banks iv Min
nesota have been authorized to reopen
for business on Sept. 7: The First Na
tional Bank of Mankato, the National
Citizens' Bauk of Mankato, the Man
kato National bank. :
Comptroller Eckles left this evening
for bis home at Ottawa, ill., to spend a
two weeks' vacation.
Free Sugar, Free Twine.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, Aug. 30. — Congress
man Hall will introduce bills placing re
fined sugar and binding twine on the
free list as soon as the present discus
sion of the rules ends. He will also re
introduce his bill limiting the amount of
wearing ' apparel ': brought back from
Europe free of duty to WOO.
At Baldwin's Request
Special to the Globe.
Washington, Aug. 80. — Congress
man Baldwin today secured the appoint
ment, of Hon. J. L. Harwick as post
master at Alonticello, Wright county,
aud J. D. Campbell, at Mahtow, Carlton
county. ■■■'■-■'■" ... .:■ ••>,
' Special to the Glops.^ '— " '.. -:-•••<• .
'. Washington - , Aug. 30.— Ai flew pen
j's'lon examining board has been ap
pointed at Sauk* Center ' composed Of
i Drs. B. A. Hubert and J. A. Dubois.
HAIL AND FAREWELL.
z ■ . _ -z/z m
- . ,-■.— — .. z_ W
FOREIGN COMMISSIONERS RETU »'
FROM THE WHEAT FIELDS. V
' I ..-.-■ ;-: -Z' h
THEY HAD A SPLENDID TI9IF
All Were Lost in Admiration .for r. !
v. the Magnificence of the Co'xZ-'. :
try— Comparisons With v %ltt> *
Native Lands— Many Stories ..iji-s
lust rating Life Among Liv • ;
The journey of the world's fair com- .
missioners through Minnesota and
North Dakota came to an end last even
ing, the party arriving In St. Paul at
8:15. From here they were taken to
Milwaukee by the St. Paul road. Tney
will be the guests of that road today, 1 '
and will leave in the evening for Old-'
All of them say with great enthusiasm ;
that their trip has been one of the most* s
enjoyable events of their stay in this j
country. On the way from Fargo to St.
Paul much of the time was devoted to
discussiug what they had seen, and;
giving vent to their feelings upon the/
subject. The different modes of doing
the latter were, of coarse, in keeping
with national characteristics. The En- .
glish-born members of the party're
marked, with a moderate enthusiasm,
"This is a very fine country, don't you
know. But it is really no more than
we expected to see. We always had a
very high opinion of America, don't '
you know. We knew it contained some
of the most wonderful country in the
world." ; _-i '-■%-.
"I am equipping myself with facts,"
said J. F. Atkinson, of Sheffield, Eng
land, "jotting them down as we go
along. A good deal 1 have seen on this ,
trip is quite new to me, aud 1 intend to
make advantageous use of it."
W. O. Campbell, English-born, but
commissioner of New South Wales,'
Australia, was loth to admit that the '
Ked river valley was any finer than. <
some of the country on the great island,
but the undertone expressions of sur
prise, which he was unable to conceal,
told plainly that he had never seen any-,'
thing to compare with this, the pride of
America. Col. J. F. Hobbs and' two
other Australians made no c omparisons
and at the same time made a poor effort
to appear rather indifferent to the great
sights in, the valley. However, they :
very politely, said, "This is a great ■
country." ----•'" :
The German representatives frankly:
admitted that their country had nothing
to compare with what they had seen, c
and indulged in quite candid praise.
j A. Grinevsky, assistant commissioner
of Russia, a handsome young. man, who
would pass for a full-blooded American .'
anywhere so long as he refrained from .
talking, indulged in calm and dignified'
praise. "But," said . he,, . "were I' to
wake lip in this country hot knowing :
where I was, I should , surely think it :
was Russia. You would be surprised
tosee the similarity In contour between
the two countries. Perhaps the quality
■of our wheat is not quite . equal to that j
grown in the Red river valley,'
but we do raise .very fine qualities.;
1 think, 'however, that the main dif
ference lies in the belter machinery'
used in this country, by which the grain'
is turned out in a perfectly clean con
dition. We market our wheat. badly
mixed with seeds of weeds, other grains
and with much dirt and chaff in it, j
Hence it gets no grade. The American
is graded so finely that the London;
buyers take it on the grades without]
ever looking at it. They cannot do that
with our product, hence they prefer to'
deal in yours. I am very: much im
pressed with your American farm ma- 1
chinery. It is far the best in the world,
i and I intend to do what I can to intro
duce it widely in Russia. If 1 succeed
you will profit greatly on your machin
ery trade but lose proportionately ou
your grain trade." .
The representatives of Latin coun
tries were, with few exceptions, very'
demonstrative iv expressing their feel-**
ings. Oh, ze beau-u-u-tiful, beau-u-u
--u-tiful, g-r-r-r-and country!" ejaculate,!
he at frequent intervals on the' way out. I
And yesterday on the way back one of:
them went into rhapsodies in this wise:
"Oh, zis ail seems like a, like a; vat you:
call 'im? Like a dhr-r-r-eam. ' I vish "L
could talk English for vone leetle
minute, so I could expraess vat I feel ;
for gr-r-r-atitiule for ze Americans vat
pring us ze great pr-r-rivilege for seeing
zis be-au-tiful country. I shall tell my
peoples every ting vat I saw." - "j.
However, M. L. Vassilliere, inspector
general of agriculture of Franpe, and-
Henry Leveque de Yilmorin, president
of the society of agriculture of France,;
made no displays of this sort. Indeed, \
both would be mistaken for good, sub
stantial Americans, were it not for their;
imperfect pronunciation of the English/--
But those who went into extravagant;
exclamations • were evidently sincere,
aud their methods are only mentioned'
to compare the different characteristics!
of the people in the party. .
A jollier or more congenial party
never junketed iu '-.any country. The;
quietest members were Sen Tsuda audi
K.Twara, the imperial commissioners of.
Japan; but their silence was due for the;
most part to their poor understanding of
the language, for they were on" hand for'
every entertainment.and showed clearly}
that they were having the best of enjoy
ment. They : took a deep interest in
everything they saw, and will \ no doubt .
introduce in Japan many of our im
provements. Z } :
On the Big Farms. - j
The party was taken from the Lari
more tarm, the visit to which has been
described, to the Grandin farm, often
called the Dalrymple farm. This is the
largest wheat farm in the world, raising =
annually over 30,000 acres of the cereal:
After a number of the mammoth thresh
ing machines were inspected as they,
flailed out the grain*, at 2,500 bushels
each a day, the train put up for the night
at Hillsboro. the place being close to the.
farm. In the ■ evening .the" ladies of;
Hillsboro gave a reception to the party,, '
at which almost every " c commissioner
made a speech. Yesterday morning^
the party was taken to Fargo, and «v-"
joyed a carriage ride about" the"' city as [
the guests citizens.. .: -.."it
On the way back from Fargo several ]
of ttie guests delivered themselves" "bf.
much interesting information. AL;
„ . HAS OUTLIVED ITS USEFULNESS.
Nurse Sherman (singing-)— Go to sle-e-p, my ba-a-by! (Aside)— kill this kid this
time sure. It's a sort of boomerang- in politics anyway.
Edouard Guerrette, delegate of the
commissioner general "of "Belgium, told
how the people vote in his country.
Every man must have at least a small
amount of property before he can vote.
If he be a single man, and has only the
property qualification he has but, one
vote at an election. If .he be married
he may cast one, vote for himself and
another on account of his married state,
if he has a family of children he may
vote three times. - -
.' J. J. Q uelch, special commissioner of
British Guiana, told that while his
country is located -on the equator the
thermometer seldom rises above 70 deg.,
and never to 90. ■ . it seems that tho
northeast trade winds blow constantly,
oyer the land and keep the temperature
'-\' ■"'[ 'Facts About Turkey. -....--..
; A. G. Asdlkian, the Turkish commis
sioner of agriculture, and who, by the
way, was one of the most interesting
characters on the trip, told of his coun
try. He says that contrary to the belief
in this country Turkey has not a mo
narchical but a constitutional govern
ment." S:[ir- J '■
f "There Is' no capital punishment
there, as you folks think," said he.
£ "How about the bowstringing?" asked
one of the party. -'■-. - -.-tS&ffißfflß|
."Bowstringing! Bosh; that is all a
fiction. No such thing ever takes place
in Turkey. I said that we have no cap
ital punishment. I must explain. The
j udges of the courts sentence 'convicted
murderers to be hangad, and the sultan
commutes their sentences to life im
prisonment. It is very many " years
since anybody was hanged in my coun
try. I want to say another thing;
Americans who : live In Turkey have
more liberties than the Americans
'who live in Russia.. The . grand
vizier has much more to do with the
government than the sultan. He is the
.head of the cabinet. You. would call
him the secretary of ■ state, and the
English would call him prime minister.
The sultau is little more than a figure
head. ' We have twelve cabinet officers,
and each in his department is an auto
crat. For instance, the minister of agri
culture can do as he pleases, for all the
sultau can (say, about the agricultural
department. Maybe you would like
to know something: about myself.
am an Armenian, and my race is
called the Yankees of Turkey, aud they
really are. 1 was born in the Garden
of Eden, the real Garden of Eden,
from which Adam and Eve were ex
pelled. 1 will explain that. Kharpoot
(or Harpoot, as you Americans spell it),
where 1 was born, is one of the " oldest
cities in the world, and is located on the
identical spot between the four ■ rivers
as described in the "authenticated ac
counts of the location -of the Garden.
[Here he displayed a map of Armenia,
and pointed out the: four rivers aud Ar
menia.] It may. surprise \ you to - know
that Mohammedans are prohibitionists.
The Koran strictly forbids the use of
t any intoxicating liquors, and; the many
-who live up to their religion have never
tasted liquor in their lives."
Master Cutler of Sheffield.
Mr. Atkinson, who is the master cut
ler of Sheffield, detailed how his office
came into existence. It is the highest
office in the gift of the people of Shef
field, • in 1624 a charter was granted .. to
"a company of cutlers, called the Cut
lers' Company of Hallenshlre, which
place • i-mbraced . Sheffield, and* came
afterwards to be called by that
name. Since that : date the place
[ has ' elected annually a master cutler,
- who is at the head of : the guild. I
am the. 269 th: master cutler, and: en
Nov. S, 1892. 1 gave the twenty ni'ith
annual banquet, at which were present
as guests -Lord Uerschell, the Duke of
tTeck, and many other noblemen and
high dignitaries of England; also rep
resentatives of every British colony,
among whom were several prime min
isters. Canada was represented by Hon.
Mr. Foster, minister of .finance. 1 sup
pose "you know that Sheffield manufact
ures more cutlery than all the - rest of
'the 'rworld^ajQd..that we make more
hardware than any ' other city In the
Dr. Emil Hassler, commissioner gen- ,
: eral of 'Paraguay/ gave : an Interesting
account of ah article of food used in his
country . which is unknown .in North
America. It <is called Paraguay : tea,
Continued oji Fourth Page.
GATLING GUNS READY.
ENORMOUS CROWD OF CHICAGO'S UN
VEHY QUICKLY SCATTERED.
Heavy Squadrons of Police Called
Out and Are Attacked by the
Mob With Coupling Pins-
Order Soon Restored— Mayor
.;._. Harrison Will Allow No More
Crowds or Speeches. .
i; , Chicago, Aug. 30.— Gatling guns In;
ns3 directly in front of ' the Auditorium
was the scene .. imminent for a short
time today. " Coupling pins and clubs ■
were : the - worst ... weapons actually
brought into use, however, and the most
prominent public grounds in the city,
the landing place of the world's fair
steamers,. was narrowly spared a spec
tacle of carnage paralleling the memo
rable Haymarket riot.* -.'~rZ.Z :
. An enormous crowd of. unemployed
men and women had congregated on the
lake front for the purpose of holding a
mass meeting. The number of people
assembled was so very much larger
than expected that 500 policemen were
hurriedly placed on for duty at
the park,and 1,000 additional more sum
moned from distant police stations to be
in readiness in case of trouble. The
police were very apprehensive of a dis
turbance, and tooK every precaution to
prevent a serious outbreak.
- During the morning crowds of unem
ployed and idle spectators crowded
around the - - *
As the minutes passed the crowd
grew larger and more turbulent. Indi
cations of rioting began to manifest
themselves, and in addition to the num
ber of officers in plain clothes circulat
ing among the ; - throng. Chief, of Police
Brennan summoned first 500 uniformed
men, and later a round thousand.
. The first uniformed. police to arrive
were . under command of Inspector
Laughlin, and were cheered as they ap
peared among the crowd. The com
mander was told that a crowd of 500
Italians and others had started up State
street, bent on mischief. With thirty
men the iuspector started after the mob.
The police came upon the crowd at
Louis Stizzari's provision store at "565
State street. In the basement of Stiz
zari's market were stored fifty rifles
and a number of flags used by the Ital
ian societies in . their parades. These
the mob demanded, and Invaded the
premises to obtain possession of them.
Splzzari, who is a : leader among the
Italians, addressed the crowd, and,
after refusing to let them have the
Guns and Flags, .
pushed the invaders out of " his store
and locked the doors. As a concession
Stiazari gave the leaders $2 and they
bought Italian and American flags and
returned to the Columbus monument on
the lake front, followed by the police
squad. During the parley the police
kept the: streets near St?zzari's place
clear, but made no arrests.
- News of the ' events on State street
irritated the lake front mob, and it be
came more and more disorderly.; Ex
cited individuals ■ made speeches con
tinuously, and soon stones began to be
thrown. \. Rioters who were on the east
ern outskirts of the mob picked up
coupling plus from the Illinois Central
tracks and the heavy missiles were
thrown toward the police.
Inspectors Shea and Laughlin at this
juncture promptly ordered a charge on
the crowd. " "v>
in force were by this time but a short
distance south of the body of the mob,
and before '■ the rioters saw the advance
the shock came. The contest was of
short duration. -
As the heart of the mob around the
monument saw their friends : scattered
before the. swinging. clubs, the leaders
turned and fled. : Tbeir course lay north
and west out of - the park to Michigan
avenue.-" In an Incredibly ; short time
the mob dwindled away and the rioters
sought r safe escape _ : in the alleys and
- During the riot the back door of Bat
tery D armory, facing the Illinois Cen
tral tracks and almost within plain view
of the mob, stood wide open. The bat
tery has four 12-pound Napoleons and
four Gatling guns, all of which, the
officer said, were ready for business.
. About 5:30 o'clock, after Chief B ren
nan had received notice that the
Lake Front meeting
was over and the crowd had dispersed,
he issued orders to Inspector Fitzpat
rick to begin dismissing the reserves..
The same order that was. observed at
the city hall was followed at the other
stations where men had been held in.
reserve during the, day. The company,
which reported., first in the morning
was first ordered back to.the . station .
from which It came. -.At twenty-minute
intervals- the- otlier -companies '; were t
sent away, each instructed to follow a
certain route, thafrthey might called ■
if it should prove to be necessary I ' / .
At the armory of the Second infantry,
which is situated on the lake front not
far from the Columbus monument, there
was much earnest work being done this
evening. A guard is at all times sta
tioned iii the armory, but tonight Col.
Judd, commanding the regiment, gave
orders for a stronger force, thinking it
necessary to protect the. muskets and
ammunition held there. A line of
pickets was thrown around the build
ing, aud \ inside the armory a strong
force of men was ready to resist any
possible attempt on the part ot the mob
to sack the building. - The same condi
tions prevailed at- the armory of the
First infantry and the. West side armory
of the Second Infantry. Ammunition
was delivered to all the regiments, by
order of Brig. Gen. Wheeler, command
the First brigade of the Illinois national
guard. •.. - . ■_.
Mayor Harrison said tonight regard
ing the troubles of the day:
"If this. thing continues, unless the
people stop these' meetings on the lake
front, if.they do meet there tomorrow I
am going to keep them moving and not'
allow any speeches to be made. I have
just given such an "order to Chief of
Police Brennan. If even then the people
continue to make trouble am going to
clear the lake front and keep it clear."
Chief Brennan intends, to throw
enough policemen. into .the park iv the
morning at 7 o'clock before the crowd
begins to gather to enforce the order he
received from the. mayor. He has no
doubt but that he will be able to enforce
it without trouble.
.. ' At the mass meeting of laboring men
this afternoon Bishop Fallows, of Chi
cago, Miss Kate Field and Terence V.
Powderly were the principal speakers
advertised for Platform No. 2. The lat
ter, however, failed to put in an appear
ance. Bishop Fallows spoke first,
counseling moderation, and urging the
men to call for help upon some of the
saloons," which, in times gone by, had
absorbed a large amount ot the earnings
ol so many workmen, and if the saloons
refused to aid them 'to boycott them.
He continued: . - •
"People, the public officials are in
fympathy with you. g They have sprung 1
rom out of your own ranks. Where
did our policemen come from?—"
- The bishop was not permitted to
answer his own question. With one
voice three or four hundrod people
yelled, "From Ireland," and the
laughter that followed nearly destroyed
the bishop's speech.
• Kate Field was next introduced, and
said she belonged to no party aud was
uot .there to advance any interests or
any sections, but to show her sympathy
for her. less fortunate brethren. She
declared herselt in favor of government
employing agencies to be established
just as custom houses and postoffices
were now established, and if the de
partment of labor was made a cabinet
office, and employment agencies estab
lished in every city throughout the
country, the working classes would find
great relief from the present condition,
and would be distributed where their
services were demanded.
Sparta's Postofflce Robbed.
Sparta, Wis., Aug.. 30.— The post
office was robbed of, 1800 in money and
stamps last night. .There is no clue to
the perpetrators, ' but It is thought the
men may be in the Twin Cities, and the
police departments have been notified.
Tailor Assigns. ..
: Eau i Claire,': Wis., "Aug. , 30.—
ward S.;'Ganzke, a. merchant tailor,
made an assignment ; today "to Louis
Rhan. '.- His assets are estimated at $25,
--000; liabilities not kuown,
YOUR CHOICE OF 100 BOOKS
Written by the Best Authors.
SECURE ONE FOR A DIME
COUPONS FROM THE GLOBE. ;
A full list of the Books offered, and
bow to get ihcni, will be found on the
Fifth I- age of 'S his Issue. '^Z Zi_-
CLEARING THE WRECK
Old Southern City of Charles
ton in Ruins.
LOSS OVER A MILLION DOLLARS.
Without Gas, Electricity and.
Railroad Communication* '
ONE HUNDRED LIVES LOST;
Enormous Damage to Prop
erty at Other Points. ,
COLUMBIA COMPLETELY CUT OFF 2
• Cuahi.kston, S. C, Aug. 30.— Tim
cyclone is ended; the city has started'
to repair the damage, while yet almost!
shut off from communication with the
outer world. The sight presented yes->
terdaywasa familiar one to people of
this city— a city almost in ruins, the
streets and thorough fares strewn with
debris from the. roofs of stores and
dwellings, the roadways blocked by
hundreds ot giant trees uprooted from
the earth, sidewalks strewn with
crumbling brick and mortar; courts, |
alleys and by-paths under water;'
a .magnificent water front with its'
costly docks, where the fleets of a con-*'
tinent could be berthed, piled with
wreckage; many churches unroofed and
almost every residence In the city mora
"or less injured. Water and wind had
played havoc in the old city by the sea,
and laid waste some of its pleasantesC :
streets. The work of reconstruction
began in the small hours of the dawn, '.
ane while the fierce gale was still howl
ing through the town, threatening'
almost total annihilation. Along tha
by-ways and on the thoroughfares could!
bo seen the hewer of wood, the African*
American citizen of Charleston, true to
the instinct of his race, armed with big
and little hatchets, clearing away the
debris with a provident eye for extra
firewood. : . .
A Tew minutes later, away up King,
street, a battalion of workmen, armed
with axes, saws, picks and spades, com
menced 'working their way down the
streets, followed close in the . rear by
one of the familiar but indispensable
bobtails of the street railway, on its
march from Line street to the Battery;
and as it progressed southward, almost
in the teeth of the gale, a hedge of
evergreen arose on. each side of the
roadway and the street The first
step toward a return from chaos to civ
ilization is once s more in evidence. , A
rough .estimate places the losses, at
'something over a million dollars. There'
are uo lights iii the city, both, gas audi.
fi electricity having given out, and there.'
has been uo railroad com muuication .
south of us,' The total loss of life is six - -
people. Z'^:.-ZZZ;_ZZZ'Z'.Z^..'- ',>
SEVENTY SWOLLEN BODIES l
Taken From the Coosa River by .
■Z-Z-\ Searching: Parties.
Augusta, Ga., Aug. News from, _
the storm-swept district of Port Royal. t :
and Beaufort Is still very meager.
There is no telegraphic communication
with these places, tho only news ob
tainable being by mail. News received
by the Chronicle tonight brings the i
startling intelligence that seventy
dead and swollen bodies were taken ,
from the Coosaw river today by search^ I
ing parties. Not one-half of the horrors
of the storm have yet been told, as mes- j
sengers from surrounding sections are '
arriving hourly, bringing news of deaths •
and terrible havoc caused by. ;
Saturday night's gale. The, result j
of the day's work of relief puts the . !
number of missing at over one \
hundred, but owing to the poor means ' "
of communication correct lists of the
dead cannot be obtained. In several j
places . along the Coosaw river were ]
found eight or ten bodies lying on the]
bank close together. Graves were
hastily ■dug near the places, of
discovery, of the bodies and without
ceremony- the storm victims were !
placed beneath the earth. Many of the '
dead were so far advanced in putrefica- '■
tion that the sight was sickening and
revolting. Suffering in some localities
among negroes is reported as being dls-i
tresslng, in some cases there being
only one or two left out of whole!
■ families, or ten or fifteen. . To ■- '
the extent of their ability,
the people of Beaufort and Port Royal j
are rendering all assistance in their ;
power to stricken families who' lost all '
in the flood. Provisions and clothing
are. being liberally distributed to those
most needy. No news of a definite
character been received Irom St.
Helena and other surrounding islands.
The Islands for the must part are thickly
populated, and it is feared that the loss
of life has been very great. ...
COLUMBIA. CUT OFF.
No Communication With the Out- :
side World— of Lite and. .
Property. •.'.'. -i
Columbia, S.C., Aug. 30.— storm
of Sunday night and Monday morning
was oue of the fiercest, that has ever
swept over South Carolina. Wires are
down in every direction and details are
hard to get at. The . damage was gen
eral, extending over the entire. state,
severest in the southwestern angle,! and
the least severe In the northwestern
angle. The , damage ,at Beaufort and
Port Royal ,aud the neighboring low
Islands skirting the Atlantic: coast was
frighttul, if reports are accurate. Rice
fields along the Savannah and its afflu
ent streams were torn up by the winds
and waters. ; - Water was driven in from
the Atlantic, and the tides are unprec
edented high, in some places : being
eighteen feet above mean high water,
mark. .-.■'.• ■:•* ' '■'■_. •' .-;-,:.. /v .,
Rice cut and stacked was cut and ;
swept away, and uncut rice suffered
severely. The Sea island cotton farms
Terribly Washed Up.
: Indefinite reports are ' received from
Port Royal and Beaufort making it ap
pear that the storm did : greater damage
there-and in that vicinity than else
where. One r. port Is to the effect that
100 lives weie lost "at those two places
and > along the Atlantic coast Z inter- '■'■■
vening. "' ■';•.' y.'^y
"Most of t::e los was. among the ne-'-?"
, Continued on Fourth i 5 ag«i
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