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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 24, 1893, Image 13

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GLADSTONE EIGHTY-FOUR,
.BIRTHDAY Or THE GRAND OLD MAN
COMES NEXT FRIDAY. -
SHOUT SKETCH OF HIS LIFE.
Closing Scenes in One of the
G.'.* .test Career* or the Cent
ury—His Wile, His Children
anil His Happy Home Life —
How He Lives in London and
at t* awarder..
Special Correspondence of the Globe.
[Copyright.]
New York, D_;c. 22. -It is difficult to
anticipate the -judgment of the histor
ians and assign William Ewarf Glad
stone the place he will occupy among
the public men who have shaped the
affairs of England during this century.
He looms so large to his generation that
even Lord John Kussell and Palmers
ton are dwarfed. In fact, he '"domin
ates the stage."' Fifty years from
now it will be less difficult
to estimate the debt England
owes him— this old charioteer who has
guided safely the wild team of dem
ocracy and radicalism. The little things
that make up his life are more easily
read today. We who have seen him
Bir.ding along Pall Mall, straight, erect,
a gallant old man in a shocking bad hat,
or pottering over the book stands up
Westminster way, know more of him
than the historians will ever know.
The 2i)th of December he enters his
eighty-fourth year. And he has the
vigor and vitality of a man twenty years
younger, it is a rare good thing, that
heritage of healthy, pure Scotch blood
Which Hows in the'old man's veins and
keeps him young.
It was eight or nine years ago that I
taw Mr. Gladstone for the first time. I
had gone to the house of commons to
. see T. P. O'Connor, M. P., about
lomething or other. He told me that
.Gladstone would probably speak dur
ing the evening and secured a seat for
me in the peers' gallery. The house
Itself, as I daresay every one knows, is
Df oblong shape. "On either side are
rows of benches cushioned in green
leather and raised a little above
MRS. GLADSTONE.
lach other. There are four of these
rows on each side, with a broad passage
between covered with matting. The
great commoner lolled there on the
treasury bench, seemingly indifferent
to a very dull speech by a Scotch mem
ber. His legs were stretched out in
front of him, his hands lay in his lap,
his head hung on his breast. It was the
figure of a sad and weary old man.
He was not to be badgered into a
Fpeech '.he night to which I refer. While
the Scotch member .Ironed ou he leaned
back and played with his tortoise-shell
eyeglass or fingered his shirt studs.
The current pictures are remarkably
like him. It is easy to give an impres
sion of that line head with its scant
fringe of white hair. The features are
Strong and prominent. The eyes are
large, luminous and gray. He is a
Blight, lean man, under medium height.
In fact, one is struck by his appar
ent fragility. One would have im
agined his restless energy would have
fretted his body to decay long ago. He
Dresses carelessly in old-fashioned
clothes. His usual costume in the house
of commons is a lons, ill-fitting black
frock coat, a low-cut waistcoat and plaid
Trousers. The caricaturists have made
famous his rumpled and voluminous
shirt front and wide-winged collar.
With English reticence, however, they
rarely refer to the fact that he has lost
three fingers of his left hand. The
American cartoonist would have picked
on that patch of black silk over the
knuckles at once. Mr. Gladstone usu
ally wears a glove on that hand.
lie is a tempestuous old man, full of
restless force and nervous energy.
Gladstone has said that he is proud of
; two things, his pure Scotch descent and
ills love for Oxford. He was born in
Liverpool, where his father, Sir John
Gladstone, was a merchant of consider
able importance. From him Gladstone
MR. GLADSTONE'S STUDY.
Inherited a fortune.and. what is of more
Importance, the baggage of Tory
Opinions he had when he entered
political life. He was educated at Eton
college and Christ Church, Oxford. In
1831 lie achieved one of the greatest
academical feats known by taking a
double first in letters and mathematics.
There still lingers in Oxford the legend
of his phenomenal industry. His first
Intention was to study for the bar, but
through the influence of the Duke of
Newcastle determined to enter political
life. He entered parliament in 1532. as
piember for Newark-on-Trent. He
was then a Conservative, and his first
book was a defense of the union cf
Church and state. When he was twenty
five years old Sir Robert Peel made him
a junior lord of the treasury. A few
months later he was on ted sec
retary of the colonies, position lie held
until Peel went outof office in 1535. Dur
ing the next eighteen .years he held a
number of offices, and gradually swung
round the circle from staunch Toryism to
the liberalism he has held ever since
ISSI. In he was chancellor of the
Exchequer in the Aberdeen coalition
b-inistry and held a place in the Palmer-
Bton toinet which succeeded it. He was
sent to the lonian isles as lord high
commissioner. In 1565 the University
of Oxford rejected him, and a year later
the defeat of the reform bill threw him
and his colleagues into the background.
lie was in his fifty-nineth year when he
was first made prime minister of Eng
land. After the triumph of the Conser
vatives in 1574 he retired, and tor «
cumber of years devoted himself to
literary work. The victory of the
Liberals in IS3O called him again in
power. In 1884 through his efforts the
franchise bill was passed, which gave
5.000,00 the right to vote. The
last years of his life have been given to
the battle for home rule for Ireland.
These are the more prominent facts
In a life of brilliant achievement. .
His home life has been singularly
THE gAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 24, TWENTY PAGES. -CHRISTMAS SUPPLEMENT.
happy. Mrs. Gladstone belonged to {in
aristocratic Welsh family. Her father
was Sir Stephen Flvnn. of Hawatdeu,
Cheshire. She was well educated, and
by nature as well as attainment, was
well suited for the companion and
closest friend of the mau who was to be
come one of the greatest of English
statesmen. She is a type of the best
English women, sedate, amiable, do
mestic. She has not been conspicuous in
any department of life in which her
husband has won honors, but a great
measure of the work he has accom
plished has been due to her. She has
been his wife, his secretary, in every
sense of tho word his helD-maet. She
WILLIAM EWART GLADSTONE.
[From a Photograph.]
has shielded him from all the worries
and frictions of life, and borne all the
cares of the household and estate.
The Tories are fond of laughing at
this tall, gaunt old lady, with her re
markable bonnets and ill-fitting frocks,
her homely cares for her husband and
her busy domesticity. And of a surety
she is an odd figure in the flippant soci
ety of London. But the world sees past
the caricature to the ideal wife and
ideal mother. She is now eighty-one
years of age, and her health is robust
and strong. She is so much a part of
her husband's life that if she were to
break down it would be safe to say that
Gladstone's work would be finished.
They have seven children. The eldest
son, W. A. Gladstone, is lord of the
manor of Hawarden. He is a dull,
heavy, honest man. In fact, none of
the children has inherited any of the
Grand Old Man's intellectual vigor.
Stephen, the second son, is rector of
Hawarden church. Henry, after a
rather wild youth in India, leads the
respectable life of a country gentleman,
and Herbert, the youngest son. has
failed to find any success in public life,
in spite of the advantages with which
he "entered parliament. Two of the
daughters are married. The third, Miss
4
IIA WARDEN CHURCH.
Helen Gladstone, is undoubtedly the
cleverest of the children. She is a
woman of rare culture and one of the
leaders in the new movement for educa
tion for women.
English people have always been fond
of picturing the life of the Gladstones in
the quiet of Hawarden castle. It is
there the great commoner gives full
vent to all his hobbies, and, like almost
all the grand old men of this century-
Bismarck, Ruskiu and the rest of -to em
— he is a determined faddist. He col
lects porcelain, plays the violin, chops
down trees aud reads prayers In the
village church. His wood-cutting ex
ploits are famous, but they are only
part of the general scheme of health
from which he has never varied. Iv his
Oxford days he was an indefatigable
pedestrian, and now he may be seen
almost any day in London swinging
along at a nimble pace. Wherever he
is he takes his regular exercise.
He is a moderate eater and a careful
one. He drinks nothing but light claret
or Bordeaux. He has been known to
smoke a cigarette with the Prince of
Wales now and again, but he is no
friend of tobacco.
A man of politics and a man of books.
Some one or the other has said that he
is a statesman overlaid with literature.
It is a dark epigram, but suggests the
importance of ibe literary side of his
life. His library is one of the most
varied private libraries in England. Iv
fact, the walls of Hawarden castle may
be said to be papered with books.
' Vi v i C-i'
HELEN GLADSTONE.
There is literature of every sort under
the sun, from Sacred Scriptures.ancient
parchments, Homers and Yirgils to
ponderous parliamentary reports, the
latest books of science, art, poetry,
fictiou and ephemeral criticism. Mr.
Gladstone reads omnivorouslv, and
writes— what las he not written? One
remembers articles on theology— he is a
stalwart churchman— Greek and Latin
poetry, jam-making, Italian art, the
Bulgarian question, forestry, the
Homeric question, old • china, Dante,
the Irish question, and the women
novelists. 'lb_se and a hundred other
topics he has taken up and discussed
with the authority that comes from an
adequate knowledge. -
A many- sid*-*d old man.
But it is Gladstone the orator that the
world will prefer to remember, rather
than Gladstone the writer. It is with
spoken words that he Is the true magi
cian. There Is something of the histrion
in him, as there was in his great rival
Beaconsfield. He has the tire, vivacity,
the oratorical coquetry of an Italian.
This was the chief thing that struck
me in his speeches— the -art of them.
He has the art of a perfect actor. The
words are the words of the scholar,
statesman, the gestures are those of the
histrion cast for the role. But -with all
this there is an intense earnestness, a
downright sincerity .of Indignation,
laughter or scorn. A distinguished
debater, as Lord Macaulay called him.
he is aiso the one real orator in England
today— the last of the old parliamen
tarians.
! If you wish to get a realistic picture of
Gladstone as he is today, picture to
yourself a lean, pale old man. an eag le
face, a few white hairs on the bald head,
a petulant nervousness in every gesture;
a man whose little vanities have grown
upon him. And then correct that im
pression by a recollection of the sweet
benignity, the gentleness of manner
which defies the crabbedness of old age.
That is Willian Ewart Gladstone in his
eighty-fourth year. *
He is fighting the hardest fight of his
life with the petulance and enthusiasm
of youth and the stubbomess of old age.
Vance Thompson*.
SLEEPING-CAR PORTER.
If He Is Not a Natural-Born Liar
He Becomes One.
; Chicago Post.
"A sleeping car porter," he said,
bitterly, as he sat in the office of a little
country hotel, waiting for breakfast,
"a sleeping car porter is a born liar."
"Oil. not all of them," protested his
companion.
"Well," he said, thoughtfully, "possi
bly some of them are not. but those who
are not born liars acquire the habit." I
"Oh, no. I've known truthful port
ers.". . „;■..
"You have?"
"Certainly I have."
"I'll bet you the cigars you haven't."
•Til take that. But who'll decide?"
"You."
'T'm prejudiced."
"Oh. no, you're not. You're just
thoughtless. You're thinking about
some of the ordinary things that some
porters lie about but others do not.
Did you ever get into a small town about
5 o'clock in the morning?"
"Certainly."
"And tell the porter the night before
to call you in time to get off there?"
"Yes."
"And he called you?"
"Of course he did."
"And didn't lie about it?"
"No."
"Didn't he tell you you'd be there in
five minutes?"
"Urn— ah— you; I believe he did."
"And watch you frantically wrestle
with your shoes and rush for the wash
room?"
"I— l believe Ido recall something of
that sort."
"And then did you wait and wait and
wait—"
"Here's the cigar. You win. I guess
there never was a porter who wouldn't
lie about that under those circumstance.
I wonder why it is."
HARD ON BOTH.
The Culprit Evidently Had Sym
pathy for the Magistrate.
Blackburn Times.
A tradesman in a mid-Lanarkshire
town was arraigned before one of the
local magistrates on the charge of cut
ting down a tree situated in the back
garden of the house he tenanted without
having obtained the consent of the
landlord. The bailie who was on the
bench chanced to be a pompous, self
opinionated old gentleman, whose legal
knowledge was almost nil, yet who is so
fond of hearing himself speaking that
he cannot resist the opportunity of
lecturing the unlucky persons who are
brought before him.
••What wey did ye cut doon the tree?"
the magistrate inquired sharply, ad
dressing the accused.
"The tree was quite dead an' rotten
ever sin 1 cam' to the hooss, an' as it
spoiled the look of the gairden, I cut it
doon. Besides, 1 didna ken it was ony
hairm, or 1 wad hae let it alane."
"That'll no'dae, ray mon," said the
bailie severely.
"Ye say ye didna ken that it was
wrang. but ignorance o' the law is nae
excuse for ony mon."
"Weal, bailie," replied the culprit
gravely, but with the ghost of a hu
morous twinkle in his eye, "if that's
the case it's gey hard on the baith o' us."
OLD SCHOOL ETIQUETTE.
Polite Manners of 300 Years Ago
Are Still Good.
Hartford Post
"The Rule of Civility," published in
1G57. is not without interest, as the fol
lowing quotations show:
"it is unhandsome among ladies or
any other serious company to throw off
one's coat, to pull off one's peruke, to
clean one's nails, to tie one's garter, to
change one's shoes if they pinch, to call
for one's slippers, to be at ease, to sing
between the teeth or to drum with
one's fingers. It is too juvenile and
light, when in the company of ladies, to
play with them, toss of tumble them, to
force away their hoods, fans or cuffs."
"In eating," the writer cautions his
readers, ''observe that your hands be
clean. Dip not your fingers in the
foods nor lick them when you have
done eating. If you have occasion to
sneeze or cough hold your napkin before
your face. Drink not with your mouth
full nor un wiped, nor until you are
forced to. breathe in the glass." -
Holiday Rates.
The St. Paul & Duluth R. R. will sell
round-trip tickets to all local points at
one and one-third fare en Dec. 88, 84,
25, 30, 31 and Jan. l.limited for return to
and Including Jan. 3, 1894.
OUR COMPOSITE LETTER.
DR. O-SULLIVAN.JHE CRICHTON OF
THE NEW YORK BAR. !
A Brief Study of Dr. Parkhurst
and His Methods — George
. Gould'* Wife and Sister— Or.
McGlynn and the Italian Mis
sion—A Glance at Hamlin Gar
land. 1
Special Correspondence to the Globe. [Copy
■-'■':• righted.] ;
New York, Dec. 22. There is some
thing of the viking in this remarkable
young medico-legal expert. Dr. William
Joseph O'Sullivan. Broad-shouldered,
deep-chested, thewed like a prize-fighter,
with blue eyes like a sailors, and; a
** V *V£ S - J^ . •;■*
thatch of curl
ing yellow hair,
he see m.s ;t o
have stepped
down from one
of the old dare
devil centuries
w h en men
drank hard,
..fought hard,
I loved hard and
& lived hard. As
of fact.
heis 4i charged."
as the electri
cians says, with
Nt, w. j. o'suxltvajt. vitality. De
fore he concentrated his energies on
law and science he worked off that
vitality in all sorts of adventures. In
1881 he held a lieutenant's commission
in the Third Hussars, which made the
expedition Fn Zululand. At time—
this was during his career at Yale— he
sickened of respectability and joined a
troop of traveling players. In Savan
nah the company went to pieces, and
the amateur player took the manager to
Europe for a holiday. In a few months
he was back in his study.
Dr. O'Snilivau was born in Cork in
ISM. He took his degree of B. A. at
Ediuburg. Iv London he studied
chemistry and pathology and became
one of the best known miscroscopists in
England. There, too. he ' was made a
member of the Royal Society of Veter
inary Surgeons. When.in 1882, he came
to the United States, he was already a
man of established reputation. At Yale
ha took degrees of M. D. and LL. B. In
1883, while state veterinarian of Massa
chusetts, he made a series of original in
vestigations in tuberculosis in cattle
and established the fact that the disease
migh tbe communicated through milk to
human beings. He practiced medicine in
New Haven for a few years, and then
came to New York and entered upon the
practice of law. 1 daresay he" might
tell a good many "hard-luck tales" of
that first year here. Then he was re
tained in the Buchanan case— that poi
soning case out of which he snatched a
reputation as sudden as it was brilliant.
Rarely has tame come upou a man in
such a burst of brightness. The scien
tific journals of Germany and England
are still discussing the revolution he
worked in "expert evidence." Before
the Buchanan case a hired expert's word
was taken unquestioned. No one had.
ventured to criticise his dogmatism.
But here was a lawyer, himself an ex- ,
pert, and he took those autocratic dog
matists and turned them inside out. He
demonstrated their iguorance of the*,
very subjects on which they Dosed as'
experts. For the first time in an Amer
ican court the question of ptomaines—,
those strange substances generated in a
decomposing body— was raised. The,'
district attorneys had never even heard."
the word. The* experts knew almost as
little. Dr. O'Sullivan isolated these
ptomaines in court and showed just how
the unlearned experts had mistaken,
them for vegetable poisons.
It was a dramatic scene in that stuffy
court room of the old General Sessions"
building. It meant the downfall. of the
paid expert, hired to swear to anything;
the state asked. it discredited the pro
fessional scientific witnesses on whom,
the district attorney has always counted.
In addition, it made the young * lawyer ..
physician famous.
The most remarkable thing about him
is the variety and extent of his knowl
edge—he is a scientist who wrested a
victory from Yirchow; in chemistry,
toxicology, pathology, surgery, in gen
eral law, marine law and the recondite
branches of his profession he is thor
oughly equipped. In fact, he might pose
as an "expert"— if experts were not
discredited— iv any one of a dozen sub
jects. He Is a strong and vigorous
writer, and Is the author of a number of
valuable scientific works. He is a mem
ber of Tammany Hall, and makes a
rattling stump speech. Withal, he is a
jolly, good fellow— fences well, boxes
well, sings a good song and mixes a
good salad.
He is associated with Charles W.
Brooke and Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler
in the defense of Dr. Henry C. F.
Meyer, who is accused of a sensational
series of poisonings.
Vaxce Tuompsox..
STUDY OF DR. PARKHURST.
Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst is said by
his foes as well as his friends to be the
best educated man in the New York
pulnit today. He is a profound and
deep thinker. In his early life he was a
school teacher in New England, where
be was born and spent the larger part
ot Ins career.
Like most
country- bred
boys li c was
ambitious to
obtain an edv
cation, and so
he studied
hard day and
night until he
k finally fitted
himself to en
ter Amherst.
elie then went
7a broad and
studied theolo
gy at Halle and
Leipsic. and
after that re-
Dr.. c. h. paekduest. turned and be
came principal
of the high school in Amherst, and pro
fessor of belles lettres in Williston's
seminary. East Hampton, Mass. It was
in 1574 that he became pastor of the
Congregational church of Lenox, Mass.,
and so impressed himself upon the*
wealthy New Yorkers summering there
that he was invited to become pastor of J
the Madison Square Presbyterian church
in this city. - *
Dr. Parkhurst has traveled all over
the world, has written for various maga
zines, and is the author of "The Forms
of the Latin Verb Illustrated by San
scrit."
In his pulpit Dr. i'arkhurst is uot an
imposing figure. His hair is long, his
chin whiskers drooping and unkempt-'
looking, his eyes bowed with spectacle?,
and over his thin form fails the black
robe of the preacher. All his sermons
are written out and read from manu
script most laboriously. As an orator
Dr. Parkhurst is not a success. There :
is no magnetism in his mqnner or chirm •
in his voice, but he is intensely earnest
and rattles off with glib tongue sentence
after sentence that interests his large
congregation. As a student of theology
he has few equals in this city and his
sermons devoted to the discussion of the
great theological problems are indeed
masterpieces.
Since Dr. Parkhurst became the most
talked about man in New York, because
of his efforts to rout the Tammany po
lice force, the public has learned to re
gard him as a champion without fear
and a fighter who never wavers. Dr.
Parkhurst's method -of warfare is ag
gressive from beginning to end. His
fight in New York City js'not generally
understood. It is not his plan to drive
unfortunate fallen women into the
streets, but it is his sole idea to
compel what he regards as a corrupt
police department to gtoo blackmailing
the unfortunates who "live by devious
ways of all kinds. For the fallen wom
en who are driven into the streets, Dr.
Parkhurst has sympathy and gives aid :
freely. Opinions are divided as to
whether bis work will -be of lasting
good or not, and there are many relig
ious men and women who disagree with
bim entirely in his methods. Still, the
lighting parson keeps on. It may be
said in all truthfulness that he is the
.onlytinan-of recent years who has rat
tled the entire police : force of Gotham.
A man between fifty and sixty years of
age,' of slight ohysique, and without any
of the training of a leader in great
movements, he has hurled: defiance at
the entire police management of this
city, and so far he has created the great
est sensation in police and' criminal cir
cles ever known in New York's crim
inal record. . ■
: Dr. Parkhurst tells me that the fight
has only just begun. : He is going to
carry the struggle up to the legislature
aud ask for legislation that will help
him clean the Augean stables. If his
health aud life is spared he will give
New York City a better police depart
ment within the next .year than it ever
knew before. Foster Coates.
MORALITY IN NKW YORK.
New York is suffering from a very
acute moral spasm— because it has
nothing else to do. Every big city is
taken that way _ about once in every
seven years, and the attack Is very
severe while it last.*. .The clause
dn ventre and Dr. Parkhurst have
done the deed,
but the symp
toms have been
there for a long
time. We
groaned at the
immorality of
"The Second
Mrs. Tanque
ray." and went
to see it at least
twice, in order
to be quiet sure
that we were
right in calling
it immoral. We
cried out in au-
AUOUSTiN DALY. « uish at "**«<»
Angels" at the Irving Place Theater,
and went in droves to that house, just
to let the manager know that we fully
realized how naughty the playwright
was.
This time last season we were simply
reveling on the French quadrille at the
Academy of Music— but that was before
our feverish . symptoms announced
themselves. We" saw four brazen
young ladies bifurcating themselves
nightly for a few dollars a week,
and we went wild with joy. It was
exactly what we wanted to see. So
popular was this dance that at the pres
ent time— and this tact has not yet been
published— it is being taught to children
at a dancing school not far from Fifty
ninth street. They call the dance "the
slide." instead of "the split," but it is
precisely the same thing.
Adventuresses and betrayed women
filled our plays week after week, but we
never objected. "The Crust" and "The
Froth of Society" flourished, "Lady
Windermere's Fan" spread itself out,
the burlesquers were full of satri spe
cialties, and dances of all sorts and de
scriptions were openly advertised.
What did we do? "We went to see them
before we were taken in. We went be
cause we enjoy that sort of thing, as
long as nobody tells us that it is hide
ously immoral.
Oh. the cant and the hypocrisy that
fester in this city, and break out during
the moral fit! What Pecksniffs our
managers turn out to be! What brick
heaps of humility and abjectness crop
up at every corner. It is sickening.
The moral fit shows New York at its
worst. It displays the inconsistency,
the unreliability, and the flaunting
pruriency of its people. The present
attack threatens to be even more severe
than usual. We shall probably de
mand a wedding ring on the fingers of
all our actresses, a badge of rectitude
on the breasts of 'our actors, and moral
tig leaves on the pens of our writers.
The two managers of this city (one of j
these is now in London) who are always \
prepared for these occasions are Daniel •
Frohman and Augustin Daly. Mr.
Frohman does not object to an
ultra,- decollete j bodice — although
,he will probably ..make .... Georgia
Cayvau sew on a frill of lace while this
attack lasts— but he will have no ladies
gone wrong in his ulays. As .for Mr.
Daly, his morality has always been on
the surface. When he produced his
American version of "L'Eufant Pro
digue" in this city he insisted upon the
marriage of Pierrot and Phrynette, for
the sake of sweet, guileless Miss Rehan,
who played Pierrot. Alan Dale.
GOULD'S WIPE;* AND SISTER.
lii this most astonishing case of black
mail upon a young millionaire by a
brazen and illiterate beauty, every
heart in the land I am sure beats,
with deepest sympathy for those
good women, and genuine Christians,
Edith and Helen . Gould. It
% %
seemed as if a
god of justice
aided the god
of love in
causing George
Gould to select
the lovely
woman he did
to help him
use his vast
; fortune.
That fortune
was accumu
lated through
monstrous
frauds and
col 0 s s a 1
sins, george gould. thefts; but
n c it her
George nor his brothers or sisters were
responsible for this. It is the system,
rather ' than the individual men,
who is to be blamed — a sys
tem which vitiates church, so
ciety and state of our ' boasted
civilization. And it would seem as if
the hearts of Jay Gould's daughters
and his daughter-in-law were bent
upon making reparation to the needy
world for every dollar through this
process. Almost every day I hear of
beautiful genuine deeds of helpfulness
and charity done by these women. They
do not give their money into the hands
of an unreeling agent to distribute, as
so many wealthy women do: they give
It with their personal sympathy and
womanly tenderness. thereby increasing
it tenfold.
Over and over I hear the names of
Edith Kingdon and Helen Gould men
tioned by people of high and low de
gree, and always with the same warm
words and tones, which speak volumes.
They Scatter seeds of, kindness, real
benevolence, and geOulfie Christlike
ness wherever they go. It is not
enough for them that they endow a
hospital or a church; their Sourly lives
are one succession of srfiall thoughtful
acts of kindness and syraphthv'for other
people less blessed than they. If all
our rich people were like them, what a
world this would be.
And what a shame and outrage that
these tender-h._ar.ed and noble vfbffien
must suffer sffch mortification and pain
through the plot of a shameless adven
turess.
So far as there is comfort in sym
pathy, I am sdfe the sweet-souted wife
and sister may feel they * have that of
every wonrait'and man in the land with
. the exception of their persecutors.
EJlla wSeeleb Wilcox.
M'GLYXN AND ASSOCIATES.
The mention of the name of. Dr. Ed
ward McGlynn in connection with the
Italian mission
revives interest
in a virile and
picturesque per
sonality, who for
seven years past
has claimed and
held a large
share of public
attention. Many
a WOrse choice
for . minister to
the co d r t of
(King Humbert
could be. made.
He has ability
and tact, is high
ly educated,
' dr. M'GLYinr. lived in Rome
for years, and wohld be acceptable both
to the king and to the pope.
Since his restoration to the priesthood
and visit to Rome Dr. McGlynn has
been living quietly in Brooklyn, lectur
ing occasionally and writing now and
then for the leading reviews. But what
a career he has to look back upon ! He
was a poor and friendless lad when he
attracted the attention of Archbishop
Hughes, who sent him to Rome
and had him educated for the
priesthood. In the twenty years
following his return from Rome, he be
came the most popular and best known
Driest in America, and but for the secret
cabal formed to prevent it would today
be archbishop of New York. Then
came his espousal of the ideas of Henry
George, his active participation in pol
itics and his excommunication, the lat
ter followed after years of waiting by !
his vindication and restoration.
Time has played havoc with many of !
the bright and brainy men who sin - j
rounded Dr. McGlvnu in the days
when he figured In politics and presided
at the meetings of -his anions Anti-
Poverty society. Croasdale ami Mc-
Creadv are dead. John McMackin holds
a small place in the custom house, and
his name . seldom it ever creeps
into print Gaybert Barnes, wi
liest of the lot, is now
a publisher at Middleton. Conu..
and is rarely seen in his old haunts in
New York. Henry George, captain of
the troop, has dropped out of active
politics, and when not lecturing devotes
his time to the work ou political econ
omy on which he has been engaged for
several years. The relations between
George and McGlynn were at one time
strained to the point of breaking, but
they are now friends again.
. Erkn Clayton.
GARLAND i\ NEW YORK.
Hamlin Garland has left Boston and
settled down for the winter, at least, in
New Yor'.
Though li * s '■.
far and w y
the stron. e.t
writer who has
yet come out of
thi West, hi_
previous visits
to New York
have been few
and brief, aid
as a result, * ut
side of a few
personal
friends and ad
mirers, he s
known only i
hamein garland, name in Go.i.
am's literary circles.
He told me, when 1 chatted with him
for a half hour the other day, that one
reason why he bad decided to live for a
while in New York was his desire to be
come better acquainted with New York
authors. I think his decision a wise
one, and I opine that his fellow workers
hereabouts will take to him most cordi
ally when they come to know him. He
is a frank, modest, manly, whole
souled fellow, whom success
has not in the least spoiled, as it
has some other young authors whom 1
could mention, if Iso desired. Still he
is a man of positive opinions, with the
courage to express them whenever oc
casion demands. He is a hard worker
as well as a conscientious one, and re
vises and polishes with extremest care.
His success is the result of real genius
allied to an infinite capacity for taking
pains, and so is bound to increase as
time passes. 7. •/
Mr. Garland has sought out a cosy den
up town, and is already busy with his
pen. Possibly in the end he will follow
the example of Lowells, Hardy and
many another, and locate here per
manently; and if he does so, perhaps he
will give us the great novel of New
York for which we have all so long
been looking. Rufus 11. Wilson.
A SNOWPLAKE.
It is Blue, Not White— Study of
. Crystalization.
Baltimore Sun.
The first snow of winter is always
hailed with mingled feelings of pleasure
and apprehension. The youngsters wel
come it with unalloyed delight, but their
elders realize that it is but the harbinger
of many and more severe storms which
will bring misery to some and discom
fort to all. But even these cannot but
admire the beauty of the little crystals
of water as they fall so softly and gently
from the skies. Even in the mass its
pure whiteness and its soft feathery
character give snow a charm peculiarly
its own, which has been celebrated in
proverb aiid poem, in all ages of man
kind. It came rather as a shock to learn,
as the realistic painters showed and the
philosophers corroborated, that the
snow was not white, but blue; a faint
and delicate blue it is true, but one well
marked in deep shadows and exactly
that of water when viewed in large
masses. Pure water in small bulk is
almost perfectly transparent, but in
large masses gives a distinctly blue tint
to wnite objects when seen through It.
So the whiteness of the snow, due to
interference of the light by the reflec
tion and refraction of the innumerable
facets of minute crystals, is found to be
tinged with blue when these interfer
ences are sufficiently numerous.
For snow is nothing more than crys
tal i zed water, and its beauty In mass is
surpassed by the beauty of some of the
individual crystals which catch on one's
coat sleeve or fall on the ground, when
examined closely by the eye, or, still
better, when looked at th tough a mag
nifying glass. Multitudes of forms of
all degrees of complexity from the
slender, straight needle to tbe most
complicated star-like figures have been
drawn and described; butinsoiteof
this great diversity they are all abso
lutely uniform in their primary design,
that of the hexagonal prism. The ordi
nary form is that of straight needles of
ice radiating from a common center,
and the straight needles occasionally
seen are regarded as broken or incom
plete specimens of this class, but each
of these needles is capable of throwing
outpther needle-like branches, always
at symmetrical distances, and always at
an angle of 60 or 120 degrees. Occasion
ally little plaits are seen, but these,
aiso, are invariably six-sided planes, the
ahgles*of which are still 120 degrees.
What is the meaning of this rigid ad
herence to a certain geometrical form?
Evidently the result is the action of
physical force of the individual mole
cules which make up the crystals, and
evidently also this force is either all
pervading or else inherent in the mole
cules themselves, for the crystals figured
by Arctic explorers and those ' found in
the mountains of the Andes are prac
tically identical. There i§ scarcely a
Possibility of a doubt that the force,
whatever it is, which determines the
form of crystals is Inherent in the mole
cules of fahich the crystal is composed,
and, perhaps, represents the position of
the atOflis in the molecules' .themselves.
The theory of crystallization has been
so elaborately worked out that it is sec
ond only to those of mathematics and
chemistry itself in exactness. So ac
curate is it that the crystalline form
of a substance unknown in other than
a liquid or a gaseous state, and even
that or a substance entirely tjhlitiown,
but whose existence is possible, can be
predicted with accuracy. This . is the
ast and greatest test of a scientific
theory. To most minds it is a complete
proof ef the correctness of that theory.
Crystallized water assumes the form
of a hexagonal prism, not rOm chance,
but because it is. compelled to assume
that form on account 01 its moleular
a'ffangement, and the arrangement of
the molecules is due to the forms which
the atoms themselves assume within
the molecule, or rather to the restric
tions of their several ranges of move
ment through their njytual .titrations.
: Tills is the basis of the present theory
of the formation of crystals, and it will
be seen that given the character and
number of the atoms and their arrange
ment in a moiecule it is per
fectly possible to predict the
range of their movement in the
molecule and thence the probable
character of a crystal which would be
built np of many molecules. It is need
less to say that it is unnecessary to
carry the investigation of any compound.
back to the atoms, and that the fact of a
certain number and character of atoms
having been established in the mole*
cules of any aubstande, it is possible at
HI * .AiH-BUSSiSH*:*- 110.1. J ~^JP'™**"*H SRAIII-BURNieHEft NO. a.' I ff&j
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sees ' I _* nT l oa«_u.p o . M h*" l ™ 3 "^!! '. D «___»bi_t-T_iiwo_ . fffiJS
B?S-: -,^3i£S^, her * BB —-to thi _ amd «p-c«dlr tor those £32
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11 I 9 •• S I i Hrt T ™ f T i_f i SI *" • .•ht I ill"
tftcS I . I***, «- »k:cb wo.t___, Pi IK II I HlfliaS IU Desired la th«ir " bu*. WC
fi-iTfl ! I f on ' 1 J" showy lttire often 51 AU " * <***11 __ Ka tress" by pugilists Corbett, KVTrt
fftVCl/J i I T-end 100 nriet mom; t. | TSB ■■* pgl | Mitchell, buon and other* VAui
1 1 $?fl Reward 1 1
&&# |':J TO ANY MAN OR WOMAN, 1§
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M Observe This Point I£HjT _? 1 \\IZ 7T 8
tfrt. While ererr applicant wfll ■ __m EJ B» ft, £ II I f<i II ggjftj
P?32 • naturally try to send tie win- ■ jj IV B^ B^ |> 7 '• IU VI I.UII Srt3
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JH of the Studies. ) Jersey .City, N. Js ; feßffl
[K^^fflfSl] W HAT!
\j \ HAVEN'T YOU SEEN THE
-g^^^g^ Ferris Wheel Puzzle ?
__^n^^_^_^^i^_y^P^ L^^- Its a neat ttie Ijox * with - ?las3
"— -^^i^^^HP^w^'l^H'l top. containing: a Ferris Wheel.
"^-i * The puzzle is to place a passenger
* a 4« (T"^^^^^^ *-C^ (ball) into each vacant car as the
r . ) f^tF^^^^^^l wheel groes round.
"Pr *7 r^ 1 IT* * old by all wide-awake people,
b"^ *-^ £~* £-^ !--<• j or sent to any address upon receipt
1 ; — I of 25 cents in stamps.
(PQfjA f\fi Distributed Jan. 31 to those
__puUU«Uv/ doing it the quickest.
The Columbia Manufacturing Co.
112-114 South Eutaw Street, Baltimore, Md.
— »——^— ~—^ — ~— —^—^^^— .— .^m.
i-^f^/^_^^/^/^S*^E_v < 2y^^^/^'^^
_* «
J Jte. -^>v<*^'_S__?%-___ Facsimile of |j
I /^^ffi| ®liifc_fel^^__Knl v * World's Fair 2,
_ '^SMi\Wi^, i . '1* _. Official Letter $
! 2^ < 3i^ rK _^^&_^i_______At_^ „ . . -:. A
a _<_^f_^ J *«_7e v^~^ * authorizing the O
b i^jtu //rt>«^___«^?v««^_ri.-"fe_^ Memorial of the 5
! <fy^*£~rKf^.*^t™ World's I
ft IrnxXi _sU__Hi»__! ., rtU-MiiMi^*>v^_rf
<_ji _^^_i»ic ? A-icZrr- uiXec£ <&?tuj+x£c*tx Columbian _
1 iX/U'-*>v_/,""<^_ l iL_u^-2^-"*»*^.-^ __X? Exposition by the J
I i«__^..<_^A___. Joint Committee S
2 JoLf^ fft™^ 5^"??- on Ceremonies, Jj
m (WS^rbusa The only Official V
Ivi «^^^^^Cr<_7^Sfe_=^«*_>^ Memorial. Sj
I -L^vi^J' ~ , The only volume |!
I : i^__t;C^C^l^^i«v published ?;
? . containing ۥ
1' jy?k*in.^. - Photographic |i
g .■■ 4_____^s^«3^»_____?_^ Engravings of all §'
I STATE, FOREIGN and ■ ,'. j
EXHIBIT BUILDINGS
5 -^ #
2 With Midway Piaisance, General and Bird's Eye Views, 0
Z and 209 Portraits of the Directors, Officers and Commis- J
4 sioners of the Fair. X
& These engraving's are all executed from special pho- ?
Ik tographs by the best engravers in America. No other J
h book publication was permitted to take views on the &
% grounds for this purpose. ' @
6 The book is printed and bound in the best possible &
% manner. <
% It contains the history of the Fair, the dedicatory and (|
% opening ceremonies, all compiled from the official records.
§ — ■ >
IT tellsWwhdlTstdryl
2 If you have seen the Fair you can live over ag-ain the 6*
Z scene you witnessed by g-oing- over its pag-es. If you have J£
2 not been there you can see exactly how it looked. %
'• DDIHC i silk cloth Binding. $4.00 1
I I HI II I M0r0cc0...... $5.00 $
I FOR SALE IN ST. PAUL BY |
I D. D. Merrill Co|
1 Cor. Fifth and St. P eter Sts. i
once to predicate the arrangement tliey I , '■ "~
would assume, and the crvstalliii-. form POKer. but when we found it was 2
the molecules would take." j o'clock Sunday morning we felt guilty.
The little crystals which make up the | anrt stopped, and now we're trying to
snow are, therefore, the resultant of f square our consciences by .turning it
physical arid chemical forces of the i over to th*. church." " .\.,- '-■_ •..
universe, and each represents. in its . "Good boys; good hoys: you may have
perfect form the unalterable character sinned, but you ain't lost. How much
of the laws of nature, which regulate is there?"
alike the shape of the great globe of "Fifteen dollars and sixty cents."
the earth and the tiny feathery flake I "Urn-urn; don't ye. . think ye'd better
which falls on a coat sleeve on a dark play a little longer?"
winter day. _ J — — — ■*■
'- '- ____> President Cleveland made Pa good
„_ .. 7- Profitable (tinning. trade when he swaDped Van Alen for
"Say, deacon, we've beeu playing 1 Wayne MacVeagh.— Dispatch.
38

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