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in New York and Washington.
Rib" has not fallen. Neither has Java
or Mocha. They are each stiff at 35 to
flO cents a pound, and the market is
■ Dewitt Talmage never gives put
"I would not live alway,
1 ask not to stay."
' lie says this is a good enough world for
him, aud he wants to stay in it as long
as he can. It is very evident, at any rate,
that he doesn't propose to run any risKs
before he is compelled to.
Gov. Mitchell, of Florida, has evi- '
dently a kindly regard for the feelings of
bis namesake. Charles Mitchell; for he
has forbidden that gentleman from en
gaging in a fistic encounter with Prof,
james Corbett at Jacksonville. Mitch
all came to this country spoiling for a
fight, and It is a pity that he is not to
be gratified. _
' At the Washington observance of
"Forefathers' day" Senator Hawley,
bf Connecticut, responded to the toast
"The Pilgrim Fathers— they believed
In something." The statement of the
fcoast is no doubt, truthful, for we have
It on good authority that the pilgrim
fathers believed in many things—nota
bly witches and heretics, aud persecut
ed them both to the extent of burning
them at the stake.
' It takes very little to arouse the in
dignation of congress these days. About
& week ago it was reported thai the sec
retary of state had refused to grant per
mission to a foreign cable company to
land its wires ou our shores, and the
house demanded an explanation from
.Secretary Gresham. .It was promptly
forthcoming, and showed that the law
conferred no authority upon the de
partment to grant such privileges. And
now the congressmen wish they had
Said nothing about the matter.
■ Cranks are making life a burden to
the officials in Washington. They have
been threatening to kidnap the presi
dent's children, to blow up the senate
chamber, and now they are threatening
the individual members of congress.
Quite a number of prominent statesmen
have received menacing letters of late,
and several of them have aimed them
selves for self-protection. This plan is,
perhaps, the best means of getting rid
of the crank fraternity. If a few of
them are shot upon making their first
hostile demonstration, the remainder
Will be very likely to go out of business.
The French anarchists, from their
retreat in England, have issued a mani
festo that has been extensively cir
culated in Paris, in which they abuse
the president and his predecessors, the
republicans and the socialists indis
criminately, and threaten pretty much
everybody with their vengeance. They
are too sweeping in their hatreds. If
all but anarchists are to die, what will
become of the world? There would be
no such thing as goveenment, no in
dustry—no one, even, to make the dyna
mite with which the reds ply their
trade. Surely, they ought to spare
Borne lew people so perverse as to he
■willing to work.
The Michigan supreme court has de
cided that the state board of health has
Do authority to inspect the baggage of
immigrants at the "Soo," where they
cross from Canada to the United States.
The decision may be good law, but it is
not good policy. For many years the
United States has been threatened with
pestilence from across the" border, and
many communities are now suffering
from an epidemic of small-pox brought
here from Canada, where the health
Inspection is exceedingly lax. Much of
the infection has come through the
channel affected by this decision, and
especial attention was bestowed upon it
by our health departments. It now ap
pears that they are powerless to prevent
the free importation of disease of every
Sort. If this decision is based on law
the law ought to be amended without
delay, for there is neither reason nor
common sense in a declaration that we
shall be deliberately exposed to disease
without the power of self-protection.
At last a movement has been inau
gurated to determine the authority of
the commissioner of pensions to sus
pend the payment of pensions to those
whom he considers improperly on the
rolls. Judge Long, of Michigan, whose
pension was suspended some time ago,
has brought suit to compel Commission
er Lochren to restore him to the list at
his former rating of -JT2 a month. It
will be gratifying to all parties to this
controversy to have a legal decision of
the issues involved. It is but justice to
Commissioner Lochren to state that he
h*\s suspended pensions only in cases
where they were plainly illegal. He
referred to the Norfolk case, where the
claims were based on fraudulent testi
mony. As he had the power of sus
pension, his oath of ollice required him
to exercise it wheu necessary in his
judgment. In every case he had given
the benefit of the doubt to the soldier.
No one who knows the commissioner
Will believe that he has ever knowingly
done a wrong to an honorable soldier.
He has simply obeyed the law. If that
is at fault it should be amended, but
the commissioner should not be cen
sured tor observing its requirements.
The Milwaukee Sentinel wonders if
it is true that* engineers in other cities
have got the notion that it is useless for
any engineer not a residence of that city
to bid on any work to be done there,
unless the acceptance or rejection of
his bid is not to be decided by the com
mon council or one of its committees.
"We Can assure the Sentinel that its in
formation is correct, and that there is
gc^d reason for the "notion." If it will
recall but one instance— the selection of
th-; plans and the award of the contract
for the new city hall there— it will be
apparent that the clique of- local arcui
THE SAINT _ TAVL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MgKNgfg> . -DECEMBER: 24, J893-— TWENTY PAGES. -CHR ISTMAS : SUPPLEMENT.
tects and builders Is powerful enough to
secure the rejection ot the best plans
and the lowest bids for public works.
It is true that "more and -more the en
gineers of other cities are taking it for
granted that Milwaukee work will go to
a local man," whether that man is com
petent to do the work or not. It is a
waste of lime and trouble for any out
sider to send bids to Milwaukee, for
they can never secure the contract,
whatever the merits of their plans or
however low their bids. -' - 'L
THK GLOBE RELIEF FUND.
At the Christmas hour, when all who
can should aid their fellow man, the
Globe inaugurates its relief fund. The
money is to be paid to the associations
engaged in relief work, and all con
tributions will be acknowledged and
turned over to the proper parties, who
will see that every dollar is used for"
those deserving relief. Do not be back
ward about joining in swelling the
GLOBE relief FUND.
Charles E. Flandrau §100 00
Daily Globe '. 50 00
A GREAT ISSUE.
The Sunday Globe presents this
morning its Christmas offering to the
Both as a newspaper and as a literary
production the Christmas Globe today
is without a peer.
The Christmas supplement contains
contributions from the brightest. and
best writers in the country.
The illustrations are timely and at
The Sunday Globe today is com
plete in all its parts, and the publishers
invite especial attention to the wonder
ful table of contents it presents.
A good many things can be curtailed,
but the Globe is a positive necessity
and a pleasure withal.
A PRACTICAL SUGGESTION.
A prominent business man of the city,
in talking of the general desire to re
lieve the needy by all charitably in
clined people, expresses the idea that
there is danger of misdirected charity
and some imposition.
As one way to make sure that, noth
ing of the kind occurred, he suggested
that the charitable organizations unite
in the selection of an honest,competent
manager, and open in the market house
a place for the sale of meat to those
with limited means. The plan would
be to buy for cash at the South St. Paul
stockyards dressed beef, pork and mut
ton and retail it at the actual wholesale
cost, selling for cash only.
Wholesale prices are low, and meat
would thus be placed in the reach of all
who had any means whatever to pur
chase the necessaries of life. Instead
of making actual donations, parties iv
straitened circumstances could partially
aid themselves, and the daily receipts
would make a revolving fund which
would keep up a constant supply.
Probably $500 as a working capital
would be sufficient The city would
give the use of the Market house free of
rent, and there would be actually no ex
pense beyond the few employes re
In addition, the gentleman suggested
that the basemeutof the Market house
could be used for a free soup house,
where, at given hours of the day. all
who wished could go and get a bowl of
soup without any expense whatever.
The argument that this plan for the
sale of meat might interfere with estab
lished meat markets and that a char
itable movement should not make war
on legitimate business was met by the
reply that the class of people
who would patronize such an estab
lishment have not the means to
pay the regular retail market prices,
and the regular markets could not think
of selling to them on credit. Parties of
means would continue, as at present, to
purchase at the regular markets, and
those having but a pittance could use
some portion of it iv securing cheap
meat, and thus divide the burden which
now rests upon our citizens generally.
The question is how to make the
money secured for charity do the great
est possible good, and for the next three
or four mouths this will be a great prob
lem. It is scarcely possible to support
several thousand people outright dur
ing the entire winter, but a partial sup
port could thus be given every one de
serving of aid.
The less tendency there is to creating
a feeling of pauperization in the work
of charity, the better it is for both donor
The suggestion is commended to the
consideration of those who are devoting
their time to the alleviation of distress,
and depending on public contributions
to accomplish that end.
GOOD COUNTRY ROADS.
An impression seems to prevail in
many quarters that the work accom
plished by the agricultural department
of the national government relates to
and benefits only the farmers ot the
community. No greater error could ex
ist. While its purpose is primarily to
advantage the agricultural class, much
of its work is of such a nature as to con
fer benefits of far greater value upon
the urban population.
The work undertaken by the depart
ment in the interest of good country
roads is an illustration iv point. There
has been a universal demand among the
farmers for the improvement of the
highways by means of which they ob
tain access to the markets for their
produce. As a rule, the roads have been
but miserable apologies. They have
consisted simply of routes cut through
the surface of the country, graded only
so far as to overcome the most jagged
inequalities, seldom graveled or macad
amized, aud always subject to overflow
in times of freshet, and generally im
passable by reason of mud in wet
'weather. Even in dry weather the dust
has beeu frequently so deep as to be
almost as great a hindrance to traffic as
the mud would be. The result has been
that farmers could carry but small loads
of their produce to market, and ihe ex
pense of transportation has subtracted
largely from their earnings.
Our present secretary of agriculture
has devoted much of his time and at
tention, previous to his occupancy of
the position, to investigations of the
subject in question. He had collated
many valuable statistics, and, by a com
parison of the results obtained from ag
riculture here and in France, Belgium
and Germany, where much attention is
bestowed upon the country roads, he
had arrived at the conclusion that the
farming class could derive no more sub
stantial benefits than through a sys
tematic effort to improve the avenues of
communication between the farms and
the market cities. The agents of the de
partment were instructed to encourage
the improvement of these thoroughfares,
both by private enterprise and through
the regularly constituted road overseers.
Although the time that has elapsed
since this system was introduced has
beeu short, the results attained have
been more than satisfactory. The co
operation of the governor and secretary
and geologist of each state in the Union,
of railroad officials and of other persons
has been obtained, and they show a
warm interest in the work.
With good roads the farmer saves
cost in many ways. One team of horses
will do more work on a level macadam
ized or graveled road than two teams
could accomplish on the . average dirt
road of the country districts. Tnere is
a considerable saving also in the items
of wear and tear of teams, harness and
wagons, and a saving of time that repre
sents money. Produce reaches the mar
ket in better conditiou over a smooth
surfaced road than over a road on which
it is| shaken and jostled and knocked
about, and it therefore commands a bet
With all the advantages attendant
upon good country roads, it is some
what remarkable that the subject has
received so little attention at the hands
of our local, state and national officials.
It is to be hoped that. Secretary Morton
will receive the encouragement of peo
ple of all classes. Active interest In
the subject is beiug shown by tne rail
roads generally. Special reduced rates
areoffere by many of the railroads,
and a tabulated statement of the various
concessions in shipment rates on road
building material by a large number of
companies has been prepared.
The great Yerkes telescope, the larg
est in the world, presented to the Uni
versity of Chicago by Col. Charles T.
Yerkes, the street railway magnate, is
to be located on the shores of Lake
Geneva, a distance of ninety-one miles
from the univertity. The smoke of Chi
cago, added to the humidity arising from
Lake Michigan, renders its location near
er absolutely impracticable. It would
be absolutely impossible to conduct
astronomical study under such condi
tions, and hence it was necessary to
select a distant locality.
THE WASTE OP IT.
Any system which . divides the pupils
of a school into blocks or platoons, as
signing each platoon to a room in which
the pupils are instructed in certain por
tions of certain studies, and who move
through a series of rooms from one
grade to another, ignores the most im
portant feature of the youthful mind
and entails a needless waste of oppor-
tunity. The system which permits
children of all ages and stages of edu
cational progress to occupy the same
room utilizes the strongest force in the
development of the mind of the child,
and economizes the labor of the teacher
and the pupil.
The child during all the years cus
tomarily assigned to its school life is a
walking interrogation point. Its chronic
condition is wanting to know. It is eager
to learn all the things in this new life,
which to it is 60 mysterious. Its eyes
and ears are open and alert to see and
hear, and its mind is active in solving
for itself the problems which perplex
it At this time it absorbs information
as a sponge takes up water. It is more
than at any other stage of its life per
ceptive and receptive. It learns daily
from what it sees aud hears, and what
it gets in response to the questions it is
always asking. The watchful observ
ingness of children, their capacity to
absorb ideas seemingly beyond their
years, has been the cause ot embarrass
ment to many a parent who thought the
conversation with a gossiping neighbor
was beyond the comprehension of the
This capacity for getting knowledge
by observation, by hearing the recitation
of advanced classes, is entirely lost in
the graded school system, or is only
partially'untilized in those rooms where
two grades are taught, and where the
children in the lower grade have the
advantage of the instruction given to
those in the grade in advance. It is
used to its fullest in those private
schools or in the ungraded country
school where all the studies are recited
in one room, and in which are classes
ranging from the primary to the higher
studies. There is au overflow of the
instruction in all the recitations beyond
the class immediately concerned in it,
which is absorbed more or less con
sciously by the pupils in the lower
forms. It is a grinding with the waters
that have passed. It opens to the minds
of the younger children a long educa
tional vista, and enlists their attention
to what is before them, and to studies
to which in doe time they must come.
It partially familiarizes them in advance
with those studies. When they reach
them they are not treading strange
ground, as is the child who moves ou to
the next grade in the next room of a
Every teacher whose good fortune It
has been to teach in an ungraded school
will recognize the truth of this, and
corroborate it from her own experience.
Even the teachers whose misfortune, for
themselves as well as their pupils, it is
to teach in graded schools having two
grades in their rooms, will readily at
test how much more proficient are the
children of the lower grade when they
come to the work of their preceding
grade whose instruction they had over
heard. And teachers of both kinds will
appreciate in this experience of theirs
the enormous . waste of time and op
portunity for the pupil, and of energy
for the teacher, the graded system thus
Two instances will illustrate. Said a
gentleman in discussing this question:
"All that 1 know of what we used to
call natural philosophy, what is now
called physics, is what I learned as a
boy of eight or nine listening to the
recitations of a class aud the talk of the
teacher in that study in a private school
which I attended. The war broke off
my school going, and I never studied
physics; but as my own children now
come on to study it 1 find myself sur
prised at my familiarity with it, and it
is wholly due to what my young mind
Said a gentleman who had been a
teacher and a couuty superintendent:
"Among my pupils in a country school
was a raw Irish boy who had come over
at twelve years of age, innocent of all
books. He had his alphabet to learn.
One day in his second winter at school I
noticed him using his slate when he
should have been at some other study.
My most advanced class in arithmetic
were reciting, and were at the board
working out some difficult problem
which "stalled" them. Stepping back
to see what the boy was doing.he hid his
slate, and, suspecting mischief, and
making him show it to me, I was aston
ished to find that he had correctly solved
tho problem which balked the class. He
had been learning arithmetic by obser
Every teacher's memory is rich with
similar experiences. Every man and
woman will recall the information they
imbibed in the same way while at
school. And it is one of the most
serious objections to our graded gram
mar schools that those opportunities for
learning by observation are denied
the children, thus impeding their prog
ress. We have no doubt that this waste
adds fully two years to the length of
time which children in such schools
must give to the course of prescribed
studies. The matter is a serious one,
and we are glad to see in some educa
tional journals, and to hear frjui teach
ers, that the evil is recognized and a
search made for a remedy. We believe
this to lie lv the adoption by our graded
schools of the methods of the country
district school. ...
ULTIMA RATIO KKGUM.
The very air is fall of sulphurous
effluvium." It has been so long since
there has been any such -thing as real
downright warfare— war for blood, as it
were— that the existing generation is
beginning to think itself overlooked and
neglected. Mars lias apparently gone
to sleep, and leaves the young men of
today no exercise for the muscles oft
their courage and the sinews of their
patriotism, save to \
-Caper nimbly in a lady's chamber f
To the lascivious pleasing of a lute." s
Certainly they are just now having
mimic warfare between earthquake*
shocks In Nicaragua and other Central
American states; whiie two political
factions are shooting at each other at
extremely long range down in Brazil*
Spain is stirring up the Moriscos*
across the straits of GGibraltar —ofr f
rather, they (the Moriscos) seem to be
doing a large part of the stirring ore
their own account. These, witl|
the Hawaiian affair and a few.
bushrangers and train robbers liv
Mexico, seem to constitute about all
the existing field known for an exhibi
tion of real military talent with the
present generation of men. Hence the,
masculine ambitions of the race are
compelled into the channels of peace.and
trade, manufacturing, railroading and
finance monopolize those splendid nat
ural talents for destructive energy
which might develop a Napoleon, a
Nelson, or a Grant.
in the vernacular, the ooys of the
closing decade of the nineteenth cent
ury haven't got any show.
But there is one young man in Europe
who shows his breeding, aud never fails
to give evidence ot the iron in his blood.
Several generations behind him have
produced "heroes" and "conquerors"!
without number. At the command of
men of bis race the rivers of Europe
have run red with human blood, the
pleasant rural homes in all nations on
the continent have been robbed of :
sons, brothers, husbands, fathers
and lovers. For nearly 300 years
there has been no general and devastat
ing war fought in Europe that had not
for one of its mainsprings^-either in
diplomacy or on the field of carnage— a
prince of the house of Hohenzollern.
This young man seems to be following
the traditions of his race. He is just
now engaged iv "organizing the peace
of Europe" after the good old fashion of
his family. He is arming every able
bodied man in the German empire, and
compelling the taxpayers to pay the
freight. He is establishing camps of
instruction for his soldiers on the plains
of Silesia, along the Rhine, and in Po
land. He is building a great navy and
"mobilizing the forces." While he
waits for the signal gun which is to open
his first campaign let us see how he re
creates his exhausted energies. An
item from a recent German newspaper
"While hunting in Darby, Prussian
Saxony, last week, the emperor had the
men of the Twenty-sixth regiment act
as beaters. Six men followed him,
handing him loaded rifles as fast as he
fired. in two hours he shot 385 hares,
or more than three hares a minute."
What splendid prowess was here
shown by the imperial sportsman!
Should not his skill in slaughter pro
voke the warmest commendations? And
yet.is it not to be feared that this hunts
man of hares may soon "become the
harrier of men. The slaughter of three
hares a minute probably breaks the
record in that species of snort, and the
German emperor has richly earned the
cup or the medal, or the first prize,
whatever may be its character, for the
wanton slaughter of the innocents since
the days of Herod the Great. Yes, give
William the belt. Three hares per
minute will* do until the Catling suns
may be safely opened up on the Rus
sians, or the Frenchmen, or any of the
riff-raff out of which tney make soldiers
But as one reads of this manly teat of
the royal sportsman, the lines of the
ancient mariner to the guest at the wed
ding come back to us, and with them
the terrible punishment that in God's
providence may follow the wanton mur
derer of the defenseless:
"Farewell, farewell— but this I tell
To thee, thou wedding guest-
He prayeth well who loveth well
Both man and bird and beast,
lie prayeth best who loveth best
All things, both great aud small.
For the dear God, who loveih us
He made and loveth all."
One fact is self-evident. The hares
could not shoot back—but history and
tradition assure us that both Russians,
and Frenchmen can, and, under certain
given conditions of provocation, will. The
killing of three hares per minute, there
fore, is liable, when once it is started,
to become duplex in its actiou. ■
That excellent class of our optimistic
fellow citizens who hold peace con
gresses, advocate international arbitra
tion, and firmly believe that the early'
glow of the splendid dawn of the millen
nium is upon the spiritual sky, need not
cease praying just yet. Wars are not
quite over, it is to be feared. Alto
gether, however, it is better that the
imperial-ruler of Germany should amuse
himself by shooting 385 hares in two
hours than that he should superintend
the killing of several thousands of his
fellow men before calling in his chap
lain to celebrate vespers at the altar of
a Deity who is popularly supposed to
possess an attribute called mercy.
The effect of taxation on consump
tion is well illustrated by the tax on
sugar. Prior to the McKinley act the
tax on sugar averaged 2% cents a
pound, and the consumption per capita
ran along quite evenly at about fifty
two pounds. The McKinley act made
raw sugar free, and reduced the tax on
refined to one -half cent a pound.
The consumption, which in 1890 was
52.8 pounds, jumped in 1891 to GG.2
pounds. It retailed at twenty-two to
twenty-four pounds for a dollar. Then
the sugar trust perfected its combina
tion, and prices raised ; until a dollar
would buy seventeen or eighteen
pounds, and in response to this the use
fell off to an average of 02.1 pounds per
capita. This shrinkage of 4.1 pounds
amounted to 320,000,000 pounds, or only
20,000,000 pounds less than the en
tire domestic product of cane and beet
sugar. zXZ-y y ~ y
The Milwaukee Sentinel, which man
ages always to keep within gunshot of
the rear of the rear guard, gives its
readers that quotation from President
Buchanan's message of '57 in which he
draws a gruesome picture of the paraly
sis of industry, which was a favorite
with the calamity howlers in '9*2. Like
th am, too, it stops short of the continuing
sentences in which the president at
tributed the condition to the. wildcat
banks and their worthless and unre
deemed currency. But when the Senti
nel is fair, pineapples will be picked in
Alaska. <-.*•_» v
PARTISAN Reed and his minority of
the committee, in their anxiety to fault
the work of the majority of the commit
tee, denounce with sarcasm aud . ridi
cule the very feature of the bill which
should meet their approval and sup
port. A . protectionists, they should re-.
joice that the pledge of the party is not
fully redeemed, and that the manu
factures get-thick and . well-buttered
slices cut from . the loaf. They break
the force of their criticism in this dis
play of mere partisanry. _. ' - '
The St." Nicholas bank closed its
doors. The. Wilson bill did it. A car
pet r firm in Philadelphia fails. The
Wilson bill did it. . The Gogebic mines
resume operation. The Wilson bill
didn't do it. Menage is on the free
list. The Wilson bill put him there.
The grippe is ravaging the : country.
The Wilson bill did that, too. Scheig is
instate prison: for embezzlement. The
Wilson bill made him steal. V";V : -
The czar of Russia recently gave a
bfiiiquef to his veteran soldiers who had
especially distinguished themselves in
battle, at which putrid meat was served.
Thirty of the men have since died,' and
about a hundred and sixty are in a pre
carious condition. The czar must in
deed have a high regard for his soldie.s
when he will treat them to a repast or'
POVERTY'S CrtRIsJL'MAS OF
'«_. _i. ~? [Written for the Globe.]
The gladsome Christmas season is along on
■ schedule time. ■ • , 5> -.7:::.
And the joy of the occasion quite provokes
my muse to rhyme;
The merry' sleighbells' jingle is resounding
on the air, 7^7 . ;, : 7 . ;_■ ': .•.-,'
And "peace ou earth, good will to men" pre
vailing everywhere. ; ,-.---
The old and young commingle in their mirth
with high aud low,.
As the holly with the evergreen, and eke the
N_,\ 7: mistletoe. :
I'm feeling rather gay myself, and with . my
And I'd like to buy some I. resents, but I
nave n't got a cent.
The stores are filled with pretty things— l
have to say me "nay;"
I gaze intern upon them, heave a sigh and go
■ my way.
The flesh is all too willing, but the pocket
book is weak;
Its hinges have grown rusty; you can almost
hear them creak. . . *
I k now so many folks to whom I'm bound by
tender lies. y-..\,. v- : .-
It makes me sick to meet tbem, for I see it in
A hopeful expectation (may be there by ac
cident); •__. ■'-_•
But wnether chance or otherwise, I haven't
got a cent. ;: .y -
I have not wealth— what matters it? my mind
. is free from care.
I'll to the haunts of wretchedness right mer
*.' rily repair.
And greet distress and mis' ry with a hand
shako and a smile-
By many acta of kindness their unhappiuess
I'll press the babes forsaken, oh, so tender,
to my heart, 7 . ;
And warmth of sweet affection to their little
souls impart. '-'.!—- ~:
Then the angels up in heaven, looking down
. with rapture pent.
Will bless me for my goodness, tho' I haven't
got a cent.
—Michael Joseph Donnelly.
It is singular what a persistent ani
mosity President Cleveland betrays to
ward Italy.— Washington News.
Mr. Cleveland believes in having his
cakes well turned. Witness the reward
of Gresham aVd MacVeagh.— Columbus
Is Van Alen satisfied that Wayne
MacVeagh is' the better man for the
Italian ambassadorship to whom he re
ferred in his letter of declination?—
It will doubtless be claimed for Mr.
Cleveland that he has flluy obviated
the objection to Mr. Van Alen, as a
man who was unfamiliar with politics,
by the selection of Mr. MacVeagh, who
has admittedly had a very wide range
of experience.— Washington Star.
. • Mr. MacVeagh is a rich man; not so
'rich as Mr. Van Alen, but rich enough,
we suppose, to indulge himself in some
of the style which Mr. Astor displayed
-whilst he represented this country at
the Italian court.— Richmond Dispatch.
To those who have always consist
ently and earnestly supported the Dem
ocratic cause, the appointment will
bring no balm. It is another evidence
thatthe mugwump is iv higher .favor
than is the man whose Democracy is
always unyielding and unshaken.—
The new ambassador to Italy is not a
life-long Democrat, but he possessed
the courage to turn his back on the Re
publican party when he became con
vinced that it was not being managed
in the interest of the people. It is to
such men the Democratic party. owes
its success.— New York World.
Wayne MacVeagh is a good and able
man— better, in fact, if not abler, than
when he went to Louisiana in IS7G as
Rutherford B. Hayes' personal repre
sentative. We may get John Sherman
after awhile across the mugwump
bridge, and with him the rest of the
Camerou clan.— St. Louis Republic.
Mr. Cleveland, in such appointments
as that of Gresham and MacVeagh,
merely recognizes the fact that thou
sands and tens of thousands of old-line
Republicans are with the Democracy on
the issues of these days. We welcome
the "renegades" when they bring brill
iant ability, great moral power and fixed
convictions ol right.— Pittsburg Post.
THE EARTH'S CRUST.
It Is Assumed to Re Eighteen, and
One-Halt Miles Thick.
Journal of Commerce.
The idea of M. Bateau, as expressed
recently to the French Academy of
Sciences, is that the phenomena of the
earth's crust are well explained by con
sidering that the planet's interior is
molten, and that a layer of gaseous mat
ter separates it from the portion of the
crust forming the continents,- whereas
the sea-beds sink.
The gradual escape of the gases, im
prisoned under high pressure, will in
time exceed the production of new
supplies, when the pressure will
diminish and the continents fall in,
giving rise to more or less crateriform
configuration. This is the state in
which the moon now appears.
Assuming the crust to be eighteen and
a half miles thick, the pressure of the
gases should be 650 atmospheres, their
temperature 900 degrees C. aud their
density nearly equal to that of water.
This theory makes it clear why vol
canoes have successfully receded inland
where the sea has encroached.
Rlethen Scores a Point.
Penny Press, 23d.
...St. Paul detectives made a capture
yesterday, aud the sensation was so
novel and pleasing that they immedi
ately began telegraphing the fact all
over the country. Incidentally it might
not be amiss to "state that the Minneapo
lis officers have rounded up nearly all
the criminals credited to St. Paul for
some time past. _
iid.Ko. Drew Blood.
New Tort Herald.
Amy— are looking brighter than
Josephine (immensely pleased)— Oh,
thank yon! _
Amy— How wonderfully you have
:-:.„. Political Note
" t "Pa', > when a politician goes into of
fice does he have, to take an oath?"
j "Yes, my son."
"And when he goes out of office does
he take an oath?"
"Yes; but there is nothing compulsory
about it." ■ '.i\'..-'ZiA' y-Z:Z:-Z
The Cheery Murder.
St. ! Paul comes forth cheerily with
her daily murder. Bill Erwin Will soon
have to get an assistant.
He (excitedly)— Hang it! I'm ; sure I
heard one of those confounded kodaks.
She (quietly)— My; brothers
all have them, you know.- V,,
ANNIE AND WILLIES PRAYER.
•Twas the eve before Cbristm.is; "Good
night" had been said.
And Annie aud Willie had crept into bed; .
There were tears on their pillows, and tears
in their eyes.
And each little bosom- was heavy with
For tonight their stern father's commnd had
been given ;__._,
That they should retire precisely at seven,
Instead of at eight; for they troubled him
With questions unheard of than ever be
He had told them he thought this delusion a
No such thing as "Santa Claus" ever had
And he hoped, after this, he should never
How he scrambled down chimneys with
presents each year.
L J$^ —
And this was the reason that two little
So restlessly tossed on their soft, downy
Eight, nine, and the clock on the steeple
tolls ten —
Not a word had been spoken by either till
When Willies sad face from the blanket did
And whispered: "Dear Annie, is you fast
"Why, no, brother Willie," a sweet voice re
"I have tried it in vain, but I can't 6hut mv
For somehow, it makes -me so sorry because
Dear papa has said there is no 'Santa claus.*
New we know there is.and it can't be denied.
For he came every year before mamma died:
But then, I've been thinsiug that she used to
And God would hear everything mamma
And perhaps she asked Him to send Santa
Witn the sacks full of presents he brought
"Well, why tan't we pay dest as mamma did
And ask God to send him with presents
"I've been thinking so, too." And without
a word more, ."*'' 7
Four little bare feet bounded out on the
And four little knees the soft carpet pressed.
And two tiny bands were clasped close to
"Now, Willie, you know we must firmly be
lieve " '*,"■*
That the presents we ask for we're sure to
You must wait just as still till I say the
And by that you will know that your turn
has come then :
Dear Jesus, look down on my brother and
And grant us the favor we're asking of Thee;
1 want a wax doll, a tea-set and ring,
And an ebony box that shins with a spring;
Bless papa, dear Jesus, and cause him to see
That Santa Clans loves us far better than he;
Don't let him get fretful and angry again
At dear brother Willie and Annie, Amen."
"Please Desus, 'et Santa Taus turn down to
And bring us some presents before it is light;
I want he should dive me a nice Male sed.
With bright shiny runners, and all painted
A box full of tandy, a book and a toy.
Amen; and then, Desus. I'll be a dood boy."
Their prayers being ended, they raised up
And with hearts ligh t aud cheerful again
sought Uielr beds;
They were soon lost in slumber, both peace
ful and deep.
And with fairies in dreamland were roaming
Eight, nine, and the little French clock had
Ere the rather had thought of hischildreu
He seems now to hear Annie's half-sup
To see the big tears stand in Willies blue
"I was harsh with my darlings," he mentally
"I should not have sent them so early to bed;
But then. I was troubled— my feelings found
For bank stock today has gone dowu ten per
But of course they've forgotten their troubles
And that I denied them the thrice-asked-for
But just to make sure, I'll steal up to their
For I never spoke harsh to my darlings be
So Baying, he softly ascended the stairs, *.
Aud arrived at the door to hear both of their
The daughter's "bless papa" draws forth the
Little Willies grave promise falls sweet on
"Strange, strange, I'd forgotten," he said,
with a sigh.
"That I longed when a child to have Christ
mas draw nigh.
I'll atone for my harshness." he inwardly
"By answering tneir prayers ere I sleep in
Then he turned to the stairs and softly went
Threw off velvet slippers and silk dressing
Donned hat, coat and bo ot.=, and was out in
A millionaire facing the cold, driving sleet.
Nor stopped he until he had bought every
From the box full of candy to the tiny gold
Indeed, lie kept adding so much to his store
That the various presents outnumbered a
Then homeward he turned with bis holiday
With Aunt Mary's help in the nursery 'twas
Miss Dolly was seated beneath a pine tree,
By the side of a table spread out for her tea;
A work-box well filled in the center was laid.
And on it the ring for which Annie had
A soldier in uniform stood by a sled.
"With bright shining runners and all painted
red." . . _ *
Birds of all colors were perched in the tree,
While Santa Claus, laughing, stood up in the
Just as if getting ready more presents to
drop; .."•:. . _■," •-■'
And as the fond father the picture surveyed,
He thought for his trouble he hf»d amply been
Then he said to himself as he brushed off a
'•I am happier tonight than I've been for a
I've enjoyed more true happiness than ever
before, " .
What care I if bank stock falls ten per cent
Hereafter I will make it a rule, I believe.
To have Santa Claus visit us eacn Christmas
,So thinking, he gently extinguished the
- • light.
Then trinped down the stairs to retire for the
night. :•:-• ■:-:-■.
As soon as the beams of the bright morning
Put the dursness to flight, and the stars, one
Four little blue eyes out of sleep opened
And at the same moment the presents espied.
Then out of their beds they sprang with a
And the very gifts prayed for were all of
They laughed and they cried in their inno
Then shouted for papa to come quick and
Wbat presents old Santa Claus brought In
(Just the things which they wanted) and
le'. t before light.
"So now," added Annie, in a voice soft and
''You'll believe there's a Santa Claus, papa,
" I know."
While dear little Willie climbed up on his
.• knee, -..' ■-:-V" r -;"
Determined no secret between them should
And told in soft whispers how Annie had
said \ ■ *-:■ \-r\ ._•
That their dear blessed mother, so long ago
* . n - ' . dead, ■ • • v
Used to kneel down and pray by the side of
■ * her chair. ;
And that liod up in heaven had answered
.her.prayer; ; . ._.--...-; -yZZ~-.
'Then we dot up and payed oust as well as
we tould. .
And Dod answered our payers, now wasn't
'•I should say He was If He sent you all
these. _ ■- — ;. . . -.
And knew just what presents my children to
(Well, well. let him think so. the dear little
'Twould be cruel to tell him I did it my
Blind father, who caused your stern heart to
And the hasty word spoken so soon re
pent? : y-:-y- .
'Twas the Lord who bade you steal softly up
And made you His agent to answer their
MEN AND MEASURES.
It's pity there can't be a speed pre
mium for the completion of the tariff.—
Senator Sherman thinks the Wilson
tariff bill will pass, and his opinion ou
such a subject goes a lone way witti the
people.— Baltimore Herald.
The McKinley boom is now getting
its picture taken in the Micawber atti
tude assumed by the man who sailed to
St. Helena.— Washington News.
Gov. Llewelling's so-called tramp
circular begins to loom up as about the
most sensible thing that statesman ever
sent out.— Philadelphia Inquirer.
Even the silver men are opposed to
the Voorhees bill. Somebody ought to
move to put it in the senator's stocking
before Christmas.— Boston Herald.
The revenue tax paid on whisky
manufactured in Kentucky is very
large, but Kentucky does not pay it. as
everybody knows.— Philadelphia" Item.
Very naturally John I. Davenport will
regard his decapitation as a mistake
that will cause the Democracy to lose
the presidency In 1806. — New York
If a man's wealth should be taxed
after his death should it not also be
taxed when he is alive and enjoying the
benefits of government?— New York
It is said that Attorney General Olney
is very much bothered by the East Texas
marslialship. But he Is not bothered at
all by the trusts.— St. Louis Post Dis
: Out of consideration for the feelings
of Hon. Larry Neal, Gov. McKinley will
enter upon his secoud term without any
elaborate inaugural ceremonies.—Wash
: You can hear a pin drop almost any
where while the country is waiting for
Col. Bill Morrison's enthusiasm lor the
Wilson bill tobeg in io effervesce.— St.
The house has appointed a committee
to investigate its restaurant kitchen.
Probably the cook has beeu tryiug to
put the administration iv the soup.—
Chairman Wilson is' getting all sorts
of contradictory advice from all sorts of
people. But the best advice that can be
given Chairman Wilson is: "Push
things."— Boston Globe.
Mr. MacVeagh has had experience in
the diplomatic service, and in many
other ways he is finely equipped for the
responsible duties of minister at Rome.
—Chicago Evening Post.
As the president in time of war is
commander-in-chief, are not these light
ing editors acting unconstitutionally in
taking the lead In the Hawaiian cam
paign?— Philadelphia Times.
The policy of the present congress on
the subject of new states is to admit as
many as can give satisfactory guaran
tees of adherence to the Democratic
party.— St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The opposition to the income tax is
based upon the assumption that a man
is justified in lying to save his money,
provided, he can do so without being
found out.— St. Louis Post Dispatch.
Though Wayne MacVeagh is a rank
mugwump, we believe him to he a brave,
able and high-minded man. It is both
his misfortune and his fault that his
political convictions are usually in a
state of flux.- Milwaukee Seminal.
Jerry Simpson's allus'on some time
since to "the common people" affords
room for the hope that he has so revised
his costume as to be in harmouv with
the habits of Santa Claus.— Washington
While the United States senate is
having itself protected from cranks,
would it not ne well to keep a sharp
eye upon some of the gentlemen who
belong to that body?— Detroit Free
The Arizona bill that has been the
theme of contention in congress is not
to be confounded with the .famous Ari
zona Bill that has sent so many Eastern
boys looking for scalps in their dreams.
— Bostcn Globe. . .
Gov. Waite of Colorado has appointed
six women as notaries public, which is
a -rood deal more sensible than making
a laughing stock of himself by howling
for au opportunity to ride through gore
up to his horse's bridle, as he used to do.
— Boston Globe.
Now let Senator Frye trot out his
"private information"' about Hawaii.
The public information just furnished
by the president is good enough for
every American citizen who has neither
a bug nor au ax.— St. Louis Republic.
Senator Hoar falls into Latin quota
tion when excited. Yet even this pro
pensity, in connection with the toga he
wears, cannot invest nis attack~upon
Cleveland with the dignity of Cicero's
oration against Cataline.— St. Louis Re
And Voorhees, too, has launched his
boom. If it will only kindly smash the
Gray boom, and then curl up and die
itself as a result of injuries received in
the collision, an anxious public will
breathe more freely.— Indianapolis
Some newspapers are inclined to
make fun of the Hawaiian army and to
compare it with that of Haiti. There is
no comparison possible. The Hawaiian
army wears clothes and bathes, and the
Haitieu army does neither. — Phila
delphia Press. '
The people of the United States who
are not fools want the tariff Question
settled one way or the other, as "quickly
as possible, for all time. They will be
disgusted with the paltering policy of
the time-serving Democratic politicians.
Senators should by all means be en
couraged to fire off tneic-. tariff speeches
now, while the subject is not before
them. This will save a great deal of
precious time when the senate comes to
the actual consideration of the Wilson
bill. — Philadelphia Times.
It has been demoustated over and
over again that the fee system not only
defeats the ends of justice, but is also
by far the worst method of compensat
ing officials whose duties are con
nected with the administration of
justice.— Kansas City Times.
The mugwumps objected to Van Alen
and the Republicans will not be pleased
with Wayne MacVeagh. The presi
dent's habit of pleasing himself is not
satisfactory either to the Pecksniffs,
who thing they made him, or to the
enemies whom he has made for himself.
The solid business interests of the
country are clamoring for action. They
are not splitting hairs about the tariff.
They want Democratic action!. They
want results! They want something
on which they can base their operations
and their contracts.— Constitu
tion. ,- ".- *» v
Senatoor Voorhees' new silver bill is
probably intended to bring Senator
Voorhees into conformity with Senator
Voorhees. Or is it in !j the nature of a
motion to reconsider, when reconsider
ation is impossible, in order to cut off
inconvenient afterclaps.— Philadelphia
Record. . . ■ . ZI:?Z,Z \
If coming events cast their shadows
before, and the event is proportionate
to the intensity of the shadow, then the
Wilson tariff bill when it becomes a law
will be the greatest and most direful
event.that ever squatted itself down in
the pathway of American industrial
progress.— Philadelphia Press...
Senator Hill made his first appear
ance as an attorney before the United
States supreme court on Saturday. And
yet this is the gentleman - who sits in
judgment on the latest nominee to that
bench, ana who has thus far been suc
cessful in preveuting a consideration of
the nomination.— Boston Herald.
VISIT FROM ST. NIC H _>£■ AS.
CLEMENT C, MOORE.
'Twas the night before Christmas, when ah
through the house . * •.
Not a creature was stirring.not even a mouse.
The stockings were hung by the chimney
In hopes that St, Nicholas soon would be
there. .- ■ v ; . .-;-.
The children were nestled all snug in their
While visions of sugar plums danced in their
heads; ,;. ■ y-^AAA ■•.
And mamma In herkerchief.and I in mv cap.
Had just settled our brains for a long winter's
When out on the lawn there* arose such a
I sprang from my bed to see what was the
Away to the window I flew like a flash.
Tore open the shutters and threw up the
The moon, on the breast of the new-fallen
Gave a luster of midday to objects below;
When, what to my wondering eyes should
But a miuature sleigh, and eight tiny rein
With a little old driver, so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick.
llore rapid than eagles his coursers they
And he whistled, and shouted, and called
them by name —
"Now Dasher! now Dancer! now Prancer
and Vixen !
On! Comet, on? Cupid, on! Duuder and Blit
To the top of the porch, to the top of the
Now dash away, dash away, dash away, all !
As dry leaves that before the wild hurricane
When they meet with an obstacle, mount to
the sny, »
So, up to the house-top the coursers they
With a sleigh full of toys— and St. Nicholas.
Ana then in a twinkling I heard on th«
roof. . . . .'.'.•-.'.■
The prancing and pawing of each little
As I drew in my head, and was turning
Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a
He was dressed all in fur from his head to
his toot, ' Si&S
And his clothes were all tarnished with
ashes and soot;
A bundle of toys he had flung on his back.
And he looked like a peddler just opening
His eyes, how they twinkled! his dimples,
His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a
His droll little mouth was drawn up like a
And the beard on his chin was as white as
the snow !
The stump of a pipe he held in his teeth.
And the smoke it encircled his head like a
He had a broad face and a little round belly
That snook when he laughed, like a bowl
full of Jelly.
He was chubby and plump— a right jolly old
And 1 laughed when I saw him in spite of
A wink of his eye. and a twist of his head.
Soon gave me to know 1 had nothing to
He spoke no! a word, but went straight to his
And filled all the stockings; then turned with
And laying his finger aside of his nose,
And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose.
He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a
And away they all flew like the down of a
But I heard him exclaim, ere he drove out of
"Merry Christmas to all, and to all a gof)'_»
"LITTLE RED HOUSK."
The Famous Home of Nathaniel
Hawthorne Will Be Restored.
The "Little Bed House." in which
Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote "Tangle
wood Tales." "The House of Seven
Gables" and other stories, is to be re
stored. For many years the house, which
is situated on the shore of Stoekbridge
Bowl, near the northwestern end, has
been closed to the public.
A year or two ago there came such a
desire from the society and literary
people to see it that it was put in charge
of an old lady, and was visited almost
daily throughout the summer and
autumn season. The house was de
stroyed by fire some time ago. and all
that* remains is the foundation and a
part of the old-fashioned chimney. it is
on the south side of the highway leading
toward Stoekbridge from Lenox.
Many relics, pieces of brick and stone
from the foundation are carried away
every year by the numerous curiosity
seekers. There are people now living
who know when the house was finished,
and there are records showing the room
in which Hawthorne wrote his famous
works while living there.
There are several famous houses
within a radius of a few miles, including
the Pluukett house in Pittsfield, which
Longfellow made famous by his poem
the "Old Clock on the Stairs;" the house
of Herman Melville, now or formerly
owned by Col. Lathers, of New York;
"The Perch," where Fanny Kemble re
sided in L.*nox; the Sedgwick mansion
in Stoekbridge, and the Bryant house
in Great Harrington. All these are
standing. The people feel that a res
toration of the "Little Ked House"
would be a valuable and interesting
addition to the number.
SHERIDAN AS A BOY.
He Went to We _it Point Been us.,
He Was a Fighter.
New Yoik World.
Congressman Tom Campbell relates
the following sketch, told to him by the
late Gen. Phil Sheridan:
"When Phil Sheridan was eighteen
years old the congressman in his dis
j trict, in Perry.'county, Ohio, the place
of Phil's birth, had au elephant on his
hands in the shape of a West Point
cadetship to give away.
"Democratic chairmen of five counties
each had applicants to urge, and to
each the congressman was under obli
gations. But torecoginize one was to
offend the other four. One day the-con
gressman was walking alalia the country
road.uear Somerset, revolving the prob
lem in his mind, when he met
Farmer Sheridan, with, whom he was
"Good morning. Congressman," said
Mr. Sheridan. •ZyyA-i^AA^
"Good morning," was the reply. "_:-;
When he had gone a few paces he
stopped suddenly, and called out:
"By the - way. Mr. Sheridan, how
many boys have you?"
"1 have two fine boys, your honor,"
was the reply. "Mike and Phil."
"How would you like to have one of
them sent to West Point for a military "
education at the government's expense."
••Well," replied Mr. Sheridan slowly,
"they are both a help, but I wouldn't
- "All right, which one shall 1 take?" .
"Depends," was the reply. ". "Alike',
the smartest; he's got a head for learn
ing, but if you want a fighter 1 reckon
Phil is the one you want."
Aud that was how Phil Sheridan got
an education at West Point.