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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 24, 1893, Image 6

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CAPITAL REMINISCENCES.
JUDGE FLANDRAU'S INTERESTING
RECOLLECTIONS OF WASHINGTON.
LOOK SIXTY FIVE IE IRS BACK.
Thf. Story of the Growth of the
Grandest Capital in the World
Some of the Leading Men
Who Dived in tho Days of
Jackson and John Qainoy
Adams.
Washington, Dec. 22.— When a man
has reached the half-century point In
life, he becomes a link binding together
two generations of his fellows. Reach
ing backward, he grasps hands with
those, now dead, who were forces in
society before his own activity began;
while all around him are the youug men
of his race, longing to take their turn at
the helm of the ship of action, and equal
or surpass the efforts of those who have
preceded them.
"Judge Flandrau," remarked the
GLOBE correspondent a few days since
to that prominent citizen of St. Paul,
who was spending a few days at the
nation's capital, "it seems to me that
you told me some years agi that you
lived during your boyhood in Washing
tin. Does my memory serve me cor
rectly?''
"I came to Washington sixty-five
years ago last October," responded the
judge, utterly oblivious of ihe fact that
he was giving away his age. "That is a
longtime ago, isn't it? Let me see-
John Quinsy Adams was then president,
and it was several mouths prior to the
commencement of Jackson's first term.
Well, I was quite young at the time,
but old enough (o. remember being in
troduced to "Old Hickory," before he
retired to the shades of the Hermitage
to die. That happened in 1533. I think.
1 remember the old hen* very well— how
he looked and his manner of speech,
and the great fondness that all had for
him who were privileged to approach
him intimately. To his equals he was a
stern aud rugged old Roman, but to
women and children. I recall, he ap
peared the kindest of gentlemen.
THE EARLY CAPITAL.
"At the dawn of my recollection
Washington was a very different city
from what it is today. There were no
pavements, and, alter a rain storm, the
streets would be in a condition fright
ful to behold. Both the treasury and
the war, state and navy departments
were then in large, old-fashioned brick
buildings. I was quite a boy, and very
well remember the burning of the
treasury building, though I cannot re
call the year."
"Who were the prominent public men
in that period?"
"Well, as a boy. I knew Thomas 11.
Benton, Clay, Rhett and Calhoun, of
South Carolina, and Daniel Webster.
There were two private schools— one
each in Washington and Georgetown.
Each one of these was presided over by
a man named Abbott— not relatives,
however. At different periods 1 per
sued my studies under each of these
gentlemen. You remember Robert
Ould, Confederate commissioner for the
exchange of prisoners during the war?
His father taught the only public free
school in the district. This was located
in Georgetown.
"Georgetown college, under the con
trol of the Jesuit fathers, flourished
then as now. The recollection comes
back to me that there was an eternal
feud between the pupils of the private
schools in Georgetown and this Catholic
school. The Catholic boys used to come
out for. their exercise escorted by their
preceptors, as theirs was a boarding
school. We young Americans greatly
prided ourselves on the fact that we
were free to come and go as we pleased.
Let me see, 1 recall even yet the words
of
ONE OLD BOYISH SOXC,
we were accustomed to sing for the pur
pose ot annoying them when they ap
proached. It ran somewhat as follows:
'* "The college pies are in the pen.
They can t get out but now and then.
And when they got out
They strut about
To see us Georgetown gentlemen.'*
"Then the fights lhat we used to in
dulge in with them when we accident
ally met. Really, 1 think we anticipated
the war in those famous battles among
the boy students of the schools of Wash
ington and Georgetown.
"The present beautiful and fashion
able portion of Washington proper,
extending from Lafayette square to
Georgetown, was almost entirely an
open common. Georgetown was then
the stylish and fashionable place of
residence. Here lived the diplomatic
corps, and here lived or boarded all the
statesmen of the period who were men
of wealth, besides all the army and
naval officers. Here at Georgetown, in
short, was centered the society of the
nation's capital. In those ante-bellum
days the largest hospitality was shown
to transient distinguished visitors from
abroad; and, altogether, while the two
cities were more or less provincial com
pared with these clays, there was very
considerable social life.
"One of my boyhood friends was the
Russian minister— Prince or Count or
Baron Bodisco— l have forgotten his
rank. He was a man of sixty years old
or thereabouts. He had two nephews—
Vuldimar and Boris -who were about
my own age and school friends of mine.
One day the old gentleman surprised
the entire community by proposing for
and marrying a
BEAUTIFUL GEORGETOWN _'IKL
named Harriet Williams. Miss Will
lams' brother. Brook Williams, another
achoolmate — afterward married the
minister's niece. Brook made some in
vestments in St. Paul, and there is now
an addition or subdivision of the city
which still bears his name."
Readers of the Globe will remember
that while this reminiscent strain was
being indulged in by the judge, we
were strolling leisurely through the
northwestern portion of the city to
ward Georgetown. The day was balmy
and springlike, the sun shining
brightly,- and a soft southern wind
blowing. Every square the judge
would pause to recall some incident of
his boyhood, or to point out some his
torical residence or monument that bore
some pleasant association for him. I
strove to turn his memory into political
A SEDENTARY OCCUPATION,
f __, plenty of sitting
Ik -^ {. _-* down and not
ft raft. //\ much exercise^
ft jB&yS & ought to have
w .rafca &x Doctor Pierces
V^l^yfl Pleasant Pellets
W^^^^jg?Siv to go with it.
vferl&*ksl__«!_l-*T» They alj solutely
v£®y*^K| ,^gg2t" an d permanent-
HI ly cure Consti
*r^ vv 88 pation. One
w^ tiny? sugar
coated Pellet is
a corrective, a regulator, a gentle laxa
tive. They're the smallest, the easiest to
take, and the most natural remedy — no
reaction afterward. Sick Headache, Bil
ious Headache, Indigestion, Bilious At
tacks, and all stomach and bowel de
rangements are prevented, relieved and
permanently cured.
_of*tj_ A "COLD IN THE HEAD " is
EgtA quickly cured by Dr. Sage's
JEgWr\ Catarrh Remedy. So is Ca
jffs&jS X tarrhal Headache, and every
__r_lm_ (__ I trouble caused by Catarrh.
flftl&il So is Catarrh itself. The pro
fcapy£g> y Pastors offer $500 for any
"^fmr case which they cannot cure.
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MORNING, . DECEMBER . 24, 18 ... --TWENTY PAGES. -CHRISTMAS SUPPLEMENT.
channels, and induce him to talk about
the statesmen of half a century ago.
But he would not have it that " way.
Finally he said:
"The most that I remember about the
statesmen and heroes of that period is
that when Clay or Burton, or Calhoun
or Webster, or any real celebrated gen
tleman was to make a speech, it was
customary for the master to give the
boys a holiday. And.you know, boys,
have so many better ways of spending
their holidays than in sitting tucked up
in a hot gallery listening to some old
duffer talk politics. I would go skating
if the ice was good; or coasting if there
was snow; or barring these, the old
Potomac river was always there, and
so was my boat. 1 was an'outdoor boy.
IX THE NAVY.
"Finally, when 1 was thirteen years
old, my friends determined that I would
make a good sailor, and they secured
me an appointment as midshipman in
the navy. The secretary of the navy at
that time was Usher— l remember that,
as he was responsible for my appoint
ment. 1 remained at sea three years,
and then grew tired of the trackless
ocean and concluded that I preferred
the life of a landsman. Since I* remem
ber ti e agreeable life I have spent dur
ing the past forty years in Minnesota.
1 have never regretted the choice I then
made. A life on the ocean wave is all
right for those who really like it; but,
all in all, 1 think I prefer the prairie
schooners of our pioneer days in the
Northwest."
Our walk finally terminated In George
town. As we strolled up High street
the judge gazed around:
"Not a sign— not one name that I re
member fifty years ago. And yet the
buildings have few of them been
changed. They seem just as they did a
half century ago. There, do you see
that building over there? Well, I came
very near learning the drug business in
that building. My brother had been
employed there while I was at sea. On
my return he was to study medicine,
and 1 was given his dace to learn the
business. They had a soda fountain.
There were so many pretty girls in
town who wero my friends and who
were fond of soda water, that I pre
ferred dealing out refreshments to com
pounding prescriptions. It was in 1841,
and the campaign between James K.
Polk and Henry Clay* was raging. Some
of the boys came and told me that they
had just raised '§___
A HICKORY POLE
in honor of Polk, and thai they needed
my skill as a sailor to adjust the hal
yards, or something, so we might raise
the flag of our country to its proper
altitude. I forgot soda fountain, pre
scription case— even the pretty girls—
and rushed off to perform my political
and patriotic duty, leaving the drug
store to run itself. 1 had climbed the
pole about twenty feet from the ground,
and was just getting the rigging in good
trim when I heard a familiar voice:
'Charley, what did you leave the store
for?' It was the proprietor. I answered
truthfully, To raise this flag.' 'Well,
when you get it raised you may stay
and watch it. You need not come back
to the store any more.' 1 did not go
back, and I have even forgotten his
name; but I have always believed the
man was an audacious Whig. Other
wise he would have taken pride in my
patriotic devotion to the cause of De
mocracy and the interests of our com
mon country.
"The lines of social life were even
mor« close'v drawn in those days, I
think, than they are now. The exclu
sive classes, so-called, at the capital and
in Georgetown were composed of the
old Revolutionary stocK and tlieir de
scendants, the officers of the army and
navy, and the diplomatic corps. Posi
tion in the little social world as then
constituted was not fixed to any great
degree by wealth— not so much as it is
today. In fact, there were many com
paratively poor families who were ad
mitted freely into the charmed circle.
These consisted of people whose ances
try had in some manner made reputa
tions during the colonial period, or as
soldiers or statesmen during our two
wars with Great Britain. Almost every
vestige of this old American stock seems
either to have died out here in George-,
town, or else the younger generation
has 'gone W 7 est to grow up with the
country.'
POVERTY-STRICKEN DIPLOMAT.
"Here in this house for years lived
Torladdi, the Portuguese minister. He
was the most poverty-stricken member
of the diplomatic corps. I fancy his
government did not give him a suffi
cient stipend to live on with any degree
of comfort. He could not keep a car
riage, and adopted a hired hack when,
he and his suite ventured down to the
White house to attend a presidential re
ception. He kept few servants, and his
house always looked dark and deserted
except on those evenings— once each
year— when he gave a dinner to his
diplomatic friends. Then the house
would swarm with servants, the win
dows would be a glare of light, and
sounds of music, mirth and revelry
would issue from the little old building
until tne small hours of the morning.
Then all would be dark again for an
other twelve months. Torladdi always
looked very swell, notwithstanding his
known poverty.when he departed in his
hired barouche for a state visit. His
clothes glittered with gold lace,
and jewels of apparently surpass
ing value were worn. On one of
those occasions a crowd of we boys
stood admiringly by as he emerged from
his home to take the waiting hack. An
old colored woman approached him and
asked to more closely examine the
trimmings on his clothes. 'Yes, yes,
auntie.' he replied, as he subtnmitted
to the inspection. 'The gold is all on
the clothes— l carry it on the outside to
show that there is hone in the pocket.!'
"In these days of breaking banks and
financial disaster,"— your correspond
ent begs the judge's pardon for relating
this incident, and sincerely petitions
his creditors to take no advantage of it,
—"right over there is a living example
of what American financial institutions
should be. In that unpretentious
building there Is a bank. No, Ido not
know any of the officers of the institu
tion. If 1 should enter there now they
would probably compel me to be recog
nized before they woud cash mv indi
vidual cheque for $10. Well,
I AM A STOCKHOLDER
in that bank, it has been in existence
nearly or quite a century. The
stock 1 hold has been in my family for
more than seventy-five years. The pro
ceeds from that stock helped to give me
bread in my youth; it paid dividends
which aided in my education; it was re
tained during her life by my mother,
and left as a legacy— divided between
my brother and myself— upon her death.
We in turn bave kept it sacredly until
now. Strongly tempted at times to part
with it during some of the speculative
periods in Minnesota, the memory of
what it had done for me and mine al
ways served as a restraining influence,
and so I have retained it ever since.
During the hard times iv '57 and in '73,
and again at this time it served me a
good turn. 1 sometimes had money
during those periods of distress. Regu
larly to the day— twice each year— the
check for my dividend comes promptly
to hand. .
"There are not many banks like that
old institution existing in America to
day, I am afraid."
The boyhood home of the judge
stands intact at the northeast corner of
Potomac (or Market) and First streets.
in Old Georgetown. Not a change has
been made in it discernible from the
outside. The old box and cedar trees
which adorn the yards are the same that
sheltered him in infancy and youth.
They are more than a century old, aud
yet so slow has been tlieir growth that
he informed me they even seemed
smaller to him than they used to appear
fifty years ago.
"Are any of your old companions left,
judge?" was my inquiry as he paused a
moment in his reminiscences.
ONLY ONE LEFT.
"Yes: one of them— only one of all the
multitude of boys and girls that were
my playmates fifty and slxtv years ago.
John Beall still lives here— a gentle
men about my own age. I always try to
see John when my business brings me
to the capital, and then we sit down
and recall the names and the fate of
those who started with us here in the
battle of life. They are nearly all dead,
while John and I— why, we are still in.
the prime of life."
Then wo strolled through the old
streets, on down toward the hospitable
home where Franklin Steele and his
good wife lived for so many years, and
over the hill down to the" shore of the
Potomac, up past the market house and
again onto High street. Back from
stories nnd memories of the days when
Jackson was president and Clay and
Webster leaders— away from the remi
niscences of times.whenCalitornia was a
terra incognita, Texas a province of
Mexico and Minnesota the Northwest
ern ultima thule of frontier civilization;
when Chicago was a muddy village of
10,000 souls or less; when railroads were
a problem and telegraphs a dream ot
Utopia.
Wonderful! Right out of the sleep
ing past into the living present; for here
stood an electric car waiting to carry us
down High street, across Rock creek,
onto "the avenue" and back to the
capital of the sublimest republic ever
created by the genius of man.
Frank J. Mead.
I-— •
THE POPE'S KESIDEXCa.
Why Leaving the Vatican Might
Prove Dangirous.
F. Marlon Crawford in Cosmopolitan.
Outside of Italy the position of Leo
XIII. In Rome is not generally under
stood. Most people suppose that the
expression, '.'the prisoner in the Vat
ican," which he applies to himself, and
which is very generally applied to him
by the more ardent of Italian Catholics,
is a mere empty phrase, and that his
confinement within his small* dominion
is purely a matter of choice.
This is not the case. _ So far
as the political theory of the
question is concerned, it is probable
that the pope would not in auy case be
inclined to openly appear on Italian
territory, unless he showed himself as
the official guest of King Humbert, who
would naturally be expected to return
the visit. To make such an official
visit and sucn an appearance would be.
in fact, to accept the Italian domination
in Rome, which, as I have already
noticed, would be contrary to the
accepted Catholic idea of the
social basis necessary for the
papacy. It would not necessarily be an
un-Catholic act, however, but it would
certainly be an unpapal one. No one
would expect the ex-empress of the
French, for instance, to live openly In
Paris as though the Parisians had never
been her subjects and as though she ac
cepted the republic in a friendly and
forgiving spirit. And the case is, to all
intents and purposes, exactly identical.
But this is not all. It is unfortunately
true that there is another and much bet
ter reason why Leo XI II. can not show
himself in the streets of Rome. It is
quite certain that his life would not be
safe. The enthusiastic friends of Italy
who read glowing accounts of the de
velopment of the new kingdom and
write eloquent articles in the same
strain, will be utterly horrified at this
statement, and will, moreover, laugh
to scorn the idea that the mod
ern civilized Italian would con
spire to take the life of a harmless and
unoffending old man. They will be
quite right. The modern civilized
Italians would treat the pope with the
greatest respect and consideration if he
appeared among them. Most of them
would take off their hats and stand
aside while he drove by, and a great
many of them would probably go down
upon their knees "in the streets
to receive his blessing. The king,
who is a gentleman and tolerant of re
ligious practices, would treat the head
of the church with respect. The queen,
who is not only religious, but devout,
would hail the reappearance of the
pontiff with enthusiasm. But, unfortu
nately for the realization of any such
thing. Rome is not peopled only by
modern civilized Italians, nor Italy
either.
There is in the city a very large body
of Social Democrats anarchists and the
like, not to mention the small nonde
script rabble which everywhere does its
best to bring discredit upon socialistic
ptinciples— a mere handful, perhaps,
but they are largely composed of fanat
ics and madmen, people half hysteri
cal from failure, poverty, vice and
an indigestion of so-called "free
thought." There have not been many
sovereigns nowadays whose lives have
not been attempted by such men atone
time or another. Within our own mem
ory an emperor of Russia and two
presidents of the United States have
been actually murdered by just such
men. The king of Italy and the Emperor
William 1., Napoleon 111., Queen Vic
toria and Alexander 111. have all been
assailed by such fanatics within our
own recollection, and some of them
have narrowly escaped death. Not
one of them, with the exception
of Alexander 11. . has been so
hated by a small and desperate
body of men as Leo XI II. is hated by
that little band which undoubtedly ex
ists in Rome today. I will venture to
say that it is a matter of continual sat
isfaction to the royal family of Italy,
and to the Italian government, that the
pope should really continue to consider
himself a prisoner within the precincts
of the Vatican, since it is quite certain
that if he were to appear openly in
Rome the Italian authorities would not,
in the long run, be able to protect his
life.
After all that has been said and
preached upon the subject by the
friends of Italy, it would be a serious
matter Indeed if the pope, taking a prac
tical advantage of his theoretic liberty,
should be done to death in the streets
of Rome by a self-styled Italian patriot.
No one who thoroughly understands
Rome at the present day is Ignorant that
such danger really exists, though it will
no doubt be promptly denied by Italian
ministers, newspaper correspondents
and other intelligent but enthusiastic
persons.
Co in Tor t.
"The Milwaukee" is the only road
running electric-lighted, steam-heated,
solid vestibuled trains to Milwaukee
and Chicago from St. Paul and Minne
apolis. Five trains each day. The best
aud most frequent service. Private com
partment cars, library buffet smoking
cars, palace sleeping cars.elegant dining
cars and free reclining chair cars
thoroughly heated by steam.
. Low Winter Tourist Excursion Rates
and best accommodations to all South
ern points and the Hot Springs of Ar
kansas. Also to California.
Special Holiday Excursion Rates.
Apply at Company's TicKet Offices,
365 Robert street aud Union Depot, St.
Paul.
Guaranty Building and "Milwaukee
Depot," Minneapolis, or address
J. T. Con lev,
As3't. Gen. Pass. Agt.,
- St. Paul, Minn.
*m
Study of Household Science.
Popular Science Monthly.
It is woman's province to control and
manage for the household. Whether
she does it wisely or unwisely rests with
herself. No one else can absolutely fill
her place. She should, therefore, study
phases of home affairs with the same
application and assiduity that she would
give to a difficult problem which may
require weeks, months, even years, to
work out, bdt which iv the end must be
solved.
A man enters the arena of business
with the full purpose of being master of
whatever he undertakes. He knows he
must succeed. Reputation, social posi
tion, comfort, progress, the happiness of
his family, even life itself, may depend
upon his efforts. If woman would feel
the same responsibility iv regard to
her home— that she must succeed in
making it a peaceable, health-giving,
moral-giving abode,— and would never
waver until she had acomplished it, we
should reach a state of advancement in
the understanding of life which, except
among some in the cultured classes,
is not general today. : ;..'.;
I do not maintain that the study of
household science will enable woman to
do all this, but such study will help
greatly, perhaps more than anything
else, toward that end. It is one of the
Important factors in that result, and if
for no other reason than that it will
make life lor women in the performance
RASBERRY'S CHRISTMAS SURPRISE.
I— "Lawd ! Woan' dis pullet
please Mary fah Chris'mus.
flfca ' ft ft ■
2 — "I'll jus' put urn in 'er stock
in' an' play Santa Claus."
Nil|. I,, 3T\N
3 — "Stay dah, now; yo' hcah
me!" J |
4 — Pullet— I'm going- to kick
out if I can c
.1 Will l -^fis
il * h' I '-*y b^ — ■ — ~\jUj
— I
s— Cluck! cluck! cluck! cluck!
of their household duties pleasanter,
more satisfactory, sweeter, easier, it is
more than worth trying. To work in,
the dark Is ever perplexing; to work in,
the light of intelligent understanding is
one form of happiness.
The study of household science, taken
In its full and broad sense, leads unto
boundless fields of research. The'
phenomenon of heat, the currents of
air, the life and chemical nature of the
products of the earth, the mysterious
and complex processes of nutrition, fall
almost without mention into such work;
the sciences of chemistry, physiology
and bacteriology are its foundation
stones; in fact, whatever bears upon
the physical life of man is included in it.
Dock Out for a Hard Winter.
Now York Tribune.
Farmer Cushman.of Chenango county,
this state, thinks we are going to have
a very severe winter, for the following
reasons: Corn husks are very thick;
hog's melt runs jagged; the breast-bone
of a May goose sho ws spots resembling
the canals of Mars ; the ducks are flying
in U-shaped instead of V-shaped flocks,
and green frogs are changing their
, ,1 '^ 1
■ ' I! II J "la -" >!)»»)"'
._; Cluck ! ! ! !
liiiili
■ V ItiN^'fR-
7 ? ; j
■ !|r-i — -11^
'"Wi^iilpiiiyilliiP! 1 -^
B— "Gosh ! I must look like a
i ' sight. I'll frighten 'Ras' for
;- monkey in' with me."
|iil|fi|Rl
Jilt ■ p
9 — Lawdha'mussy, Mary, what
is dat? Huh — laik de
debbil."
lO^Good ebeninV ,
skins and seeking springs for winter
quarters. The scoffers at superstitions
may deride the seer of Chenango, and
may hold, in their folly, that none but
green frogs would go to the springs for
winter quarters, but the signs set forth
are all of them well attested, and the
senators at Washington had better quit
trifling and dispose of the business .be
fore them, or a blizzard may catch them
out in their summer garments and
compel them to put on slumber robes
for the senatorial togas.
Congressman Holman. of Indiana,
succeeds to the title of father of the
house. Some people call him a stingy
father, but that matters little. This Is
the year of years for economy in gov
ernment expenditures.— Boston Globe.
-We are willing to wish Mr. Cleveland
a merry Christmas, but we are afraid
it will not do him much good. With
Queen Lil fastened to his neck and
both, branches. of congress asking for
information, his lot is anything " but a
happy. one.— Cleveland Herald. "->"■- ■:;■'_
IN THE RECEIVERS' HANDS.
THE SANTA FE SYSTEM IN THE
HANDS OF RECEIVERS.
THE EVENT NOT UNEXPECTED.
Death of Chairman Magoun Pre
cipitated Matters, and Final
Action Was Taken Last Even
ing—Receivers Have Full Au
thority to Operate tho System,
Discharge and Employ Help.
Little Rock, Ark., Dec. 2?.— The
expected in the railroad world happened
today. Tne Atchison, Topeka & Santa
Pa and St. Louis & San Francisco rail
roads and branches, comprising the
Santa Fe system proper, have . been
placed In the hands of three receivers,
the order being made by United States
Circuit Judge H. C. Caldwell, in cham
bers in', this city, at 5:30 o'clock this
evening. The application was made by
the Union Trust Company of New
York, trustees for the bondholders of
the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, and
the Mercantile Trust Company of New
York, trusteed lor. the bondholders of
the St. Louis & San Francisco. Al
though the press of the country has an
ticipated the result for some time past,
not until the death of Chairman George
C. Magoun, last week, was any immedi
ate action contemplated. The first in
timation of decisive action was received
at 2 o'clock this afternoon, when
a special, the Catoosa, with
baggage car at (ached, which left
St. Louis at 2 o'clock this morning,
arrived over the Iron Mountain with
prominent railway attorneys and offi
cials on board, who hastened at once to
the federal court house and were soon
closeted with United States Circuit
Judge H. C. Caldwell, who had arrived
from St. Louis the night before. The
distinguished party included George F.
Sharett, clerk of the United States cir
cuit court "of Kansas, of Topeka;
George H. Peck, general solicitor of the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, of Chi
cago; E. D. Kenna, general solicitor of
the St. Louis & San Fraucisco, of St.
Louis; A. T. Morrill, general manager
and second vice president of the 'Fris
co, of St. Louis; Charles B. Alexander
and W. W. Green, of the firm of Alex
ander & Green, New York, counsel for
the Mercantile Trust Company of New
York, and W. A. Rossington, of Tope
ka, counsel for the Union . Trust Com
pany of New York. They remained
closeted
BEHIND CLOSED DOORS
with Judge Caldwell until 5:30 o'clock,
when an order was agreed upon ap
pointing three receivers for the Santa
Fe system— J. W. Reinlierr, president of
the Santa Fe system; J. J. McCook,
general counsel of the Santa Fe system,
and Joseph C. W'llson, clerk of the
United States district court at Topeka,
Kan., the latter being ajcompromise re
ceiver, the railroads having recom
mended Reinhart. McCook and George
C. Nickerson, the latter a director of the
system, but who was objected to by the
complainants. The receivership" met
with no resistance on the part of the
railroad companies, and an agreement
was quickly reached. The bills in both
cases, that of theSauta|Fe and "Frisco,"
showed that the lines were heavily in
volved with maturingfiobligations com
ing on, soon, and thatthe interest due
Jan. 1 could not be paid and would bo
foreclosed. In both cases the com
plalnants'.bills went elaborately into
figures and were very full and
voluminous. The bonded indebted
ness aggregates $232,000,000, as fol
lows: $150,000,000 first mortgage bonds;
$77,000,000. Class "A" second mortgage
bonds;. $5,000,000, Class "B" second
mortgage bonds. The interest due Jan.
1 will aggregate nearly $:..000,000, and
the floating debt is about $5,000,000,
making a total liability of about $240,
--000,000. J. W.Reinhart and J. J. McCook,
two of the receivers, are well known in
railroad circles throughout the country;
the other receiver, Joseph C. Wilson,
has been twice mayor of Topeka, and is
deemed a very level-headed man. A
supplementary bill will likely be filed at
Topeka Jan. s, which will be tantamount
to foreclosure of the bonded indebted
ness, in which event the branch lines
which have been sapping the life blood
of the main lines, will be lopped off.
The order in each of the two cases is
the same, and directs that the receivers
be "authorized and directed to take
immediate possession of all the railroad
and properties (including 8,340 miles of
operated lines;, and to run,
MANAGE AND OPERATE THEM.
and to execute the authority and fran
chises ot the roads and conduct system
atically their business." Tho receivers
are ordered to execute each a bond ior
§50,000 within the next twenty days,
and the order contains an injunction
requiring the roads to be turned over to
the receivers. The order contains full
directions to the receivers to employ
and discharge agents and employes and
to bring suits and have authority over
the moneys that come into their hands;
to pay expenses for operating the prop
erty and amounts due for operating the
roads, and for track service, car mile
age and taxes; and the order provides
that it is made upon the express condi
tion that all legal debts now due. and
which were contracted in the operation
of the road, and including damages
and money and work furnished
and done in the construction, re
pair and equipment of the roads, shall
be a first lien upon the property, includ
ing all liability to persons or corpora
tions who may become surety for the
company or indorse or guarantee for it.
The receivers are also required to pay
judgments which are found against
them which are not appealed from, and
all payments of the receivers are to be
audited and allowed by the receivers,
so that they need not come into court
on every occasion. The lien so created
for such claims shail continue until va
cated by an order of the court on notice
to the persons interested. The com
plainants are required to prosecute the
suit to final decree without delay, other
wise the court will discharge the re
ceivers. The distinguished party left
on the Cannon-Bali at for St. Louis,
Clerk Sharett taking the papers in the
case with him to Topeka to be properly
filed iv the United States circuit court.
BEST IN THE WOULD.
General Manager Prey Says the
Project Is All Right.
Topeka, Kan., Dec. 23.— General
Manager Frey arrived in Topeka today
from Chicago. He was seen this even
ing after the news of the receivership
of the A., T. & S. F. railroad was re
ceived. Mr. Frey was very positive the
appointment of the receivers would re
sult in a marked improvement iv the
physical condition of the road.
"As you probably know," he said,
"the step became necessary because of
the road's inability to meet the interest
due Jan. 1. Of course this action will
stop all interest, and the entire income*
under the receivership will beexpended
on the operation and betterment of
the property. While the road's
proper..- at present is in better
condition than for several years, we
shall now be able to still further im
prove it, so it will in the near future
undoubtedly become the best railroad
property in the world. Ido not say this
in a spirit of braggadocio; for I know
the facts will bear out the assertion.
Besides the additional rolling stock
that has already been ordered, the road
will now be able to build new depots
and other contemplated facilities. As
to the policy of the uew receivers, I
know nothing. They are men who
have been identified with the road's
affairs, and know its business thor
oughly, but as to what course they will
pursue in their management, 1 have no
information.". , 7 . - .'-'_:"
Mr. Frey could not say what. *it any
changes would follow among the offi
cials of the road.
THE MORPHINE HABIT.
A MEMBER OF THE MEDICAL FRA
TERNITY REPLIES TO THE GLOBE.
To the Editor of the Globe.
In your Issue of Sunday (Dec. 10th)
you have a leading article entitled "A
Moustrous Evil." I doubt not but that
the most humane and good intentions
have inspired the writer when penning
this article, and there Is so much good
and many noble thoughts expressed in
the same, that It is so much more pain
ful to find, that if so inspired, the
writer has forgotten one duty impend
ing upon him, the duty to see to, that
no false, misleading or wrong state
ments appear in his article. Now. this
is just what he has not done. Without
one iota of excuse, remorse or sorrow,
he hurls out, broadcast, accusations
against tho medical fraternity. A frater
nity, that always stands ready to, with
or without compensation, give aid and
relief to the suffering and with physical
ailments afflicted brother and sister.
He, without any further proofs than his
own utterance, "claims, that lv nine
cases out of ten, the morphine fiend is
the product of a physician." The wri
ter also states: "That the first thing
the doctor does, when called to a case of
acute pain, is to take recourse to the
morphine bottle." How very far this
is from the truth, only one that knows
the dread the average doctor has
for the use of narcotics, can fully un
derstand. In nine cases out of ten, he
will not prescribe morphine or some
similar narcotic, but will instead pre
scribe some of the new discovered
analgesics of the coal tar series in hope
that those will be effective, not only in
relieving, but also curing the underly
ing condition, causing the symptom of
pain. If not successful, he will then
prescribe the smallest amount necessary
of a narcotic, watching the effect care
fully, that will relieve but not deaden
the symptom pain, thereby giving him
a chance to effectually study the case
before him. I now speak of the careful,
attentive and skillful physician, not of
one that by hook, crook or other means
has secured a diploma, and poses and
imposes upon the public, and I'm sorry
to say so often is ably supported by both
the lay and clerical press, especially the
latter, by fair means or foul, to pull the
wool over the eyes of a too-gullible pub
lic. The writer has given a pretty true
picture of a morphine fiend, but he has
given an entirely wrong: source for his
creation and his existence. . With your
permit. I will give you the usual origin
of the genus homo called "morphine
fiend" (narcomaniac.)
A patient comes to a doctor's office or
a doctor is called to his or her home to
be counstilted for some acute pain (true
or imaginary). He now, in most in
stances, prescribes some innocent thing,
in hopes, as you say, nature will over
come the symptom pain, but he does
not succeed. He now prescribes an
anodyne, sporific, analgesic or sedative,
as the case may demand. He does this
with the understanding that the patient
shall report again. The patient feels
relieved, imagines he is cured or im
proving, thinks the prescription a god
seud, does not report to his doctor as
told, keeps up using the drug against
the wishes and orders of the physician
who. in such, cases, is powerless, inas
much as the patient can have the pre
scription repeated ad libitum. If one
drug store refuses another stands ready
at once to fill the fatal drug (fatal only
in the sense that it creates the craving
and appetite for the drug).
Now, my good writer, in what is the
physician to blame? in giving the de
sired relief? The fault does not rest
with the skillful physician— it lies with
our lax poison laws that allow any one
to buy any quantity, small or large, of
any or all poisons, only upon his own
word or upon a prescription from a
doctor, legalized or not, one year or
twenty years old, repeated and filled
one or a thousand times, it makes no
difference. But 1 will speak of this
later on. lam now speaking in defense
of only my regular brethren. 1 will
not defend the irregulars or even those
of similar fame, who, under the false
pretense of infinitesimal dosage pre
scribe larger aud more powerful
potentials, than any regular ever dared
to attempt to give or order. I know too
well how freely those pretenders and
caterers to public fads and fashionable
demands are ready with their syringes,
pellets aud triturates of morphine,
strychnine, atropla, cocaine, arsenic
and other similar and energetic drugs.
They, by their pretension of infinites
simal dosage, became dangerous by th c
people being led to believe that their
medicines are mild and harmless as
water, and in this way being 1 ured
along to the unknown result, under the
pretense of innocent medication and
false colors. I will say, though, that this
does not apply to the better class of that
school. In writing such misleading
diatribes as yours against the medical
fraternity, if you had taken more pains
to find and search for the exact truth
aboutsaid fraternity you would undoubt
edly accomplish more. Probably no
profession has done as much to deserve
the public thanks as we. Our endeavor
is, strange to say, and has always been,
to work against our own selfish interests
in favor of the public at large. Our
profession is large-minded and whole
souled enough to forget ourselves in the
great public demand of work for the
world and humanity as a whole. Wit
ness our steady calls tor higher educa
tion in our own ranks; our steady calls
for regulation and controlling of the
practice of medicine and surgery, so to
be able to exclude charlatans and such
culpable men as you speak of from our
file; our demands for greater care and
more extensive public hygiene; for
purer water supplies; for free hospitals;
for more means to take care of the poor
and indigent sick and needy; for dis
pensaries and other places where
these unfortunates can be treat
ed free ot charge;- our clamor
for poison laws and legulations
against food adulterations; our impal
tient demand for regulations of the sala
of '-'narcotics and venena." With ao
this proof before the eyes of the obserlt
ing public, I think the writer, with vr
without knowledge, has thrown ou
broadcast accusation against the regu
lar medical fraternity that it does not
deserve. The writer speaks clearly and
forcibly about the evil of patent medi
cines, and I cannot enougn praise him
for this his timely word of warnine
given in good style to the public. But
his own paper, as well all the whole
press, with a few exceptions, belies
him, when they do all in their power to
extend and spread the sales of these
same noxious medicines he condemns.
Witness the "ads." of any paper',
large or small, you 'may pick
up, all over the Union. It is
also a pleasure to commend what
the writer has to say in regard to the
cigarettes and its habit, only that vale
rian is not a poison in the proper sense
of the word, but may be classed among
the nuisances. The writer is wrong
when he says that all remedies for com
plexion contain ' arsenic, both external
and internal cosmetics. Some internal
medicines of that class undoubtedly
contain arsenic, but very few of the
external; but these . again contain
another just as dangerous poison, t
wit. mercury. I think he Is wrong
when he says that a habit can be ac
quired by using them. Although the
use of cosmetics, when once begun, has
to be continued, because they spoil in
stead of improve the complexion. The
writer's climax seems to be when he
says that "legislation on the sub
ject would be powerless. Only
the enlightenment of the moral
perceptions of the community,*
and of the medical profession in par
ticular, can check the growth of an evil
that Is worse than human slavery and
the liquor traffic combined." Excuse,
my dear writer; but here is just where
you are doubly wrong. Legislation can
do more than anything else in stopping
this wholesale production of "narco*
maniacs."
If the state laws in the different
states made it a criminal offense or a
crime for any or every druggist or deal
er of drugs to sell" any narcotics ol
venena from the counter without a
written order from a physicians In reg
ular standing, this order to be rewritten
or renewed at each time a new supply
was needed. If the poison was to be
used in the mechanics or arts, then the
order could be signed by any
city official in acting capacity,
this order to be rewritten each
and every time new suppliei
were needed. In this manner it would
be easy work to stop this unknown
wholesale creation of "narcomaniacs."
unknown to the doctor, unknown to the
victim, unknown to the people, who
have a right to be protected. If. again,
in regard to the patent medicines and
nostrums, the state laws demanded that
each bottle or container should have a
printed copy of the contents, not only
the name of the ingredients, but also
the exact amount of each ingredient
put up and contained in each specific
vessel or container, then this would do
still more, yes, more than anything else,
in checKing this wholesale pro
duction of "narcomaniacs," and
also the sale of this "American
evil," the patent medicines and their
creation of invalids. In England a law
to such effect has been in force for the
last year and already the sale of "nos
trums" has decreased by over half. But
this law would destroy one of the Amer
ican protected industries, and of course
the whole Republican party would raise
a hue and cry against a such beneficial
law. If, again, the doctor had specially
printed upon his prescription blank,
this legend: "This prescription cannot
be refilled without orders from the
doctor," and he took particular pains to
see that his order was fulfilled by the
druggist, then again, a good
deal could be done to check this
wholesale production of "narco
maniacs," and would, in a mea
sure decrease the sale of poisons of
various kinds and the unauthorized re
filling of doctors' orders. Thanking the
writer for taking up so important a sub
ject, and calling the attention of the
public upon such a crying need for
legislative interference, and hoping that
his statement in regard to the (our)
profession was done not by malicious
intent, but ou account of misinforma
tion and misunderstanding*:! the under-'
lying facts. 1 will close my reply by
stating that during thirteen years' active
practice, 1 have yet to meet my first
case of "produced narcomania," and I
know many other regular physicians
fully as innocent to the crime accused
of as 1 am. •
Oxe of the Regular Medic
Fraternity.
MADE HER MONEY FLY.
Princess Who Ran Through a Foi-«
tune of $25,000,000.
Phil idelphia Telegraph.
The Princess Ypsilanti, who died in
Vienna a few days ago, belonged to one
or the oldest families in Austria.and was
born in Vienna on March 12, 1845. Her
father was the late Baron Sina yon
llodos und Kizdia. and her mother a
member of the famous Roumanian
family of Ghika. Baron Sina was the
son of George Sina, the wealthiest
banker in Vienna. Baron Sina received
on his father's death 00,000.000 llorins.or
$45,000,000. This immense sum was
divided on the death of Baron Sina be
tween his three daughters, each receiv
ing nearly $15,000,000. One of the
daughters married George Mayrocor
dato, a member of one of the noblest
families of Greece. The. second married
the spendthrift Due de Castries, a rel
ative of the late Marshal MacMahon, oi
France.
The third daughter, Helene, on Nov.
33, 1802, when she was about seventeen
years old, married Prince Gregory Ypsi
lanti, a native of Epirus, and son of
Demetrius Ypsilanti, whose valorous
deeds during the Geek revoluion made
the name of Ypsilanti famous through
out the world. During the siege of the
city or Nauplia Demetrius, with a small
body of Greeks, one night sallied forth
and attacked the enemy, creating such
terror among the Turks that they raised
the siege the next day.
Prince Gregory Ypsilanti was the
Greek envoy in Vienna for many years.
He was a man of independent means
aside from the great fortune brought to
him by his wile, and served his country
for honor alone, refusing all compensa
tion for his duties as its diplomatic rep
resentee in Austria.
Prince Gregory \psilanti died in Paris
on Feb. 20, 1880, and was succeeded as
head of his family by his eldest son,
Prince Emmanuel, who is now a lad ol
sixteen. Three weeks after his death
the bankruptcy of the princess was an
nounced, to the amazement of the
aristocratic circles of Vienna and
Athens. Prince Gregory had been a
man of apparently quiet and retiring
disposition, but he and his wife had
managed to get rid of $25,000,000 in ten
years, and the widowed Princess fouu.l
herself §4,000,000 in debt.
ONLY ONE KILLED.
The Homestead Disaster Not Si
Bad as Reported.
Homestead, Fa., Dec. 23.— An aeel
dent occurred by a cave-in at the Car
negie Steel company's plant at 1 o'clook
this morning, by which one man waa
killed and three others were seriously
injured. Their names were: Killed—
John Kneddie, Polander, aged forty
years, married. Injured— John Noroski/
may die; John Ilareo.Charles Marrglatt.
All were Hungarians. .-.upt. Malauiphy
says the pit would have been completed
in a few hours if the accident had no.
occurred. The men were trimming tha
corners so that the bricklayers could
commence work at daylight. There
were fourteen men at worK, and whet;
the earth caved in the report quickly
spread that alt had been killed. Large
crowds soon surrounded the works, in
cluding relatives of the supposed vic
tims, and the excitement was intense.
The report was sent to Pittsburg, and
the newspapers dispatched reporters to
the scene in carriages and on foot. The
extreme difficulty of getting any com
munication to Homestead at all ren
dered it a matter of^everal hours beiore
the true extent or the accident was
known here.
f^*%»%%-»<>o%»*>»»%%%**t.»'*'.*_.».t/_^yft-»<_-M|
I iSS£ j
..
2 Fullttesa,Bu>eUing aftermeahi,lHzzinest.\
q Drowsiness, Cold Chills, Flushings o;"?
J Heat, Shortness of Breath, Cost, cenesx,£
on the Skin. Disturbed Sleep.Z
aand all nervous and trembling Steep.Z
and all nervous and tr-mblhiri rnmJ
2 tioni are relieve/ 1 .*> using tliese Fills 2
* Covered with a Tasteless and Soluble Coating ?
_\ Of all drnegtsta ■ Price 2.» cents a box. - 2
$_ -.*: Htw York Depot. 3-5 Caual St. * C

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