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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, August 21, 1895, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1895-08-21/ed-1/seq-6/

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THE DAILY GLOBE,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY
At the Globe Buildine-*.
TOR. FOURTH AND CEDAR STS.
, SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
Payable' in Advance.
Daily and Sunday, per month .CO
Daily and Sunday, C month.*.. $2.75
Daily and Sunday, one yeur...so.OO
Daily only, per month. ..... .40
Daily only, six months $2.25
Daily o:ily, one year $4.00
Sunday only, one year ..St. ."a
.Weekly, one year. ....... ...*? LOO
Weekly, one year $1.00
Address all letters and telegrams to
Address all letters and telegrams to
THE GLOBE. St. Paul, Minn.
EASTERN ADVERTISING OFFICE.
"ROOM 517.TEMPLE COURT BUILD-
ING. NEW YORK.
WASHINGTON 'BUREAU. 1405 F ST.
N. W.
Complete flies or the G lo b c always
kept on hand for reference.
TODAY'S WEATHER.
T<I!)AV*S WEATHER.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 20.-Forecast
Tor Wednesday: For "Minnesota: Fair;
Warmer; southerly winds.
For Wisconsin: Fair; probably
{■lightly warmer; variable winds; be-
soming southerly.
For North Dakota: Fair; warmer
In central and eastern portions; south-
erly winds.
For South Dakota: Fair; warmer in
Extreme eastern portions; winds be-
soming southerly.
For Iowa: Fair; slightly warmer;
Joutherly winds.
For Montana: Generally fair; cool-
er ; winds becoming northwesterly.
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.
United States Department of Agri-
culture, Weather Bureau, Washing-
ton, Aug. 20, 6:48 p. m. Local Time,
8. p. m. 75th Meridian Time.—Observa
tions taken at the same moment or
time at all stations.
TEMPERATURES.
Place. Ther. | Place. Ther.
St. Paul 66; Helena S6
Duluth 64! Edmonton 54
La Crosse 70! Battleford 72
Huron 76 Prince Albert 70
Pierre '..84 Calgary ' 62
Moorhead 64 Medicine Hat... .80
St. Vincent 58 Swift Current. ...Bo
Bismarck 74 1 Qu'Appelle 72
"Williston 80 Minnedosa 66
Havre 881 Winnipeg 62
Miles' City Port Arthur ....58
DAILY MEANS.
Barometer, 30.03; thermometer, 63;
relative humidity, 60; wind, northwest;
weather, clear; maximum thermom
eter, 71; minimum thermometer, 56:
daily range, 15; amount of rainfall ■#**•
last twenty-four hours, 0.
RIVER AT 8 A. M.
Gauge Danger Height of
Reading. Line. Water. Change.
St. Paul 2.2 *.2
La Crosse 2.3 **1
Davenport .... 0.6 —.1
. St. Louis 6.2 *.2
*Rise. —Fall.
Note— Barometer corrected for ter
n and elevation.
P. F. LYONS,
Observer.
its.
; "CONCESSIONS*-;- ARE FATAL.
. ({CONCESSIONS'*'' ARE FATAL.
In the interest not only of the
Democratic party, but of good gov
ernment and sound finance, we may
hope that the report of concessions
to be made one way or the other in
Ohio on the financial question are
unfounded. Of all the meth
ods of meeting the financial
Issue precipitated upon the coun-
try by the free silver agitation,
none is so foolishly fatal as that of
attempting to find a middle ground.
Either the country is safe in relying
upon fiat money, or it is not. Be-
tween the two there is no safety. If
. this is true with regard to the cur-
rency itself, it is still more true
Df political parties that deal with it.
The Ohio Democrats might look
with profit across the Ohio river and
see what has happened in Kentucky.
An uncompromising fight was
made there between the Democrats
who believe in sound money and
those who do not. The former won
the day by a great majority, as they
have done in every state where the
issue was fairly set before the peo
ple and passed upon by them, with
the single exception of Mississippi.
When the campaign made by Secre
tary Carlisle was closed, the honest
money Democrats had a big majority
in the convention. It was then that
they stooped to thia idea of "conces
sion!" A lot of politicians of the or-
dinary sort concluded that it would
be a good policy, after securing a
platform of their own making, and
after having announced to the coun-
try that they had won the battle, to
conciliate the opposition by per-
mitting it to name the candidate.
- The result is seen today in a disor
ganized canvass and a demoralized
party in Kentucky.
Senator Blackburn is making his
campaign for re-election on a pro
nounced free silver basis, and de
claring that if he is not the next
senator a Republican will be chosen.
Gen. Hardin, the nominee for gov
ernor, is engaged in a public debate
with his opponent, in which, while
technically conforming to the de
cision of the convention by saying
that he approves the platform of
1892, he violates its spirit and the
•obligation imposed on him when he
accepted the nomination by pro
claiming that he desires the restora
tion of the conditions prevailing be
fore 1873; that is to say, the free
coinage of silver. The whole result
of first importing this issue into the
Democratic party, and then trying
to satisfy both factions after the bat
tle had been fought and won, is to
divide the party hopelessly in the
presence of the foe.
It ought to be evident by this time
to any man that there is no conces
sion to be offered to the free silver
men. They announced their* ulti
matum long ago. It is free coinage
at the ratio of 16 to 1 by
the United States alone, and
nothing less. They have, at
least, the merit of steadfastness
In their demand. They have never
consented to take anything less and
they never will. Either they will
have that, or they will fight Dem
ocratic principles and Democratic
candidates, secretly or openly. When
a fight has to be made, the wise man
makes it with every ounce of
strength that there is in him. After
all, the contest over principles, where
they are fixed and vital, is on the
model of the trial of physical force.
When Mr. Corbett and Mr. Fitzsim-
mons meet in the ring a few weeks
hence, we do not suppose that either
of them, believing that he had his
opponent beaten in advance, would
consider . it wise policy on this ac-
count to give him certain advantages,
to agree not to strike as hard
as he can, or to promise
not to claim a foul. If he did, he
would find that neither, courage nor
prowess could ' save him from de-
feat. That is the kind of policy that
has been followed in Kentucky.*. The
Democratic party should tolerate no
more of it. The silver issue is- not
and ought not to be properly a party
issue. Where friends of free silver
insist upon it and necessitate a fight,
it should be to a finish. Temporiz-
ing with public issues has never
won lasting victories. It has de-
stroyed the usefulness and ended
the career of more public men and
political organizations in this coun- ,
try than any other mistake. Let
there be an end of it.
7-? «»■ —
WILL NOT SUCCEED.
It is not necessary that the people
should vex their souls greatly over
the proposed consolidation or. traffic
agreement between the Eastern
trunk lines. This is only the old
proposition warmed over. It .will
amount to nothing more than the
other "gentlemen's agreements"
which railroad managers have tried
to put into effect. The progress of
industrial development "shows that
there is a limit to combination as
well as to competition. Somewhere
between .the two extremes the play
of natural forces requires all indus
trial interests to stand. When com
petition becomes so fierce that profits
disappear and competing concerns
are threatened with general bank-
ruptcy, they unite in order to save
themselves from ruin. When their
consolidation is so effective as to
produce tempting profits, some mem
ber of the combine is certain to over
step its requirements in order to seize
for himself more than his percentage
of gain. Back and forth these move-
ments play, into and against each
other, with a movement of alternat
ing attraction and repulsion as regu
lar and as much to be depended
upon as the action of the electro-
magnet.
It is true that if these great rail
road interests could be so consolidat
ed as to operate as if they were con
trolled by a single hand, it would be
to the danger and injury of the com
munities dependent upon them. But
that is something which cannot hap
pen. No sooner had the plan been
formulated than it was abandoned.
The next scheme is for some sort
of general supervision of them all,
by which any one found cutting
rates may be properly punished.
This, too, will prove abortive. Even
at the time when railroad pooling
was neither prohibited by law nor
regulated in any way by public offi
cials, it was practically ineffective.
Wherever a* pool was permitted, -the
jealous members of it were horribly
suspicious of one another; and all
such combinations went to pieces
sooner or later, when proof appeared
that some member was retaining an
undue share of the business by cut
ting rates. Merely as a matter of
economic fact, the public has no par
ticular reason to fear the success of
any such gigantic consolidation.
It is true, on 'the other hand, that
the agencies appointed to supervise
and regulate railroad rates and
agreements, particularly in the larg
er field, are mostly impotent. The
railroad commissions of the several
states, as a rule, discharge their du
ties with reasonable firmness and
fidelity. There are few states in
which roads operating within their
jurisdiction exclusively are not held
down to reasonable rates, and the
interests of the people properly pro
tected. It is useless to deny, on the
other hand, that the interstate com
mission, charged with a similar reg
ulation of railroads engaged in in
terstate commerce, has been a prac-
tical failure. Traffic associations
have been formed and traffic engage
ments entered into and carried out
which are hostile not only to the
spirit, but to the letter of the federal
law. This is not due entirely to the
insufficiency or unfaithfulness of the
federal commissioners. It springs,
in the first place, from the law itself.
It attempted to do too much. The
regulation of interstate commerce in
this country is a colossal task. When
it was approached it should have
been on broad general lines, with a
view to accomplishing certain defi
nite, although limited, results. The
interstate law, as passed, proposed
a minute regulation of the details
of railroad business such as it was
not possible, perhaps, for any offi
cial body to carry out. '
The commissioners found them
selves overwhelmed and at a loss in
the midst of a multitude of details.
Finding so much prescribed in the
law which they' could not accomplish,
they have been discouraged, and
have finally settled down into a per
functory organization whose prin
cipal duty seems to be to collect sta
tistics and put out annual reports
that nobody reads. If the act of con
gress had simply laid down a few
broad, general rules that could have
been enforced, and the commission
ers had set themselves to put these
into effect, a better beginning might
have been made. As the situation
stands today, it is clear to any in
telligent observer that no regulation
of interstate commerce, properly so
called, exists. This mighty force
operates practically unchecked ex
cept by laws inherent in its own na
ture. It is fortunate for us that these
are such as have made consolida
tion over any large section of the
country impossible. There will be
no agreement between Eastern trunk
lines which does not fall to pieces of
its own weight. In the future, per
haps.when our legislators are less so
licitous about making political cap
ital, and are able to approach the
subject of interstate commerce in a
spirit of earnestness and statesman
THE SAINT PAUI, DAILY GLOBE: WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1»93.
ship, we may obtain that just, and
effective - regulation which does not
now exist.
TIME TO ACT.
• All the governments of the world
should not be merely, ready to act
in the matter of protecting their
citizens in China, they should act
forthwith. The way to prevent re
currence of the frightful massacres
which have taken place in that
chaotic country is not to sit still and
threaten, or to engage in the tor
tuous usages of diplomacy, but to
have men-of-war and marines on the
spot, ready for instant action. It is.
plain enough by this time that the so
called government of China has
either no disposition or no power, to
protect the lives of resident for
eigners. As far as the other coun
tries are concerned,* it makes no
difference which is the true state
ment. Where there is no authority
to guard the lives of our citizens,
it is our business to provide it. We
may be willing to let the people of
China work out their future for
themselves; but they must not be
allowed to march to it over the dead
bodies of helpless men and women,
sacrificed to the passionate hatred
of the Chinese for all foreign peo
ples.
The indifference of the local au
thorities to outrages already com
mitted is matched by their policy in
throwing obstacles in the way of
an investigation of the facts. The
probability is that the imperial offi
cials feel their own impotence.
Through all the vast empire there
rages the slow, sullen fire of bitter
humiliation because of the victories
of Japan. To the body of the com
mon people it is all one on what
outlanders they wreak their revenge.
The most ludicrous and diabolical
representations of the acts and pur
poses of the missionaries find
speedy circulation and general cre
dence among a populace ignorant
and prejudiced beyond our compre
hension. All China is a volcano
ready to burst forth in an eruption
that will cost many precious lives.
It will avail little if the powers take
thereafter a vengeance terrible and
complete. The only policy wortfiy
of a government is to prevent what
is threatened. There should be made
such an ample display of force as
will compel the authorities to do
their duty, and such protection
should be extended to interior points
as may be necessary to save foreign
residents from pillage and murder.
In a situation such as this has re
vealed itself to be, we do not want
correspondence or remonstrance, but
action. The powers should act, each
one for itself, and all in harmony,
without regard to Chinese promises
or protests, to save their people who
are now in imminent danger.
THE TREASURY SEE-SAW.
Nearly $3,000,000 in gold have been
again withdrawn from the treasury
at Washington for export, and the
bond syndicate has deposited $2,000,
--000 to keep the reserve intact. .And
this see-saw is likely to continue
until an increase of exports shall
change the rate of foreign discount,
or the syndicate find itself unable
to furnish the necessary gold. While
this displays the intention of the
syndicate to fulfill its implied obliga
tion to maintain the reserve, it is
the most tremendous object lesson
ever taught to any people in the folly
of their financial system. That any
man can look at what is going on be
fore his eyes and not discern at a
glance the fatal weak spot in our
monetary policy is inconceivable.
Gold will flow in and out, ice .<rding
to the fluctuations of the market and
the requirements of commerce, like
any other commodity. But it is the
only commodity whose import or ex
port carries with it ease and secur
ity or apprehension and danger to
every interest in the country. The
present movement of money appears
to indicate that the bonds of the
last issue which were placed in Lon
don will not remain there. The con
fidence of foreign investors in the -in
tention of the American people to
repay their loans in the money of
the world is still weak. Therefore
large blocks of those bonds are find
ing their way back to this country,
and the money to pay for them has
to be returned. There is therefore
a greater demand for bills payable
in London than for bills payable in
New York, and the bullion has to be
shipped to make up the deficit.
This would be a matter of uncon
cern, as it ought to be, were it not
for the ability of the bullion exporter
to draw on the United States treas
ury for gold. Suppose that there
were an unprecedented demand in
London for wheat or iron or petrol
eum, and that merchants could com
pel the United States government
to furnish these commodities for ex
port. Does any one fail to see the
absurdity of such a situation? Yet
it is precisely parallel. When there
is a demand for money for export,
it should be met by those who deal
in money— banks. It would be,
were it not for the existence of a pa
per currency redeemable in gold that
enables the banker to compel the
treasury to assume his burden. If
the banks were obliged to meet the
necessities of the situation, no one
would know the difference. The
steady demand for gold for ship
ment would presently cause a change
in the rates of exchange that would
make it move the other way, and
supply and demand would regulate
each other as' they do in mercantile
transactions. But the banker now
does not need to trouble himself.
He simply takes legal tenders and
treasury notes to the sub-treasury
and asks for gold in exchange. The
law compels the government to make
the trade. It loses the gold. It
must pay out the notes again for or
dinary expenses. The next day they
can be brought back for a second
redemption, and so on indefinitely.
It is the crowning imbecility of
finance.
The business world watches with
some anxiety this "game between the
syndicate and the gold exporters.
It is not certain whether the former

will be able to keep its bargain or
not. It is not certain what will hap-
pen after the first of October, when
its responsibility ends. Men look for-
ward to that, date with an appre
hension that is not unreasonable.'
-For,_ji6 matter what the condition]
,'of the country, no matter how flour
ishing its' trade, how great its reve-fj
*nues, how ample its exports, 7 the!
speculator can continue his game.
If he desire to create distrust and
to hammer down the prices of se
curities, all that he has to do is to
keep up the demand on the treasury
for redemption of greenbacks, and
to send the gold abroad.' Thus Ba
great nation placed at his meMy,
and inspiration and encouragen^nt
are given to the propagators of Un-
sound theories of finance by the ex-
istence of the legal tenders and the
treasury notes. Until we have got
rid of these we can know neither
safety nor peace.
EVADING TAXATION.
That was. an interesting letter of
Frank Carpenter's the Globe gave
its readers Sunday on the adroit
methods used by people to
evade paying the taxes levied
on imports. It is an old
story, told wherever a government
yet maintains the revenue raising
methods of the Moors of Tarifa. The
smuggler used to be a numerous
feature in the trade of England in
the days when the coast guard
circled the island to catch the enter
prising navigator who was bringing
in surreptitiously the goods most
highly taxed, to make the handsome
profit there was in cheating the
revenue. Long ago, before Canada
joined the protectionists, the smug
gler was very much in evidence
along our northern border, and drove
a profitable trade across the lakes.
The printed narrative of Silas Bur
roughs, one of the most daring and
skillful of his class, was a book of
adventure that charmed the boys
fifty years ago.
A queer feature of this tax dodg
ing is that it is indulged in by all
classes, regardless of their convic
tions as to the merits or demerits of
the system. Henry George tells, in
one of his books, how, on a railway
trip, after a hot discussion with
some gentlemen who maintained the
imperative need of a protective tar-"
iff, they fell to telling their experi
ences in running the blockade of the
customs officers and getting in dutia
ble goods without paying the tax.
A Republican member of our state
legislature was caught by a revenue
officer smuggling in some costly
robes from Manitoba a few years
ago. One can understand that a free
trader, and even a mild revenue
only Democrat, might take pos
itive pleasure in preventing
Uncle Sam from levying trib
ute on the things he had
bought with his earnings. But* that
a good, staunch protectionist -could
shatter his convictions so ruthlessly
is a surprising revelation of the
frailty of such convictions when per
sonal interest stands in the breach.
There is a difference between the
smuggling of goods and the common
evasion of taxation levied directly
on property that is fundamental,
and rests in an inherent sense of
justice universal among men. The
effort to tax all property under the
direct system is due to the general
concession that property is the
proper burden-bearer; arid that, as
long as it is fairly distributed, there
is no room for objection. The impost
is not based primarily on property,
but on consumption; on the things
people wear and use, either as nec
essaries or as. luxuries. The tax
falls only on the article imported,
and the owner perceives at once the
apparent injustice of making him
pay a tax on the thing he brings
home with him, while the owners of
the same domestic article pay noth
ing. There Is an inequality of bur
den-bearing here that offends his
sense of justice and reconciles his
conscience to the evasion of the tax.
But there are other smugglers than
those who run the gauntlet of our
revenue officers. There is the land
smuggler as well as the maritime
one. The whole power of the state
is as ineffective to eradicate the
former as are the revenue laws to
obliterate the latter. Something in
common there is between them. The
lower motive of gain may influence
them both, and, in diverse ways,
the sense of injustice actuates them.
But in one case the sense is posi
tive; in the other merely neg
ative. The one feels that there.
is an injustice in making him pay
a tax on things exempt in the pos
session of others; while the other*
merely fears that, if he lists his
property fully and honestly, he will
have to bear a larger share of the
burdens because of those who with-:
hold their property from the lists.
How extensive is this evasion every
one knows more or less accur
ately. In 1890 there was listed i
for taxation 29 cents worth of per--'
sonal property for each one dollar
of real estate, including improve
ments, in the United States. That
this is at all a correct proportion
of the values of these two classes of
property, no one at all familiar with
the elusiveness of personal property
when the assessor is making his
rounds will believe. While their
true relations cannot be ascertained,
it is not an unwarranted assumption
that the values are nearly, if not
quite, equal, especially in those older
regions of the country to which the
newer parts have been so long tribu
tary. But the actual proportion is
immaterial. The common impression"
that personal property largely evades
taxation has its foundation in fact
even if it cannot set limits to the
amount. The larger question fen? the
consideration* of st fax-paying public
consideration- of a. tax-paying public
is whether the two systems produce
fruits that warrant their continu
ance. What with the evasions at the
" ■_■■ ■■.'.-• -v ■■ --.■■ -. •
customs and in- the assessors' books,
coupled with "the undoubted demor
alizing effects of both on the popular
conscience, it would seem the ob
vious and simple thing to do to cease
hunting for more drastic methods of
prevention,- and to begin to look for
simpler and more certain sources of
;' revenue. '.-.-' ... V* :
The Chicago Times-Herald has
been interviewing national commit
teemen of both parties as to whether
they favor a long or : a short presi
dential campaign. It is a general
and accepted truth which has doubt
less occurred to these astute cam
paigners that if the campaign was
short and their candidate was de
feated it was much too short, and qn
the other hand, if the campaign was
long and their candidate was de
feated it was much too long. The
campaign is always too long or too
short for the party that gets left. „.
The free silver Democrats '. think
that they have hit on a happy re
proach to their sound money breth
ren' when they set , floating about
the assertion that "there is not room
in the country for two Republican
parties." This is obviously true; and
it is even more true, they may be
reminded, that there is not room for
two Populist parties.
With nearly $10,000 hung up in
purses.and a field of as good horses as
ever passed under a wire, the races
at Washington park.7 Chicago, have
been a failure in attendance. 'It is
because betting is not allowed. Well,
well! 7777?;
It may be said in passing that
New York "buttermilk" is not so
pure as that of Minnesota. ''yAA
SWIFT ST. LOUIS.
Speed, of 22 8-10 Miles Developed
in the English Channel.
/ SOUTHAMPTON, Aug. 20. - The
steam trials of the America line
steamer St. Louis, over a measured
course in the English channel today,
were a complete success. The course
was from Portland Bill to Start Point
and back, which is a distance of 101
knots. The time in which the course
was covered was four hours, forty
one minuter and one second, which
gives a mean speed or 22 3-10 knots.
There was a smooth sea, and bright
sunshine with little wind. The trial
was made to ascertain whether the
St. Louis comes up to the require
ments of the government under the
contract for carrying mails. Naval
Constructor Fernald said that he had
thoroughly examined the hull struc
ture of the steamship while she was
in dry dock, and found that she was
in excellent condition, hardly a rivet
being loose or a seam started. This
morning at 7 o'clock Messrs. Griscom
and Wright,. Commander Bradford,
Lieut. Mulligan, United States Con
sul Kincaid, Lieut. Cowles, naval at
tache to the United States embassy;
Naval Constructor Fernald and a se
lect party boarded the St. Louis, after
which she started, flying the Stars
and Stripes. At Portland Bill the St.
Louis crossed an imaginary line and
started on her trial to Start Point, a
distance of fifty-two miles. She was
going with the tide and she passed
every vessel en route. She reached
Start Point in two hours, twelve min
utes and thirteen seconds, which was
at a rate of 23 6-10 knots an hour. The
vessel turned smartly, pointing home
ward, and twenty minutes later she
passed Start Point and commenced
her return against the tide. She
reached Portland Bill in two Hours,
twenty-eight minutes and forty-eight
seconds, which is at a rate of twenty-
one knots an hour. Mr. Griscom stat-
ed after the trial that he was greatly
pleased, as he had hardly hoped to
reach such a grand result. The revo
lutions of the engines averaged ninety-
five, and it is an interesting fact that,
without taking account of the tide,
the St. Louis went faster during the
last hour than during the first. Mr.
Griscom thought it was the first time
the American flag or any other had
ever been taken at that speed up and
down the English channel. The
draught of the St. Louis was twenty-
four feet.
— ia.ii
GONE WITH .-J525.000.
GONE "tt ITH Jj-.U5.000.
Chieaso Merchants Looking** for a
Lookingr-Glass Man.
CHICAGO, Aug. 20.— Conrad H. Bey-
er, president of the Chicago Looking
G.ass company, has disappeared, and
it is the general belief of his creditors
that he has gone to Frankfort-on-the-
Main. It is alleged that he has with
him a large amount of cash, which
the creditors claim should be divided
among them. The Locking Glass com-
pany failed Aug. 13, and the creditors
at once began proceedings to learn the
state of Beyer's finances and to bring
him within the jurisdiction of the coun
ty court. The National Band of Illi
nois is said to have a claim against
Beyer for $15,000, and the First Nation-
al bank one for $8,000. The allegation
is that Beyer obtained the money
which he took with him by purchasing
goods from dealers of this city for uce
by the Looking Glass company, but t*j
goods were sent to warehouses and .* '.•.*
receipts taken and pledged for . cash.
Between Aug. 1 and Aug. 13, the credit-
ors claim,. Beyer secured between
$20,000 and $25,000 worth of goods, which
he disposed of in this manner. Unless
: he can be brought back the creditors
will realize practically nothing on their
claims.
•,i7*'
* DUNNING ASYLUM HORRORS.
DINNING ASYMJM HORRORS.
ReToUinK Story Told hy the Resi-
' dent Physician.
CHICAGO, Aug. 20.— The investiga
tion of the county commissioners into
"the management of the Dunning in-
, sane asylum began today. Dr. Mo-
Crew resident physician of the asylum,
'told of a horrible battle between two
Umadmen, who had fought in the cor-
ridor of Ward No. 2 and tore each
other with their teeth like cannibals,
•■while Anderson, accessory to the mur-
.uer of Pucik, looked on and didn't in
terfere. At the end of that story
somebody whispered to President
-"Healy, of the commissioners, "You said
• there was nothing to investigate."
(Healy looked up. His face was pale
•and his eyes full of the horror of the
i story he had just heard. "God forgive
..me," he said: "I did, but I did not
know these things." Although the in-
quiry was only begun ■ today, enough
was drawn out to show that great
abuses have been practiced in the asy
lum.
FOUND AT MOUNT DIABLO.
FOUND AT MOUNT DIABLO.
Did Dnrrnnt Throw Away This
' . Gory Weapon?
WALNUT CREEK, Cal., Aug. 20—
: A blood-besmeared knife, supposed
to have been carried by Durrant.
the alleged murderer of Blanche La-
mont and Minnie Williams, has been
: found at Mount Diablo. On the day
following the murder of Miss. Will-
iams a numßer of militiamen, among
them Durrant, stayed at a ranch
near Mount Diablo. Two days later
a lady's knife, the scissors and one .
blade of which had blood upon them,
was found where the soldiers had 7
slept.
?*e*pt' . -
QUAY TitfUOTA|iT
SENATOR MATTHEW CAPTURES
A SCORE OF QUAKER DELE-
GATES.
-HARD "FOUGHT PRIMARIES.
IT RESEMBLED A PRESIDENTIAL
7 ELECTION NIGHT IN PHILA-
DELPHIA.
QUAY'-S COMPLETE TRIUMPH.
»
Result** in Philadelphia Give Him
Re.su] Ls in -Philadelphia. Give Him
Control of the State Conven
tion.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Aug. 20.-
The Republican primaries to select
seventy delegates to the state con
vention and also to choose candidates
for various city offices were held to
night. The indications at midnight
are that the Quay faction has cer
tainly elected eighteen delegates and
possibly twenty-two, with one or
two districts with five additional
delegates still in doubt. The anti-
Quay people concede the senator
sixteen votes. The polls were open
from 6 to 8 p. m., and the scenes
around the various polling places,
in districts in which there were con
tests, recalled an exciting presi
dential election. Never before in the
history of the Republican party in
this city has there been such a fight
in the primaries. In many wards
almost the full Republican vote was
polled. Although the contest was
an earnest one, there was very lit
tle disorder, and the few arrests
made were for minor offenses. The
result was in some respects a sur
prise to Senator Quay himself, who
did not expect to overcome the influ
ence that would be brought to bear
against him in certain localities.
The thirty-seven wards of the city
are grouped into twenty-eight legis
lative districts, and these elected
from one to seven delegates each.
HARD-FOUGHT CONTESTS.
The hottest fights were in the Fif
teenth ward, in which Mayor War
wick resides, and the West Phila
delphia wards, the Twenty-fourth
and Thirty-fourth. In the former the
mayor was badly beaten, the Quay
forces, headed by Alexander Crow
Jr., carrying twenty-seven out of
forty-three divisions, with contests
in two. In West Philadelphia State
Senator Thomas, the Quay man, won
his fight handsomely, notwithstand
ing the fact that David Martin, the
anti-Quay leader in this city, took
personal charge of the fight during
the past week. These two districts
elected seven Quay delegates. The
Second, Third, Fourth Fifth, Sev
enth, Eighth, Thirteenth, Twenty
seventh and Thirtieth wards also
elected eleven Quay delegates, mak
ing a total of eighteen. In the Fifth
ward the anti-Quay leaders changed
the polling places in a majority of
the divisions, and the result was that
double primaries were held. Both
sides claim the one delegate from
this ward, but the anti-Quay man
was given the credentials, and his
opponent filed notice of contest. At
midnight the result in the First
ward, where four delegates are to be
elected, was in doubt.
Later Quay people claim to
have carried twenty-seven out of
nifty-two divisions, with seven in
doubt. If this version of the result
is verified, Quay will have twenty
two delegates from this city. The
Quayites also claim that the Twen
ty-second, Twenty-third and Twen
ty-fifth wards, electing five dele
gates, are in doubt.
COMPLETE VICTORY.
Tonight's contest practically closes
the fight in the state, Lehigh being
the only remaining county to elect
delegates. It appears almost cer
tain that Senator Quay has won his
fight for the state chairmanship, with
some votes to spare. A conserva
tive estimate gives him 160 votes in
the convention, fifteen more than the
number necessary to elect. The sen
ator tonight occupied** his suite of
rooms in the Metropolitan hotel, and
a constant stream of visitors passed
in and out, congratulating him on his
victory. Ke declined to be inter
viewed, saying that he would not
speak for publication until after the
convention, which meets at Harris
burg on Aug. 28. He was elated at
the result of tonight's primaries, and
replied good-naturedly to the com
pliments that were showered upon
him. The contest attracted to the
city politicians of all degrees from
all over the state. These crowded
the headquarters of the two factions
and eagerly watched the returns.
Senator Penrose, who more than any
one else precipitated the fight, car
ried his ward, the Eighth, by a
vote of IS to 3, and will go to the
convention as a delegate. John Rus
sell Young ran as a Quay candidate
in the Ninth ward. This ward is
presided over by Sheriff Clement,
who did not permit Mr. Young to
carry a single division. It was stat
ed at the Quay headquarters tonight
that two of the four delegates from
Northampton county and one from
Clearfield county have deserted the
anti-Quay candidate for State Chair
man B. F. Gilkeson.
The following candidates for city
offices will be chosen at the conven
tion tomorrow: '
District attorney, George S. Gra
ham; coroner, Samuel H. Ashbridge;
city controller, John M. Walton;
clerk of quarter sessions, William B.
Ahren; recorder of deeds, William
M. Geary. All of the candidates are
unopposed and all are present incum
bents except Mr. Geary.
INDORSED QUAY.
LEWISTON, Pa., Aug. 20.— Re
publican county convention today
was a continuous fight. Resolutions
were passed indorsing the Hastings
administration, and Senator Quay
for chairman of the state committee.
DELEGATES UNSEATED.
At midnight the committee on. ere-
dentials, by a vote of 13 to 5, with three
absentees, unseated what is called the
regular Cuyahoga county delegation
and seated the Brice delegates, who
were selected by what was known as
the bolting or rump convention at
Cleveland last Saturday. The . so-
called regular Cuyahoga county dele-
gation resolved to appeal to the con
vention in * a minority, report. Judge
Blandin has been around the room of
the. committee on resolutions during
the evening, and when the report of
the majority of the committee on cre
dentials is adopted he will be unseated,
so -that he cannot join in signing a
minority report on resolutions, as was
expected. In the contest on. Butler
county the Campbell delegation was
seated, and there is considerable feel
ing expressed about Brice and Camp
bell carrying things high-handed, and
about a programme having been ar
ranged. It is evident that there will
be contests in the convention on re
ports on credentials and resolutions.
The subcommittee on resolutions was
increased to seven, so that the silver
men had two mere representatives in
the persons of Patrick and Lewis, and
the gold standard men were represented
by Ingalls, Haro. McMahon, Dietrick
and Moors. This subcommittee will
report to the full committee at 8
o'clock in the morning, if it concludes
its work by that time.
A MASTER AMONG LEADERS.
The Times (Democrat) will say to
morrow: "Senator Quay's victory,
under the circumstances, is a surpris
ing one, and marks him as a master
among political leaders. Shorn of
political patronage, betrayed and de
serted by those men . whom he had
elevated to political power and prom
inence, he has wrested victory from
foreshadowed defeat, and placed him
self once more at the head of the Re
publican organization of the state, a
position he is likely to retain undis
puted as long as he cares to."
The Inquirer (Quay-Republican), will
say: "There is . nothing but encour
agement to be got out of last night's
primaries. The lesson is plain that
hereafter the people will take a hand
in politics. They have been beaten
in some spots where they put up a
strong fight, but notable victories also
have been won, and tliey have. learned
how easy it is to capture the city
when all pull together. The future
can be looked to with hope."
CALIFORNIA*^ SILVER MEN.
Over 500 Delegates at the League
Convention.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 20—
the forenoon session of the non-par
tisan convention called by the Amer
ican Bimetallic league 547 delegates
were seated by the committee on
credentials. The temporary officers,
George W. Baker and George P. Ken
ny, were made permanent chairman
and secretary respectively. In view
of their services to bimetallism G.
W. .Baker, Republican, C. J. Cleance,
Democrat, and Alexander Majors,
Populist, were recommended for ap
pointment as national committeeman
for. the American Bimetallic league
for California, amd were instructed
to proceed without delay to organize
bimetallic leagues through the state.
The balance of the session was de
voted to addresses on the silver ques
tion by speakers selected by th** pro
gramme committee. As-iemblyrcan
Timothy Guy Phelps, ex-collector of
the port, said the committee had met
to right a great wrong, "the crime
of '73." He said by remonetization
our paralyzed industries would be
revived and American laborers
raised to a higher plane. He de
clared that demonetization benefit
ed the creditor and hurt the debtor
class; it disturbed the rights of con
tracts. Robert M. Libetti, of Ne
vada, thought that silver would nev
er be restored as long as its friends
depended on either of the old par
ties. He believed the People's
party was sincere toward silver. Mr.
Hurley, of Calvaero, held that the
United States should proceed to re
monetize silver irrespective of the
action of European countries.which
he thought would soon follow .such
an example set by this country. He
maintained that the only way to se
cure the remonetization of silver was
by the elecition to congress of men
pledged to silver regardless of party.
A silver education was necessary all
over the country.
At the afternoon meeting Delegate
Thompson (colored), of Sacramento,
believed that party affiliations should
be thrown aside and men should
look to their own interests. He had
left the Republican party, although,
he said, it had freed his race. He
considered the negroes had paid
their debt to the Republican party
by twenty years of faithful Allegi
ance, and henceforth he would vote
for the man pledged to free silver.
HARDIN NOT THEIR MAN.
Demand for the Withdrawal of
the Kentucky Candidate.
LOUISVILLE, "Ivy., ,Aug. 20—The
Evening Post this afternoon says: "In
view of Gen. Hardin's speech, the gen-
eral committee should call for his
retirement. Holding the views he now
proclaims of the relation of the can-
didate to the platform, he should have
declined tho nomination the day it was
given him. It is not too late, yet for
him to render this great service to
the party and retrieve his own politi
cal fortunes. But if 'he hesitates to
take this course, the central com-
mittee should act for the party, regard-
less of the personal ambition of any
man or the political necessitirs of any
faction. A dozen such debates as that
last night and the party is undone.
The committee must see clearly that,
as Mr. Hardin has abandoned the plat
form, tho party will inevitably aban
don Mr. Hardin. The Evening Post
cannot support Mr. Hardin."
REFORM DEMOCRATS WON.
Carried Nearly Every County in
South Carolina.
COLUMBIA, S. C, Aug. 20.-There
was an election in South Carolina to
day for members of the constitutional
convention which meets Sept. 10. The
Democratic primaries were held July
30, and resulted in the nomination of
agout 115 reform and forty-three con
servative-Democrats. In* many of the
counties the Democratic candidates
were unopposed today, while in others
there were independent Democratic
candidates and Republican tickets in
the field. Senators Irby and Tillman,
Gov. Evans, ex-Gov. Sheppard and
Congressmen Stokes, Wilson and Tal
bert were all among the Democratic
nominees. They will, to a large extent,
shape the work of the convention!
Very full returns to the Register from
the thirty-five counties show that the
Democratic nominees in every county
have been elected, with a few possible
exceptions. Two independent Demo
cratic candidates may be elected in
Union, and two negro Republicans in
Darlington and two in Beaufort. The
reform Democrats will have a large
majority in the constitutional conven
tion, which will largely eliminate the
gro vote. There was no trouble to
day at any precinct in the state.
mM J^ i I /*%l5?IS?ll NICOTINE
MAI l-JSSIPf THE ACTIV£ PRINCIPLJ
*HK«W NEUTRALIZED'
THE BEST i^^^^^SS! , : ™" — ■ — 7
4* Mm I I « dyspeptic -: -jA-
■■■. . . . ■ '';-.:■:.* ;■■.'■.-
BflfltfE fIUE BOYS
GIVE ABUNDANT -EVIDENCE OP
EFFICIENCY ON THEIR
RUNS. -J
STRENGTH OF ALL STATIONS
-■"."■•.7
FIRE COMMISSIONERS AND CITY
FIRE COMMISSIONERS AND CITY
OFFICIALS MAKE THEIR
ANNUAL INSPECTION.
THE FINE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
THE FINE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
It Closed With Lunch, Then Came
Speeches and Congratulations
on the Hlg-h Standard.
The annual inspection of the cit>
fire stations was made by the fire
commissioners yesterday. With the
commissioners were a number of
city officials and others. Beginning
with the central station the entire
day was devoted to the inspection.
At noon the commissioners took
lunch with their invited guests at
the central station. The repast was
served in the large, hall on the sec
ond floor, the apartment being pret
tily decorated with potted plants
and palms. After the lunch .Comp
troller McCardy, J. W. Lancaster,
Aid. Ehrmanntraut, Assemblyman
Van Slyke, Aid. Lindahl and Com
missioner Freeman made brief re
marks expressing their satisfaction
over the morning's inspection. They
could not say too much in praise of
Chief Jackson and of the high state
of efficiency which the fire depart
ment had attained through his ex
cellent management. In reply the
chief offered a few suggestions.
He recommended increased expendi
tures for the work of the department,
providing the city were willing to
incur the expense. ' "The Life of a
Fireman" was then agreeably recit
ed by Miss A. inner.
The inspecting party was composed
of Fire Commissioners G. W. Freeman,
Kenneth Clark, George Mitsch, E. E.
Hughson, J. C. Prendergast; W. A
Van Slyke, chairman of the fire com
mittee of the assembly; Joseph Ehr
manntraut, chairman of the fire com
mittee of the board of aldermen)
Comptroller J. J. McCardy, Aid. Lin
dahl, Chief Weber, of the Red Wing
fire department; J. Hanaford Jr., Chief
Jackson and Secretary Hall. The of-*
ficlal time keeper v/as Albert J.
Schweitzer.
The first examination at the central
station was of the alarm system and
the operating room. The chief here
advocated dividing the alarm system *
into twelve instead of six circuits as
at present. The object cf separate cir
cuits is mainly to prevent the remain
der of the system's becoming useless by
damage to any one portion. The testa
were then begun. The "standing
hitch" test was that afforded by an.
alarm following which the horses left
their stalls and were timed when they
had been fully hitched and were ready
for a start. The "night hitch" test
was given by the men leaving their
beds, sliding down the brass pole to -
the lower story, and then hitching
ready for a start. Additional tests
were made as to the time required to
get outside the door; the time neces
sary to secure a flow of water through
the hose; the time required for rais
ng ladders, etc. At the central sta
tion the ninety-five foot extension
ladder was raised to its full height
and mounted by Lieut. B. H. Burke
within one minute and thirty seconds
after the truck reached the street.
By Engine* No. 1, corner of Fort and
Ninth streets, the standing hitch was
made in 11 seconds, the night hitch in
21% seconds.
Engine No. 2, Wacouta, between
Sixth and Seventh streets: Standing
hitch, 15; night, 26 seconds.
Engine No. 3, corner Leech and Ram
sey: Standing hitch, 12; night hitch,
24% seconds.
Engine No. 4, corner of Tenth and
Broadway: Standing hitch, 16%; night
hitch, 20% seconds.
Engine No. 5, corner Selby and Mac
kubin streets: Standing hitch, 13%;
night hitch, 23 seconds; running 630
feet, stretching 900 feet of hose and se
curing water, 1:35.
Engine No. 6, corner of Delos street
and Clinton avenue: Same tests. 14V*.
27 and 1:31.
Engine No. 7, Ress street, near Sev
enth: Same tests, 14, 2! and 1:23.
Engine No. 8, central station, corner
of Eighth and Minnesota; First two
tests, 13 and 22.
Engine No. 9, corner of Edmund and
Marion: All three tests, 12, 27 and 1:35.
Engine No. 10, Randolph, near Bay:
All three tests, 12%, 20 ami 1:20.
Engine No. 11, corner' Bedford and
Beaumont: Three tests— 19 and
1:31.
Engine No. 12, Rosabel, near Fourth;
First two tests— l 9 and 27.
Chemical No. 1, Wacouta, near Sixth:
Two tests— ll% and ISI/,.
Chemical No. 3, George, near
Stryker: First two tests, each in the
same time — 10 seconds. .*■■.
Hook and Ladder No. 1. corner of
Fort and- Ninth: Standing hitch—
seconds; cleared the house in 22 sec
onds, and had raisecd a standing lad
der with a man on top in 2:12.
Hook and Ladder No. 2, Eighth and
Minnesota: Above tests— l 3, 7*S}:. and
2:13.
Hook and Ladder No. 3, corner of
Selby and Maekubin: Same tests— l 3.
20 and 44.
Hook and Ladder No. 4. Maple and
Conway: Same tests— 16 and 29.
Hook and Ladder No. 5, Delos street
near Clinton avenue: Same tests—
13%; 19 and 42.
Several companies in the outlaying
suburbs were not tested.
In reference to the water tests it
must be noted that in lower town the
natural water pressure is much below
the pump pressure in other parts of
the city, and it was therefore more
difficult for the lower town companies
to secure a speedy flow of water.
Everywhere the houses and appa
ratus were found in the best of order.
The men of all the companies ex
hibited intelligence, sobriety and good
physical development. The horses
were splendid animals. Altogether
yesterday's inspection made evident
why it is that St. Paul has the just
reputation of possessing one of the
finest and most effective fire depart
ments in the United States.
Clerks Get Gold.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.— The first
assistant postmaster general today
made allowances for clerk hire for
current fiscal year in the following
Minnesota postoffices: Austin, $1,600;
Fergus Falls, $1,000; Crookston, $1,200:
Rochester, $1,000.' An allowance of
$1,000 was also made for Pierre, S. D.
E. H. "-lattice was today appointed
postmaster at Magnolia, Rock county,
and Herman D. Ames at Montery,
Waukesha county, Wis.

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