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BOOKS Of THE HOUR
THE TRIBUTE PAID BY RENAN
TO THE MEMORY OF HIS
SOME ENGAGING RASCALS.
OPIB READ'S ROMANCE OF LIFE
DOWN ON" THE SUWANEE
DOWN ON THE SIW.WEE
UNCLE REMUS IN A NEW DRESS.
(•Hours of Pleasure," a New Vol
ume by a Mii:i-.«-**oln Poet—
Now MasJiziues anil Old.
"My Sister Henriette" is the trib- j
ute Renan paid to the woman whose ]
devotion rendered it possible for his |
life to take its own course. The j
sketch was written in 1562, and pri- j
vately printed Cor distribution among ]
a few Intimate friends. It was pub
lished after Kenan's death, and its
reception in Paris has justified the
appearance of three American trans
The elder Renan, who had encum
bered his patrimony by engaging in
mercantile ventures which were
beyond his business ability to man
age, left his family but a small es
tate, and that burdened with debts, j
Henriette, though less than twenty, |
resolved to repair the family for- |
tunes, pay her father's debts and j
make the advancement of her broth
er Ernest, eleven years her junior, j
her special charge. To these ends
she devoted twenty years of her life,
only retiring from her profession as
teacher at the age of thirty-nine,
LITTLE DICHRAE, THE BIRTHPLACE OF MR. CROCKETT.
when she returned from ten years
of educational work in Poland much
broken in health. In becoming at !
this time her brother's housekeeper J
and secretary she found the long- j
postponed happiness of her self-sac- j
rificing life. The character which
Renan paints for us commands our j
respect and something of our pity. i
From a serious child beset by cares 1
beyond her years and with a strong i
vocation for the religious life, she !
grew into a woman of serious and j
upright soul and great acuteness of j
mind, reserved in manner to such a
degree that ordinary people thought
her rigid and awkward, yet full of
passionate and exacting tenderness
for those dear to her, with a prodi
gious capacity for work and a very
just and exquisite critical judgment.
For six years she was her brother's
constant companion, caring nothing
for other society. "Her respect for
my work," says Renan, "was ex
treme. I have seen her in the even
ing, sitting for hours at a time,
scarcely breathing for fear of inter
rupting me. She liked, however, to
look at me. and the door between
our two rooms was always open."
At the same time she was a severe
critic of her brother's work. "Our
general views concerning the world
and God were identical. * * * *
On many points of modern history,
which she had studied at first hand,
she was my superior. The general
plan of my career, the design of in
flexible sincerity which I had
formed, was so entirely the com
posite product of our two minds that
if I had failed to live up to it she
would have stood beside me, an
other part of my own self, reminding
me of my duty. * * * * I am
deeply indebted to her for my style
of writing. She read the proof sheets
of all my works, and her keen and
sympathetic censorship would dis
cover with an infinite delicacy such
defeats as had till then escaped my
observation. She had acquired an ex
cellent style of writing, altogether
formed upon the ancient masters,
and it was so pure and vigorous that
I doubt if, since Port Royal, a more
ideally correct dictation hid been
known. This made her rather se- ]
vere. * * * She convinced me i
that it is possible to say everything
in the simple and correct style of the
best authors, and that new expres
sions and violent figures of speech
always originate either in misplaced
presumption or in one's ignorance
of his real riches. Hence the rad
ical change in my manner of writ
ing which followed our reunion. I
fell into the habit of reckoning be
forehand with her criticisms as I
composed, risking many things in
order to note the effect on her, and
determined to sacrifice them at her
demand. ' This mental process has
become with me since she is no more
the cruel feeling of a man who, hav
ing suffered amputation, continues
in all his actions to take into con- i
sideration the member he has lost.
She was an organ of my intellectual
life, and well might I say that a
portion of myself was entombed
For six years the brother and sis
ter led this existence together. Mea
ger as it seems in outline, it entirely
satisfied the woman whose ideal of
life was "a laborious, obscure ex- i
istence, surrounded by love and af
fection." She felt, however, that her
brother should marry, and
planned for him a union with
a friend of theirs, a design
which came to nothing. This occur
rence led Renan to suppose that she
was sincere in desiring his marriage,
and when he himself proposed an
alliance with Mile. Scheffer he was
confounded by the discovery that his
sister could not bear the thought.
The reader of the memoir is a little
jlad to discover such a human and
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE, SUNDAY MORNIN<S, . «CT«SBEfi 27, 1655.--TWraTY.FOUR l-AGEi"
feminine emotion as jealousy in the
faultless character^ but the days
that ensued were very bitter ones
for Renan, his sister and his fiancee.
At last, however, Renan resolved to
sacrifice the new affection to the
older duty, and to renounce a mar-
riage which gave such pain to one
who had sacrificed much for him.
Naturally such a resolution on his.
part produced a violent revulsion of
feeling and a conviction of her own
selfishness on the part of his sis-
ter. She hastened to Mile Scheffer.
"She remained two hours with my
bethrothed; they cried together, they
separated joyfully and as friends."
Mile. Renan remained in *. her
brother's household after his mar-
riage, the support of the young fam
ily. Her death occurred at Amshlt,
in Syria, in September, IS6O, whither
she had accompanied Renan upon a
scientific mission. Her brother closes
his sketch of her life with these
"So far as I am concerned, I never
doubted the reality of a moral or-
der; but I now see more clearly than
ever that the entire logic of the sys
tem of the universe would be over-
thrown if a noble life was nothing
J but a sham and an illusion."
("My Sister Henriette." By Ernest
| Renan. New York. J. S. Ogilvie. 25
1 In branding his characters by his
I title, as Mr. Barrett has done in "A
j Set of Rogues," he seems to feel that
jhe has discharged his duty toward
j the conventional standards, and he
proceeds in the most conscienceless
manner to depict such an honorable,
high-minded, affectionate group of
thieves that they completely win us
over in spite of our regard for the
j eighth commandment, and we re
| joice shamelessly in the success of
I their plot, and regret the occasions
j when their, finer feelings get in the
I way of the enjoyment of their steal
j ings. The rogues are two strolling
players, down on their luck because
I of the ravages of the plague in Lon
don; the fascinating young daugh
ter of one of them, and a long-
headed, courtly Spanish Don who
! lays the scheme whereby Moll Daw
| son is made to personate a young
j English heiress, who, with her
mother, had been taken captive by
I the Barbary pirates and sold into
, slavery in Algiers. The plotters ob
j tain possession of the estates, and
i if Moll had not fallen in love with
I and married the young man who
j is next of kin to the girl she is per
i sonating, all would have gone
smoothly. As it is, complications
ensue which end in Moll's going to
Barbary to offer herself as a sub-
stitute for the enslaved Judith God-
win, and in subsequent exciting ad-
ventures for them all.
Mr. Barrett is better known to
English than to American readers,
but the grace and humor of this book
are likely to make him friends among
us. There is an indefinable quality
in his style which may be called
companionability, and which, though
not common anywhere, is extremely
i rare In stories of this kind. It is not
the sort of book to give little boys
to whom tales of theft and piracy
naturally belong, because the moral
is that if you are a lovable villain
all will be well with you — a doctrine
which contains more truth than it is
expedient to proclaim it is very
entertaining reading for children of
a larger growth whose ethical ideals
are beyond the reach of literary re-
("A Set of Rogues." By Frank Bar-
rett. New York. MacMillan & Co.
$1.50. For sale by the St. Paul Book
and Stationery company.)
"Romance, like the Indian, has
been driven about, but this place
was set aside as a reservation," says
one of the characters in Opie Read's
"On the Suwanee River." This ex-
plains the writer's reason for locat-
ing the story in that spot, since, ob-
viously, he did not care to be tram-
meled by reality. The characters
are unfettered both in speech and
action by any obligation- to the prob-
able, and it is difficult to picture any
of them as in the world or of it, ex-
cept the Commodore, a specimen of
the old-fashioned type of Southern
1 gentleman about whom we are al-
ways delighted to hear. Its quality
of absolute romanticism once grant-
ed, the reader becomes interested in
the story, which has clever touches
here and there suggesting that the
writer indulged himself in this wild
debauch of romanticism, not be-
cause he was incapable of actuality,
but because he was tired of it.
("On the Suwanee River." By Opie
Reed. Chicago. Laird & Lee. 75
If the psychologists would decide
I whether the quality of a perform
j ance depends upon its intention or
not, it would be easier to criticise
I such books as "Hours of Pleasure,"
a naive volume of indigenous . verse
which comes to us from the 'author,
IA. L. Sleyster, of Preston, Minn. It
is Mr. Sleyster's idea that there is
just as much poetry in common
things in an ordinary life right here
in Minnesota as there is in anything,
anywhere. This, it will be observed,
is the same "here or nowhere" the
| ory which Carlyle enunciated, and,
! among our contemporaries, it is also
j the theory of Hamlin Garland.
Merely as a point of view it com-
mands respect, but like many not-
able theories its practice is full of
i pitfalls. How Mr. Sleyster carries
out his ideas the following extract
will show: 77.-
- GRIPPE. ?;££' •
Sweet muse, I cannot think or write
My tired fingers scarce can hold the
pen; . . -:-■;-'■
And like the distant lightning on the
A thought comes to my brain and
fades again. 7.7
The demon called La Grippe torment- !
My bones are bruised beneath his
- giant paws; "
No panther ever held his prey more
Than I am wedged between his
* craunchlng jaws.
My throbbing head is bursting sore
My limbs are shivering like a frozen
My teeth rock loosely in the swollen
While chills are chasing up and down
("Hours of Pleasure.** By A. L.
Sleyster, Winona, Minn. Jones &
Kroeger. $1.60.) .
The friends of Uncle Remus—
who is not a friend of Uncle Remus?
— will be charmed by the new edi
j tion which has just been Issued by
i Appleton on the occasion of the fif
teenth birthday of the book. It is illus
trated with more than a hundred
drawings by A. B. Frost, who has
never done cleverer nor more sym
i pathetic work than in these delight-
ful pictures. Here are Brer Rablt,
Brer Fox, the Tar Baby and the rest
at their antics, looking as we have
always known they looked since first
they appeared upon our horizon, and
the sight of them is good for sair
("Uncle Remus." By Joel Chandler
Harris. Illustrated by A. B. Frost.
New York. D. Appleton & Co. .2.
For sale by the St. Paul Book and
Stationery company.) 77-. - .
Anion)!-,- the Magazines.
The St. Nicholas for November,
which begins the new year, is full of
attractions. New serials, by J. T.
Trowbridge and W. O. Stoddard, are
begun. There is an interesting and
fully illustrated sketch of Gerome, the
artist "Princeton," a capital tale of
a small boy, an orange and black cat
and a football game, has only one
blemish. It does not tell who won the
"The Black Cat" is the title of a new
five-cent magazine published in Bos-
ton. It prints only original short
stories, from six to eight in each num
ber. The chances of success for a peri-
odical of this sort would seem . to be
good. The conceit of the title is very
cleverly carried out in the decorative
cover and tall-pieces.
"Ev'ry Month" is the title of another
brand-new journal, devoted to music
and criticism of the drama and litera
ture. It is attractively printed and
gaily decorated with many pictures of
popular actresses, and the letter-press
is far from dull, for the editorial motto
appears to be "When you se? a head,
hit it." As there are evidently brains
somewhere behind the journal we in-
vite the editor to reflect that it is im-
possible to make a whole dinner out of
curry sauce or a whole magazine out of
The current number of the Jenness-
Miller Monthly is unusually rich in
seasonable and Instructive articles for
the home-keeper. "Social Life in the
Country," "The Care of Children in
Winter," "Colds of Children: Their
Cause and Prevention," "The Thanks-
giving Dinner," are some of the titles.
"Harper's" for the month begins with
a story of the Horse Show, by Bran-
der Matthews, and closes with a farce,
"The Bicyclers," by John Kendrick
Bangs. There are short stories by
Owen Wister, Harriet Prescott Spoff-
ord and Julian Ralph. Mr. Howells
writes of "Literary Boston" in the days
when New England was a nation and
had a literature of its own. Richard
Harding Davis' article deals with Co-
rinto, and in the illustrations to Edwin
Lord Weeks' Indian article we meet
many things we learned to know in
our Kipling— "Chota hazri" for ex-
ample, and khansamahs.
On Oar Hook Table.
From the St. Paul Book and Station
Lovell, Coryell & Co. New York.
"A Daughter of the Tenements." By
Edward W. Townsend. $1.75. "A Dash
to the Pole." By Herbert D. Ward.
D. Appleton & Co. New York. "A
Bid for Fortune." By Guj* Boothby.
50 cents. '
Lee & Shepard. Boston. "Chris
tian Consciousness." By F. S. Black.
From the publishers:
Fleming H. Revell & Co. New
York. "Successward." By Edward
Laird & Lee. Chicago. "Hadassah."
By Margaret Black.
American Book company. Chicago.
"Der Lindenbaum." By Helnrich Sei
del. 25 cents. "Lenore." By Gottfried
Burger. 10 cents. - 7
The Black Cat. Boston. Short Story
Harper's Bazaar. Harper's Maga
zine. Harper's Weekly. New York.
Harper & Bros.
Public Opinion. New York. The Pub
lic Opinion company.
The Critic. New York. The Critic
Ev'ry Month. New York. Hawley,
Haviland & Co.
Godey's Magazine. Godey Publishing
The Housekeeper. . Minneapolis. The
Scribner's Magazine. New York.
Charles Scribner's Sons.
Ladies' Home Journal. Philadelphia.
Curtis Publishing company.
St. Nicholas. New York. The Cen
Jenness-Miller Monthly. New York.
The Youth's Companion. Boston.
Perry, Mason & Co.
SHE WAS HEARTLESS'
And Wandering Willie Had to Be
Content With an Old Can.
Detroit Free Press.
"Madame," he said, as the side door
opened in response to his ring, "I have
called to ask If ?"
"I haven't anything for tramps," in-
terrupted the woman.
"No old clothes?"
"A pair of old shoes?"
"Haven't you an old hat kicking
around the garret?"
"Madam," began the tramp, as he got
a fresh breath," can't I get a cold
"No," was her firm answer.
"Not even a piece of bread?"
"Nor a drink of water?"
"Urn! Madam, did you ever have a
cholera mixture in the house?"
"Yes, sir, but we used it all up last
"But you have the empty bottle?"
"Then, will you please give It to me,
ma'am? I haven't an attack of cholera
and don't need the mixture, but I
would like to take the empty bottle
away with me as a souvenir of my call
at this house."
"Too much trouble— take one of those
old cans in the back yard!" she replied
as she shut the door on him and turned
the key. ■.
New York World.
Maud— Primrose, the poet, Is an odd
chap; don't you think he's insane?
Amy— Goodness, no; he tsn't a great
enough poet for that.
She always was a spiteful thing,
And quickly as you're turned away
She ceases to your praises sing,
And naught is mean enough to say.
And since she's tried to ride a wheel
You'd trust her even less, alack!
If you could see her ln her zeal.
Run down a friend behind her back.
A NEW PRODUCT TURNED OUT
OF AN ELECTRIC FUR-
BY A MAN "WHO WAS TRYING TO !
MAKE ARTIFICIAL DIA- 7 j
MONDS. \Y J
1 . i " '
CUTS GLASS WITH RAPIDITY. I
CUTS GLASS WITH RAPIDITY. I
; * -•
Its Uses Are Many— A New -Pre-
Its Vnem Are Many— A New Pre- ;
clouts Stone- Is In Pros- 1
peet. ' j ,
NIAGARA FALLS, Oct. 24.— The
NIAGARA FALLS, Oct. 24.— The j
current supplied from the great pow
er house here has been turned |on !
one of the new furnaces of the Car- |
borundum company. The current I
comes into the factory at a pressure .
of 2,200 volts, and goes into the larg- !
est transformer in 'the world, which j
supplies to the furnace the enormous
current of 7,000 amperes at a pres
sure of 185 volts. When this-cur
rent was first turned on to all ap
pearances nothing had happened in
the furnace room. After some time
a curious smell, caused by the es
caping gases, was perceived A
lighed match was then applied to
the furnace, and the gas ignited with
an explosion. After itihe current had
been on for a couple of hours the
furnace presented a beautiul sight.
Lambent flames played all around
the walls, and along tlie top of the
furnace waves of blue flames trav
eled to and fro. Slight explosions
took place every now and then,
which suggested the idea that the
furnace was a miniature fort from
which continual volleys were being
Carborundum was discovered in
1891 by Edward G. Acheson, who is
now president of the Carborundum
company. For several years prior
to 1870 Mr. Acheson had been on the
lookout for something that would
suggest a means of crystallizing car
bon, or, in other words, forming dia
monds, by artificial means. It was
not till he became connected with
an electric light company in Monon
gahela, Pa., that he had an oppor
tunity to conduct the experiments
which he had previously thought
CARBORUXD UM FURNACE.
out. In his first experiment he used j
an iron bowl lined with carbon, and j
filled with a mixture of carbon and j
clay. Into the center of this mix- ,
ture a carbon rod was introduced,
and. to it one of the wires supplying
the electric current was attached,
while the other wire was connected |
with the bowl. When the current
was turned on the mixture was
fused, and a violent chemical reac
tion appeared to take place. When '
the mass had cooled down it was
opened and examined, with the re- :
suit that a few very small crystals
of a bright blue color were found.
In the experiments that followed
the iron bowl Was abandoned, and
a furnace built of refractory bricks
was substituted. Its interior dimen
sions were 10 inches long, 4 inches
wide and 4 inches high. Into either
end of this little furnace carbon
rods were introduced, and an alter-
nating current of from 100 to 200
amperes was supplied to them.
Though Mr. Acheson had hoped to
obtain crystalline carbon by this
process, it soon became evident to
him that the crystals were not car-
bon only. They were blue in color,
and of such hardness that they could
abrade a diamond, which, up to this
time, could only be abraded by its
own dust. Owing to the color of the
crystals and their general form, it
was believed that they were some
compound of carbon and aluminum,
and thus it was that the new ma-
terial was called carborundum, by
combining the worss carbon and
corundum. Later it was found by
chemical analysis that carborundum
is a compound of carbon and silicon.
The materials used in the manu
facture of carborundum as now car-
ried out are sand, salt, coke, and
sawdust. The sand comes from Ohio,
the salt from the salt works of New ,
York state, the coke from the bi
tuminous coal fields of Pennsylvania
and the sawdust from the mills of
Tonawanda. When the visitor goes
to the furnace building his first feel-
ing is of surprise. The furnaces are ,
of brick, built up into four walls, !
forming a kind of rough brick box,
no mortar or cement of any kind
being employed. Provision is made
for five of these curious furnaces,
each of which measures about , fif-
teen feet long, seven feet wide,'
six feet high. In the center of 'each'
end wall of the furnace is a large
bronze plate, to which are connect-
ed four large copper cables. These
cables serve to convey the current,
which is supplied from the transfer.
room to the furnace building", by
massive copper bars laid beneath" the
floor. Connected with the innerl sur-
face of each of the large plates are
sixty carbon rods, each of whiclh is
about two feet. long and three inches
in diameter. The rods project
through the walls of the furnace
and form the terminals. When the
furnace has been built up in* this
way the mixture is introduced into
it, about ten tons constituting .ia
charge. Through the center of the
mixture a core formed of small
grains of coke is built, and serves
to make a continuous electrical con-
nection between the two terminals.
1 When the current is "turned on it
traverses this core and . presently I
raisas it to an enormous tempera- I
ture, at which the chemical change I
that produces carborundum ..takes
place. . The, current is .kept on for
about twenty-four hours,' and then,
the furnace in allowed to cool down.
When the furnace la opened It. pre-
sents 'a very beautiful ; appearance.
Round the core Its a ring of beautiful
crystals, varying in color from yellow
to, violet. .These crystals are carbor
undum. It Is also observed that the
coke core has changed In appearance,
for It now has a somewhat metallic
luster, and If a piece be pressed be-
I tween the fingers it In found to be
I quite soft and makes a mark like
black lead. At the enormous temper
-1 ature of the electric furnace "all im
j purities have been driven off from the
coke and a very pure form of carbon
remains. * The crystals are removed
from the furnace and carried to a mill,
where they are crushed to a fine powd
er. They are then treated with sul-
p huric acid, washed, sifted and stored
away. 7. -7
On last Tuesday an experimental fur-
nace of a new form was fired and
j kept running until Thursday, when It
) was cooled and opened. The yield was
I estimated at something over 1,000
I pounds of crystals, that were simply
| remarkable for. their size and beauty.
\ Some groups showed magnificent black
I crystals three-quarters of an inch long;
| the largest ever produced at Monon
: gahela were never known to exceed
I one-quarter of an inch.
I It appears further that by lengthen-
I ing the new style of furnace somewhat
'. crystals of better color than any yet
i produced will be obtained, while the
; expense of the process is materially
Today the workmen are erecting a
furnace according to the new plans,
the distance between the carbons being
I twelve feet nine inches, and the out-
put will be waited for with great in-
About two tons of carborundum are
obtained from the furnaces hitherto
used after a run of twenty-four hours,
thus involving an expenditure of en-
ergy of 24,000 horse-power hours, which
would indicate that the material ob-
tamed must be of great value. Until
the invention of carborundum men
have employed certain very hard mm
erals, such as emery and corundum,
as abrasives. The utilization of these
minerals has proved of the greatest
value in various manufactures. Hun-
dreds of workmen are employed
throughout the world in obtaining
these minerals. Their value lies In
their hardness, for the harder they are
the more time and labor they save In
grinding away a given amount of ma-
terial. Now the saving of labor and
time by the use of emery in this way
pays many times over for its original
cost. If, then, a material much harder
than emery could be obtained, it would
be much more valuable, and carbor
undum is this material. The great
hardness of carborundum is well illus
trated by the story of one of Mr.
Acheron's early experiments.
"I made the first test in diamond
cutting with carborundum myself,"
said Mr. Acheson. "I mounted a disk
of iron in a fast-running lathe and
I charged the surface with fine car
| borundum crystals. I then pressed a
! diamond ring against the revolving
! disk, and in four or five minutes the
j facet which hod been pressed against
the disk was found to be devoid of
j lustre, of a milky color, and scored
| with lines. The second test was made
j in a diamond-polishing establishment
j in New York. My experiment was
satisfactory in its way; but my dia
mond did not look nice, and I wanted
!it to be repolished. I therefore asked
! the proprietor of the diamond-polish
! ing works to polish the diamond, using
carborundum powder instead of dia-
I mond dust. He consented "to do this
j under certain conditions. A new lap
I was to be used, free from ail diamond
r powder; my material would be tried
; first, and if successful I would have to
! pay nothing, while if unsuccessful, dia
| mond powder was to be substituted for
j the carborundum, and I would have
i to pay $5 for the work. I agreed to
! this, and the proprietor remarked that
| the $5 was already as good as earned.
j The new lap was mounted and a work
j man was supplied with half a caret of
carborundum powder and told to use
it in polishing the diamond. In the
meantime the diamond had been re-
moved from Its setting and mounted
In lead, as Is the practice in diamond
polishing. Much to the surprise of the
workman, the proprietor, and in some
- measure to myself, an application of
the diamond to the lap for a period of
twenty minutes removed all lines from
the facet and restored It to its former
beauty. Since these tests I have at
odd times spent several hours ln watch-
ing the polishing of diamonds with car-
borundum powder, and some workmen -
have told me that the work Is per-
formed in shorter time than when using
On account of the remarkable hard-
ness of carborundum it is a far more
valuable material than either emery
or corundum in that lt does work
quicker, thus saving time and labor,
and in this way more than repaying
its initial expense. Up to the present
the carborundum company has been
unable to manufacture carborundum
in sufficient quantity to meet the de
i mand for large Wheels. It has made
j a. fair number of these, and the buyers
i seem to be highly satisfied with them.
Their statements as to the superiority
of carborundum over energy appear to
vary a good deal, some saying that It
is three or four times as satisfactory,
while others claim that it is at least ten
times as good. Taking it at the very
lowest estimation it saves a good deal
of money over emery. It has been used
with great success in glass cutting,
doing the work well and with great
An interesting test of the grinding
qualities of carborundum was made by
one of the greatest iron firms in Amer
ica. A large roll of iron was nearly
half an inch out of true, and under
ordinary circumstances it would have
been recast, as the labor of grinding
it down by means of emery would have
been too great. It was thought that
It offered an excellent opportunity to |
put carborundum to a really severe
test, so the mineral was used to turn
up the roll. The result was highly
,J satisfactory, for it was found that the
work was done in just one-twelfth of
the time that would have been re-
quired had emery been used.
Carborundum is sold In various form
such as wheels, hones, files, slips, rub
stones, knife sharpeners, scythe stones
and cloth. The manufacture of these
articles from the carborundum powder
is still carried on at Monongahela' City,
whither the powder is sent form here.
There the powder is mixed . with a
binding material, moulded, placed in
hydraulic presses, and afterward vitri
fied in kilns. Among dentists the great
I ANIMATION IN BUSINESS i
I ANIMATION IN BUSINESS j
£ You will see no lonely buyers, no empty *p
# 7 You will see no lonely buyers, no empty &
Z aisles here. All is life, bustle and business—and J
why not? The prices placed on the high qual- 5
J ity and seasonable &
J Ol IKJI^MtaJ |
J Create no end of surprise. We are going out of
Jr Create no end of surprise. We are going out of
J the retail business. We want to get rid of this J
£ stock—much rather have the CASH and take the
J loss now. You can afford to carry these goods <£
|> over to another season. CUSTOn WORK and J
£ Repairing will have the same careful attention. %
| loveringlhoe CO. I
<? 386 and 388 Wabasha Street. _J
& 386 and 388 Wabasha Street. |
value of carborundum has been recog
nized, and the yearly sales of dental
Instruments is very large. It makes
a wonderful knife sharpener, too.
Probably many people have read
with interest various articles that have
appeared in scientific papers about
Prof. Henri Moissan and his discovery
of artificial diamonds and carbide of
silicon, and yet few know that this
carbide of silicon is now produced here
at the rate of about two tons a day and
sold under the name of carborundum.
It is also an interesting fact that Mr.
Achewn procured his patent on its
manufacture in Franc© before M.
Moissan had even commenced his ex
Six thousand tons of emery are used
in America every year, and no doubt
as carborundum becomes more gen
erally known it will be largely substi
tuted for that material. Large quan
tities of carborundum have been pur
chased by European firms. A com
pany has bought Mr. Acheson's patent
rights in Austria, and has established
a factory at Prague. An English com
pany is at present being organized to
start a carborundum factory in Great
Britain. It may be that in the future
other uses may be found for carborun
dum, one of which has been indicated
by Mr. William M. Blake in an ar
ticle in the Engineering and Mining
Journal, where he writes:
If by any modification of the proc
ess, possibly a slower action and an
equable high temperature long main
tained, large crystals of this compound
could be formed, we should have a
brilliant gem added to our list of pre
cious ornamental stones. Its fine col
or, splendid adamantine luster, and its
hardiness all fit it to occupy a high
place in the series of jewels.
Democrats Nominate Candidates
for City Offices.
A Democratic city convention was
) held at the city hall yesterday after-
noon for the purpose of placing in nor
n candidates for aldermen and
members of the board of education.
James G. Foley was chosen chairman
and Joseph Berkley officiated as sec-
retary. Frank T. Wilson, ex-superin
tendent of the city schools, was nomi
nated for member of the board of edu-
I cation at large J. A. O'Shaughnessy
i was nominated in the First ward, A.
I T. Llndholm was renominated in ' the
Second ward, and A. E. Edholm, the
Republican nominee, was Indorsed In
the Third ward. Byron J. Mosler was
renominated for alderman in the Sec-
one ward, and J. G. Armson, a popular
young resident of the Third ward, was
nominated for alderman In that ward.
The delegates from the First ward re-
nominated J. J. Rlchten for alderman.
Republicans from the same ward nomi
nated L. Simonet.
Three barges loaded with potatoes
were shipped from here yesterday in
j tow of the steamer Lorna Doone. Two
I more barges belonging to the same
j parties were picked up at Lakeland and
! with this tow the steamer started on
I her trip to Memphis, Term. The po
j tatoes were purchased her* at from 8
I to 15 cents per bushed, and the parties
j interested in the scheme expect to make
j some money unless the bottom falls
j clear out of th& potato market In the
i South. Other barges are being loaded
j here and these will probably be floated
down river. The potato crop has been
something wonderful here* this fall and
any number of barges could be loaded
in very few hours, farmers having dug
pits In which the potatoes have been
placed for the winter. There is so
j little demand for them that some farm-
ers have actually left their crops to rot
In the ground.
Amos Tobias, a convict received at
the prison from Waseca county, will
serve two years for grand larceny in
the second degree.
Another fire occurred Friday night,
a vacant house on South Fifth street,
owned by Thomas H. Warren, bring
badly gutted. No one had been living
in the house for a few days and Mr.
Warren is at a loss to know how It
started. The damage will amount to
about $1,000, fully covered by Insurance.
Deputy Warden Lemon has received
a letter from his wife stating that the
condition of Mrs. Seymour is somewhat
improved. She is in Syracuse, N. Y„
and her relatives have strong hopes
of being able to bring her home In
about three weeks. . 7^ 7-7:7 -.
Eddie Foy and his company will ap-
pear at the Grand opera house next
Wednesday evening in "Little Robin
son Crusoe." •_. - 77 77 77
The ladles of the Eastern Star lodge"
will give a hop in Masonic hall, Nov. 3. :
.. The local tribe of the Improved Order j
of Red- Men have sent out; Invitations j
for a dog feast and social to be held j
Sons oC Hermann hall next Tuesday
The marriage of Will Bean and Miss
ussie Bronson occurs at Ascension
urch next Wednesday evening. The
ung lady is the daughter of Col. W.
Bronson, and prominent in Still-
ster society circles.
>LORIXG YOUR MEERSCHAUM.
ovr to Do It and tbe Care You
lave to Take of Your Pet Pipe.
:. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Few smokers of meerchaum pipes are
asters of the art of keeping them
can and giving them.,that beautiful
'lor which makes the meerschaum the
vorite of all pipe smokers. The word
eerschaum is a compound of two Ger-
lan words— sea, and schaum,
►am. Meerschaum is a mineral clay
►und in Turkey and Germany.
Pipe dealers will rarely tell about the
tie art of coloring and preserving your
The most common complaint about a
leerschaum pipe is that it will not
>lor beautifully, even after months of
tost careful attention. If genuine
eerschaum in a pipe does not take
i a good color the fault is with the
noker. Ignorance Is the general cause
' the nasty, muddy discoloration of
le fine clay. Another reason why a
Ipe turns out so badly is that the
vner overdoes his smoking in his zeal
► get it colored. He smokes it con-
amly. When one pipeful of tobac-
> is smoked out he immediately re-
lls the bowl and goes on puffing.
'hen warm from smoking he lays It
1 the marble mantel to cool off where
will be safe. It Is with him night
id day, and he smokes it— particular-
If he is an Englishman— in the cold
Hreet, the warm office and house.
One day, perhaps, it is found broken
in its case and the owner wonders who
has been handling it. He does not con-
sider that meerschaum is susceptible
to heat and cold, expanding with one
and contracting with the other, and
that a sudden change from heat to
cold or cold to heat may have the
most destructive effect upon it and
even snap it in many pieces, particu
larly if it be a most elegantly carved
pipe or on© with mainy angles and
Laying it upon a cold marble mantel
will often cause it to break with a sud-
den contraction. Pipes of meerschaum
have frequently been known to snap
off at the stem and drop from the
mouths of smokers when they incau
tiously rushed from a hot room in win-
ter Into the freezing atmosphere of the
If you ever made an attempt to color
a meerschaum pipe you may. have no-
ticed that in your eagerness to paint
it a beautiful brown you have filled It
again and again immediately after
smoking, and while it was still hot
from the former charge of tobacco.
You have noticed, also, that in a short
time the pipe is burned and you have
destroyed every vestige of hope that
it may ever be colored. It will ba well
for the smoker of a meerschaum to i
know that the pipe should become cold
before smoking it a second time. The
reason Is easily explained.
In preparing the meerschaum, after
the artist has finished cutting the de-
sign and has shaped the bowl the fin-
ished pipe is boiled in wax. Wax is
used for this purpose because it pene
trates the pores and serves to keep
the coloring matter in the pipe. The
coloring matter is the oil of the to-
bacco, and not the oil of nicotine, as
is erroneously supposed. This oil, of
course, comes from the inside and not
from the outer surface of the pipe.
The oil of tobacco sinks Into the meer
schaum, whicb is of a very fine, per--
ous clay. The oil is stopped by the
wax before it is driven out by the heat
to the outer surface. If it were not
for the wax the coloring matter would
pass out by oozing to the surface and
get rubbed or drop off, and the pipe
could never be colored. No smoker
should try to hurry the coloring of a
pipe, for the wax will be driven out •
and the dry, raw clay will not color
The smoker should also remember
that the nearer to the top of the bowl
the wax is kept and preserved the finer
and broader will be the coloring. The
pipe, therefore, should never be filled
to the top. If this fact were more gen-
erally known among smokers we would
not see so many meerschaum pipes
with a dirty brown color at the top,
where the oil has been forced out by
the great heat of the tobacco. .
In smoking the smoker should take
'on-r. slow puffs. The smoker should
have a care not to handle the pipe
with perspirated hands or fingers, as
the sweat is injurious to the- clay, hay-
ing acid in it. This perspiration on the
pipe While heated will give the surface j
a mottled appearance which never can
be eradicated, and the pipe will be
ruined for artistic purposes beyond re-
Never cover the pipe with a coat of
chamois leather. Chamois skin ab-
sorbs the wax, and when the coat is
taken from the pipe it is frequently
found to be covered with blotches.
Remember that the bowl of a meer
schaum pipe should never be touched
by anything while hot, or even while
it is warm.
AFTER EATIXG HASHEESH.
Queer Sen-ant *****■" »-ncc<t bj
One Who Had Partaken.
j During quite a good half-hour I
felt nothing in any way abnormal,
but when the meal was drawing to
its close a subtle warmth, which
I came, as it were, in guats to my head
i and chest,* seemed to permeate my
body with a singular emotion.
Later on the conversation around
me reached my understanding
charged with droll significance. The
noise of a fork tapped against a glass
struck my ear as a most harmonious
vibration. The faces of my com-
panions were transformed. The par-
ticular animal type, which accord-
ing to Lavater, is the basis of every
human countenance, appeared to me
strikingly clear. My right hand
neighbor became an eagle, he on my
left grew into an owl, with full pro-
jecting eyes, immediately in front
of me the man was a lion, while the
doctor himself was metamorphosed
Into a fox, says a writer in the Corn
But the most extraordinary cir
cumstance was that I read, or seem
ed to read, their thoughts and pene
trate the depth of their intelligence
as easily as one deciphers a page
printed* in large type. Like an ex
perienced phrenologist. I could indi
cate accurately the force and quality
of their endowments, and the nature
of their sentiments. In this analysis
I discovered affinities and contrasts
which would have escaped one in a
Objects around me seemed little
by little to clothe themselves in fan
tastic garb; the arabesques on the
walls revealed themselves to me in
rich rhymes of attractive poesy,
sometimes melancholy, but more
generally rising to an exaggerated
lyrism or to transcendent buffoonery*.
The porcelain vases, the bottles, the
glasses sparkling on the table all
took the most ludicrous forms. At
the same time I felt creeping all
around the region of my heart a
tickling pressure, to squeeze out, as
it were, with gentle force, a laugh
which burst forth with noisy viol
My neighbors, too, seemed subject
ed to an identical influence, for I saw
their faces unfold like peoniesvic
tims of boisterous hilarity, holding
their sides and rolling about from
right to -left, their countenances
swollen like Titans. My voice seem
ed to have gained considerable
strength, for when I spoke it was as
if it were a discharge of cannon, and
long after I had uttered a sentence
I heard in my brain the reverbera
tion, as it were, of distant thunder.
His Identity Fixed.
"Yes," said the man with the impos
ing conversational manner, "this coun
try has much to learn."
"Think so?" replied the hotel clerk.
"Emphatically! I am dally pained
by Its deficiencies in art. music, sci
ence and literature. What it wants
is some person— some cultivated person
like myself, for instance— to show it
how its books should be written, how
its music should be composed, how its
army should be disciplined, how its
government should be conducted—"
Here he was interrupted by the shrill
stage-whisper of one of the bell boys:
"HI, Chlmmy, tel de boss ter fire dat
bride an' groom out'n de parlor suite
on de secon' floor. We's got de Em
cror of Germany wit' us in disguise."
*•*-. Louis Post-Dispatch.
"Old Drelballs, the money lender.
asked me to teach him chess the other
day. but flew in a rage at the very
commencement and wanted to know if
I Intended to insult him."
. "What caused the trouble?"
- "The pawn." -r .
77- Why He I>i**npi»eared.
Nov.* York World.
Soaque— That's a beautiful rug De
Tank has in his dining-room.
Banks— l never noticed It.
Soaque— No? Every time 1 dine there
I go under tho table to study It.