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MYSTERY OF AN ANCIENT
\ RACE WHO INHABITED THE
' y.7 ' ROCKIES. ;; ~. yYy'} y
RUINS OF CLIFF DWELLINGS
THEY WELL REPAY THE TOUR-
IST FOR A JOURNEY TO
A CLIMB OVER THE MOUNTAINS.
Cliff Palace and Spruce Tree
House the Finest of Existing*;
DURANGO, CoI.,NOV. 17.— 1n view
of the multitude of persons, with
out special scientfic bent or educa
tion, who are deeply interested in
reading about the cliff-dwellings of
the Southwest, it is wonderful how
few have ever visited them. It has
become a sort of popular fad to spend
one's vacation somewhere off the
beaten track; and small incomes do
not deter many, in these" days of
cheap and comfortable travel, from
gratifying a taste for novelty once
a year. There is good ground for
believing that the reason why some
of the best and most accessible of
our wonderful American ruins have
been visited by so few curiousity
seekers from the Eastern states is
that not many know where to go,
how to get there, or how much time
and money such an expedition would
consume. It is in answer to a large
number of inquiries that I jot down
here a few suggestions drawn from
The most convenient point of depart
ure for the Colorado cliff dwellings is
within four and one-half days' ride of
New York. All roads lead to Denver
or Colorado Springs— a three days'jour
ney; in round numbers, from New
York. There it is necessary to wait
till evening for a train on the Denver
& Rio Grande to Durango, which is
reached the next evening. At Durango
the passenger has an 'hour or two In
which to dine at his ease and look about
the town, an overgrown mining camp:
and nee a train over another branch
of. the same system to Mancos ends
the railway journey. The cost of the
whole trip from New York to Mancos,
including meals and sleeping-car
berths, need not exceed $93.
There are many persons in this reg
ion who can guide a stranger to placeo
where he can see two or three cliff
dwellings; but so much time, labor and
discomfort are saved by going with an
expert in the business that those to
whom such considerations usually ap
peal usually try to secure convoy with
the Wetherill boys at Alamo ranch,
near Mancos. The Wetherills are cow
boys—or perhaps they may be said to
have been graduated into cattlemen;
and it was in hunting for missing stock
for one of their round-ups that they ac
cidentally discovered some of the most
wonderful 'of ruins. It was with
them that -Baron Nordenskjold live-?
and conducted the researches which he
has described in his notable work.
They are rugged fellows, used to the
rugged life of the wild Rocky moun
tain country, thoroughly kind and ge
nial, and tirelessly interested in the an
tiquities they have brought to light.
Their prowess as. explorers is attested
by their collections exhibited in the
Metropolitan museum in New York, in
various repositories in Boston, Chicago
and other cities in this country, and. in
some of the larger museums in Europe.
There is a comfortable farm house on
the ranch, where the visitors can be
entertained for the night; and after an
early breakfast the next morning the
houses will-be brought out and a caval
cade formed for a ride to the Spruce
Tree House and the Cliff Palace, the
finest ruins in this part of the country,
and -those made most famous by the
It Is a rough. trip. I have been over
much bad country, and this is 'as bad
as the worst. I should not advise any
one with a giddy head, weak nerves,
or indifferent powers of endurance to
undertake it. Yet women, here and
there, are among those who start,- and
as a rule they go through. A woman
who makes the venture must be con
tent to don a bloomer costume of over
alls, and bestride a man's saddle man
fashion, for there are places where the
animals are so nicely balanced that a
difference of a few pounds of weight
on one side or another of a horse may
mean the difference between safe con
duct across a narrow ledge or a slip
and" a fatal fall. The undergrowth of
brush, too. presents a serious menace
to the safety, as well as a positive
drawback to the comfort of the inex
perienced rider of either sex.
The horse on which the tourist is
mounted when he sets out from the
ranch house carries him only a part of
the way. The first stage of the trip
consists in getting fairly into that
eccentricity of the earth's crust named
on the map the Mesa Verde. This in
volves a deal of climbing up a narrow,
steep and often treacherous trail. The
top of the ridge reached, and its crest
followed for some distance, a descent
is made into a beautiful green canyon,
a pen built by nature for keeping stock
without a herder. Here a halt is made
at what is known as the first camp.
There is good water near by, and the
warmth and dust of the .preliminary
struggle make a draught very grateful.
3 -■• a it is sport to stretch one's self
on the grass and watch the operations
of the cowboys in capturing fresh
horses for the party from a herd of in
definite number which spend the whole
year in this shut-up place, free to
browse and lire d and die without hu
man interference save for the meeting
of passing necessities. The animals are
of all sizes, from the wiry little Indian
pony, or broncho, up to the "Amer
ican" horse of full conventional stat
ure. Although the Wetherills know
some of their horses, and aim to select
for the stranger those with desirable
traits' of temper and endurance, the fact
that they can themselves mount and
ride at sight any kind of beast, makes
their selections for -others appear out
wardly a good deal like a lottery. It
is a beautiful sight, however, to see the
Highest Honors — World's Fair,
Highest Honors — World's Fair,
MOST PERFECT MADE.
MOST PERFECT MADE/
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Free
from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.
.[ YEARS ' THE ' STANDARD.
boys go galloping down the canyon, the
bridle loosely hanging in one hand
while the other swings , the lariat, and
sometimes the spectator iis treated to
a pretty lively tussh-, a trial both of
strength and wit, between an unwilling
horse and his would-be captor. It Is
better than any Wild West show, be
cause the whole thing is strictly for
business : and not j merely, for the de
lectation of the crowd. •
- The fresh horses caught and pad
dled, the party remounts,, and the
hardest work of the day begins with
th'o start for the second camp, . At the
second camp the pack jj mules are
brought up and the traveling larder
opened. Over the wood fire the boys
fry a slice of ham and some potatoes,
and In the ashes the Dutch oven turns
• out a batch of baking powder biscuit.
Coffee, boiled in the , old-fashioned
way, and served scalding hot In tin
cups, with condensed milk, tastes like
nectar. It Is a much safer drink,
moreover, than the water fresh from
the spring at this camp, for the water
is strongly Impregnated with alkali,
and neither slakes the thirst effectu
ally at first nor leaves any lasting re
lief. Nevertheless, the canteens are
refilled with It, and about 4 in the aft
ernoon, If the party is still energetic
enough for it, the horses are mount-
ed once more and the last stage of
the march Is taken up. -'yy-
" "Taken up" is a very happy phrase,
albeit conventional. Almost from the
moment' of leaving camp the climb be
gins, and it is a climb so steep that at
certain points the only salvation of the
rider is to hook his arm about the pom
mel of his Mexican saddle and hang
on for dear life. The horses hate It.
It requires all the urgency of cheerful
chirrup and swishing whip to keep
them to their work. Even such aids to
progress sometimes fail, for these
horses, through j long practice, have
come to understand human nature
pretty well, and if one thinks he has a
eider he can trifle with hewiil "soldier.-'
Then, of course, if this horse happens
to he pretty well to the front of the
cavalcade.the whole march stop? short.
Every other horse dips his toe-calks
into any little crevice he may find on*
his own bit of semi-vertical rock and
clings with rigid legs. Blandishments,
blows and profanity, are alike wasted
if the "soldiering" horse has a will of
his own, and there is nothing for his
rider to do but dismount and lead him
the rest of the way.
And here let me warn the tourist
who may fancy that a little climbing
afoot, after sitting astride a horse's back,
all day, will be not ungrateful by way
of change; if the stretching of one's
muscles were the only thing to-be
taken into account, this would be true,
but the rarity of the air, say at 7,000
feet above sea-level and in the arid
belt, is a most important and highly'dis
agreeable factor.. in the . problem.
Breathing is enough of a task "here
during the least: possible exertion;
while scrambling up a trail so steep
that one almost has to crawl as well
as tread the ground, it becomes posi
tively painful. The best relief, when
the summit is reached, is to stretch
one's self flat on one's back for fifteen
minutes and \ make long, slow, care
fully measur.d Inhalations and exhala
tions till the normal conditions of res
piration seem to be restored.
The summit of the ridge reached,
the . trail follows it along through a
dense growth of pinon and cedar.
About 7 in the evening some one at the
head of the line shouts, "Here we
are!" as he passes out of the thicket
into an open space, with a wonderful
picture spread before him. The party
is on top of a cliff of bare sandstone,
polished and seamed by the weatherr
wear of centuries. It is at the head
of Navajo canyon, whose boxed ex
tremity curves like a horseshoe. Look
ing across at the opposite side of the
curve, and a little below the level on
which the observer stands, as -one
might look from the upper gallery of
a theater at the mezzanine tier on the
other side of the horseshoe, the. ob
server finds himself looking down on.
and into, the Spruce Tree House. I
shall not attempt to describe It. That
is better left for Nordenskjold, who
gave the ruin its title after cutting
down a spruce tree nearly 200 years
old, which had grown out of one of
Its chamber.?. Suffice it here to say
that the world does' not possess a pict
ure of more utter desolation. The mys
tery surrounding this deserted human
habitation in the wildest corner of a
wild canyon, with Its evidences of cul
tivated skill and cunning, and remains
indicating that the disaster which
overtook its inhabitants must have
come suddenly as a bolt from heaven,
strikes one first with a sense of sol
enmity, and finally with one of- ghastll
ness, which swallows up every other
Impression. .'■'■'-- yr" "•'..;' "<^. '''•
While the evening meal of fried ham,
biscuit, potatoes, tomatoes and coffee
is cooked, the party descend by a
breakneck foot trail to' the bottom of
the canyon, quench their thirst at a
spring which is supposed to have sup
plied the cliff dwellers in their palmy
days, and clamber, by the, aid. of the
fallen spruce tree, up the other side
and into the house. Literally it is a
collection of houses, so joined together
as to make one great "dwelling of
many rooms for a tribe, band or fam
ily. Here are scattered treasures ga
lore for the relic hunter, -to be had for
stirring up the; rubbish of the'crum
bled walls, broken; bits of pottery, ear's
of corn, pieces of feather cloth, slivers
of the rafter and floor wood, and the
like. '-''7.y -'':■'■;':■ yyy:.:
When every one has wandered over
the ruin to his heart's content, climbed
to the upper stories and crawled
through infinitesimal doorways, a new
way is chosen to get 'back to camp.
Instead of recrossing.the canyon the
explorers scale the face of the rock,
which forms the. roof, of the whole
house system, and walk around the
horseshoe to where- the fire is blazing
and the odors of cookery convince the
nostrils that a new era of cliff life
has set in. Their appetites satisfied, the
group in bivouac study the varied ef
fects of moonlight on the opposite cliff
and its tenantless dwellings, and then
steal off, one by one, to a bed of
spruce boughs, a Navajo blanket; and
a night-long panorama of prehistoric
dreams. '\. .. .... .- - '•: .'.'-; : '.-"
In the morning breakfast follows the
first stirring of • the reamp." : Then . the
horses are captured:^ in the canyon,
where they have been interned by a
rail thrown across the only trail they
could possibly follow out, and brought
up to the top of the cliff. The ride to
day is a short one, and wholly on one
level. The party pass around the curve
of the horseshoe, and over the rock
that roofs the Spruce Tree house, and
presently Into the woods and through
them to the cliff palace. Here again
they find themselves at the head of a
box canyon, but one wider and wilder
than that visible from last * night's
camp. The cliff palace is proportion
ately larger! Khan* the Spruce Tree
house, and more difficult of access. If
the impression of the house was ghast
ly, that of the palace is funereal. An
afternoon spent in the presence of the
mystery leaves the mind unsatisfied
and the spirits depressed. . y
The way out to civilization is only
a repetition of the way inito this rocky
fastness, with iits climbs and descents,
Its camps and meals and : open-air
slumbers reversed in their order. At
the home ranch an old-fashioned
wooden washtub, ; a y bucket of hot
water and a bill for $15 await each ad-
venturer, and the bottle— Pond's Ex-
tract—passes merrily around as an in-
cident of the toilet made for. the world
of busy humanity to be faced when
the next train, pulls out of Mancos for.
the East. • .yy '<y ;'.-": "»-?-'
— — mst — ■ .
The Mayle Leaf Lends. ;r-r
The Maple Leaf Leads.
The Chicago Great Western Ry.
(Maple Leaf Route) offers the free use
of . newspapers - and magazines on.l its
through trains, leaving at 7:30 In the
< evening, '.; .'.»,'
THEf SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18, 1893.
FORTS THATFORMED BULWARKS ■-
OF SAFETY AGAINST IN-- - J
WILD LIFE IN STOCKADES;"
.-.'-.;. ~y.;- -.-.- y;, . .'--.. .-,
,y.-;-y;5 --\ -r-^V''l
REMINISCENSES OF EARLY DAYS
REMINISCENSES OF EARLY DAYS
AT HOWARD. CRAWFORD .
AM) "WINNEBAGO. '>,";'
REDOLENT AVITH . MEMORIES. .
Where Cant. Hurvey Fought—
Crawford Full of Romance of
The project to have Uncle Sam
assist the suffering manufacturers •!
of the Lower Fox by taking water' j
from the Wisconsin' at Portage City
revives memories of old Fort Win- ''
nebago, which for so many years j
guarded the portage, says the New \
York Times. This portage between
the Fox and the Wisconsin rivers i
was midway between Green Bay and j
Prairie dv Chien, on the great water-7' j
way, which, till the advent of rail- !
roads, was the highway from the ,
great lakes to the Mississippi. After
the war of 1812, when all the North
! west territory fell into the hands
j of the United States, Uncle Sam
j erected three forts on Wisconsin ter
j ritory in order to make good his I
! rights to his new dominion, and hold !
in awe the savage tribes which had !
been closely affiliated with British j
interests, and still had something
more than a strong leaning in that j
Only two forts were originally in- I
tended, Fort Howard at Green Bay
and Fort Crawford at Prairie dv
Chien. These were constructed just
as soon as the general government
i had time to draw a full breath after
the three years' struggle. Fort Win-
nebago came later. John Jacob As-
I tor was the man who had it built.
The Winnebago tribe of Indians had
an annoying habit of. happening
about the portage between the Fox
and Wisconsin about the time the
Astor's fur traders were passing and
levying tribute on the voyagers.
Astor had no intention of dividing
i profits with these marauding aborig
ines, and he brought such influence
as he had at command to bear on
I the government to secure the erec
j tion of a fort at the portage, with a
i strong garrison to overawe the sav
j ages. His "pull," as a modern poli
tician would call it, proved strong
enough, and Fort Winnebago was
FIGURED IN HISTORY.
All three forts are redolent with
.memories of old-time army men, who,
! in after years, came to world-wide.
; fame. Zachary Taylor, Jefferson Da-
I vis, Gen. Harney, Gen. Twiggs, Gen.
. ' Abercombe, Randolph Marcy and
' maqy others well known by the old
' pioneers, and many a story of them
[ is left behind to be told and retold. |
I Many of the commanders were trans-
I ferred from one post in the territory
j to another, serving for a time at all.
I But it is usually with some one fort
i that their' names are most intimately
' associated, as Taylor with Crawford,
I Twiggs, Harney and Davis with Win- I
I nebago, Neil and Marcy with How- j
. ard. Fort Howard has as command- j
1 ers in its early history several heroes
j of Chippewa and Niagara, as Col. |
! Miller and Col. Neil, the latter espe- I
j cially being held in kindly memory
|by the old settlers. Taylor was in
j command here for a time, and some
! of his household goods, which were
' disposed of by the Taylors rather"
than move them to posts further
: West, are still preserved in old fam-
I ilies. Among the junior officers at
: the fort was Randolph Marcy. While
there his wife bore a little daughter,
who long afterward became Mrs.
George B. McClellan. ',
It is, however, about Winnebago
and Crawford that the cloud of ro- |
mance hangs heaviest. When, in 1828,
1 Maj. Twiggs was ordered to the port
: age with three companies of the First
. infantry to build the fort, he had as
j officers of his little battalion Capt.
' Harney, Lieut. Jefferson Davis and
: Lieut. Abercrombie. The future pres
; ident of the Confederate states left
his impress on the fort in the shape
' of a dresser and clothes press, which
' was heartily appreciated by the army
■ housewives and received its name,
1 which it retained until years after,
I while its inventor was busy making
history on a larger scale.
WHERE HARNEY FOUGHT.
The name most connected with
Fort Winnebago is that of Capt. Har
! ney, bluff amd dashing, whose stern
! sense of justice and rough good na
! ture made him the idol of the old
| frontiersmen. Of him many a story
lis told. Of these, two, illustrative of
; his character, are worth telling. An
j Indian had been brought before him
; for some offense, and was condemned
j to be whipped. The prisoner made an
: appeal to Harney for a reprieve.
i Harney was rather proud of his
prowess as a runner, and, feeling in
a mood for a race, took the Indian
; •down to the. river bank, where there
I was .an unobstructed course, and
i told him if he passed a certain point
! named before Harney could catdh
I him he was to go free. Mr. Lo was
j to have 100 yards' start. At the word
; both bounded away. They had hard-
I ly gone the distance given to the In
• dian as a handicap before it was ap-
' parent that Harney had not mistak-
en his prowess. He was was gaining
jon his victim at every stride. As
\ he was about to seize the Indian the
•latter turned and ran across a frozen
pond. Harney sprang after. It hap-
pened that the ice was thin. The In-
dian was light and the captain heavy.
He had taken barely a dozen steps
before the ice cracked and down he.
went, while the redskin went off at
top speed. Dripping with his unex- ;
pected bath, as soon as he could
catch his breath Harney roared to
the sentinel to shoot the Indian. The
order was promptly obeyed so far. as
the firing went, but the soldier's aim
was so disturbed by suppressed';
laughter thait the ball went wide of
Its mark, and before he could reload
the tricky savage was out of sight. -*.-„
TROUNCED AN INSUBORDIN-' ;
Another time Harney had occasion
to punish a soldier of his company
named Hewitt for some, infraction of
discipline. ■ Hewitt had quite a repu
tation as a pugilist. As he was being
led off for punishment, .he turned to )
Harney, crying: "If you were in the
franks, ; or >l; an officer, you wouldn't
treait me this way." '-. V. . .*' y; y» '"
y The taunt was too much for Har
ney. Casting aside the articles of
war as not meeting the occasion, he
ordered are guard "to turn Hewitt
loose,'. Then; turning to the man, he
said: "You follow me." .. •
] Leading the way to a secluded spot
bching the buildings, where there.
was a nice bit of level ground, Har
hey' stopped, took off his coat, and
said to Hewitt: "Now, my man,.
just consider yourself an officer for
the time being." The soldier did not;
need a second invitation. With a
look of satisfaction .in his eye, he
quickly stripped, intending to take
prompt and sufficient revenge for all
past puniclhments. There was no hes
itation on either side. Both toed
the scratch promptly. Hewitt led
out, but somehow his blow fell short,
and in return he, received a facer:
that sent him to grass. First round
and knack-down for Harney. The
next went the same way, and the
next, and so on for a half dozen.
In short, the whilom pugilist re
ceived one of the neatest, completest
and. most scientific thrashings he had
bad for many a day. Finally, when
time was called, he refused to re
spond, but said, meekly:
| "Captain, I have been an officer
long enough. ;I should like to be re
duced to the ranks again."
Harney responded with a laugh
and a handshake, and ordered him
back to his. quarters with a warning
net to be caught in trouble again.
The story leaked out among the men,
with whom their bluff captain wad
more of an idol than ever. .'.'_-
TAYLOR AND DAVIS.
Fort Crawford was full of romance
of tho Taylors. When old "Rough
and Ready" became the hero of Buena
Vista and Palo Alto, and later was
elected president, old residents used
to • recall with delight stories of his
term as commandant at Fort Craw
ford. Maj. Taylor, as he was at that
time, built the second Fort Crawford.
It was while he was in command there
that Lieut. Jeffersn Davis wooed and
won Knox, Maj. Taylor's daughter,
which wooing gave rise to so many ro
mantic stories, including an elopement,
a hot chase by the angry parent, and
other exciting incidents. For many
years the very window from, which
Miss Knox escaped into the arms of
her waiting lover was pointed out. It
made no difference that the story was
denied in general and in detail, that it
was pointed out that there could have
been no elopement, as the young lady
was visiting friends in Kentucky at
the time, . where the marriage took
place. It bloomed perennially for
many years, and seemed to have more
lives than a Canada thistle. . - *
Several good stories of Gen. Taylor
are, however, retained, showing the
peculiarities of the old hero in those
early days. For years old-timers re
called incidents illustrating Taylor's.
rough and homely ways. Among oth
er things, Taylor was a strict dis
ciplinarian, and as his temper was not
of the mildest, he was accustomed at
times to take the matter of punish
ment into his own hands without wait
ing for the usual proceedings as laid
down in the rules and • regulations.
Among other methods then in use in
the army by the officers for punishing
men was a habit of seizing the victim
by the ears and. worrying much as a
dog would worry an antagonist. This
was called "wooling" a man. It must
be admitted that Maj. Taylor was very
much given to this particular style of
punishment and it was" his habit, when
anything did not suit him, to jump -on
the offender and worry him severely. i<
j.K .TEUTON A GOOD SOLDIER. \ll\
■ One- day, when the troops '- were
'drawn up for parade, one of the front
rank * men happened to be a German,
a new recruit and unable. . to.- under
stand a word of English. , It also hap
pened that a front profile view of his
figure showed pronounced aldermanic
proportions. S This caused the line at
that point to bulge : out ■ like a "turret
on an ironclad. .This day, as soon as
Taylor glanced ; over the line, his eye
caught this disturbance of its sym
metry from a military point of view.
"Get back there Into line," he roared
with the usual embellishments in the
way of expletives common in those
early . days. The new recruit, not
understanding the order, and impressed
with the Idea that he was doing very
well indeed, stood stock still. A sec
ond order had no more effect. Aston
ishment at the supposed audacity .of
the man held Taylor for a moment,
then, running up, he seized the poor
fellow by the ears and began "wool
ing" him. Not understanding -why
he was so used, sore and indignant,
the soldier struck out heartily at his
tormentor, landing him in a heap on
the ground. For a few minutes there
was intense excitement. Officers came
running up with swords ■ drawn, and
would have cut the daring man down
where he stood, had not Taylor, recov
ering from the effects of the blow,
roared out the command: "Let. him
alone! Let him alone! He will make
a good soldier." Tradition says that
the man justified the officer's predic
tion. yy yy
GOT A WOOLING.
Another time Taylor was balked. in
his favorite punishment, but the man
did not escape so easily as the Ger
man recruit. A soldier made a bet
with a comrade that he could excite
the major's ire and escape without a
wooling. The bet was promptly taken.
The next day, just before parade, the
man who laid the wager rubbed his
ears thoroughly with soap. When the
' line was formed he was intentionally
awkward. This, as he expected,
brought Taylor down to- where the
wag was standing on the jump. Rush
ing up to the soldier, he inquired what
in blankety blank he meant by such
actions, and at the same time seized
his ears for his favorite practice. But
the soap proved true, and Taylor could
secure no grip. Again he tried and
again his fingers slipped. By this time
those in the vicinity who were in the
joke were nearly bursting with sup-
pressed laughter. Taylor recognized
that he had been tricked, but he was
too angry to join in the laugh .that
was threatening to throw his officers
into apoplexy if they had to hold in
much longer, and ordered up a file of ■
men and sent the joker to the guard
house. '■;_- '■'■ i
Taylor left Fort Crawford In 1836.
As the danger from the Indians grew
less the commands were withdrawn
and in time the reservations were sold
and the buildings fell into decay. Fort
Crawford" was the last" to succumb,
and a portion of its old buildings is*
still standing, veritable relics of .' the j
days that were. It was an odd coin-
cidence that when the order was is-
sued 'for the sale of the Fort Winne
bago reservation in 1853 it was signed
by Jefferson Davis as secretary of war,
who, as a junior lieutenant; had helped
build the fort a quarter of a century
before. -r- -■ '■"■'■'.
To California on the "Maple Leaf.'*'
'*; Every. Tuesday; the Chicago Great
Western Railway - (Maple Leaf Route)
run a Tourist Sleeper via the Santa
Fe Route \to . Los' Angeles— - hours
shorter than by any other line! Tick
' ets at Maple Leaf Ticket Office. Rob
ert and Fifth streets. ' '. .■-.;-. ■■■
y. Right She Is.
New York World. '.--.'- ,
William ' Ann— is - one thing I ,
cannot help admiring about the Statue
i -Liberty. - .-.--.•■ -y ...
William - Ann— She *** keeps her back
turned on Jersey.
THE "SANCTIFICATIONISTS" .OF
•helton, TEX., A CURIOUS *i .;,'
FIN DE SIECLE WOMEN
OF THE VERY NEWEST TYPO
THE ONLY MEMBERS :OF
THE BAND. '*
THEY HOLD QUEER. BELIEFS.
The Property Being PoMnemted in
Common— The "Society.. Pros
. -: .,;':-; ' perous. y 4-,,.
BELTON, Tex., Nov. 17. — While
New York has been wrestling with
the "New Woman" in embryo this
thriving little city has for years had
a whole colony of "new" women. It
has been called an Adamless Eden.
Anyhow, there are no men' wanted.
These women have invested their
earnings and grown rich. Their in
fluence is felt considerably in this
locality. They have now adopted
bloomers for ytfheir- every-day ap
parel. " . ' ." .
Belton's new women are united un
der 'the more or less euphonious ap
pellation of "The Santificatiohists."
From, that title one would conclude
that the organization was a strictly
religious one. It is not. They are
"new" women — women—
with all tlhe requisites of that enig
matical creature. They are up-to-
date in all matters. They advocate
woman's suffrage, and their every
move indicates that they can get
along very well without the stronger
sex. These women were , devoutly
religious in the beginning, many of
them leaving husbands to join the
society from purely religious mo
tives. They believed in being sanc
tified, and thought they could not
be in that happy state while living
with their husbands.
GREAT BUSINESS WOMEN.
■ There are now thirty-five of these
women. They started by hiring out
as servants. Mrs. Margaret Henry,
a leading light, used to cut wood.
They placed their earnings in the
common fund. . It was judiciously
invested, and it multiplied a hun
dren fold. The women bought
farms. They bought city real es
tate. Money was loaned on mort
gages and notes. Everything these
women touched seemed to win.
Finally they organized themselves
into the Central Hotel company.
This hotel, which is in the city, is
said to have cost $50,000. It is famed
throughout the Lone Star state.. The
latest investment of -the band is a
new opera house here. It is a mag
nificent playhouse in every respect,
and would do honor to a city many
times as large as Belton. Some per
sons estimate the wealth of the band
now at $200,000.- It is impossible to
get any word "from any i member of
the society on that question. It is
all on a co-operative system. The
property is the common property of
all. All. work and all reap benefits.
' The founder and president of the
order is Mrs. Martha McWhirter.
Mrs. : Gertrude Scheehle is secretary
and ". Miss Lizzie' Holtzclow is treas
urer of the common funds. Mrs. Mc-
Whirter is a remarkable woman. She
is now about 70 years old. She is a
native of Tennessee -and the mother
of five children. -She and her hus
band and children moved to the Lone
Star state forty years ago. * She was
always of a religious turn of mind
and at that time, a Methodist.
At the beginning two brothers,
Matthew and Arnold Dow, were im
portant factors in the new sect. They
coached the women in their new be
liefs, and it is said advised them that
to become sanctified they must leave
their husbands. That is what was
brought out later at a trial. At any
rate, the women began to break up
happy homes. The natives rose up
en masse, and one night a masked
mob took " the brothers from the r
hoijie and thrashed them* and or
dered them to leave the country.
They refused to go. They claimed to
be Scotchmen and British subjects,
and the British consul was asked to
look into the case. Then the broth
ers were up for trial on a charge of
lunacy, but were discharged.. Short
ly* afterward they left here. Mat
thew Dow is now mayor of a little
city in Washington.
; Mrs. McWhirter became convinced
about twelve years ago that a life
of celibacy was the only proper life.
So 'she left her husband. I have
it on the authority of her son that
she .never spoke to her husband aft
erwards. He died three years later.
The women believed in total self
abnegation. They thought ) they
should all do work of some sort. So
they started the "Sanctificationist"
laundry. The laundry had its head
quarters at the house of Mrs. Mar
garet Henry, one of the flock. Thir
ty-five is a small number for a so
ciety of fifteen years' standing. One
or two dropped a.way. And all the
time the little capital was increas
ing. At one time they even did
their own butchering, killed their
own cows and sheep and hogs. Think
of that, ye new woman of New York!
j Today every one of them works
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about the Central hotel. They hire
a few negroes to 'do the heavy work
for them. They are respected every-
where In this city. Mrs. McWhirter
Is a j member of the city's board jof
trade! She and her "sisters" have
been contributors to the welfare of
the city and her views and opinions
are always listened to with interest.
'in many cases her views on city
matters are followed.
| FEELS HIS PATIENTS* PAINS.
Occult Powers of a California
" Horse Doctor .Who. Cured Gov
"He's the man who cured the ' gov
ernor" Is the way Californians speak,
'In admiring accents, . of W. A. Horn-
schell, a Stockton veterinary who once
located the lameness of the stallion
, Palo Alto when all other veterinarians
had given up the problem. This per-
formance gave him claims to local
fame, but his feat In curing Governor"
• Budd cast all previous achievements in
The veterinary says he was in Oak
land about the time the governor was
taken sick In Stockton. Something told
him the governor was sick. What It
was he does not know, but at any rate
It told him, and told him very loudly.
So distinct was the message that the
horse doctor declares he was not in
the least astonished when he opened
a letter from home and read among
other things that the governor of the
state was stricken down with some
dread disease. The man had not read
the papers, and the letter was the first
verification of the strange conscious
ness of the fact, that attracted his at-
tention, yyy ---*•■'._■,-:•■
"I was on the train going to Stockton
when suddenly I began to think of the
sick man," said the veterinary, In de-
scribing his experience. "Then I felt a
strange pain In my knee. I felt an
other pain in my right side over my
kidney. My. head was aching— fairly
splitting with pain; my elbows and
ankles seemed to ache. I knew what
these things meant— l was feeling in
my own body the ills of the governor.
I felt there-could be no mistake about
it, for I had had such experiences be
fore when I had located lameness on
The doctor at once wrote how he felt
and mailed the letter. When the gov
ernor was told of this and the pains
that the veterinary felt were explained
to him, great was the surprise of the
"That Is just exactly how I suffer
just exactly,"said the governor. "If
I described it myself, I could not get
nearer to It. Where is the man?"
The horse doctor was found and
brought to the bedside of the governor.
The man of mystery was considerably
taken aback. He had not expected
such a summons.
"Do you think you can do me any
good?" asked Gov. Budd.
"I think I can," was the answer.
"The.n do it," commanded the gover
The mule healer passeh his hands
over the governor, who at once felt
relief. The next day the sick man was
convalescent. There was another treat
ment, and Gov. Budd began to feel
like getting out of bed. Another treat
ment, and he was able to walk around
the room, and in a few days he was
"Tell how you did how did you
cure the governor?" "".
"That I cannot say," was the answer.
"I hardly knew I had such power my
self. I can only say that I feel the
pains myself and seem to take them."
One strange thing about the Stock
ton veterinary is that he declares he
has frequently read. letters and felt as
the writer felt when he was holding
the pen. This is a kind of telepathy
new even to the professors of hypno
tism..- ■/..;- y'yy'y:
Between Misses Mary Ellen East-
side and Libhie Sweet • In Nar
Judge. -.- ■-"' ■
Every once In a while Libby Sweet
gits stuck on herself and wants to go
on the stage. .... ._..,.'. , . .
One day last week she says to me,
"Mary Ellen, there's an ad in the paper
this mornin' for 100 young and pretty
chorus girls, an' I want you to go up
with mo to the place at noon."
"You haven't got any nerve at all,
have you?" I says, "to call yourself
"Well, you know looks is only a mat
ter of taste," she says, "an' anyway,
I can sing in tune, and that's more'n
you can do." y"--;-"
"Sing!" I says. . "They won't want
you to sing. They'll want you to wear
tights, an' you can't do that, for you're
knee sprung." ', .
Then she fired up. "As for bein
young an' pretty, Miss Eastside," she
said, "they would only have to look at
you once to know whether you was
pretty or not, but they wouldn't know
whether you was young, for you
couldn't tell 'em, for you don't know"
yourself, as your mother backed down
the ages of the whole family when she
was wraslln' 'round trying' to git mar
"You could tell 'em your age, all
right," I says, "ever since your father
had to swear to it in court when you
was arrested for rotten-eggin' the Sal
Jest then the forelady came along an
told us to shut up our clack.
The idea of her callln' herself pretty!
Black as a hat an' shoulders as square
as a box. But ma says her mother
uset to be the belle of Jones' wood.
Don't look much like it now-weighs
300 pounds if she does one, an' has to
One Block; From Hotel Rynn.
Adam Fetch's, corner Fifth and Rob
ert. Fine Havana Cigars a specialty.
Adam Fetsch's Cigars.
After dinner go to Adam Fetsch's for
"La Industria" Cigars.
WALSH— In St. Paul, Minn. Nov. 17,
1895, at the residence of his father-in-
law P. J Towle, 739 Lincoln avenue,
- R J. Walsh, aged thirty-four years.
Remains will be taken to Chicago
this evening for interment in the
family lot In Calvary cemetery.
Chicago papers please copy.
DUFFY— St. Paul, Minn... Nov. 17,
1895, at the family residence, 47(1 Beau-
mont street, Frank Duffy, aged sixty-
three years. Funeral tomorrow
(Tuesday)- from residence at 9:30.
Services at St. Mary's church at 10
o'clock. " * ___«
ALL- WEEK, JACOB *
ALL WEEK, JACOB
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-SHAFT NO. 2
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Next Sunday— The Twelve Temptations.
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r Fora Short Time Only. '• .
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[CASTOR I Ai
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ry":' ■ Cahlos Jlabtxs, D. D.,
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The Centaur Compass-, 77 Murray Street, New York Cits
X IT IS OP X.
A*V ,*_* V
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M To say that there is IC
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Mr. J. M. COLVILLE.
Management of John. 11. Williams.
Repertoire: Tonight. Raymonde; Tuesday
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Thursday. My Wife's Friend.
Nov. 23, Robert G. Ingsrsoli.
Sunday. Primrose & West's Minstrels
GRANDI • CONCERT,
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WEDNESDAY, NOV. 27.
Prices, $3.00, $2.50, $2.00, $1.50
Sale of scats begins i.» a. in. today. Howard
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